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american journal of case report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114588/astro-s-advances-in-radiation-oncology-success-to-date-and-future-plans
#1
Robert C Miller, Sharad Goyal, Shearwood McClelland, Sabin Motwani, Charles Mayo, Tasneem Kaleem, Gregory Videtic, Kathleen Hintenlang
ASTRO's Advances in Radiation Oncology was launched as a new, peer-reviewed scientific journal in December 2015. More than 200 manuscripts have been submitted and 97 accepted for publication as of May 2017. As Advances enters its second year of publication, we have chosen to highlight subjects that will transform the way we practice radiation oncology in special issues or ongoing series: immunotherapy, biomedical analytics, and social media. A teaching case report contest for North American radiation oncology residents will be launched at American Society of Radiation Oncology 2017 to encourage participation in scientific publication by trainees early in their careers...
July 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110114/medical-humanities-teaching-in-north-american-allopathic-and-osteopathic-medical-schools
#2
Craig M Klugman
Although the AAMC requires annual reporting of medical humanities teaching, most literature is based on single-school case reports and studies using information reported on schools' websites. This study sought to discover what medical humanities is offered in North American allopathic and osteopathic undergraduate medical schools. An 18-question, semi-structured survey was distributed to all 146 (as of June 2016) member schools of the American Association of Medical Colleges and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967334/when-is-cone-beam-computed-tomography-imaging-appropriate-for-diagnostic-inquiry-in-the-management-of-inflammatory-periodontitis-an-american-academy-of-periodontology-best-evidence-review
#3
David M Kim, Seyed Hossein Bassir
BACKGROUND: Clinical and radiographic examinations are essential in establishing correct periodontal diagnoses as well as providing appropriate treatment options. Current radiographic examinations, however, do not provide adequate information regarding the severity of periodontal disease, presenting a need to investigate alternative methods. The aim of this best evidence consensus is to determine when cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging is appropriate for diagnostic inquiry in the management of inflammatory periodontitis...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922427/knowledge-evolution-in-physics-research-an-analysis-of-bibliographic-coupling-networks
#4
Wenyuan Liu, Andrea Nanetti, Siew Ann Cheong
Even as we advance the frontiers of physics knowledge, our understanding of how this knowledge evolves remains at the descriptive levels of Popper and Kuhn. Using the American Physical Society (APS) publications data sets, we ask in this paper how new knowledge is built upon old knowledge. We do so by constructing year-to-year bibliographic coupling networks, and identify in them validated communities that represent different research fields. We then visualize their evolutionary relationships in the form of alluvial diagrams, and show how they remain intact through APS journal splits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624899/neuropsychological-measures-in-the-arab-world-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Ahmed F Fasfous, Haya F Al-Joudi, Antonio E Puente, Miguel Pérez-García
Although Arabic is one of the most widely used languages in the world, little is known on the availability of standardized neuropsychological tests in Arabic. We review the literature published before 2016, using the keywords Arab*, cogniti*, and neuropsycholo*, as well as keywords for each Arab country. PubMed, PsycINFO, Education Source, Academic Search Complete, Education Resources Information Center, Shamaa, and Arabpsynet databases were searched, in addition to a selected number of Arabic medical and educational journals...
June 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512410/rrx-001-priming-of-pd-1-inhibition-in-the-treatment-of-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vagina-a-rare-gynecological-tumor
#6
Christina Brzezniak, Bryan Oronsky, Jane Trepel, Thomas A Summers, Pedro Cabrales, Min-Jung Lee, Regina Day, Saheli Jha, Scott Caroen, Karen Zeman, Lindsey Ferry, Cindy Harmer, Neil Oronsky, Michelle Lybeck, Harry E Lybeck, James F Brown, Tony R Reid, Corey A Carter
Small cell carcinoma of the vagina is rare, so rare in fact that the total number reported in English-language journals is less than 30. Due to this extremely low incidence, no specific treatment guidelines have been established, and most of what is clinically known is derived from a handful of single case reports. However, as befitting its highly aggressive histologic features, which are reminiscent of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), first-line treatment is modeled after SCLC. Herein is reported the case of a 51-year-old African-American patient with metastatic biopsy-proven small cell carcinoma of the vagina that progressed through multiple therapies: first-line cisplatin and etoposide (making it platinum-resistant) and radiotherapy, followed by the tumor macrophage-stimulating agent RRx-001 in a clinical trial called QUADRUPLE THREAT, which per protocol preceded a mandated rechallenge with cisplatin and etoposide...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497491/male-child-with-somatic-mosaic-osteopathia-striata-with-cranial-sclerosis-caused-by-a-novel-pathogenic-amer1-frameshift-mutation
#7
Jennifer Hague, Isabelle Delon, Kim Brugger, Howard Martin, Leanne Sparnon, Ingrid Simonic, Stephen Abbs, Soo-Mi Park
Osteopathia striata with cranial sclerosis (OSCS; OMIM #300373) is a rare X-linked dominant condition caused by mutations in the AMER1 gene (also known as WTX or FAM123B). It is a condition which usually affects females in whom the clinical phenotype can be extremely variable. Conversely affected males typically die in utero or during the neonatal period [Perdu et al. (); Clinical Genetics 80: 383-388; Vasiljevic et al. (); Prenatal Diagnosis 35: 302-304]. There have been a small number of reported cases of surviving males, including three patients who are somatic mosaic for the condition [Chénier, Noor, Dupuis, Stavropoulos, & Mendoza-Londono, (); American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 158A: 2946-2952; Holman et al...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493948/gender-bias-in-clinical-case-reports-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-big-five-medical-journals
#8
Pascale Allotey, Caitlin Allotey-Reidpath, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Gender bias in medical journals can affect the science and the benefit to patients. It has never been investigated in clinical case reports. The oversight is important because of the role clinical case reports play in hypothesis generation and medical education. We investigated contemporary gender bias in case reports for the highest ranked journals in general and internal medicine. METHODS: PubMed case reports data from 2011 to 2016 were extracted for the Annals of Internal Medicine, British Medical Journal, the Journal of the American Medical Association, The Lancet, and New England Journal of Medicine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407363/de-novo-unbalanced-translocation-4p-duplication-8p-deletion-in-a-patient-with-autism-ocd-and-overgrowth-syndrome
#9
Angela Sagar, Dalila Pinto, Fedra Najjar, Stephen J Guter, Carol Macmillan, Edwin H Cook
Chromosomal abnormalities, such as unbalanced translocations and copy number variants (CNVs), are found in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) [Sanders et al. (2011) Neuron 70: 863-885]. Many chromosomal abnormalities, including sub microscopic genomic deletions and duplications, are missed by G-banded karyotyping or Fragile X screening alone and are picked up by chromosomal microarrays [Shen et al. (2010) Pediatrics 125: e727-735]. Translocations involving chromosomes 4 and 8 are possibly the second most frequent translocation in humans and are often undetected in routine cytogenetics [Giglio et al...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402326/chocolate-intake-and-diabetes-risk-in-postmenopausal-american-women
#10
J A Greenberg, J E Manson, L Tinker, M L Neuhouser, L Garcia, M Z Vitolins, L S Phillips
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent long-term prospective cohort studies found inverse associations between chocolate consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes, but provided conflicting evidence on the nature of the association among women. To assess this association in a large cohort of American women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Multivariable Cox regression was used with the data from 92 678 postmenopausal women in the prospective Women's Health Initiative study. Chocolate intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire...
September 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349606/from-moment-to-movement-empowerment-and-resilience-as-a-framework-for-collective-action-in-hong-kong
#11
Wing Y Chan, Lauren B Cattaneo, Winnie Wing Sze Mak, Wan-Ying Lin
The Transconceptual Model of Empowerment and Resilience (American Journal of Community Psychology, 52, 2013, 333) suggests that a set of resilience and empowerment resources fuel both initial and sustained participation in collective action. Using the case study of a prodemocracy movement in Hong Kong, the present study focused on the subset of those resources that are relevant in ongoing collective action: efficacy, skills, and maintenance. As individuals possess varying combinations of these resources, the present study utilized latent profile analysis to test how patterns of empowerment and resilience resources influence initial and long-term collective action...
March 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341089/corrigendum-to-malignant-transformation-of-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumor-two-case-reports-american-journal-of-otolaryngology-34-2013-357-361
#12
Bernard Tan, Sok Yan Tay, Lee Shermin, Kwa Chong Teck, Poon Choy Yoke, Christopher Goh, Abhilash Balakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253424/botulinum-toxin-for-the-treatment-of-strabismus
#13
REVIEW
Fiona J Rowe, Carmel P Noonan
BACKGROUND: The use of botulinum toxin as an investigative and treatment modality for strabismus is well reported in the medical literature. However, it is unclear how effective it is in comparison to other treatment options for strabismus. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to examine the efficacy of botulinum toxin therapy in the treatment of strabismus compared with alternative conservative or surgical treatment options. This review sought to ascertain those types of strabismus that particularly benefit from the use of botulinum toxin as a treatment option (such as small angle strabismus or strabismus with binocular potential, i...
March 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242768/american-orthopaedic-foot-and-ankle-society-aofas-ankle-hindfoot-score-a-study-protocol-for-the-translation-and-validation-of-the-dutch-language-version
#14
Esther M M Van Lieshout, A Siebe De Boer, Duncan E Meuffels, P Ted Den Hoed, Cornelis H Van der Vlies, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Michael H J Verhofstad
INTRODUCTION: The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot Score is among the most commonly used instruments for measuring the outcome of treatment in patients who sustained a complex ankle or hindfoot injury. It combines a clinician-reported and a patient-reported part. A valid Dutch version of this instrument is currently not available. Such a translated and validated instrument would allow objective comparison across hospitals or between patient groups, and with shown validity and reliability it may become a quality of care indicator in future...
February 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145906/safety-of-tofacitinib-in-the-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-latin-america-compared-with-the-rest-of-the-world-population
#15
Oswaldo M Castañeda, Felix J Romero, Ariel Salinas, Gustavo Citera, Eduardo Mysler, Oscar Rillo, Sebastiao C Radominski, Mario H Cardiel, Juan J Jaller, Carlos Alvarez-Moreno, Dario Ponce de Leon, Graciela Castelli, Erika G García, Kenneth Kwok, Ricardo Rojo
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, autoimmune disease characterized by joint destruction. Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of RA. This post hoc analysis assessed the safety of tofacitinib in Latin American (LA) patients with RA versus the Rest of World (RoW) population. METHODS: Data were pooled from 14 clinical studies of tofacitinib: six Phase 2, six Phase 3 and two long-term extension studies. Incidence rates (IRs; patients with events/100 patient-years of treatment exposure) were calculated for safety events of special interest combined across tofacitinib doses...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145427/variability-in-assigning-pathogenicity-to-incidental-findings-insights-from-ldlr-sequence-linked-to-the-electronic-health-record-in-1013-individuals
#16
Maya S Safarova, Eric W Klee, Linnea M Baudhuin, Erin M Winkler, Michelle L Kluge, Suzette J Bielinski, Janet E Olson, Iftikhar J Kullo
Knowledge of variant pathogenicity is key to implementing genomic medicine. We describe variability between expert reviewers in assigning pathogenicity to sequence variants in LDLR, the causal gene in the majority of cases of familial hypercholesterolemia. LDLR was sequenced on the Illumina HiSeq platform (average read depth >200 × ) in 1013 Mayo Biobank participants recruited from 2012 to 2013. Variants with a minor allele frequency (MAF) <5% predicted to be functional or referenced in HGMD (Human Gene Mutation Database) or NCBI-ClinVar databases were reviewed...
April 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112784/current-trends-in-the-management-of-distal-radius-fractures
#17
Adam E M Eltorai, Andrew D Sobel, Nathan P Thomas, Alan H Daniels, Christopher T Born
This article discusses recent reports on distal radius fractures. The keyword "distal radius fracture" was used to query the PubMed database of the US National Library of Medicine. From the resulting list, articles published in the Journal of Hand Surgery (American Volume), the Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume), and the Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma from April 2014 through December 2015 were reviewed. Related commentaries were also evaluated. Case series of fewer than 5 patients were excluded. The 65 studies and commentaries identified are categorized and summarized...
May 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107475/review-and-analysis-of-publication-trends-over-three-decades-in-three-high-impact-medicine-journals
#18
Alexander Ivanov, Beata A Kaczkowska, Saadat A Khan, Jean Ho, Morteza Tavakol, Ashok Prasad, Geetha Bhumireddy, Allan F Beall, Igor Klem, Parag Mehta, William M Briggs, Terrence J Sacchi, John F Heitner
CONTEXT: Over the past three decades, industry sponsored research expanded in the United States. Financial incentives can lead to potential conflicts of interest (COI) resulting in underreporting of negative study results. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that over the three decades, there would be an increase in: a) reporting of conflict of interest and source of funding; b) percentage of randomized control trials c) number of patients per study and d) industry funding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052113/zoonoses-in-veterinary-students-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Antonio Sánchez, Miranda Prats-van der Ham, Juan Tatay-Dualde, Ana Paterna, Christian de la Fe, Ángel Gómez-Martín, Juan C Corrales, Antonio Contreras
BACKGROUND: Veterinary students face diverse potential sources of zoonotic pathogens since the first years of their academic degree. Such sources include different animal species and pathologic materials which are used at university facilities as well as commercial clinics, farms and other external facilities. OBJECTIVES: The present study utilizes a systematic review of the literature to identify zoonoses described in veterinary students. DATA SOURCES: Web of Science and PubMed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029320/pulmonary-infiltrates-in-a-patient-with-advanced-melanoma
#20
REVIEW
Charles A Powell
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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