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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096067/assessing-the-quality-feasibility-and-efficacy-of-electronic-patient-platforms-designed-to-support-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Gemma Pugh, Lisa McCann
BACKGROUND: A range of innovative websites, mobile technologies, eHealth and mHealth platforms have emerged to support adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Previous reviews have identified these various applications and solutions, but no review has summarized the quality, feasibility, and efficacy of existing patient platforms (inclusive of websites, mobile technologies, mHealth and eHealth platforms) developed specifically for young people with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the design of a protocol to conduct a review of published studies or reports which describe or report on an existing platform designed specifically for AYAs who have had a cancer diagnosis...
January 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095855/meet-us-on-the-phone-mobile-phone-programs-for-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-low-to-middle-income-countries
#2
REVIEW
Nicole B Ippoliti, Kelly L'Engle
INTRODUCTION: mHealth as a technical area has seen increasing interest and promise from both developed and developing countries. While published research from higher income countries on mHealth solutions for adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is growing, there is much less documentation of SRH mHealth interventions for youth living in resource-poor settings. We conducted a global landscape analysis to answer the following research question: How are programs using mHealth interventions to improve adolescent SRH in low to middle income countries (LMICs)? METHODS: To obtain the latest information about mHealth programs targeting youth SRH, a global call for project resources was issued in 2014...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092242/-prehospital-emergency-care-injuries-from-external-causes-in-a-region-of-venezuela
#3
Rafael Herrera, Daniel Bastidas, Everilda Arteaga, Gilberto Bastidas
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, approximately 3 500 000 people die every year as a result of injuries from external causes, in Venezuela these arte the third leading cause of overall morbidity. Nevertheless, in the country there are no records of the defining aspects of prehospital emergency care as a tool to address this socio-health problem, the aim of this investigation. METHODS: A descriptive, transversal, field study based on the information recorded daily for a year paramedics was performed...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079282/troubling-issues-at-the-frontier-of-animal-tracking-for-conservation-and-management
#4
Steven J Cooke, Vivian M Nguyen, Steven T Kessel, Nigel E Hussey, Nathan Young, Adam T Ford
Developments in electronic tagging and tracking, including biotelemetry and biologging, have provided unprecedented insight into the ecology of wild animals (Cooke et al. 2004) and revealed hidden movement patterns, habitat associations, animal-environment interactions, and mortality rates for even the most cryptic of species (Hussey et al. 2015; Kays et al. 2015). Natural history, ecology (including movement ecology), conservation, and resource management have all benefitted from the application of this technology...
January 12, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075713/an-activist-approach-to-sport-meets-youth-from-socially-vulnerable-backgrounds-possible-learning-aspirations
#5
Carla Luguetti, Kimberly L Oliver, Luiz Eduardo Pinto Basto Tourinho Dantas, David Kirk
PURPOSE: This study was a 2-phase activist research project aimed at co-creating a prototype pedagogical model for working with youth from socially vulnerable backgrounds in a sport context. This article addresses the learning aspirations (learning outcomes) that emerged when we created spaces for youth to develop strategies to manage the risks they face in their community. METHOD: This study took place in a socially and economically disadvantaged neighborhood in a Brazilian city where we worked with a group of 17 boys aged 13 to 15 years old, 4 coaches, a pedagogic coordinator, and a social worker...
January 11, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063599/-risk-factors-and-psychological-vulnerabilities-to-binge-drinking-in-youth
#6
E De Wever, V Quaglino
For years, a large number of studies have demonstrated the harmful effects of alcohol consumption on the brain and therefore on behavior and cognition. These studies first aimed at identifying the consequences of alcohol abuse consumption, more specifically in pathologies such as alcohol-dependence or Korsakoff syndrome. Researchers then also started to focus on vulnerabilities to alcohol consumption, especially in hyper fast alcohol consumption called binge-drinking (BD). Indeed BD, which is a particularly dangerous form of alcohol consumption, is usually observed in adolescents and young adults...
January 4, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056031/do-two-screening-tools-for-chikungunya-virus-infection-that-were-developed-among-younger-population-work-equally-as-well-in-patients-aged-over-65-years
#7
Lidvine Godaert, Fatiha Najioullah, Lionel Bousquet, Thomas Malmontet, Benoît Fournet, Raymond Césaire, Jean-Luc Fanon, Moustapha Dramé
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya is an endemo-epidemic infection, which is still considered as an emerging public health problem. The aim of this study was to evaluate in a 65+ population, the accuracy of two chikungunya screening scores that were developed in younger people. METHODS: It was performed in the Martinique University Hospitals from retrospective cases. Patients were 65+, admitted to acute care units, for suspected Chikungunya virus infection (CVI) in 2014, with biological testing using Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054796/robust-social-categorization-emerges-from-learning-the-identities-of-very-few-faces
#8
Robin S S Kramer, Andrew W Young, Matthew G Day, A Mike Burton
Viewers are highly accurate at recognizing sex and race from faces-though it remains unclear how this is achieved. Recognition of familiar faces is also highly accurate across a very large range of viewing conditions, despite the difficulty of the problem. Here we show that computation of sex and race can emerge incidentally from a system designed to compute identity. We emphasize the role of multiple encounters with a small number of people, which we take to underlie human face learning. We use highly variable everyday 'ambient' images of a few people to train a Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) model on identity...
January 5, 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046080/the-annual-burden-of-seasonal-influenza-in-the-us-veterans-affairs-population
#9
Yinong Young-Xu, Robertus van Aalst, Ellyn Russo, Jason K H Lee, Ayman Chit
Seasonal influenza epidemics have a substantial public health and economic burden in the United States (US). On average, over 200,000 people are hospitalized and an estimated 23,000 people die from respiratory and circulatory complications associated with seasonal influenza virus infections each year. Annual direct medical costs and indirect productivity costs across the US have been found to average respectively at $10.4 billion and $16.3 billion. The objective of this study was to estimate the economic impact of severe influenza-induced illness on the US Veterans Affairs population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025018/pharmacy-provision-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-commodities-to-young-people-a-systematic-literature-review-and-synthesis-of-the-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Lianne Gonsalves, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature on youth access to, use of and quality of care of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) commodities through pharmacies. METHODS: Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol, we searched for publications from 2000 to 2016. To be eligible for inclusion, articles had to address the experiences of young people (aged 25 years and below) accessing SRH commodities (e...
December 23, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007794/mere-mortals-overselling-the-young-invincibles
#11
Deborah Levine, Jessica Mulligan
This article traces the emergence of the term "young invincible" in health policy literature, the health insurance industry, and popular media. Young invincible is the label given to adults under thirty-five who opt not to purchase health insurance because they perceive that they will not need it and would rather spend their money elsewhere. As uninsurance rates climbed, policy makers tried to figure out who the uninsured were and why they lacked coverage. Young adults rightly assumed importance in these conversations because they were disproportionately represented among the uninsured and their numbers were growing...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007293/centripetal-and-centrifugal-forces-in-the-moral-circle-competing-constraints-on-moral-learning
#12
Jesse Graham, Adam Waytz, Peter Meindl, Ravi Iyer, Liane Young
The idea of the moral circle pictures the self in the center, surrounded by concentric circles encompassing increasingly distant possible targets of moral concern, including family, local community, nation, all humans, all mammals, all living things including plants, and all things including inanimate objects. The authors develop the idea of two opposing forces in people's moral circles, with centripetal forces pulling inward, urging greater concern for close others than for distant others, and centrifugal forces pushing outward, resisting "drawing the line" anywhere as a form of prejudice and urging egalitarian concern for all regardless of social distance...
December 19, 2016: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994220/structural-dysconnectivity-of-key-cognitive-and-emotional-hubs-in-young-people-at-high-genetic-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#13
G Roberts, A Perry, A Lord, A Frankland, V Leung, E Holmes-Preston, F Levy, R K Lenroot, P B Mitchell, M Breakspear
Emerging evidence suggests that psychiatric disorders are associated with disturbances in structural brain networks. Little is known, however, about brain networks in those at high risk (HR) of bipolar disorder (BD), with such disturbances carrying substantial predictive and etiological value. Whole-brain tractography was performed on diffusion-weighted images acquired from 84 unaffected HR individuals with at least one first-degree relative with BD, 38 young patients with BD and 96 matched controls (CNs) with no family history of mental illness...
December 20, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982701/dutch-adolescents-motives-perceptions-and-reflections-toward-sex-related-internet-use-results-of-a-web-based-focus-group-study
#14
Suzan M Doornwaard, Fedde den Boer, Ine Vanwesenbeeck, Carol H C J van Nijnatten, Tom F M Ter Bogt, Regina J J M van den Eijnden
The Internet offers adolescents unique opportunities to actively shape their own sexual media environment. The aim of this study was to gain in-depth insight into Dutch adolescents' motives, perceptions, and reflections toward Internet use for (a) finding information or advice related to romance and sexuality; (b) searching for and viewing pornographic or erotic material; and (c) romantic and sexual communication (i.e., cybersex/sexting). Data were collected through 12 Web-based focus groups (36 adolescents aged 16 to 19 years, 72...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965286/identifying-and-creating-the-next-generation-of-community-based-cancer-prevention-studies-summary-of-a-national-cancer-institute-think-tank
#15
Worta McCaskill-Stevens, Deborah Pearson, Barnett S Kramer, Leslie Ford, Scott M Lippman
In late 2015, The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Division of Cancer Prevention convened cancer prevention research experts and stakeholders to discuss the current state of cancer prevention research, identify key prevention research priorities for the NCI, and identify studies that could be conducted within the NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP). Goals included identifying cancer prevention research opportunities offering the highest return on investment, exploring the concept of precision prevention and what is needed to advance this area of research, and identifying possible targets for prevention...
December 13, 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957491/teaching-life-saving-manoeuvres-in-primary-school
#16
Sara Calicchia, Giovanna Cangiano, Silvia Capanna, Mariangela De Rosa, Bruno Papaleo
Introduction. In the event of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) early intervention provided by a layperson can be life-saving. Teaching first aid in primary school may increase the lifelong ability and motivation of young people to take action in an emergency. Objective. The aim of this article is to report a training experience on BLSD (Basic Life Support and Defibrillation) designed for a group of pupils in an Italian primary school, with assessment of its effectiveness at a distance. Methods. The assessment was carried out using a multiple choice questionnaire on a sample of 130 pupils aged 11-12, 62 trained in BLSD and 68 as a control group...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942255/validation-of-the-portuguese-dsm-iv-mr-j
#17
Filipa Calado, Joana Alexandre, Mark D Griffiths
Youth problem gambling is viewed as an emergent public health issue in many countries, and is also an emerging area of public concern in Portugal. However, there is currently no Portuguese instrument that focuses specifically on the measurement of problem gambling among young people. Consequently, the present study aimed to validate the DSM-IV-MR-J for use among Portuguese adolescents and to examine its' psychometric properties. A cross-cultural adaption of this instrument to the Portuguese language was performed using the translation and back translation method...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936331/parenting-emerging-adults-who-game-excessively-parents-lived-experiences
#18
Linda L H Russell, Elizabeth I Johnson
Excessive gaming among emerging adults is a growing concern, especially in cases where it interferes with key developmental milestones such as gaining an education or establishing a career. Although researchers have begun to understand the effects of excessive gaming on young people themselves, we know remarkably little about how emerging adults' gaming may affect family relationships. Utilizing phenomenological interviewing of parents of emerging adult sons who game excessively, this study presents a rich description of the experience of parenting a young adult who games excessively...
January 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933284/-we-sometimes-hold-on-to-ours-professionals-views-on-factors-that-both-delay-and-facilitate-transition-to-adult-care
#19
Susie Aldiss, Hilary Cass, Judith Ellis, Faith Gibson
BACKGROUND: The transition from child to adult services is a crucial time in the health of young people who may potentially fall into a poorly managed "care gap." Health service provision, which fails to meet the needs of young people and families at this time of significant change, may result in deterioration in health or disengagement with services, which can have negative long-term consequences. Developing transitional care packages has become a focus of activity in the United Kingdom and elsewhere...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931171/-behaving-well-the-transition-to-respectable-womanhood-in-rural-south-africa
#20
Christie Sennott, Sanyu A Mojola
Few studies of the transition to adulthood in Africa analyse young people's own definitions of the events that confer adult status, and how adulthood is actually attained. This paper examines the experience of transitioning to womanhood in rural Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, drawing on interviews with 18 women aged 18-39. Three primary experiences characterised this transition: puberty and emerging body awareness, spending time with boys, and having a child. More important than the timing of these experiences, however, was whether women 'behaved well' and maintained respectability as they transitioned to adulthood...
December 9, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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