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Musculoskeletal radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212666/classical-hodgkin-lymphoma-masquerading-as-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-a-case-report
#1
Michael Pham, Steven Ressler, Allison Rosenthal, Katalin Kelemen
BACKGROUND: Hodgkin lymphoma is a hematologic malignancy usually confined to lymphatic structures and commonly associated with constitutional symptoms. Bony involvement and musculoskeletal symptoms are uncommon and typically seen in advanced disease. In this case, we report an unusual presentation of classical Hodgkin lymphoma and highlight diagnostic challenges leading to the misdiagnosis and treatment as chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 38-year-old white man presented with lower extremity musculoskeletal pain...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199127/development-of-rad-score-a-tool-to-assess-the-procedural-competence-of-diagnostic-radiology-residents
#2
Inga Isupov, Matthew D F McInnes, Stan J Hamstra, Geoffrey Doherty, Ashish Gupta, Susan Peddle, Zaid Jibri, Kawan Rakhra, Rebecca M Hibbert
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to develop a tool to assess the procedural competence of radiology trainees, with sources of evidence gathered from five categories to support the construct validity of tool: content, response process, internal structure, relations to other variables, and consequences. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A pilot form for assessing procedural competence among radiology residents, known as the RAD-Score tool, was developed by evaluating published literature and using a modified Delphi procedure involving a group of local content experts...
February 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185617/mycobacterium-kansasii
#3
James C Johnston, Leslie Chiang, Kevin Elwood
The incidence of Mycobacterium kansasii varies widely over time and by region, but this organism remains one of the most clinically relevant isolated species of nontuberculous mycobacteria. In contrast to other common nontuberculous mycobacteria, M. kansasii is infrequently isolated from natural water sources or soil. The major reservoir appears to be tap water. Infection is likely acquired through the aerosol route, with low infectivity in regions of endemicity. Human-to-human transmission is thought not to occur...
January 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154900/prevalence-of-burnout-among-musculoskeletal-radiologists
#4
Felix S Chew, Michael J Mulcahy, Jack A Porrino, Hyojeong Mulcahy, Annemarie Relyea-Chew
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is a job-related psychological syndrome with three aspects: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and perceived lack of personal accomplishment. Burnout is associated with deleterious effects on both workers and their work. When burnout affects physicians, their well-being, longevity, and care of patients are at risk. Recent studies concerning physician burnout treat specialists such as radiologists as one group. We studied burnout in musculoskeletal (MSK) subspecialist radiologists...
February 2, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152768/improving-care-quality-for-patients-with-soft-tissue-and-bone-sarcoma-by-establishing-a-national-virtual-tumor-board-and-electronic-consultation-platform
#5
Andrew Fang, Maihgan Kavanagh, Brian Kim, Jason D Lee, Craig McCormick, Lee Jae Morse, Subir Nag, Grant Nybbaken, Peter Peng, Corey M Schwartz, Joseph Song, Denah Renee Taggart, Jeanette Cu Yu
: 211 Background: Bone and soft tissue sarcomas are relatively uncommon and their management is extremely complex requiring coordinated multidisciplinary expertise for optimal care. Because Kaiser Permanente operates across many geographic regions in the country, in-person tumor board is not practical. METHODS: The Kaiser Permanente Northern California medical oncology team has developed a system-based virtual tumor board (VTB) and electronic consultation (EC) platform comprised of experts from several key disciplines including musculoskeletal/surgical oncology, musculoskeletal radiology, pathology, radiation oncology, brachytherapy, medical adult and pediatric oncology...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130051/attending-radiologist-variability-and-its-effect-on-radiology-resident-discrepancy-rates
#6
Joseph C Wildenberg, Po-Hao Chen, Mary H Scanlon, Tessa S Cook
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Discrepancy rates for interpretations produced in a call situation are one metric to evaluate residents during training. Current benchmarks, reported in previous studies, do not consider the effects of practice pattern variability among attending radiologists. This study aims to investigate the impact of attending variability on resident discrepancy rates to determine if the current benchmarks are an accurate measure of resident performance and, if necessary, update discrepancy benchmarks to accurately identify residents performing below expectations...
January 24, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127322/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-a-seven-year-old-patient-with-incontinentia-pigmenti-a-case-report-and-five-year-follow-up
#7
Rezvan Rafatjou, Fariborz Vafaee, Hanif Allahbakhshi, Porousha Mahjoub
Incontinentia pigmenti is a rare inherited disorder involving abnormalities of the skin, hair, eyes, musculoskeletal system, central nervous system, and the teeth. Dental abnormalities are the most common manifestations of this disorder. The purpose of this case report was to present the clinical and radiological findings of a seven-year-old girl as well as the results of her five-year follow up. The patient showed faded linear pigmented macular lesions on the trunk and on upper and lower limbs. Dental examination was notable for conical and peg-shaped anterior teeth as well as delayed eruption of primary and permanent teeth...
August 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110350/the-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-european-society-of-musculoskeletal-radiology-essr-2016-in-zurich-switzerland-summary
#8
Marco Zanetti
The 23rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology (ESSR) 2016 in Switzerland, Zurich will be summarized.
January 22, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093618/mri-assessment-of-calf-injuries-in-australian-football-league-players-findings-that-influence-return-to-play
#9
George Waterworth, Sara Wein, Alexandra Gorelik, Andrew H Rotstein
OBJECTIVE: Calf muscle strains have become increasingly prevalent in recent seasons of the Australian Football League (AFL) and represent a significant cause of time lost from competition. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between MRI features of calf muscle strains and games missed and to thereby identify parameters that are of prognostic value. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of MRI scans of AFL players with calf strains referred to a musculoskeletal radiology clinic over a 5-year period (2008-2012) was performed...
January 16, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076290/tailored-interactive-sequences-for-continuous-mr-image-guided-freehand-biopsies-of-different-organs-in-an-open-system-at-1-0-tesla-t-initial-experience
#10
Florian Streitparth, Christian Althoff, Martin Jonczyk, Felix Guettler, Martin Maurer, Hendrik Rathke, Keno Moritz Sponheuer, Bernd Hamm, Ulf K Teichgräber, Maximilian de Bucourt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility, image quality, and accuracy of freehand biopsies of liver, bone, muscle, vertebral disc, soft tissue, and other lesions using balanced steady-state free precession (SSFP, balanced fast field echo: bFFE), spoiled and nonspoiled gradient echo (FFE), and turbo spin echo (TSE) sequences for interactive continuous navigation in an open magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system at 1.0 tesla (T). METHODS: Twenty-six MR-guided biopsies (five liver, five bone, four muscle, four vertebral disc, one lung, one kidney, one suprarenal gland, and five soft or other tissue) were performed in 23 patients in a 1...
January 11, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057011/functional-and-radiological-outcomes-of-a-minimally-invasive-surgical-approach-to-monostotic-fibrous-dysplasia
#11
Mamer S Rosario, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Norio Yamamoto, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Yuta Taniguchi, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
BACKGROUND: Reports showing high recurrence rates for intralesional curettage and bone grafting have made the current treatment principle for fibrous dysplasia controversial. This study aimed to report the postoperative clinical outcomes from three minimally invasive surgical strategies we use for monostotic fibrous dysplasia (MFD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve patients with MFD presenting with no pathologic fracture or deformity and treated with one of three surgical strategies-plain open biopsy, plain alpha-tricalcium phosphate (ATP) reconstruction, and prophylactic bridge plating-were included...
January 5, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046867/su-f-p-06-moving-from-computed-radiography-to-digital-radiography-a-collaborative-approach-to-improve-image-quality
#12
D Sandoval, D Valenti, T Bateman, V Norris, G Mlady, R Selwyn
PURPOSE: To bring together radiologists, technologists, and physicists to utilize post-processing techniques in digital radiography (DR) in order to optimize image acquisition and improve image quality. METHODS: Sub-optimal images acquired on a new General Electric (GE) DR system were flagged for follow-up by radiologists and reviewed by technologists and medical physicists. Various exam types from adult musculoskeletal (n=35), adult chest (n=4), and pediatric (n=7) were chosen for review...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040333/signs-and-symptoms-of-rheumatic-diseases-as-first-manifestation-of-pediatric-cancer-diagnosis-and-prognosis-implications
#13
Mariana Bertoldi Fonseca, Francisco Hugo Rodrigues Gomes, Elvis Terci Valera, Gecilmara Salviato Pileggi, Paula Braga Gonfiantini, Marcela Braga Gonfiantini, Virgínia Paes Leme Ferriani, Luciana Martins de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and describe the clinical, laboratory and radiological findings, treatment and outcome of children with cancer initially referred to a tertiary outpatient pediatric rheumatology clinic. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records from patients identified in a list of 250 new patients attending the tertiary Pediatric Rheumatology Clinic, Ribeirão Preto Medical School hospital, University of São Paulo, from July 2013 to July 2015, whose final diagnosis was cancer...
December 16, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025351/immediate-adverse-events-in-interventional-pain-procedures-a-multi-institutional-study
#14
Carrie M Carr, Christopher T Plastaras, Matthew J Pingree, Matthew Smuck, Timothy P Maus, Jennifer R Geske, Christine A El-Yahchouchi, Zachary L McCormick, David J Kennedy
SETTING: Interventional procedures directed toward sources of pain in the axial and appendicular musculoskeletal system are performed with increasing frequency. Despite the presence of evidence-based guidelines for such procedures, there are wide variations in practice. Case reports of serious complications such as spinal cord infarction or infection from spine injections lack appropriate context and create a misleading view of the risks of appropriately performed interventional pain procedures...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017458/specific-adverse-events-are-associated-with-response-to-exemestane-therapy-in-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-patients-results-from-the-teamiia-study-boog2006-04
#15
D B Y Fontein, A Charehbili, J W R Nortier, H Putter, E Meershoek-Klein Kranenbarg, J R Kroep, S C Linn, C J H van de Velde
PURPOSE: In the adjuvant setting, specific adverse events (AEs) such as vasomotor symptoms (VMS) and musculoskeletal AEs are associated with relapse-free survival in aromatase inhibitor (AI)-treated patients. In the neoadjuvant setting, specific AEs may be associated with tumor response to AIs as well. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2012, 107 patients participated in the prospective TEAMIIA trial, a prospective, phase II trial investigating 6 months of neoadjuvant exemestane in patients with strongly ER-positive breast cancer...
December 10, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012122/skeletal-radiology-the-year-in-review-2016
#16
REVIEW
Daniel I Rosenthal, Mark Kransdorf, Gunnar Astrom
A look back at Skeletal Radiology in 2016 reveals a sizable number of publications that significantly advanced the state of knowledge about diseases of the musculoskeletal system. This review summarizes the content of some of the most intriguing papers of the year.
December 23, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009800/is-there-value-in-having-radiology-provide-a-second-reading-in-pediatric-orthopaedic-clinic
#17
Vivek Natarajan, Patrick Bosch, Ozgur Dede, Vincent Deeney, Stephen Mendelson, Timothy Ward, Maria Brooks, Tanya Kenkre, James Roach
BACKGROUND: The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations specifically mandates the dual interpretation of musculoskeletal radiographs by a radiologist in addition to the orthopaedist in all hospital-based orthopaedic clinics. Previous studies have questioned the utility of this practice. The purpose of this study was to further investigate the clinical significance of having the radiologist provide a second interpretation in a hospital-based pediatric orthopaedic clinic...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002871/recommendations-of-the-essr-arthritis-subcommittee-on-ultrasonography-in-inflammatory-joint-disease
#18
Athena Plagou, James Teh, Andrew J Grainger, Claudia Schueller-Weidekamm, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Winston Rennie, Gunnar Åström, Antoine Feydy, Chiara Giraudo, Henri Guerini, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Amanda Isaac, Lennart Jans, Anne Grethe Jurik, Franz Kainberger, Mario Maas, Carlo Martinoli, Vasco V Mascarenhas, Falk Miese, Philip O'Connor, Edwin H Oei, Mikkel Østergaard, Philippe Peetrons, Hannes Platzgummer, Monique Reijnierse, Philip Robinson, Mitja Rupreht, Paolo Simoni, Marius C Wick, Anna Zejden, Andrea S Klauser
This article presents the recommendations of the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology Arthritis Subcommittee on the use of ultrasonography (US) in rheumatic disease, focused on the examination of joints in the adult population. The recommended examination technique and protocols used in a radiologic work-up are discussed. The main US features that can lead to a final diagnosis in the most common rheumatic diseases are addressed. The differential diagnosis that should be considered at image interpretation is presented...
November 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992639/accuracy-of-ultrasound-guided-intra-articular-hip-injections-performed-in-the-orthopedic-clinic
#19
Todd P Balog, Blair B Rhodehouse, Eric K Turner, John M Slevin, Lisabeth A Bush, Jason A Grassbaugh, Bryant G Marchant
Intra-articular hip injections have proven clinical value for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Historically, these injections have been performed by radiologists using fluoroscopic guidance. This necessitates a radiology referral, delays the injection, and represents lost productivity for the orthopedist. Ultrasound-guided intra-articular hip injections have been described in the radiology literature with excellent accuracy. These injections were performed by radiologists. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of ultrasound-guided hip injections performed in the orthopedic clinic by orthopedic surgeons and orthopedic physician assistants...
December 19, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986526/nontraumatic-isolated-posterior-interosseous-nerve-palsy-reinterpretation-of-electrodiagnostic-studies-and-mris
#20
Andrés A Maldonado, Kimberly K Amrami, Michelle L Mauermann, Robert J Spinner
INTRODUCTION: Different hypotheses have been proposed for the pathophysiology of posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) palsy, namely compression, nerve inflammation, and fascicular constriction. We hypothesized that critical reinterpretation of electrodiagnostic (EDX) studies and MRIs of patients with a diagnosis of PIN palsy could provide insight into the pathophysiology and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with a diagnosis of nontraumatic PIN palsy and an upper extremity EDX and MRI...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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