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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213689/serious-fungal-infections-in-egypt
#1
S M Zaki, D W Denning
We aimed to estimate the burden of serious fungal infections in Egypt, currently unknown, based on the size of the populations at risk and available epidemiological data. Data were obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO), the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and published reports with clearcut denominators. When no data existed, risk populations were used to estimate frequencies of fungal infections, using previously described methodology. The population of Egypt in 2011 was ∼82,500,000; 31% children, and 8% women >60 years of age...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188493/serious-fungal-infections-in-chile
#2
E Alvarez Duarte, D W Denning
The incidence and prevalence of fungal infections in Chile are unknown. Here, we have estimated the burden of serious fungal diseases from data obtained from clinical reports, WHO reports, Chilean census, OECD reports and comprehensive literature search available on PubMed and SciELO, among other scientific resources. Due the lack of official data about fungal diseases, frequencies were calculated based on the specific populations at risk. Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (>4 episodes/year) is estimated to occur in 3108/100,000...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178337/prospective-multicenter-german-study-on-pulmonary-colonization-with-scedosporium-lomentospora-species-in-cystic-fibrosis-epidemiology-and-new-association-factors
#3
Carsten Schwarz, Claudia Brandt, Elisabeth Antweiler, Alexander Krannich, Doris Staab, Sabina Schmitt-Grohé, Rainald Fischer, Dominik Hartl, Anja Thronicke, Kathrin Tintelnot
BACKGROUND: An increasing rate of respiratory colonization and infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by fungi of the Scedosporium apiospermum species complex or Lomentospora prolificans (Sac-Lp). These fungi rank second among the filamentous fungi colonizing the CF airways, after Aspergillus fumigatus. However, the epidemiology, clinical relevance and risk of pulmonary colonization with Sac-Lp are rarely understood in CF. The objective of the present prospective multicenter study was to study pathogen distribution and determine association factors of pulmonary Sac-Lp colonization in patients with CF...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161740/serious-fungal-infections-in-ecuador
#4
J Zurita, D W Denning, A Paz-Y-Miño, M B Solís, L M Arias
There is a dearth of data from Ecuador on the burden of life-threatening fungal disease entities; therefore, we estimated the burden of serious fungal infections in Ecuador based on the populations at risk and available epidemiological databases and publications. A full literature search was done to identify all epidemiology papers reporting fungal infection rates. WHO, ONU-AIDS, Index Mundi, Global Asthma Report, Globocan, and national data [Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC), Ministerio de Salud Pública (MSP), Sociedad de Lucha Contra el Cáncer (SOLCA), Instituto Nacional de Donación y Trasplante de Órganos, Tejidos y Células (INDOT)] were reviewed...
February 4, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159752/studies-of-an-androgen-binding-protein-knockout-corroborate-a-role-for-salivary-abp-in-mouse-communication
#5
Amanda G Chung, Phillip M Belone, Barbora Vošlajerová Bímová, Robert M Karn, Christina M Laukaitis
The house mouse Androgen-binding protein (Abp) gene family is comprised of 64 paralogs, 30 Abpa and 34 Abpbg, encoding the alpha (ABPA) and betagamma (ABPBG) protein subunits that are disulfide-bridged to form dimers in secretions. Only 14 Abp genes are expressed in distinct patterns in the lacrimal (11) and submandibular glands (3). We created a knockout mouse line lacking two of the three genes expressed in submandibular glands, Abpa27 and Abpbg27, by replacing them with the neomycin resistance gene. The knockout genotype (-/-) showed no Abpa27 or Abpbg27 transcripts in submandibular gland cDNA libraries and there was a concomitant lack of protein expression of ABPA27 and ABPBG27 in the -/- genotype saliva, shown by elimination of these two proteins from the saliva proteome and the loss of cross-reactive material in the acinar cells of the submandibular glands...
February 3, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053855/two-cases-of-non-cystic-fibrosis-cf-bronchiectasis-with-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis
#6
Hriday De, Syed Md Azad, Prabhas P Giri, Priyankar Pal, Apurba Ghosh, Anirban Maitra
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a complex hypersensitivity reaction in patients with asthma or cystic fibrosis (CF), which is associated with bronchi colonized by the fungus Aspergillus species, most often Aspergillus fumigatus. ABPA is an important consideration for asthmatics that do not respond to asthma management or with recurrent chest infections and deteriorating lung function in children with cystic fibrosis. We present two cases of non CF bronchiectasis associated with ABPA who presented to our hospital with recurrent hospitalisations of undiagnosed aetiology...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017359/mucin-secreting-cells-in-the-stomach-and-colon-are-altered-by-combination-antiretroviral-treatment-in-an-obese-rat-model
#7
Danélle Truter, Hans Strijdom, Frans Everson, Sanet H Kotzé
Mucins, secreted by intestinal goblet cells, form an integral part of the intestinal biofilm, which is important for the functioning of a healthy gastrointestinal tract (GIT). This mucous layer is sensitive to factors such as diet, drugs and inflammation. Histochemically, mucins can be classified as neutral or acidic, where acidic mucins can contain sulphate groups (sulphomucins) or sialic acid (sialomucins). The aim of the present study was to determine the composition of various mucin secreting cells using histochemical stains in rats fed on a high calorie diet (HCD) treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
December 22, 2016: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993289/beneficial-effects-of-omalizumab-therapy-in-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-a-synthesis-review-of-published-literature
#8
REVIEW
Jian-Xiong Li, Li-Chao Fan, Man-Hui Li, Wei-Jun Cao, Jin-Fu Xu
Omalizumab, a humanized mAb that binds to IgE, has been an effective therapy for patients with severe allergic asthma; however, there are few clinical trials examining the efficacy of Omalizumab in patients with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) except some case reports. To assess the clinical and immunological effects of Omalizumab in ABPA patients, we made a synthesis review of 102 cases from 30 published literature, analyzed the effects of Omalizumab therapy in ABPA and conducted subgroup analyses to determine factors that influenced the therapy endpoints...
January 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986496/medical-diagnostics-for-indoor-mold-exposure
#9
REVIEW
Julia Hurraß, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Gerhard A Wiesmüller
In April 2016, the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventative Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin (GHUP)) together with other scientific medical societies, German and Austrian medical societies, physician unions and experts has provided an AWMF (Association of the Scientific Medical Societies) guideline 'Medical diagnostics for indoor mold exposure'. This guideline shall help physicians to advise and treat patients exposed indoors to mold. Indoor mold growth is a potential health risk, even without a quantitative and/or causal association between the occurrence of individual mold species and health effects...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964950/question-11-how-should-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-abpa-be-managed-in-cystic-fibrosis
#10
REVIEW
Mon Ohn, Paul Robinson, Hiran Selvadurai, Dominic A Fitzgerald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846662/-the-lymphoid-variant-of-hes-l-hes-as-differential-diagnose-of-severe-asthma-in-childhood
#11
T Leu, S Rauthe, C Wirth, H-U Simon, V Kunzmann, H Hebestreit, S Kunzmann
Based on a case report an overview on the differential diagnostic considerations with respect to blood hypereosinophilia (HE) and hypereosinophilic syndromes (HES) in childhood is given. A 13-year-old boy was admitted for the clarification of an asthma. In the blood count an increased HE with 3 500/µl (30%) was found along with elevated total serum IgE and IL-5 level (2 000 IU/ml and 17 pg/ml). Lung function showed an obstruction (FEV1 38%). Radiologically the picture of bronchiectasis and mucus pluggine appeared...
November 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820955/antifungal-therapies-for-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-in-people-with-cystic-fibrosis
#12
REVIEW
Heather E Elphick, Kevin W Southern
BACKGROUND: Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an allergic reaction to colonisation of the lungs with the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus and affects around 10% of people with cystic fibrosis. ABPA is associated with an accelerated decline in lung function. High doses of corticosteroids are the main treatment for ABPA; although the long-term benefits are not clear, their many side effects are well-documented. A group of compounds, the azoles, have activity against Aspergillus fumigatus and have been proposed as an alternative treatment for ABPA...
8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814579/the-emergence-of-aspergillus-species-in-chronic-respiratory-disease
#13
Anthony Ca Yii, Mariko S Koh, Therese S Lapperre, Gan L Tan, Sanjay H Chotirmall
Chronic lung disease is recognized as an important risk factor for developing pulmonary aspergillosis. The development of specific aspergillus-associated syndromes depends on host immunity and underlying lung disease. In the setting of asthma, hypersensitivity to Aspergillus can lead to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) or severe asthma with fungal sensitization (SAFS). Chronic use of systemic or inhaled corticosteroids coupled with recurrent antibiotic use for exacerbations prevalent in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) predisposes to chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA)...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805757/the-relationship-between-biomarkers-of-fungal-allergy-and-lung-damage-in-asthma
#14
K F Woolnough, M Richardson, C Newby, M Craner, M Bourne, W Monteiro, S Siddiqui, P Bradding, C H Pashley, A J Wardlaw
BACKGROUND: Immunological biomarkers are the key to the diagnosis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and fungal sensitisation, but how these relate to clinically relevant outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess how fungal immunological biomarkers are related to fixed airflow obstruction and radiological abnormalities in moderate to severe asthma. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 431 asthmatics. Inflammatory biomarkers, lung function and an IgE fungal panel to colonising filamentous fungi, yeasts and fungal aeroallergens were measured...
January 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794529/bronchiectasis-and-aspergillus-how-are-they-linked
#15
Anthony De Soyza, Stefano Aliberti
Bronchiectasis is a chronic airway infection syndrome, distinct from cystic fibrosis that is rising in prevalence and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It can be caused by many etiologies including post-infectious effects or be seen in common lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or severe asthma. Bronchiectasis is associated with many Aspergillus-associated syndromes: allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) may complicate asthma, thus leading to bronchiectasis as part of the diagnostic criteria of ABPA or can complicate preexisting bronchiectasis due to another etiology...
January 1, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744712/developments-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis
#16
Ritesh Agarwal, Inderpaul S Sehgal, Sahajal Dhooria, Ashutosh N Aggarwal
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a complex pulmonary disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of wheezing, fleeting pulmonary opacities and bronchiectasis. It is the most prevalent of the Aspergillus disorders with an estimated five million cases worldwide. Despite six decades of research, the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of this condition remains controversial. The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology has formed a working group to resolve the controversies around this entity...
December 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734646/cavitary-lung-lesions-in-a-difficult-to-treat-asthma-patient
#17
R Ragesh, Animesh Ray, Agrima Mian, Surabhi Vyas, S K Sharma
We describe an interesting case of severe asthma who was not showing satisfactory response to standard treatment. Investigations revealed him to be suffering from allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). After starting systemic steroids he showed marked improvement initially only to have recurrent symptoms within a year. He was investigated further and found to have chronic pulmonary aspergillosis in the form of chronic cavitary pulmonary aspergillosis (CCPA) and aspergilloma as also the presence of selective IgA deficiency...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717223/case-series-of-omalizumab-for-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#18
Raphaële Nové-Josserand, Soazic Grard, Lila Auzou, Philippe Reix, Marlène Murris-Espin, François Brémont, Benyebka Mammar, Laurent Mely, Dominique Hubert, Isabelle Durieu, Pierre-Régis Burgel
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) affects up to 15% of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Corticosteroids are used as first-line therapy, but relapse and adverse effects commonly occur. Case reports have suggested the efficacy of the anti-IgE recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody omalizumab. A retrospective multicenter observational French study retrieved 32 CF patients (11 children and 21 adults) who have received omalizumab for more than 3 months in the context of ABPA. Clinical characteristics, concomitant medications (inhaled and oral corticosteroids, antifungal drugs), lung function, body mass index (BMI), and serum IgE were compared at the start and during the first year of omalizumab therapy...
February 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708669/genetic-susceptibility-to-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-in-asthma-a-genetic-association-study
#19
Nicola L D Overton, David W Denning, Paul Bowyer, Angela Simpson
BACKGROUND: In patients with asthma, the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus can cause allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). Familial ABPA is reported, and some genetic factors have been associated with the disease, however, these are small studies (n ≤ 38) and do not explain all cases of ABPA. METHODS: We analysed SNPs in 95 ABPA patients, comparing frequencies to 152 atopic asthmatic and 279 healthy controls. Twenty two genes were selected from literature, and 195 tagging SNPs were analysed for genetic association with ABPA using logistic regression corrected for multiple testing...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608478/clinical-and-radiological-signs-of-abpa-associated-with-airways-infection-with-aspergillus-in-the-absence-of-specific-ige
#20
F Sunzini, C Barbato, C Canofari, L Lugari, R Perricone, A Bergamini
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a hypersensitivity reaction to Aspergillus that mainly affects patients with asthma. For diagnosis, elevated serum IgE level are needed according to Greenberger and Patterson criteria. We report a case of 43 years-old woman who developed ABPA with productive cough, fever and radiological findings of multiple confluent areas of consolidation in both upper lobes. Laboratory tests showed elevated peripheral eosinophil counts (9.3 x 10(3)/ml). In bronchial washing A...
September 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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