keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diagnosis fungal infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329633/comorbidities-of-hospitalized-pemphigus-patients-in-the-united-states
#1
Derek Y Hsu Y Hsu
We sought to determine the comorbid health conditions and inpatient mortality associated with pemphigus in a U.S. inpatient cohort. The 2002-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, which contains a representative 20% stratified sample of all inpatient hospitalizations in the US, was analyzed. Comorbidities were determined through ICD-9-CM codes. Survey weighted multivariate logistic regression models controlling for demographic factors were constructed to determine the association of pemphigus with various comorbidities...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327806/invasive-fungal-infection-in-patients-with-hematologic-disorders-in-a-brazilian-tertiary-care-hospital
#2
Milton Camplesi, Hildene Meneses Silva, Adriano Moraes Arantes, Carolina Rodrigues Costa, Fábio Silvestre Ataides, Thaisa Cristina Silva, Maysa de Paula Costa Dos Reis, Maria do Rosário Rodrigues Silva
INTRODUCTION: Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are an important complication in immunocompromised individuals, particularly neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies. In this study, we aimed to verify the epidemiology and diagnosis of IFIs in patients with hematologic problems at a tertiary hospital in Goiânia-GO, Brazil. METHODS: Data from 117 patients, involving 19 cases of IFIs, were collected. The collected data included diagnosis methods, demographics, clinical characteristics, and in vitro susceptibility to different antifungal agents...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326064/contribution-of-ultra-deep-sequencing-in-the-clinical-diagnosis-of-a-new-fungal-pathogen-species-basidiobolus-meristosporus
#3
Emilie Sitterlé, Christophe Rodriguez, Roman Mounier, Julien Calderaro, Françoise Foulet, Michel Develoux, Jean-Michel Pawlotsky, Françoise Botterel
Some cases of fungal infection remained undiagnosed, especially when the pathogens are uncommon, require specific conditions for in vitro growth, or when several microbial species are present in the specimen. Ultra-Deep Sequencing (UDS) could be considered as a precise tool in the identification of involved pathogens in order to upgrade patient treatment. In this study, we report the implementation of UDS technology in medical laboratory during the follow-up of an atypical fungal infection case. Thanks to UDS technology, we document the first case of gastro-intestinal basidiobolomycosis (GIB) due to Basidiobolus meristosporus...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324243/fungal-keratitis-secondary-to-trametes-betulina-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Joshua S Hardin, Deanna A Sutton, Nathan P Wiederhold, James Mele, Sunali Goyal
PURPOSE: We report the first case of human infection and keratitis secondary to Trametes betulina, a rare filamentous fungus. METHODS: Clinical examination including external and slit-lamp examination and corneal scrapings with microbiologic evaluation were performed on a patient with chronic allergic conjunctivitis, entropion and a long-standing corneal ulcer resistant to treatment. RESULTS: The culture from the corneal scraping revealed a basidiomycetous fungus which was submitted for identification...
March 21, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321075/management-of-pulmonary-mucormycosis-based-on-a-polymerase-chain-reaction-pcr-diagnosis-in-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies-a-report-of-four-cases
#5
Kazuko Ino, Kazunori Nakase, Akiko Nakamura, Yoshiki Nakamori, Yumiko Sugawara, Kana Miyazaki, Fumihiko Monma, Atsushi Fujieda, Yuka Sugimoto, Kohshi Ohishi, Masahiro Masuya, Naoyuki Katayama
Pulmonary mucormycosis (PM) is a life-threatening fungal infection in patients with hematologic malignancies, and early and accurate diagnostic modalities are urgently needed. We conducted a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting these fungi in peripheral blood from four patients with hematologic malignancies who were strongly suspected of having PM. In these four patients, the Rhizopus species was identified in two patients, and the Cunninghamella and Absidia species in one each. Based on these molecular findings, all of the patients were successfully treated via targeted therapy with liposomal amphotericin B...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318823/cutaneous-fungal-infections-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#6
REVIEW
Muneeb Ilyas, Amit Sharma
Although there is an abundance of information on cutaneous malignancies in transplant recipients, information on cutaneous infections in solid organ transplant recipients is underrepresented in dermatologic and transplant literature. Our paper provides a comprehensive review of fungal cutaneous infections within the solid organ transplant population. We compiled literature specific to the solid organ transplant population, reviewing cutaneous manifestations owing to fungal infections. Furthermore, we discuss the diagnosis and treatment of such infections...
March 11, 2017: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318195/-serratia-infections-should-we-think-about-primary-immunodeficiencies
#7
Alicia Montaner Ramón, Laura Murillo Sanjuán, Cristina Martínez Faci, Carmelo Guerrero Laleona, Carmen Rodríguez-Vigil Iturrate
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency with an incidence of 1/200,000-250,000 live births. CGD affects mainly male patients, most of the mutations being X-linked, and autosomal recessive forms occur more frequently in communities with greater numbers of consanguineous marriages. CGD is characterized by sensitivity to recurrent and severe bacterial and fungal infections, with formation of granulomas due to the inability of phagocytes to generate reactive oxygen compounds, necessary for the intracellular death of phagocytic microorganisms...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317569/oral-fungal-infections-diagnosis-and-management
#8
REVIEW
David R Telles, Niraj Karki, Michael W Marshall
Oral and maxillofacial fungal infections can appear in high-risk patients, including those immunocompromised. This article explores common oral manifestations of fungal infections in the oral cavity as primary lesions or as a result of disseminated disease. By far the most common oral fungal infection experienced in dentistry is oral candidiasis, which is reviewed in depth from simple oral infections to invasive candidiasis. The review aids the dental practitioner in understanding the full scope of Candida infections and other fungal infections...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303817/screening-of-invasive-fungal-infections-by-a-real-time-panfungal-pan-acf-polymerase-chain-reaction-assay-in-patients-with-haematological-malignancy
#9
Malini Rajinder Capoor, Shikha Puri, Hitesh Raheja, Ritin Mohindra, Dinesh Kumar Gupta, Pradeep Kumar Verma, Ranadeep Chowdhary
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infection (IFI) is a fatal infection in haematology patients. There is an urgent need for reliable screening methods facilitating timely diagnosis and treatment. A real-time panfungal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay based on TaqMan technology targeting 18S ribosomal RNA gene was used to screen whole blood specimen obtained from series of Haematology malignancy patients for IFIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The panfungal (Pan-ACF) assay was employed to investigate specimen from 133 patients in duplicate with suspected IFI...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300886/disseminated-cryptococcosis-manifested-as-a-single-tumor-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-similar-to-the-cutaneous-primary-forms
#10
Danielle Mechereffe do Amaral, Ritha de Cássia Capelato Rocha, Luiz Euribel Prestes Carneiro, Dewton Moraes Vasconcelos, Marilda Aparecida Milanez Morgado de Abreu
Cryptococcosis is a fungal infection caused by Cryptococcus neoformans that tends to affect immunocompromised individuals. The fungi are mostly acquired by inhalation, which leads to an initial pulmonary infection. Later, other organs - such as the central nervous system and the skin - can be affected by hematogenous spread. In addition, cutaneous contamination can occur by primary inoculation after injuries (primary cutaneous cryptococcosis), whose diagnosis is defined based on the absence of systemic involvement...
September 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297793/-research-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-liver-failure-in-2016
#11
F J Yang, L Peng, Y Y Liu, Z L Gao, T Han, J R Huang
Liver failure has various clinical types, a complex pathogenesis, and rapid disease progression, as well as a high mortality rate. Liver failure caused by hepatitis B virus infection is the most common type in China with severe conditions, various complications, and a mortality rate as high as 40%-90%. Invasive fungal disease secondary to acute-on-chronic liver failure can affect patients' prognosis and increase mortality rate. This article introduces the research advances in hepatitis B-related liver failure, artificial liver, and invasive fungal disease secondary to acute-on-chronic liver failure in 2016...
February 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295235/cutaneous-manifestations-of-subcutaneous-and-systemic-fungal-infections-in-tropical-regions-a-retrospective-study-from-a-referral-center-in-southern-taiwan
#12
Wen-Chien Tsai, Chih-Hung Lee, Wei-Min Wu, Shang-Hung Lin, Yi-Chien Yang, Yu-Wen Cheng, Ji-Chen Ho, Kwei-Lan Liu
BACKGROUND: Deep cutaneous fungal infections, including subcutaneous mycoses and systemic fungal infection with cutaneous involvement, cause significant morbidity and mortality in light of increasing immunocompromised patients and global warming. Although a few studies reviewed deep fungal infections in temperate regions, a relevant study in tropical regions is lacking. We evaluated features of deep cutaneous fungal infections in southern Taiwan among the tropical regions. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all histopathological specimens with deep cutaneous fungal infections in a single referral center from 2001 to 2014 and successfully identified 23 cases...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290115/sonication-of-arthroplasty-implants-improves-accuracy-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection-cultures
#13
REVIEW
Adam C Rothenberg, Alan E Wilson, John P Hayes, Michael J O'Malley, Brian A Klatt
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that sonication of explanted prosthetic hip and knee arthroplasty components with culture of the sonication fluid may enhance diagnostic sensitivity. Previous studies on the use of implant sonicate cultures have evaluated diagnostic thresholds but did not elaborate on the clinical importance of positive implant sonicate cultures in the setting of presumed aseptic revisions and did not utilize consensus statements on periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) diagnosis when defining their gold standard for infection...
March 13, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289755/-necrotizing-fasciitis-of-the-upper-and-lower-extremities
#14
M Kückelhaus, T Hirsch, M Lehnhardt, A Daigeler
Necrotizing fasciitis is a potentially fatal soft tissue infection that may affect the upper and lower extremities, scrotum, perineum and abdominal wall. Typically, the infection demonstrates rapid spreading along the fascial planes leading to sepsis with mortality rates of 15-46%. Without adequate treatment, the mortality rate increases to close to 100%. There are four groups of pathogens that can lead to necrotizing fasciitis, namely beta-hemolytic group A streptococci, mixed infections with obligate and facultative anaerobes, clostridium species and fungal infections...
March 13, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283015/-cutaneous-larva-migrans-in-turkey-an-imported-case-report
#15
Meliha Çağla Sönmezer, Şebnem Erdinç, Necla Tülek, Cahit Babür, Ayşe Büyükdemirci, Tuba İlgar, Günay Ertem
Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a parasitic infection most commonly found in tropical and subtropical areas. However, with the ease and increase of foreign travel to many countries around the world, the infection is not limited to these areas. CLM is an erythematous, serpiginous infection with skin eruption caused by percutaneous penetration of the larvae to the skin. In this report, a case diagnosed as imported CLM after an Amazon trip and treated with albendazole was presented. A 36 year-old male patient admitted to infectious diseases clinic with intense itching, erythematous, raised, streaklike serpiginious eruptionand some redness at bilateral foot especially at the right foot for about one week...
January 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279173/a-super-infection-in-the-cornea-caused-by-stemphylium-acremonium-and-%C3%AE-streptococcus
#16
Fumika Hotta, Hiroshi Eguchi, Keiko Nishimura, Masahiro Kogiso, Mayumi Ishimaru, Shunji Kusaka, Yoshikazu Shimomura, Takashi Yaguchi
BACKGROUND: Polymicrobial keratitis with fungus and bacteria can lead to blindness and is challenging to treat. Here, we introduce a case of fungal keratitis caused by two different strains in addition to definite bacterial super-infection caused by an α-Streptococcus sp., and describe the importance of microscopic examination. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old woman, who had a past history of infection with leprosy, presented with conjunctival hyperaemia, pain, and corneal opacity in her right eye...
March 9, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275494/chronic-pulmonary-mucormycosis-an-emerging-fungal-infection-in-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Nousheen Iqbal, Muhammad Irfan, Kauser Jabeen, Murtaza Mohammed Kazmi, Muhammad Usman Tariq
Mucormycosis commonly affects immunocompromised individuals with defects in neutrophil function or count. Diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor due to impair innate and acquired immunity for mucormycosis, with rhino-orbital-cerebral involvement as a common presentation. Pulmonary mucormycosis (PM) although a rare presentation in diabetic patients but is associated with high mortality and morbidity. An early diagnosis of PM is difficult, due to rarity of the disease and clinical and radiological features resembling tuberculosis (TB) which is common in Pakistan...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273967/co-infection-of-candidaparapsilosis-in-a-patient-of-pulmonary-actinomycosis-a-rare-case-report
#18
Purbasha Ghosh, Indrajit Gupta, Mousumi Kar, Poulami Nandi, Prosenjit Naskar
The diagnosis of pulmonary actinomycosis is difficult and less than 10% of cases are diagnosed at the initial presentation. Actinomycosis is always poly-microbial flora infection in human. On the other hand, Candida parapsilosis is an emerging fungal pathogen especially in immuno-compromised patients. Combined bacterial-fungal infection increases frequency and severity of the disease. This report is a case of a Candida parapsilosis co-infection in a 23-year-old male patient having pulmonary actinomycosis. This thereby could guide the clinicians towards an appropriate therapy...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272067/prompt-diagnosis-of-scedosporium-apiospermum-soft-tissue-infection-life-saving-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient
#19
R Ghosh, P Mishra, P K Maiti, A Debnandi
Scedosporium apiospermum, an ubiquitous filamentous fungus, a known cause of mycetoma, is emerging as an opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised individuals. We report a case of painful foot abscess in a renal allograft recipient on immunosuppressive therapy, which was clinically diagnosed as a suppurative bacterial abscess. Pus was aspirated, which showed septate, branching hyphal elements and culture on Sabouraud's dextrose agar yielded S. apiospermum, which was identified based on its macroscopic and microscopic features...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270734/successful-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-mucormycosis-in-an-adult-with-acute-leukemia-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
A Alghamdi, A Lutynski, M Minden, C Rotstein
Mucormycosis has emerged as an important cause of invasive fungal infection in patients with hematologic malignancies. Gastrointestinal mucormycosis is an unusual presentation of this invasive fungal infection, and it causes considerable morbidity and mortality. Such outcomes are due in part to a nonspecific presentation that results in delays in diagnosis and treatment. Successful treatment of gastrointestinal mucormycosis involves surgical debridement and appropriate antifungal therapy.
February 2017: Current Oncology
keyword
keyword
57070
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"