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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211834/is-active-design-changing-the-workplace-a-natural-pre-post-experiment-looking-at-health-behaviour-and-workplace-perceptions
#1
Lina Engelen, Josephine Chau, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Sarah Young, Dominique Hespe, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Active Design is a relatively new concept and evaluation on its effects on healthy behaviour is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Active Design influence on workplace physical activity, sedentary behaviour, musculoskeletal complaints, and perceptions of the workplace and productivity. METHODS: Participants (n = 118 adults) moving from 14 workplaces into a new building completed an online questionnaire pre- and post-move. The questions related to health behaviours (physical activity, sitting time and sleep); musculoskeletal issues; perceptions of the office environment; productivity; and engagement...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#2
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197722/reallocating-time-to-sleep-sedentary-and-active-behaviours-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-survivors-associations-with-patient-reported-outcomes
#3
Jeff K Vallance, Matthew P Buman, Brigid M Lynch, Terry Boyle
The purpose of this study was to examine potential effects of reallocating time between sleep, sedentary and active behaviours on fatigue symptoms and quality of life in a sample of non-Hodgkin lymphoma survivors. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma survivors identified from the Western Australian Cancer Registry (N = 149) (response rate = 36%; median age = 64 years) wore an Actigraph® GT3X+ accelerometer for 7 days and completed the Fatigue Scale, the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197674/role-of-vision-in-sighted-and-blind-soccer-players-in-adapting-to-an-unstable-balance-task
#4
María Campayo-Piernas, Carla Caballero, David Barbado, Raúl Reina
This study tested whether a compensatory hypothesis exists on postural control during standing unstable balance tasks comparing blind soccer players (n = 7) to sighted soccer players (n = 15) and sighted sedentary individuals (n = 6). All subjects performed a pre-test, a training of ten practice trials on a single day, and a post-test balance test. All tests were performed on an unstable surface placed on a force platform and under closed-eyes conditions, and a final test was performed with open eyes...
February 14, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187693/parents-experiences-of-participation-in-physical-activities-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protecting-and-pushing-towards-independence
#5
Katarina Lauruschkus, Eva Nordmark, Inger Hallström
PURPOSE: To explore how parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience their child's participation in physical activities and to identify facilitators and barriers for being physically active and reducing sedentary behaviour. METHODS: Twenty-five parents of sixteen children, aged 8-11 years old with CP, with varying gross motor, cognitive and communicative functions and with different cultural backgrounds, participated in focus group or individual interviews...
April 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186937/is-prolonged-sitting-at-work-associated-with-the-time-course-of-neck-shoulder-pain-a-prospective-study-in-danish-blue-collar-workers
#6
David M Hallman, Nidhi Gupta, Marina Heiden, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Mette Korshøj, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the extent to which objectively measured sitting time at work is associated with the course of neck-shoulder pain across 1 year in blue-collar workers. METHODS: Data were analysed from 625 blue-collar workers in the Danish PHysical ACTivity cohort with Objective measurements (DPHACTO) cohort study (2012-2013). Objective data on sitting time were collected at baseline using accelerometry. Self-reported pain intensity (numeric rating scale 0-10) in the neck-shoulder region was registered for 1 year using repeated text messages (14 in total)...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186927/patterns-of-health-related-behaviours-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-national-survey-of-school-health-brazil-2012
#7
Catarina Machado Azeredo, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Ricardo Araya
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse the clustering of multiple health-related behaviours among adolescents and describe which socio-demographic characteristics are associated with these patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Brazilian schools assessed by the National Survey of School Health (PeNSE, 2012). PARTICIPANTS: 104 109 Brazilian ninth-grade students from public and private schools (response rate=82...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185806/the-effect-of-acute-and-chronic-exercise-on-cognitive-function-and-academic-performance-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Joanna W Li, Helen O'Connor, Nicholas O'Dwyer, Rhonda Orr
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether exercise, proposed to enhance neuroplasticity and potentially cognitive function (CF) and academic performance (AP), may be beneficial during adolescence when important developmental changes occur. DESIGN: Systematic review evaluating the impact of acute or chronic exercise on CF and AP in adolescents (13-18 years). METHODS: Nine databases (AMED, AusportMed, CINAHL, COCHRANE, Embase, Medline, Scopus, SPORTdiscus, Web of Science) were searched from earliest records to 31st October 2016, using keywords related to exercise, CF, AP and adolescents...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178972/association-of-socioeconomic-school-related-and-family-factors-and-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-among-adolescents-multilevel-analysis-of-the-pralimap-trial-inclusion-data
#9
Johanne Langlois, Abdou Y Omorou, Anne Vuillemin, Serge Briançon, Edith Lecomte
BACKGROUND: Social differences among adolescents in physical activity and sedentary behaviour have been identified but are not well explained. The current study aimed to identify socioeconomic, family and school-related associated factors with physical activity and sedentary behaviour among high-school adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of T0 physical activity and sedentary behaviour of 2523 students 14 - 18 years old recruited for the PRALIMAP trial from 24 French state-run high schools...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173782/healthesteps%C3%A2-study-protocol-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-promoting-active-living-and-healthy-lifestyles-in-at-risk-canadian-adults-delivered-in-primary-care-and-community-based-clinics
#10
Dawn P Gill, Wendy Blunt, Cassandra Bartol, Roseanne W Pulford, Ashleigh De Cruz, P Karen Simmavong, Adam Gavarkovs, Ian Newhouse, Erin Pearson, Bayley Ostenfeldt, Barbi Law, Kristina Karvinen, Pertice Moffit, Gareth Jones, Cori Watson, Guangyong Zou, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is one of the leading causes of chronic disease in Canadian adults. With less than 50% of Canadian adults reaching the recommended amount of daily physical activity, there is an urgent need for effective programs targeting this risk factor. HealtheSteps™ is a healthy lifestyle prescription program, developed from an extensive research base to address risk factors for chronic disease such as physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and poor eating habits...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169573/are-south-african-mothers-moving-patterns-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-pregnant-black-south-african-women
#11
Estelle D Watson, Mireille N M Van Poppel, Rachel A Jones, Shane A Norris, Lisa K Micklesfield
BACKGROUND: Although physical activity during pregnancy may be beneficial, the prenatal period is a vulnerable time for decreasing physical activity levels and increasing sedentary time. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study measured physical activity using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) in singleton, pregnant women in the second (14-18 wk gestation; n=332) and third trimester (29-33 wk; n=256). RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in total MVPA (MET mins/wk) between the second and third trimester (p=0...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169562/does-preschool-physical-activity-and-electronic-media-use-predict-later-social-and-emotional-skills-at-6-8-years-a-cohort-study
#12
Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Kylie Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the associations of preschoolers' health behaviours with their later psychosocial wellbeing. This study investigates the association of 3-5 year-old children's physical activity and electronic media use with their later social-emotional skills (6-8 years). METHODS: Data were collected in 2008/9 and 2011/12 for the Healthy Active Preschool and Primary Years (HAPPY) Study in metropolitan Melbourne. Participants were a random sub-sample (n=108) of the 567 children at follow-up...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166892/a-qualitative-review-of-existing-national-and-international-occupational-safety-and-health-policies-relating-to-occupational-sedentary-behaviour
#13
REVIEW
Pieter Coenen, Nicholas Gilson, Genevieve N Healy, David W Dunstan, Leon M Straker
Prolonged sedentary time is now recognised as an emergent ergonomics issue. We aimed to review current occupational safety and health policies relevant to occupational sedentary behaviour. An electronic search for documents was conducted on websites of ergonomics and occupational safety and health organisations from 10 countries and six international/pan-European agencies. Additionally, 43 informants (nine countries) were contacted and an international conference workshop held. 119 documents (e.g. legislation, guidelines, codes of practice) were identified...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164454/nutrition-movement-and-sleep-behaviours-their-interactions-in-pathways-to-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-diseases
#14
A G Dulloo, J L Miles-Chan, J-P Montani
Among the multitude of dietary and lifestyle behaviours that have been proposed to contribute to the obesity epidemic, those that have generated considerable research scrutiny in the past decade are centred upon sleep behaviours, sedentary behaviours (sitting or lying while awake) and diminished low-level physical activities of everyday life, with each category of behaviours apparently presenting an independent risk for obesity and/or cardiometabolic diseases. These behaviours are highly complex, operate in synergy with each other, disrupt the link between regulation of the circadian clock and metabolic physiology and impact on various components of daily energy expenditure and feeding behaviours to promote obesity and hinder the outcome of obesity therapy...
February 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164448/interactions-between-sleep-movement-and-other-non-movement-behaviours-in-the-pathogenesis-of-childhood-obesity
#15
REVIEW
J-P Chaput, T J Saunders, V Carson
Research examining the health effects of physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep on different health outcomes has largely been conducted independently or in isolation of the other behaviours. However, the fact that time is finite (i.e. 24 h) suggests that the debate on whether or not the influence of a single behaviour is independent of another one is conceptually incorrect. Time spent in one behaviour should naturally depend on the composition of the rest of the day. Recent evidence using more appropriate analytical approaches to deal with this methodological issue shows that the combination of sleep, movement and non-movement behaviours matters and all components of the 24-h movement continuum should be targeted to enhance health and prevent childhood obesity...
February 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164235/sedentary-behaviour-in-nhs-staff-implications-for-organizations
#16
K Mackenzie, S Till, S Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157185/physical-activity-is-low-in-obese-new-zealand-children-and-adolescents
#17
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Cameron C Grant, Joanna M Stewart, Tami L Cave, Cervantée E K Wild, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
We aimed to describe physical activity and sedentary behaviour of obese children and adolescents in Taranaki, New Zealand, and to determine how these differ in Māori (indigenous) versus non-indigenous children. Participants (n = 239; 45% Māori, 45% New Zealand European [NZE], 10% other ethnicities) aged 4.8-16.8 years enrolled in a community-based obesity programme from January 2012 to August 2014 who had a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 98(th) percentile (n = 233) or >91(st)-98(th) percentile with weight-related comorbidities (n = 6) were assessed...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149708/social-correlates-of-leisure-time-sedentary-behaviours-in-canadian-adults
#18
S Huffman, M Szafron
Research on the correlates of sedentary behaviour among adults is needed to design health interventions to modify this behaviour. This study explored the associations of social correlates with leisure-time sedentary behaviour of Canadian adults, and whether these associations differ between different types of sedentary behaviour. A sample of 12,021 Canadian adults was drawn from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey, and analyzed using binary logistic regression to model the relationships that marital status, the presence of children in the household, and social support have with overall time spent sitting, using a computer, playing video games, watching television, and reading during leisure time...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148236/how-did-the-public-respond-to-the-2015-expert-consensus-public-health-guidance-statement-on-workplace-sedentary-behaviour-a-qualitative-analysis
#19
Benjamin Gardner, Lee Smith, Louise Mansfield
BACKGROUND: In June 2015, an expert consensus guidance statement was published recommending that office workers accumulate 2-4 h of standing and light activity daily and take regular breaks from prolonged sitting. This paper describes public responses to media coverage of the guidance, so as to understand public acceptability of the recommendations within the guidance, and perceptions of sitting and standing as health behaviours. METHODS: UK news media websites that had reported on the sedentary workplace guidance statement, and permitted viewers to post comments responding to the story, were identified...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127396/environmental-and-anthropogenic-drivers-of-connectivity-patterns-a-basis-for-prioritizing-conservation-efforts-for-threatened-populations
#20
Chrysoula Gubili, Stefano Mariani, Byron V Weckworth, Paul Galpern, Allan D McDevitt, Mark Hebblewhite, Barry Nickel, Marco Musiani
Ecosystem fragmentation and habitat loss have been the focus of landscape management due to restrictions on contemporary connectivity and dispersal of populations. Here, we used an individual approach to determine the drivers of genetic differentiation in caribou of the Canadian Rockies. We modelled the effects of isolation by distance, landscape resistance and predation risk and evaluated the consequences of individual migratory behaviour (seasonally migratory vs. sedentary) on gene flow in this threatened species...
February 2017: Evolutionary Applications
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