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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818057/effect-of-counselling-during-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-self-determined-motivation-towards-physical-activity-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Anne-Kathrin Rausch-Osthoff, Nicola Greco, Ariane Schwank, Swantje Beyer, David Gisi, Mandy Scheermesser, André Meichtry, Noriane Sievi, Thomas Hess, Markus Wirz
BACKGROUND: Physical activity promotion in people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is focus of research and public health. Patient-centred interventions like counselling are promising approaches to help patients reducing sedentary behaviour. Aim of the present study is to investigate if a physical activity counselling program during pulmonary rehabilitation increases physical activity level in daily life in people with COPD. METHODS: A two-armed, single blind randomised controlled trial including 56 people with COPD will be conducted in an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation...
August 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803597/somali-latino-and-hmong-parents-perceptions-and-approaches-about-raising-healthy-weight-children-a-community-based-participatory-research-study
#2
Chrisa Arcan, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Maira Rosas-Lee, Mai Bao Xiong
OBJECTIVE: Immigrants in the USA are confronted with health disparities, including childhood obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. We aimed to identify perceptions of childhood body weight, approaches to raising healthy children and desires for supportive programmes of Somali, Latino and Hmong (SLM) parents in the Twin Cities, Minnesota, USA. DESIGN: Using community-based participatory research, ten focus groups (FG) were conducted with sixty-seven parents (n 28 Somali, three FG; n 19 Latino, four FG; n 20 Hmong, three FG) of 3-12-year-old children in their native language...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803573/the-school-environment-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-guatemalan-adolescents
#3
Katelyn M Godin, Violeta Chacón, Joaquin Barnoya, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine Guatemalan adolescents' consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), identify which individual-level characteristics are associated with SSB consumption and describe school characteristics that may influence students' SSB consumption. DESIGN: Within this observational pilot study, a questionnaire was used to assess students' consumption of three varieties of SSB (soft drinks, energy drinks, sweetened coffees/teas), as well as a variety of sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801419/ssri-antidepressant-use-potentiates-weight-gain-in-the-context-of-unhealthy-lifestyles-results-from-a-4-year-australian-follow-up-study
#4
Zumin Shi, Evan Atlantis, Anne W Taylor, Tiffany K Gill, Kay Price, Sarah Appleton, Ma-Li Wong, Julio Licinio
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between antidepressant use and weight gain, as well as the interaction with lifestyle factors. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used data from 2334 adults from two stages (4.4 years apart) of the North West Adelaide Health Study, including validated diet and lifestyle questionnaires, measured body weight and linked pharmaceutical prescription data. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Body weight change...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800736/using-computer-mobile-and-wearable-technology-enhanced-interventions-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Aoife Stephenson, Suzanne M McDonough, Marie H Murphy, Chris D Nugent, Jacqueline L Mair
BACKGROUND: High levels of sedentary behaviour (SB) are associated with negative health consequences. Technology enhanced solutions such as mobile applications, activity monitors, prompting software, texts, emails and websites are being harnessed to reduce SB. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of such technology enhanced interventions aimed at reducing SB in healthy adults and to examine the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched to identify randomised-controlled trials (RCTs), published up to June 2016...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800295/the-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-sleep-pass-indicator-framework
#6
Karen C Roberts, Gregory Butler, Brenda Branchard, Deepa P Rao, Victoria Otterman, Wendy Thompson, Gayatri Jayaraman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790038/participate-cp-a-protocol-of-a-randomised-waitlist-controlled-trial-of-a-motivational-and-behaviour-change-therapy-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-through-meaningful-participation-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Sarah Elizabeth Reedman, Roslyn N Boyd, Catherine Elliott, Leanne Sakzewski
INTRODUCTION: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) participate in leisure-time physical activities (PA) less often, with less intensity and reduced diversity than their typically developing peers. Participation in leisure-time physical activities may be an important source of habitual physical activity (HPA) for children with CP, who as a group have lower levels of HPA and increased sedentary time compared with their typically developing peers. The proposed study aims to compare the efficacy of a participation focused therapy (ParticiPAte CP) to usual care in a pragmatic, randomised waitlist controlled trial...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774202/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-sleep-in-copd-guidelines-a-systematic-review
#8
Hayley Lewthwaite, Tanja W Effing, Timothy Olds, Marie T Williams
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviours have strong associations with health. This systematic review aimed to identify how clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) report specific recommendations and strategies for these movement behaviours. METHODS: A systematic search of databases (Medline, Scopus, CiNAHL, EMbase, Clinical Guideline), reference lists and websites identified current versions of CPGs published since 2005...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764754/national-policies-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-in-the-workplace-context-a-behaviour-change-wheel-guided-content-analysis-of-policy-papers-in-finland
#9
Tuija Seppälä, Nelli Hankonen, Eveliina Korkiakangas, Johanna Ruusuvuori, Jaana Laitinen
BACKGROUND: Health policy papers disseminate recommendations and guidelines for the development and implementation of health promotion interventions. Such documents have rarely been investigated with regard to their assumed mechanisms of action for changing behaviour. The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) and Behaviour Change Techniques (BCT) Taxonomy have been used to code behaviour change intervention descriptions, but to our knowledge such "retrofitting" of policy papers has not previously been reported...
August 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762234/the-link-between-exercise-and-titin-passive-stiffness
#10
Sophie Lalande, Patrick J Mueller, Charles S Chung
What is the topic of this review? This review focuses on how in vivo and molecular measurements of cardiac passive stiffness can predict exercise tolerance and how exercise training can reduce cardiac passive stiffness. What advances does it highlight? This review highlights advances in understanding the relationship between molecular (titin-based) and in vivo (left ventricular) passive stiffness, how passive stiffness modifies exercise tolerance, and how exercise training may be therapeutic for cardiac diseases with increased passive stiffness...
July 31, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762143/pharmaceutical-interventions-for-diabetes-prevention-in-patients-at-risk
#11
REVIEW
Sudesna Chatterjee, Melanie Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
With the rising incidence and prevalence rates of type 2 diabetes globally, it is imperative that diabetes prevention strategies are implemented to stem the flow of new cases. Successful interventions include both lifestyle modification and pharmaceutical agents, and large, multicentre, randomised, controlled studies in different populations have identified the benefits of both. However, translating positive trial outcomes to the real world is particularly challenging, as lifestyle interventions require regular reinforcement from healthcare professionals to be maintained...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761711/comparison-of-two-accelerometers-for-measuring-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour
#12
Ted Pfister, Charles E Matthews, Qinggang Wang, Karen A Kopciuk, Kerry Courneya, Christine Friedenreich
PURPOSE: A central aspect of physical activity and sedentary behaviour research is accurate exposure assessment in the context of disease outcomes. The primary objectives of this study were to evaluate the convergent validity and test-retest reliability of the ActiGraph GT3X+ and activPAL3 accelerometers. METHODS: Participants from the Breast Cancer and Exercise Trial in Alberta (n=266) wore both devices concurrently during waking hours for 7 days. Summary measures of time (hours/day) for physical activity and sedentary behaviour were compared between devices using Student's t-tests...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759597/objectively-measured-sedentary-time-among-five-ethnic-groups-in-amsterdam-the-helius-study
#13
Anne Loyen, Mary Nicolaou, Marieke B Snijder, Ron J G Peters, Karien Stronks, Lars J Langøien, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Johannes Brug, Jeroen Lakerveld
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behaviour is increasingly recognised as a health risk. While differences in this behaviour might help explain ethnic differences in disease profiles, studies on sedentary behaviour in ethnic minorities are scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the levels and the socio-demographic and lifestyle-related correlates of objectively measured sedentary time among five ethnic groups in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the HELIUS study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759385/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-diet-and-cancer-an-update-and-emerging-new-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kerr, Cheryl Anderson, Scott M Lippman
The lifestyle factors of physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and diet are increasingly being studied for their associations with cancer. Physical activity is inversely associated with and sedentary behaviour is positively (and independently) associated with an increased risk of more than ten types of cancer, including colorectal cancer (and advanced adenomas), endometrial cancers, and breast cancer. The most consistent dietary risk factor for premalignant and invasive breast cancer is alcohol, whether consumed during early or late adult life, even at low levels...
August 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754102/how-active-are-women-who-play-bingo-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-well-bingo-project
#15
Gemma C Ryde, Trish Gorely, Ruth Jepson, Cindy Gray, Ashley Shepherd, Dionne Mackison, Aileen V Ireland, Brian Williams, Marion E T McMurdo, Josie M M Evans
BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical activity are well established, yet large numbers of people are not sufficiently active to gain health benefits. Certain population groups are less physically active than others, including older women from areas of high economic deprivation. The Well!Bingo project was established with the aim of engaging such women in the development of a health promotion intervention in a bingo club. This paper reports on the assessment of health status, physical activity and sedentary behaviour of women attending a bingo club in central Scotland, UK as part of the Well!Bingo project...
July 28, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752742/trends-in-screen-time-behaviours-in-czech-schoolchildren-between-2002-and-2014-hbsc-study
#16
Dagmar Sigmundová, Erik Sigmund, Jens Bucksch, Petr Baďura, Michal Kalman, Zdeněk Hamřík
OBJECTIVE: Screen-based behaviours such as watching television or computer use are among the most prevalent sedentary behaviours adolescents spend time on. There is a lack of recent estimates on prevalence and changes in the amount of time spent on screen-based behaviour across Central and Eastern Europe. The main aim is to assess the trends in the prevalence of current recommendations for the screen time (≤2 hours per day) of school-aged children in the Czech Republic between 2002 and 2014...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752553/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-psychosocial-well-being-among-young-south-korean-children
#17
E-Y Lee, V Carson
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between television (TV) viewing, reading, physical activity (PA), and psychosocial well-being among a representative sample of young South Korean children aged 0-5 years. METHODS: Findings are based on 1,774 children who participated in the Korea Children and Youth Survey. All measures were questionnaire-derived. Psychosocial well-being included social, interactive, and emotional skills (α = .7-.9), and the top quartile denoted high psychosocial well-being...
July 28, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750678/effects-of-urban-motorways-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-local-residents-a-natural-experimental-study
#18
R G Prins, L Foley, N Mutrie, D B Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence on how changing the physical environment changes health-related behaviours. We studied the effects of the new M74 motorway (freeway) - opened in 2011 - and the existing M8 motorway in Glasgow, Scotland, on physical activity and sedentary behaviour among local residents. METHODS: This natural experimental study used baseline (T1; 2005) and follow-up data (T2; 2013) from a longitudinal cohort (N = 365) and two cross-sectional samples (T1 N = 980; T2 N = 978)...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750673/the-intervention-process-in-the-european-fans-in-training-eurofit-trial-a-mixed-method-protocol-for-evaluation
#19
I van de Glind, C Bunn, C M Gray, K Hunt, E Andersen, J Jelsma, H Morgan, H Pereira, G Roberts, J Rooksby, Ø Røynesdal, M Silva, M Sorensen, S Treweek, T van Achterberg, H van der Ploeg, F van Nassau, M Nijhuis-van der Sanden, S Wyke
BACKGROUND: EuroFIT is a gender-sensitised, health and lifestyle program targeting physical activity, sedentary time and dietary behaviours in men. The delivery of the program in football clubs, led by the clubs' community coaches, is designed to both attract and engage men in lifestyle change through an interest in football or loyalty to the club they support. The EuroFIT program will be evaluated in a multicentre pragmatic randomised controlled trial (RCT), for which ~1000 overweight men, aged 30-65 years, will be recruited in 15 top professional football clubs in the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the UK...
July 27, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750027/differential-metabolic-profiles-associated-to-movement-behaviour-of-stream-resident-brown-trout-salmo-trutta
#20
Neus Oromi, Mariona Jové, Mariona Pascual-Pons, Jose Luis Royo, Rafel Rocaspana, Enric Aparicio, Reinald Pamplona, Antoni Palau, Delfi Sanuy, Joan Fibla, Manuel Portero-Otin
The mechanisms that can contribute in the fish movement strategies and the associated behaviour can be complex and related to the physiology, genetic and ecology of each species. In the case of the brown trout (Salmo trutta), in recent research works, individual differences in mobility have been observed in a population living in a high mountain river reach (Pyrenees, NE Spain). The population is mostly sedentary but a small percentage of individuals exhibit a mobile behavior, mainly upstream movements. Metabolomics can reflect changes in the physiological process and can determine different profiles depending on behaviour...
2017: PloS One
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