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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816270/-clinical-value-of-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-positive-of-exfoliated-urothelial-cells-in-urothelial-carcinoma
#1
J Y Liu, X Peng, X H Ning, T Li, S H Peng, J Y Wang, S J Liu, Y Ding, L Cai, K Gong
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical pathologic characteristics of cases with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) positive of exfoliated urothelial cells, so as to evaluate the clinical utility of FISH in the diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma (UC). METHODS: A total of 271 cases of FISH positive in Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital from Apr. 2012 to Sep. 2015 were recruited in this study. Retrospective analysis was made on their clinical data...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811785/estimation-of-body-fat-in-pakistani-adult-a-comparison-of-equations-based-upon-skinfold-thickness-measurements
#2
Hafeeza Naz, Kinza Mushtaq, Bilal Azeem Butt, Khadija Irfan Khawaja
OBJECTIVE: To compare three different body fats estimation equations using skin fold measurements with bioelectrical impedance analysis. METHODS: A total of 130 subjects were included from Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Services Hospital, Lahore from 1(st) April 2016 to 30(th) Sep. 2016. The triceps, biceps, subscapular, chest, thigh, abdominal, suprailiac skinfold thickness of the subjects was measured with skin-fold calipers (Harpenden) on non-dominant side...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804809/therapeutic-patient-education-in-cancer-pain-management-from-practice-to-research-proposals-and-strategy-of-the-french-effadol-program
#3
Virginie Prevost, Bénédicte Clarisse, Natacha Heutte, Alexandra Leconte, Cécile Bisson, Rachel Bignon, Sonia Cauchin, Maryline Feuillet, Sylvie Gehanne, Maud Gicquère, Marie-Christine Grach, Cyril Guillaumé, Christine Le Gal, Joelle Le Garrec, Franck Lecaer, Isabelle Lepleux, Anne-Laure Millet, Marie-Claude Ropartz, Nathalie Roux, Virith Sep Hieng, Carole Van Delook, Aline Le Chevalier, Claire Delorme
In the field of cancer pain, therapeutic patient education (TPE) allows patients to develop skills to better manage their pain. In the Lower Normandy region of France, the management of pain is based on networking, thus allowing proximity and accessibility for all concerned. We have thus designed and initiated a broad five-stage research program that includes the following: (1) training for caregivers in TPE; (2) identifying the educational expectations of patients and their relatives with regard to cancer pain; (3) the design of a TPE program; (4) the evaluation of its quality; and (5) the evaluation of its effectiveness by comparative randomization...
August 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803174/intraoperative-vascular-neuromonitoring-in-patients-with-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-pilot-study-using-combined-laser-doppler-spectrophotometry
#4
Emilija Schmitz, Barbara Bischoff, Dennis Wolf, Hubert Schmitt, Ilker Y Eyupoglu, Karl Roessler, Michael Buchfelder, Björn Sommer
OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative monitoring of cerebral microcirculation in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may predict the postoperative neurological outcome. In this pilot study, we examined the value of a novel non-invasive real-time measurement technique to detect changes in local microcirculation. METHODS: We used the laser-Doppler spectrophotometry system "Oxygen-to-see(O2C)" in 14 patients with SAH Hunt & Hess grade 2 to 5, who underwent microsurgical clipping of cerebral aneurysms...
August 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799345/positron-and-electron-scattering-by-glycine-and-alanine-shape-resonances-and-methylation-effect
#5
Fernanda B Nunes, Márcio H F Bettega, Sergio d'Almeida Sanchez
We report integral cross sections (ICSs) for both positron and electron scattering by glycine and alanine amino acids. These molecules differ only by a methyl group. We computed the scattering cross sections using the Schwinger multichannel method for both glycine and alanine in different levels of approximation for both projectiles. The alanine ICSs are greater in magnitude than the glycine ICSs for both positron and electron scattering, probably due to the larger size of the molecule. In electron scattering calculations, we found two resonances for each molecule...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795493/-molecularly-imprinted-chromatography-fails-to-distinguish-homeopatic-remedy-from-placebo
#6
Roman Kaliszan, Małgorzata Waszczuk-Jankowska, Danuta Siluk, Bartosz Wielgomas
It was sensation when Dr. J. Beneviste reported alleged experimental biological evidence of the water memory effect (E. Dayenas et al. Nature 333, 816-818, 1988; https://doi.org/10.1038/333816a0). These experiments have never been reproduced in controlled conditions, however. Instead, the hypothesis that water can be imprinted with the memory of past solutes was ruled out (J. Maddox et al. Nature 334, 287-290, 1988; https://doi.org/10.1038/334287a0). At present, so-called "molecular imprinting" is a technology of preparing polymer matrices as affinity-based analyte separation media (J...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794061/socioeconomic-position-and-markers-of-adiposity-among-female-teachers-in-mexico
#7
Kelly A Hirko, Martin Lajous, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Paul J Christine, Felice Lȇ-Scherban, Megan S Rice, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez
BACKGROUND: Occupation is often used as an indicator of socioeconomic position (SEP) in epidemiological studies, although it is unclear whether variation in SEP within a single occupational group is associated with health outcomes, including adiposity measures. METHODS: We created a multidimensional SEP index using principal component analysis based on self-reported data from 36 704 female teachers in Mexico from 2008 to 2011. Multivariable Poisson regression models with robust variance were used to evaluate cross-sectional associations of SEP and markers of adiposity, including obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m(2)), elevated waist-to-hip ratio (WHR >85) and high waist circumference (WC >88 cm)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789803/preliminary-performance-on-the-new-cms-sepsis-1-national-quality-measure-early-insights-from-the-emergency-quality-network-e-qual
#8
Arjun K Venkatesh, Todd Slesinger, Jessica Whittle, Tiffany Osborn, Emily Aaronson, Craig Rothenberg, Nalani Tarrant, Pawan Goyal, Donald M Yealy, Jeremiah D Schuur
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe current hospital-level performance for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' Severe Sepsis/Septic Shock Early Management Bundle (SEP-1) quality measure and qualitatively assess emergency department (ED) sepsis quality improvement best practice implementation. METHODS: Using a standardized Web-based submission portal, we surveyed quality improvement data from volunteer hospital-based EDs participating in the Emergency Quality Network Sepsis Initiative...
August 5, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789626/adolescent-alcohol-use-and-parental-and-adolescent-socioeconomic-position-in-six-european-cities
#9
Marina Bosque-Prous, Mirte A G Kuipers, Albert Espelt, Matthias Richter, Arja Rimpelä, Julian Perelman, Bruno Federico, M Teresa Brugal, Vincent Lorant, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Many risk behaviours in adolescence are socially patterned. However, it is unclear to what extent socioeconomic position (SEP) influences adolescent drinking in various parts of Europe. We examined how alcohol consumption is associated with parental SEP and adolescents' own SEP among students aged 14-17 years. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected in the 2013 SILNE study. Participants were 8705 students aged 14-17 years from 6 European cities...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781183/selenium-speciation-in-phosphate-mine-soils-and-evaluation-of-a-sequential-extraction-procedure-using-xafs
#10
Jessica E Favorito, Todd P Luxton, Matthew J Eick, Paul R Grossl
Selenium is a trace element found in western US soils, where ingestion of Se-accumulating plants has resulted in livestock fatalities. Therefore, a reliable understanding of Se speciation and bioavailability is critical for effective mitigation. Sequential extraction procedures (SEP) are often employed to examine Se phases and speciation in contaminated soils but may be limited by experimental conditions. We examined the validity of a SEP using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) for both whole and a sequence of extracted soils...
August 3, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780567/association-between-childhood-health-socioeconomic-and-school-related-factors-and-effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-a-25-year-follow-up-study
#11
Shuo Wang, Kristy Sanderson, Alison Venn, Terence Dwyer, Seana Gall
OBJECTIVES: Stress pathways can have origins in childhood, but few early predictors have been explored in relation to adult job stress. This study examined whether childhood school, health or socioeconomic factors were associated with adult job stress. METHODS: Data came from the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health study that began in 1985 with children aged 7-15 years who reported effortreward imbalance (ERI) scales at ages 31-41 years. Linear regression assessed the association between childhood factors and adult ERI adjusted for age and socioeconomic position (SEP) in childhood and adulthood...
August 5, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780193/is-brain-computed-tomography-combined-with-somatosensory-evoked-potentials-useful-in-the-prediction-of-brain-death-after-cardiac-arrest
#12
Maenia Scarpino, Giovanni Lanzo, Francesco Lolli, Marco Moretti, Riccardo Carrai, Maria Luisa Migliaccio, Maddalena Spalletti, Manuela Bonizzoli, Adriano Peris, Aldo Amantini, Antonello Grippo
BACKGROUND: Brain death (BD) in coma after cardiac arrest (CA) is difficult to predict. Basal ganglia gray matter/white matter (GM/WM) ratio density and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) may differentiate patients evolving toward BD. METHODS: We used SEPs and brain computed tomography (CT) after coma onset, within the first 24hours. RESULTS: Of the 160 patients included in the study, 22 (14%) evolved toward BD. SEP patterns predicted BD (ROC area=0...
August 2, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770185/intensive-nutrition-management-in-a-patient-with-short-bowel-syndrome-who-underwent-bariatric-surgery
#13
MeeRa Kweon, Dal Lae Ju, Misun Park, JiHyeong Choe, Yun-Suhk Suh, Eun-Mi Seol, Hyuk-Joon Lee
Many individuals with short bowel syndrome (SBS) require long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) to maintain adequate nutritional status. Herein, we report a successful intestinal adaptation of a patient with SBS through 13 times intensive nutritional support team (NST) managements. A thirty-five-year-old woman who could not eat due to intestinal discontinuity visited Seoul National University Hospital for reconstruction of the bowel. She received laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) due to morbid obesity in Jan 2013 at a certain hospital and successfully reduced her weight from 110 kg to 68 kg...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770112/anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-provokes-neuroplasticity-in-repetitive-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rats
#14
Ho Jeong Kim, Soo Jeong Han
Repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (rmTBI) provokes behavioral and cognitive changes. But the study about electrophysiologic findings and managements of rmTBI is limited. In this study, we investigate the effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on rmTBI. Thirty-one Sprague Dawley rats were divided into the following groups: sham, rmTBI, and rmTBI treated by tDCS. Animals received closed head mTBI three consecutive times a day. Anodal tDCS was applied to the left motor cortex. We evaluated the motor-evoked potential (MEP) and the somatosensory-evoked potential (SEP)...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768401/associations-between-preschool-education-experiences-and-adulthood-self-rated-health
#15
Jeehye Lee, Jinwook Bahk, Young-Ho Khang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between preschool education experiences and adulthood self-rated health using representative data from a national population-based survey. METHODS: Data from the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study in 2006 and 2012 were used. A total of 2391 men and women 21-41 years of age were analyzed. Log-binomial regression analyses were conducted to examine the associations between preschool education experience and self-rated health in adulthood...
July 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764588/n-1-n-14-diferuloylspermine-as-an-antioxidative-phytochemical-contained-in-leaves-of-cardamine-fauriei
#16
Keima Abe, Hideyuki Matsuura, Mitsuko Ukai, Hanako Shimura, Hiroyuki Koshino, Takashi Suzuki
Most Brassicaceae vegetables are ideal dietary sources of antioxidants beneficial for human health. Cardamine fauriei (Ezo-wasabi in Japanese) is a wild, edible Brassicaceae herb native to Hokkaido, Japan. To clarify the main antioxidative phytochemical, an 80% methanol extraction from the leaves was fractionated with Diaion® HP-20, Sephadex® LH-20, and Sep-Pak® C18 cartridges, and the fraction with strong antioxidant activity depending on DPPH method was purified by HPLC. Based on the analyses using HRESIMS and MS/MS, the compound might be N(1), N(14)-diferuloylspermine...
August 2, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763881/-efficacy-and-tolerance-of-memantine-monotherapy-and-combination-therapy-with-reinhartdt-and-sea-cucumber-capsule-on-agitation-in-moderate-to-severe-alzheimer-disease
#17
E Y Yu, Z L Liao, Y F Tan, Y J Qiu, J P Zhu, Y Chen, S S Lin, M H Wu
Objective: To explore the efficacy and tolerance of Memantine combined Reinhartdt And Sea Cucumber Capsule (R.S.C) on treating agitation in patients with moderate-severe Alzheimer disease (AD). Methods: One hundred and fifty-eight moderate-sever AD patients from Sep.2013 to Sep.2014 in Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were randomly divided into two groups: group of Memantine combined R. S.C and group of single Memantine. Then Mini-Mental Sate Examination (MMSE) and Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) were used to evaluate cognition symptom, behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and agitation symptom at the baseline and the end of 24 weeks...
July 18, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759257/in-search-of-lost-small-peptides
#18
Serge Plaza, Gerben Menschaert, François Payre
A large body of evidence indicates that genome annotation pipelines have biased our view of coding sequences because they generally undersample small proteins and peptides. The recent development of genome-wide translation profiling reveals the prevalence of small/short open reading frames (smORFs or sORFs), which are scattered over all classes of transcripts, including both mRNAs and presumptive long noncodingRNAs. Proteomic approaches further confirm an unexpected variety of smORF-encoded peptides (SEPs), representing an overlooked reservoir of bioactive molecules...
July 31, 2017: Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756601/mechanistic-insight-into-pyrene-removal-by-natural-sepiolites
#19
Eyüp Sabah, Sabeha Ouki
This paper investigates the sorption characteristics and mechanisms of pyrene onto two types of natural sepiolite-brown (B-Sep) and white (W-Sep). The effects of relevant properties such as clay content, surface area, pore diameter and volume, divalent cations, and organic carbon content were investigated by single component batch adsorption systems. The results suggest that pyrene has high affinity for both sepiolite and its sorption behavior could be mainly affected by exchangeable strongly hydrated cations such as Ca(2+) and H2O in the zeolite-like channels and by open channel defects (OCD) structures but no so much by the large number of Si-OH groups located on the sepiolite's basal surfaces...
July 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753233/knockout-of-a-p-glycoprotein-gene-increases-susceptibility-to-abamectin-and-emamectin-benzoate-in-spodoptera-exigua
#20
Y-Y Zuo, J-L Huang, J Wang, Y Feng, T-T Han, Y-D Wu, Y-H Yang
P-glycoprotein [P-gp or the ATP-binding cassette transporter B1 (ABCB1)] is an important participant in multidrug resistance of cancer cells, yet the precise function of this arthropod transporter is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the importance of P-gp for susceptibility to insecticides in the beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua) using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) gene-editing technology. We cloned an open reading frame (ORF) encoding the S...
July 28, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
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