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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212076/selecting-power-efficient-signal-features-for-a-low-power-fall-detector
#1
Changhong Wang, Stephen Redmond, Wei Lu, Michael Stevens, Stephen Lord, Nigel Lovell
Falls are a serious threat to the health of older people. A wearable fall detector can automatically detect the occurrence of a fall and alert a caregiver or an emergency response service so they may deliver immediate assistance, improving the chances of recovering from fall-related injuries. One constraint of such a wearable technology is its limited battery life. Thus, minimization of power consumption is an important design concern, all the while maintaining satisfactory accuracy of the fall detection algorithms implemented on the wearable device...
February 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199037/stability-and-change-in-patterns-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#2
Carolyn M Pearson, Jonathan Miller, Diann M Ackard, Katie A Loth, Melanie M Wall, Ann F Haynos, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Using a community adolescent sample, we aimed to (a) empirically derive eating disorder (ED) symptom groups, (b) examine the longitudinal stability of those groups over 10 years, and (c) identify risk factors associated with ED group stability and transition through young adulthood. Young people (N = 2,287) from the Project EAT cohort participated at baseline (1998-1999) and at 10-year follow-up (2008-2009). Participants completed anthropometric measures at baseline and self-report surveys on disordered eating symptoms and risk factors at both time points...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187717/which-young-people-in-england-are-most-at-risk-of-an-alcohol-related-revolving-door-readmission-career
#3
Andrew R Hoy
BACKGROUND: This research investigated what Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) records could reveal about the development of problematic drinking careers among young people in England. METHODS: A cohort of 7286 young people (aged 12-18) who had an index alcohol-related emergency admission between April 2003 and March 2004 were investigated for subsequent alcohol-related readmission. Regressions of patient and visit characteristics were performed against measures of readmission...
February 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177954/global-immunizations-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention-worldwide
#4
Janelle L B Macintosh, Lacey M Eden, Karlen E Luthy, Aimee E Schouten
BACKGROUND: Immunizations are one of the most important health interventions of the 20th century, yet people in many areas of the world do not receive adequate immunizations. Approximately 3 million people worldwide die every year from vaccine-preventable diseases; about half of these deaths are young children and infants. Global travel is more common; diseases that were once localized now can be found in communities around the world. PROBLEM: Multiple barriers to immunizations have been identified...
February 7, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#5
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167617/the-medical-reshaping-of-disabled-bodies-as-a-response-to-stigma-and-a-route-to-normality
#6
Janice McLaughlin
Disabled people are said to experience stigma because their embodied presence in the world does not fit with how others interact and use their bodies to be social participants. In response they can turn to medical procedures, such as surgery or physiotherapy, in order to reshape their bodies to more closely approximate norms of social interaction and embodiment. This paper explores how medicine plays a role in attempts to be recognised by others as normal and acceptable by minimising disability. It will do so via a focus on disabled young people, in order to explore how their emerging identities and aspirations for the future influence how they think about their bodies, what normality means and their participation in multiple activities that work on their bodies...
February 6, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167567/environmental-and-psychosocial-barriers-to-and-benefits-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-kenya
#7
Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Lee Smith, Mona Saraiya, Millicent Aketch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in females and is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in Kenya; limited cervical cancer screening services may be a factor. Few studies have examined men's and women's perceptions on environmental and psychosocial barriers and benefits related to screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2014, 60 women aged 25-49 years and 40 male partners participated in 10 focus groups (6 female and 4 male), in both rural and urban settings (Nairobi and Nyanza, Kenya), to explore perceptions about barriers to and benefits of cervical cancer screening...
February 6, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167117/protection-against-alcohol-induced-neuronal-and-cognitive-damage-by-the-ppar%C3%AE-receptor-agonist-pioglitazone
#8
Andrea Cippitelli, Esi Domi, Massimo Ubaldi, James C Douglas, Hong Wu Li, Gregory Demopulos, George Gaitanaris, Marisa Roberto, Paul D Drew, Cynthia J M Kane, Roberto Ciccocioppo
Binge alcohol drinking has emerged as a typical phenomenon in young people. This pattern of drinking, repeatedly leading to extremely high blood and brain alcohol levels and intoxication is associated with severe risks of neurodegeneration and cognitive damage. Mechanisms involved in excitotoxicity and neuroinflammation are pivotal elements in alcohol-induced neurotoxicity. Evidence has demonstrated that PPARγ receptor activation shows anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. Here we examine whether treatment with the PPARγ agonist pioglitazone is beneficial in counteracting neurodegeneration, neuroinflammation and cognitive damage produced by binge alcohol intoxication...
February 3, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159848/cross-sectional-study-examining-the-prevalence-correlates-and-sequencing-of-electronic-cigarette-and-tobacco-use-among-11-16-year-olds-in-schools-in-wales
#9
Elen de Lacy, Adam Fletcher, Gillian Hewitt, Simon Murphy, Graham Moore
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence and frequency of electronic (e)-cigarette use among young people in Wales, associations with socio-demographic characteristics, smoking and other substances and the sequencing of e-cigarette and tobacco use. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of school students in Wales undertaken in 2015. SETTING: 87 secondary schools in Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Students aged 11-16 (n=32 479). RESULTS: Overall, students were nearly twice as likely to report ever using e-cigarettes (18...
February 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152322/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-aerobic-exercise-program-for-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy-in-specialist-schools
#10
Stacey L Cleary, Nicholas F Taylor, Karen J Dodd, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived effects of an aerobic exercise program delivered in specialist schools for young people with cerebral palsy with high support needs. METHODS: In-depth interviews were completed with 8 students with cerebral palsy, 10 parents, 8 teachers and 7 physiotherapists. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and independently coded by two researchers. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Two themes emerged: one about program impact and the second about influential design features...
February 2, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149828/clinically-providing-psycho-social-care-for-caregivers-in-emergency-and-trauma-care-setting-scope-for-medical-and-psychiatric-social-workers
#11
Birudu Raju, Suresh Lukose, Prabu Raj, Krishna Reddy
Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability in young people. TBI is associated with increased mortality, morbidity, and socioeconomic loss, especially in developing countries such as India. It is creating damage to the psychosocial well-being of caregiver and their family members significantly. Caregivers' informational, educational, psychosocial problems are still overlooked and unaddressed. Providing psychosocial interventions such as educating caregivers about TBI-related consequences, increasing social support, mobilization of resources for the needy, and dealing with psychological stress will be beneficial to reduce the caregiver burden...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145026/self-reported-regular-alcohol-consumption-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-neglected-risk-factor-for-diabetic-ketoacidosis-multicenter-analysis-of-29-630-patients-from-the-dpv-registry
#12
Julia M Hermann, Michael Meusers, Rainer Bachran, Ursula Kuhnle-Krahl, Norbert Jorch, Sabine E Hofer, Reinhard W Holl
BACKGROUND: The risk of hypoglycemia increases after alcohol consumption in patients with type 1 diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the association between metabolic control and self-reported alcohol consumption in young patients with type 1 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: N = 29 630 patients with type 1 diabetes aged 12 to <30 years (median age 17.0 [14.9, 18.3] years, duration of diabetes 6.8 [3.3, 10.9] years, 53% male) from the German/Austrian DPV registry were analyzed...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130806/do-spouse-caregivers-of-young-and-older-persons-with-dementia-have-different-needs-a-comparative-study
#13
Emilie Wawrziczny, Florence Pasquier, Francine Ducharme, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Pascal Antoine
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the needs of spouse caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) and then to compare them based on the PWD's age at disease onset. This data could be used to adapt support programmes to address differences between the two groups. METHOD: Thirty-eight spouse caregivers of persons with late-onset dementia and 40 spouse caregivers of persons with early-onset dementia (PEOD) agreed to participate in the study. The mean ± SD age of the PEOD was 57...
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127907/persistence-of-psychosis-spectrum-symptoms-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort-a-prospective-two-year-follow-up
#14
Monica E Calkins, Tyler M Moore, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Daniel H Wolf, Bruce I Turetsky, David R Roalf, Kathleen R Merikangas, Kosha Ruparel, Christian G Kohler, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
Prospective evaluation of youths with early psychotic-like experiences can enrich our knowledge of clinical, biobehavioral and environmental risk and protective factors associated with the development of psychotic disorders. We aimed to investigate the predictors of persistence or worsening of psychosis spectrum features among US youth through the first large systematic study to evaluate subclinical symptoms in the community. Based on Time 1 screen of 9,498 youth (age 8-21) from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort, a subsample of participants was enrolled based on the presence (N=249) or absence (N=254) of baseline psychosis spectrum symptoms, prior participation in neuroimaging, and current neuroimaging eligibility...
February 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124295/psychosocial-morbidity-in-tp53-mutation-carriers-is-whole-body-cancer-screening-beneficial
#15
Kate A McBride, Mandy L Ballinger, Timothy E Schlub, Mary-Anne Young, Martin H N Tattersall, Judy Kirk, Ros Eeles, Emma Killick, Leslie G Walker, Sue Shanley, David M Thomas, Gillian Mitchell
Germline TP53 mutation carriers are at high risk of developing a range of cancers. Effective cancer risk management is an important issue for these individuals. We assessed the psychosocial impact in TP53 mutation carriers of WB-MRI screening as part of the Surveillance in Multi-Organ Cancer (SMOC+) protocol, measuring their unmet needs, anxiety and depression levels as well as cancer worry using psychological questionnaires and in-depth interviews about their experiences of screening. We present preliminary psychosocial findings from 17 participants during their first 12 months on the trial...
January 25, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124211/youth-from-fundamentalist-societies-what-are-their-attitudes-toward-war-and-peace-and-their-relations-with-anxiety-reactions
#16
Tehila Kalagy, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Sara Abu-Kaf
The present study was conducted during "Protective Edge," a long-lasting military operation between the State of Israel and Hamas in Gaza, during which hundreds of rockets were fired from Gaza into various regions across the country. At the same time, Israeli forces bombed Gaza and sent in ground forces. The military operation ended after 50 days of fighting, with a cease-fire between the warring sides. The aim of this study was to compare attitudes and perceptions of youth from different religious fundamentalist societies, toward the war and their readiness for peace during this specific violent struggle, and attitudes toward the Israeli-Palestinian (I-P) conflict in general...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096067/assessing-the-quality-feasibility-and-efficacy-of-electronic-patient-platforms-designed-to-support-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Gemma Pugh, Lisa McCann
BACKGROUND: A range of innovative websites, mobile technologies, eHealth and mHealth platforms have emerged to support adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Previous reviews have identified these various applications and solutions, but no review has summarized the quality, feasibility, and efficacy of existing patient platforms (inclusive of websites, mobile technologies, mHealth and eHealth platforms) developed specifically for young people with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the design of a protocol to conduct a review of published studies or reports which describe or report on an existing platform designed specifically for AYAs who have had a cancer diagnosis...
January 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095855/meet-us-on-the-phone-mobile-phone-programs-for-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-low-to-middle-income-countries
#19
REVIEW
Nicole B Ippoliti, Kelly L'Engle
INTRODUCTION: mHealth as a technical area has seen increasing interest and promise from both developed and developing countries. While published research from higher income countries on mHealth solutions for adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is growing, there is much less documentation of SRH mHealth interventions for youth living in resource-poor settings. We conducted a global landscape analysis to answer the following research question: How are programs using mHealth interventions to improve adolescent SRH in low to middle income countries (LMICs)? METHODS: To obtain the latest information about mHealth programs targeting youth SRH, a global call for project resources was issued in 2014...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092242/-prehospital-emergency-care-injuries-from-external-causes-in-a-region-of-venezuela
#20
Rafael Herrera, Daniel Bastidas, Everilda Arteaga, Gilberto Bastidas
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, approximately 3 500 000 people die every year as a result of injuries from external causes, in Venezuela these arte the third leading cause of overall morbidity. Nevertheless, in the country there are no records of the defining aspects of prehospital emergency care as a tool to address this socio-health problem, the aim of this investigation. METHODS: A descriptive, transversal, field study based on the information recorded daily for a year paramedics was performed...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
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