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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145641/changes-in-global-longitudinal-strain-and-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-during-the-first-year-after-myocardial-infarction-results-from-a-large-consecutive-cohort
#1
Tomasz Baron, Christina Christersson, Gustav Hjorthén, Eva-Maria Hedin, Frank A Flachskampf
Aims: To determine changes of global longitudinal strain (GLS) and their predictors in relation to classical echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV) function, over 1 year, in consecutive patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and initially normal or impaired LV ejection fraction (EF). Methods and results: A total of 285 patients with MI prospectively included in the REBUS (RElevance of Biomarkers for future risk of thromb-oembolic events in UnSelected post-myocardial infarction patients) study underwent echocardiography within 72 h from admission and after 1 year...
November 13, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145609/the-differential-effects-of-hiv-and-hcv-on-bone-micro-architecture-and-fracture-risk
#2
Roger J Bedimo, Beverley Adams-Huet, John Poindexter, Geri Brown, Irfan Farukhi, Rosinda Castanon, Diana Turner, Teresa Moore, Pablo Tebas, Naim M Maalouf
Background: HIV/HCV co-infected subjects have a significantly greater osteoporotic fracture risk than HIV-infected, despite the fact that HIV/HCV co-infection has not been associated with lower bone mineral density (BMD) than HIV or HCV alone. We evaluated if changes in bone microarchitecture , measured by trabecular bone score (TBS) could explain these differences. Design: We performed a prospective, cross-sectional cohort study of virologically suppressed HIV, untreated HCV, HIV/HCV co-infected and non-infected controls...
November 14, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145604/commentary-on-incidence-and-predictors-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-abdominoplasty
#3
James C Grotting, K Kye Higdon, Varun Gupta, Julian Winocour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145570/tooth-wear-and-gingival-recession-in-210-orthodontically-treated-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Marco Mijuskovic, Meret C Gebistorf, Nikolaos Pandis, Anne M Renkema, Piotr S Fudalej
Aim: To assess the association between tooth wear (TW) and gingival recession (GR). Materials and Methods: Two hundred and ten orthodontically treated participants (100 males) were evaluated. GR and TW were rated independently by four raters on plaster models at four time points: before treatment (T1), mean age 13.8 years (SD = 3.7); after treatment (T2), mean age 16.7 years (SD = 3.9); 3 years after treatment (T3), mean age 19.7 years (SD = 4.2); and 7 years after treatment (T4), mean age 23...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145519/stigmatizing-attitudes-toward-people-living-with-hiv-among-general-adult-thai-population-results-from-the-5th-thai-national-health-examination-survey-nhes
#5
Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Jiraluck Nontarak, Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Pattapong Kessomboon, Panwadee Putwatana, Surasak Taneepanichskul, Wichai Aekplakorn
BACKGROUND: HIV-related stigma and discrimination is a significant driver of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS encourages all nations to monitor progress toward elimination of this problem. This study measured the level of stigmatizing attitudes toward people living with HIV (PLHIV) among Thai adults in the general population using recommended global tools. METHODS: Data from the 5th National Health Examination Survey, conducted in 2014 were used. The survey utilized six questions recommended by the Global Stigma and Discrimination Indicator Working Group and was administered to participants aged 20-59 years old...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145512/impact-of-the-surgical-strategy-on-the-incidence-of-c5-nerve-root-palsy-in-decompressive-cervical-surgery
#6
Theresa Krätzig, Malte Mohme, Klaus C Mende, Sven O Eicker, Frank W Floeth
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify the impact of different surgical strategies on the incidence of C5 palsy. BACKGROUND: Degenerative cervical spinal stenosis is a steadily increasing morbidity in the ageing population. Postoperative C5 nerve root palsy is a common complication with severe impact on the patients´ quality of life. METHODS: We identified 1708 consecutive patients who underwent cervical decompression surgery due to degenerative changes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145510/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-in-switzerland-predictors-for-emergency-department-mortality-in-patients-with-rosc-or-on-going-cpr-on-admission-to-the-emergency-department
#7
Thomas C Sauter, Nora Iten, Patrik R Schwab, Wolf E Hautz, Meret E Ricklin, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos
BACKGROUND: One of the leading causes of death is out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with an in-hospital mortality of about 70%. To identify predictors for the high mortality of OHCA patients and especially for women, that are considered at high risk for in-hospital mortality, we evaluated one specific setting of in-hospital treatment after OHCA: the emergency department (ED). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive ED admissions with OHCA at the Inselspital Bern, Switzerland from 1st June 2012 to 31th Mai 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145466/serum-tsh-levels-as-a-predictor-of-malignancy-in-thyroid-nodules-a-prospective-study
#8
Lenara Golbert, Ana Patrícia de Cristo, Carlo Sasso Faccin, Mauricio Farenzena, Heloísa Folgierini, Marcia Silveira Graudenz, Ana Luiza Maia
BACKGROUND: The role of serum TSH concentrations as a predictor of malignancy of thyroid nodule remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the usefulness of serum TSH levels as a predictor of malignancy in thyroid nodules. METHODS: Patients with thyroid nodule(s) who underwent fine-needle aspiration biopsy under ultrasonographic guidance in a tertiary, university-based hospital were consecutively evaluated. Patients with known thyroid cancer and/or patients receiving thyroid medication were excluded...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145422/missense-mutation-at-cldn8-associated-with-a-high-plasma-interferon-gamma-inducible-protein-10-level-in-methadone-maintained-patients-with-urine-test-positive-for-morphine
#9
Tung-Hsia Liu, Ren-Hua Chung, Sheng-Chang Wang, Chiu-Ping Fang, Hsiao-Hui Tsou, Chia-Lung Shih, Hsiang-Wei Kuo, Yun Wang, Yu-Li Liu
We previously reported a high plasma chemokine interferon gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) level and prolonged electrocardiography QT-interval in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients with HIV or HCV infection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the genetic association of high plasma IP-10 level in the MMT patients. The gene-based and pathway-based association analyses were conducted using a genome-wide association study dataset in 344 MMT patients for identifying genes and pathways associated with plasma IP-10 level...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145409/predictors-of-suicide-ideation-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#10
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith
OBJECTIVES: Bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions as 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt, and about 15% will intentionally end their lives. Among young adults with BD, substance misuse, medication non-adherence, age at onset, and comorbid psychiatric conditions each predict self-harm. It is currently unclear if these same factors or others predict suicide ideation among older adults with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD over 19 days using socio-demographically targeted, social media advertising and online data collection (Mean = 58...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145333/risk-factors-and-a-simple-model-for-predicting-bile-leakage-after-radical-hepatectomy-in-patients-with-hepatic-alveolar-echinococcosis
#11
Xianwei Yang, Yiwen Qiu, Wentao Wang, Xi Feng, Shu Shen, Bo Li, Tianfu Wen, Jiayin Yang, Mingqing Xu, Zheyu Chen, Lunan Yan
Postoperative bile leakage (BL) is a major complication of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE). The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for BL and to establish a simple scoring system for predicting BL.A total of 152 patients with HAE were included in the study between May 2004 and December 2016. The patient's baseline data, laboratory blood tests, imaging features, and surgical management were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to screen for factors to predict BL...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145280/liver-stiffness-measurement-and-spleen-diameter-as-predictors-for-the-presence-of-esophageal-varices-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients
#12
Mohammed Tag-Adeen, Mohamed Alsenbesy, Ali Abdelrahman Ghweil, M Ali Hussein Abd Elrazek, Elsayed A Elgohary, Mohammad M Sallam, Ali Ismael, Abdallah Nawara
Although it is an invasive and unpleasant procedure, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is still the gold standard for esophageal varices (EV) detection. The aim of this study was to investigate liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and spleen diameter as simple noninvasive tools for EV prediction in chronic hepatitis C patients (CHC).A total of 123 Egyptian patients with CHC have been included and were classified based on screening EGD result into 2 groups; group A (without EV) and group B (with EV). Group (B) was subclassified according to EV grade into 4 subgroups: (B1, grade I), (B2, grade II), (B3, grade III), and (B4, grade IV)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145271/tug1-spry4-it1-and-hulc-as-valuable-prognostic-biomarkers-of-survival-in-cancer-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis
#13
Yucheng Zhong, Zhicong Chen, Shuyuan Guo, Xinhui Liao, Haibiao Xie, Yien Zheng, Bin Cai, Peixian Huang, Yuhan Liu, Qun Zhou, Yuchen Liu, Weiren Huang
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (LncRNAs) are involved in the development and progression of various cancers. Accumulating evidences indicated that expression of lncRNAs was related to the prognosis of tumors. METHODS: Here, 3 well-known lncRNAs associated with cancer were gathered to prove the potential role of lncRNAs as novel predictors of survival in human cancer. This meta-analysis collected all eligible studies about TUG1, SPRY4-IT1, and HULC and explored the relationship between lncRNAs expression and lymph node metastasis (LNM) or overall survival (OS)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145263/ldl-cholesterol-goal-attainment-under-persistent-lipid-lowering-therapy-in-northeast-china-subgroup-analysis-of-the-dyslipidemia-international-study-of-china-dysis-china
#14
Wen Zheng, Yu-Jiao Zhang, Xiang-Ting Bu, Xin-Zhu Guo, Da-Yi Hu, Zhan-Quan Li, Jian Sun
Lipid-lowering therapy with statins reduces the risk of cardiovascular events, but the efficacy of persistent treatment in a real-world setting may vary from regions. Routine lipid-lowering therapy in the region with a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease may lead to more failures of goal attainment. We therefore performed a study to observe different lipid-lowering strategies in northeast (NE) China with respect to low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction and goal attainments.A cross-sectional study (DYSIS-China) was conducted in 2012, involving 25,317 patients from 122 centers across China who were diagnosed with hyperlipidemia and treated with lipid-lowering therapy for at least 3 months...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145250/consort-independent-prognostic-value-of-asphericity-of-pretherapeutic-f-18-fdg-uptake-by-primary-tumors-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#15
Ji-Hoon Jung, Seung Hyun Son, Do-Hoon Kim, Jeeyeon Lee, Shin Young Jeong, Sang-Woo Lee, Ho Yong Park, Jaetae Lee, Byeong-Cheol Ahn
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic implication of asphericity (ASP); spatial irregularity; of pretherapeutic F 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose (F FDG) tumor uptake in patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one female IDC patients (mean age = 48.1 ± 10.4 years), with pathological tumor size greater than 2 cm were retrospectively evaluated using F FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145246/case-report-pentoxifylline-treatment-in-microscopic-colitis
#16
Thomas G Cotter, Amrit K Kamboj, Stephen Bradley Hicks, William J Tremaine, Edward V Loftus, Darrell S Pardi
RATIONALE: Microscopic colitis is a common cause of diarrhea. Pentoxifylline, a xanthine derivative with anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha properties, is prescribed for intermittent claudication and other disorders. Our goal was to evaluate the outcomes of patients with microscopic colitis treated with pentoxifylline. PATIENT CONCERNS: Nine patients with microscopic colitis (8 collagenous colitis and 1 lymphocytic colitis) seen at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, between January 1, 1997 and November 30, 2016, were included...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145207/determinants-prevalence-and-trajectory-of-long-term-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment-results-from-a-4-year-follow-up-of-the-auckland-stroke-regional-outcomes-study-iv-study
#17
Susan Mahon, Priya Parmar, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Rita Krishnamurthi, Kelly Jones, Alice Theadom, Valery Feigin
BACKGROUND: The long-term (>12 months) prevalence, predictors, and trajectory of post-stroke cognitive deficits are not well established, especially at a community level. This study investigated the longitudinal course and prevalence of cognitive impairment in an incidence cohort, identifying factors associated with declining cognition. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-seven participants (mean age = 67.93 ± 13.59) of first-ever stroke survivors, completed cognitive assessments within 2 weeks post stroke, and/or 1, 6, 12, and 48-month...
November 16, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145048/development-of-a-microscale-land-use-regression-model-for-predicting-no2-concentrations-at-a-heavy-trafficked-suburban-area-in-auckland-nz
#18
L F Weissert, J A Salmond, G Miskell, M Alavi-Shoshtari, D E Williams
Land use regression (LUR) analysis has become a key method to explain air pollutant concentrations at unmeasured sites at city or country scales, but little is known about the applicability of LUR at microscales. We present a microscale LUR model developed for a heavy trafficked section of road in Auckland, New Zealand. We also test the within-city transferability of LUR models developed at different spatial scales (local scale and city scale). Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was measured during summer at 40 sites and a LUR model was developed based on standard criteria...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145042/relationship-of-t1-slope-with-loss-of-lordosis-and-surgical-outcomes-after-laminoplasty-for-cervical-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament
#19
Masashi Miyazaki, Toshinobu Ishihara, Naoki Notani, Shozo Kanezaki, Hiroshi Tsumura
OBJECTIVE: T1 slope (T1S) has emerged as a predictor of kyphotic alignment change after laminoplasty. Although it was reported that patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and higher T1S had more pronounced lordotic curvature before surgery and higher loss of cervical lordosis after surgery, few studies have attempted to correlate these findings with clinical outcomes. We aimed to investigate the relationship of T1S with loss of cervical lordosis and surgical outcomes after laminoplasty for cervical OPLL...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145004/effects-of-primary-care-physician-density-urologist-presence-and-insurance-status-on-stage-of-diagnosis-for-urologic-malignancies
#20
Kristy D Nguyen, Zain Z Hyder, Marshall D Shaw, Sarah B Maness, Michael S Cookson, Sanjay G Patel, Kelly L Stratton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of PCP density, insurance status, and urologist presence on stage of diagnosis for urologic malignancies. Cancer stage at diagnosis is an important outcome predictor. Studies have shown an inverse relationship to primary care physician (PCP) density and insurance coverage with stage of cancer diagnosis. METHODS: Data was obtained from OK2Share, an Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry, for bladder, kidney, and prostate cancer from 2000 to 2010...
November 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
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