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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669495/paediatric-mental-and-physical-health-presentations-to-emergency-departments-victoria-2008-15
#1
Harriet Hiscock, Rachel J Neely, Shaoke Lei, Gary Freed
OBJECTIVES: To identify trends in presentations to Victorian emergency departments (EDs) by children and adolescents for mental and physical health problems; to determine patient characteristics associated with these presentations; to assess the relative clinical burdens of mental and physical health presentations. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset (VEMD) data. Participants, setting: Children and young people, 0-19 years, who presented to public EDs in Victoria, 2008-09 to 2014-15...
April 23, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669467/exploration-of-dating-violence-and-related-attitudes-among-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#2
Audrey Courtain, Fabienne Glowacz
Young people's romantic relationships can be marked with various forms of dating violence (DV). However, adolescents and emerging adults do not necessarily acknowledge this violence because of their attitudes toward dating violence. Our study aims to study dating violence and attitudes toward this phenomenon through two well-established questionnaires administered jointly in their entirety. Indeed, too many studies report results on some dimensions and items, neglecting the richness of available tools. The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationship Inventory and the Attitudes Toward Dating Violence Scale were self-administered to 1,014 participants ( M age = 18...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659684/%C3%AF-3-fatty-acids-impaired-fetal-growth-and-cardiovascular-risk-nutrition-as-precision-medicine
#3
Michael R Skilton
Precision medicine refers to treatment or prevention strategies in a group of individuals identified by their phenotype or genotype. Dietary components or patterns may play an important role in precision medicine. There is emerging evidence to support a role for n-3 (ω-3) fatty acids in lowering blood pressure and reducing the extent of subclinical atherosclerosis in people born with impaired fetal growth, a group at increased risk of coronary artery disease partly due to an increased risk of hypertensive disorders...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659460/clozapine-titration-for-people-in-early-psychosis-a-chart-review-and-treatment-guideline
#4
Jacob S Ballon, Hera Ashfaq, Douglas L Noordsy
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: The use of clozapine, particularly in young people, is often limited by early treatment-emergent adverse effects including drowsiness and lethargy. Concerns about adverse effects, medication adherence, and the need for blood monitoring often impede the use of clozapine in this population, leading to repeated trials of less effective medications. Current clozapine dosing recommendations are based on people further in the course of their illness and thus reflect different responsiveness and sensitivities to antipsychotic medication...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658536/-education-motivations-and-working-conditions-of-a-cohort-of-nurses-attending-to-an-open-competition
#5
Roberto Accardi, Silvia Pazzaglia, Antonella Demarchi, Barbara Sappa, Dario Laquintana
. Education, motivations and working conditions of a cohort of nurses attending to an open-competition. INTRODUCTION: In the last decade, the progressive reduction of staff turnover decreased together with the number of open competitions, now attended by thousands of candidates, portraying an image of massive unemployment in the nursing profession. AIM: To describe the socio-demographic profile, the studies, previous work experiences and motivations of a cohort of nurses participats a maxi-competition in Lombardy region...
January 2018: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658396/case-studies-of-men-s-perceptions-of-their-online-sexual-interactions-with-young-people-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#6
Juliane A Kloess, Michael Larkin, Anthony R Beech, Catherine E Hamilton-Giachritsis
The aim of the present study was to gain an understanding of the perspectives of men who were convicted of committing a sexual offense that included online sexual grooming. It explores their experiences of illegal interactions with young people via Internet communication platforms, which progressed to physical meetings. Semistructured interviews were conducted with two men and analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), providing in-depth accounts of their personal experiences. These are presented in a case study format...
April 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656265/classification-of-attempted-suicide-by-cluster-analysis-a-study-of-888-suicide-attempters-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#7
Hyeyoung Kim, Bora Kim, Se Hyun Kim, C Hyung Keun Park, Eun Young Kim, Yong Min Ahn
BACKGROUND: It is essential to understand the latent structure of the population of suicide attempters for effective suicide prevention. The aim of this study was to identify subgroups among Korean suicide attempters in terms of the details of the suicide attempt. METHODS: A total of 888 people who attempted suicide and were subsequently treated in the emergency rooms of 17 medical centers between May and November of 2013 were included in the analysis. The variables assessed included demographic characteristics, clinical information, and details of the suicide attempt assessed by the Suicide Intent Scale (SIS) and Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS)...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651860/risk-factors-for-clostridium-difficile-infections-in-baranya-county-southern-hungary
#8
Szabolcs Vigvári, Dávid Sipos, Ágnes Kappéter, Zsófia Feiszt, Beáta Kovács, Zoltán Péterfi
In the past decade, Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs) have become a major public health challenge. Their epidemiology has radically changed with a significant rise in the number of cases and an increase in severe episodes. Recurrence and failure of conventional treatments are very common. Furthermore, a spread of CDI has emerged in general population without the usual risk factors (unexposed to antibiotic treatment, young people, etc.). The conventional treatments (metronidazole and vancomycin) are still effective and are the first-line antibiotics with new recommendations...
April 13, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650451/hiv-incidence-in-western-kenya-during-scale-up-of-antiretroviral-therapy-and-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-a-population-based-cohort-analysis
#9
Martien W Borgdorff, Daniel Kwaro, David Obor, George Otieno, Viviane Kamire, Frederick Odongo, Patrick Owuor, Jacques Muthusi, Lisa A Mills, Rachael Joseph, Mary E Schmitz, Peter W Young, Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez, Kevin M De Cock
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people with HIV infection has increased from 7% in 2006, to 57% in 2016; and, in western Kenya, coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) increased from 45% in 2008, to 72% in 2014. We investigated trends in HIV prevalence and incidence in a high burden area in western Kenya in 2011-16. METHODS: In 2011, 2012, and 2016, population-based surveys were done via a health and demographic surveillance system and home-based counselling and testing in Gem, Siaya County, Kenya, including 28 688, 17 021, and 16 772 individuals aged 15-64 years...
April 9, 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649285/cost-of-gastroenteritis-in-australia-a-healthcare-perspective
#10
S Fiona Barker, Ella Zomer, Joanne O'Toole, Martha Sinclair, Katherine Gibney, Danny Liew, Karin Leder
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis illness is a common illness that causes considerable morbidity, but current estimates of the cost to the Australian healthcare system are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the current healthcare utilisation and direct public healthcare system costs attributable to acute gastroenteritis illness in Australia. METHODS: This is an incidence-based cost-of-illness study focused on quantifying direct health care costs using a bottom-up approach...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625623/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-delivery-of-school-based-smoking-prevention-interventions-for-children-and-young-people-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#11
Fiona Dobbie, Kathryn Angus, Hannah Littlecott, Karen Allum, Valerie Wells, Amanda Amos, Sally Haw, Linda Bauld
BACKGROUND: Despite a decline in child and adult smoking prevalence, young people who smoke (even occasionally) can rapidly become addicted to nicotine, with most adult smokers initiating smoking before they are 18. Schools have long been a popular setting to deliver youth smoking prevention interventions, but evidence of the effectiveness of school-based prevention programmes is mixed, and outcomes vary by the type of programme delivered. Existing systematic reviews that explore the factors contributing to the success or failure of school-based smoking prevention programmes often exclude qualitative studies, due to a focus on intervention effectiveness which qualitative research cannot answer...
April 6, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624441/motives-and-concerns-associated-with-geosocial-networking-app-usage-an-exploratory-study-among-heterosexual-college-students-in-the-united-states
#12
Meredith Griffin, Amy Canevello, Richard D McAnulty
Geosocial network application (GSNA) use is common among young adults. However, there is little empirical research into patterns of use, motives, and potential concerns among app users. A total of 409 heterosexual students from a public university in the southeast United States participated in an online survey. Sample composition was primarily Caucasian and in their first 2 years of college. Average age was 19.7 years. Results revealed that 39 percent of participants had used a GSN app, and 60 percent of these were regular users...
April 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620385/identity-and-the-body-trajectories-of-body-esteem-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood
#13
Sarah C Nelson, Johanna Kling, Maria Wängqvist, Ann Frisén, Moin Syed
Although Erikson (1968) originally conceptualized identity development as a process of becoming at home in one's body, little work has been done linking identity development and research on the body. This study examines how trajectories of the development of body esteem over time are related to young people's sense of identity and psychological functioning in a longitudinal sample from age 10 to 24 (N = 967). Using group-based trajectory modeling, three cubic subgroups were determined for each of the three types of body esteem: appearance, weight, and attribution...
April 5, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620384/does-counting-emotion-words-on-online-social-networks-provide-a-window-into-people-s-subjective-experience-of-emotion-a-case-study-on-facebook
#14
Ethan Kross, Philippe Verduyn, Margaret Boyer, Brittany Drake, Izzy Gainsburg, Brian Vickers, Oscar Ybarra, John Jonides
Psychologists have long debated whether it is possible to assess how people subjectively feel without asking them. The recent proliferation of online social networks has recently added a fresh chapter to this discussion, with research now suggesting that it is possible to index people's subjective experience of emotion by simply counting the number of emotion words contained in their online social network posts. Whether the conclusions that emerge from this work are valid, however, rests on a critical assumption: that people's usage of emotion words in their posts accurately reflects how they feel...
April 5, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609608/methamphetamine-type-stimulant-use-in-lao-pdr-qualitative-findings-from-users-aged-15-25-years-in-vientiane-capital-and-vientiane-province
#15
Vanphanom Sychareun, Bangone Santavasy, Niramonh Chanlivong, Andrea Fischer, Nicholas Thomson, Robert Power, Jo Durham
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine is one of the most widely used illicit drugs in several Southeast Asian countries, including the Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). The purpose of this study was to examine the socio-cultural context of its use in Lao PDR. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional qualitative survey among young people, aged 15-24 years, who use methamphetamine (or Yaba as it is commonly known in the region) in Vientiane Capital and Vientiane Province, Lao PDR...
April 2, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600434/environmental-behavior-among-russian-youth-the-role-of-self-direction-and-environmental-concern
#16
Alexander Zibenberg, Itay Greenspan, Tally Katz-Gerro, Femida Handy
Previous research that has tried to identify the personal values that best explain variance in pro-environmental attitudes tended to focus on biospheric and universalism values. This paper examines the importance of self-direction as a value underlying young people's inclination to adopt pro-environmental behaviors and environmental activism. We expect that individuals who emphasize a self-direction value, which fosters creativity, motivates innovation, and promotes coping with challenges, are likely to respond in more self-directed and autonomous ways to emerging environmental practices...
March 29, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597289/the-epidemiology-of-unintentional-and-violence-related-injury-morbidity-and-mortality-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#17
Michael F Ballesteros, Dionne D Williams, Karin A Mack, Thomas R Simon, David A Sleet
Injuries and violence among young people have a substantial emotional, physical, and economic toll on society. Understanding the epidemiology of this public health problem can guide prevention efforts, help identify and reduce risk factors, and promote protective factors. We examined fatal and nonfatal unintentional injuries, injuries intentionally inflicted by other (i.e., assaults and homicides) among children ages 0-19, and intentionally self-inflicted injuries (i.e., self-harm and suicides) among children ages 10-19...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595662/difference-between-elderly-and-non-elderly-patients-in-using-serum-lactate-level-to-predict-mortality-caused-by-sepsis-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Hsien-Hung Cheng, Fu-Cheng Chen, Meng-Wei Change, Chia-Te Kung, Chi-Yung Cheng, Tsung-Cheng Tsai, Sheng-Yuan Hsiao, Chih-Min Su
Elderly people are more susceptible to sepsis and experience more comorbidities and complications than young adults. Serum lactate is a useful biomarker to predict mortality in patients with sepsis. Lactate production is affected by the severity of sepsis, organ dysfunction, and adrenergic stimulation. Whether the predictive ability of serum lactate will be different between non-elderly and elderly patients is unknown.A retrospective cohort study was conducted to compare the prognostic value of hyperlactatemia in predicting the mortality between elderly (≥65 years) and non-elderly (<65 years) patients with sepsis...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594093/offline-and-online-sexual-risk-behavior-among-youth-in-the-netherlands-findings-from-sex-under-the-age-of-25
#19
Hanneke De Graaf, Mirthe Verbeek, Marieke Van den Borne, Suzanne Meijer
Sexually developing adolescents and emerging adults face sexual health risks as well as potentially negative outcomes of online sexual behaviors. The goal of this study was to describe three categories of sexual risk behavior: (1) behavior related to STI/HIV, (2) behavior related to unplanned pregnancy, and (3) online sexual risk behavior. In addition, we investigated whether these behaviors are actually related to negative (health) outcomes. For this purpose, we used data from a Dutch probability survey: "Sex under the age of 25...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590280/the-emerging-clinical-neuroscience-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-review
#20
Rebecca A Muhle, Hannah E Reed, Katharine A Stratigos, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele
Importance: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a highly prevalent disorder, and community psychiatrists are likely to treat many individuals with ASD during their clinical practice. This clinical case challenge describes a routine evaluation of irritability and self-injury in a preschool-aged child who meets the criteria for ASD. The case also illustrates the importance of known risk factors for ASD, such as chromosomal deletion and prematurity. This clinical neuroscience article seeks to educate the clinician of current avenues of research that can inform and may already affect clinical practice for this patient, while providing a preview of research that may yield biological treatments for ASD within the next decade...
March 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
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