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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245188/the-unmet-needs-of-aboriginal-australians-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#1
Ivan B Lin, Samantha Bunzli, Donna B Mak, Charmaine Green, Roger Goucke, Juli Coffin, Peter B O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) conditions are the biggest cause of disability and internationally, Indigenous peoples experience a higher burden. There are conflicting reports about Aboriginal Australians and MSP. We conducted a systematic review to describe the prevalence, associated factors, impacts, care access, health care experiences, and factors associated with MSP among Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: A systematic search of quantitative and qualitative scientific and grey literature (PROSPERO number: CRD42016038342)...
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245187/news-on-relapsing-polychondritis-the-patients-experience
#2
EDITORIAL
Jean-Charles Piette, Jérémie Dion, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau
In this issue of Arthritis Care & Research, the authors of Patient-Perception of Disease-Related Symptoms and Complications in Relapsing Polychondritis report for the first time the patient's view over the disease (1). Thanks go to them for this important step forward. The method used however, carries some limitations, as indicated very honestly by the authors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245177/microplastics-as-an-emerging-threat-to-terrestrial-ecosystems
#3
Anderson Abel de Souza Machado, Werner Kloas, Christiane Zarfl, Stefan Hempel, Matthias C Rillig
Microplastics (plastics < 5 mm, including nanoplastics which are < 0.1 μm) originate from the fragmentation of large plastic litter or from direct environmental emission. Their potential impacts in terrestrial ecosystems remain largely unexplored despite numerous reported effects on marine organisms. Most plastics arriving in the oceans were produced, used, and often disposed on land. Hence, it is within terrestrial systems that microplastics might first interact with biota eliciting ecologically relevant impacts...
December 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245173/patient-perception-of-disease-related-symptoms-and-complications-in-relapsing-polychondritis
#4
Marcela A Ferrada, Peter C Grayson, Shubhasree Banerjee, Keith Sikora, Robert Colbert, Ninet Sinaii, James D Katz
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient-reported symptoms and burden of disease in relapsing polychondritis (RP). METHODS: Patients with RP completed a disease-specific online survey to identify symptoms attributed to illness. Patients were divided into subgroups based upon presence or absence of ear/nose, airway, or joint involvement. Pathway to diagnosis, treatment, and disease-related complications were assessed within each subgroup. RESULTS: Data from 304 respondents were included in this analysis...
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245170/-consequences-of-a-failed-project-introduction-and-management-of-a-hospitalization-substituting-treatment-model
#5
Uwe Peters
This article is a report on a psychiatric project introducing services that substitute in-patient treatment and a new control and management system. The implementation of the project was a failure. Nevertheless, the project has made a contribution to further development of community-based psychiatry. Design, organization and course of the project are described and analyzed from the point of view of the communal actors involved. Effects going beyond the time course of the project have been taken into consideration...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245169/-mistakes-and-drawbacks-in-german-newspaper-articles-on-epidemiologic-studies-meat-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-as-an-example
#6
Bernd Kowall, Andreas Stang
Background Results of epidemiologic studies are often reported in the media because they are of vital interest for many people. Using the example of meat consumption and colorectal cancer, we investigated whether results of epidemiologic studies are reported in an understandable and correct manner in German newspapers and magazines. Methods We gathered all articles published in 13 selected German newspapers and magazines that referred to a press release on meat consumption and colorectal cancer issued by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) on October 26th 2015...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245167/-are-we-really-as-happy-as-we-think-we-are-a-critical-examination-of-work-satisfaction-in-a-university-pediatric-hospital
#7
Andreas Hiemisch, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Gesine Grande, Elmar Brähler, Wieland Kiess
Goals Despite numerous reported deficits and an increasingly tense working environment in German hospitals, employees themselves often assess their job satisfaction as being high to very high. Hence, the board of directors does not have important arguments for sustainable improvement of working conditions. This discrepancy between working conditions and subjective satisfaction was the motivation for this work. Methods Data were acquired via an attitude survey at the University Hospital for Children and Adolescents Leipzig, with employees sub-divided into medical, nursing and administrative/technical staff...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245164/lumen-apposing-metal-stent-for-pediatric-use-report-of-a-challenging-case
#8
Massimiliano Mutignani, Edoardo Forti, Alberto Tringali, Marcello Cintolo, Diego Falchetti, Vincenzo Argento, Lorenzo Dioscoridi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245154/acute-procedural-outcomes-of-orbital-atherectomy-for-the-treatment-of-profunda-femoris-artery-disease-subanalysis-of-the-confirm-registries
#9
Michael S Lee, Pratyaksh K Srivastava, Saif Al Yaseen, Daniel Heikali, John Hollowed, Ehtisham Mahmud
OBJECTIVES: We compared the angiographic outcomes of patients treated with orbital atherectomy for profunda femoris artery (PFA) and superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease from the CONFIRM I-III registries. BACKGROUND: Endovascular revascularization of the PFA is considered a high-risk procedure given that it is an important collateral vessel when the SFA becomes occluded. Data on outcomes of endovascular revascularization of calcified PFA disease are limited...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245147/levels-of-trace-elements-methylmercury-and-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-in-foraging-green-turtles-in-the-south-china-region-and-their-conservation-implications
#10
Connie Ka Yan Ng, James Chung Wah Lam, Xiao Hua Zhang, He Xiang Gu, Tsung Hsien Li, Min Bin Ye, Zhong Rong Xia, Fei Yan Zhang, Jin Xia Duan, Wen Xiong Wang, Isaac Kam Sum Lam, George H Balazs, Paul K S Lam, Margaret B Murphy
Sea turtles are globally endangered and face daily anthropogenic threats, including pollution. However, there is a lack of ecotoxicological information on sea turtles, especially in the Asia-Pacific region. This study aims to determine pollutant levels of foraging green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in South China, including Hong Kong, Guangdong and Taiwan, as a basis for their conservation. Scute, liver and muscle tissues of stranded green turtles were analysed for levels of 17 trace elements and methylmercury (MeHg) (n = 86 for scute and n = 14 for liver) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) (n = 11 for muscle and n = 13 for liver)...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245141/a-systematic-review-of-the-state-of-the-literature-on-sexually-exploited-boys-internationally
#11
Melissa Moynihan, Katherine Mitchell, Claire Pitcher, Farinaz Havaei, Max Ferguson, Elizabeth Saewyc
This systematic review assessed the current state of the literature on sexually exploited boys internationally. We aimed to describe what is known about sexual exploitation of boys, identify gaps in the literature, provide implications for practice, and make recommendations for future research. Multiple database searches were conducted using a combination of controlled vocabulary and keywords to capture child and adolescent sexual exploitation. Our search identified 11,099 unique references and excluded studies that did not include male participants less than 18 years old or disaggregate results by relevant age groups and/or by sex...
December 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245139/scapular-focused-exercise-treatment-protocol-for-shoulder-impingement-symptoms-three-dimensional-scapular-kinematics-analysis
#12
Gisele Harumi Hotta, Adriane Lopes Santos, Kevin James McQuade, Anamaria Siriani de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to describe the effects of a periscapular strengthening and neuromuscular training protocol in three-dimensional scapular kinematics and resting positioning in participants with shoulder impingement symptoms. Self-reported function was also evaluated. METHOD: The study group comprised 50 subjects with shoulder impingement syndrome (control group, n=25; treatment group, n=25). The treatment group underwent 8weeks of neuromuscular training and periscapular strengthening...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245138/cardiac-sarcoidosis-presenting-as-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-dysplasia-with-ventricular-aneurysms-a-case-report
#13
Marija Petrovic, L Maximilian Buja, Biswajit Kar, Jure Colnaric, Sarita Damaraju, Bihong Zhao, Bindu Akkanti, Milan Radovanovic, Rajko Radovancevic, Pranav Loyalka, Igor D Gregoric
A 70-year old Caucasian man with recurrent ventricular tachycardia and progressive biventricular failure attributed to arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia was evaluated for heart transplantation. Cardiac ventriculography revealed an abnormal left ventricle with five saccular aneurysms. Heart transplantation was performed. Pathology of the explanted heart showed multifocal sarcoid granulomas. Replacement fibrosis was widespread in both ventricles and associated with saccular aneurysms. No genetic basis was identified...
November 10, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245137/synthesis-of-the-repeating-unit-of-o-specific-polysaccharide-isolated-from-the-water-borne-bacteria-aeromonas-bestiarum-207
#14
Yiren Xu, Guanghui Zong, Shuhui Jin, Jianjun Zhang
Aeromonas bestiarum 207 is a bacterial pathogen with severe impact on aquaculture. In a recent study, the structure of OPS antigens from Aeromonas bestiarum was identified as pentasaccharide repeating units. Synthesis of the pentasaccharide repeating unit and its derivative are reported. Stereo- and regio-specific synthesis was achieved under Schmidt glycosylation conditions employing appropriately protected L-rhamopyranosyl and D-glucopyranosylamine building blocks. The pentasaccharide synthesis was achieved using a [3 + 2] strategy with an overall yield of 5...
November 21, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245124/bisphenol-and-phthalate-concentrations-and-its-determinants-among-pregnant-women-in-a-population-based-cohort-in-the-netherlands-2004-5
#15
Elise M Philips, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Alexandros G Asimakopoulos, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Eric A P Steegers, Susana Santos, Leonardo Trasande
BACKGROUND: Exposure to bisphenols and phthalates in pregnancy may lead to adverse health effects in women themselves and their offspring. OBJECTIVE: To describe first trimester bisphenol and phthalate urine concentrations, including bisphenol and phthalate replacements, and determine nutritional, socio-demographic and lifestyle related determinants. METHODS: In a population-based prospective cohort of 1396 mothers, we measured first trimester bisphenol, phthalate and creatinine urine concentrations (samples collected in 2004-2005, median gestational age 12...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245117/gold-nanoflowers-synthesized-using-acanthopanacis-cortex-extract-inhibit-inflammatory-mediators-in-lps-induced-raw264-7-macrophages-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-ap-1-pathways
#16
Sungeun Ahn, Priyanka Singh, Mi Jang, Yu-Jin Kim, Verónica Castro-Aceituno, Shakina Yesmin Simu, Yeon Ju Kim, Deok-Chun Yang
We reported the rapid synthesis (<8s) of gold nanoparticles at room temperature using Acanthopanacis cortex extract (A-AuNPs). We characterized the A-AuNPs using several analytical techniques and found that nano-flower type A-AuNPs, which are known to possess a coarse surface with a high surface to volume ratio, conferring these particles with high binding capacity for various biological molecules. After confirming the stability of the nanoparticles, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of A-AuNPs in LPS-stimulated RAW264...
November 17, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245114/subacromial-impingement-syndrome-an-electromyographic-study-of-shoulder-girdle-muscle-fatigue
#17
Omid Alizadehkhaiyat, Margaret M Roebuck, Ahmed T Makki, Simon P Frostick
Muscle fatigue affecting glenohumeral and/or scapular muscles is suggested as one of the contributing factors to the development of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). Nonetheless, the fatigability of shoulder girdle muscles in association with the pathomechanics of SAIS has not been reported. This study aimed to measure and compare fatigue progression within the shoulder girdle musculature of patients and healthy controls. 75 participants including 39 patients (20 females; 19 males) and 36 healthy controls (15 females; 21 males) participated in the study...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245112/spectroscopic-parameters-vibrational-levels-transition-dipole-moments-and-transition-probabilities-of-the-9-low-lying-states-of-the-ncl-cation
#18
Yuan Yin, Deheng Shi, Jinfeng Sun, Zunlue Zhu
This work calculates the potential energy curves of 9 Λ-S and 28Ω states of the NCl+ cation. The technique employed is the complete active space self-consistent field method, which is followed by the internally contracted multireference configuration interaction approach with the Davidson correction. The Λ-S states are X2Π, 12Σ+, 14Π, 14Σ+, 14Σ-, 24Π, 14Δ, 16Σ+, and 16Π, which are yielded from the first two dissociation channels of NCl+ cation. The Ω states are generated from these Λ-S states...
December 9, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245110/uncovering-the-mysteries-of-inclusion-empirical-and-methodological-possibilities-in-participatory-evaluation-in-an-international-context
#19
Jill Anne Chouinard, Peter Milley
The inclusion of stakeholders in participatory evaluation in highly diverse, culturally complex settings remains a challenge, given issues of inequity, power, voice, capacity and skill. These challenges are well documented, but there is a relative absence of papers devoted to addressing them based on examples and evidence. In this paper, we report our review of 51 empirical studies of participatory evaluations conducted in the international domain, focusing on the methods of inclusion used in the evaluations...
December 8, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245108/learning-and-transfer-of-working-memory-gating-policies
#20
Apoorva Bhandari, David Badre
knowledge about the tasks we encounter enables us to rapidly and flexibly adapt to novel task contexts. Previous research has focused primarily on abstract rules that leverage shared structure in stimulus-response (S-R) mappings as the basis of such task knowledge. Here we provide evidence that working memory (WM) gating policies - a type of control policy required for internal control of WM during a task - constitute a form of abstract task knowledge that can be transferred across contexts. In two experiments, we report specific evidence for the transfer of selective WM gating policies across changes of task context...
December 12, 2017: Cognition
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