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Musculoskeletal radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882050/radiological-identification-and-analysis-of-soft-tissue-musculoskeletal-calcifications
#1
REVIEW
Véronique Freire, Thomas P Moser, Marianne Lepage-Saucier
Musculoskeletal calcifications are frequent on radiographs and sometimes problematic. The goal of this article is to help radiologists to make the correct diagnosis when faced with an extraosseous musculoskeletal calcification. One should first differentiate a calcification from an ossification or a foreign body and then locate the calcification correctly. Each location has a specific short differential diagnosis, with minimal further investigation necessary. Intra-tendon calcifications are most frequently associated with hydroxyapatite deposition disease (HADD)...
June 7, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876703/clinical-indications-for-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-updated-in-2017-by-european-society-of-musculoskeletal-radiology-essr-consensus
#2
Luca Maria Sconfienza, Domenico Albano, Georgina Allen, Alberto Bazzocchi, Bianca Bignotti, Vito Chianca, Fernando Facal de Castro, Elena E Drakonaki, Elena Gallardo, Jan Gielen, Andrea Sabine Klauser, Carlo Martinoli, Giovanni Mauri, Eugene McNally, Carmelo Messina, Rebeca Mirón Mombiela, Davide Orlandi, Athena Plagou, Magdalena Posadzy, Rosa de la Puente, Monique Reijnierse, Federica Rossi, Saulius Rutkauskas, Ziga Snoj, Jelena Vucetic, David Wilson, Alberto Stefano Tagliafico
OBJECTIVES: To update the 2012 European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology (ESSR) clinical consensus guidelines for musculoskeletal ultrasound referral in Europe. METHODS: Twenty-one musculoskeletal imaging experts from the ESSR participated in a consensus study based on a Delphic process. Two independent (non-voting) authors facilitated the procedure and resolved doubtful issues. Updated musculoskeletal ultrasound literature up to July 2017 was scored for shoulder, elbow, wrist/hand, hip, knee, and ankle/foot...
June 6, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869290/glenn-m-garcia-radcases-musculoskeletal-radiology-2nd-editiion-thieme-verlag-new-york-stuttgart-delhi-rio-de-janeiro-2017-224-pp-716-figs-279-0-mm-hardcover-kt-e-book-eur-d-59-99-eur-a-61-70-chf-69-00-isbn-978-1-62623-244-0
#3
Alain G Graftiaux, Pierre Kehr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 4, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843749/hip-pathology-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#4
Lucas Annabell, Vahid Master, Alexander Rhodes, Brett Moreira, Cassandra Coetzee, Phong Tran
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy has led to a greater understanding of intra-articular hip pathology. Non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is currently the gold standard in non-invasive imaging diagnosis, with high sensitivity in identifying labral pathology but equivocal results for ligamentum teres damage and chondral defects. The aim of this study is to determine the accuracy of non-contrast MRI for diagnosis of intra-articular hip derangements and identify radiological features that could increase the accuracy of the diagnosis...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779002/developing-a-testing-battery-for-measuring-dogs-stifle-functionality-the-finnish-canine-stifle-index-fcsi
#5
Heli K Hyytiäinen, Sari H Mölsä, Jouni J T Junnila, Outi M Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Anna K Hielm-Björkman
This study aimed at developing a quantitative testing battery for dogs' stifle functionality, as, unlike in human medicine, currently none is available in the veterinary field. Forty-three dogs with surgically treated unilateral cranial cruciate ligament rupture and 21 dogs with no known musculoskeletal problems were included. Eight previously studied tests: compensation in sitting and lying positions, symmetry of thrust in hindlimbs when rising from lying and sitting, static weight bearing, stifle flexion and extension and muscle mass symmetry, were summed into the Finnish Canine Stifle Index (FCSI)...
May 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777451/telemedicine-based-system-for-quality-management-and-peer-review-in-radiology
#6
Sergey Morozov, Ekaterina Guseva, Natalya Ledikhova, Anton Vladzymyrskyy, Dmitry Safronov
OBJECTIVES: Quality assurance is the key component of modern radiology. A telemedicine-based quality assurance system helps to overcome the "scoring" approach and makes the quality control more accessible and objective. METHODS: A concept for quality assurance in radiology is developed. Its realization is a set of strategies, actions, and tools. The latter is based on telemedicine-based peer review of 23,199 computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images...
May 18, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776667/doctoral-theses-in-diagnostic-imaging-a-study-of-spanish-production-between-1976-and-2011
#7
K Machan, F Sendra Portero
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the production of doctoral theses in diagnostic imaging in Spain in the period comprising 1976 through 2011 with the aim of a) determining the number of theses and their distribution over time, b) describing the production in terms of universities and directors, and c) analyzing the content of the theses according to the imaging technique, anatomic site, and type of research used. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The TESEO database was searched for "radiología" and/or "diagnóstico por imagen" and for terms related to diagnostic imaging in the title of the thesis...
May 15, 2018: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760842/appropriateness-of-extremity-magnetic-resonance-imaging-examinations-in-an-academic-emergency-department-observation-unit
#8
McKinley Glover, Ravi V Gottumukkala, Yadiel Sanchez, Brian J Yun, Theodore I Benzer, Benjamin A White, Anand M Prabhakar, Ali S Raja
Introduction: Emergency departments (ED) and hospitals face increasing challenges related to capacity, throughput, and stewardship of limited resources while maintaining high quality. Appropriate utilization of extremity magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations within the emergency setting is not well known. Therefore, this study aimed to determine indications for and appropriateness of MRI of the extremities for musculoskeletal conditions in the ED observation unit (EDOU). Methods: We conducted this institutional review board-approved, retrospective study in a large, quaternary care academic center and Level I trauma center...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724426/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-chronic-wrist-pain
#9
David A Rubin, Catherine C Roberts, Jenny T Bencardino, Angela M Bell, R Carter Cassidy, Eric Y Chang, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Darlene F Metter, William B Morrison, Naveen Subhas, Siddharth Tambar, Jeffrey D Towers, Joseph S Yu, Mark J Kransdorf
Radiographs are indicated as the first imaging test in all patients with chronic wrist pain, regardless of the suspected diagnosis. When radiographs are normal or equivocal, advanced imaging with MRI (without or without intravenous contrast or following arthrography), CT (usually without contrast), and ultrasound each has a role in establishing a diagnosis. Furthermore, these examinations may contribute to staging disease, treatment planning, and prognostication, even when radiographs are diagnostic of a specific condition...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724425/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-chronic-ankle-pain
#10
Eric Y Chang, Anthony S Tadros, Behrang Amini, Angela M Bell, Stephanie A Bernard, Michael G Fox, Tetyana Gorbachova, Alice S Ha, Kenneth S Lee, Darlene F Metter, Pekka A Mooar, Nehal A Shah, Adam D Singer, Stacy E Smith, Mihra S Taljanovic, Ralf Thiele, Mark J Kransdorf
Chronic ankle pain is a common clinical problem whose cause is often elucidated by imaging. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria for chronic ankle pain define best practices of image ordering. Clinical scenarios are followed by the imaging choices and their appropriateness. The information is in ordered tables with an accompanying narrative explanation to guide physicians to order the right test. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724421/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-soft-tissue-masses
#11
Mark J Kransdorf, Mark D Murphey, Daniel E Wessell, R Carter Cassidy, Gregory J Czuczman, Jennifer L Demertzis, Leon Lenchik, Kambiz Motamedi, Jennifer L Pierce, Akash Sharma, Eric A Walker, Elizabeth Ying-Kou Yung, Francesca D Beaman
Imaging is an integral component of the evaluation of patients with a suspected soft-tissue mass. Imaging can not only confirm the presence of a mass but can provide essential information necessary for diagnosis, local staging, and biopsy planning. Although the objectives of the evaluation have not changed, the choices available for imaging of musculoskeletal masses have evolved dramatically in recent years. The purpose of this document is to identify the most common clinical scenarios and the most appropriate imaging for their assessment on the basis of the current literature and to provide general guidance for those scenarios that are not specifically addressed...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724420/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-shoulder-pain-traumatic
#12
Behrang Amini, Nicholas M Beckmann, Francesca D Beaman, Daniel E Wessell, Stephanie A Bernard, R Carter Cassidy, Gregory J Czuczman, Jennifer L Demertzis, Bennett S Greenspan, Bharti Khurana, Kenneth S Lee, Leon Lenchik, Kambiz Motamedi, Akash Sharma, Eric A Walker, Mark J Kransdorf
Traumatic shoulder pain is pain directly attributed to a traumatic event, either acute or chronic. This pain may be the result of either fracture (the clavicle, scapula, or proximal humerus) or soft-tissue injury (most commonly of the rotator cuff, acromioclavicular ligaments, or labroligamentous complex). Imaging assessment of traumatic shoulder pain begins with conventional radiography and, depending on physical examination findings, will require MRI or MR arthrography for assessment of soft-tissue injuries and CT for delineation of fracture planes...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705944/incorporation-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-training-into-the-radiology-core-curriculum
#13
EDITORIAL
Netanel S Berko, Jenna N Le, Beverly A Thornhill, Dan Wang, Abdissa Negassa, E Stephen Amis, Mordecai Koenigsberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703193/patient-house-calls-in-attica-and-thessaloniki-greece-2005-2015-a-model-for-out-of-hospital-multispecialty-emergency-medicine
#14
George Theocharis, Spyridon G Barbas, Theodore Spiropoulos, Petroula E Stamouli, Dimitrios N Perdikis, Matthew E Falagas
BACKGROUND: The SOS-doctors are a network of physicians who perform house-call visits in the areas of Attica and Thessaloniki, Greece. METHODS: Patients requesting medical services by the SOS doctors during the period 1/1/2005 - 31/12/2015 were eligible for inclusion in this retrospective analysis. RESULTS: During this period 335, 212 home visits were performed. Females used this service more frequently compared to males (60.5% versus 39.5%)...
April 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692374/evaluation-of-knees-in-asymptomatic-amateur-ice-hockey-players-using-3-0-t-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-case-control-study
#15
Xiao-Dan Chang, Pei Yang, Xin-Yan Mu, Wei-Li Ma, Mo Zhou
Background: Research on the changes to knee structures in asymptomatic amateur ice hockey players (AAIHPs) has been limited. We aimed to assess the performance of the knees in AAIHPs using 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: A total of 71 asymptomatic knees (32 AAIHPs and 39 age- and sex-matched controls) were imaged using a 3.0-T MRI scanner at the Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University in April 2017. Two experienced musculoskeletal radiologists were blinded to assess all MRI findings, including bursae around the knee, bone marrow edema (BME), meniscal signal changes, and articular cartilage and ligament damage...
May 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687209/role-of-interventional-radiology-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-soft-tissue-lesions
#16
Francesco Arrigoni, Federico Bruno, Luigi Zugaro, Alessandra Splendiani, Ernesto Di Cesare, Antonio Barile, Carlo Masciocchi
The lesions of the soft tissues are rare and extremely heterogeneous; even if the surgical treatment is usually the standard therapy, the role of the interventional radiology (IR) in this field is growing up for multiple reasons. First, because the imaging alone usually is not able to ensure a definitive diagnosis, IR has a basic role in the staging: the percutaneous biopsy is infact an irreplaceable step. Moreover, biopsy is necessary not only for histologic evaluations but also for the biochemical and molecular studies...
April 23, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685835/incidence-of-anterolateral-ligament-tears-in-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-knee-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-analysis
#17
Christopher Gaunder, Scot Campbell, Michael Sciortino, Mark Slabaugh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of anterolateral ligament (ALL) tears on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients diagnosed with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. Furthermore, this study sought to determine the inter- and intraobserver reliability in diagnosing an ALL tear. METHODS: The MRI radiologic database at a community military hospital was queried for ACL tears over the period of January 2011 to April 2015. During this time, 181 MRIs were identified as having ACL tears...
April 20, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682450/first-case-of-cervical-epidural-abscess-caused-by-brucellosis-in-saudi-arabia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Meshal Alyousef, Rabia Aldoghaither
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is an extremely rare and disastrous musculoskeletal complication of spondylodiscitis and sacroilitis secondary to brucellosis infection. Few case reports and retrospective studies have been published reporting patients with epidural abscesses mainly lumbar, and thoracic while cervical abscess are rare. Management of spinal epidural abscess due to Brucella species is not standard and remains controversial. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case of brucellar cervical epidural abscess reported in Saudi Arabia...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679101/t2-mapping-of-the-sacroiliac-joints-at-1-5-tesla-a-feasibility-and-reproducibility-study
#19
Domenico Albano, Vito Chianca, Renato Cuocolo, Rodolfo Bignone, Francesco Ciccia, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Massimo Midiri, Arturo Brunetti, Roberto Lagalla, Massimo Galia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproducibility of T2 relaxation time measurements of the sacroiliac joints at 1.5 T. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy volunteers underwent an oblique axial multislice multiecho spin-echo sequence of the sacroiliac joints at 1.5 T. Regions of interest were manually drawn using a dedicated software by two musculoskeletal radiologists to include the cartilaginous part of the sacroiliac joints. A senior radiologist performed the measurement twice, while a resident measured once...
April 20, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666889/surgical-strategy-for-benign-lesions-in-proximal-femur-internal-fixation-or-endoprosthetic-replacement
#20
Hongyuan Liu, Xiang Fang, Zeping Yu, Yun Lang, Yan Xiong, Hong Duan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the indications for the two most frequently applied surgical procedures for benign lesions in the proximal femur. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 142 patients with benign lesions in the proximal femur from January 2010 to January 2015. Internal fixation (IF) was adopted in 110 patients, while endoprosthetic replacement (EPR) was applied in 32 patients. Clinical data, including operation time, blood loss, hospitalization time, and hospitalization expenses, were compared between the groups...
April 17, 2018: International Orthopaedics
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