keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mycoses

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937623/antifungal-activity-of-thapsia-villosa-essential-oil-against-candida-cryptococcus-malassezia-aspergillus-and-dermatophyte-species
#1
Eugénia Pinto, Maria-José Gonçalves, Carlos Cavaleiro, Lígia Salgueiro
The composition of the essential oil (EO) of Thapsia villosa (Apiaceae), isolated by hydrodistillation from the plant's aerial parts, was analysed by GC and GC-MS. Antifungal activity of the EO and its main components, limonene (57.5%) and methyleugenol (35.9%), were evaluated against clinically relevant yeasts (Candida spp., Cryptococcus neoformans and Malassezia furfur) and moulds (Aspergillus spp. and dermatophytes). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were measured according to the broth macrodilution protocols by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)...
September 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920790/pharmacokinetics-efficacy-and-safety-of-voriconazole-and-itraconazole-in-healthy-cottonmouths-agkistrodon-piscivorus-and-massasauga-rattlesnakes-sistrurus-catenatus-with-snake-fungal-disease
#2
Dana M Lindemann, Matthew C Allender, Marta Rzadkowska, Grace Archer, Lauren Kane, Eric Baitchman, Elizabeth A Driskell, Caroline T Chu, Kuldeep Singh, Shih-Hsuan Hsiao, John M Sykes, Sherry Cox
Snake fungal disease (SFD; Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola) is posing a significant threat to several free-ranging populations of pitvipers. Triazole antifungals have been proposed for the treatment of mycoses in reptiles; however, data are lacking about their safety and efficacy in snakes with SFD. Study 1 investigated in vitro susceptibility, and identified that plasma concentrations >250 ng/ml (voriconazole) and >1,000 ng/ml (itraconazole) may be effective in vivo for SFD. In Study 2, the pharmacokinetics after a single subcutaneous voriconazole injection were assessed in apparently healthy free-ranging cottonmouths (Agkistrodon piscivorus)...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918972/-mycological-and-parasitological-examinations-in-the-management-of-lung-infections
#3
REVIEW
L Lachaud, J P Gangneux
Pulmonary parasitic diseases are rare whereas pulmonary fungal infections are increasing. The diversity of clinical presentations requires laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis. Direct examination of lung samples and antibody detection are the basis of parasitological diagnosis. With regard to mycoses, the range of biological tests is broader. The conventional mycological examination allows identification of any type of fungus except Pneumocystis jirovecii. Its specificity is excellent but it lacks sensitivity...
September 14, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894556/how-we-manage-invasive-fungal-disease-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-patients-with-glucose-6-dehydrogenase-deficiency
#4
Marco Sanna, Giovanni Caocci, Giorgio La Nasa
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) represents a common human enzyme defect, particularly prevalent in the Mediterranean, African e Asian area, where malaria was or is still endemic. Recently, we identified G6PD deficiency as a risk factor for developing invasive fungal disease (IFD) and particularly Candida Sepsis in patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), suggesting that there is an urgent need for strategies to properly manage this kind of patients at high risk of invasive mycoses...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890395/the-antifungal-arsenal-alternative-drugs-and-future-targets
#5
Nathan P Wiederhold
Clinically available antifungals for the treatment of invasive fungal infections primarily target either ergosterol in the fungal cell membrane or 1,3-β-D-glucan in the fungal cell wall. These classes include the polyene amphotericin B, the triazoles, and the echinocandins. Although newer antifungals and improved formulations of others have advanced our ability to treat patients with invasive mycoses, these drugs are often limited by toxicities, drug interactions, and the need for intravenous administration...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889931/isolation-and-antifungal-activity-evaluation-of-satureja%C3%A2-khuzestanica-jamzad-extract-against-some-clinically-important-dermatophytes
#6
B Sadeghi-Nejad, A Rezaei-Matehkolaei, S Yusef Naanaie
Among the fungi, dermatophytes are the major cause of spectrum of superficial mycoses medically known as dermatophytosis (tinea) in human and animal. Treatment of these infections has still remained difficult. The aim of this survey was to evaluate in vitro anti-dermatophytic activity of ethanolic extract (EtOH) from Satureja khuzestanica leaf (SKLE) against some clinically important dermatophyte species from the genera of Trichophyton, Microsporum and Epidermophyton. Minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) of SKLE was tested against 14 dermatophyte strains of 5 species by using agar dilution method...
September 7, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870728/clinical-use-of-fungal-pcr-from-deep-tissue-samples-in-the-diagnosis-of-invasive-fungal-diseases-a-retrospective-observational-study
#7
Mari Ala-Houhala, Pirkko Koukila-Kähkölä, Jenni Antikainen, Jaana Valve, Juha Kirveskari, Veli-Jukka Anttila
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the clinical use of panfungal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of invasive fungal diseases (IFDs). We focused on the deep tissue samples. METHODS: We first described the design of panfungal PCR, which is in clinical use at Helsinki University Hospital. Secondly, we retrospectively evaluated the results of 307 fungal PCR tests performed from 2013-2015. Samples were taken from normally sterile tissues and fluids. The patient population was non-selected...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864921/invasive-pulmonary-fungal-infections-in-cystic-fibrosis
#8
Carsten Schwarz, Claudia Brandt, Paul Whitaker, Sivagurunathan Sutharsan, Heino Skopnik, Silvia Gartner, Christina Smazny, Jobst F Röhmel
Invasive pulmonary mycosis is after allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) a frequent and severe complication of CF lung disease. Among CF caregivers, there is an insecurity when and how to treat infections of the lung parenchyma caused by different fungi in patients with CF. This case series provides a multicenter experience on diagnostic, manifestation, and treatment of non-ABPA cases of pulmonary. Non-ABPA cases of pulmonary mycoses in patients with CF have been collected from the CF Centers in Berlin, Essen, Worms, Frankfurt (Germany), Leeds (UK), and Barcelona (Spain)...
September 1, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857979/coccidioidomycosis-involving-lungs-and-skin-a-mimicker-of-metastatic-disease
#9
Barbara Saenz-Ibarra, Victor G Prieto, Carlos A Torres-Cabala, Auris Huen, Priyadharsini Nagarajan, Michael T Tetzlaff, Jonathan L Curry, Doina Ivan, Phyu P Aung
Coccidioidomycosis is the major systemic mycoses, considered to be 1 of the most infectious fungal diseases. In symptomatic patients, the most common manifestation is pulmonary disease, but many other organs can be affected. Disseminated disease occurs in 1%-5% of all patients affected by coccidioidomycosis and can affect any organ, with the skin, central nervous system, and musculoskeletal system being reported as the most prevalent. Here, we report a 42-year-old male farmer from the west Texas who presented with an approximately 2-month history of progressive shortness of breath and dyspnea on exertion, weight loss, and night sweats...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855479/epidemiology-of-zygomycosis-analysis-of-national-data-from-pathological-autopsy-cases-in-japan
#10
Yuhko Suzuki, Hikaru Kume, Tomiteru Togano, Hitoshi Ohto
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: To identify recent trends in the frequency of zygomycosis in autopsy cases, we conducted epidemiological analysis every four years from 1989 to 2009 using national data reported in the "Annual of Pathological Autopsy Cases in Japan." RESULTS: 153,615 cases were autopsied, of which 6622 (4.3%) were found to have had mycosis. Among these, there were 243 cases (3.7%) of zygomycosis, which was the fourth most predominant causative agent of mycoses among the monopathogen mycoses...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852411/prevalence-etiology-and-risk-factors-of-tinea-pedis-and-tinea-unguium-in-tunisia
#11
Nourchène Toukabri, Cyrine Dhieb, Dalenda El Euch, Mustapha Rouissi, Mourad Mokni, Najla Sadfi-Zouaoui
BACKGROUND: Foot mycoses are a frequent disease that represents a public health problem worldwide. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the epidemiology of foot mycoses among Tunisian patients, in order to determine the fungal etiological agents and to identify possible risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study of three hundred and ninety-two patients was undertaken during one year (2013-2014). All subjects were asked to collect demographic data related to the risk factors of foot mycoses...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833587/cutaneous-disseminated-sporotrichosis-clinical-experience-of-24-cases
#12
Alexandro Bonifaz, Andrés Tirado-Sánchez, Vanesa Paredes-Solís, Rodrigo Cepeda-Valdés, Gloria María González, Rogelio de J Treviño-Rangel, Leonel Fierro-Arias
Sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis, caused by complex Sporothrix schenckii, It is the most common implantation mycoses in worldwide. It is a polymorphic disease, cutaneous-lymphatic is the most frequent (75-90%).(1-3) We report our 25 years' experience (1990-2015) in cutaneous disseminated sporotrichosis (CDS). We conducted, an open, retrospective and observational study. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 22, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831671/opportunistic-invasive-mycoses-in-aids-cryptococcosis-histoplasmosis-coccidiodomycosis-and-talaromycosis
#13
REVIEW
Daniel B Chastain, Andrés F Henao-Martínez, Carlos Franco-Paredes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to provide an update on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of opportunistic fungal infections in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection including Cryptococcus spp., Histoplasma spp., Coccidioides spp., and Talaromyces marneffei, formerly Penicillium marneffei. RECENT FINDINGS: In many settings, despite increasing roll out of antiretroviral therapy (ART), opportunistic invasive mycoses produce a substantial burden of disease...
August 22, 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820494/immune-response-patterns-and-next-generation-sequencing-diagnostics-for-the-detection-of-mycoses-in-patients-with-septic-shock-results-of-a-combined-clinical-and-experimental-investigation
#14
Sebastian O Decker, Annette Sigl, Christian Grumaz, Philip Stevens, Yevhen Vainshtein, Stefan Zimmermann, Markus A Weigand, Stefan Hofer, Kai Sohn, Thorsten Brenner
Fungi are of increasing importance in sepsis. However, culture-based diagnostic procedures are associated with relevant weaknesses. Therefore, culture- and next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based fungal findings as well as corresponding plasma levels of β-d-glucan, interferon gamma (INF-γ), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-2, -4, -6, -10, -17A, and mid-regional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) were evaluated in 50 septic patients at six consecutive time points within 28 days after sepsis onset...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#15
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794959/cutaneous-lesions-due-to-trichosporon-jirovecii-in-a-tortoise-testudo-hermanni
#16
Simona Nardoni, Marco Salvadori, Alessandro Poli, Guido Rocchigiani, Francesca Mancianti
Cutaneous mycoses have been rarely reported in Chelonians. A Testudo hermanni adult male showed a thick erosion of the dorsal neck covered by necrotic material. Trichosporon sp. was cultivated, while arthrospores and hyphae were observed in histological sections. The causative agent was identified as Trichosporon jirovecii by PCR. After a surgical intervention povidone iodine and Iruxol® ointment were daily administered through the drainage for 2 weeks, along with enrofloxacin 5 mg diluted in saline 0.5 ml via the intracelomatic route...
December 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774700/immunotherapeutic-approaches-to-treatment-of-fungal-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Darius Armstrong-James, Gordon D Brown, Mihai G Netea, Teresa Zelante, Mark S Gresnigt, Frank L van de Veerdonk, Stuart M Levitz
Fungal infections cause morbidity worldwide and are associated with an unacceptably high mortality despite the availability of antifungal drugs. The incidence of mycoses is rising because of the HIV pandemic and because immunomodulatory drugs are increasingly used to treat autoimmune diseases and cancer. New classes of antifungal drugs have only been partly successful in improving the prognosis for patients with fungal infection. Adjunctive host-directed therapy is therefore believed to be the only option to further improve patient outcomes...
July 31, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774696/neglected-endemic-mycoses
#18
REVIEW
Flavio Queiroz-Telles, Ahmed Hassan Fahal, Diego R Falci, Diego H Caceres, Tom Chiller, Alessandro C Pasqualotto
Fungi often infect mammalian hosts via the respiratory route, but traumatic transcutaneous implantation is also an important source of infections. Environmental exposure to spores of pathogenic fungi can result in subclinical and unrecognised syndromes, allergic manifestations, and even overt disease. After traumatic cutaneous inoculation, several fungi can cause neglected mycoses such as sporotrichosis, chromoblastomycosis, mycetoma, entomophthoramycosis, and lacaziosis. Most of these diseases have a subacute to chronic course and they can become recalcitrant to therapy and lead to physical disabilities, including inability to work, physical deformities, and amputations...
July 31, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767050/filamentous-fungal-human-pathogens-from-food-emphasising-aspergillus-fusarium-and-mucor
#19
REVIEW
R Russell M Paterson, Nelson Lima
Disease caused by filamentous fungal human pathogens (FFHP) is increasing. These organisms cause severe mycoses in immunosuppressed individuals, such as those: (a) with AIDS; (b) having undergone transplantation; and/or (c) undergoing chemotherapy. Immunocompetent people can become infected. Some FFHP are isolated from foods which may be fomites. However, the information concerning particular species on specific food is large, dispersed and difficult to obtain. Reports of filamentous fungi from food/crops and causing human disease are frequently only available in the literature of food mycology/plant pathology and medical mycology, respectively: it is seldom cross-referenced...
August 2, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732779/characterization-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-a-cunninghamella-bertholletiae-isolate-from-a-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-truncatus
#20
M Rosa Bragulat, Gemma Castellá, Marcos Isidoro-Ayza, Mariano Domingo, F Javier Cabañes
BACKGROUND: Cunninghamella is a genus of the order Mucorales which includes saprophytic species, rarely causing mycoses. The most frequently reported in human mycoses is the thermophilic species Cunninghamella bertholletiae. However, this species does not appear to cause mucormycosis in animals, so there is scarce information about C. bertholletiae isolates from animals. AIMS: In this paper we describe the phenotypic and genotypic characterization, and the phylogenetic analysis, of an isolate of C...
July 18, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
keyword
keyword
57069
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"