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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327174/randomised-controlled-feasibility-study-of-a-school-based-multi-level-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-decrease-sedentary-behaviour-among-vocational-school-students
#1
Nelli Hankonen, Matti T J Heino, Sini-Tuuli Hynynen, Hanna Laine, Vera Araújo-Soares, Falko F Sniehotta, Tommi Vasankari, Reijo Sund, Ari Haukkala
BACKGROUND: No school-based physical activity (PA) interventions among older adolescents have demonstrated long-term effectiveness, and few of them so far have addressed sedentary behaviour (SB). Based on behavioural theories and evidence, we designed a multi-level intervention to increase PA and decrease SB among vocational school students. This study investigates feasibility and acceptability of two main intervention components and research procedures. We also examine uptake of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) by the participants...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326536/risk-factors-for-obesity-in-preschool-aged-children-in-china
#2
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jill Howie Esquivel, Jia Guo, Catherine A Chesla, Siyuan Tang
AIMS: To examine the relationship between child, mother, and environmental factors and increased body mass index in preschool-aged children in China. BACKGROUND: There are about 120 million children in China are classified as overweight or obese. Understanding the key factors associated with childhood obesity (i.e. child, mother and environment) is the first step in combating the growing obesity epidemic in China, as well as in the global community, where large numbers of Chinese immigrants can be found...
March 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321132/the-outcomes-of-health-promoting-communities-being-active-eating-well-initiative-a-community-based-obesity-prevention-intervention-in-victoria-australia
#3
K A Bolton, P Kremer, L Gibbs, E Waters, B Swinburn, A de Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the Health Promoting Communities: Being Active Eating Well (HPC:BAEW, 2007-2010) initiative which comprised of community-based multi-component interventions adapted to community context in five separate communities. The intervention aimed to promote healthy eating, physical activity and stronger, healthier communities. METHODS: A mixed method and multi-level quasi-experimental evaluation of the HPC:BAEW initiative captured process, impact and outcome data...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320071/adherence-to-national-exercise-guidelines-by-patients-attending-emergency-departments-a-multi-site-survey
#4
Paul Berlingeri, Neil Cunningham, David McD Taylor, Jonathan Knott, Daniel McLean, Rex Gavan, Luke Plant, Hayley Chen, Tracey Weiland
OBJECTIVE: The proportion of adults in Australia meeting or exceeding the national guidelines for physical activity has remained relatively static over the past 10 years. The research objective was to measure self-reported physical activity and sedentary behaviour among ED patients in accordance with Australia's current physical activity and sedentary behaviour guidelines, revised in 2014. METHODS: A convenience sample of participants was recruited from three EDs in Melbourne between February and May 2016...
March 20, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319786/lower-cardiorespiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-more-time-spent-sedentary-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-pilot-study
#5
Davy Vancampfort, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys, Ruud van Winkel, Joseph Firth, Tine Van Damme, Michel Probst
Patients with a psychotic disorder show lower cardiorespiratory fitness and higher mortality rates compared to healthy individuals. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether in patients with first-episode psychosis a low cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with decreased physical activity and increased sedentary levels. Twenty-nine outpatients (21 men; 22.8±5.1 years) performed a maximal exercise test to assess their maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max), wore a Senswear armband for five consecutive days and were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale...
March 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319588/physical-activity-and-global-self-worth-in-a-longitudinal-study-of-children
#6
Hudson Reddon, David Meyre, John Cairney
PURPOSE: Physical activity is associated with an array of physical and mental health benefits among children and adolescents. The development of self-worth/self-esteem has been proposed as a mechanism to explain the mental health benefits derived from physical activity. Despite several studies that have analyzed the association between physical activity and self-worth, the results have been inconsistent. It is also uncertain how related physical health measures, such as sedentary behaviour, body composition and fitness influence the relationship between physical activity and self-worth over time...
March 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298219/sedentary-behaviours-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#7
Caterina Fazzi, David H Saunders, Kathryn Linton, Jane E Norman, Rebecca M Reynolds
BACKGROUND: In the general population, at least 50% of time awake is spent in sedentary behaviours. Sedentary behaviours are activities that expend less energy than 1.5 metabolic equivalents, such as sitting. The amount of time spent in sedentary behaviours is a risk factor for diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and death from all causes. Even individuals meeting physical activity guidelines are at a higher risk of premature death and adverse metabolic outcomes if they sit for extended intervals...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296057/associations-of-maternal-stress-with-children-s-weight-related-behaviours-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
S G O'Connor, J P Maher, B R Belcher, A M Leventhal, G Margolin, E T Shonkoff, G F Dunton
Low adherence to guidelines for weight-related behaviours (e.g. dietary intake and physical activity) among US children underscores the need to better understand how parental factors may influence children's obesity risk. In addition to most often acting as primary caregiver to their children, women are also known to experience greater levels of stress than men. This study systematically reviewed associations between maternal stress and children's weight-related behaviours. Our search returned 14 eligible articles, representing 25 unique associations of maternal stress with a distinct child weight-related behaviour (i...
March 9, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293017/longitudinal-study-of-the-associations-between-change-in-sedentary-behavior-and-change-in-adiposity-during-childhood-and-adolescence-gateshead-millennium-study
#9
K D Mann, L D Howe, L Basterfield, K N Parkinson, M S Pearce, J K Reilly, A J Adamson, J J Reilly, X Janssen
BACKGROUND: Sedentary time (ST) has been reported to have a range of negative health effects in adults, however, the evidence for such effects among children and adolescents is sparse. The primary aim of the study was to examine associations between changes in sedentary behavior (time and fragmentation) and changes in adiposity across childhood and adolescence. METHODS: Participants were recruited as part of the Gateshead Millennium Study. Measures were taken at age 7y (n=502), 9y (n=506), 12y (n=420) and 15y (n=306)...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292282/metabolic-risk-management-physical-exercise-and-lifestyle-counselling-in-low-active-adults-controlled-randomized-trial-bellugat
#10
Assumpta Ensenyat, Gemma Espigares-Tribo, Leonardo Machado, Francisco José Verdejo, Rosa Rodriguez-Arregui, José Serrano, Marta Miret, Gisela Galindo, Alfonso Blanco, Josep-Ramon Marsal, Susana Sarriegui, Xenia Sinfreu-Bergues, Noemi Serra-Paya
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of different doses (intensity) of supervised exercise training - concomitant with lifestyle counselling - as a primary care intervention tool for the management of metabolic syndrome risk factors in low-active adults with one or more such factors (programme name in Catalan: Bellugat de CAP a peus). METHODS/DESIGN: Three-arm, randomized controlled clinical trial implemented in the primary care setting, with a duration of 40 weeks (16 weeks intervention and 24-week follow-up)...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290767/sedentary-behaviour-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is independently associated with an increased risk of poor mental health, developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature mortality. Despite the knowledge that CVD is one of the leading causes of non-AIDS related premature mortality in people living with HIV (PLWH), relatively little attention has been attributed to sedentary behaviour in this population. The aims of this meta-analysis were to: (a) establish the pooled mean time spent sedentary, (b) investigate predictors of sedentary levels, and (c) explore differences with age- and gender matched healthy controls...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287869/combined-associations-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-depressive-symptoms-in-older-adults
#12
Douglas A T Santos, Jair S Virtuoso, Joilson Meneguci, Jeffer E Sasaki, Sheilla Tribess
The aim of this study was to analyze the association of combined physical activity (PA)/sedentary behaviour (SB) with depressive symptoms (DS) in older adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 622 individuals ≥ 60 years old. After adjusting for gender, years of study, and monthly household income, prevalence ratios for presence of DS were statistically significant for older adults with <150 min/week in PA and ≥75th percentile of SB on weekdays (PR = 2.11,95%CI: 1.54-2.90) and on weekends (PR = 2...
March 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284794/natural-aversive-learning-in-tetramorium-ants-reveals-ability-to-form-a-generalizable-memory-of-predators-pit-traps
#13
Karen L Hollis, Kelsey McNew, Talisa Sosa, Felicia A Harrsch, Elise Nowbahari
Many species of ants fall prey to pit-digging larval antlions (Myrmeleon spp.), extremely sedentary predators that wait, nearly motionless at the bottom of their pit traps, for prey to stumble inside. Previous research, both in the field and laboratory, has demonstrated a remarkable ability of these ants to rescue trapped nestmates, thus sabotaging antlions' attempts to capture them. Here we show that pavement ants, Tetramorium sp. E, an invasive species and a major threat to biodiversity, possess yet another, more effective, antipredator strategy, namely the ability to learn to avoid antlion traps following a single successful escape from a pit...
March 8, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276910/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-socioeconomic-status-among-finnish-girls-and-boys-aged-6-8-years
#14
Eeva-Kaarina Lampinen, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Eero A Haapala, Virpi Lindi, Juuso Väistö, Niina Lintu, Panu Karjalainen, Katriina Kukkonen-Harjula, David Laaksonen, Timo A Lakka
We studied differences in physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB), and the types of PA and SB between Finnish girls and boys and children from different socioeconomic backgrounds (SES). We assessed PA, SB, parental education, and household income using detailed questionnaires in a representative population sample of 486 children (238 girls, 248 boys) aged 6-8 years. Girls spent on average 1.7 h/day and boys 2.0 h/day in total PA (p = 0.002). Altogether 66% of girls and 54% of boys had less than 2 h of total PA per day (p = 0...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276612/a-gut-reaction-the-combined-influence-of-exercise-and-diet-on-gastrointestinal-microbiota-in-rats
#15
Romeo Batacan, Andrew Fenning, Vincent J Dalbo, Aaron T Scanlan, Mitch J Duncan, Robert J Moore, Dragana Stanley
AIMS: Intestinal microbiota modulates the development of clinical conditions, including metabolic syndrome and obesity. Many of these conditions are influenced by nutritional and exercise behaviours. This study aimed to investigate the ability of exercise to re-shape the intestinal microbiota and the influence of the diet on the process. METHODS AND RESULTS: A rat model was used to examine the intestinal microbiota responses to four activity conditions, including: high intensity interval training, light intensity training, sedentary and normal control, each containing two nutritional conditions: high-fat high-fructose diet (HF) and standard chow (SC) diet...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273680/the-effectiveness-and-promising-strategies-of-obesity-prevention-and-treatment-programmes-among-adolescents-from-disadvantaged-backgrounds-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
D A Kornet-van der Aa, T M Altenburg, C H van Randeraad-van der Zee, M J M Chinapaw
This review aimed to summarize the evidence on the effectiveness of obesity prevention and treatment programmes for adolescents from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds. A secondary aim was to identify potential successful intervention strategies for this target group. PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library were searched from January 2000 up to February 2016. Intervention studies targeting adolescents from disadvantaged backgrounds were included, with body mass index as outcome. Secondary outcomes were other adiposity measures, physical activity, diet, sedentary behaviour and screen time...
March 8, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271622/a-population-based-study-of-changes-in-arthritis-prevalence-and-arthritis-risk-factors-over-time-generational-differences-and-the-role-of-obesity
#17
Elizabeth M Badley, Mayilee Canizares, Anthony V Perruccio
OBJECTIVES: To investigate cohort effects in arthritis prevalence across four birth cohorts: World War II (born: 1935-1944), older and younger baby boomers (born: 1945-1954 and 1955-1964), and Generation X (born: 1965-1974) and to determine whether birth cohort effects in arthritis prevalence were associated with differences in risk factors over time or period effects. METHODS: Analysis of biannually collected data from the Canadian longitudinal National Population Health Survey 1994-2011 (n= 8817 at baseline)...
March 8, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264684/intervening-to-reduce-workplace-sitting-mediating-role-of-social-cognitive-constructs-during-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Nyssa T Hadgraft, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Genevieve N Healy, Brigid M Lynch, Maike Neuhaus, Elizabeth G Eakin, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen, Brianna S Fjeldsoe
BACKGROUND: The Stand Up Victoria multi-component intervention successfully reduced workplace sitting time in both the short (three months) and long (12 months) term. To further understand how this intervention worked, we aimed to assess the impact of the intervention on four social-cognitive constructs, and examined whether these constructs mediated intervention effects on workplace sitting time at 3 and 12 months post-baseline. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty one office-based workers (14 worksites, single government employer) were randomised to intervention or control conditions by worksite...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253904/a-mobile-technology-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-in-2-to-4-year-old-children-mini-movers-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Katherine L Downing, Jo Salmon, Trina Hinkley, Jill A Hnatiuk, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour (e.g. television viewing, sitting time) tracks over time and is associated with adverse health and developmental outcomes across the lifespan. Young children (5 years or younger) spend up to 12 h/day sedentary, of which around 2 h is spent in screen time (e.g. watching television). Interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour in early childhood report mixed results and many have limited potential for scalability. Mobile phones offer a wide-reaching, low-cost avenue for the delivery of health behaviour programmes to parents but their potential to reduce young children's sedentary behaviour has not been widely tested...
March 3, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252375/policy-at-play-the-implementation-of-healthy-eating-and-active-living-guidelines-in-municipal-child-care-settings
#20
Kelly McKay, Sherry Nigro
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Ottawa Public Health (OPH) partnered with the City of Ottawa Municipal Child Care (MCC) Services to develop Healthy Eating and Active Living (HEAL) Guidelines. SETTING: The Guidelines aim to promote consistent standards of practice in child care settings related to healthy environments and food, physical activity, physical literacy, decreased sedentary behaviours, and positive role modeling by staff. The Guidelines targeted 498 children aged 18 months to 5 years, attending MCC centres...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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