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Musculoskeletal radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027572/correction-to-highlights-of-the-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-24th-congress-of-the-european-society-of-musculoskeletal-radiology-essr-2017
#1
Carmelo Messina, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Giuseppe Guglielmi
The original version of this article unfortunately contained mistakes. The name and affiliations of Luca Maria Sconfienza are already corrected on this article.
October 13, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987659/relationship-between-radiologist-training-level-and-radiation-exposure-for-therapeutic-hip-injections
#2
Brendan S P Sanders, Matthew D F McInnes, Marcos Loreto Sampaio, Kawan S Rakhra
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the level of training of the performing radiologist and patient radiation exposure, as measured by fluoroscopy time (FT) and dose area product (DAP), during fluoroscopic guided hip injections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This IRB-approved retrospective review of our institutional radiology report database identified all fluoroscopic guided hip injections performed between August 1st, 2012 and May 30th, 2015...
October 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986631/comparative-reliability-and-diagnostic-performance-of-conventional-3t-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-1-5t-magnetic-resonance-arthrography-for-the-evaluation-of-internal-derangement-of-the-hip
#3
A Chopra, A J Grainger, B Dube, R Evans, R Hodgson, J Conroy, D Macdonald, Philip Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of conventional 3T MRI against 1.5T MR arthrography (MRA) in patients with clinical femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). METHODS: Sixty-eight consecutive patients with clinical FAI underwent both 1.5T MRA and 3T MRI. Imaging was prospectively analysed by two musculoskeletal radiologists, blinded to patient outcomes and scored for internal derangement including labral and cartilage abnormality. Interobserver variation was assessed by kappa analysis...
October 6, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967356/pain-sensitisation-in-osteoarthritis
#4
REVIEW
Lars Arendt-Nielsen
Treating chronic musculoskeletal pain, and chronic joint pain (osteoarthritis (OA)) in particular, is challenging as the peripheral and central pain mechanisms are not fully discovered, and safe and as efficient analgesic drugs are not available. In general, the preclinical models of OA are limited to provide fundamental understanding of the pain mechanisms involved in patients with chronic joint pain (1). The pain associated with joint discomfort is highly variable, often underestimated by clinicians, and shows only modest association with crude radiological scorings...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963665/locking-plate-and-fibular-strut-graft-augmentation-in-the-reconstruction-of-unicameral-bone-cyst-of-proximal-femur-in-the-paediatric-population
#5
Khodamorad Jamshidi, Masoud Mirkazemi, Azra Izanloo, Alireza Mirzaei
PURPOSE: Several therapeutic strategies have been used for managing unicameral bone cyst (UBC) of the proximal femur. However, there is insufficient evidence to support one treatment over another, and the optimal treatment is controversial. This study aims at describing our experience with surgical reconstruction of paediatric UBCs of the proximal femur using a proximal locking plate and fibular strut allograft. METHODS: In total, 14 consecutive paediatric patients with Dormans types IB (four cases) and IIB (10 cases) UBC were assessed...
September 30, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947241/the-effect-of-smoking-on-the-outcomes-of-lateral-ankle-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Dong-Oh Lee, Joon-Sang Eom, Hong-Geun Jung
BACKGROUND: Although smoking is known to be harmful to the musculoskeletal system, no studies have investigated its effects on the outcomes of ankle ligament surgery. We determined the effects of smoking on the clinical and radiological outcomes of lateral ankle ligament reconstruction using tendon allografts according to smoking status. METHODS: From among 105 patients with chronic ankle instability who were treated with anatomical reconstruction of the anterior talofibular ligament and the calcaneofibular ligament using semitendinosus tendon allografts and bio-tenodesis screws, 70 ankles, from 23 smokers and 47 non-smokers, were analyzed...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939978/society-of-skeletal-radiology-2017-annual-meeting-summary
#7
REVIEW
Michael G Fox, Laura W Bancroft
Peer-reviewed abstracts presented at the 2017 Society of Skeletal Radiology (SSR) Annual Meeting were reviewed following oral presentation. Topics felt to be of potential interest to musculoskeletal (MSK) investigators and practicing clinicians are highlighted in this compilation and analysis of the meeting. New concepts regarding MSK imaging and intervention, MSK protocols and techniques and quality improvement are included. ePoster highlights are also presented.
September 22, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937490/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-fatty-infiltration-in-the-shoulder-musculature
#8
David F Dow, Kaushal Mehta, Yuanfang Xu, Eric England
OBJECTIVE: Fatty infiltration in the rotator cuff muscles has been well studied in the setting of rotator cuff tendon tears to help predict outcomes of surgical repair. Fatty infiltration in the rotator cuff has also been independently correlated to the variables of age and sex. The purpose of our study was to determine if there is a relationship between body mass index and fatty infiltration in patients with no imaging evidence of rotator cuff tendinosis or tear. METHODS: Radiology reports of all magnetic resonance imaging examinations of the shoulder were searched over a 2-year period...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932957/fluoroscopy-vs-ultrasound-guided-aspiration-techniques-in-the-management-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection-which-is-the-best
#9
Filippo Randelli, Marco Brioschi, Pietro Randelli, Federico Ambrogi, Silvana Sdao, Alberto Aliprandi
BACKGROUND: Fluid samples obtained from an affected joint still play a central role in the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). It is the only preoperative test able to discover the causative microbiological agent. In the hip, fluid aspiration can be performed through fluoroscopy, ultrasound, or, less commonly, computed tomography. However, there is still a lack of consensus on which method is preferable in terms of efficacy and costbenefit. PURPOSES: We, therefore, asked whether (1) the benefits in terms of sensitivity and specificity and (2) the costs were comparable between fluoroscopy- and ultrasound-guided joint aspirations in a suspicious of hip PJI...
September 20, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932885/highlights-of-the-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-24th-congress-of-the-european-society-of-musculoskeletal-radiology-essr-2017
#10
REVIEW
Carmelo Messina, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Giuseppe Guglielmi
This paper summarizes the main aspects of the 24th Annual Scientific Meeting of the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology (ESSR), which was hosted in Bari (Italy) in June 2017.
September 20, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932308/ultrasonographic-enthesopathy-and-disease-activity-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#11
Mohieldin M Ahmed, Gehan Gamal Elolemy, Aziz K Alfeeli, Ayyoub B Baqer, Adela M Gad
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, the correlation between ultrasonographic enthesopathy and severity in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has been done before. However, the correlation between ultrasonography of enthesopathy and the Psoriatic Arthritis Disease Activity Score (PASDAS) have not been done. AIM: To compare the results of ultrasonographic enthesopathy of foot and PASDAS in PsA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 65 PsA patients were involved and divided into two groups...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927153/clinicoradiological-characteristics-management-and-prognosis-of-primary-myeloid-sarcoma-of-the-central-nervous-system-a-report-of-four-cases
#12
Bao Yang, Chenlong Yang, Jingyi Fang, Jun Yang, Yulun Xu
Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a localized tumor composed of premature precursors of granulocytic cells, which may occur in any organ and most commonly involves the soft tissue and musculoskeletal system. This malignancy may occur in the presence or absence of hematological disorders. Primary MS involving the central nervous system (CNS-MS) is rare, and has only been described in a small number of isolated case reports. The diagnosis of CNS-MS is challenging and strategies for its management are undefined. The present study describes 4 cases of CNS-MS...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914351/subfascial-fat-herniation-sonographic-features-of-back-mice
#13
Christin A Tiegs-Heiden, Naveen S Murthy, Katrina N Glazebrook, John A Skinner
Three adult patients are described with sonographic features of subfascial fat hernation. Each patient presented to the musculoskeletal ultrasound department at our institution for the evaluation of a palpable mass of the low back. Subfascial fat hernation, also known as back mice and fibro-fatty nodule, are an uncommon cause of a palpable mass in the low back or low back pain. They are small mobile subcutaneous nodules in a characteristic location near the posterior superior iliac spine. This entity has not been described in the radiology literature...
September 15, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906125/imaging-of-rare-appendicular-non-acral-soft-tissue-chondromas-in-adults-with-histopathologic-correlation
#14
Mohamed Ragab Nouh, Hanan Abd El-Aziz Amr, Rola H Ali
Background Soft-tissue chondroma (STC) is a rare benign soft tissue tumor that arises primarily in acral extra-skeletal locations. Occasionally, STCs may arise in more proximal non-acral locations, accompanied by non-classic features that label them as indeterminate lesions and pose diagnostic challenge for both radiologists and pathologists alike. Purpose To explicate the potential of diagnostic imaging in the identification and characterization of appendicular non-acral STCs with emphasis on their morphologic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enhancement...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899700/the-agony-of-it-all-musculoskeletal-discomfort-in-the-reading-room
#15
Rebecca L Seidel, Elizabeth A Krupinski
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent and severity of musculoskeletal discomfort in radiologists using a standardized tool, the Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire (CMDQ). In addition, we evaluated the influence of demographic factors on the frequency of symptoms, degree of discomfort, interference of symptoms with ability to work, and overall pain. METHODS: The CMDQ was distributed via an anonymous link to all radiology trainees and faculty at our institution...
September 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898128/technologist-directed-repeat-musculoskeletal-and-chest-radiographs-how-often-do-they-impact-diagnosis
#16
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Jill E Jacobs, Nidhi Jain, Geraldine Brusca-Augello, Michael Mechlin, Marc Parente, Michael P Recht
OBJECTIVE: Radiologic technologists may repeat images within a radiographic examination because of perceived suboptimal image quality, excluding these original images from submission to a PACS. This study assesses the appropriateness of technologists' decisions to repeat musculoskeletal and chest radiographs as well as the utility of repeat radiographs in addressing examinations' clinical indication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 95 musculoskeletal and 87 chest radiographic examinations in which the technologist repeated one or more images because of perceived image quality issues, rejecting original images from PACS submission...
September 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887681/pediatric-spine-imaging-post-scoliosis-surgery
#17
Alaa N Alsharief, Ron El-Hawary, Pierre Schmit
Many orthopedic articles describe advances in surgical techniques and implants used in pediatric scoliosis surgery. However, even though postoperative spine imaging constitutes a large portion of outpatient musculoskeletal pediatric radiology, few, if any, radiology articles discuss this topic. There has been interval advancement over the last decades of the orthopedic procedures used in the treatment of spinal scoliosis in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. The goal of treatment in these patients is to stop the progression of the curve by blocking the spinal growth and correcting the deformity as much as possible...
September 8, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885126/utility-and-costs-of-radiologist-interpretation-of-perioperative-imaging-in-patients-with-traumatic-single-level-thoracolumbar-fractures
#18
Michael H Weber, Lojan Sivakumaran, Maryse Fortin, Alisson R Teles, Jeff D Golan, Carlo Santaguida, Peter Jarzem, Thierry Pauyo
OBJECTIVE The cost of spine management is rising. As diagnostic imaging accounts for approximately 10% of total patient care spending, there is interest in determining if economies could be made with regard to the routine consultation of radiology for image interpretation. In the context of spine trauma, both the spine surgeon and the radiologist interpret perioperative imaging. Authors of the present study investigated the impact of radiologist interpretation of perioperative imaging from patients with traumatic single-level thoracolumbar fractures given that spine surgeons are expected to be comfortable interpreting pathologies of the musculoskeletal system...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843590/expanding-the-borders-image-guided-procedures-for-the-treatment-of-musculoskeletal-tumors
#19
J Garnon, G Koch, J Caudrelier, G Tsoumakidou, R L Cazzato, A Gangi
Interventional radiology has revolutionized the local management of bone tumours, offering new minimal invasive alternatives to surgery and radiotherapy. Its role has continuously increased over the past years for the treatment of benign tumors and also of some malignant ones, especially in palliative situations. The development of protective techniques and new ablative technologies, such as cryoablation, contributes to expand the role of the interventional radiologist to new fields of applications in musculoskeletal oncology...
September 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834966/checklist-and-scoring-system-for-the-assessment-of-soft%C3%A2-tissue-preservation-in-ct-examinations-of-human-mummies-application-to-the-tyrolean-iceman
#20
Stephanie Panzer, Patrizia Pernter, Dario Piombino-Mascali, Rimantas Jankauskas, Stephanie Zesch, Wilfried Rosendahl, Gerhard Hotz, Albert R Zink
Purpose Soft tissues make a skeleton into a mummy and they allow for a diagnosis beyond osteology. Following the approach of structured reporting in clinical radiology, a recently developed checklist was used to evaluate the soft tissue preservation status of the Tyrolean Iceman using computed tomography (CT). The purpose of this study was to apply the "Checklist and Scoring System for the Assessment of Soft Tissue Preservation in CT Examinations of Human Mummies" to the Tyrolean Iceman, and to compare the Iceman's soft tissue preservation score to the scores calculated for other mummies...
August 23, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
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