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Sedentary behaviour

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092727/sitting-ducks-face-chronic-disease-an-analysis-of-newspaper-coverage-of-sedentary-behaviour-as-a-health-issue-in-australia-2000-2012
#1
Josephine Y Chau, Catriona Bonfiglioli, Amy Zhong, Zeljko Pedisic, Michelle Daley, Bronwyn McGill, Adrian Bauman
Issue addressed: This study examines how sedentary behaviour (too much sitting) was covered as a health issue by Australian newspapers and how physical activity was framed within this newspaper coverage.Methods: Articles featuring sedentary behaviour published in Australian newspapers between 2000 and 2012 were analysed for content and framing. Main outcome measures were volume, number and content of newspaper articles; framing and types of sedentary behaviour; responsibility for the problem of and solutions to high levels of sedentary behaviour; and physical activity mentions and how it was framed within sedentary behaviour coverage...
January 12, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088243/reducing-sedentary-time-in-adults-at-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-process-evaluation-of-the-stand-sedentary-time-and-diabetes-rct
#2
Stuart J H Biddle, Charlotte L Edwardson, Trish Gorely, Emma G Wilmot, Thomas Yates, Myra A Nimmo, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J Davies
BACKGROUND: Reducing sedentary behaviour may have important health implications. This study evaluated the potential enablers and barriers for outcomes of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) designed to evaluate a pragmatic education based intervention designed to reduce sedentary (sitting) behaviour in young adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were collected from participants in the intervention group immediately after an educational workshop addressing sedentary time and diabetes risk (n = 71), through phone interviews 6 weeks (n = 45) after the workshop, and at the conclusion of the 12-month trial (n = 10)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088206/comparing-accelerometer-pedometer-and-a-questionnaire-for-measuring-physical-activity-in-bronchiectasis-a-validity-and-feasibility-study
#3
B O'Neill, S M McDonough, J J Wilson, I Bradbury, K Hayes, A Kirk, L Kent, D Cosgrove, J M Bradley, M A Tully
BACKGROUND: There are challenges for researchers and clinicians to select the most appropriate physical activity tool, and a balance between precision and feasibility is needed. Currently it is unclear which physical activity tool should be used to assess physical activity in Bronchiectasis. The aim of this research is to compare assessment methods (pedometer and IPAQ) to our criterion method (ActiGraph) for the measurement of physical activity dimensions in Bronchiectasis (BE), and to assess their feasibility and acceptability...
January 14, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087303/activity-levels-and-exercise-motivation-in-copd-patients-and-their-resident-loved-ones
#4
Rafael Mesquita, Nienke Nakken, Daisy J A Janssen, Esther H A van den Bogaart, Jeannet M L Delbressine, Johannes M N Essers, Kenneth Meijer, Monique van Vliet, Geeuwke J de Vries, Jean W M Muris, Fabio Pitta, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
BACKGROUND: Resident loved ones of patients with COPD can play an important role in helping patients to engage in physical activity. We aimed to compare activity levels and exercise motivation between COPD patients and their resident loved ones; to compare the same outcome measures in patients after stratification for the physical activity level of the loved ones; and to predict the likelihood of being physically active in patients with a physically active resident loved one. METHODS: 125 patient-loved one dyads were cross-sectionally and simultaneously assessed...
January 10, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057512/definitions-measurement-and-prevalence-of-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Craig A Melville, Alyt Oppewal, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Ellen Freiberger, Myriam Guerra-Balic, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp, Ingi Einarsson, Rocio Izquierdo-Gómez, Oriol Sansano-Nadal, Pauli Rintala, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas, Maria Giné-Garriga
Supporting positive change in lifestyle behaviours is a priority in tackling the health inequalities experienced by adults with intellectual disabilities. In this systematic review, we examine the evidence on the definition, measurement and epidemiology of sedentary behaviour of adults with intellectual disabilities. A systematic literature search of PUBMED, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Google Scholar was performed to identify studies published from 1990 up to October 2015. Nineteen papers met the criteria for inclusion in the systematic review...
January 2, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056906/the-norwegian-healthy-life-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-rct-with-longitudinal-follow-up-on-physical-activity-and-diet-for-adults
#6
Eirik Abildsnes, Eivind Meland, Thomas Mildestvedt, Tonje H Stea, Sveinung Berntsen, Gro Beate Samdal
BACKGROUND: The Norwegian Directorate of Health recommends that Healthy Life Centres (HLCs) be established in primary health care to support behaviour change and reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases. The aim of the present study protocol is to present the rationale, design and methods of a combined pragmatic randomized controlled trial (RCT) and longitudinal cohort study of the effects of attending HLCs concerning physical activity, sedentary behaviour and diet and to explore how psychological well-being and motivational factors may mediate short- and long-term effects...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052636/non-pharmacological-interventions-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients
#7
REVIEW
Vlad Ratziu
Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease have unhealthy diets, sedentary behaviour and not enough physical activity. This lifestyle triggers liver disease and probably favours its progression. It also has significant deleterious effects on health and longevity and should therefore be corrected by first-line therapy at all stages of the disease. However, important questions remain: is weight loss alone beneficial or do particular diets have beneficial effects beyond weight loss? Which specific micro- or macronutrients are clearly harmful? Does exercise without weight loss improve hepatic histology and what type of exercise is optimal? Does moderate or only vigorous exercise have metabolic and hepatic benefits? What is the efficacy of lifestyle measures outside of clinical trials? And most importantly, what is the turning point in the natural history of liver disease when non-pharmacological measures should be combined with drug therapy?...
January 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032806/association-of-maximum-temperature-with-sedentary-time-in-older-british-men
#8
Claudio Sartini, Richard W Morris, Peter H Whincup, S Goya Wannamethee, Sarah Ash, Lucy Lennon, Barbara J Jefferis
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is very common in older adults and a risk factor for mortality. Understanding determinants of sedentary behaviour may help in defining strategies aimed to reduce the time spent sedentary. The degree of difference in sedentary time attributable to varying temperatures has not been yet estimated in older men. METHODS: Men aged 71-91 years participating in an established UK population-based cohort study were invited to wear an Actigraph GT3x accelerometer for one week in 2010-12...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027636/a-social-cognitive-theory-based-programme-for-eating-patterns-and-sedentary-activity-among-overweight-adolescents-in-makassar-south-sulawesi-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Healthy Hidayanty, Saptawati Bardosono, Helda Khusun, Rita Damayanti, Risatianti Kolopaking
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social cognitive theory provides the opportunity for program development to enhance healthy personal behvioural characteristics. We devised study to employ social cognitive theory to reduce snacking habits and sedentary activity among overweight adolescents . METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eight junior high schools in Makassar city were randomly assigned as intervention and control schools. A total of 238 overweight students aged 11-15 years (BMI z-score >=1 SD, according to a 2007 report from the WHO) were recruited...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027427/the-adiposity-of-children-is-associated-with-their-lifestyle-behaviours-a-cluster-analysis-of-school-aged-children-from-12-nations
#10
Dorothea Dumuid, T Olds, L K Lewis, J A Martin-Fernández, T Barreira, S Broyles, J-P Chaput, M Fogelholm, G Hu, R Kuriyan, A Kurpad, E V Lambert, J Maia, V Matsudo, V O Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke, P Zhao, P Katzmarzyk, F Gillison, C Maher
BACKGROUND: The relationship between children's adiposity and lifestyle behaviour patterns is an area of growing interest. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to identify clusters of children based on lifestyle behaviours and compare children's adiposity among clusters. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment were used. PARTICIPANTS: the participants were children (9-11 years) from 12 nations (n = 5710)...
December 27, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026711/sedentary-behaviours-among-adults-across-canada
#11
Katya M Herman, Travis J Saunders
 OBJECTIVES: While cross-Canada variations in physical activity and weight status have been illustrated, less is known about sedentary behaviour (SB). The aim of this study was to describe various SBs and their correlates among Canadian adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 2011-2012 Canadian Community Health Survey included 92,918 respondents aged 20-75+ years, representative of >22 million Canadian adults. TV/video viewing, computer, video game playing and reading time were self-reported. Associations with socio-demographic, health and health behaviour variables were examined...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025174/biomarkers-associated-with-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Katharina Wirth, Jochen Klenk, Simone Brefka, Dhayana Dallmeier, Kathrin Faehling, Marta Roqué I Figuls, Mark A Tully, Maria Giné-Garriga, Paolo Caserotti, Antoni Salvà, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Michael Denkinger, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVE: Pathomechanisms of sedentary behavior (SB) are unclear. We conducted a systematic review to investigate the associations between SB and various biomarkers in older adults. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED) up to July 2015 to identify studies with objective or subjective measures of SB, sample size≥50, mean age≥60years and accelerometer wear time ≥3 days. Methodological quality was appraised with the CASP tool...
December 23, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004473/a-qualitative-exploration-of-participants-experiences-of-taking-part-in-a-walking-programme-perceived-benefits-barriers-choices-and-use-of-intervention-resources
#13
Fiona Mitchell, Kirsten Stalker, Lynsay Matthews, Nanette Mutrie, Chris Melling, Alex McConnachie, Heather Murray, Craig A Melville
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience significant inequalities and tend to be more sedentary and less physically active than the wider population. Walking programmes are an effective way to increase physical activity (PA) but have not been used in studies involving adults with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: Nineteen adults with intellectual disabilities participated in semistructured interviews or focus groups exploring their experiences of taking part in a walking programme (Walk Well)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965881/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-an-intervention-to-support-active-lifestyles-in-youths-with-type-1-diabetes-the-activpals-programme-a-study-protocol
#14
Fiona Mitchell, Alison Kirk, Kenneth Robertson, John J Reilly
BACKGROUND: The global incidence of type 1 diabetes is rising, and youths with type 1 diabetes continue to suffer poorer health than peers without diabetes. Evidence suggests youths with type 1 diabetes have physical activity (PA) levels well below the recommendations for health and have high levels of sedentary behaviour. An active lifestyle is therefore recommended to improve health. There is limited research showing effective lifestyle behaviour change in this population; therefore, an evidence gap exists between the need to promote physical activity in type 1 diabetes care and lack of understanding on how to do this...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965849/impact-of-sit-stand-desks-at-work-on-energy-expenditure-and-sedentary-time-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study
#15
Eleni Mantzari, Katrien Wijndaele, Soren Brage, Simon J Griffin, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting, an independent risk factor for disease development and premature mortality, is increasing in prevalence in high- and middle-income countries, with no signs of abating. Adults in such countries spend the largest proportion of their day in sedentary behaviour, most of which is accumulated at work. One promising method for reducing workplace sitting is the use of sit-stand desks. However, key uncertainties remain about this intervention, related to the quality of existing studies and a lack of focus on key outcomes, including energy expenditure...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965828/-moving-on-and-feeling-good-a-feasibility-study-to-explore-the-lifestyle-behaviours-of-young-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-as-they-transition-from-school-to-adulthood-a-study-protocol
#16
Fiona Mitchell, Andrew Jahoda, Catherine Hankey, Lynsay Matthews, Heather Murray, Craig Melville
BACKGROUND: The transition from adolescence to adulthood is a 'high-risk' period for weight gain in the general population. There is speculation that this may also be a risk period for adults with intellectual disabilities; however, there has been no research which has monitored change in health indicators. Since adults with intellectual disabilities have higher rates of obesity and engage in more sedentary behaviour and less physical activity than the general population, there is a need to understand more about the lifestyle behaviours of this population during the transition to adulthood...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957594/adding-exercise-or-subtracting-sitting-time-for-glycaemic-control-where-do-we-stand
#17
EDITORIAL
Paddy C Dempsey, Megan S Grace, David W Dunstan
While regular structured exercise is a well-established (though arguably under-utilised) cornerstone in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes, population adherence to recommended exercise guidelines remains stubbornly low. Indeed, most adults are exposed to environmental settings (at work, in automobile travel and in the domestic environment) that may not only limit their physical activity, but also promote sitting for prolonged periods of time. However, recent experimental evidence indicates that reducing and breaking up sitting time may also be a useful strategy to improve glycaemic control...
December 12, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955929/ten-thousand-steps-a-pedometer-study-of-junior-dentists-in-a-major-british-teaching-hospital-and-a-district-general-hospital
#18
R M Keat, M Thomas, A McKechnie
Sedentary behaviour is widely associated with deleterious health outcomes that in modern medicine have similar connotations to smoking tobacco and alcohol misuse. The integration of e-portfolio, e-logbook, British National Formulary (BNF) and encrypted emails has made smartphones a necessity for trainees. Smartphones also have the ability to record the amount of exercise taken, which allows activity at work to be monitored. The aim of this study to compare the activity of the same group of dental core trainees when they worked within a large multisite teaching hospital and a smaller district general hospital, to find out if supplementary activity was needed outside work...
December 9, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955680/-walk-this-way-a-pilot-of-a-health-coaching-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-and-increase-low-intensity-exercise-in-people-with-serious-mental-illness-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Julie Williams, Brendon Stubbs, Fiona Gaughran, Tom Craig
BACKGROUND: People with serious mental illness (SMI) (psychosis, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder) experience a considerable risk of premature mortality because of cardiovascular disease. Recent research has demonstrated that this population spends almost 13 h per day being sedentary. Sedentary behaviour is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Given the potential for physical activity to improve health and well-being in people with SMI, we developed a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate a coaching intervention aimed at reducing sedentary behaviour and increasing physical activity in people with SMI...
December 12, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943147/sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-surveillance-through-accelerometer-pooling-in-four-european-countries
#20
Anne Loyen, Alexandra M Clarke-Cornwell, Sigmund A Anderssen, Maria Hagströmer, Luís B Sardinha, Kristina Sundquist, Ulf Ekelund, Jostein Steene-Johannessen, Fátima Baptista, Bjørge H Hansen, Katrien Wijndaele, Søren Brage, Jeroen Lakerveld, Johannes Brug, Hidde P van der Ploeg
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to pool, harmonise and re-analyse national accelerometer data from adults in four European countries in order to describe population levels of sedentary time and physical inactivity. METHODS: Five cross-sectional studies were included from England, Portugal, Norway and Sweden. ActiGraph accelerometer count data were centrally processed using the same algorithms. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to study the associations of sedentary time and physical inactivity with sex, age, weight status and educational level, in both the pooled sample and the separate study samples...
December 10, 2016: Sports Medicine
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