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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221610/alcohol-misuse-and-injury-outcomes-in-young-people-aged-10-24
#1
Louise Lester, Ruth Baker, Carol Coupland, Elizabeth Orton
PURPOSE: The burden of alcohol-attributable disease is a global problem. Young people often present to emergency health-care services with alcohol intoxication but little is known about how best to intervene at that point to improve future health outcomes. This study aimed to assess whether young people with an alcohol-specific hospital admission are at increased risk of injury following discharge. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted using a general population of 10- to 24-year-olds identified using primary care medical records with linked hospital admission records between 1998 and 2013...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216557/subcortical-volumetric-differences-between-clinical-stages-of-young-people-with-affective-and-psychotic-disorders
#2
Peta S Eggins, Sean N Hatton, Daniel F Hermens, Ian B Hickie, Jim Lagopoulos
The aim of this study was to investigate differences in subcortical and hippocampal volumes between healthy controls, young people at an early stage of affective and psychotic disorders and those in more advanced stages, to identify markers associated with functional outcomes and illness severity. Young people presenting to youth mental health services with admixtures of depressive, manic and psychotic symptoms (n = 141), and healthy counterparts (n = 49), aged 18-25 were recruited. Participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging, clinical assessments and were rated as to their current clinical stage...
November 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214929/-for-me-pressure-at-school-is-the-most-relevant-in-my-life-empirical-based-implications-for-life-world-orientation-in-health-promotion-at-school
#3
Anna Lena Rademaker
"For me, Pressure at School is the Most Relevant in my Life" - Empirical Based Implications for Life World Orientation in Health Promotion at School School is a key system that supports all processes of adolescent development. Next to qualification, as one part of personality development, all developmental tasks of adolescence can take place within the school environment, through close interplay. This interplay both influences, and is influenced by young people's health which is essential to promote adolescent development and foster wellbeing in everyday life for young people...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202862/coping-with-unusual-experiences-for-12-18-year-olds-cues-a-transdiagnostic-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-therapy-in-reducing-distress-associated-with-unusual-experiences-in-adolescent-mental-health-services-study-protocol-for
#4
Suzanne Jolley, Sophie Browning, Richard Corrigall, Kristin R Laurens, Colette Hirsch, Karen Bracegirdle, Kimberley Gin, Francesca Muccio, Catherine Stewart, Partha Banerjea, Elizabeth Kuipers, Philippa Garety, Majella Byrne, Juliana Onwumere, Evanthia Achilla, Paul McCrone, Richard Emsley
BACKGROUND: Childhood 'unusual experiences' (such as hearing voices that others cannot, or suspicions of being followed) are common, but can become more distressing during adolescence, especially for young people in contact with Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). Unusual experiences that are distressing or have adverse life impact (UEDs) are associated with a range of current and future emotional, behavioural and mental health difficulties. Recommendations for psychological intervention are based on evidence from adult studies, with some support from small, pilot, child-specific evaluations...
December 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202085/body-weight-misperception-and-psychological-distress-among-young-south-korean-adults-the-role-of-physical-activity
#5
Eun-Young Lee, Maxine Myre, Jongnam Hwang, Heeran Chun, Eunchul Seo, Roman Pabayo, John C Spence
Background: Emerging evidence suggests that body weight misperception may be associated with psychological distress among people in developed countries. Participating in physical activity (PA) may negate the association between weight misperception and psychological distress given the well-known benefits of PA on psychological health. This study examined the role of PA in associations between body weight misperception and psychological distress among young South Korean adults. Methods: Data from individuals aged 20 to 39 years who participated in the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2010-2012 (N = 6055) was included in the logistic regressions...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199476/sexual-violence-victimization-among-youth-presenting-to-an-urban-emergency-department-the-role-of-violence-exposure-in-predicting-risk
#6
Andria B Eisman, Quyen M Ngo, Yasamin Y Kusunoki, Erin E Bonar, Marc A Zimmerman PhD, Rebecca M Cunningham Md, Maureen A Walton PhD Mph
Sexual violence (SV) is a widespread public health problem among adolescents and emerging adults with significant short- and long-term consequences. Young people living in urban, disadvantaged communities with high rates of violence may be especially at risk for SV victimization. Understanding interconnections between different forms of violence is critical to reducing SV risk among youth. Participants were youth ( N = 599) ages 14 to 24 years ( M = 20.05, SD = 2.42) presenting to an urban emergency department with a Level 1 trauma designation as part of a prospective cohort study and followed-up for 24 months...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198098/role-of-local-government-in-responding-to-environmental-health-challenges-a-case-study-of-chungnam
#7
Hyung-Nam Myung, Hoo-Young Lee
The purpose of this study is to introduce the establishment process, policy target, and projects for "Chungnam's master plan on environmental health policy (2017-2020)" as the local government's role in addressing local environmental health challenges. We first analyzed existing studies and social issues on the media related to "Chungnam's master plan" to understand Chungnam's environmental health status and discussed domestic and international policy trends and related plans. An environmental health perception questionnaire survey and a Delphi expert questionnaire survey were conducted among provincial residents to collect various actors' opinions on Chungnam's environmental health issues and policy...
November 24, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182761/sugar-and-aldehyde-content-in-flavored-electronic-cigarette-liquids
#8
Pebbles Fagan, Pallav Pokhrel, Thaddeus A Herzog, Eric T Moolchan, Kevin D Cassel, Adrian A Franke, Xingnan Li, Ian Pagano, Dennis R Trinidad, Kari-Lyn K Sakuma, Kymberle Sterling, Dorothy Jorgensen, Tania Lynch, Crissy Kawamoto, Mignonne C Guy, Ian Lagua, Sarah Hanes, Linda A Alexander, Mark S Clanton, Camonia Graham-Tutt, Thomas Eissenberg
Introduction: Sugars are major constituents and additives in traditional tobacco products, but little is known about their content or related toxins (formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein) in electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) liquids. This study quantified levels of sugars and aldehydes in e-cigarette liquids across brands, flavors, and nicotine concentrations (n = 66). Methods: Unheated e-cigarette liquids were analyzed using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry and enzymatic test kits...
November 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181092/efficacy-of-multisystemic-therapy-in-youths-aged-10-17-with-severe-antisocial-behaviour-and-emotional-disorders-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Jia Xuan Tan, Maria Lourdes Restrepo Fajardo
Background: Antisocial behaviour and conduct disorders are the most common behavioural and mental health problems in children and young people globally. An efficacious intervention is needed to manage these antisocial behaviours that have costly consequences. Multisystemic Therapy (MST), an intensive home-based intervention for youths with psychosocial and behavioural problems, is recommended under National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines for conduct disorder. However, reviews on the efficacy of MST are mixed...
November 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181006/protective-effect-of-panax-notoginseng-root-water-extract-against-influenza-a-virus-infection-by-enhancing-antiviral-interferon-mediated-immune-responses-and-natural-killer-cell-activity
#10
Jang-Gi Choi, Young-Hee Jin, Heeeun Lee, Tae Woo Oh, Nam-Hui Yim, Won-Kyung Cho, Jin Yeul Ma
Influenza is an acute respiratory illness caused by the influenza A virus, which causes economic losses and social disruption mainly by increasing hospitalization and mortality rates among the elderly and people with chronic diseases. Influenza vaccines are the most effective means of preventing seasonal influenza, but can be completely ineffective if there is an antigenic mismatch between the seasonal vaccine virus and the virus circulating in the community. In addition, influenza viruses resistant to antiviral drugs are emerging worldwide...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176038/the-effect-of-age-on-balancing-behavior-complexity-analysis-of-mediolateral-force-trajectories
#11
Allison Leich Hilbun, Istvan Karsai
We quantified, via complexity analysis, the postural stability of healthy people from a wide age range. Thirty-five healthy people aged 18-72 performed three tasks while balancing on one foot on a force plate: standard balancing task, mental task (balancing while answering basic arithmetic questions), and knot-tying task (balancing while tying two knots in a piece of ribbon). Mediolateral force trajectories were analyzed to determine control strategy via Hurst exponents, Lyapunov exponents, Root Mean Square, and Kolmogorov complexity, and phase-space plots...
November 26, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171779/five-year-forward-view-lessons-from-emergency-care-at-the-extremes-of-age
#12
J S Minhas, D Minhas, T Coats, J Banerjee, D Roland
Objective The progressive rise in demand on NHS emergency care resources is partly attributable to increases in attendances of children and older people. A quality gap exists in the care provision for the old and the young. The Five Year Forward View suggested new models of care but that the "answer is not one-size-fits-all". This article discusses the urgent need for person-centred outcome measures to bridge the gap that exists between demand and provision. Design This review is based on evidence gathered from literature searching across several platforms using a variety of search terms to account for the obvious heterogeneity, drawing on key 'think-tank' evidence...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170336/39%C3%A2-violence-intervention-and-prevention-in-emergency-rooms-the-viper-study
#13
James Price, Michael Martin, Jon Dean, Haroon Ahmed, Matthew Waite, Adrian Boyle
BACKGROUND: Nearly half a million people are killed each year as a consequence of intentional injury and many more seriously injured. Information sharing by Emergency Departments with local government for crime prevention purposes has previously been described as an effective, cost effective, low cost and low risk intervention for tackling community violence. The UK Department of Health and the Home Office support this process known as the Information Sharing to Tackle Violence (ISTV) program...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170305/8%C3%A2-different-approaches-needed-to-manage-ed-demand-among-different-age-groups
#14
Melanie Rimmer, Suzanne Ablard, Colin O'Keeffe, Suzanne Mason
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A variety of interventions have been proposed to manage rising demand for Emergency and Urgent Care, described by an NHS England review as unsustainable in the long term. However it is unlikely that any suggested approach will be equally suitable for the diverse population of ED users.We aimed to understand the patterns of demand amongst different types of patients attending ED. We also sought to understand the intended and unintended effects of demand management initiatives...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169378/network-methods-to-support-user-involvement-in-qualitative-data-analyses-an-introduction-to-participatory-theme-elicitation
#15
Paul Best, Jennifer Badham, Rekesh Corepal, Roisin F O'Neill, Mark A Tully, Frank Kee, Ruth F Hunter
BACKGROUND: While Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) is encouraged throughout the research process, engagement is typically limited to intervention design and post-analysis stages. There are few approaches to participatory data analyses within complex health interventions. METHODS: Using qualitative data from a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT), this proof-of-concept study tests the value of a new approach to participatory data analysis called Participatory Theme Elicitation (PTE)...
November 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168954/social-mobilization-for-safe-transition-from-adolescence-a-qualitative-research-in-iran
#16
Nezal Azh, Fatemeh Nahidi, Giti Ozgoli, Gelayol Ardalan
Introduction Until now, the services provided to Iranian youth have been prepared based on authorities' perspectives and according to the resources and reports from other countries and international agencies. Using youth perspectives to provide health, however, helps in continuing the process of providing health services, and most young people will receive these services. Objective To explain perception of youth and key individuals to improve health programs for safe transition in Iran. Methodology This study is a qualitative research with a grounded theory approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164495/the-clinical-trajectory-of-emerging-bipolar-disorder-among-the-high-risk-offspring-of-bipolar-parents-current-understanding-and-future-considerations
#17
REVIEW
A Duffy, C Vandeleur, N Heffer, M Preisig
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about the onset of bipolar disorder, yet the early illness course is already associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Therefore, characterizing the bipolar illness trajectory is key to risk prediction and early intervention advancement. MAIN BODY: In this narrative review, we discuss key findings from prospective longitudinal studies of the high-risk offspring of bipolar parents and related meta-analyses that inform us about the clinical trajectory of emerging bipolar disorder...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161886/perceived-barriers-and-enablers-of-help-seeking-for-substance-use-problems-during-adolescence
#18
Bonita J Berridge, Terence V McCann, Ali Cheetham, Dan I Lubman
AIM: Receiving professional help early can reduce long-term harms associated with substance use. However, little is known about the factors that influence help-seeking for substance use problems during early-mid adolescence, prior to the emergence of disorder. Given that beliefs regarding help-seeking are likely to develop early, understanding adolescent views of help-seeking during this period is likely to provide important information for prevention and intervention efforts. The current study identifies perceptions that would facilitate or prevent adolescents from seeking support for substance use problems from formal and informal help sources...
February 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154930/suicide-attempts-in-children-and-adolescents-the-place-of-clock-genes-and-early-rhythm-dysfunction
#19
Bertrand Olliac, Lisa Ouss, Annaëlle Charrier
Suicide remains one of the leading causes of death among young people, and suicidal ideation and behavior are relatively common in healthy and clinical populations. Suicide risk in childhood and adolescence is often approached from the perspective of nosographic categories to which predictive variables for suicidal acts are often linked. The cascading effects resulting from altered clock genes in a pediatric population could participate in biological rhythm abnormalities and the emergence of suicide attempts through impaired regulation of circadian rhythms and emotional states with neurodevelopmental effects...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#20
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
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