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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445485/validity-and-reliability-of-the-physical-activity-questionnaire-for-children-paq-c-and-adolescents-paq-a-in-individuals-with-congenital-heart-disease
#1
Christine Voss, Paige H Dean, Ross F Gardner, Stephanie L Duncombe, Kevin C Harris
OBJECTIVE: To assess the criterion validity, internal consistency, reliability and cut-point for the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C) and Adolescents (PAQ-A) in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease-a special population at high cardiovascular risk in whom physical activity has not been extensively evaluated. METHODS: We included 84 participants (13.6±2.9 yrs, 50% female) with simple (37%), moderate (31%), or severe congenital heart disease (27%), as well as cardiac transplant recipients (6%), from BC Children's Hospital, Canada...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444348/how-physically-active-are-people-following-stroke-systematic-review-and-quantitative-synthesis
#2
Natalie A Fini, Anne E Holland, Jenny Keating, Jacinta Simek, Julie Bernhardt
Background: : Mobility limitations are common following stroke and frequently lead to poor participation in physical activity (PA). Purpose: : To describe PA across the various stages following stroke (acute, subacute and chronic). Data Sources: : Searches were conducted in five databases. Study Selection: : Eligible studies included participants with stroke whose PA was quantitatively measured for at least four hours in a single session...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438202/does-parental-and-adolescent-participation-in-an-e-health-lifestyle-modification-intervention-improves-weight-outcomes
#3
Andrew W Tu, Allison W Watts, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Josie Geller, Rollin Brant, Susan I Barr, Louise Mâsse
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the effect of adherence to a lifestyle intervention on adolescent health outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether adolescent and parental adherence to components of an e-health intervention resulted in change in adolescent body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) z-scores in a sample of overweight/obese adolescents. METHODS: In total, 159 overweight/obese adolescents and their parents participated in an 8-month e-health lifestyle intervention...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438157/age-period-and-cohort-effects-and-the-predictors-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-among-chinese-children-from-2004-to-2011
#4
Xinping Wei, Yu Zang, Xiaodong Jia, Xiangui He, Shurong Zou, Hui Wang, Meihua Shen, Jiajie Zang
BACKGROUND: Very few studies have explored the effects of age, time period, and cohort in association with biological, behavioral, economic, and environmental factors predictors on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) among Chinese children. METHODS: We used data from a cohort study of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) between 2004 and 2011 (2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011). The outcomes of interest were metabolic equivalent of task (MET) hours per week from both active and sedentary activities...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432680/longitudinal-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-preschool-aged-children-with-cerebral-palsy-across-all-functional-levels
#5
Piyapa Keawutan, Kristie L Bell, Stina Oftedal, Robert S Ware, Richard D Stevenson, Peter S W Davies, Roslyn N Boyd
AIM: To investigate longitudinal changes of habitual physical activity (HPA) and sedentary time in children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 1 year 6 months to 5 years across all functional abilities. METHOD: At study entry, 95 children (62 males, 33 females) were classified using the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) at levels I (50), II (9), III (16), IV (6), and V (14). Physical activity was recorded on a total of 159 occasions at four possible time points: 1 year 6 months to 2 years; 2 years 6 months to 3 years; 4 years; and 5 years using ActiGraph for 3 days...
April 22, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427543/changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-following-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd
#6
Rafael Mesquita, Kenneth Meijer, Fabio Pitta, Helena Azcuna, Yvonne M J Goërtz, Johannes M N Essers, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
A more profound investigation about the responses in activity levels following pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with COPD is needed. We aimed to describe groups of patients with COPD according to patterns of change in physical activity and sedentary behaviour following PR. 90 patients with COPD (60% male; mean age 67 ± 8; median FEV1 47 (32-62) %pred) completed a comprehensive PR programme. A triaxial accelerometer was used to assess the time in sedentary behaviour, light activities and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425909/examining-child-sedentary-behaviour-in-the-context-of-children-s-current-multimedia-environment
#7
Anita Forward
No abstract available.
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421472/screen-time-other-sedentary-behaviours-and-obesity-risk-in-adults-a-review-of-reviews
#8
REVIEW
Stuart J H Biddle, Enrique Bengoechea García, Zeljko Pedisic, Jason Bennie, Ineke Vergeer, Glen Wiesner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this paper is to assess the association between sedentary behaviours, including screen time, and risk of obesity in adults. A review of 10 systematic reviews was undertaken. RECENT FINDINGS: Available evidence is generally not supportive of associations between sedentary behaviour and obesity in adults. Most studies that found significant associations indicated mostly small effect sizes. Somewhat more consistent associations were shown for screen time (mainly TV viewing), among older adults, and for pre-adult sedentary behaviour to increase the risk of obesity in adulthood...
April 18, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409397/the-effect-of-high-intensity-aerobic-interval-training-on-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-in-sedentary-populations
#9
Nicholas G Allen, Samuel M Higham, Amy E Mendham, Tegan E Kastelein, Penelope S Larsen, Rob Duffield
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT; 30 s sprint, 4-5 min passive recovery) and prolonged intermittent sprint training (PIST; 10 s sprint, 2-3 min moderate exercise) on the systemic inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), aerobic capacity, and anthropometry in a middle-aged, sedentary population. METHODS: Fifty-five sedentary adults (age 49.2 ± 6.1 years) were randomised into HIIT (n = 20), PIST (n = 21), or a sedentary control group (CTRL n = 14)...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402410/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-self-rated-health-status-in-european-adolescents-results-of-the-euro-urhis-2-survey
#10
Emily Granger, Greg Williams, Francesco Di Nardo, Annie Harrison, Arpana Verma
Engaging in regular physical activity has a beneficial impact on both physical health and on subjective health indicators. The aims of this study were (i) to assess the association between physical activity levels and self-reported health status in European adolescents and (ii) to identify any differences in the distribution of adolescents reporting good health between active and inactive subjects across urban areas. The study sample comprised 13 783 15-year olds from 21 urban areas across Europe who participated in the European Urban Health Indicators System Part 2 youth survey in 2010/11...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401687/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-promote-physical-activity-and-or-decrease-sedentary-behaviour-among-rural-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
V Cleland, K Squibb, L Stephens, J Dalby, A Timperio, T Winzenberg, K Ball, J Dollman
Physical inactivity and overweight and obesity are more prevalent among rural than urban populations. This study aimed to review published evidence of the effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity (PA) and/or decrease sedentary behaviour (SB) among rural adults and to identify factors associated with effectiveness. Seven electronic databases were searched for controlled trials of a PA or SB intervention. Meta-analysis was conducted using random effects models and meta-regression. Thirteen studies were included in the qualitative synthesis (n = 4,848 participants) and 12 in the meta-analysis (n = 4,820)...
April 11, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399803/dancing-in-time-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-contemporary-dance-programme-to-modify-risk-factors-for-falling-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#12
Laura Britten, Christine Addington, Sarah Astill
BACKGROUND: Falls are a common cause of injury in older adults, with the prevention of falls being a priority for public health departments around the world. This study investigated the feasibility, and impact of an 8 week contemporary dance programme on modifiable physical (physical activity status, mobility, sedentary behaviour patterns) and psychosocial (depressive state, fear of falling) risk factors for falls. METHODS: An uncontrolled 'pre-post' intervention design was used...
April 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399581/-recommendations-for-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-for-children-and-adolescents-methods-database-and-rationale
#13
Christine Graf, Nina Ferrari, Ralph Beneke, Wilhelm Bloch, Stefanie Eiser, Benjamin Koch, Wolfgang Lawrenz, Susanne Krug, Kristin Manz, Renate Oberhoffer, Günter Stibbe, Alexander Woll
The benefits of physical activity and a reduction of sedentary behaviour in childhood and adolescence are well established.Based on a quality-assured literature review, the German recommendations were updated. Guidelines for infants, toddlers, children of kindergarten and primary school age and youth are clearly depictedIn general, a higher amount of physical activity is associated with more health benefits. Preschool age children should have 180 min of physical activity daily, and from primary school age on, at least 90 min daily are recommended...
March 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398519/sedentary-behaviour-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-definition-measurement-and-implications-for-health
#14
Sally A M Fenton, Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Joan L Duda, George S Metsios, George D Kitas
RA is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by high grade-inflammation, and associated with elevated cardiovascular risk, rheumatoid-cachexia and functional impairment. Sedentary behaviour (SB) is linked to heightened inflammation, and is highly pervasive in RA, likely as a result of compromised physical function and persistent fatigue. This high sedentarity may exacerbate the inflammatory process in RA, and hold relevance for disease-related outcomes. The aim of this narrative review is to provide an overview of the definition, measurement and health relevance of SB in the context of RA...
April 7, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394185/physical-activity-and-exercise-priorities-in-community-dwelling-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-delphi-study
#15
Andrea Stennett, Lorraine De Souza, Meriel Norris
AIMS: Exercise and physical activity have been found to be beneficial in managing disabilities caused by multiple sclerosis. Despite the known benefits, many people with multiple sclerosis are inactive. This study aimed to identify the prioritised exercise and physical activity practices of people with multiple sclerosis living in the community and the reasons why they are engaged in these activities. METHODS: A four Round Delphi questionnaire scoped and determined consensus of priorities for the top 10 exercise and physical activities and the reasons why people with multiple sclerosis (n = 101) are engaged in these activities...
April 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393903/medium-term-impact-of-the-economic-crisis-on-mortality-health-related-behaviours-and-access-to-healthcare-in-greece
#16
Filippos T Filippidis, Vasiliki Gerovasili, Christopher Millett, Yannis Tountas
Previous studies on the health consequences of the crisis in Greece investigated short-term impacts on selected outcomes. This study examined the impact of the crisis on a key set of health indicators with longer follow up than previous studies. We conducted interrupted time series (ITS) analysis to compare trends in standardised mortality by cause before and during the crisis. We examined changes in fruit and vegetable consumption, smoking, physical activity, obesity, out-of-pocket payments and unmet needs for healthcare using national household data from the "Hellas Health" surveys...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391233/taxonomy-of-self-reported-sedentary-behaviour-tools-tasst-framework-for-development-comparison-and-evaluation-of-self-report-tools-content-analysis-and-systematic-review
#17
P M Dall, E H Coulter, C F Fitzsimons, D A Skelton, Sfm Chastin
OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behaviour (SB) has distinct deleterious health outcomes, yet there is no consensus on best practice for measurement. This study aimed to identify the optimal self-report tool for population surveillance of SB, using a systematic framework. DESIGN: A framework, TAxonomy of Self-reported Sedentary behaviour Tools (TASST), consisting of four domains (type of assessment, recall period, temporal unit and assessment period), was developed based on a systematic inventory of existing tools...
April 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388271/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-the-risk-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-school-aged-children
#18
Eimear Keane, Xia Li, Janas M Harrington, Anthony P Fitzgerald, Ivan J Perry, Patricia M Kearney
PURPOSE: Globally, public health policies are targeting modifiable lifestyle behaviours. We explore the independent association of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour on the risk of childhood overweight/obesity. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey of children aged 8-11 years (N=826). Objective body mass index was used to classify children as normal weight or overweight/obese. Children wore wrist-worn Geneactiv accelerometers for 7-days and thresholds were applied to categorise MVPA and sedentary time...
April 7, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384105/effect-of-training-at-lactate-threshold-intensity-on-maximal-time-to-exhaustion-depression-and-anxiety-behaviour-of-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-after-kainate-induced-status-epilepticus
#19
Katerina N Georgieva, Margarita S Hadjieva, Mihaela S Shishmanova-Doseva, Dora D Terzieva, Nikola G Georgiev, Georgi G Andreev, Jana D Tchekalarova
AIM: The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of treadmill training at lactate threshold intensity on maximum time to exhaustion (MTE) and heart rate (HR) as well as behavioral changes after kainate (KA)-induced status epilepticus (SE) of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male SHRs were divided in four groups: two sedentary (vehicle- and KA-treated) and two exercised (vehicle- and KA-treated), respectively. The exercised rats were trained on a treadmill at a speed of 20 m...
March 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381219/cardiorespiratory-fitness-levels-and-associations-with-physical-activity-and-body-composition-in-young-south-african-adults-from-soweto
#20
A Prioreschi, S Brage, K Westgate, S A Norris, L K Micklesfield
BACKGROUND: This observational study aims to describe fitness, and objectively measured physical activity levels and patterns in 409 young black South African adults (aged 19-20 years) from Soweto, as well as to examine associations between physical activity, fitness and BMI. METHODS: A sub-maximal ramped step test was used to obtain an estimate of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Physical activity was measured using ActiGraph (GT1M) for 7 days in 256 participants...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
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