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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900934/gender-relations-and-women-s-reproductive-health-in-south-sudan
#1
Sumit Kane, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Maryse Kok
BACKGROUND: In South Sudan, women disproportionately bear the burden of morbidity and mortality related to sexual and reproductive health, with a maternal mortality ratio of 789 deaths per 100,000 live births. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted to analyze how gendered social relations among the Fertit people affect women's ability to exercise control over their reproductive lives and thereby their sexual and reproductive health. Transcripts of 5 focus group discussions and 44 semi-structured interviews conducted with purposefully selected community members and health personnel were analyzed using Connell's relational theory of gender...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894904/from-niche-to-stigma-headshops-to-prison-exploring-the-rise-and-fall-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-use-among-young-adults
#2
Shane Blackman, Rick Bradley
The aim of this paper will be to consider the rise and subsequent fall in NPS use at national and local level with a focus on synthetic cannabinoid products in Kent. We will examine the local practice and policy responses by Kent's Young Persons' Drug and Alcohol Service towards a possible change in patterns of NPS drug consumption. The county has seen an expansion in the number of Headshops and we present local media coverage on NPS, and the Trading Standards and Kent Police intervention Operation Lantern to regulate Headshops...
November 25, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893670/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-lebanon-a-systematic-review
#3
Hussein Abou-Abbass, Hisham Bahmad, Hiba Ghandour, Jawad Fares, Rayyan Wazzi-Mkahal, Basel Yacoub, Hala Darwish, Stefania Mondello, Hayat Harati, Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Firas Kobeissy
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a debilitating medical and emerging public health problem that is affecting people worldwide due to a multitude of factors including both domestic and war-related acts. The objective of this paper is to systematically review the status of TBI in Lebanon - a Middle Eastern country with a weak health system that was chartered by several wars and intermittent outbursts of violence - in order to identify the present gaps in knowledge, direct future research initiatives and to assist policy makers in planning progressive and rehabilitative policies...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881107/risk-of-repeated-self-harm-and-associated-factors-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults
#4
Marco Bennardi, Elaine McMahon, Paul Corcoran, Eve Griffin, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Repeated self-harm represents the single strongest risk factor for suicide. To date no study with full national coverage has examined the pattern of hospital repeated presentations due to self-harm among young people. METHODS: Data on consecutive self-harm presentations were obtained from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland. Socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics of individuals aged 10-29 years who presented with self-harm to emergency departments in Ireland (2007-2014) were analysed...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876018/social-norms-and-family-planning-decisions-in-south-sudan
#5
Sumit Kane, Maryse Kok, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline Ew Broerse
BACKGROUND: With a maternal mortality ratio of 789 per 100,000 live births, and a contraceptive prevalence rate of 4.7%, South Sudan has one of the worst reproductive health situations in the world. Understanding the social norms around sexuality and reproduction, across different ethnic groups, is key to developing and implementing locally appropriate public health responses. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in the state of Western Bahr el Ghazal (WBeG) in South Sudan to explore the social norms shaping decisions about family planning among the Fertit community...
November 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855083/consumption-of-energy-drinks-by-children-and-young-people-a-rapid-review-examining-evidence-of-physical-effects-and-consumer-attitudes
#6
Shelina Visram, Mandy Cheetham, Deborah M Riby, Stephen J Crossley, Amelia A Lake
OBJECTIVE: To examine patterns of energy drink consumption by children and young people, attitudes towards these drinks, and any associations with health or other outcomes. DESIGN: Rapid evidence assessment and narrative synthesis. DATA SOURCES: 9 electronic bibliographic databases, reference lists of relevant studies and searches of the internet. RESULTS: A total of 410 studies were located, with 46 meeting the inclusion criteria...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852560/safety-acceptability-and-use-of-a-smartphone-app-blueice-for-young-people-who-self-harm-protocol-for-an-open-phase-i-trial
#7
Paul Stallard, Joanna Porter, Rebecca Grist
BACKGROUND: Up to 18% of adolescents will engage in an act of self-harm before young adulthood, with the majority of acts occurring in private. Mobile apps may offer a way of providing support for young people at times of distress to prevent self-harm. OBJECTIVE: This is a proof-of-concept study designed to explore the safety, acceptability, feasibility, and usability of a smartphone app, BlueIce, with young people who are self-harming. METHODS: In this phase I open trial we will evaluate BlueIce, a smartphone app developed and coproduced with young people with lived experience of self-harm...
November 16, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849238/diabetes-mellitus-in-childhood-an-emerging-condition-in-the-21st-century
#8
Thais Della Manna, Nuvarte Setian, Roberta Diaz Savoldelli, Dulce Rondina Guedes, Hilton Kuperman, Hamilton Cabral Menezes, Leandra Steinmetz, Louise Cominato, Vaê Dichtchekenian, Durval Damiani
The International Diabetes Federation (IDF-2015) estimates the existence of 30,900 children under 15 years old with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) in Brazil, and an increase of 3.0% per year is expected. This review focused on meta-analysis and pediatric diabetes update articles in order to draw attention to the need of planning coping strategies to support this serious public health problem in coming years. DM1 is considered an immuno-mediated disease with a complex transmission influenced by genetic and environmental factors responsible for a gradual destruction of the insulin producing pancreatic beta cells...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845699/renal-trauma-in-adolescent-skateboarders
#9
Fabio Campodonico, Francesco Paparo, Tiziana Calcagno, Giacomo Capponi, Giuseppe Conzi
OBJECTIVE: Kidney is the most commonly injured organ of the genitourinary tract after trauma. Half of blunt renal injuries are caused by traffic accidents, but sport activities are also included as frequent causes. Skatebording is popular among young people but it deserves being considered a potential cause of severe injuries. A number of published medical reports mainly refer to bone, joint and head injuries but no cases have been reported on urologic or kidney trauma. METHODS: We present two cases of renal trauma in adolescent males occurred while doing skateboarding...
November 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821267/school-based-depression-and-anxiety-prevention-programs-for-young-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Aliza Werner-Seidler, Yael Perry, Alison L Calear, Jill M Newby, Helen Christensen
Depression and anxiety often emerge for the first time during youth. The school environment provides an ideal context to deliver prevention programs, with potential to offset the trajectory towards disorder. The aim of this review was to provide a comprehensive evaluation of randomised-controlled trials of psychological programs, designed to prevent depression and/or anxiety in children and adolescents delivered in school settings. Medline, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for articles published until February 2015...
October 24, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814496/characteristics-associated-with-risk-taking-behaviours-predict-young-people-s-participation-in-organised-activities
#11
Britt E Hallingberg, Stephanie H M Van Goozen, Simon C Moore
Participation in organised activities (OAs) such as sports and special groups can shape adolescent risk taking behaviours. Sensation seeking and inhibitory control play an important role in the emergence of adolescent risk taking behaviours and may explain variations in OA participation as well as inform the development of more effective interventions that use OAs. Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (England) were analysed using logistic regression to test whether inhibitory control and sensation seeking predicted participation in OAs at a mean age of 11...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813210/-what-matters-to-someone-who-matters-to-me-using-media-campaigns-with-young-people-to-prevent-interpersonal-violence-and-abuse
#12
Nicky Stanley, Jane Ellis, Nicola Farrelly, Sandra Hollinghurst, Sue Bailey, Soo Downe
BACKGROUND: While media campaigns are increasingly advocated as a strategy for preventing interpersonal violence and abuse, there is little evidence available regarding their effectiveness. SETTING AND DESIGN: Consultation with experts and young people was used as part of a UK scoping review to capture current thinking and practice on the use of media campaigns to address interpersonal violence and abuse among young people. Three focus groups and 16 interviews were undertaken with UK and international experts, and three focus groups were held with young people...
November 3, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810724/age-related-differences-in-self-harm-presentations-and-subsequent-management-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-at-the-emergency-department
#13
Emma Diggins, Rachael Kelley, David Cottrell, Allan House, David Owens
BACKGROUND: Characteristics of self-harm differ across ages, but there is little work identifying age-related differences in younger people. Young people entering adolescence face emotionally and developmentally different challenges to those entering adulthood. This study investigates how Emergency Department (ED) presentations and management of self-harm differ through adolescence and early adulthood. METHODS: 3782 consecutive self-harm episodes involving 2559 people aged 12-25 years were identified from an existing database of Leeds ED attendances from 2004 to 2007...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806518/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-dispatching-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-the-fifth-period-at-the-rajaie-hospital-in-ghachsaran
#14
Abouzar Alidadi, Rooholah Zaboli, Razzagh Abedi, Mohammad Reza Soltanizarandi
INTRODUCTION: Increasing car accidents in young group and head-stroke mechanisms in developing countryis are the main cause of brain lesions and injuries related to trauma, so that traumatic severe brain lesions and injuries and uncontrollable hemorrhage are the major cause of mortality and morbidity due to trauma. Statistical analysis and factors along with main injuries can give us useful information in the field of injury management, patient dispatching management, proper scheduling, and patients dispatching to appropriate centers...
July 25, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799753/mutations-associated-with-early-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-discovered-in-asian-countries
#15
REVIEW
Eva Bagyinszky, Young Chul Youn, Seong Soo A An, SangYun Kim
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of senile dementia, is a genetically complex disorder. In most Asian countries, the population and the number of AD patients are growing rapidly, and the genetics of AD has been extensively studied, except in Japan. However, recent studies have been started to investigate the genes and mutations associated with AD in Korea, the People's Republic of China, and Malaysia. This review describes all of the known mutations in three early-onset AD (EOAD) causative genes (APP, PSEN1, and PSEN2) that were discovered in Asian countries...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797689/reasons-for-marijuana-use-among-young-adults-and-long-term-associations-with-marijuana-use-and-problems
#16
Megan E Patrick, Bethany C Bray, Patricia A Berglund
OBJECTIVE: This study examines reasons for marijuana use among young adults age 19/20 in the United States and the extent to which patterns of reasons are associated with marijuana use and problems 15 years later. METHOD: The national Monitoring the Future study provided data on marijuana users at age 19/20 who were also surveyed at age 35 (n = 2,288; 50% women; 83% White). Latent class analysis was used to identify distinct patterns of reasons for marijuana use, which were then used as predictors of later marijuana use and problems...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782921/tolerance-limits-self-understanding-and-stress-resilience-in-integrative-recovery-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
Kari Skrautvol, Dagfinn Nåden
People living with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) experienced that knowledge about their embodied tolerance limits, diet, mental problem solving, and change in lifestyle together with integrative health care could promote recovery from their diagnosed disease in calmer periods of suffering. A hermeneutic approach was used to analyze interviews with patients living with IBD outside hospitals. Thirteen young adults between 18 and 45 years of age in calmer phases of IBD participated in the study. Three main themes emerged from the analysis of the interviews: (1) Understanding limits in embodied tolerance, (2) Restoring balance is creating a new equilibrium, and (3) Creating resilience through integrative care...
January 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775408/symptoms-circumstances-and-service-systems-pathways-to-psychiatric-crisis-service-use-among-uninsured-young-adults
#18
Sarah Carter Narendorf, Michelle R Munson, Micki Washburn, Nicole Fedoravicius, Richard Wagner, Sara K Flores
Young adults have low rates of outpatient service utilization and higher rates of emergency service use compared to older adults. This study explored pathways to crisis service use for uninsured young adults who accessed emergency psychiatric treatment. Participants were 55 young adults (ages 18-25) who were on an inpatient short-term stabilization unit and had qualifying diagnoses for outpatient services (bipolar, major depression, or schizophrenia). Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted to understand decision-making and the events that led to service use...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765773/comparing-young-people-s-experience-of-technology-delivered-v-face-to-face-mindfulness-and-relaxation-two-armed-qualitative-focus-group-study
#19
Conall Tunney, Patricia Cooney, David Coyle, Gary O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: The current popularity of mindfulness-based practices has coincided with the increase in access to mobile technology. This has led to many mindfulness apps and programs becoming available, some specifically for children. However, little is known about the experience of engaging with mindfulness through these mediums. AIMS: To explore children's experience of mindfulness delivered both face-to-face and through a computer game to highlight any differences or similarities...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739640/are-increasing-volumes-of-children-and-young-people-presenting-to-emergency-departments-due-to-increasing-severity-of-illness
#20
Damian Roland, Sam Jones, Tim Coats, Ffion Davies
BACKGROUND: Increasing utilisation of Emergency and Acute Care services by children and young people is a worldwide trend. This is thought to be a result of parent and carer desire for more "on demand" health care assessment and not a consequence of increasing severity of disease. A bespoke acuity assessment system in our department allowed us to test this hypothesis. METHODS: This data is based on the Paediatric Observation Priority Score, a previously published and validated assessment tool designed specifically for Paediatric Emergency Care [1]...
October 14, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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