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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334992/the-efficacy-of-a-multimodal-physical-activity-intervention-with-supervised-exercises-health-coaching-and-an-activity-monitor-on-physical-activity-levels-of-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-physical-activity-for-back-pain-payback-trial-study
#1
Crystian B Oliveira, Márcia R Franco, Chris G Maher, Anne Tiedemann, Fernanda G Silva, Tatiana M Damato, Michael K Nicholas, Diego G D Christofaro, Rafael Z Pinto
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays an important role in the management of chronic low back pain (LBP). Engaging in an active lifestyle is associated with a better prognosis. Nevertheless, there is evidence to suggest that patients with chronic LBP are less likely to meet recommended physical activity levels. Furthermore, while exercise therapy has been endorsed by recent clinical practice guidelines, evidence from systematic reviews suggests that its effect on pain and disability are at best moderate and not sustained over time...
January 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331992/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-reducing-non-occupational-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-and-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Nipun Shrestha, Jozo Grgic, Glen Wiesner, Alexandra Parker, Hrvoje Podnar, Jason A Bennie, Stuart J H Biddle, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: No systematic reviews of the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour are available. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour in adults and older adults. METHODS: An electronic search of nine databases was performed. Randomised controlled trials (RCT) and cluster RCTs among adults testing the effectiveness of interventions aimed to reduce non-occupational sedentary behaviour were considered for inclusion...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330230/reducing-sedentary-behaviour-to-decrease-chronic-low-back-pain-the-stand-back-randomised-trial
#3
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Andrea L Hergenroeder, Sophy J Perdomo, Robert J Kowalsky, Anthony Delitto, John M Jakicic
OBJECTIVE: The Stand Back study evaluated the feasibility and effects of a multicomponent intervention targeting reduced prolonged sitting and pain self-management in desk workers with chronic low back pain (LBP). METHODS: This randomised controlled trial recruited 27 individuals with chronic LBP, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) >10% and desk jobs (sitting ≥20 hours/week). Participants were randomised within strata of ODI (>10%-<20%, ≥20%) to receive bimonthly behavioural counselling (in-person and telephone), a sit-stand desk attachment, a wrist-worn activity-prompting device and cognitive behavioural therapy for LBP self-management or control...
January 12, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#4
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320919/does-school-physical-education-really-contribute-to-accelerometer-measured-daily-physical-activity-and-non-sedentary-behaviour-in-high-school-students
#5
Daniel Mayorga-Vega, Alejandro Martínez-Baena, Jesús Viciana
Physical education has been highlighted as an important environment for physical activity promotion, however, to our knowledge there are no previous studies examining the contribution of physical education to daily accelerometer-measured physical activity and non sedentary behaviour. The purpose was to compare the accelerometer-measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour between physical education, non-physical education and weekend days in adolescents. Of the 394 students from a Spanish high school that were invited to participate, 158 students (83 boys and 75 girls) aged 13-16 years were analyzed (wear time ≥ 600 min)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317000/associations-between-sedentary-behaviours-and-dietary-intakes-among-adolescents
#6
Elly A Fletcher, Sarah A McNaughton, David Crawford, Verity Cleland, Jacqueline Della Gatta, Jennifer Hatt, James Dollman, Anna Timperio
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to examine associations of individual and aggregated screen-based behaviours, and total sitting time, with healthy and unhealthy dietary intakes among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of adolescents. Participants self-reported durations of television viewing, computer use, playing electronic games (e-games), total sitting time, daily servings of fruits and vegetables, and frequency of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), diet beverages, fast foods and discretionary snacks...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316612/association-between-diet-quality-scores-adiposity-total-cholesterol-and-markers-of-nutritional-status-in-european-adults-findings-from-the-food4me-study
#7
Rosalind Fallaize, Katherine M Livingstone, Carlos Celis-Morales, Anna L Macready, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Cyril F M Marsaux, Clare B O'Donovan, Silvia Kolossa, George Moschonis, Marianne C Walsh, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Jildau Bouwman, Yannis Manios, Miroslaw Jarosz, J Alfredo Martinez, Hannelore Daniel, Wim H M Saris, Thomas E Gundersen, Christian A Drevon, Michael J Gibney, John C Mathers, Julie A Lovegrove
Diet-quality scores (DQS), which are developed across the globe, are used to define adherence to specific eating patterns and have been associated with risk of coronary heart disease and type-II diabetes. We explored the association between five diet-quality scores (Healthy Eating Index, HEI; Alternate Healthy Eating Index, AHEI; MedDietScore, MDS; PREDIMED Mediterranean Diet Score, P-MDS; Dutch Healthy Diet-Index, DHDI) and markers of metabolic health (anthropometry, objective physical activity levels (PAL), and dried blood spot total cholesterol (TC), total carotenoids, and omega-3 index) in the Food4Me cohort, using regression analysis...
January 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309529/current-issues-in-the-impacts-of-transport-on-health
#8
M C I van Schalkwyk, J S Mindell
Introduction or background: Transport affects health in many ways. Benefits include access to education, employment, goods, services and leisure, and opportunities for incorporating physical activity into daily living. There are major inequalities: benefits generally accrue to wealthier people and harms to the more deprived, nationally and globally. Sources of data: Health on the Move 2; Journal of Transport and Health. Areas of agreement: Benefits of travel for access and physical activity...
January 4, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288715/inflammation-and-neutrophil-immunosenescence-in-health-and-disease-targeted-treatments-to-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-the-elderly
#9
REVIEW
William Drew, Daisy V Wilson, Elizabeth Sapey
Despite increasing longevity, many old people are not in good health. There has been an increase in the prevalence of age-associated multi-morbidity (two or more chronic conditions in the same person). Also, severe infections, such as pneumonia, remain significant causes of mortality and morbidity in this aging group. Many chronic health conditions share risk factors such as increasing age, smoking, a sedentary life style and being part of a lower socioeconomic group. However, despite this, multi-morbidities often co-occur more commonly than would be predicted...
December 27, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282037/a-novel-integrative-procedure-for-identifying-and-integrating-three-dimensions-of-objectively-measured-free-living-sedentary-behaviour
#10
Anna Myers, Catherine Gibbons, Edward Butler, Michelle Dalton, Nicola Buckland, John Blundell, Graham Finlayson
BACKGROUND: The widely accepted definition of sedentary behaviour [SB] refers to any waking behaviour characterized by an energy expenditure ≤1.5 metabolic equivalents [METs] while in a sitting or reclining posture. At present, there is no single field-based device which objectively measures sleep, posture and activity intensity simultaneously. The aim of this study was to develop a novel integrative procedure [INT] to combine information from two validated activity monitors on sleep, activity intensity and posture, the three key dimensions of SB...
December 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281683/patterns-of-objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-are-nigerian-health-professional-students-complying-with-public-health-guidelines
#11
Adewale L Oyeyemi, Suleiman Muhammed, Adetoyeje Y Oyeyemi, Babatunde O A Adegoke
BACKGROUND: Understanding patterns of physical activity and sedentary time is important to effective population-wide primary prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. This study examined the patterns of objectively assessed physical activity and sedentary time, and the prevalence of compliance with physical activity guidelines according to different public health recommendations in a sub-population of health professional students in Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 102 health professional students (age = 19-34 years old, 43...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277939/parallel-adaptations-and-common-host-cell-responses-enabling-feeding-of-obligate-and-facultative-plant-parasitic-nematodes
#12
Geert Smant, Johannes Helder, Aska Goverse
Parallel adaptations enabling the use of plant cells as the primary food source have occurred multiple times in distinct nematode clades. The hallmark of all extant obligate and facultative plant feeding nematodes is the presence of an oral stylet, which is required for penetration of plant cell walls, delivery of pharyngeal gland secretions into host cells, and selective uptake of plant assimilates. Plant parasites from different clades, and even within a single clade, display a large diversity in feeding behaviours ranging from short feeding cycles on single cells to prolonged feeding on highly sophisticated host cell complexes...
December 26, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276853/are-habitual-runners-physically-inactive
#13
Timo Rantalainen, Arto J Pesola, Matthew Quittner, Nicola D Ridgers, Daniel L Belavy
The World Health Organisation's (WHO) physical activity guidelines recommend 150min/week of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) accumulated in 10 min bouts. To see whether people performing habitual exercise for recreation meet these guidelines, 25 long-distance runners [mean 67 km/wk], 25 joggers [mean 28 km/wk], and 20 sedentary adults wore an ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer for 7 days. Sedentary time and bouts were similar in runners and sedentary adults (p > 0.46). Sedentary adults performed 20 ± 16 min/day of MVPA (usual bout duration (W50%): 9...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273035/describing-objectively-measured-physical-activity-levels-patterns-and-correlates-in-a-cross-sectional-sample-of-infants-and-toddlers-from-south-africa
#14
Alessandra Prioreschi, Soren Brage, Kylie D Hesketh, Jill Hnatiuk, Kate Westgate, Lisa K Micklesfield
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is considered to have health benefits across the lifespan but levels, patterns, and correlates have not been well described in infants and toddlers under the age of two years. METHODS: This study aimed to describe objectively and subjectively measured physical activity in a group of South African infants aged 3- to 24-months (n = 140), and to investigate individual and maternal correlates of physical activity in this sample. Infants' physical activity was measured using an Axivity AX3 wrist-worn accelerometer for one week and the mean vector magnitude was calculated...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250468/measurement-of-sedentary-behaviour-in-population-health-surveys-a-review-and-recommendations
#15
Stephanie A Prince, Allana G LeBlanc, Rachel C Colley, Travis J Saunders
Background: The purpose of this review was to determine the most valid and reliable questions for targeting key modes of sedentary behaviour (SB) in a broad range of national and international health surveillance surveys. This was done by reviewing the SB modules currently used in population health surveys, as well as examining SB questionnaires that have performed well in psychometric testing. Methods: Health surveillance surveys were identified via scoping review and contact with experts in the field...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242527/correlates-of-overall-and-central-obesity-in-adults-from-seven-european-countries-findings-from-the-food4me-study
#16
Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Alexander Affleck, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, J Alfredo Martinez, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Eileen R Gibney, Marianne C Walsh, Lorraine Brennan, Mike Gibney, George Moschonis, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Christina Mavrogianni, Yannis Manios, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Julie A Lovegrove, Silvia Kolossa, Hannelore Daniel, Iwona Traczyk, Christian A Drevon, John C Mathers
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of obesity in adults and investigate to what extent these predictors are independent of other major confounding factors. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data collected at baseline from 1441 participants from the Food4Me study conducted in seven European countries were included in this study. A food frequency questionnaire was used to measure dietary intake. Accelerometers were used to assess physical activity levels (PA), whereas participants self-reported their body weight, height and waist circumference via the internet...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241637/-health-and-determinants-of-health-in-second-generations-of-international-immigrants-social-inequalities-in-health-since-childhood
#17
Yolanda González-Rábago, Unai Martín
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the social inequalities in health between children and youth population of an immigrant origin from low-income countries and those of native origin in the Basque Country. METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive study using data from the Basque Country Health Survey 2013. Variables of health, behaviours and life conditions were used as the outcome variables. Prevalence ratios were calculated using robust Poisson models. RESULTS: The children with immigrant parents had poorer self-rated health, a higher prevalence of obesity, spent more hours in sedentary activities and lived in households with greater economic difficulties...
December 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235967/effect-of-alternating-postures-on-cognitive-performance-for-healthy-people-performing-sedentary-work
#18
Bernhard Schwartz, Jay M Kapellusch, Andreas Schrempf, Kathrin Probst, Michael Haller, Arnold Baca
Prolonged sitting is a risk factor for several diseases and the prevalence of worksite-based interventions such as sit-to-stand workstations is increasing. Although their impact on sedentary behaviour has been regularly investigated, the effect of working in alternating body postures on cognitive performance is unclear. To address this uncertainty, forty-five students participated in a two-arm, randomized controlled cross-over trial under laboratory conditions. Subjects executed validated cognitive tests (working speed, reaction time, concentration performance) either in sitting or alternating working postures on two separate days (ClinicalTrials...
December 13, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233173/the-importance-of-health-behaviours-in-childhood-for-the-development-of-internalizing-disorders-during-adolescence
#19
Xiu Yun Wu, Sara F L Kirk, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health constitutes a considerable global public health burden with approximately half of all cases of poor mental health having their onset before the age of 14 years. The identification of modifiable risk factors early in life is therefore essential to prevention, however, there are presently very few longitudinal studies on health behaviours for mental health to inform public health decision makers and to justify preventive action. We examined the importance of diet quality, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours in childhood for internalizing disorder throughout adolescence...
December 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226798/long-term-effects-of-a-swedish-lifestyle-intervention-programme-on-lifestyle-habits-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-increased-cardiovascular-risk
#20
Matthias Lidin, Elin Ekblom-Bak, Monica Rydell Karlsson, Mai-Lis Hellénius
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a structured intervention programme on lifestyle habits and quality of life after six months and one year in participants with increased cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Participants aged ≥18 years with increased cardiovascular risk were referred from primary health care and hospitals. The programme was launched at an outpatient clinic in a department of cardiology at a university hospital. It consisted of individual visits to a nurse for a health check-up and lifestyle counselling at baseline, after six months and at one year...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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