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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931168/socio-cultural-norms-and-roles-in-the-use-and-abuse-of-alcohol-among-members-of-a-rural-community-in-southeast-nigeria
#1
E N Nwagu, S I C Dibia, A N Odo
Social influences together with local cultural norms are central factors that can influence the use of alcohol. The study, therefore, identified socio-cultural norms and roles capable of influencing alcohol use among young people in an alcohol producing community, in Nigeria. We used qualitative technique - focused group discussions among selected key persons in the area of study. Three groups; adult males, adult females and youths were engaged in discussions around the themes of socio-cultural; norms, roles, beliefs, values and practices that influences alcohol abuse...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929413/accessing-support-before-or-after-a-parent-dies-from-cancer-and-young-people-s-current-wellbeing
#2
A Varathakeyan, F E J McDonald, P Patterson, K Nicholson Perry, K R Allison
PURPOSE: To examine differences in distress and unmet needs between bereaved adolescent and young adult (AYA) offspring who accessed support before and after being bereaved by parental cancer, and to explore aspects of their cancer experience that influenced their help-seeking. METHODS: Phase 1: Surveys completed by AYAs (11-26 years) bereaved by parental cancer were subjected to analysis of covariance examining differences in distress and unmet needs between those who accessed support before (n = 159) and after (n = 212) parental bereavement...
September 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928312/getting-real-with-the-upcoming-challenge-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-the-way-forward-for-the-south-east-asia-region
#3
REVIEW
Jagdish Kaur, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are being marketed to tobacco smokers for use in places where smoking is not allowed or as aids similar to pharmaceutical nicotine products to help cigarette smokers quit tobacco use. These are often flavored to make them more attractive for youth - ENDS use may lead young nonsmokers to take up tobacco products. Neither safety nor efficacy as a cessation aid of ENDS has been scientifically demonstrated. The adverse health effects of secondhand aerosol cannot be ruled out...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918957/introduction-to-the-2017-founders-lecture-of-the-association-for-academic-surgery
#4
Francis Charles Brunicardi, Mitra Jamshidian
This year's Founders' Lecture will focus on the founding and history of the Association for Academic Surgery (AAS), as presented by five past presidents. The lecture will give the readers a unique and condensed perspective on the remarkable history of the AAS. The AAS was founded in 1967 by Dr George Zuidema with the mission to offer young academic surgeons an inclusive forum for discussion about surgical research and the opportunity for professional growth.1 Since its establishment in 1966, with a membership of only 33 people,1the organization has grown into a diverse international organization with over 2800 members...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910245/trends-in-emergency-department-visits-for-non-traumatic-dental-conditions-in-ontario-from-2006-to-2014
#5
Sonica Singhal, Lindsay McLaren, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, non-traumatic dental conditions (NTDCs) presenting in emergency departments (EDs) are dealt with by non-dental professionals who are generally not equipped to deal with such emergencies, resulting in an inefficient usage of heath care resources. This study aimed to assess the burden of ED visits for NTDCs in Ontario by observing trends from 2006 to 2014. METHODS: Aggregate data for Ontario were obtained from the Canadian Institute for Health Information's National Ambulatory Care Reporting System...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901596/merging-arts-and-bioethics-an-interdisciplinary-experiment-in-cultural-and-scientific-mediation
#6
Vincent Couture, Jean-Christophe Bélisle-Pipon, Marianne Cloutier, Catherine Barnabé
How to engage the public in a reflection on the most pressing ethical issues of our time? What if part of the solution lies in adopting an interdisciplinary and collaborative strategy to shed light on critical issues in bioethics? An example is Art + Bioéthique, an innovative project that brought together bioethicists, art historians and artists with the aim of expressing bioethics through arts in order to convey the "sensitive" aspect of many health ethics issues. The aim of this project was threefold: 1) to identify and characterize mechanisms for the meeting of arts and bioethics; 2) to experiment with and co-construct a dialogue between arts and bioethics; and 3) to initiate a public discussion on bioethical issues through the blending of arts and bioethics...
October 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899223/triggers-for-attempted-suicide-in-istanbul-youth-with-special-reference-to-their-socio-demographic-background
#7
Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci, Nestor D Kapusta, Dietmar Winkler, Oswald D Kothgassner, Christian Popow, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal behavior of young people is a topic of utmost importance because suicide is irreversible, and should be prevented. Knowing about the psychosocial background and the triggering events could help in preventing suicidal behavior. We therefore aimed at identifying psychosocial factors that may trigger suicidal behavior in youth. METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the standardized records of 2232 youths aged ≤25 years, who were treated after a suicide attempt at emergency units of public hospitals in Istanbul, Turkey during a period of 1 year...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895262/physical-and-mental-health-of-young-people-with-and-without-intellectual-disabilities-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-whole-country-population
#8
G Young-Southward, E Rydzewska, C Philo, S-A Cooper
BACKGROUND: Transition to adulthood may be a period of vulnerability for health for individuals with intellectual disabilities. No large-scale studies have compared the health of individuals with and without intellectual disabilities undergoing transition. The aims of this study were (1) to compare health during transition for individuals with and without intellectual disabilities across a whole country population and (2) to establish whether transition is associated with health in the population with intellectual disabilities...
October 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895024/tuberculosis-meningitis
#9
REVIEW
Kassem Bourgi, Christina Fiske, Timothy R Sterling
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As the most severe form of tuberculosis (TB), TB meningitis disproportionately affects developing countries and results in significant morbidity and mortality. In this report, we review recent updates in the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of TB meningitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Young children and people living with HIV continue to be at highest risk for TB meningitis. Early diagnosis remains challenging, especially since conventional diagnostic tests have sub-optimal sensitivity and specificity...
September 11, 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893361/colworth-prize-lecture-2016-exploiting-new-biological-targets-from-a-whole-cell-phenotypic-screening-campaign-for-tb-drug-discovery
#10
Patrick Joseph Moynihan, Gurdyal S Besra
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the aetiological agent of tuberculosis (TB) and is the leading bacterial cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. One third of the world's population is infected with TB, and in conjunction with HIV represents a serious problem that urgently needs addressing. TB is a disease of poverty and mostly affects young adults in their productive years, primarily in the developing world. The most recent report from the World Health Organisation states that 8 million new cases of TB were reported and that ~1...
September 12, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891356/benefits-and-burdens-family-caregivers-experiences-of-assistive-technology-at-in-everyday-life-with-persons-with-young-onset-dementia-yod
#11
Torhild Holthe, Rita Jentoft, Cathrine Arntzen, Kirsten Thorsen
BACKGROUND: People with dementia and their family caregivers may benefit from assistive technology (AT), but knowledge is scarce about family carers' (FC) experiences and involvement in the use of AT in everyday life. AIM: To examine the FC roles and experiences with AT as means of supporting people with young onset-dementia (YOD). METHOD: Qualitative interview study with follow-up design. Repeated semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 FC of people with YOD, participating in an ongoing intervention study investigating the families' use and experiences of AT in everyday life...
September 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888503/adolescent-smoking-prevention-feasibility-and-effect-of-participatory-video-production
#12
Eunhee Park, Pamela A Kulbok, Jessica Keim-Malpass, Emily Drake, Michael J Kennedy
PURPOSE: This study tested whether a youth participatory video production program for smoking prevention is feasible and effective. DESIGN AND METHODS: A participatory video production program was implemented in eight twice-weekly sessions at a youth summer camp in a community center in a low-income neighborhood. Twenty-three youths participated. Descriptive statistics and a qualitative analysis were conducted to test the feasibility of the program by assessing attendance rates, the time and resources required, reasons for participation, and program satisfaction using checklists and interviews...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882399/risky-pleasures-and-drugged-assemblages-young-people-s-consumption-practices-of-aod-in-madrid
#13
Montserrat Cañedo, Enrique Moral
BACKGROUND: Drawing on a research project that we carried out on the functionality of "excessive" consumption practices in the lifestyles of young people in Madrid, this article aims to understand how (dis)pleasurable states emerge during young people's consumption of alcohol and other drugs. METHODS: This article claims that these states derive from "drugged assemblages," that is, a set of (human and non-human) actants that intra-act to produce different effects...
September 4, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880485/pediatric-diabetes-training-for-healthcare-professionals-in-europe-time-for-change
#14
Nicky Helen Kime, Sheridan Waldron, Elizabeth Webster, Karin Lange, Katarzyna Zinken, Thomas Danne, Bärbel Aschemeier, Zdenek Sumnik, Ondrej Cinek, João Filipe Raposo, Andriani Vazeou, Natasa Bratina, Fiona Campbell
BACKGROUND: Training for healthcare professionals (HCPs) in Europe who care for children and young people (CYP) with type 1 diabetes and their families is variable depending on the country. Building on the work of SWEET (Better control in Pediatric and Adolescent diabeteS: Working to crEate CEnTers of Reference) and using the German Certified Diabetes Educators (CDEs) curriculum, a European collaboration of pediatric diabetes experts aimed to (1) establish current core elements that should be included in a pediatric diabetes education training course and (2) create a template for a European CDE's training curriculum...
September 7, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871362/electrocardiographic-markers-of-appropriate-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-therapy-in-young-people-with-congenital-heart-diseases
#15
Dunia Bárbara Benítez Ramos, Michel Cabrera Ortega, Jesús Castro Hevia, Margarita Dorantes Sánchez, Ailema Amelia Alemán Fernández, Osmin Castañeda Chirino, Marlenis Cruz Cardentey, Frank Martínez López, Roylan Falcón Rodríguez
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are increasingly utilized in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Prediction of the occurrence of shocks is important if improved patient selection is desired. The electrocardiogram (ECG) has been the first-line tool predicting the risk of sudden death, but data in CHD patients are lacking. We aim to evaluate the predictive value of electrocardiographic markers of appropriate therapy of ICD in young people with CHD. We conducted a prospective, longitudinal study, in twenty-six CHD patients (mean age 24...
September 4, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870754/clinical-and-non-clinical-depression-and-anxiety-in-young-people-a-scoping-review-on-heart-rate-variability
#16
REVIEW
Melissa Paniccia, David Paniccia, Scott Thomas, Tim Taha, Nick Reed
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV), a measure of cardiac autonomic nervous system functioning, has emerged as a physiological indicator for emotional regulation and psychological well-being. HRV is understudied in the context of depression and anxiety in young people (10-24years old). Main objectives: (1) describe the nature and breadth of reviewed studies; and (2) synthesize main findings in the context of clinical and non-clinical populations of young people with depression and/or anxiety...
August 26, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856661/the-views-of-children-and-young-people-on-the-use-of-silk-garments-for-the-treatment-of-eczema-a-nested-qualitative-study-within-the-clothes-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
E V Wake, J Batchelor, S Lawton, K S Thomas, E F Harrison, F C Cowdell
BACKGROUND: Many children suffer with skin diseases, but to date, most dermatological research has been done 'on' rather than 'with' children; in this study we actively sought the experiences of children and young people. Atopic eczema (AE) is a chronic, itchy, inflammatory skin condition that affects around 20% of children and can impact on health and wellbeing for children and their families. The role of specialist clothing in the management of AE is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study, which was nested in a randomised controlled trial was to qualitatively examine child participants' experiences of using silk garments for the treatment of AE...
August 30, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845841/caffeinated-energy-drink-consumption-among-adolescents-and-potential-health-consequences-associated-with-their-use-a-significant-public-health-hazard
#18
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Nada Soliman, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Salvatore Di Maio, Mohamed El Kholy, Bernadette Fiscina
Caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) are increasingly popular among adolescents despite growing evidence of their negative health effects. The consumption of EDs has seen a substantial increase during the past few decades, especially in the Western and Asian countries. EDs contain high levels of caffeine, sugar, and novel ingredients, and are often marketed through youth-oriented media and venues. The known and unknown pharmacology of the constituents of EDs poses a risk of caffeine toxicity and other ill effects when consumed by young people...
August 23, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842065/abstinence-only-until-marriage-an-updated-review-of-u-s-policies-and-programs-and-their-impact
#19
REVIEW
John S Santelli, Leslie M Kantor, Stephanie A Grilo, Ilene S Speizer, Laura D Lindberg, Jennifer Heitel, Amy T Schalet, Maureen E Lyon, Amanda J Mason-Jones, Terry McGovern, Craig J Heck, Jennifer Rogers, Mary A Ott
Adolescence is marked by the emergence of human sexuality, sexual identity, and the initiation of intimate relations; within this context, abstinence from sexual intercourse can be a healthy choice. However, programs that promote abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) or sexual risk avoidance are scientifically and ethically problematic and-as such-have been widely rejected by medical and public health professionals. Although abstinence is theoretically effective, in actual practice, intentions to abstain from sexual activity often fail...
September 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833340/emergency-department-recognition-of-mental-disorders-and-short-term-risk-of-repeat-self-harm-among-young-people-enrolled-in-medicaid
#20
Jeffrey A Bridge, Mark Olfson, Cynthia A Fontanella, Steven C Marcus
Previous studies of adults have shown protective associations between clinical recognition of a mental disorder in the emergency department and short-term risk of repeat self-harm. Similar studies of young self-harm patients are lacking. We conducted a retrospective longitudinal cohort analysis of national Medicaid claims data in patients aged 10-19 years with self-harm who were discharged from emergency departments to the community (N = 2,703). Emergency department mental disorder recognition was not associated with a significant change in repeat self-harm visits during the 30-day follow-up period...
August 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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