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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318630/conflict-of-interest-related-to-clinical-practice-is-under-reported-the-case-of-non-invasive-prenatal-testing
#1
Adam J Wolfberg
Authors of policy statements from the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and from the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine do not acknowledge the potential for their clinical income to influence their opinions, or the positions of the societies they represent. These policy statements were published in Obstetrics and Gynecology and the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, again, without acknowledgement of the potential for conflict of interest. The case of non-invasive prenatal testing, which has threatened the role of maternal-fetal medicine in the practice of prenatal screening and diagnosis, and has significantly reduced the demand for invasive prenatal diagnosis, illustrates the importance of identifying this potential conflict...
January 9, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280729/occupational-therapy-interventions-for-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Catherine Verrier Piersol, Lou Jensen, Deborah Lieberman, Marian Arbesman
Evidence Connection articles provide a clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA's) Evidence-Based Practice Project. In this Evidence Connection article, we describe a case report of a person with Alzheimer's disease. The occupational therapy assessment and intervention process in the home setting is described. Findings from the systematic reviews on this topic were published in the November/December 2017 issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy and in AOTA's Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Adults With Alzheimer's Disease and Related Major Neurocognitive Disorders...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198846/utilization-of-the-bologna-criteria-a%C3%A2-promise-unfulfilled-a-review-of-published-and-unpublished-ongoing-trials
#3
Aysen Boza, Sule Yildiz Oguz, Selim Misirlioglu, Kayhan Yakin, Bulent Urman
OBJECTIVE: To study the use of the Bologna criteria (BC) for the definition of poor ovarian responders (POR) in clinical practice and research. DESIGN: Systematic review of published and unpublished/ongoing trials between January 2012 and August 2017 on POR. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Not applicable. INTERVENTION(S): The databases were searched using the relevant medical subject headings including all subheadings...
November 29, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195584/health-care-associated-infections-studies-project-an-american-journal-of-infection-control-and-national-healthcare-safety-network-data-quality-collaboration
#4
Katherine Allen-Bridson, Cindy Gross, Angela Anttila, Janet E Brooks, Joan N Hebden, Denise Leaptrot, Georganne Ryan, Eileen Scalise, Henrietta Smith, Marc-Oliver Wright
This case study is part of a series centered on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) health care-associated infection (HAI) surveillance definitions. This specific case study focuses on the definitions and protocols used to make HAI infection determinations, such as the infection window period and secondary bloodstream infection attribution period. The case reflects the real-life and complex patient scenarios that infection preventionists (IPs) face when identifying and reporting HAIs to NHSN...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150902/wieacker-wolff-syndrome-with-associated-cleft-palate-in-a-female-case
#5
Natalie D Godfrey, Samandar Dowlatshahi, Madelena M Martin, Douglas M Rothkopf
Wieacker-Wolff syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome with few reported cases in the current literature. It is traditionally described in males as an X-linked recessive disorder associated with congenital contractures of the feet, progressive neurologic muscular atrophy, and intellectual delay caused by ZC4H2 mutations. The purpose of this paper is to present a female individual with a classic phenotype and cleft palate, a previously undescribed finding in this syndrome. Recent reports have demonstrated that females are rarely severely affected and phenotypic expression is difficult to predict [Zanzottera et al...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150230/cesarean-birth-what-s-in-a-name
#6
L Ni, A Elsaharty, I McConachie
BACKGROUND: Cesarean birth is known as both cesarean section (CS) or cesarean delivery (CD). The International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia (IJOA) is the leading obstetric anesthesia journal, and a barometer of attitudes within the profession. The journal recently published the hundredth issue, spanning 25 years (to December 2016). It is an opportune time to examine the evolution of surgical birth terminology (CS versus CD) during that period. METHODS: We examined 1583 articles in IJOA, subdividing them into editorials, papers, review articles, debates and case reports...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114588/astro-s-advances-in-radiation-oncology-success-to-date-and-future-plans
#7
Robert C Miller, Sharad Goyal, Shearwood McClelland, Sabin Motwani, Charles Mayo, Tasneem Kaleem, Gregory Videtic, Kathleen Hintenlang
ASTRO's Advances in Radiation Oncology was launched as a new, peer-reviewed scientific journal in December 2015. More than 200 manuscripts have been submitted and 97 accepted for publication as of May 2017. As Advances enters its second year of publication, we have chosen to highlight subjects that will transform the way we practice radiation oncology in special issues or ongoing series: immunotherapy, biomedical analytics, and social media. A teaching case report contest for North American radiation oncology residents will be launched at American Society of Radiation Oncology 2017 to encourage participation in scientific publication by trainees early in their careers...
July 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110114/medical-humanities-teaching-in-north-american-allopathic-and-osteopathic-medical-schools
#8
Craig M Klugman
Although the AAMC requires annual reporting of medical humanities teaching, most literature is based on single-school case reports and studies using information reported on schools' websites. This study sought to discover what medical humanities is offered in North American allopathic and osteopathic undergraduate medical schools. An 18-question, semi-structured survey was distributed to all 146 (as of June 2016) member schools of the American Association of Medical Colleges and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967334/when-is-cone-beam-computed-tomography-imaging-appropriate-for-diagnostic-inquiry-in-the-management-of-inflammatory-periodontitis-an-american-academy-of-periodontology-best-evidence-review
#9
David M Kim, Seyed Hossein Bassir
BACKGROUND: Clinical and radiographic examinations are essential in establishing correct periodontal diagnoses as well as providing appropriate treatment options. Current radiographic examinations, however, do not provide adequate information regarding the severity of periodontal disease, presenting a need to investigate alternative methods. The aim of this best evidence consensus is to determine when cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging is appropriate for diagnostic inquiry in the management of inflammatory periodontitis...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922427/knowledge-evolution-in-physics-research-an-analysis-of-bibliographic-coupling-networks
#10
Wenyuan Liu, Andrea Nanetti, Siew Ann Cheong
Even as we advance the frontiers of physics knowledge, our understanding of how this knowledge evolves remains at the descriptive levels of Popper and Kuhn. Using the American Physical Society (APS) publications data sets, we ask in this paper how new knowledge is built upon old knowledge. We do so by constructing year-to-year bibliographic coupling networks, and identify in them validated communities that represent different research fields. We then visualize their evolutionary relationships in the form of alluvial diagrams, and show how they remain intact through APS journal splits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624899/neuropsychological-measures-in-the-arab-world-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Ahmed F Fasfous, Haya F Al-Joudi, Antonio E Puente, Miguel Pérez-García
Although Arabic is one of the most widely used languages in the world, little is known on the availability of standardized neuropsychological tests in Arabic. We review the literature published before 2016, using the keywords Arab*, cogniti*, and neuropsycholo*, as well as keywords for each Arab country. PubMed, PsycINFO, Education Source, Academic Search Complete, Education Resources Information Center, Shamaa, and Arabpsynet databases were searched, in addition to a selected number of Arabic medical and educational journals...
June 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512410/rrx-001-priming-of-pd-1-inhibition-in-the-treatment-of-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vagina-a-rare-gynecological-tumor
#12
Christina Brzezniak, Bryan Oronsky, Jane Trepel, Thomas A Summers, Pedro Cabrales, Min-Jung Lee, Regina Day, Saheli Jha, Scott Caroen, Karen Zeman, Lindsey Ferry, Cindy Harmer, Neil Oronsky, Michelle Lybeck, Harry E Lybeck, James F Brown, Tony R Reid, Corey A Carter
Small cell carcinoma of the vagina is rare, so rare in fact that the total number reported in English-language journals is less than 30. Due to this extremely low incidence, no specific treatment guidelines have been established, and most of what is clinically known is derived from a handful of single case reports. However, as befitting its highly aggressive histologic features, which are reminiscent of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), first-line treatment is modeled after SCLC. Herein is reported the case of a 51-year-old African-American patient with metastatic biopsy-proven small cell carcinoma of the vagina that progressed through multiple therapies: first-line cisplatin and etoposide (making it platinum-resistant) and radiotherapy, followed by the tumor macrophage-stimulating agent RRx-001 in a clinical trial called QUADRUPLE THREAT, which per protocol preceded a mandated rechallenge with cisplatin and etoposide...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497491/male-child-with-somatic-mosaic-osteopathia-striata-with-cranial-sclerosis-caused-by-a-novel-pathogenic-amer1-frameshift-mutation
#13
Jennifer Hague, Isabelle Delon, Kim Brugger, Howard Martin, Leanne Sparnon, Ingrid Simonic, Stephen Abbs, Soo-Mi Park
Osteopathia striata with cranial sclerosis (OSCS; OMIM #300373) is a rare X-linked dominant condition caused by mutations in the AMER1 gene (also known as WTX or FAM123B). It is a condition which usually affects females in whom the clinical phenotype can be extremely variable. Conversely affected males typically die in utero or during the neonatal period [Perdu et al. (); Clinical Genetics 80: 383-388; Vasiljevic et al. (); Prenatal Diagnosis 35: 302-304]. There have been a small number of reported cases of surviving males, including three patients who are somatic mosaic for the condition [Chénier, Noor, Dupuis, Stavropoulos, & Mendoza-Londono, (); American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 158A: 2946-2952; Holman et al...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493948/gender-bias-in-clinical-case-reports-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-big-five-medical-journals
#14
Pascale Allotey, Caitlin Allotey-Reidpath, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Gender bias in medical journals can affect the science and the benefit to patients. It has never been investigated in clinical case reports. The oversight is important because of the role clinical case reports play in hypothesis generation and medical education. We investigated contemporary gender bias in case reports for the highest ranked journals in general and internal medicine. METHODS: PubMed case reports data from 2011 to 2016 were extracted for the Annals of Internal Medicine, British Medical Journal, the Journal of the American Medical Association, The Lancet, and New England Journal of Medicine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407363/de-novo-unbalanced-translocation-4p-duplication-8p-deletion-in-a-patient-with-autism-ocd-and-overgrowth-syndrome
#15
Angela Sagar, Dalila Pinto, Fedra Najjar, Stephen J Guter, Carol Macmillan, Edwin H Cook
Chromosomal abnormalities, such as unbalanced translocations and copy number variants (CNVs), are found in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) [Sanders et al. (2011) Neuron 70: 863-885]. Many chromosomal abnormalities, including sub microscopic genomic deletions and duplications, are missed by G-banded karyotyping or Fragile X screening alone and are picked up by chromosomal microarrays [Shen et al. (2010) Pediatrics 125: e727-735]. Translocations involving chromosomes 4 and 8 are possibly the second most frequent translocation in humans and are often undetected in routine cytogenetics [Giglio et al...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402326/chocolate-intake-and-diabetes-risk-in-postmenopausal-american-women
#16
J A Greenberg, J E Manson, L Tinker, M L Neuhouser, L Garcia, M Z Vitolins, L S Phillips
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent long-term prospective cohort studies found inverse associations between chocolate consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes, but provided conflicting evidence on the nature of the association among women. To assess this association in a large cohort of American women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Multivariable Cox regression was used with the data from 92 678 postmenopausal women in the prospective Women's Health Initiative study. Chocolate intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire...
September 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349606/from-moment-to-movement-empowerment-and-resilience-as-a-framework-for-collective-action-in-hong-kong
#17
Wing Y Chan, Lauren B Cattaneo, Winnie Wing Sze Mak, Wan-Ying Lin
The Transconceptual Model of Empowerment and Resilience (American Journal of Community Psychology, 52, 2013, 333) suggests that a set of resilience and empowerment resources fuel both initial and sustained participation in collective action. Using the case study of a prodemocracy movement in Hong Kong, the present study focused on the subset of those resources that are relevant in ongoing collective action: efficacy, skills, and maintenance. As individuals possess varying combinations of these resources, the present study utilized latent profile analysis to test how patterns of empowerment and resilience resources influence initial and long-term collective action...
March 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341089/corrigendum-to-malignant-transformation-of-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumor-two-case-reports-american-journal-of-otolaryngology-34-2013-357-361
#18
Bernard Tan, Sok Yan Tay, Lee Shermin, Kwa Chong Teck, Poon Choy Yoke, Christopher Goh, Abhilash Balakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253424/botulinum-toxin-for-the-treatment-of-strabismus
#19
REVIEW
Fiona J Rowe, Carmel P Noonan
BACKGROUND: The use of botulinum toxin as an investigative and treatment modality for strabismus is well reported in the medical literature. However, it is unclear how effective it is in comparison to other treatment options for strabismus. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to examine the efficacy of botulinum toxin therapy in the treatment of strabismus compared with alternative conservative or surgical treatment options. This review sought to ascertain those types of strabismus that particularly benefit from the use of botulinum toxin as a treatment option (such as small angle strabismus or strabismus with binocular potential, i...
March 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242768/american-orthopaedic-foot-and-ankle-society-aofas-ankle-hindfoot-score-a-study-protocol-for-the-translation-and-validation-of-the-dutch-language-version
#20
Esther M M Van Lieshout, A Siebe De Boer, Duncan E Meuffels, P Ted Den Hoed, Cornelis H Van der Vlies, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Michael H J Verhofstad
INTRODUCTION: The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot Score is among the most commonly used instruments for measuring the outcome of treatment in patients who sustained a complex ankle or hindfoot injury. It combines a clinician-reported and a patient-reported part. A valid Dutch version of this instrument is currently not available. Such a translated and validated instrument would allow objective comparison across hospitals or between patient groups, and with shown validity and reliability it may become a quality of care indicator in future...
February 27, 2017: BMJ Open
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