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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433781/prevalence-of-celiac-disease-autoimmunity-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-china
#1
Juanli Yuan, Chunyan Zhou, Jinyan Gao, Jingjing Li, Fenglian Yu, Jun Lu, Xin Li, Xiaozhong Wang, Ping Tong, Zhihua Wu, Anshu Yang, Yonghong Yao, Sarah Nadif, Heng Shu, Jiang Xu, Yujie Wu, Luud Gilissen, Hongbing Chen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In China, epidemiological information on celiac disease autoimmunity is scarce and fragmented. We investigated the prevalence of celiac disease autoimmunity in the general Chinese population. METHODS: In a cross-sectional prospective study, 19,778 undiagnosed Chinese adolescents and young adults (16-25 years old) were recruited from consecutive new students who underwent routine physical examinations at 2 universities in Jiangxi, China from Sep...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432693/multimodal-neurophysiological-monitoring-in-healthy-infants-born-at-term-normative-continuous-somatosensory-evoked-potentials-data
#2
Silvia Lori, Simonetta Gabbanini, Maria Bastianelli, Giovanna Bertini, Iuri Corsini, Carlo Dani
AIM: To describe accurate, standardized 1h-multimodal neurophysiological monitoring (1h-MNM), while simultaneously recording VEEG, aEEG, and SEP-C bilaterally from median nerves, and to collect neonatal normative SEP-C data related to behavioural states. METHOD: Twenty healthy, term newborn infants (13 males, 7 females; gestational age 37-42wks; mean 39.6wks, standard deviation [SD] 1.3wks) underwent 1h-MNM within 2 days of life, with focus on recording of the SEP-C (band-pass setting 1-100 Hz, rate of stimulation 1...
April 22, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430708/the-somatosensory-evoked-potential-in-reaction-time-is-gated-and-elicited-earlier-when-the-motor-response-to-a-somatosensory-cue-is-faster
#3
Koichi Hiraoka, Chisato Kori, Kana Sato
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the somatosensory-evoked potential (SEP) is gated and elicited earlier when a motor response to a somatosensory stimulus is faster. In healthy humans, the left index finger and thumb were pinched in response to a somatosensory stimulus administered over the left median nerve. The SEP elicited by this stimulus when producing a fast motor response was compared with that when producing a slow motor response. The amplitudes of N18 and frontal P40 when producing a fast motor response were smaller than those when producing a slow motor response...
April 20, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426423/the-discovery-of-acanthocephalans-parasitizing-chaetognaths
#4
Horacio Lozano-Cobo, Jaime Gómez-Gutiérrez, Carmen Franco-Gordo, María Del Carmen Gómez Del Prado-Rosas
A comprehensive literature review shows that 12 types of pathogens, micropredators and parasites are reported to interact with chaetognaths, mostly digenean trematodes, cestodes and nematodes larval stages. Through analysis of 78,152 chaetognaths from a monthly zooplankton time series (Jan 1996-Dec 1998) collected in the Mexican Central Pacific twelve acanthocephalan larvae parasitizing chaetognaths were discovered. This is the first record of an acanthocephalan parasitizing chaetognaths, raising to 13 the types of symbionts known to interact with them (excluding predators)...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420315/dental-care-attendance-and-refrainment-from-dental-care-among-adults
#5
Magnus Hakeberg, Ulla Wide Boman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse dental care utilization, refrainment from self-perceived needed dental care and the association with socioeconomic indicators among adult individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey included 3500 randomly selected adult individuals. Telephone interviews were conducted and the participants answered a battery of questions regarding dental visiting habits, health, socioeconomic position (SEP), behavioural factors and lifestyle indicators...
April 19, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413132/development-of-an-intradermal-dna-vaccine-delivery-strategy-to-achieve-single-dose-immunity-against-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#6
Trevor R F Smith, Katherine Schultheis, Matthew P Morrow, Kimberly A Kraynyak, Jay R McCoy, Kevin C Yim, Karuppiah Muthumani, Laurent Humeau, David B Weiner, Niranjan Y Sardesai, Kate E Broderick
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a massive medical burden in infants, children and the elderly worldwide, and an effective, safe RSV vaccine remains an unmet need. Here we assess a novel vaccination strategy based on the intradermal delivery of a SynCon® DNA-based vaccine encoding engineered RSV-F antigen using a surface electroporation device (SEP) to target epidermal cells, in clinically relevant experimental models. We demonstrate the ability of this strategy to elicit robust immune responses. Importantly we demonstrate complete resistance to pulmonary infection at a single low dose of vaccine in the cotton rat RSV/A challenge model...
April 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406435/associations-of-dietary-glucose-fructose-and-sucrose-with-%C3%AE-cell-function-insulin-sensitivity-and-type-2-diabetes-in-the-maastricht-study
#7
Louise J C J den Biggelaar, Simone J P M Eussen, Simone J S Sep, Andrea Mari, Ele Ferrannini, Martien C J M van Dongen, Karlijn F M Denissen, Nicole E G Wijckmans, Miranda T Schram, Carla J van der Kallen, Annemarie Koster, Nicolaas Schaper, Ronald M A Henry, Coen D A Stehouwer, Pieter C Dagnelie
The associations of glucose, fructose, and sucrose intake with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been inconsistent. Furthermore, there is a lack of studies focusing on early markers of T2DM that provide insight into the process of T2DM progression: impaired pancreatic β-cell function (BCF) and insulin sensitivity. This study evaluated associations cross-sectionally in a population-based cohort consisting of 2818 individuals (mean ± SD age 59.7 ± 8.18, 49.5% male, n = 120 newly diagnosed T2DM). Glucose, fructose, and sucrose intake were assessed by a food frequency questionnaire...
April 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404580/effects-of-face-head-and-whole-body-cooling-during-passive-heat-stress-on-human-somatosensory-processing
#8
Hiroki Nakata, Mari Namba, Ryusuke Kakigi, Manabu Shibasaki
We herein investigated the effects of face/head and whole body cooling during passive heat stress on human somatosensory processing recorded by somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) at C4' and Fz electrodes. Fourteen healthy subjects received a median nerve stimulation at the left wrist. SEPs were recorded at normothermic baseline (Rest), when esophageal temperature had increased by ~1.2 °C (Heat stress: HS) during passive heating, face/head cooling during passive heating (face/head cooling: FHC), and after HS (whole body cooling: WBC)...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402712/investigation-of-a-staphylococcal-food-poisoning-outbreak-from-a-chantilly-cream-dessert-in-umbria-italy
#9
Laura Ercoli, Silvia Gallina, Yacine Nia, Frédéric Auvray, Sara Primavilla, Fabrizia Guidi, Benedetta Pierucci, Catia Graziotti, Lucia Decastelli, Stefania Scuota
On August 28, 2015, a staphylococcal food poisoning outbreak occurred in Umbria, Italy, affecting 24 of the 42 customers who had dinner at a local restaurant. About 3 h after ingesting a variety of foods, the customers manifested gastrointestinal symptoms. Within 24 h of notification from the hospital emergency department, Sanitary Inspectors of the local Public Health Unit performed an epidemiological investigation. A retrospective cohort study was conducted among the customers. Food and environmental samples were collected...
April 12, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402103/patient-derived-airway-secretion-dissociation-technique-to-isolate-and-concentrate-immune-cells-using-closed-loop-inertial-microfluidics
#10
Hyunryul Ryu, Kyungyong Choi, Yanyan Qu, Taehong Kwon, Janet S Lee, Jongyoon Han
Assessment of airway secretion cells, both for research and clinical purposes, is a highly desired goal in patients with acute and chronic pulmonary diseases. However, lack of proper cell isolation and enrichment techniques hinder downstream evaluation and characterization of cells found in airway secretions. Here, we demonstrate a novel enrichment method to capture immune-related cells from clinical airway secretions using closed-loop separation of spiral inertial microfluidics (C-sep). By recirculating the output focusing stream back to the input reservoir and running continuously with a high flow processing rate, one can achieve optimal concentration, recovery and purity of airway immune cells from a large volume of diluent, which was not readily possible in the single-pass operation...
April 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395662/erratum-to-comment-on-gleicher-n-et-al-2016-reprod-biol-endocrinol-sep-5-14-1-54
#11
Ashley W Tiegs, James A Grifo, Santiago Munné, David H McCulloh, Brooke Hodes-Wertz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394719/effects-of-strength-explosive-and-plyometric-training-on-energy-cost-of-running-in-ultra-endurance-athletes
#12
Nicola Giovanelli, Paolo Taboga, Enrico Rejc, Stefano Lazzer
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a 12-week home-based strength, explosive and plyometric (SEP) training on the cost of running (Cr) in well-trained ultra-marathoners and to assess the main mechanical parameters affecting changes in Cr. Twenty-five male runners (38.2 ± 7.1 years; body mass index: 23.0 ± 1.1 kg·m(-2); V˙O2max: 55.4 ± 4.0 mlO2·kg(-1)·min(-1)) were divided into an exercise (EG = 13) and control group (CG = 12). Before and after a 12-week SEP training, Cr, spring-mass model parameters at four speeds (8, 10, 12, 14 km·h(-1)) were calculated and maximal muscle power (MMP) of the lower limbs was measured...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393375/long-term-outcome-of-patients-with-solitary-plasmacytoma-treated-with-radiotherapy-a-population-based-single-center-study-with-median-follow-up-of-13-7%C3%A2-years
#13
Dlawer Abdulla Barzenje, Arne Kolstad, Waleed Ghanima, Harald Holte
In this single-center, population-based, and retrospective study, we analyzed the outcome of 49 patients with solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP) and 28 patients with solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (SEP), all treated with radiotherapy. Laminectomy was performed in 18/30 SBP patients with vertebral involvement and tumour resection in 10 SEP patients. Overall survival and cause of death for each patient were compared to 5 sex-, age-, and residency-matched individuals from the normal population. Response (complete and partial) was achieved in 94% of SBP and 96% of SEP patients...
April 9, 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392716/er-yag-pre-treatment-for-bonding-of-orthodontic-bracket-1-year-of-in-vitro-treatment
#14
Rudys Rodolfo de Jesus Tavarez, Gisele Lima Bezerra, Karla Janilee de Souza Penha, Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres, Leily Macedo Firoozmand
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro bond strength of metal brackets bonded with: total etch, total etch with erbium: yttrium aluminum garnet laser (Er:YAG) and self-etching adhesive systems, submitted to thermal-mechanical cycling, simulating 1 year of orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the study, 80 bovine incisors were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups (n=16 each): XT- acid etching + Transbond XT, XT/Er:YAG- Transbond XT associated with Er:YAG laser irradiation (λ=2...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392526/determination-of-trace-hydrazine-in-environmental-water-samples-by-in-situ-solid-phase-extraction
#15
Toshikuni Kato, Shogo Sugahara, Takahiro Kajitani, Yukiko Senga, Michiko Egawa, Hiroshi Kamiya, Yasushi Seike
A simple and rapid in situ method for the determination of hydrazine based on the concentration of aldazine compound formed by the reaction of hydrazine with p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde was developed. This method was based on solid-phase extraction using a Sep-Pak C18 cartridge, followed by the quantification of hydrazine using a spectrophotometric method. To a sample solution of environmental water, p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde solution was added to form aldazine by the reaction with hydrazine. The solution was passed through a Sep-Pak C18 cartridge for the adsorption of aldazine...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389496/the-interaction-of-socioeconomic-position-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-family-history-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-lifelines-cohort-and-biobank-study
#16
Sander K R van Zon, Harold Snieder, Ute Bültmann, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic position (SEP) and family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) contribute to increased T2DM risk, but it is unclear whether they exacerbate each other's effect. This study examined whether SEP reinforces the association of T2DM family history with T2DM, and whether behavioural and clinical risk factors can explain this reinforcement. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data on 51 725 participants from Lifelines. SEP was measured as educational level and was self-reported, just as family history of T2DM...
April 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382646/an-optimized-dna-analysis-workflow-for-the-sampling-extraction-and-concentration-of-dna-obtained-from-archived-latent-fingerprints
#17
April D Solomon, Madison E Hytinen, Aryn M McClain, Marilyn T Miller, Tracey Dawson Cruz
DNA profiles have been obtained from fingerprints, but there is limited knowledge regarding DNA analysis from archived latent fingerprints-touch DNA "sandwiched" between adhesive and paper. Thus, this study sought to comparatively analyze a variety of collection and analytical methods in an effort to seek an optimized workflow for this specific sample type. Untreated and treated archived latent fingerprints were utilized to compare different biological sampling techniques, swab diluents, DNA extraction systems, DNA concentration practices, and post-amplification purification methods...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377841/what-can-we-learn-from-two-consecutive-cases-droperidol-may-abolish-tcmeps
#18
Ángel Saponaro González, Pedro Javier Pérez Lorensu, Santiago Chaves Gómez, Josué Francisco Nodarse Medina, Jose Ángel Torres Dios
Droperidol is a D2 receptor antagonist currently used in Europe for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting. It was used to perform neurolept anaesthesia in combination with fentanyl until a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 'black box' warning restricted its use due to cardiovascular side effects in 2001. There is no literature regarding the effects of droperidol on transcranial motor evoked potentials (TcMEPs) elicited by electrical stimulation. Our aim was to report two cases of spine surgery in which TcMEPs were lost due to droperidol administration...
February 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376927/response-to-comment-on-gleicher-n-et-al-2016-reprod-biol-endocrinol-sep-5-14-1-54
#19
EDITORIAL
Norbert Gleicher, Andrea Vidali, Jeffrey Braverman, Vitaly A Kushnir, David H Barad, Cynthia Hudson, Yang-Guan Wu, Qi Wang, Lin Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376830/response-to-comment-on-gleicher-n-et-al-2016-reprod-biol-endocrinol-sep-5-14-1-54
#20
EDITORIAL
Ashley W Tiegs, James A Grifo, Santiago Munné, David H McCulloh, Brooke Hodes-Wertz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
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