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rheumatoid arthritis and ITP

Xiaojie Yu, Alan H Lazarus
Self-reactive antibodies represent a significant force in autoimmune disease induction. In antibody-dependent autoimmune syndromes such as immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), myasthenia gravis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), autoantibodies exert their inflammatory effect through FcγRs, a well-established class of cell surface receptors that interact with the Fc domain of IgG. Down-regulating FcγR functionality presents an attractive strategy to treat antibody-dependent autoimmune diseases...
June 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Ning-Ning Shan, Li-Li Dong, Xiao-Mei Zhang, Xin Liu, Ying Li
Autophagy involves the sequestration and lysosomal degradation of various cytoplasmic structures, including damaged organelles and invading microorganisms. Autophagy is not only an essential cell-intrinsic mechanism for protecting against internal and external stress conditions but is also key in the cellular response against microbes, in antigen processing for major histocompatibility complex (MHC) presentation, and in lymphocyte development, survival, and proliferation. In recent years, perturbations in autophagy have been implicated in a number of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and multiple sclerosis (MS)...
April 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Constantin A Dasanu, Bruno Bockorny, Joanna Grabska, Ion Codreanu
BACKGROUND: Increased risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in patients with autoimmune diseases is a known fact. An association may exist between marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) and certain autoimmune conditions and vice-versa. METHODS: Herein, we present the analysis of a series of consecutive patients (n = 24) diagnosed with MZL at our institution between 2008-2014. Our series, analyzed both retrospectively and prospectively, consisted of a blend of nodal, extranodal and splenic MZL...
April 2015: Connecticut Medicine
Julien Cachat, Christine Deffert, Stephanie Hugues, Karl-Heinz Krause
The phagocyte NADPH oxidase NOX2 produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) and is a well-known player in host defence. However, there is also increasing evidence for a regulatory role of NOX2 in adaptive immunity. Deficiency in phagocyte NADPH oxidase causes chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) in humans, a condition that can also be studied in CGD mice. Clinical observations in CGD patients suggest a higher susceptibility to autoimmune diseases, in particular lupus, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and rheumatoid arthritis...
May 1, 2015: Clinical Science (1979-)
Peter B McGarvey, Baris E Suzek, James N Baraniuk, Shruti Rao, Brian Conkright, Samir Lababidi, Andrea Sutherland, Richard Forshee, Subha Madhavan
BACKGROUND: Near universal administration of vaccines mandates intense pharmacovigilance for vaccine safety and a stringently low tolerance for adverse events. Reports of autoimmune diseases (AID) following vaccination have been challenging to evaluate given the high rates of vaccination, background incidence of autoimmunity, and low incidence and variable times for onset of AID after vaccinations. In order to identify biologically plausible pathways to adverse autoimmune events of vaccine-related AID, we used a systems biology approach to create a matrix of innate and adaptive immune mechanisms active in specific diseases, responses to vaccine antigens, adjuvants, preservatives and stabilizers, for the most common vaccine-associated AID found in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System...
2014: BMC Immunology
Hussain R Yusuf, W Craig Hooper, Scott D Grosse, Christopher S Parker, Sheree L Boulet, Thomas L Ortel
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) among privately insured adults in the U.S. with one or more of the following autoimmune diseases: autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Truven Health MarketScan® Databases, patients 18-64 years of age with a diagnosis of AIHA, ITP, RA, or SLE in 2007 and a sex and age-group matched comparison group of enrollees were followed up through 2010 to identify VTE events...
January 2015: Thrombosis Research
M Fallah, X Liu, J Ji, A Försti, K Sundquist, K Hemminki
BACKGROUND: The cumulative risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in Sweden by age 80 years has increased to 1.1 in women and 1.6% in men in 2011. Increased risk of NHL associated with personal histories of some autoimmune diseases (ADs) is known. It is unclear whether there are other NHL-related ADs and whether this association holds across different sex, age and year of diagnosis, or NHL histological subtypes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over an average of 9.4-year (maximum 47 years) follow-up of 878 161 patients diagnosed in 1964-2010 with 33 different ADs, 3096 subsequent NHL were diagnosed (data: Swedish Cancer Registry)...
October 2014: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Laurent Frenzel
Since its approved by HAS in 1998, the use of rituximab increases every year. Marketed in France under the name MabThera, rituximab is used primarily in the treatment of B-cell malignancies including follicular lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia and corresponding to the three main indications for treatment. However, given its action on B cells, rituximab also proves to be effective in rheumatoid arthritis. By extension as anti-B-cell, rituximab is actually used in other autoimmune diseases: in autoimmune cytopenias as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic anemia, in vasculitis, or multiple sclerosis, it is also used in organ transplantation as kidney in prophylaxy to rejection and treatment of EBV-mediated complications...
December 2013: La Revue du Praticien
Daniel S Smyk, Andreas L Koutsoumpas, Maria G Mytilinaiou, Eirini I Rigopoulou, Lazaros I Sakkas, Dimitrios P Bogdanos
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the main cause of chronic gastritis and a major risk factor for gastric cancer. This pathogen has also been considered a potential trigger of gastric autoimmunity, and in particular of autoimmune gastritis. However, a considerable number of reports have attempted to link H. pylori infection with the development of extra-gastrointestinal autoimmune disorders, affecting organs not immediately relevant to the stomach. This review discusses the current evidence in support or against the role of H...
January 21, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Hussain R Yusuf, W Craig Hooper, Michele G Beckman, Qing C Zhang, James Tsai, Thomas L Ortel
Previous research has suggested autoimmune diseases are risk factors for developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). We assessed whether having diagnoses of selected autoimmune diseases associated with antiphospholipid antibodies--autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)--were associated with having a VTE diagnosis among US adult hospitalizations. A cross-sectional study was conducted using the 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...
October 2014: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
X-M Zhang, N-N Shan
T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3 (TIM-3), originally identified as a T helper (Th) 1-specific type I membrane protein, plays a vital role in Th1 immunity and tolerance induction through interaction with its ligand, galectin-9. The binding of TIM-3 by galectin-9 serves to downregulate Th1 responses. Moreover, the regulatory function of TIM-3 has been extended to other cells, such as Th17 cells, CD4(+) CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs), CD8(+) T cells and certain innate immune cells. Previous studies have acknowledged that the TIM-3 pathway is involved in the pathogenesis of several human autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematous, rheumatoid arthritis and aplastic anaemia...
April 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
N Ichikawa, M Harigai, A Nakajima, M Hara, N Kamatani
Abstract Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is relatively rare. We describe five cases of RA with ITP. In all five patients, platelet counts were low, platelet-associated IgG levels were elevated, and bone marrow aspiration showed megakaryocytosis. Glucocorticoid therapy was effective in three cases, but the other two cases required immunosuppressants or intravenous γ-globulin in addition to glucocorticoid. We review the reported cases of RA with ITP and discuss the pathophysiology and differential diagnosis of thrombocytopenia in RA...
September 2001: Modern Rheumatology
Yutaka Tsutsumi, Yoshiya Yamamoto, Joji Shimono, Hiroyuki Ohhigashi, Takanori Teshima
Rituximab is recognized as a useful drug for the treatment of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and its use has been extended to such diseases as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, chronic rheumatoid arthritis and ANCA-associated vasculitides. One serious complication associated with its use is the reactivation of hepatitis B virus and the search for methods to prevent this occurrence has resulted in the rapid accumulation of knowledge. In this review, we discuss case analyses from our department and other groups and outline the current knowledge on the topic and the remaining issues...
November 27, 2013: World Journal of Hepatology
L Grimaldi-Bensouda, D Guillemot, B Godeau, J Bénichou, C Lebrun-Frenay, C Papeix, P Labauge, P Berquin, A Penfornis, P-Y Benhamou, M Nicolino, A Simon, J-F Viallard, N Costedoat-Chalumeau, M-F Courcoux, C Pondarré, P Hilliquin, E Chatelus, V Foltz, S Guillaume, M Rossignol, L Abenhaim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Gardasil is associated with a change in the risk of autoimmune disorders (ADs) in young female subjects. DESIGN: Systematic case-control study of incident ADs associated with quadrivalent HPV vaccination in young women across France. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A total of 113 specialised centres recruited (from December 2007 to April 2011) females aged 14-26 years with incident cases of six types of ADs: idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), central demyelination/multiple sclerosis (MS), Guillain-Barré syndrome, connective tissue disorders (systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis/juvenile arthritis), type 1 diabetes mellitus and autoimmune thyroiditis...
April 2014: Journal of Internal Medicine
Kazuyasu Chihara, Yukihiro Kimura, Chisato Honjo, Kenji Takeuchi, Kiyonao Sada
Non-receptor type of protein-tyrosine kinase Syk (spleen tyrosine kinase) was isolated in University of Fukui in 1991. Syk is most highly expressed by haemopoietic cells and known to play crucial roles in the signal transduction through various immunoreceptors of the adaptive immune response. However, recent reports demonstrate that Syk also mediates other biological functions, such as innate immune response, osteoclast maturation, platelet activation and cellular adhesion. Moreover, ectopic expression of Syk by epigenetic changes is reported to cause retinoblastoma...
2013: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
Yukihiro Kimura, Kazuyasu Chihara, Kenji Takeuchi, Kiyonao Sada
Non-receptor type of protein-tyrosine kinase Syk (spleen tyrosine kinase) was isolated in the University of Fukui in 1991. Syk is known to be essential for the various physiological functions, especially in hematopoietic lineage cells. Moreover, ectopic expression of Syk by epigenetic changes is reported to cause retinoblastoma. Recently, novel Syk inhibitors were developed and its usefulness has been evaluated in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura...
July 2013: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Matthieu Mahévas, Mikael Ebbo, Sylvain Audia, Bernard Bonnotte, Nicolas Schleinitz, Jean-Marc Durand, Laurent Chiche, Medhi Khellaf, Philippe Bierling, Françoise Roudot-Thoraval, Bertrand Godeau, Marc Michel
Rituximab (RTX) is used off-label to treat immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) but the regimen now commonly used in rheumatoid arthritis has not been evaluated in ITP. The aim of this large French multicenter retrospective study was to compare the efficacy and safety of two RTX regimens in adult's ITP. The efficacy of two (RTX) regimens: standard therapy of 375 mg/m(2) weekly for 4 weeks vs. a rheumatoid arthritis (RA) regimen of 1,000 mg on days 1 and 15, to treat ITP was compared. We included adults patients with previously primary ITP treated with RTX instead of treated primary ITP...
October 2013: American Journal of Hematology
Xin-guang Liu, Ming Hou
Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an organ-specific autoimmune disorder characterized by autoantibody-mediated enhanced platelet destruction and dysmegakaryocytopoiesis. B cells have been demonstrated to play critical roles in the pathophysiology of ITP. B-cell-activating factor (BAFF) and a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) are crucial cytokines supporting survival and differentiation of B cells, and dysregulation of BAFF/APRIL is involved in the pathogenesis of B-cell related autoimmune diseases including ITP...
January 2013: Seminars in Hematology
Sreeram V Ramagopalan, Raph Goldacre, Andrew Skingsley, Chris Conlon, Michael J Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that there may be an association between some immune-mediated diseases and risk of tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: We analyzed a database of linked statistical records of hospital admissions and death certificates for the whole of England (1999 to 2011), and a similar database (the Oxford Record Linkage Study (ORLS)) for a region of southern England in an earlier period. Rate ratios for TB were determined, comparing immune-mediated disease cohorts with comparison cohorts...
2013: BMC Medicine
Inessa Schwab, Michaela Seeling, Markus Biburger, Susanne Aschermann, Lars Nitschke, Falk Nimmerjahn
Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIgs) efficiently suppress a variety of autoimmune diseases. Over the past few years several potential mechanisms underlying this antiinflammatory activity have become apparent. Among these, terminal sialic acid residues in the sugar moiety of the immunoglobulin G constant fragment have been shown to be critical for the antiinflammatory activity of IVIgs in models of rheumatoid arthritis and immunothrombocytopenia (ITP). More recently, B cells and the sialic acid-binding protein CD22 were suggested to be involved in this IVIg-dependent immunomodulatory pathway...
December 2012: European Journal of Immunology
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