Read by QxMD icon Read


Sung-Min Kim, Patrick Waters, Mark Woodhall, Yoo-Jin Kim, Jin-Ah Kim, So Young Cheon, Sehoon Lee, Seong Rae Jo, Dong Gun Kim, Kyeong Cheon Jung, Kwang-Woo Lee, Jung-Joon Sung, Kyung Seok Park
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder with aquaporin4-immunoglobulin G (NMOSD-AQP4) is an inflammatory disease characterised by a high female predominance. However, the effect of gender in patients with NMOSD-AQP4 has not been fully evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of gender in clinical manifestations and prognosis of patients with NMOSD-AQP4. METHODS: The demographics, clinical and radiological characteristics, pattern reversal visual evoked potential (VEP) test results, and prognosis of 102 patients (18 males) with NMOSD-AQP4 were assessed...
October 19, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Alexander U Brandt, Elena Meinert-Bohn, Jan Leo Rinnenthal, Hanna Zimmermann, Janine Mikolajczak, Timm Oberwahrenbrock, Sebastian Papazoglou, Caspar F Pfüller, Johann Schinzel, Björn Tackenberg, Friedemann Paul, Katrin Hahn, Judith Bellmann-Strobl
BACKGROUND: The PMP22 gene encodes a protein integral to peripheral myelin. Its deletion leads to hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). PMP22 is not expressed in the adult central nervous system, but previous studies suggest a role in CNS myelin development. The objective of this study was to identify potential structural and functional alterations in the afferent visual system in HNPP patients. METHODS: Twenty HNPP patients and 18 matched healthy controls (HC) were recruited in a cross-sectional study...
2016: PloS One
Shuo Yang, Hong Yang, Si-Qi Ma, Shuai-Shuai Wang, Heng He, Min-Jian Zhao, Bin Li
Gene therapy may be a promising approach for the treatment of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients with this condition who were recruited into an upcoming gene therapy clinical trial and to assess any changes in the detection parameters to provide support for the clinical trial. Sixteen patients with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy were evaluated using visual function tests 12 months before the initiation of gene therapy. Then, the results of visual acuity (VA), visual field (VF), RNFL (retinal nerve fiber layer) thickness, and Pattern-reversal Visual evoked potential (PR-VEP) were compared and analyzed...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Paige M Siper, Vance Zemon, James Gordon, Julia George-Jones, Stacey Lurie, Jessica Zweifach, Teresa Tavassoli, A Ting Wang, Jesslyn Jamison, Joseph D Buxbaum, Alexander Kolevzon
OBJECTIVE: There is a critical need to identify biomarkers and objective outcome measures that can be used to understand underlying neural mechanisms in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) offer a noninvasive technique to evaluate the functional integrity of neural mechanisms, specifically visual pathways, while probing for disease pathophysiology. METHODS: Transient VEPs (tVEPs) were obtained from 96 unmedicated children, including 37 children with ASD, 36 typically developing (TD) children, and 23 unaffected siblings (SIBS)...
2016: PloS One
Maximilian Bruchmann, Catharina Korsukewitz, Julia Krämer, Heinz Wiendl, Sven G Meuth
Optic neuritis (ON) has detrimental effects on the transmission of neuronal signals generated at the earliest stages of visual information processing. The amount, as well as the speed of transmitted visual signals is impaired. Measurements of visual evoked potentials (VEP) are often implemented in clinical routine. However, the specificity of VEPs is limited because multiple cortical areas are involved in the generation of P1 potentials, including feedback signals from higher cortical areas. Here, we show that dichoptic metacontrast masking can be used to estimate the temporal delay caused by ON...
2016: PloS One
Nobuya Murakami, Takato Morioka, Satoshi O Suzuki, Nobutaka Mukae, Kimiaki Hashiguchi, Koji Iihara
BACKGROUND: Parietal atretic cephalocele (AC) and its associated intracranial venous anomalies, such as vertical embryonic positioning of the straight sinus (VEP of SS), have, in previous reports, been exclusively restricted to the midline. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report a patient with lateralized parietal AC on the right side. The AC was in the shape of a tadpole, with a large head and a long tail, extending to the proximity of the right external canthus, where a lacrimal gland fistula was observed...
October 4, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Davide Barloscio, Elisa Cerri, Luciano Domenici, Renato Longhi, Clelia Dallanoce, Milena Moretti, Antonietta Vilella, Michele Zoli, Cecilia Gotti, Nicola Origlia
Although α6-contaning (α6*) nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are densely expressed in the visual system, their role is not well known. We have characterized a family of toxins that are antagonists for α6β2* receptors and used one of these [RDP-MII(E11R)] to localize α6* nAChRs and investigate their impact on retinal function in adult Long-Evans rats. The α6*nAChRs in retinal tissue were localized using either a fluorescently tagged [RDP-MII(E11R)] or anti-α6-specific antibodies and found to be predominantly at the level of the ganglion cell layer...
September 28, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Marius Baguma, Nadia Younan, Frédéric London, Michel Ossemann, Yves Vandermeeren
Transient cortical blindness (TCB) is a rare but striking complication following contrast agent injection. TCB might be secondary to a direct toxicity of the contrast agent, leading to an osmotic disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), with a preferential involvement of the posterior circulation and occipital cortex. We report a series of three patients with contrast medium-associated TCB (intra-arterial injection of non-ionic contrast agent during diagnostic cerebral angiography for two of them and coronary angioplasty for the other one)...
September 26, 2016: Acta Neurologica Belgica
Ken-Ichiro Kikuta, Ryuhei Kitai, Toshihiko Kodera, Hidetaka Arishima, Makoto Isozaki, Norichika Hashimoto, Hiroyuki Neishi, Yoshifumi Higashino, Shinsuke Yamada, Munenori Yomo, Kousuke Awara
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive factors for visual and ischemic complications after open surgery for paraclinoid aneurysms of the internal carotid artery (ICA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive patients with unruptured paraclinoid aneurysms of ICA operated on between 2009 and 2013 were included in this study. The male:female ratio was 6:32 and the ages ranged from 33 to 81 (mean: 60 ± 2). Twenty cases were asymptomatic and 18 had ophthalmological symptoms...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Mei Ying Boon, Bruce Ian Henry, Byoung Sun Chu, Nour Basahi, Catherine May Suttle, Chi Luu, Harry Leung, Stephen Hing
PURPOSE: The visual evoked potential (VEP) provides a time series signal response to an external visual stimulus at the location of the visual cortex. The major VEP signal components, peak latency and amplitude, may be affected by disease processes. Additionally, the VEP contains fine detailed and non-periodic structure, of presently unclear relevance to normal function, which may be quantified using the fractal dimension. The purpose of this study is to provide a systematic investigation of the key parameters in the measurement of the fractal dimension of VEPs, to develop an optimal analysis protocol for application...
2016: PloS One
Anna Ambrosini, Aliaksei Kisialiou, Gianluca Coppola, Livio Finos, Delphine Magis, Francesco Pierelli, Jean Schoenen
BACKGROUND: Many studies report a habituation deficit of visual evoked potentials (VEP) and/or increased intensity dependence of auditory evoked cortical potentials (IDAP) in episodic migraine patients between attacks. These findings have a pathophysiological interest, but their diagnostic utility is not known. AIMS: To perform an audit on a large database of interictal VEP and IDAP recordings in episodic migraine patients and evaluate their diagnostic accuracy...
August 31, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Jeff Rabin, Brook Houser, Carolyn Talbert, Ruh Patel
PURPOSE: In Feb 2015 an image of a dress posted on Tumblr triggered an internet phenomenon: Is the Dress blue and black (BB) or white and gold (WG)? Many claim BB and others insist WG while the true colors are BB. The prevailing theory is that assumptions about the illuminant govern perception of the Dress with WG due to bluish lighting and BB due to yellowish. Our purpose was to determine if early stage optical, retinal and/or neural factors also impact perception of the Dress. METHODS: Thirty-nine subjects were categorized as BB or WG based on their initial perception of the Dress and their perception reported when viewing the Dress on iPhone 5, iPad, and 22" LCD displays...
2016: PloS One
Shane M Pearce, Joseph J Pariser, Rena D Malik, Olufenwa J Famakinwa, Doreen E Chung
INTRODUCTION: Thulium laser VapoEnucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) is an evolving surgical technique for BPH. Most studies have focused on outcomes in small to médium sized prostates and have originated from Europe and Asia. We sought to describe our experience with ThuVEP for very large prostates in a North American cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From December 2010 to October 2014, 25 men underwent Thu-VEP using the CyberTM® (Quantastem, Italy) thulium laser, all with prostate volume >75mL...
July 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Maurizio Dondi, Fabio Biaggi, Francesco Di Ianni, Pier Luigi Dodi, Fausto Quintavalla
The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of Flash Visual Evoked Potentials (FVEPs) testing in birds of prey in a clinical setting and to describe the protocol and the baseline data for normal vision in this species. FVEP recordings were obtained from 6 normal adult birds of prey: n. 2 Harris's Hawks (Parabuteo unicinctus), n. 1 Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus), n. 2 Gyrfalcons (Falco rusticolus) and n. 1 Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug). Before carrying out VEP tests, all animals underwent neurologic and ophthalmic routine examination...
2016: PeerJ
H Tegetmeyer
Background: The symptom "visual snow" describes the continuous perception of tiny flickering dots within the whole visual field of both eyes. The diagnosis of a visual snow syndrome requires the appearance of typical additional visual symptoms and the exclusion of ophthalmological or neurological causes, or pharmacological influences. Patients and Methods: Three male and four female subjects between 13 and 36 years of age referred with visual snow were investigated and asked about their symptoms. A complete ophthalmological investigation, including binocular fundoscopy, was performed in all patients...
August 10, 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Cornelia Kranczioch, Anja Lindig, Markus Hausmann
The functional cerebral asymmetry (FCA) in processing targets within rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) streams has been reported to fluctuate across the menstrual cycle, with identification of the second of two closely spaced targets being impaired when both targets occur in the left or the right hemifield stream during the luteal phase, while during the menstrual phase identification of the second target is only impaired for target pairs presented in the right hemifield stream. This fluctuation has been proposed to result from variations in estradiol levels...
August 5, 2016: Neuropsychologia
Wei-Yang Shao, Xiao Liu, Xian-Liang Gu, Xi Ying, Nan Wu, Hai-Wei Xu, Yi Wang
AIM: To explore the effects of αA-crystallin in astrocyte gliosis after optic nerve crush (ONC) and the mechanism of α-crystallin in neuroprotection and axon regeneration. METHODS: ONC was established on the Sprague-Dawley rat model and αA-crystallin (10(-4) g/L, 4 µL) was intravitreously injected into the rat model. Flash-visual evoked potential (F-VEP) was examined 14d after ONC, and the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) levels in the retina and crush site were analyzed 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14d after ONC by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot respectively...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Guillermo Martín-Palomeque, Antonio Castro-Ortiz, Pilar Pamplona-Valenzuela, Miguel Ángel Saiz-Sepúlveda, Lidia Cabañes-Martínez, Jaime R López
INTRODUCTION: Although large amplitude EPs are typically associated with progressive myoclonic epilepsy patients, giant EPs imply central nervous system (CNS) hyperexcitability and can be seen in various non-epileptic disorders. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review including history, physical examination, imaging and diagnostic studies of non-epileptic patients with large amplitude somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) and visual evoked potentials (VEPs) during 2007-2013...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
V K Jirsa, T Proix, D Perdikis, M M Woodman, H Wang, J Gonzalez-Martinez, C Bernard, C Bénar, M Guye, P Chauvel, F Bartolomei
Individual variability has clear effects upon the outcome of therapies and treatment approaches. The customization of healthcare options to the individual patient should accordingly improve treatment results. We propose a novel approach to brain interventions based on personalized brain network models derived from non-invasive structural data of individual patients. Along the example of a patient with bitemporal epilepsy, we show step by step how to develop a Virtual Epileptic Patient (VEP) brain model and integrate patient-specific information such as brain connectivity, epileptogenic zone and MRI lesions...
July 28, 2016: NeuroImage
K Kovarski, A Thillay, E Houy-Durand, S Roux, A Bidet-Caulet, F Bonnet-Brilhault, M Batty
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by atypical visual perception both in the social and nonsocial domain. In order to measure a reliable visual response, visual evoked potentials were recorded during a passive pattern-reversal stimulation in adolescents and adults with and without ASD. While the present results show the same age-related changes in both autistic and non-autistic groups, they reveal a smaller P100 amplitude in the ASD group compared to controls. These results confirm that early visual responses are affected in ASD even with a simple, non social and passive stimulation and suggest that they should be considered in order to better understand higher-level processes...
October 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"