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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928728/comparative-analysis-of-the-gut-microbiota-composition-between-captive-and-wild-forest-musk-deer
#1
Yimeng Li, Xiaolong Hu, Shuang Yang, Juntong Zhou, Tianxiang Zhang, Lei Qi, Xiaoning Sun, Mengyuan Fan, Shanghua Xu, Muha Cha, Meishan Zhang, Shaobi Lin, Shuqiang Liu, Defu Hu
The large and complex gut microbiota in animals has profound effects on feed utilization and metabolism. Currently, gastrointestinal diseases due to dysregulated gut microbiota are considered important factors that limit growth of the captive forest musk deer population. Compared with captive forest musk deer, wild forest musk deer have a wider feeding range with no dietary limitations, and their gut microbiota are in a relatively natural state. However, no reports have compared the gut microbiota between wild and captive forest musk deer...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893635/emendation-and-new-species-of-hapalorhynchus-stunkard-1922-digenea-schistosomatoidea-from-musk-turtles-kinosternidae-sternotherus-in-alabama-and-florida-rivers
#2
Jackson R Roberts, Kenneth M Halanych, Cova R Arias, Brian Folt, Jeffrey M Goessling, Stephen A Bullard
Hapalorhynchus Stunkard, 1922 is emended based on morphological study of existing museum specimens (type and voucher specimens) and newly-collected specimens infecting musk turtles (Testudines: Kinosternidae: Sternotherus spp.) from rivers in Alabama and Florida (USA). Hapalorhynchus conecuhensis n. sp. is described from an innominate musk turtle, Sternotherus cf. minor, (type host) from Blue Spring (31°5'27.64″N, 86°30'53.21″W; Pensacola Bay Basin, Alabama) and the loggerhead musk turtle, Sternotherus minor (Agassiz, 1857) from the Wacissa River (30°20'24...
September 8, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891072/stable-control-of-physiological-parameters-but-not-infection-in-preterm-lambs-maintained-on-ex-vivo-uterine-environment-therapy
#3
Yuichiro Miura, Haruo Usuda, Shimpei Watanabe, Eleanor Woodward, Masatoshi Saito, Gabrielle C Musk, Suhas G Kallapur, Shinichi Sato, Ryuta Kitanishi, Tadashi Matsuda, John P Newnham, Sarah J Stock, Matthew W Kemp
Ex vivo uterine environment (EVE) therapy is an experimental neonatal intensive care strategy wherein gas exchange is performed by membranous oxygenators attached to the umbilical vessels. Our aim was to assess the ability of a newly refined EVE system to maintain key physiological parameters in preterm lambs within optimal ranges for 48 h. EVE group; n = 6: Preterm lambs were delivered under general anesthesia at 115 ± 2 days of gestational age. Animals were submerged in a bath of artificial amniotic fluid on EVE therapy for 48 h...
September 11, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878127/autoantibody-producing-plasmablasts-after-b-cell-depletion-identified-in-muscle-specific-kinase-myasthenia-gravis
#4
Panos Stathopoulos, Aditya Kumar, Richard J Nowak, Kevin C O'Connor
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a B cell-mediated autoimmune disorder of neuromuscular transmission. Pathogenic autoantibodies to muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK) can be found in patients with MG who do not have detectable antibodies to the acetylcholine receptor (AChR). MuSK MG includes immunological and clinical features that are generally distinct from AChR MG, particularly regarding responsiveness to therapy. B cell depletion has been shown to affect a decline in serum autoantibodies and to induce sustained clinical improvement in the majority of MuSK MG patients...
September 7, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858207/x-chromosome-evolution-in-cetartiodactyla
#5
Anastasia A Proskuryakova, Anastasia I Kulemzina, Polina L Perelman, Alexey I Makunin, Denis M Larkin, Marta Farré, Anna V Kukekova, Jennifer Lynn Johnson, Natalya A Lemskaya, Violetta R Beklemisheva, Melody E Roelke-Parker, June Bellizzi, Oliver A Ryder, Stephen J O'Brien, Alexander S Graphodatsky
The phenomenon of a remarkable conservation of the X chromosome in eutherian mammals has been first described by Susumu Ohno in 1964. A notable exception is the cetartiodactyl X chromosome, which varies widely in morphology and G-banding pattern between species. It is hypothesized that this sex chromosome has undergone multiple rearrangements that changed the centromere position and the order of syntenic segments over the last 80 million years of Cetartiodactyla speciation. To investigate its evolution we have selected 26 evolutionarily conserved bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones from the cattle CHORI-240 library evenly distributed along the cattle X chromosome...
August 31, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842970/steroid-profile-and-irms-analysis-of-musk-administration-for-doping-control
#6
Jingzhu Wang, Yi He, Xin Liu, Zhiyong Yang, Wenning Yang
Musk, the dried secretion of the musk pod (sac) of adult male musk deer, has been used as traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in China and south-east Asian countries for thousands of years. Due to the anabolic steroid component in this TCM, musk preparations have been included in the list of medical products containing prohibited substances employed for doping by the State Food and Drug Administration of China. The application of musk pod formulation was claimed to be responsible for some adverse analytical findings (AAF) in the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup...
August 25, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832619/correction-genome-wide-physical-activity-interactions-in-adiposity-a-meta-analysis-of-200-452-adults
#7
Mariaelisa Graff, Robert A Scott, Anne E Justice, Kristin L Young, Mary F Feitosa, Llilda Barata, Thomas W Winkler, Audrey Y Chu, Anubha Mahajan, David Hadley, Luting Xue, Tsegaselassie Workalemahu, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Marcel den Hoed, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Qibin Qi, Julius S Ngwa, Frida Renström, Lydia Quaye, John D Eicher, James E Hayes, Marilyn Cornelis, Zoltan Kutalik, Elise Lim, Jian'an Luan, Jennifer E Huffman, Weihua Zhang, Wei Zhao, Paula J Griffin, Toomas Haller, Shafqat Ahmad, Pedro M Marques-Vidal, Stephanie Bien, Loic Yengo, Alexander Teumer, Albert Vernon Smith, Meena Kumari, Marie Neergaard Harder, Johanne Marie Justesen, Marcus E Kleber, Mette Hollensted, Kurt Lohman, Natalia V Rivera, John B Whitfield, Jing Hua Zhao, Heather M Stringham, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Charlotte Huppertz, Gonneke Willemsen, Wouter J Peyrot, Ying Wu, Kati Kristiansson, Ayse Demirkan, Myriam Fornage, Maija Hassinen, Lawrence F Bielak, Gemma Cadby, Toshiko Tanaka, Reedik Mägi, Peter J van der Most, Anne U Jackson, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Veronique Vitart, Jonathan Marten, Pau Navarro, Claire Bellis, Dorota Pasko, Åsa Johansson, Søren Snitker, Yu-Ching Cheng, Joel Eriksson, Unhee Lim, Mette Aadahl, Linda S Adair, Najaf Amin, Beverley Balkau, Juha Auvinen, John Beilby, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Alain G Bertoni, John Blangero, Amélie Bonnefond, Lori L Bonnycastle, Judith B Borja, Søren Brage, Fabio Busonero, Steve Buyske, Harry Campbell, Peter S Chines, Francis S Collins, Tanguy Corre, George Davey Smith, Graciela E Delgado, Nicole Dueker, Marcus Dörr, Tapani Ebeling, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tõnu Esko, Jessica D Faul, Mao Fu, Kristine Færch, Christian Gieger, Sven Gläser, Jian Gong, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Harald Grallert, Tanja B Grammer, Niels Grarup, Gerard van Grootheest, Kennet Harald, Nicholas D Hastie, Aki S Havulinna, Dena Hernandez, Lucia Hindorff, Lynne J Hocking, Oddgeir L Holmens, Christina Holzapfel, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Jie Huang, Tao Huang, Jennie Hui, Cornelia Huth, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Alan L James, John-Olov Jansson, Min A Jhun, Markus Juonala, Leena Kinnunen, Heikki A Koistinen, Ivana Kolcic, Pirjo Komulainen, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsti Kvaløy, Mika Kähönen, Timo A Lakka, Lenore J Launer, Benjamin Lehne, Cecilia M Lindgren, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert Luben, Michel Marre, Yuri Milaneschi, Keri L Monda, Grant W Montgomery, Marleen H M De Moor, Antonella Mulas, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, A W Musk, Reija Männikkö, Satu Männistö, Narisu Narisu, Matthias Nauck, Jennifer A Nettleton, Ilja M Nolte, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Ken K Ong, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Lavinia Paternoster, Jeremiah Perez, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ulrike Peters, Patricia A Peyser, Inga Prokopenko, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Rajesh Rawal, Paul M Ridker, Lynda M Rose, Igor Rudan, Cinzia Sarti, Mark A Sarzynski, Kai Savonen, William R Scott, Serena Sanna, Alan R Shuldiner, Steve Sidney, Günther Silbernagel, Blair H Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Harold Snieder, Alena Stančáková, Barbara Sternfeld, Amy J Swift, Tuija Tammelin, Sian-Tsung Tan, Barbara Thorand, Dorothée Thuillier, Liesbeth Vandenput, Henrik Vestergaard, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Marie-Claude Vohl, Uwe Völker, Gérard Waeber, Mark Walker, Sarah Wild, Andrew Wong, Alan F Wright, M Carola Zillikens, Niha Zubair, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Lemarchand, Ulf Gyllensten, Claes Ohlsson, Albert Hofman, Fernando Rivadeneira, André G Uitterlinden, Louis Pérusse, James F Wilson, Caroline Hayward, Ozren Polasek, Francesco Cucca, Kristian Hveem, Catharina A Hartman, Anke Tönjes, Stefania Bandinelli, Lyle J Palmer, Sharon L R Kardia, Rainer Rauramaa, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Veikko Salomaa, Brenda W J H Penninx, Eco J C de Geus, Dorret I Boomsma, Terho Lehtimäki, Massimo Mangino, Markku Laakso, Claude Bouchard, Nicholas G Martin, Diana Kuh, Yongmei Liu, Allan Linneberg, Winfried März, Konstantin Strauch, Mika Kivimäki, Tamara B Harris, Vilmundur Gudnason, Henry Völzke, Lu Qi, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, John C Chambers, Jaspal S Kooner, Philippe Froguel, Charles Kooperberg, Peter Vollenweider, Göran Hallmans, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Andres Metspalu, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, David R Weir, David J Porteous, Eric Boerwinkle, Daniel I Chasman, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Inês Barroso, Mark I McCarthy, Timothy M Frayling, Jeffrey R O'Connell, Cornelia M van Duijn, Michael Boehnke, Iris M Heid, Karen L Mohlke, David P Strachan, Caroline S Fox, Ching-Ti Liu, Joel N Hirschhorn, Robert J Klein, Andrew D Johnson, Ingrid B Borecki, Paul W Franks, Kari E North, L Adrienne Cupples, Ruth J F Loos, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006528.].
August 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827491/pyridostigmine-induced-bradycardia-in-patient-with-musk-ab-positive-myasthenia-gravis-and-alopecia-universalis
#8
Ferdos Nazari, Siamak Abdi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822169/-effect-factors-and-mechanisms-of-borneol-s-bidirectional-regulation-on-blood-brain-barrier-permeability
#9
Hong-Jin Wang, Jun-Jie Wu, Qiang Xue, Ji-Fen Zhang, Xiao-Yu Xu
In recent twenty years, there are a lot of studies about the effect of borneol on permeability of blood-brain barrier(BBB); however, it isDODOrt of regular conclusions of effect factors and in-depth analysis of functional mechanisms. The current researching data were collected and analyzed in this paper for illuminating the effect factors and mechanisms of borneol on permeability of BBB.The following conclusions were obtained: five factors about borneol influencing the permeability of BBB. First, opticity activity of borneol had no significant effect on action effects...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822013/biomonitoring-of-chemicals-in-biota-of-two-wetland-protected-areas-exposed-to-different-levels-of-environmental-impact-results-of-the-previeni-project
#10
Cristiana Guerranti, Guido Perra, Eva Alessi, Davide Baroni, Dante Caserta, Donatella Caserta, Augusto De Sanctis, Emiliano Leonida Fanello, Cinzia La Rocca, Michela Mariottini, Monia Renzi, Sabrina Tait, Carlo Zaghi, Alberto Mantovani, Silvano Ettore Focardi
The PREVIENI project (funded by the Ministry of Environment) investigated the exposure to endocrine disrupters in samples of human population and environmental biota in Italy. The environmental biomonitoring considered two Italian WWF Oasis, with the aim to compare the presence and effects of endocrine disruptors in organisms from two protected natural areas, respectively, upstream and downstream a chemical emission site. Chemical analysis of pollutants' tissue levels was made on tissues from earthworm, barbell, trout, and coot, selected as bioindicator organisms...
August 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821702/pets-in-clinical-trials
#11
Eddie Clutton, Guen Bradbury, David Chennells, Ngaire Dennison, Juliet Duncan, Bryony Few, Paul Flecknell, Huw Golledge, Dorothy McKeegan, Kathy Murphy, Gabrielle C Musk, Polly Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801338/rituximab-as-treatment-for-anti-musk-myasthenia-gravis-multicenter-blinded-prospective-review
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Michael K Hehir, Lisa D Hobson-Webb, Michael Benatar, Carolina Barnett, Nicholas J Silvestri, James F Howard, Diantha Howard, Amy Visser, Brian A Crum, Richard Nowak, Rachel Beekman, Aditya Kumar, Katherine Ruzhansky, I-Hweii Amy Chen, Michael T Pulley, Shannon M LaBoy, Melissa A Fellman, Shane M Greene, Mamatha Pasnoor, Ted M Burns
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of rituximab in treatment of anti-muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS: This was a multicenter, blinded, prospective review, comparing anti-MuSK-positive patients with MG treated with rituximab to those not treated with rituximab. The primary clinical endpoint was the Myasthenia Gravis Status and Treatment Intensity (MGSTI), a novel outcome that combines the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) postintervention status (PIS) and the number and dosages of other immunosuppressant therapies used...
September 5, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799007/comparison-of-passive-sampling-and-biota-for-monitoring-of-tonalide-in-aquatic-environment
#13
Jitka Tumova, Katerina Grabicova, Oksana Golovko, Olga Koba, Vit Kodes, Ganna Fedorova, Roman Grabic, Hana Kocour Kroupova
Synthetic musk compounds are extensively used in personal care and cosmetic products all over the world. Afterwards, they are discharged into the environment mainly because they are not completely removed in wastewater treatment plants. The aim of this study was to investigate if a passive sampler is applicable for the monitoring of tonalide, a polycyclic musk compound, in the aquatic environment and to compare the levels of tonalide in pesticide-polar organic chemical integrative sampler (POCIS) and biota...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796153/optimum-drug-combinations-for-the-sedation-of-growing-boars-prior-to-castration
#14
Heidi S Lehmann, Dominique Blache, Eleanor Drynan, Pema Tshewang, David J C Blignaut, Gabrielle C Musk
Juvenile male pigs were sedated for castration. Eight five-month old boars were sedated twice (two weeks apart) with a combination of detomidine (0.1 mg/kg), midazolam (0.2 mg/kg) and either butorphanol (0.2 mg/kg) (Group MDB, n = 8) or morphine (0.2 mg/kg) (Group MDM, n = 8) intramuscularly. The boars were positioned in lateral recumbency and lidocaine (200 mg total) was injected into the testicle and scrotal skin. Castration of a single testicle was performed on two occasions. Sedation and reaction (to positioning and surgery) scores, pulse rate, respiratory rate, haemoglobin oxygen saturation, body temperature, arterial blood gas parameters and the times to immobility and then recovery were recorded...
August 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782655/on-the-role-of-igg4-in-inflammatory-conditions-lessons-for-igg4-related-disease
#15
REVIEW
David C Trampert, Lowiek M Hubers, Stan F J van de Graaf, Ulrich Beuers
The pathophysiology of immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) and its most common manifestations, IgG4-associated (sclerosing) cholangitis and autoimmune pancreatitis, remains largely unknown, but IgG4 is presumably involved. IgG4 is a promiscuous antibody, which could be directly pathogenic, fulfill a protective role, or could just be a fortuitous marker of an aberrant inflammatory response. IgG4 antibodies possess exclusive structural and functional characteristics suggesting anti-inflammatory and tolerance-inducing effects...
August 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768265/prompt-response-to-prednisone-predicts-benign-course-in-musk-mg
#16
Ozlem Gungor-Tuncer, Vuslat Yilmaz, Alper Toker, Guher Saruhan-Direskeneli, Yesim Gulsen-Parman, Piraye Oflazer-Serdaroglu, Feza Deymeer
BACKGROUND: The difficult course of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) with anti-muscle-specific tyrosine kinase antibodies (MuSK) has been emphasized. However, no clear information is available on patients who have a benign course. METHODS: This study was aimed at comparing patients with favorable (minimal manifestations [MM] or better) and unfavorable outcomes to determine whether excellent response to corticosteroid (CS) treatment within 3 months (good response-3 months) has any predictive effect on the prognosis...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756413/migration-and-work-in-postwar-australia-mortality-profile-comparisons-between-australian-and-italian-workers-exposed-to-blue-asbestos-at-wittenoom
#17
Alison Reid, Enzo Merler, Susan Peters, Nimashi Jayasinghe, Vittoria Bressan, Peter Franklin, Fraser Brims, Nicholas H de Klerk, Arthur W Musk
OBJECTIVES: Three hundred and thirty thousand Italians arrived in Australia between 1945 and 1966, many on assisted passage schemes where the worker agreed to a 2-year unskilled employment contract. Italians were the largest of 52 migrant groups employed at the Wittenoom blue asbestos mining and milling operation. We compare mortality from asbestos-related diseases among Italian and Australian workers employed at Wittenoom. METHODS: A cohort of 6500 male workers was established from employment records and followed up at state and national mortality and cancer registries...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725115/maternal-and-fetal-arterial-blood-gas-data-in-normotensive-singleton-isoflurane-anesthetized-sheep-at-124-126-days-of-gestation
#18
Claire M Loughran, Matthew W Kemp, Gabrielle C Musk
The aim of this case series was to describe the differences between maternal and fetal blood-gas results during anesthesia. Sixteen singleton adult merino ewes weighing 60.1 ± 5.1 kg at 125.7 d (124 to 126 d) gestation were anesthetized. Maternal (radial) and fetal (umbilical) arterial blood gas samples were collected 79 ± 6 min after the start of anesthesia if maternal mean arterial pressure (MAP) was stable and > 65 mmHg. Fetal pH, partial arterial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), glucose, arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SaO2), sodium, and chloride were significantly lower and fetal partial arterial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), lactate, hematocrit, total hemoglobin, potassium, and calcium were significantly higher than maternal blood-gas values...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720153/molecular-characterization-of-moniezia-sichuanensis-in-captive-musk-deer-moschus-berezovskii
#19
J Xu, H Lin, J Chen, Y Cai, W Fu, H Wang, X Gu, W Lai, X Peng, G Yang
The musk deer (Moschus berezovskii) is an economically important species from which musk is extracted and used in perfumes and medicines. Cestodes (parasitic flatworms) of the genus Moniezia are important parasites that infect this endangered species and can cause high mortality in young deer. In 1982, Moniezia (S.) sichuanensis sp. nov. was described from a specimen obtained from wild musk deer. The new species was distinct from the other described species of Moniezia by the sawtooth-shaped interproglottidal glands, the thick vagina and the absence of a cirrus spine...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718435/agrin-to-yap-in-cancer-and-neuromuscular-junctions
#20
Wen-Cheng Xiong, Lin Mei
Agrin is utilized by motor neurons to stimulate the LRP4-MuSK receptor in muscles for neuromuscular junction (NMJ) formation. Recent studies of cancer have identified novel functions of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4-muscle-specific kinase (LRP4-MuSK) pathway. Agrin may act as a mechanotransduction signal in the extracellular matrix (ECM) to coordinate the cross-talk between the LRP4-MuSK pathway and integrin-focal adhesion pathway. Ensuing Yes-associated protein (YAP) activation promotes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
April 2017: Trends in Cancer
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