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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725543/exploring-parents-screen-viewing-behaviours-and-sedentary-time-in-association-with-their-attitudes-toward-their-young-child-s-screen-viewing
#1
Emma Solomon-Moore, Simon J Sebire, Corrie Macdonald-Wallis, Janice L Thompson, Deborah A Lawlor, Russell Jago
Sedentary time and screen-viewing (SV) are associated with chronic disease risk in adults. Parent and child sedentary time and SV are associated. Parents influence children's SV through parenting styles and role modelling. Understanding whether parents' attitudes toward child SV are associated with their own SV and sedentary time will aid development of family interventions to reduce sedentary behaviours. Cross-sectional data with 809 parents from Bristol, UK were collected in 2012-2013 and analysed in 2016...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724714/sedentary-time-in-older-adults-a-critical-review-of-measurement-associations-with-health-and-interventions
#2
REVIEW
Jennifer L Copeland, Maureen C Ashe, Stuart Jh Biddle, Wendy J Brown, Matthew P Buman, Sebastien Chastin, Paul A Gardiner, Shigeru Inoue, Barbara J Jefferis, Koichiro Oka, Neville Owen, Luís B Sardinha, Dawn A Skelton, Takemi Sugiyama, Shilpa Dogra
Sedentary time (ST) is an important risk factor for a variety of health outcomes in older adults. Consensus is needed on future research directions so that collaborative and timely efforts can be made globally to address this modifiable risk factor. In this review, we examined current literature to identify gaps and inform future research priorities on ST and healthy ageing. We reviewed three primary topics:(1) the validity/reliability of self-report measurement tools, (2) the consequences of prolonged ST on geriatric-relevant health outcomes (physical function, cognitive function, mental health, incontinence and quality of life) and(3) the effectiveness of interventions to reduce ST in older adults...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724710/sedentary-time-in-older-men-and-women-an-international-consensus-statement-and-research-priorities
#3
Shilpa Dogra, Maureen C Ashe, Stuart J H Biddle, Wendy J Brown, Matthew P Buman, Sebastien Chastin, Paul A Gardiner, Shigeru Inoue, Barbara J Jefferis, Koichiro Oka, Neville Owen, Luís B Sardinha, Dawn A Skelton, Takemi Sugiyama, Jennifer L Copeland
Sedentary time is a modifiable determinant of poor health, and in older adults, reducing sedentary time may be an important first step in adopting and maintaining a more active lifestyle. The primary purpose of this consensus statement is to provide an integrated perspective on current knowledge and expert opinion pertaining to sedentary behaviour in older adults on the topics of measurement, associations with health outcomes, and interventions. A secondary yet equally important purpose is to suggest priorities for future research and knowledge translation based on gaps identified...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711426/chewing-lice-from-wild-birds-in-northern-greece
#4
Anastasia Diakou, José Bernardo Pedroso Couto Soares, Haralambos Alivizatos, Maria Panagiotopoulou, Savas Kazantzidis, Ivan Literák, Oldřich Sychra
Greece represents an important area for wild birds due to its geographical position and habitat diversity. Although the bird species in Greece are well recorded, the information about the chewing lice that infest them is practically non-existent. Thus, the aim of the present study was to record the species of lice infesting wild birds in northern Greece and furthermore, to associate the infestation prevalence with factors such as the age, sex, migration and social behaviour of the host as well as the time of the year...
July 12, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709772/physical-health-promotion-in-patients-with-functional-psychoses-receiving-community-psychiatric-services-results-of-the-physico-dsm-vr-study
#5
Elena Bonfioli, Maria Angela Mazzi, Loretta Berti, Lorenzo Burti
OBJECTIVES: Psychotic patients have poorer health behaviours, including poor diets and sedentary lifestyles increasing their risk for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia, and tend to have a shorter life expectancy as compared to nonpsychiatric populations. Lifestyle intervention programmes that target modifiable risk factors in such patients have produced uneven results. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a package of health promotion strategies to improve diet and physical exercise in psychotic patients...
July 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707426/influence-of-neighbourhood-safety-on-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#6
REVIEW
R An, Y Yang, A Hoschke, H Xue, Y Wang
Unsafe residential neighbourhoods are thought to be a risk factor for childhood obesity by discouraging physical activity while encouraging sedentary behaviours, but findings from cross-sectional studies are susceptible to selection bias (e.g. children who are obese disproportionately reside in unsafe neighbourhoods). A literature search was conducted in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar for articles published until January 2017 that used baseline neighbourhood safety levels to predict future weight-related behaviours and body-weight status among children aged 17 years and younger...
July 14, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705186/objectively-measured-physical-environmental-neighbourhood-factors-are-not-associated-with-accelerometer-determined-total-sedentary-time-in-adults
#7
Sofie Compernolle, Katrien De Cocker, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Femke Van Nassau, Jeroen Lakerveld, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
BACKGROUND: The physical neighbourhood environment may influence adults' sedentary behaviour. Yet, most studies examining the association between the physical neighbourhood environment and sedentary behaviour rely on self-reported data of either the physical neighbourhood environment and/or sedentary behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between objectively measured physical environmental neighbourhood factors and accelerometer-determined total sedentary time in adults...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694061/is-the-link-between-movement-and-mental-health-a-two-way-street-prospective-associations-between-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-depressive-symptoms-among-women-living-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-neighbourhoods
#8
Megan Teychenne, Gavin Abbott, Karen E Lamb, Simon Rosenbaum, Kylie Ball
This study aimed to investigate the bi-directional relationship between different domains of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and depressive symptoms among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Victoria, Australia. Women (n=1033), aged 18-46years at Wave 1 (2007/08), completed self-report measures of PA (leisure-time, transport, occupational, domestic), SB (TV viewing, computer use, overall sitting time) and depressive symptoms (CES-D 10) at each study time-point (Wave 2: 2010/11, Wave 3: 2012/13)...
July 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675849/diet-and-habitat-use-influence-hg-and-cd-transfer-to-fish-and-consequent-biomagnification-in-a-highly-contaminated-area-augusta%C3%A2-bay-mediterranean-sea
#9
Geraldina Signa, Antonio Mazzola, Cecilia Doriana Tramati, Salvatrice Vizzini
Total mercury (T-Hg) and cadmium (Cd) were measured in twenty species of fish to study their bioaccumulation patterns and trophodynamics in the Augusta Bay food web. Adult and juvenile fish were caught in 2012 in Priolo Bay, south of the Augusta harbour (Central Mediterranean Sea), which is known for the high trace element and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination level. T-Hg concentration was found to significantly increase along δ(15)N and from pelagic to benthic sedentary fish, revealing a marked influence of trophic position and habitat use (sensu Harmelin 1987) on T-Hg accumulation within ichthyofauna...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674825/calibration-of-geneactiv-accelerometer-wrist-cut-points-for-the-assessment-of-physical-activity-intensity-of-preschool-aged-children
#10
Clare M P Roscoe, Rob S James, Michael J Duncan
This study sought to validate cut-points for use of wrist-worn GENEActiv accelerometer data, to analyse preschool children's (4 to 5 year olds) physical activity (PA) levels via calibration with oxygen consumption values (VO2). This was a laboratory-based calibration study. Twenty-one preschool children, aged 4.7 ± 0.5 years old, completed six activities (ranging from lying supine to running) whilst wearing the GENEActiv accelerometers at two locations (left and right wrist), these being the participants' non-dominant and dominant wrist, and a Cortex face mask for gas analysis...
August 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669312/psychological-distress-among-norwegian-adolescents-changes-between-2001-and-2009-and-associations-with-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-screen-based-sedentary-behaviour
#11
Annette Løvheim Kleppang, Miranda Thurston, Ingeborg Hartz, Curt Hagquist
AIMS: The aim of this work was to examine psychological distress among Norwegian adolescents in relation to changes over time and the associations with leisure time physical activity and screen-based sedentary behaviour. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on data retrieved from the Norwegian Youth Health Surveys in 2001 and 2009 in Hedmark County. Adolescents aged 15-16 years old completed a questionnaire regarding physical activity, sedentary behaviour, psychological distress and other health and lifestyle variables...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662137/associations-between-quality-of-life-and-duration-and-frequency-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-baseline-findings-from-the-walk-2-0-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Gregory S Kolt, Emma S George, Amanda L Rebar, Mitch J Duncan, Corneel Vandelanotte, Cristina M Caperchione, Anthony J Maeder, Rhys Tague, Trevor N Savage, Anetta Van Itallie, Nadeesha R Mawella, Wei-Wen Hsu, W Kerry Mummery, Richard R Rosenkranz
While physical and mental health benefits of regular physical activity are well known, increasing evidence suggests that limiting sedentary behaviour is also important for health. Evidence shows associations of physical activity and sedentary behaviour with health-related quality of life (HRQoL), however, these findings are based predominantly on duration measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviour (e.g., minutes/week), with less attention on frequency measures (e.g., number of bouts). We examined the association of HRQoL with physical activity and sedentary behaviour, using both continuous duration (average daily minutes) and frequency (average daily bouts≥10 min) measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660471/spirituality-religiosity-spr-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-students-at-a-catholic-university
#13
Edward K Waters, Zelda Doyle, Ellen Finlay
Some studies have found an association between spirituality and/or religiosity (SpR) and cardiovascular health, for reasons which remain unclear. This study explores whether SpR is linked to physical activity whilst young, which in turn is linked to long-term cardiovascular health. Students at a Catholic University in Australia completed a survey combining the SpREUK-P SF 17 SpR questionnaire with elements of the long-form 7-day recall International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Respondents who scored highly in the unconventional spiritual practices components of SpREUK-P engaged in moderate intensity physical activity more frequently...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657123/the-role-of-skeletal-muscle-contractile-duration-throughout-the-whole-day-reducing-sedentary-time-and-promoting-universal-physical-activity-in-all-people
#14
Marc Hamilton
A shared goal of many researchers has been to discover how to improve health and prevent disease, through safely replacing a large amount of daily sedentary time with physical activity in everyone, regardless of age and current health status. This process involves contrasting how different muscle contractile activity patterns regulate the underlying molecular and physiological responses impacting health related processes. This process also requires an equal attention to behavioural feasibility studies in extremely unfit and sedentary people...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651179/sedentary-work-and-the-risks-of-colon-and-rectal-cancer-by-anatomical-sub-site-in-the-canadian-census-health-and-environment-cohort-canchec
#15
Manisha Pahwa, M Anne Harris, Jill MacLeod, Michael Tjepkema, Paul A Peters, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is a potential risk factor for colorectal cancer. We examined the association between sedentary work, based on body position, and colorectal cancer risk in Canadians. METHODS: A working body position category (a. sitting; b. standing and walking; c. sitting, standing, and walking; d. other) was assigned to occupations reported by 1991 Canadian Census respondents based on national occupational counselling guidelines. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated for cancers of the colon (overall, proximal, and distal) and rectum in men and women newly diagnosed from 1992 to 2010...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646889/apps-to-improve-diet-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-quality-features-and-behaviour-change-techniques
#16
Stephanie Schoeppe, Stephanie Alley, Amanda L Rebar, Melanie Hayman, Nicola A Bray, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Jens-Peter Gnam, Philip Bachert, Artur Direito, Corneel Vandelanotte
BACKGROUND: The number of commercial apps to improve health behaviours in children is growing rapidly. While this provides opportunities for promoting health, the content and quality of apps targeting children and adolescents is largely unexplored. This review systematically evaluated the content and quality of apps to improve diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children and adolescents, and examined relationships of app quality ratings with number of app features and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645969/protocol-for-the-residents-in-action-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-riat-evaluating-a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-promote-walking-reduce-sitting-and-improve-mental-health-in-physically-inactive-older-adults-in-retirement-villages
#17
Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Ashlene Wright, Eleanor Quested, Elissa Burton, Keith D Hill, Ester Cerin, Stuart J H Biddle, Nikos Ntoumanis
INTRODUCTION: Ageing is accompanied by increased risks of chronic disease, declined functioning and increased dependency. Physical activity is critical to retaining health and independence, but the majority of older people are insufficiently physically active to achieve these benefits and have high levels of sedentary (sitting) time. Activity programmes are often offered in retirement villages; however, their uptake is limited. Furthermore, although the physical environment in and around these villages can play an important role in decisions to be physically active, its role is often overlooked by research in these settings...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645071/television-viewing-and-risk-of-mortality-exploring-the-biological-plausibility
#18
Mark Hamer, Thomas Yates, Panayotes Demakakos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Television (TV) viewing is a major component of leisure sedentary time, and has been consistently associated with cardiovascular disease. We examined the extent to which metabolic biomarkers explain the association between TV viewing and mortality. METHODS: Participants (N = 8,451, aged 64.8 ± 9.9 yrs) were drawn from The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), a national prospective cohort study of community-dwelling men and women living in England...
June 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639063/erratum-to-screen-time-other-sedentary-behaviours-and-obesity-risk-in-adults-a-review-of-reviews
#19
Stuart J H Biddle, Enrique García Bengoechea, Zeljko Pedisic, Jason Bennie, Ineke Vergeer, Glen Wiesner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637722/cross-sectional-surveillance-study-to-phenotype-lorry-drivers-sedentary-behaviours-physical-activity-and-cardio-metabolic-health
#20
Veronica Varela-Mato, Orlagh O'Shea, James A King, Thomas Yates, David J Stensel, Stuart Jh Biddle, Myra A Nimmo, Stacy A Clemes
OBJECTIVES: Elevated risk factors for a number of chronic diseases have been identified in lorry drivers. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours such as a lack of physical activity (PA) and high levels of sedentary behaviour (sitting) likely contribute to this elevated risk. This study behaviourally phenotyped UK lorry drivers' sedentary and non-sedentary behaviours during workdays and non-workdays and examined markers of drivers cardio-metabolic health. SETTING: A transport company from the East Midlands, UK...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
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