keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

shapiro

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820703/assessment-of-u-s-pediatrician-knowledge-of-toxocariasis
#1
Dana M Woodhall, Amanda P Garcia, Craig A Shapiro, Shequenta L Wray, Andi L Shane, Chitra S Mani, Kelly K Stimpert, LeAnne M Fox, Susan P Montgomery
Toxocariasis, one of a group of parasitic diseases known as neglected parasitic infections, is a disease caused by the larvae of two species of Toxocara roundworms, Toxocara canis, from dogs, and less commonly Toxocara cati, from cats. Although most infected individuals are asymptomatic, clinical manifestations may include fever, fatigue, coughing, wheezing, or abdominal pain (visceral toxocariasis) or vision loss, retina damage, or eye inflammation (ocular toxocariasis). To assess U.S. pediatrician knowledge of toxocariasis, we conducted an electronic survey of American Academy of Pediatrics members...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819040/application-of-pcsk9-inhibitors-in-practice-challenges-and-opportunities
#2
Tina M Kaufman, P Barton Duell, Jonathan Q Purnell, Cezary Wójcik, Sergio Fazio, Michael D Shapiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818885/draft-genome-sequences-of-two-gammaproteobacterial-methanotrophs-isolated-from-rice-ecosystems
#3
Katharina Frindte, Marina G Kalyuzhnaya, Françoise Bringel, Peter F Dunfield, Mike S M Jetten, Valentina N Khmelenina, Martin G Klotz, J Colin Murrell, Huub J M Op den Camp, Yasuyoshi Sakai, Jeremy D Semrau, Nicole Shapiro, Alan A DiSpirito, Lisa Y Stein, Mette M Svenning, Yuri A Trotsenko, Stéphane Vuilleumier, Tanja Woyke, Claudia Knief
The genomes of the aerobic methanotrophs "Methyloterricola oryzae" strain 73a(T) and Methylomagnum ishizawai strain 175 were sequenced. Both strains were isolated from rice plants. Methyloterricola oryzae strain 73a(T) represents the first isolate of rice paddy cluster I, and strain 175 is the second representative of the recently described genus Methylomagnum.
August 17, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818539/playing-a-rigged-game-inequality-s-effect-on-physiological-stress-responses
#4
Martin S Shapiro, Rhanda Rylant, Amanda de Lima, Andrea Vidaurri, Herman van de Werfhorst
High income and wealth inequality corresponds with high rates of various health and social problems. One possible factor that could be contributing to this correlation is stress experienced by those being treated unfairly in an unequal society. The present experiment attempted to simulate aspects of income inequality in a lab setting while recording several measures of stress. Participants (n=96) were assigned to one of four groups and played a memory game against a confederate opponent to earn "money" to spend in a lab market...
August 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818189/hemodialysis-treatment-engenders-anxiety-and-emotional-distress%C3%A2
#5
Joel D Kopple, Bryan B Shapiro, Usama Feroze, Jun Chul Kim, Min Zhang, Yinan Li, David J Martin
AIMS: Anxiety is common in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. The extent to which anxiety is engendered by the dialysis treatment itself is not known. We investigated whether anxiety occurs with individual hemodialysis treatments and examined factors associated with these symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study examining 246 MHD patients. Anxiety and other emotional distresses associated with hemodialysis treatments were examined with a questionnaire...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815154/spin-trapping-a-review-for-the-study-of-obesity-related-oxidative-stress-and-na-k-atpase
#6
Athar Nawab, Alexandra Nichols, Rebecca Klug, Joseph I Shapiro, Komal Sodhi
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have gained attention with mounting evidence of their importance in cell signaling and various disease states. ROS is produced continuously as a natural by-product of normal oxygen metabolism. However, high levels ROS causes oxidative stress and damage to biomolecules. This results in loss of protein function, DNA cleavage, lipid peroxidation, or ultimately cell injury or death. Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic; studies show fat accumulation is associated with increased ROS and oxidative stress...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814625/variations-in-cause-of-death-determination-for-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths
#7
Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Sharyn E Parks, Jennifer Brustrom, Tom Andrew, Lena Camperlengo, John Fudenberg, Betsy Payn, Dale Rhoda
OBJECTIVES: To quantify and describe variation in cause-of-death certification of sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) among US medical examiners and coroners. METHODS: From January to November 2014, we conducted a nationally representative survey of US medical examiners and coroners who certify infant deaths. Two-stage unequal probability sampling with replacement was used. Medical examiners and coroners were asked to classify SUIDs based on hypothetical scenarios and to describe the evidence considered and investigative procedures used for cause-of-death determination...
June 5, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814249/the-neurological-sequelae-of-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia-definitions-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-the-kernicterus-spectrum-disorders-ksds
#8
Steven Shapiro, Jean Baptiste Le Pichon, Sean M Riordan, Jon Watchkoe
Despite its lengthy history the study of benign jaundice, hyperbilirubinemia and kernicterus suffers from a lack of clarity and consistency in the key terms used to describe both the clinical and pathophysiological nature of these conditions. This has led to multiple terms being used to describe similar conditions (i.e. kernicterus and chronic bilirubin encephalopathy) or the same term being used to describe different concepts (i.e. BIND as a descriptor of the signs of bilirubin neurotoxicity, mild kernicterus, or as a scale to assess bilirubin toxicity)...
August 14, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812466/florid-intussusceptive-like-microvascular-dysangiogenesis-in-a-preterm-lung
#9
Monique E De Paepe, Merline Kocheekkaran V Benny, Lauren Priolo, Francois I Luks, Svetlana Shapiro
The cellular mechanisms underlying the microvascular dysangiogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (chronic lung disease of the newborn) remain largely undetermined. We report unusual pulmonary vascular findings in a 27-week-gestation male newborn who died on the second day of life from intractable respiratory failure, following a pregnancy complicated by prolonged membrane rupture and persistent severe oligohydramnios. As expected, postmortem examination revealed pulmonary hypoplasia (lung/body weight ratio: 2...
September 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810870/vector-borne-and-zoonotic-diseases-of-dogs-in-north-west-new-south-wales-and-the-northern-territory-australia
#10
Amanda J Shapiro, Graeme Brown, Jacqueline M Norris, Katrina L Bosward, Debbie J Marriot, Nandhakumar Balakrishnan, Edward B Breitschwerdt, Richard Malik
BACKGROUND: Vector-borne diseases of dogs in Australian Aboriginal communities are relatively unexplored. These dogs represent a unique group with variable ecto- and endo-parasitic burdens, nutritional stresses and a general lack of veterinary intervention. We investigated haemoprotozoal and bacterial pathogen prevalences in relation to erythrocyte and platelet numbers in dogs from North-West New South Wales (N-W NSW) and the Northern Territory (NT; Central Australia). METHODS: Real-time PCR (qPCR) amplification of Anaplasma platys, Babesia vogeli, Mycoplasma haemocanis, Candidatus Mycoplasma haematoparvum and Bartonella spp...
August 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809115/an-intuitive-approach-for-predicting-potential-human-health-risk-with-the-tox21-10k-library
#11
Nisha S Sipes, John F Wambaugh, Robert Pearce, Scott S Auerbach, Barbara Anne Wetmore, Jui-Hua Hsieh, Andrew J Shapiro, Daniel Svoboda, Michael J DeVito, Stephen S Ferguson
In vitro-in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE) analyses translating high-throughput screening (HTS) data to human relevance have been limited. This study represents the first report applying IVIVE approaches and exposure comparisons using the entirety of the Tox21 federal collaboration chemical screening data, incorporating assay response efficacy and quality of concentration-response fits, and providing quantitative anchoring to first address the likelihood of human in vivo interactions with Tox21 compounds. This likelihood was assessed using a maximum blood concentration to in vitro response ratio approach (Cmax/AC50), analogous to decision-making methods for clinical drug-drug interactions...
August 15, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807752/vasectomy-practice-patterns-among-family-medicine-physicians-and-compliance-with-the-aua-2012-vasectomy-guidelines
#12
Daniel D Shapiro, Sandra A Kamnetz, Brian V Le
OBJECTIVE: To survey urologists and family medicine physicians within a single institution to determine current vasectomy practice patterns and determine compliance with 2012 American Urological Society (AUA) vasectomy guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2016, a single institution survey was conducted to understand the vasectomy practice patterns among urologists and non-urologists. The survey questions and 3 clinical scenarios were designed based on the 2012 AUA vasectomy guidelines...
August 11, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806724/one-star-rating-for-a-five-star-program-evaluating-hospital-compare
#13
J M Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: For healthcare systems of any size, it is important to minimize costs while maximizing outcomes. One idea of how to achieve these goals has been the reduction in hospital-related complications, including infection and surgical complications, among others. In the United States, policy makers recently adopted the 'Hospital Compare' program as a way to encourage consumers and improve hospitals. This article evaluates the effectiveness of this policy. STUDY DESIGN: This article uses an observed cohort study of most US hospitals across four different indices...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804922/study-of-cognitive-function-in-children-treated-with-propranolol-for-infantile-hemangioma
#14
Nieves González-Llorente, Isabel Del Olmo-Benito, Natalia Muñoz-Ollero, Miguel Angel Descalzo, Ignacio García-Doval, Antonio Torrelo
BACKGROUND: Oral propranolol is considered the first choice for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IHs). There is a concern that administering propranolol in newborns and infants could induce adverse effects in learning and memory processes in the long term. The purpose of this study was to assess cognitive and memory functions in children who had been treated with propranolol for IH during their infancy. METHODS: A total of 23 children between 5 and 7.5 years of age who had been treated with oral propranolol for IH during infancy were tested for cognitive functions with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Fourth Edition (WPPSI-IV) test and for memory functions with the Test of Memory and Learning (TOMAL)...
August 14, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804246/the-role-of-functional-social-and-mobility-dynamics-in-facilitating-older-african-americans-participation-in-clinical-research
#15
Eve T Shapiro, Jay T Schamel, Kimberly A Parker, Laura A Randall, Paula M Frew
PURPOSE: Older African Americans experience disproportionately higher incidence of morbidity and mortality related to chronic and infectious diseases, yet are significantly underrepresented in clinical research compared to other racial and ethnic groups. This study aimed to understand the extent to which social support, transportation access, and physical impediments function as barriers or facilitators to clinical trial recruitment of older African Americans. METHODS: Participants (N=221) were recruited from six African American churches in Atlanta and surveyed on various influences on clinical trial participation...
2017: Open Access Journal of Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802199/precarious-manhood-and-muscularity-effects-of-threatening-men-s-masculinity-on-reported-strength-and-muscle-dissatisfaction
#16
David A Frederick, Lily M Shapiro, Tonicia R Williams, Christiana M Seoane, Rachel T McIntosh, Emily W Fischer
The precarious manhood perspective proposes that men respond with aggression when they experience threats to their masculinity. Consistent with this view, we hypothesized that men would represent themselves as stronger and more formidable after their masculinity was threatened. A recent study, however, found that men reported less physical strength when threatened (Hunt, Gonsalkorale, & Murray, 2013). In the current two studies (Ns=193; 450), men were given false feedback about whether they were substantially less masculine (masculinity threatened) or more masculine than average (masculinity reassured)...
August 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801969/anesthetic-management-for-intestinal-transplantation-a-decade-of-experience
#17
Jeron Zerillo, Sang Kim, Bryan Hill, David Shapiro, Hung-Mo Lin, Alyssa Burnham, Jang Moon, Kishore Iyer, Samuel DeMaria
BACKGROUND: Intestinal transplantation (ITx) is the definitive therapy for patients suffering from intestinal failure. Previous published reports suggest that these cases should be managed peri-operatively with the same intensive monitors and techniques as in liver transplantation. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the anesthetic management of sixty-seven isolated intestinal, intestinal-pancreas and intestinal-kidney transplants over the previous decade (2005-2015) in our tertiary care institution...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800136/feathermoss-and-epiphytic-nostoc-cooperate-differently-expanding-the-spectrum-of-plant-cyanobacteria-symbiosis
#18
Denis Warshan, Josh L Espinoza, Rhona K Stuart, R Alexander Richter, Sea-Yong Kim, Nicole Shapiro, Tanja Woyke, Nikos C Kyrpides, Kerrie Barry, Vasanth Singan, Erika Lindquist, Charles Ansong, Samuel O Purvine, Heather M Brewer, Philip D Weyman, Christopher L Dupont, Ulla Rasmussen
Dinitrogen (N2)-fixation by cyanobacteria in symbiosis with feathermosses is the primary pathway of biological nitrogen (N) input into boreal forests. Despite its significance, little is known about the cyanobacterial gene repertoire and regulatory rewiring needed for the establishment and maintenance of the symbiosis. To determine gene acquisitions and regulatory changes allowing cyanobacteria to form and maintain this symbiosis, we compared genomically closely related symbiotic-competent and -incompetent Nostoc strains using a proteogenomics approach and an experimental set up allowing for controlled chemical and physical contact between partners...
August 11, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799899/the-gut-microbiota-food-science-and-human-nutrition-a-timely-marriage
#19
REVIEW
Michael J Barratt, Carlito Lebrilla, Howard-Yana Shapiro, Jeffrey I Gordon
Analytic advances are enabling more precise definitions of the molecular composition of key food staples incorporated into contemporary diets and how the nutrient landscapes of these staples vary as a function of cultivar and food processing methods. This knowledge, combined with insights about the interrelationship between consumer microbiota configurations and biotransformation of food ingredients, should have a number of effects on agriculture, food production, and strategies for improving the nutritional value of foods and health status...
August 9, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798721/the-parkinson-care-advocate-integrating-care-delivery
#20
Leonard L Sokol, Debbie Shapiro, Michael J Young, Adina H Wise, Uri P Hadelsberg, Yakir Kaufman, Alberto J Espay, Aristide Merola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
keyword
keyword
57022
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"