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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705672/role-of-vancomycin-in-the-treatment-of-bacteraemia-and-meningitis-caused-by-elizabethkingia-meningoseptica
#1
REVIEW
Shio-Shin Jean, Tai-Chin Hsieh, Yong-Zhong Ning, Po-Ren Hsueh
Elizabethkingia meningoseptica, a Gram-negative pathogen once deemed clinically insignificant, tends to cause infections amongst the low-birth-weight infants or immunocompromised patients. Previously, vancomycin was reported to cure a few patients with bacteraemia caused by E. meningoseptica. Nevertheless, some laboratory investigations also showed considerable discordance between in vitro vancomycin susceptibility results obtained by the disc diffusion and broth microdilution method against clinical E. meningoseptica isolates as determined by the criteria for staphylococci recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (formerly, National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards)...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705048/calcified-masses-on-the-mitral-valve-in-a-patient-on-haemodialysis
#2
Sang Muk Hwang, Floyd Pierres, Kun Il Kim, Jeong Won Kim, Namho Lee, Min-Kyung Kang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703894/comparison-of-resting-energy-equations-and-total-energy-expenditure-in-haemodialysis-patients-and-body-composition-measured-by-multi-frequency-bioimpedance
#3
Ben Oliveira, Sivakumar Sridharan, Ken Farrington, Andrew Davenport
BACKGROUND: Waste products of metabolism are retained in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Cellular metabolism generates energy, and patients with greater energy expenditure may therefore require more dialysis. To determine the amount of dialysis required, equations estimating resting and total energy expenditure (REE,TEE) are required. METHODS: We compared estimates of REE in HD patients using established equations with a novel equation recently validated in HD patients (HD equation)...
July 13, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701203/discovery-of-a-novel-dominant-mutation-in-the-ren-gene-after-forty-years-of-renal-disease-a-case-report
#4
Rhian L Clissold, Helen C Clarke, Olivera Spasic-Boskovic, Kim Brugger, Stephen Abbs, Coralie Bingham, Charles Shaw-Smith
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous mutations in the gene encoding renin (REN) cause autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD), early-onset anaemia and hyperuricaemia; only four different mutations have been described in the published literature to date. We report a novel dominant REN mutation discovered in an individual after forty years of renal disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57 year old Caucasian woman with chronic kidney disease stage five was reviewed in a regional joint renal genetics clinic...
July 12, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700024/accuracy-of-nursing-diagnosis-readiness-for-enhanced-hope-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Renan Alves Silva, Geórgia Alcântara Alencar Melo, Joselany Áfio Caetano, Marcos Venícios Oliveira Lopes, Howard Karl Butcher, Viviane Martins da Silva
Objective: To analyse the accuracy of the nursing diagnosis readiness for enhanced hope in patients with chronic kidney disease. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with 62 patients in the haemodialysis clinic conducted from August to November 2015. The Hearth Hope Scale was used to create definitions of the defining characteristics of the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association International. We analysed the measures of sensitivity, specificity, predictive value, likelihood ratio, and odds ratio of the defining characteristics of the diagnosis...
July 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695556/changing-trends-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-with-diabetes
#6
Yimin Lu, Christina Stamm, Dina Nobre, Menno Pruijm, Daniel Teta, Anne Cherpillod, Georges Halabi, Olivier Phan, Zina Fumeaux, Roberto Bullani, Thierry Gauthier, Claudine Mathieu, Michel Burnier, Anne Zanchi
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, diabetes has become the most common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), yet Swiss data are largely lacking. METHODS: This observational study examined ESRD patients with diabetes mellitus (ESRD-DM) at end of 2009 and 2014. The prevalence and characteristics of ESRD-DM patients were collected in all dialysis facilities in the Canton of Vaud of Switzerland in 2009 and in 2014, and the 5-year mortality rate was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 107 and 140 ESRD-DM patients underwent dialysis at end of 2009 and 2014, respectively...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691599/sheep-model-of-haemodialysis-treatment
#7
Jolanta Bujok, Tomasz Walski, Albert Czerski, Katarzyna Gałecka, Karolina Grzeszczuk-Kuć, Wojciech Zawadzki, Wojciech Witkiewicz, Małgorzata Komorowska
More than two million patients received haemodialysis (HD) in 2013. Many methods for improving dialysis therapy outcomes have been tested. Nevertheless, patients continue to experience high morbidity and mortality rates. We aimed to develop an animal model of HD treatment to study methods that would prevent the adverse effects of renal replacement therapy. The study was conducted using six male Merino sheep. The animals underwent a two-step bilateral nephrectomy, and a permanent dual-lumen catheter was inserted into the jugular vein...
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678898/strategies-used-by-nursing-staff-in-situations-of-workplace-violence-in-a-haemodialysis-unit
#8
Onélia da Costa Pedro Cordenuzzi, Suzinara Beatriz Soares de Lima, Francine Cassol Prestes, Carmem Lúcia Colomé Beck, Rosângela Marion da Silva, Daiane Dal Pai
Objective: To identify strategies that nursing staff use at a haemodialysis unit in situations of violence by patients during care. Method: Qualitative descriptive and exploratory research with focus groups and the participation of eight workers of the nursing staff of a private haemodialysis unit in southern Brazil. The data were subjected to thematic content analysis. Results: The adopted strategies are described in the following categories: Tolerating violence due to the patient's health condition; Working around conflicting situations and giving in to patient's requests; Adopting a position of rejection to violence; and Staying away from the aggressor patient...
June 29, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676037/challenges-and-outcomes-of-haemodialysis-among-patients-presenting-with-kidney-diseases-in-dodoma-tanzania
#9
Alfred J Meremo, David P Ngilangwa, Masumbuko Y Mwashambwa, Matobogolo B Masalu, Janet Kapinga, Rehema Tagalile, Issa Sabi
BACKGROUND: Kidney Diseases contribute a significant proportion to the global burden of non-communicable diseases. Haemodialysis services as the main modality of renal replacement therapy in most resource limited countries is only available in few cities and at higher costs. The aim of this study was to determine the challenges and outcomes of patients who were on haemodialysis at the University of Dodoma (UDOM) haemodialysis unit in Tanzania. METHODS: In this retrospective study; we reviewed haemodialysis registers and charts of 116 patients dialyzed from January 2013 to June 2015 at The UDOM haemodialysis unit...
July 4, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675138/comparison-of-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-qft-git-and-tuberculin-skin-test-tst-for-diagnosis-of-latent-tuberculosis-in-haemodialysis-hd-patients-a-meta-analysis-of-%C3%AE%C2%BA-estimates-erratum
#10
E Ayubi, A Doosti-Irani, A Sanjari Moghaddam, S Khazaei, K Mansori, S Safiri, M Sani, E Mostafavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674560/-management-of-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-with-anemia-case-study-conducted-in-the-department-of-nephrology-and-hemodialysis-at-the-university-hospital-point-g-in-mali
#11
Alhadji Ahmadou Tounkara, Abdoul Mahama Sériba Coulibaly, Nouhoun Coulibaly, Békaye Traoré, Mahamane Kalil Maïga
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is a frequent complication of Chronic Kidney Disease CKD commonly found in chronic haemodialysis patients. Patients management is mainly based on erythropoietin administration and iron supplementation. This study aimed to evaluate the management of chronic hemodialysis patients with anemia in the Department of Nephrology and Hemodialysis at the University Hospital Point G in Mali. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from 1 to 31 August 2016...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673686/correction-of-25-oh-vitamin-d-deficiency-improves-control-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-and-reduces-the-inflammation-in-stable-haemodialysis-patients
#12
Raquel Ojeda López, Elvira Esquivias de Motta, Andrés Carmona, Victoria García Montemayor, Isabel Berdud, Alejandro Martín Malo, Pedro Aljama García
INTRODUCTION: Patients on haemodialysis (HD) have a high prevalence of 25-OH-vitamin D (25-OH-D)deficiency. Secondary hyperparathyroidismis a common condition in these patients, which is very important to control. 25-OH-D is involved in regulating calcium homeostasis. As such, appropriate levels of this vitamin could help to control bone mineral metabolism. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect 25-OH-D repletion in HD patients with 25-OH-D deficiency (<20ng/ml) on the control of secondary hyperparathyroidism and microinflammation status...
June 30, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666310/effectiveness-of-self-management-support-in-maintenance-haemodialysis-patients-with-hypertension-a-pilot-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Baoyan Huang, Zheng Li, Ying Wang, Jinghua Xia, Tao Shi, Jingmei Jiang, Nolan T Marie, Xuemei Li, Sagar U Nigwekar, Limeng Chen
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hypertension is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is the leading cause of mortality in haemodialysis patients. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of self-management support SMS) for blood pressure (BP) control and health behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which 90 adult haemodialysis patients were assigned to either an SMS or common intervention (CI) group...
June 30, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666025/comparison-of-the-cba-h-and-sf-36-for-the-screening-of-the-psychological-and-behavioural-variables-in-chronic-dialysis-patients
#14
Concetta De Pasquale, Daniela Conti, Maria Luisa Pistorio, Pasquale Fatuzzo, Massimiliano Veroux, Santo Di Nuovo
The aim of the study was to perform an analysis of the emotional reactions, perception of stressful life and behavioural changes related to Haemodialysis (HD) in order to identify those variables that can improve lifestyle and the adherence to treatment. Some psychometric assessment, such as the Cognitive Behavioural Assessment, Hospital Form, (CBA-H) and the Health Survey (SF-36), which provides two indexes: the Physical Component Score (PCS) and the Mental Component Score (MCS), are suitable to assess a patient's psychological and behavioural style and their health-related quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665465/outcomes-of-a-nephrologist-driven-tunnelled-dialysis-catheter-insertion-service-in-south-east-asia
#15
Milind Nikam, Claude J Renaud, Joshua Shaowen Lee, Sri Fairuz B Saifful, Allen Yan Lun Liu, Eng Kuang Lim, Ying Ying Seow, Lee Ying Yeoh
INTRODUCTION: Tunnelled dialysis catheters (TDCs) are being increasingly inserted by nephrologists globally but there is limited experience and paucity of published outcomes data from South-East Asia (SEA). This study was conducted to analyse the outcomes of TDC insertion by nephrologists from a single centre in SEA. METHODS: All patients who underwent TDC insertion by nephrologists from October 2013 to June 2016 were included. TDC survival was calculated using Kaplan-Meier survival method...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659394/pulse-wave-velocity-is-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-in-haemodialysis-patients
#16
Eve Miller-Hodges, Neeraj Dhaun
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common, its prevalence increasing with age. Cognitive impairment is common in the elderly, in CKD and in those on maintenance haemodialysis. As cognitive impairment is the precursor to dementia, the identification of reversible risk factors for cognitive decline is the key to reducing dementia risk. Arterial stiffness is one such potential risk factor. It is independently associated with cardiovascular outcome in dialysis patients. Importantly, the recent demonstration of an independent association between arterial stiffness and cognitive impairment in these patients suggests that vascular stiffness might be potentially causative in the development of cognitive impairment and also be an opportune target for interventions...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653946/the-truth-on-current-peritoneal-dialysis-state-of-the-art
#17
R T Krediet, A C Abrahams, C W H de Fijter, M G H Betjes, W H Boer, B C van Jaarsveld, C J A M Konings, F W Dekker
The share of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in the spectrum of chronic dialysis has decreased markedly in the Netherlands in the last 15 years. Consequently, the knowledge of nephrologists and nursing staff on PD has declined leading to a negative spiral in which loss of experience resulted in loss of enthusiasm to offer PD to patients and also in less interest in the new PD developments. All these changes took place while the results of PD improved and patient survival was at least similar to that on haemodialysis...
June 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648205/cost-analysis-of-integrated-renal-replacement-therapy-program-in-the-province-of-toledo-2012-2013
#18
José L Conde Olasagasti, José Eugenio Garcia Diaz, Pilar Carrasco Benitez, Miguel Ángel Mareque Ruiz, María Pilar Parras Partido, Inmaculada Moreno Alia, Laura Jimenez Lopez, Juan José Cia Lecumberri, Pilar Araque, María Luisa Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is the object of constant analysis in the search for efficiency and sustainability. OBJECTIVE: To calculate the direct cost of healthcare for the prevalent RRT population in the province of Toledo (2012/2013). METHOD: a) Population: All prevalent patients at some point in RRT in 2012 (669) and in 2013 (682). b) Costs included (€): 1) dialysis procedure; 2) inpatient, outpatient and emergency care, dialysis and non-dialysis related; 3) drug consumption; 4) medical transport...
May 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646482/clinical-serological-and-histological-determinants-of-patient-and-renal-outcome-in-anca-associated-vasculitis-with-renal-involvement-an-analysis-from-a-referral-centre
#19
Matija Crnogorac, Ivica Horvatic, Luka Toric, Danica Galesic Ljubanovic, Miroslav Tisljar, Krešimir Galesic
PURPOSE: To evaluate significance of clinical and histopathological prognostic factors for renal and patient outcome in AAV patient cohort. METHODS: Retrospective study included consecutive patients diagnosed with pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis from January 2003 to December 2013. Primary outcome was combined endpoint patient death or progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Secondary outcomes were patient survival and progression to ESRD (renal survival) singularly and disease relapse...
June 23, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643818/serum-micrornas-are-altered-in-various-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-preliminary-study
#20
COMMENT
Benjamin Brigant, Valérie Metzinger-Le Meuth, Ziad A Massy, Nathalie McKay, Sophie Liabeuf, Marion Pelletier, Marion Sallée, Eléonore M'Baya-Moutoula, Pascale Paul, Tilman B Drueke, Stéphane Burtey, Laurent Metzinger
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are innovative and informative blood-based biomarkers involved in numerous pathophysiological processes. In this study and based on our previous experimental data, we investigated miR-126, miR-143, miR-145, miR-155 and miR-223 as potential circulating biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The primary objective of this study was to assess the levels of miRNA expression at various stages of CKD. METHODS: RNA was extracted from serum, and RT-qPCR was performed for the five miRNAs and cel-miR-39 (internal control)...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
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