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Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and cardiovascular disease

Shohreh F Farzan, Elizabeth B Brickley, Zhigang Li, Diane Gilbert-Diamond, Anala Gossai, Yu Chen, Caitlin G Howe, Thomas Palys, Margaret R Karagas
INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence indicates that arsenic (As), a potent environmental toxicant, may increase cardiovascular disease risk and adversely affect endothelial function at high levels of exposure. Pregnancy is a vulnerable time for both mother and child; however, studies examining the association between prenatal As exposure and plasma biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial function in mothers and newborns are lacking. METHODS: We examined maternal urinary As levels at gestational weeks 24-28 and levels of inflammatory biomarkers in plasma from 563 pregnant women and 500 infants' cord blood...
April 11, 2017: Environmental Research
M Park, R Katz, M G Shlipak, D Weiner, R Tracy, V Jotwani, J Hughes-Austin, F Gabbai, C Y Hsu, M Pfeffer, N Bansal, A Bostom, O Gutierrez, M Sarnak, A Levey, J H Ix
Cardiovascular risk remains high in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) despite improved kidney function after transplant. Urinary markers of kidney fibrosis and injury may help to reveal mechanisms of this risk. In a case-cohort study among stable KTRs who participated in the FAVORIT trial, we measured 4 urinary proteins known to correlate with kidney tubulointerstitial fibrosis on biopsy (urine alpha 1 microglobulin [α1m], monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1], procollagen type I [PINP] and type III [PIIINP] N-terminal amino peptide) and evaluated associations with cardiovascular disease (CVD) events (N=300) and death (N=371)...
March 29, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
Motofumi Kumazoe, Yuki Nakamura, Mai Yamashita, Takashi Suzuki, Kanako Takamatsu, Yuhui Huang, Jaehoon Bae, Shuya Yamashita, Motoki Murata, Shuhei Yamada, Yuki Shinoda, Wataru Yamaguchi, Yui Toyoda, Hirofumi Tachibana
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays an essential role in innate immunity through inflammatory cytokine induction. Recent studies demonstrated that the abnormal activation of TLR4 has a pivotal role in obesity-induced inflammation, which is associated with several diseases, including hyperinsulinemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and cardiovascular disease. Here we demonstrate that (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate, a natural agonist of the 67-kDa laminin receptor (67LR), suppressed TLR4 expression through E3 ubiquitin-protein ring finger protein 216 (RNF216) up-regulation...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Jeanney Lew, Monika Sanghavi, Colby R Ayers, Darren K McGuire, Torbjørn Omland, Dorothee Atzler, Maria O Gore, Ian Neeland, Jarett D Berry, Amit Khera, Anand Rohatgi, James A de Lemos
BACKGROUND: Few data are available comparing cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarker profiles between women and men in the general population. We analyzed sex-based differences in multiple biomarkers reflecting distinct pathophysiological pathways, accounting for differences between women and men in CVD risk factors, body composition, and cardiac morphology. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was performed using data from the Dallas Heart Study, a multiethnic population-based study...
February 7, 2017: Circulation
Mette Bohl, Ann Bjørnshave, Søren Gregersen, Kjeld Hermansen
BACKGROUND: Low-grade inflammation is involved in the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Inflammation can be modulated by dietary factors. Dairy products are rich in saturated fatty acids (SFA), which are known to possess pro-inflammatory properties. However, different fatty acid compositions may exert different effects. Other components such as milk proteins may exert anti-inflammatory properties which may compensate for the potential negative effects of SFAs. Generally, the available data suggest a neutral role of dairy product consumption on inflammation...
July 2016: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
Zhiwen Tao, Yingbin Ge, Ningtian Zhou, Yunle Wang, Weili Cheng, Zhijian Yang
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and inflammation play important roles in the cardiac fibrosis development associated with myocardial infarction (MI). Puerarin is wildly used for treatment of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular disease in China, and recently some studies have shown its anti-cardiac fibrotic effect on myocardial hypertrophy. The purpose of our study was to determine whether puerarin has an anti-cardiac fibrotic effect after MI and find the potential mechanism. A mouse model of MI was established by standard LAD coronary artery ligation, and cardiac fibrosis was confirmed by Masson's staining and the expression of collagen I, III and α-SMA...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Natália A Borges, Amanda F Barros, Lia S Nakao, Carla J Dolenga, Denis Fouque, Denise Mafra
OBJECTIVE: Protein-bound uremic toxins from gut microbiota tend to accumulate in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and are poorly removed by current dialysis techniques. These toxins induce inflammation and are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to report the relationship between uremic toxins and inflammatory and cardiovascular markers in CKD patients. DESIGN: This was a cross sectional study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-one nondialysis patients were included (43% men, 63...
November 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Gabriela M Balarini, Eliana Zandonade, Leandro Tanure, Gilda A Ferreira, Wildner M Sardenberg, Érica V Serrano, Cleia C Dias, Túlio P Navarro, Hilde H Nordal, Piotr M Mydel, Johan G Brun, Karl A Brokstad, Eva Gerdts, Roland Jonsson, Valéria Valim
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify the association of carotid atherosclerosis with the traditional risk factors, disease features, cytokine profile, and calprotectin in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: 63 primary pSS patients and 63 age- and sex-matched healthy controls underwent carotid ultrasound, clinical and laboratory examination. The presence of carotid plaques was taken as carotid atherosclerosis. The covariates of carotid atherosclerosis were identified in univariate and multivariate regressions...
November 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Melissa Maritz, Carla M T Fourie, Johannes M Van Rooyen, Sarah J Moss, Aletta E Schutte
Increased arterial stiffness is linked to cardiovascular disease development, particularly in black populations. Since detrimental health behaviors in young adults may affect arterial stiffness, we determined whether arterial stiffness associates with specific health behaviors, and whether it is more pronounced in young healthy black compared to white adults. We included 373 participants (49% black, 42% men) aged 20-30 years. Mean arterial pressure was higher for blacks than whites (P < .001), but carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity was similar (6...
October 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Shuaishuai Li, Long Cheng, Dengkun An, Shuliang Song, Hao Liang, Fulong Chu, Aiguo Ji
AIM: Atherosclerosis is a kind of chronic inflammatory disease. A crucial pathology change of atherosclerosis is the migration of activated VSMCs to the intima where they interact with leukocytes by expressing adhesion molecules, including intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Moreover, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expressed by VSMCs plays an important role in recruiting monocytes and macrophages. Leech (Whitmania pigra Whitman) is a traditional Chinese medicine to treat cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis, however previous research has rarely reported the molecular mechanism for its curative effect...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Dan Ilkovitch, Laura K Ferris
Psoriasis is a debilitating chronic inflammatory disease. In addition to the characteristic effects on the skin, chronic inflammation associated with the disease is recognized to contribute to cardiovascular, hepatic and renal comorbidities. Immature myeloid regulatory cells, known as myeloid‑derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), have been demonstrated to accumulate in various diseases and chronic inflammatory states, including inflammatory bowel disease and various types of cancer. The results of the present study, obtained using flow cytometry and cell culture analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from psoriasis and healthy patients, revealed that MDSC levels are significantly increased in the blood of patients with psoriasis compared with healthy controls...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Hua Tian, Qingchao Liu, Shucun Qin, Chuanlong Zong, Ying Zhang, Shutong Yao, Nana Yang, Tao Guan, Shoudong Guo
Oxidative stress and inflammation play important roles in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Oxidative stress-induced desialylation is considered to be a primary step in atherogenic modification, and therefore, the attenuation of oxidative stress and/or inflammatory reactions may ameliorate CVD. In this study, quercetin 7-O-sialic acid (QA) was synthesized aiming to put together the cardiovascular protective effect of quercetin and the recently reported anti-oxidant and anti-atherosclerosis functions of N-acetylneuraminic acid...
January 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Kenneth A Earle, Karima Zitouni, John Pepe, Maria Karaflou, James Godbold
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the western world's leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Glucose-dependent, oxidative stress is linked to the development of renal inflammation and sclerosis, which, in animal models of diabetes, can be prevented by anti-oxidative treatment. Patients of non-Caucasian heritage have low activity of the selenoprotein, antioxidant enzyme, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and its co-factor vitamin E, which may be linked to their increased propensity to developing end-stage renal disease...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Rosa Casas, Emilio Sacanella, Mireia Urpí-Sardà, Dolores Corella, Olga Castañer, Rosa-María Lamuela-Raventos, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Miguel-Angel Martínez-González, Emilio Ros, Ramon Estruch
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has demonstrated short-term anti-inflammatory effects, but little is known about its long-term immunomodulatory properties. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to assess the long-term effects of the MedDiet on inflammatory markers related to atherogenesis in adults at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with the effects of a low-fat diet (LFD). METHODS: We randomly assigned 165 high-risk participants (one-half men; mean age: 66 y) without overt CVD to 1 of 3 diets: a MedDiet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil, a MedDiet supplemented with nuts, or an LFD...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Syed Douhath Yousuf, Fouzia Rashid, Tahira Mattoo, Chander Shekhar, Syed Mudassar, M Afzal Zargar, Mohd Ashraf Ganie
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrinopathy of women, is a state of chronic low-grade inflammation and is closely linked to type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), is the usual first choice of treatment in women with PCOS. Because OCP use has been linked to the risk of venous thrombosis and there are limited data on the effect of OCP use on the inflammatory state of women with PCOS, our objective was to compare the levels of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 between drug-naive and OCP-treated women with PCOS...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Robert Wolk, Marnie Bertolet, Prachi Singh, Maria M Brooks, Richard E Pratley, Robert L Frye, Arshag D Mooradian, Martin K Rutter, Andrew D Calvin, Bernard R Chaitman, Virend K Somers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiovascular (CV) prognostic value of adipokines in a large prospective cohort of patients participating in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The effects of the adipokine levels at baseline and change from baseline on the composite outcome (CV death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) were analyzed using unadjusted and fully adjusted Cox models in 2330 patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease who had participated in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes trial (from January 1, 2001, through December 1, 2008)...
July 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Á Aceña, A M Pello, R Carda, Ó Lorenzo, M L Gonzalez-Casaus, L M Blanco-Colio, J L Martín-Ventura, J Palfy, M Orejas, R Rábago, E Gonzalez-Parra, I Mahíllo-Fernández, J Farré, J Egido, J Tuñón
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities of mineral metabolism and inflammation may affect the cardiovascular system. We have assessed the relationship of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) with inflammation and mineral metabolism. METHODS: LVH was measured in 146 outpatients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) using echocardiography. Calcidiol (a vitamin D metabolite), parathyroid hormone (PTH), fibroblast growth factor-23, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, MCP-1 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1), galectin-3, NGAL (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin), and sTWEAK (soluble TNF-related weak inducer of apoptosis) plasma levels were studied...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Roberto Martín-Reyes, Juan Antonio Franco-Peláez, Óscar Lorenzo, María Luisa González-Casaus, Ana María Pello, Álvaro Aceña, Rocío Carda, José Luis Martín-Ventura, Luis Blanco-Colio, María Luisa Martín-Mariscal, Juan Martínez-Milla, Ricardo Villa-Bellosta, Antonio Piñero, Felipe Navarro, Jesús Egido, José Tuñón
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationship of the Syntax Score (SS) and coronary artery calcification (CAC), with plasma levels of biomarkers related to cardiovascular damage and mineral metabolism, as there is sparse information in this field. METHODS: We studied 270 patients with coronary disease that had an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) six months before. Calcidiol, fibroblast growth factor-23, parathormone, phosphate and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1], high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, galectin-3, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP] levels, among other biomarkers, were determined...
2016: PloS One
Xingxing Liu, Daxin Pang, Ting Yuan, Zhuang Li, Zhanjun Li, Mingjun Zhang, Wenzhi Ren, Hongsheng Ouyang, Xiaochun Tang
BACKGROUND: The consumption of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is important to human health, especially in cases of cardiovascular disease. Although beneficial effects of n-3 PUFAs have been observed in a number of studies, the mechanisms involved in these effects have yet to be discovered. METHODS: We generated hfat-1 transgenic pigs with traditional somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) technology. The fatty acid composition in ear tissue of pigs were detected with gas chromatography...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Hiroaki Sukegawa, Yuichiro Maekawa, Shinsuke Yuasa, Atsushi Anzai, Masaki Kodaira, Makoto Takei, Fumiya Sano, Ikuko Ueda, Takashi Kawakami, Kentaro Hayashida, Takashi Kohno, Shun Kohsaka, Takayuki Abe, Keiichi Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Besides its potent plasma cholesterol-lowering activity, statin treatment has several other important effects, including lowering high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), levels, and stabilizing risk factors of atherosclerosis, thereby reducing the risk of cardiovascular events. Our aim in this study was to identify how intensive statin therapy can affect plasma levels of inflammatory markers over the long term. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used a prospective, randomized, open blinded-endpoint design...
August 2016: Coronary Artery Disease
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