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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645071/television-viewing-and-risk-of-mortality-exploring-the-biological-plausibility
#1
Mark Hamer, Thomas Yates, Panayotes Demakakos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Television (TV) viewing is a major component of leisure sedentary time, and has been consistently associated with cardiovascular disease. We examined the extent to which metabolic biomarkers explain the association between TV viewing and mortality. METHODS: Participants (N = 8,451, aged 64.8 ± 9.9 yrs) were drawn from The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), a national prospective cohort study of community-dwelling men and women living in England...
June 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639063/erratum-to-screen-time-other-sedentary-behaviours-and-obesity-risk-in-adults-a-review-of-reviews
#2
Stuart J H Biddle, Enrique García Bengoechea, Zeljko Pedisic, Jason Bennie, Ineke Vergeer, Glen Wiesner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637722/cross-sectional-surveillance-study-to-phenotype-lorry-drivers-sedentary-behaviours-physical-activity-and-cardio-metabolic-health
#3
Veronica Varela-Mato, Orlagh O'Shea, James A King, Thomas Yates, David J Stensel, Stuart Jh Biddle, Myra A Nimmo, Stacy A Clemes
OBJECTIVES: Elevated risk factors for a number of chronic diseases have been identified in lorry drivers. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours such as a lack of physical activity (PA) and high levels of sedentary behaviour (sitting) likely contribute to this elevated risk. This study behaviourally phenotyped UK lorry drivers' sedentary and non-sedentary behaviours during workdays and non-workdays and examined markers of drivers cardio-metabolic health. SETTING: A transport company from the East Midlands, UK...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#4
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636068/parent-child-association-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour
#5
Didier Garriguet, Rachel Colley, Tracey Bushnik
BACKGROUND: Parents influence the physical activity and sedentary behaviour of their children. This analysis examines associations between parental role modeling and support and children's physical activity and sedentary behaviour. DATA AND METHODS: The sample consists of 1,328 biological parent-child pairs from the first three cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007 through 2013). Data on physical activity and sedentary behaviour were collected using a questionnaire and by accelerometer...
June 21, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629991/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-subsequent-to-serious-orthopaedic-injury-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Christina L Ekegren, Ben Beck, Rachel E D Climie, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and synthesise the evidence on physical activity and sedentary behaviour following serious orthopaedic injury. DATA SOURCES: Eight electronic databases and reference lists of relevant articles were searched from inception to March 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour measured objectively or via self-report among patients with serious orthopaedic injury (acute bone or soft-tissue injury requiring emergency hospital admission and/or non-elective surgery) were included...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628125/enhanced-insulin-sensitivity-in-successful-long-term-weight-loss-maintainers-compared-with-matched-controls-with-no-weight-loss-history
#7
L D Clamp, D J Hume, E V Lambert, J Kroff
BACKGROUND: Weight gain is associated with deterioration in metabolic health, whereas weight loss improves insulin sensitivity. This study assesses the impact of long-term, successfully maintained weight loss and weight-loss relapse on measures of insulin sensitivity and identifies factors that explain variability in insulin sensitivity. METHODS: Women (20-45 years) were recruited into four groups: reduced-overweight/obese (RED, n=15); body mass index (BMI)-matched controls (stable low-weight, n=19), BMI⩽27 kg m(-2); relapsed-overweight/obese subjects (REL, n=11); and BMI-matched controls (obese stable weight, n=11), BMI⩾27 kg m(-2)...
June 19, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622091/differences-by-age-and-sex-in-the-sedentary-time-of-adults-in-scotland
#8
Tessa Strain, Paul Kelly, Nanette Mutrie, Claire Fitzsimons
Previous nationally-representative research in Scotland found a j-shaped relationship between age and leisure sedentary time (ST): a decrease from young to middle-age, before rising steeply in older-age. This study investigated the effects of age and sex on weekday (including work) ST for all adults and stratified by work-status, and on weekend day ST. Differences in the relative contributions of component behaviours were also investigated. Responses from 14,367 adult (≥16 years) 2012-14 Scottish Health Survey participants were analysed using linear regressions...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619784/relationships-between-socioeconomic-position-and-objectively-measured-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-in-three-prospective-cohorts
#9
Richard John Shaw, Iva Čukić, Ian J Deary, Catharine R Gale, Sebastien Fm Chastin, Philippa M Dall, Dawn A Skelton, Geoff Der
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether sedentary behaviour in older adults is associated with a systematic and comprehensive range of socioeconomic position (SEP) measures across the life course. SEP measures included prospective measures of social class, income, educational qualifications and parental social class and contemporaneous measures of area deprivation. SETTING: Glasgow and the surrounding (West of Scotland) combined with Edinburgh and the surrounding area (the Lothians)...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618914/role-of-the-polypill-for-secondary-prevention-in-ischaemic-heart-disease
#10
José M Castellano, Valentín Fuster, Catriona Jennings, Eva Prescott, Héctor Bueno
In 2011, for the first time in the history of humankind, non-communicable diseases became the leading cause of death worldwide. This change in trend is obviously multifactorial and very complex, as it is the paradoxical result of social, economic and health system growth worldwide. Vaccination and infectious diseases control, changing dietary habits worldwide, sedentary behaviour, globalisation, industrialisation (resulting in a shift from manual to sedentary labour), tobacco and sugary beverage surges in low- and middle-income countries and rapid urbanisation have all played a role in this epidemic transition...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618194/sexual-dimorphism-in-the-alpine-butterflies-boloria-pales-and-boloria-napaea-differences-in-movement-and-foraging-behaviour-lepidoptera-nymphalidae
#11
Stefan Ehl, Katharina Hostert, Jana Korsch, Patrick Gros, Thomas Schmitt
Sexual dimorphism is a widespread phenomenon in Lepidoptera. It is reflected in differences in life history, behaviour and morphology. Analyses of differences in behaviour are mostly difficult and time-consuming, especially in high mountain ecosystems. To enhance our knowledge on sexual dimorphisms of alpine butterflies, we performed a mark-release-recapture study on two species common in the Alps: Boloria pales and Boloria napaea. We analysed movement and foraging behaviour to investigate differences between sexes...
June 15, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602133/nutritional-and-environmental-factors-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Elena Garicano Vilar, Manuela Echeverry López, Marta García Bernat, Yaiza Quevedo Santos, Marta Blanco López, Paloma Elortegui Pascual, Elena Borregon Rivilla, Mario Rincón Barrado
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and 'unhealthy' diets, and to date there is only one study that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. The aim was to determine the association between those environmental, nutritional, and body composition factors that may affect the pathogenesis and symptomatology of patients with ADHD in Spain. METHODS: A total of 89 children and adolescents (41 with diagnosed ADHD and 48 controls) were studied in an observation case-control study...
June 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595596/the-influence-of-dog-ownership-on-objective-measures-of-free-living-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-longitudinal-case-controlled-study
#13
Philippa Margaret Dall, Sarah Lesley Helen Ellis, Brian Martin Ellis, P Margaret Grant, Alison Colyer, Nancy Renee Gee, Malcolm Howard Granat, Daniel Simon Mills
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence to suggest that dog ownership may improve physical activity (PA) among older adults, but to date, studies examining this, have either depended on self-report or incomplete datasets due to the type of activity monitor used to record physical activity. Additionally, the effect of dog ownership on sedentary behaviour (SB) has not been explored. The aim of the current study was to address these issues by using activPAL monitors to evaluate the influence of dog ownership on health enhancing PA and SB in a longitudinal study of independently-mobile, community-dwelling older adults...
June 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592241/effect-of-major-school-playground-reconstruction-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-camden-active-spaces
#14
Mark Hamer, Daniel Aggio, Georgina Knock, Courtney Kipps, Aparna Shankar, Lee Smith
BACKGROUND: The physical school environment is a promising setting to increase children's physical activity although robust evidence is sparse. We examined the effects of major playground reconstruction on physical activity and sedentary time in primary schools using a quasi-experimental design (comparison group pre-test/post-test design). METHODS: Five experimental and two control schools from deprived areas of inner city London were recruited at baseline. Main outcome was physical activity and sedentary time measured from objective monitoring (Actigraph accelerometer) at one year follow up...
June 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589678/barriers-and-facilitators-to-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-literature
#15
REVIEW
K R Hesketh, R Lakshman, E M F van Sluijs
Positive activity behaviours (i.e. higher physical activity [PA]/lower sedentary behaviour [SB]) are beneficial from infancy, yet evidence suggests that young children (0- to 6-year-olds) are relatively inactive. To better understand the perceived influences on these behaviours and to aid intervention development, this paper systematically synthesizes the extensive qualitative literature regarding perceived barriers and facilitators to PA and SB in young children (0-6 years old). A search of eight electronic databases (July 2016) identified 43 papers for inclusion...
June 6, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587843/prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-and-its-relation-with-sedentarism-in-spain
#16
R Leirós-Rodríguez, V Romo-Pérez, J L García-Soidán
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence in the elderly Spanish population of both sexes and identify a possible relationship between physical activity habits and the presence of urinary incontinence in the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used data from 8146 individuals older than 60 years (age range, 60-94 years), from which data from a 15-year cohort were obtained. Of these, 4745 (58.2%) were women and 3401 (41.8%) were men. We analysed the presence of urinary incontinence, physical activity habits and the influence of other variables such as sex, age, weight and body mass index...
June 3, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585448/embedding-exercise-interventions-as-routine-mental-health-care-implementation-strategies-in-residential-inpatient-and-community-settings
#17
Oscar Lederman, Shuichi Suetani, Robert Stanton, Justin Chapman, Nicole Korman, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, Dan Siskind
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of physical activity (PA) programs among populations with severe mental illness (SMI) has predominately focused on efficacy and therapeutic benefits. There is now strong evidence to support the benefits of PA in people with SMI. What remains is a gap in the implementation of pragmatic and sustainable PA interventions in mental-health settings. The current paper provides examples of interventions that have been successfully implemented in Australian settings, identifies key components of successful PA interventions and outlines practical strategies that can assist with widespread implementation of PA interventions in mental-health settings...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585394/wii-based-exercise-program-to-improve-physical-fitness-motor-proficiency-and-functional-mobility-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#18
V Silva, C Campos, A Sá, M Cavadas, J Pinto, P Simões, S Machado, E Murillo-Rodríguez, N Barbosa-Rocha
BACKGROUND: People with Down syndrome (DS) usually display reduced physical fitness (aerobic capacity, muscle strength and abnormal body composition), motor proficiency impairments (balance and postural control) and physical functional limitations. Exergames can be an appealing alternative to enhance exercise engagement and compliance, whilst improving physical fitness and motor function. This study aims to analyse the effects of a Wii-based exercise program on physical fitness, functional mobility and motor proficiency of adults with DS...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584189/the-efficacy-of-motivational-counselling-and-sms-reminders-on-daily-sitting-time-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Tanja Thomsen, Mette Aadahl, Nina Beyer, Merete Lund Hetland, Katrine Løppenthin, Julie Midtgaard, Robin Christensen, Mikkel Østergaard, Poul Jørgen Jennum, Bente Appel Esbensen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this report is to investigate the efficacy of an individually tailored, theory-based behavioural intervention for reducing daily sitting time, pain and fatigue, as well as improving health-related quality of life, general self-efficacy, physical function and cardiometabolic biomarkers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial 150 patients with RA were randomised to an intervention or a no-intervention control group...
June 5, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580146/use-of-physiological-knowledge-to-control-the-invasive-sea-lamprey-petromyzon-marinus-in-the-laurentian-great-lakes
#20
Michael J Siefkes
Sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) control in the Laurentian Great Lakes of North America is an example of using physiological knowledge to successfully control an invasive species and rehabilitate an ecosystem and valuable fishery. The parasitic sea lamprey contributed to the devastating collapse of native fish communities after invading the Great Lakes during the 1800s and early 1900s. Economic tragedy ensued with the loss of the fishery and severe impacts to property values and tourism resulting from sea lamprey-induced ecological changes...
2017: Conservation Physiology
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