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Lupus myocarditis

Sophie Mavrogeni, George Markousis-Mavrogenis, Loukia Koutsogeorgopoulou, Theodoros Dimitroulas, Konstantinos Bratis, George D Kitas, Petros Sfikakis, Maria Tektonidou, Georgia Karabela, Efthymios Stavropoulos, Gikas Katsifis, Kyriaki A Boki, Anastasia Kitsiou, Vasiliki Filaditaki, Elias Gialafos, Sotiris Plastiras, Vasiliki Vartela, Genovefa Kolovou
BACKGROUND-AIM: Cardiac involvement at diagnosis of connective tissue disease (CTD) has been described by echocardiography. We hypothesized that cardio-vascular magnetic resonance (CMR) detects occult lesions at CTD diagnosis. PATIENTS-METHODS: CMR was performed early after diagnosis in 78 treatment-naïve CTDs (aged 43±11, 59F/19M) without cardiac involvement [5 Takayasu arteritis (TA), 4 Churg Strauss syndrome (CSS), 5 Wegener granulomatosis (WG), 16 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 12 rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 8 mixed connective tissue diseases (MCTD), 12 ankylosing spondylitis (AS), 3 polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), 8 systemic sclerosis (SSc) and 5 dermatomyositis (DM)]...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Raúl Castellanos-Moreira, Sebastián Rodríguez-García, Teresa López-Sobrino, Aina Capdevila, Sergio Prieto-González, Gerard Espinosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
Jakub Lagan, Matthias Schmitt, Christopher A Miller
Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has changed the management of suspected viral myocarditis by providing a 'positive' diagnostic test and has lead to new insights into myocardial involvement in systemic inflammatory conditions. In this review we analyse the use of CMR tissue characterisation techniques across the available studies including T2 weighted imaging, early gadolinium enhancement, late gadolinium enhancement, Lake Louise Criteria, T2 mapping, T1 mapping and extracellular volume assessment. We also discuss the use of multiparametric CMR in acute cardiac transplant rejection and a variety of inflammatory conditions such as sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythrematous, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic sclerosis...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Lily Sh Lim, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Lillian Lim, Dafna Gladman, Brian Feldman, Earl Silverman
Objectives 1) To determine the longitudinal damage trajectory of patients with childhood-onset SLE (cSLE). 2) To identify baseline and disease course predictors of damage trajectory. Methods This is a retrospective inception cohort. Longitudinal pediatric-age data was obtained from a cSLE research database while adult-age data was obtained from either a research database or patients' charts. Baseline factors were tested as predictors. Time-varying factors were lagged 6 to 24 months before a visit for testing their predictive effects...
January 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
Guillemette Thomas, Fleur Cohen Aubart, Laurent Chiche, Julien Haroche, Miguel Hié, Baptiste Hervier, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Karine Mazodier, Mikael Ebbo, Philippe Cluzel, Nadège Cordel, David Ribes, Jean Chastre, Nicolas Schleinitz, Véronique Veit, Jean-Charles Piette, Jean-Robert Harlé, Alain Combes, Zahir Amoura
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac involvement during systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may include the pericardium, myocardium, valvular tissue, and coronary arteries. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical, biological, and radiological presentation of lupus myocarditis (LM) as well as the treatment response and longterm outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a multicentric retrospective study of LM from January 2000 to May 2014. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients (3 men and 26 women) fulfilled the inclusion criteria (median age at the diagnosis of SLE: 30 yrs, range 16-57)...
January 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
Gabriela Nunes Leal, Maria de Fátima Diniz, Juliana Brunelli, Alessandro C Lianza, Adriana M E Sallum, Clovis A Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
S Mavrogeni, L Koutsogeorgopoulou, T Dimitroulas, G Markousis-Mavrogenis, G Kolovou
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been documented in >50% of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, due to a complex interplay between traditional risk factors and SLE-related factors. Various processes, such as coronary artery disease, myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, vasculitis, valvular heart disease, pulmonary hypertension and heart failure, account for CVD complications in SLE. METHODS: Electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography (echo), nuclear techniques, cardiac computed tomography (CT), cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and cardiac catheterization (CCa) can detect CVD in SLE at an early stage...
September 29, 2016: Lupus
Mohammad Reza Zamani, Saeed Aslani, Arash Salmaninejad, Mohammad Reza Javan, Nima Rezaei
Programmed death 1 (PD-1) and its ligands, namely PD-L1 and PD-L2, are one of the key factors responsible for inhibitory T cell signaling, mediating the mechanisms of tolerance and providing immune homeostasis. Mounting evidence demonstrates that impaired PD-1:PD-L function plays an important role in a variety of autoimmune diseases such as Type 1 diabetes (T1D), encephalomyelitis, inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), Behcet's disease (BD), myasthenia gravis (MG), autoimmune uveitis (AU), Sjögren's syndrome (SjS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), myocarditis, and ankylosing spondylitis (AS)...
December 2016: Cellular Immunology
Rocio Hinojar, Lucy Foote, Shirish Sangle, Mike Marber, Manuel Mayr, Gerry Carr-White, David D'Cruz, Eike Nagel, Valentina O Puntmann
BACKGROUND: Lupus myocarditis is likely more common than recognized clinically due to non-specific symptoms and lack of reliable non-invasive diagnostic tests. We investigated the role of native T1 and T2 in recognition of active myocardial inflammatory involvement in patients with systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). METHODS: 76 patients with clinically suspected lupus myocarditis (14 males, age: 44±16years) underwent quantitative tissue characterization with native T1 and T2 mapping...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Nicholas Marinus Batt, Dean Malik, Miranda Harvie, Hemant Sheth
A 40-year-old woman with antiphospholipid syndrome presented with a 5-day history of right upper quadrant (RUQ) pain, radiating posteriorly, associated with fever and vomiting. She was admitted 1-week prior with an upper respiratory infection and erythema multiforme. Clinical assessment revealed sepsis with RUQ tenderness and positive Murphy's sign. Laboratory results showed raised inflammatory markers, along with renal and liver impairment. CT showed bilateral adrenal infarction and inferior vena cava thrombus...
July 20, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
W-Y Zheng, W-X Zheng, L Hua
Pathway-based analysis approach has exploded in use during the last several years. It is successful in recognizing additional biological insight of disease and finding groupings of risk genes that represent disease developing processes. Therefore, shared pathways, with pleiotropic effects, are important for understanding similar pathogenesis and indicating the common genetic origin of certain diseases. Here, we present a pathway analysis to reveal the potential disease associations between RA and three potential RA-related autoimmune diseases: psoriasis, diabetes mellitus, type 1 (T1D) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
May 2016: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
N Charhon, C Bernard, J C Richard, N Cordel, G Leboucher, C Broussolle, P Sève
INTRODUCTION: Several case reports have reported the benefit of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in many autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus. CASE REPORTS: Here, we report on two cases of lupus myocarditis treated with high dose of intravenous immunoglobulin. The first patient was a 42-year-old woman who presented with lupus myocarditis that was resistant to corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide, and who was finally successfully treated with a single dose of 2 g/kg of intravenous immunoglobulin...
June 1, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
R Du Toit, P G Herbst, A van Rensburg, L M du Plessis, H Reuter, A F Doubell
BACKGROUND: African American ethnicity is independently associated with lupus myocarditis compared with other ethnic groups. In the mixed racial population of the Western Cape, South Africa, no data exists on the clinical features/outcome of lupus myocarditis. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to give a comprehensive description of the clinical features and outcome of acute lupus myocarditis in a mixed racial population. METHODS: Clinical records (between 2008 and 2014) of adult systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients at a tertiary referral centre were retrospectively screened for a clinical and echocardiographic diagnosis of lupus myocarditis...
January 2017: Lupus
Dhara Chaudhari, Mohammad Al Madani, Kais Al Balbissi Md, Timir K Paul
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease affecting multiple organ systems. Although myocardial involvement and overt myocarditis is rare, life-threatening myocarditis associated with SLE can happen. We report a case of myocarditis associated with SLE with subsequent improvement of cardiac function after immunosuppressive therapy.
September 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
Dhara Chaudhari Md, Mohammad Al Madani Md, Kais Al Balbissi Md, Timir K Paul Md
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease affecting multiple organ systems. Although myocardial involvement and overt myocarditis is rare, life-threatening myocarditis associated with SLE can happen. We report a case of myocarditis associated with SLE with subsequent improvement of cardiac function after immunosuppressive therapy.
September 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
Sophie I Mavrogeni, George Poulos, Petros P Sfikakis, George D Kitas, Genovefa Kolovou, George Theodorakis
Rhythm disturbances and sudden cardiac death (SCD) are important manifestations of cardiac involvement in systemic inflammatory diseases (SID). The commonest events demanding the implantation of a device include ventricular tachycardia and atrioventricular block, mainly diagnosed in sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus and scleroderma. In SCD, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) identified areas of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in 71% and provided an arrhythmic substrate in 76%, while during the follow-up, the extent of LGE identified a subgroup at increased risk for future adverse events...
June 2016: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
S Mavrogeni, R Smerla, G Grigoriadou, G Servos, L Koutsogeorgopoulou, G Karabela, E Stavropoulos, G Spiliotis, G Kolovou, G Papadopoulos
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) findings in a paediatric population with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and cardiac symptoms. METHODS: Twenty-five SLE children, aged 10.2 ± 2.6 years, with cardiac symptoms and normal routine non-invasive evaluation were examined by CMR, using a 1.5 T system and compared with sex-matched SLE adults. Left ventricular (LV) volumes, ejection fraction, T2 ratio, early (EGE) and late (LGE) gadolinium enhancement were assessed...
March 2016: Lupus
Li Zhang, Yan-Lin Zhu, Meng-Tao Li, Na Gao, Xin You, Qing-Jun Wu, Jin-Mei Su, Min Shen, Li-Dan Zhao, Jin-Jing Liu, Feng-Chun Zhang, Yan Zhao, Xiao-Feng Zeng
BACKGROUND: Myocarditis is an uncommon but serious manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics and outcomes of lupus myocarditis (LM) and to determine risk factors of LM in hospitalized Chinese patients with SLE. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study. A total of 25 patients with LM from 2001 to 2012 were enrolled as the study group, and 100 patients with SLE but without LM were randomly pooled as the control group...
October 5, 2015: Chinese Medical Journal
O N Pamuk, M A Balci, S Donmez, G C Tsokos
BACKGROUND: We estimated the prevalence and incidence, clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in the Thrace region of Turkey. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 331 patients (307 female, 24 male, mean age 38.5 years) diagnosed with SLE between 2003 and 2014. Clinical features, treatments, and response to various treatment modalities were recorded. Our hospital has been the only tertiary referral center for rheumatological diseases for a mixed rural and urban population of 620,477 people (306,036 females, 314,411 males) for more than 16 years...
January 2016: Lupus
Melissa K Webb, Scott R Auerbach, Adel K Younoszai, Sonali S Patel, Bruce F Landeck
BACKGROUND: Predicting later outcome around time of diagnosis of acute dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is difficult. We hypothesized that strain and strain rate on initial and follow-up echoes were worse in patients with acute DCM from all causes with poor one-year outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective study including all patients with DCM aged 0-18 years with left ventricle dilation, low ejection fraction, or low fractional shortening on initial echo. Longitudinal and circumferential strain and systolic and diastolic strain rate were measured on echo at presentation, 1-3 weeks after presentation, and at 1 year...
November 2015: Echocardiography
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