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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902141/genotipos-g-de-rotavirus-durante-10-a%C3%A3-os-en-ni%C3%A3-os-con-diarrea-aguda-de-la-ciudad-de-la-rioja-argentina-implicancias-en-la-vacunaci%C3%A3-n
#1
Patricia Alejandra Cordoba
La vacunación para rotavirus es obligatoria en Argentina desde enero del 2015. Los genotipos G de rotavirus circulantes previo a la vacunación no fueron estudiados en la Provincia de La Rioja. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar los genotipos G de rotavirus que circulan en La Rioja en niños con diarrea desde 2000 a 2010. Se determinó la presencia de rotavirus del Grupo A por Inmunocromatografía (Biomerieux) en 418 muestras de materias fecales obtenidas en niños con diarrea aguda, hospitalizados y ambulatorios, en ciudad de La Rioja, Argentina...
April 3, 2018: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890103/el-cigarrillo-electr%C3%A3-nico-no-todo-lo-que-brilla-es-oro
#2
Fernando Astur Camporro, Ignacio Gutierrez Magaldi, Exequiel Bulacio
Introducción: El tabaquismo es la primera causa evitable de muerte en el mundo. El cigarrillo electrónico (CE), es un dispositivo que simula a los cigarrillos convencionales y permite inhalar nicotina y otras sustancias de forma vaporizada, sin combustión de tabaco. Su conocimiento por parte de la población general, así como su comercialización y consumo viene en constante aumento. Es utilizado en todo el mundo con el objetivo de disminuir el consumo de tabaco, lograr su abandono o poder utilizarlo en lugares públicos donde el consumo de cigarrillos convencionales está prohibido...
September 8, 2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733067/clinical-study-of-200-patients-with-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis
#3
Alberto Rodríguez-Archilla, Tarik Raissouni
Introduction: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) affects approximately 20% of the general population. Its etiology is still unknown. Objective: To analyze this entity's clinical features. Method: Data such as age, gender, family history of RAS, age at first episode onset, prodromal symptoms, number, size, morphology and localization of lesions, RAS clinical form, annual rate of recurrence, predisposing factors, symptoms and time for symptoms and lesions disappearance were assessed in 200 patients with RAS...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733066/de-las-primeras-iniciativas-de-medicina-laboral-en-m%C3%A3-xico-el-hospital-de-mineros-de-real-del-monte
#4
José Luis Gómez, Carlos Agustín Rodríguez-Paz
A pesar de la legislación de Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) sobre derechos de seguridad social formulada en 1883 en Alemania donde se señala que es deber del Estado promover el bienestar de todos los miembros de la sociedad, particularmente de los más débiles y necesitados utilizando los medios con los que dispone, y las propuestas de leyes contra accidentes expedidas el 30 de abril de 1904 en el Estado de México, en el México del porfiriato no se consideró brindar atención médica formal a los trabajadores, salvo algunas empresas ferrocarrileras, no se construyeron hospitales para atender a pacientes con enfermedades laborales...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722601/asym%C3%A3-trie-de-pouvoir-dans-les-partenariats-de-recherche-en-sant%C3%A3-mondiale-%C3%A3-tude-qualitative-aupr%C3%A3-s-de-chercheurs-en-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#5
Patrick Gogognon, Béatrice Godard
Résumé : Contexte : L'asymétrie de pouvoir dans les partenariats de recherche en santé mondiale constitue un enjeu de justice et d'équité pour les institutions de recherche, les chercheurs et les communautés, en particulier dans les pays en développement. Pour les chercheurs, l'asymétrie de pouvoir peut constituer un obstacle pour une recherche efficiente et équitable et ils sont à risque d'être en situation de vulnérabilité. Objectifs : Ces enjeux sont largement discutés dans la littérature mais ce phénomène reste encore étudié au plan théorique et peu de données empiriques sont disponibles, particulièrement dans les pays en développement...
May 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700614/bioactive-glass-ceramic-bone-repair-associated-or-not-with-autogenous-bone-a-study-of-organic-bone-matrix-organization-in-a-rabbit-critical-sized-calvarial-model
#6
Claudia Cristina Biguetti, Franco Cavalla, Carla Roberta Tim, Patrícia Pinto Saraiva, Wilson Orcini, Leandro De Andrade Holgado, Ana Claudia Muniz Rennó, Mariza Akemi Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze bone matrix (BMX) organization after bone grafting and repair using a new bioactive glass-ceramic (Biosilicate® ) associated or not with particulate autogenous bone graft. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty rabbits underwent surgical bilateral parietal defects and divided into groups according to the materials used: (C) control-blood clot, (BG) particulate autogenous bone, (BS) bioactive glass-ceramic, and BG + BS. After 7, 14, and 30 days post-surgery, a fragment of each specimen was fixed in - 80 °C liquid nitrogen for zymographic evaluation, while the remaining was fixed in 10% formalin for histological birefringence analysis...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171615/data-sharing-statements-for-clinical-trials-a-requirement-of-the-international-committee-of-medical-journal-editors
#7
Darren B Taichman, Peush Sahni, Anja Pinborg, Larry Peiperl, Christine Laine, Astrid James, Sung-Tae Hong, Abraham Haileamlak, Laragh Gollogly, Fiona Godlee, Franka Frizelle, Fernando Florenzano, Jeffrey M Drazen, Howard Bauchner, Christopher Baethge, Joyce Backus
El Comité Internacional de Editores de Revista Médicas (ICMJE) ha tomado la posición que el compartir los datos generados por los ensayos clínicos es una obligación ética, por cuanto los participantes en esos estudios se colocaron en riesgo al aceptar su inclusión. En esta editorial el ICMJE expresa que requerirá desde Julio 2018 que los manuscritos enviados a sus revistas deben incluir una declaración sobre compartir datos. A su vez, los ensayos clínicos que comiencen a enrolar pacientes a partir de Enero 2019, deben incluir un plan sobre compartir datos en el registro de tales ensayos...
June 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902932/non-pharmacological-interventions-to-promote-the-sleep-of-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
Fernanda de Souza Machado, Regina Claudia da Silva Souza, Vanessa Brito Poveda, Ana Lucia Siqueira Costa
Objective: to analyze evidence available in the literature concerning non-pharmacological interventions that are effective to treat altered sleep patterns among patients who underwent cardiac surgery. Method: systematic review conducted in the National Library of Medicine-National Institutes of Health, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Scopus, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and PsycINFO databases, and also grey literature...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421778/cost-analysis-of-home-parenteral-nutrition-in-spain
#9
Rosa Burgos Peláez, María Nuria Virgili Casas, María Cristina Cuerda Compés, José Manuel Moreno Villares, Gabriel Olveira, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Carmina Wanden-Berghe Lozano, Álvaro Muñoz Cuadrado, Covadonga Torres González, Miguel Ángel Casado Gómez
Introduction: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) improves quality of life, allowing patients to receive nutrition at home and providing a social and labor integration to these patients. Objective: To assess the direct costs of HPN in adult population in Spain. Methods: A literature review of the records of HPN in Spain, carry out by NADYA-SENPE Group (years 2007-2014), was performed. The analysis included the evolution of: patients requiring HPN, number of episodes/patient, mean duration of episodes, description of delivery routes and complications rate...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286959/dietary-guidelines-for-the-spanish-population-senc-december-2016-the-new-graphic-icon-of-healthy-nutrition
#10
Javier Aranceta Bartrina, Victoria Arija Val, Edurne Maíz Aldalur, Emilio Martínez de la Victoria Muñoz, Rosa María Ortega Anta, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Joan Quiles Izquierdo, Amelia Rodríguez Martín, Blanca Román Viñas, Gemma Salvador Castell, Josep Antoni Tur Marí, Gregorio Varela Moreiras, Lluis Serra Majem
Objective: The Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC) designed in 1994 a food guide for the Spanish population, updated in 2001. This report presents a new updated edition based on the best scientifi c evidence available. Methods: From a health in all policies approach, a group of experts in nutrition and public health associated with SENC was convened to review the evidence on diet-health, nutrition intake and food consumption in the Spanish population, as well as food preparation and consumption habits, determinants and impact of diet on environmental sustainability...
December 7, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196425/dietary-guidelines-for-the-spanish-population-senc-diciembre-2016-the-new-graphic-icon-of-healthy-food
#11
REVIEW
Javier Aranceta Bartrina, Victoria Arija Val, Edurne Maíz Aldalur, Emilio Martínez de Victoria Muñoz, Rosa María Ortega Anta, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Joan Quiles Izquierdo, Amelia Rodríguez Martín, Blanca Román Viñas, Gemma Salvador Castell, Josep Antoni Tur Marí, Gregorio Varela Moreira, Lluis Serra Majem
Objective: The Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC) designed in 1994 a food guide for the Spanish population, updated in 2001. This report presents a new updated edition based on the best scientific evidence available. Methods: From a health in all policies approach, a group of experts in nutrition and public health associated with SENC was convened to review the evidence on diet-health, nutrition intake and food consumption in the Spanish population, as well as food preparation and consumption habits, determinants and impact of diet on environmental sustainability...
December 7, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063531/traitements-visant-la-vessie-hyperactive-accent-sur-la-pharmacoth%C3%A3-rapie
#12
Roxana Geoffrion
OBJECTIF: Offrir des lignes directrices en matière de pharmacothérapie pour la prise en charge du syndrome de la vessie hyperactive (VHA). OPTIONS: Parmi les agents pharmacothérapeutiques permettant la prise en charge du VHA, on trouve les anticholinergiques (antimuscariniques) et les œstrogènes administrés par voie vaginale. Des préparations anticholinergiques orales et transdermiques sont disponibles. ISSUES: Fournir une compréhension des données actuellement disponibles au sujet de l'innocuité et de l'efficacité clinique de la pharmacothérapie dans la prise en charge du VHA; orienter la sélection du traitement anticholinergique en fonction des caractéristiques personnelles des patientes...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032877/physical-activity-questionnaires-for-spanish-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
I Martínez-Lemos, C Ayán Pérez, A Sánchez Lastra, J M Cancela Carral, R Valcarce Sánchez
Questionnaires aimed at assessing the prevalence of physical activity are tools frequently used by health professionals. It is important to provide them with information about the characteristics and quality of these questionnaires. This systematic review aimed to identify and analyse the characteristics and psychometric properties of this type of questionnaires when administered to Spanish children and adolescents. A total of 14 questionnaires were found. Accurate validity values were obtained in two of them...
November 21, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032872/the-organizational-commitment-of-emergency-physicians-in-spanish-public-hospitals
#14
A Noval de la Torre, J Bulchand Gidumal, S Melián González
Background. There are not too many studies that deal with the organizational commitment of emergency physicians. This commitment has been shown to impact organizational performance. The aim of this paper is to analyse the degree of commitment of the emergency physicians in Spanish public hospitals and the factors that may influence it. Method. Online survey using SurveyMonkey to emergency physicians in Spanish public hospitals. Results. Two hundred and five questionnaires were received, 162 from physicians and 43 from heads of the emergency service...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901223/metabolic-syndrome-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Patrícia Pozas Saboya, Luiz Carlos Bodanese, Paulo Roberto Zimmermann, Andréia da Silva Gustavo, Caroline Melo Assumpção, Fernanda Londero
Objectives: to present currently available evidence to verify the association between metabolic syndrome and quality of life. Method: Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Medline and LILACS databases were studied for all studies investigating the association with metabolic syndrome and quality of life. Two blinded reviewers extracted data and one more was chosen in case of doubt. Results: a total of 30 studies were included, considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, which involved 62...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878219/financial-impact-of-nursing-professionals-staff-required-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#16
Thamiris Ricci de Araújo, Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Valéria Castilho, Lucieli Dias Pedreschi Chaves, Ana Maria Laus
Objective: to calculate the cost of the average time of nursing care spent and required by patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and the financial expense for the right dimension of staff of nursing professionals. Method: a descriptive, quantitative research, using the case study method, developed in adult ICU patients. We used the workload index - Nursing Activities Score; the average care time spent and required and the amount of professionals required were calculated using equations and from these data, and from the salary composition of professionals and contractual monthly time values, calculated the cost of direct labor of nursing...
November 21, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759991/percepci%C3%A3-n-de-embarazadas-y-matronas-acerca-de-los-consejos-nutricionales-durante-la-gestaci%C3%A3-n
#17
Rosana Espuig Sebastián, Ana Lucía Noreña Peña, Ernesto Cortés Castel, Juan de Diego González-San
Introducción: el estado nutricional previo de la embarazada, la adecuada ganancia de peso y la ingesta de ciertos nutrientes pueden tener una influencia importante tanto para la madre como para el recién nacido, a corto y largo plazo. Las recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de la Salud son transmitidas durante el control del embarazo por la matrona.Objetivos: analizar los principales estudios sobre la percepción de las embarazadas acerca de los consejos nutricionales recibidos e identificar las estrategias utilizadas por las matronas para su implementación...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676722/translation-and-validation-of-the-shoulder-algo-functional-score-wosi-western-ontario-shoulder-instability-index-wosi-fr
#18
Caroline Perrin, Khiami Frederic, Laurent Beguin, Paul Calmels, Giorgio Gresta, Pascal Edouard
OBJECTIVE: The Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI) is a specific self-questionnaire which measures the functional impact during patients' everyday life activities in order to evaluate the therapeutic care face to a chronic scapula-humeral instability. In his original version in English, it is valid, reliable and sensible to change. The goal of this study is to translate and culturally adapt the original algo-functional score WOSI in French and to evaluate metrological quality of this version with patients suffering of chronic instability after scapula-humeral luxation...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603880/-milk-and-dairy-products-evidence-and-recommendations-in-health-and-disease
#19
María Del Pilar Milke-García, Pedro Arroyo
El presente suplemento tiene como propósito mostrar el contexto y una guía clínica sobre el consumo y papel de la leche de vaca en la alimentación. El contenido considera el papel de la leche y productos lácteos en diferentes estados fisiológicos, etapas de vida y patologías. Se basa en la mejor evidencia científica disponible y está dirigido a profesionales de la salud de diferentes especialidades.
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579933/adherence-to-immunosuppressive-therapy-following-liver-transplantation-an-integrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Ramon Antônio Oliveira, Ruth Natália Teresa Turrini, Vanessa de Brito Poveda
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the evidence available in the literature on non-adherence to immunosuppressive therapy among patients undergoing liver transplantation. METHOD: integrative literature review, including research whose sample consisted of patients aged over 18 years undergoing liver transplantation. It excluded those containing patients undergoing multiple organ transplants. For the selection of articles, Medline / Pubmed, CINAHL, LILACS, Scopus and Embase were searched...
August 29, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
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