Read by QxMD icon Read

Sedentary behaviour

Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Pia Martino-Fuentealba, Jaime Carcamo-Oyarzun, Andrea Cortinez-O'Ryan, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Astrid Von Oetinger, Kabir P Sadarangani
Background: Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) countries, have been historically under-represented due to the lack of surveillance of physical behaviours in young populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe and compare overall physical activity (PA), active transportation to and from school (i.e. walking or cycling), physical education (PE) participation, and sedentary behaviour (SB) in adolescents from 26 countries in LAC. Methods: Data were collected in the Global School-based Student Health Survey (2007-13)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Friedrich C Jassil, Alisia Carnemolla, Helen Kingett, Bruce Paton, Aidan G O'Keeffe, Jacqueline Doyle, Stephen Morris, Neville Lewis, Amy Kirk, Andrea Pucci, Kusuma Chaiyasoot, Rachel L Batterham
INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are the two most common bariatric surgery performed in the UK that result in comparable weight loss and remission of obesity-associated comorbidities. However, there is a paucity of studies examining the impact of these procedures on body composition, physical activity levels, sedentary behaviour, physical function and strength, dietary intake, health-related quality of life and costs. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The BARI-LIFESTYLE observational study is a 1-year prospective, longitudinal cohort study within a real-world routine clinical care setting aiming to recruit 100 patients with severe obesity undergoing either primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy from two bariatric centres in London, UK...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
Toby Hunt, Marie T Williams, Timothy S Olds, Dorothea Dumuid
Descriptions of time use patterns in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are scarce and the relationship between use-of-time and COPD severity remains unclear. This study aimed to describe a typical day for people with COPD and to explore the differences in time-use patterns across the Body Mass-Index, Airflow Obstruction, Dyspnoea and Exercise Capacity (BODE) index using compositional analyses. Using a cross-sectional design, 141 adults with clinically stable COPD had their demographics, objective measures of function (pulmonary, exercise capacity and physical activity), and self-reported COPD-related impairment recorded...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Muhammad Fahim, Thar Baker, Asad Masood Khattak, Babar Shah, Saiqa Aleem, Francis Chow
Sedentary behaviour is increasing due to societal changes and is related to prolonged periods of sitting. There is sufficient evidence proving that sedentary behaviour has a negative impact on people's health and wellness. This paper presents our research findings on how to mine the temporal contexts of sedentary behaviour by utilizing the on-board sensors of a smartphone. We use the accelerometer sensor of the smartphone to recognize user situations (i.e., still or active). If our model confirms that the user context is still, then there is a high probability of being sedentary...
March 15, 2018: Sensors
Conran Joseph, Björn Stömbäck, Maria Hagströmer, David Conradsson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of using accelerometers to monitor physical activity in persons with stroke admitted to inpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with stroke admitted to a specialized rehabilitation centre for sub-acute rehabilitation were recruited between August and December 2016. METHODS: Volume and intensity of physical activity were assessed with accelerometers throughout the rehabilitation period...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
S E R Lim, R Dodds, D Bacon, A A Sayer, H C Roberts
BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored the activity levels of hospitalised older people and the intra-daily activity patterns in this group have not been described. AIMS: To describe the quantity and daily pattern of physical activity among hospitalised older people using two accelerometers: the ankle-worn StepWatch Activity Monitor (SAM), and the wrist-worn GENEActiv. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted on the acute medical wards for older people in one UK hospital...
March 14, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Mireia Felez-Nobrega, Charles H Hillman, Kieran P Dowd, Eva Cirera, Anna Puig-Ribera
The aim of this study was to examine relationships between activPAL™-determined sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) with academic achievement. A total of 120 undergraduates (N = 57 female; 20.6 ± 2.3 years) participated in the study. Academic achievement was measured as the grade point average obtained from all completed courses. Participants wore on the right tight an activPAL™ for 7 days to determine total sedentary time, total number of sedentary breaks, sedentary bouts, standing time, light and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
L B McMillan, D Aitken, P Ebeling, G Jones, D Scott
Relationships between objectively assessed free-living physical activity (PA) and changes in bone health over time are poorly understood in older adults. This study suggests these relationships are sex-specific and that body composition may influence the mechanical loading benefits of PA. INTRODUCTION: To investigate associations of objectively assessed PA and bone health in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: This secondary analysis of a subset of the Tasmanian Older Adult Cohort study included participants with PA assessed utilising ActiGraph GT1M accelerometers over 7 days (N = 209 participants, 53% female; mean ± SD age 64...
March 12, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James Mugisha, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behaviour (SB) is harmful for health and well-being and may be associated with depression. However, little is known about the correlates of SB in people with depression. Thus, we investigated SB correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in six low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health were analyzed. The analysis was restricted to those with DSM-IV Depression or receiving depression treatment in the last 12 months...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Eero A Haapala, Niina Lintu, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Taisa Venäläinen, Anna-Maija Poikkeus, Timo Ahonen, Virpi Lindi, Timo A Lakka
We investigated the associations of cardiometabolic risk factors with academic achievement and whether motor performance, cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, or sedentary behaviour mediated these associations. Altogether 175 children 6-8 years-of-age participated in the study. We assessed body fat percentage (BF%), waist circumference, insulin, glucose, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, leptin, alanine aminotransferase, and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Jessica S Morris, Kathryn E Bradbury, Amanda J Cross, Marc J Gunter, Neil Murphy
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have shown that physical activity levels are inversely, and sedentary behaviours are positively, associated with colorectal cancer risk; however, whether these relationships are consistent across anatomical subsites is uncertain. METHODS: We investigated the associations between colorectal cancer and physical activity (metabolic equivalents (METs)-hours per week), and indicators of sedentary behaviour (television watching time and time spent using computers) among 430 584 men and women enroled in the UK Biobank...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Gro Beate Samdal, Eivind Meland, Geir Egil Eide, Sveinung Berntsen, Eirik Abildsnes, Tonje H Stea, Thomas Mildestvedt
AIMS: We examine the characteristics of participants entering Norwegian Healthy Life Centres, their reasons for attending and whether socio-economic status, motivation, self-efficacy and social support relate to physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is part of a randomised controlled trial. Inclusion criteria are that participants should be ≥ 18 years old and able to take part in a physical activity group intervention. Exclusion criteria are severe mental illness and general learning disability...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Carlos Nunez, Visalini Nair-Shalliker, Sam Egger, Freddy Sitas, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical activity (PA) are predictors of colon (CC) and rectal (RC) cancers. Prolonged sitting is also emerging as a potential predictor for these cancers. Little knowledge exists about the interactive effects of obesity, PA and prolonged sitting on cancer risk. This analysis assessed independent and interactive effects of PA, body mass index (BMI) and sitting time on CC and RC risks. METHODS: This analysis used data from a prospective study of 226,584 participants aged 45 years and over in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, who joined the 45 and Up study between 2006 and 2009...
March 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
Fehmidah Munir, Stuart J H Biddle, Melanie J Davies, David Dunstan, David Esliger, Laura J Gray, Ben R Jackson, Sophie E O'Connell, Tom Yates, Charlotte L Edwardson
BACKGROUND: Sitting (sedentary behaviour) is widespread among desk-based office workers and a high level of sedentary behaviour is a risk factor for poor health. Reducing workplace sitting time is therefore an important prevention strategy. Interventions are more likely to be effective if they are theory and evidence-based. The Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) provides a framework for intervention development. This article describes the development of the Stand More AT Work (SMArT Work) intervention, which aims to reduce sitting time among National Health Service (NHS) office-based workers in Leicester, UK...
March 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
Stephanie A Prince, Robert D Reid, Jordan Bernick, Anna E Clarke, Jennifer L Reed
OBJECTIVES: To compare sedentary time (ST) measured by self-report using a single question from the short-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire (SF-IPAQ), 18-items from the Sedentary Behaviour Questionnaire (SBQ) and objectively using an accelerometer among a large sample of nurses. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Participants wore an ActiGraph GT3X accelerometer (≥4 days, ≥10h/day) and self-reported usual day sitting using the IPAQ and sitting in different modes using the SBQ...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Dorothea Dumuid, Tyman E Stanford, Željko Pedišić, Carol Maher, Lucy K Lewis, Josep-Antoni Martín-Fernández, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Timothy Olds
BACKGROUND: Daily activity data are by nature compositional data. Accordingly, they occupy a specific geometry with unique properties that is different to standard Euclidean geometry. This study aimed to estimate the difference in adiposity associated with isotemporal reallocation between daily activity behaviours, and to compare the findings from compositional isotemporal subsitution to those obtained from traditional isotemporal substitution. METHODS: We estimated the differences in adiposity (body fat%) associated with reallocating fixed durations of time (isotemporal substitution) between accelerometer-measured daily activity behaviours (sleep, sedentary time and light and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)) among 1728 children aged 9-11 years from Australia, Canada, Finland and the UK (International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment, 2011-2013)...
March 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Taura N Willoughby, Jon Doan, Cheryl L Currie, Jennifer L Copeland
This study assessed the effect of changing daily movement behaviour on C-reactive protein (CRP) measured in saliva. Two groups of women either reduced daily movement or increased physical activity for 10 days. Salivary CRP increased by 31% in the sedentary group (0.378±0.596 to 0.487±0.793 µg·L-1) and decreased by 22% in the active group (0.414±0.640 to 0.259±0.284 µg·L-1). These results suggest short-term changes in daily movement behaviour can affect salivary CRP, a marker of systemic inflammation...
March 2, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Yvonne Laird, John Sproule, John J Reilly, David H Saunders
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M A Timmer, M F Pisters, P de Kleijn, R A de Bie, R E G Schutgens, C Veenhof
BACKGROUND: Limited research has been published regarding movement behaviour of adult persons with haemophilia (PWH). It is hypothesized that avoidance of activities and more sedentary behaviour cause poorer physical functioning. AIM: To determine differences in movement behaviour between PWH and healthy adults. METHODS: Movement behaviour was measured with an accelerometer distinguishing between; lying/non-wear, sitting, standing, walking, running and cycling...
March 1, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Amelia A Lake
The burden of obesity contributes to increasing health inequality, and placing healthcare systems under huge strain. The modern society could broadly be described to support unhealthful eating patterns and sedentary behaviour; also described as obesogenic. Obesity prevention and treatment has focused on educational and behavioural interventions, with limited overall success. A sustainable approach is to address the environments that promote less healthy eating and high energy intake as well as sedentary behaviour...
March 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"