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memory implant

Laura B Ngwenya, Sarmistha Mazumder, Zachary R Porter, Amy Minnema, Duane J Oswald, H Francis Farhadi
Cognitive deficits after traumatic brain injury (TBI) are debilitating and contribute to the morbidity and loss of productivity of over 10 million people worldwide. Cell transplantation has been linked to enhanced cognitive function after experimental traumatic brain injury, yet the mechanism of recovery is poorly understood. Since the hippocampus is a critical structure for learning and memory, supports adult neurogenesis, and is particularly vulnerable after TBI, we hypothesized that stem cell transplantation after TBI enhances cognitive recovery by modulation of endogenous hippocampal neurogenesis...
2018: Stem Cells International
J Harry Blaise, Jee E Park, Nicholas J Bellas, Thomas M Gitchell, Vy Phan
Caffeine, one of the most commonly consumed psychoactive substances in the world, has long been known to alter neurological functions, such as alertness, attention, and memory. Despite caffeine's popularity, systematic investigations of its effects on synaptic plasticity in the brain are still lacking. Here we used a freely behaving rodent model of long-term potentiation (LTP), a frequently studied form of synaptic plasticity, to assess the effects of caffeine consumption on hippocampal plasticity. LTP, which is a persistent increase in the strength of synaptic connections between neurons, is a cellular mechanism widely considered to underlie the processes of learning and memory...
March 2018: Physiological Reports
Dulcie A Vousden, Elizabeth Cox, Rylan Allemang-Grand, Christine Laliberté, Lily R Qiu, Zsuzsa Lindenmaier, Brian J Nieman, Jason P Lerch
Manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) is a widely used technique in rodent neuroimaging studies. Traditionally, Mn2+ is delivered to animals via a systemic injection; however, this can lead to toxic effects at high doses. Recent studies have shown that subcutaneously implanted mini-osmotic pumps can be used to continuously deliver manganese chloride (MnCl2 ), and that they produce satisfactory contrast while circumventing many of the toxic side effects. However, neither the time-course of signal enhancement nor the effect of continuous Mn2+ delivery on behaviour, particularly learning and memory, have been well-characterized...
March 2, 2018: NeuroImage
Laurie L Wellman, Mairen E Fitzpatrick, Amy M Sutton, Brook L Williams, Mayumi Machida, Larry D Sanford
The basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA) plays a significant role in mediating individual differences in the effects of fear memory on sleep. Here, we assessed the effects of antagonizing corticotropin releasing factor receptor 1 (CRFR1) after shock training (ST) on fear-conditioned behaviors and sleep. Outbred Wistar rats were surgically implanted with electrodes for recording EEG and EMG and with bilateral guide cannulae directed at BLA. Data loggers were placed intraperitoneally to record core body temperature...
March 1, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
Tara Arbab, Francesco P Battaglia, Cyriel M A Pennartz, Conrado A Bosman
Neuronal networks can synchronize their activity through excitatory and inhibitory connections, which is conducive to synaptic plasticity. This synchronization is reflected in rhythmic fluctuations of the extracellular field. In the hippocampus, theta and gamma band LFP oscillations are a hallmark of the processing of spatial information and memory. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is an intellectual disability and the most common genetic cause of autism spectrum disorder (Belmonte and Bourgeron, 2006). Here, we investigated how neuronal network synchronization in the mouse hippocampus is compromised by the Fmr1 mutation that causes FXS (Santos et al...
February 24, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
Marta Musioł, Sebastian Jurczyk, Michał Kwiecień, Anna Smola-Dmochowska, Marian Domański, Henryk Janeczek, Jakub Włodarczyk, Magdalena Klim, Joanna Rydz, Michał Kawalec, Michał Sobota
The semicrystalline poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) belongs to the materials with shape memory effect (SME) and as a bioresorbable and biocompatible polymer it have found many applications in medical and pharmaceutical field. Assessment of the SME impact on the polymer degradation profile plays crucial role in applications such as drug release systems or in regenerative medicine. Herein, the results of in vitro degradation studies of PLLA samples after SME full test cycle are presented. The samples were loaded and deformed in two manners: progressive and non-progressive...
February 19, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Martin Andreas, Kathrin Freystaetter, Martin H Bernardi, Andreas Zuckermann
A 31-year-old male patient underwent a heart transplantation due to dilated cardiomyopathy. He experienced accelerated acute antibody-mediated rejection despite being negative for human leukocyte antigen antibodies (0% panel-reactive antibodies prior to surgery). Further assessment revealed a common antigen between a homograft implanted 17 years earlier during the Ross procedure and the heart donor. The homograft likely induced specific antibody formation. Interestingly, panel-reactive antibody levels measured 7 years prior to transplantation were 7%...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Hanhan Xie, Jundong Shao, Yufei Ma, Jiahong Wang, Hao Huang, Na Yang, Huaiyu Wang, Changshun Ruan, Yanfeng Luo, Qu-Quan Wang, Paul K Chu, Xue-Feng Yu
In this paper, we propose a new shape memory polymer (SMP) composite with excellent near-infrared (NIR)-photoresponsive shape memory performance and biodegradability. The composite is fabricated by using piperazine-based polyurethane (PU) as thermo-responsive SMP incorporated with black-phosphorus (BP) sheets as NIR photothermal nanofillers. Under 808 nm light irradiation, the incorporated BP sheets with concentration of only 0.08 wt% enable rapid temperature increase over the glass temperature of PU and trigger the shape change of the composite with shape recovery rate of ∼100%...
February 20, 2018: Biomaterials
Marlene Derner, Amirhossein Jahanbekam, Christian Bauckhage, Nikolai Axmacher, Juergen Fell
Absolute (i.e. measured) rhinal and hippocampal phase values are predictive for memory formation. It has been an open question, whether the capability of mediotemporal structures to react to stimulus presentation with phase shifts may be similarly indicative of successful memory formation. We analyzed data from 27 epilepsy patients implanted with depth electrodes in the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex, who performed a continuous word recognition task. Electroencephalographic (EEG) phase information related to the first presentation of repeatedly presented words was used for prediction of subsequent remembering versus forgetting applying a support vector machine...
February 23, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
Erin C Kerfoot, Cedric L Williams
The nucleus accumbens shell is a site of converging inputs during memory processing for emotional events. The accumbens receives input from the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) regarding changes in peripheral autonomic functioning following emotional arousal. The shell also receives input from the amygdala and hippocampus regarding affective and contextual attributes of new learning experiences. The successful encoding of affect or context is facilitated by activating noradrenergic systems in either the amygdala or hippocampus...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Chengtian Zhao, Yuping Wang
Previous studies have reported that the insular cortex is involved in recognition memory, but it remains unclear which subarea of the insular cortex serves this function. To address this question, we examined 14 drug-resistant focal epilepsy patients implanted with stereotactic electrodes in the insular cortex. All participants performed a delayed match-to-sample task. Event-related potentials and spectrograms from each insular subarea were analyzed when the participants were exposed to identical (match condition) and different (mismatch condition) stimuli...
February 20, 2018: Neuroreport
Min-Kyu Kim, Jang-Sik Lee
Low power consumption is the important requirement in memory devices for saving energy. In particular, improved energy-efficiency is essential in implantable electronic devices for operation under a limited power supply. Here, we demonstrate the use of κ-carrageenan (κ-car) as the resistive switching layer to achieve memory that has low power consumption. A carboxymethyl (CM) group is introduced to the κ-car to increase its ionic conductivity. Ag was doped in CM:κ-car to improve the resistive switching properties of the devices...
February 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ryh-Sheng Li, Yuh-Ming Hwu, Robert Kuo-Kuang Lee, Sheng-Hsiang Li, Ming-Huei Lin
OBJECTIVE: Embryo transfers during cleavage stage (day 2 or day 3) and blastocyst stages (day 5 or day 6) are common in current daily practice in fresh IVF/ET cycles. Data regarding transferring day 4 embryos, morula/compact stage, is still restricted and the grading system is also inconsistent, as between IVF clinics. This study provided a new detailed classification system for morula/compact stage embryos and compared successes rates between day 4 and day 5 ET. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Xingqi Zou, Lei Jin, Dandan Jiang, Yu Zhang, Guoxing Chen, Zhiliang Xia, Zongliang Huo
In this work, the GAA (Gate All Around) L-Shaped bottom select transistor (BSG) in 3D NAND Flash Memory has been investigated. Different methods are proposed to optimize its performance from viewpoints of process and structure. BSG in 3D NAND is a novel device structure with two connected transistors: one is horizontal MOSFET (regarded as convention MOSFET) and one is vertical MOSFET (regarded as GAA transistor). With implant dose increasing in vertical channel, BSG Vth has much more tighter Vt distribution, which is beneficial for boosting potential improvement and program disturbance suppression...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Tina A Nguyen, Daniel A Kahn, Andrea I Loewendorf
INTRODUCTION: Maternal-fetal chimerism is miniscule, a testament to the integrity of the uteroplacental interface. The soundness of this border region is potentially altered through cesarean delivery of prior babies with uncertain consequences for the following pregnancies. METHODS: Using multicolor flow cytometry and quantitative PCR of non-inherited maternal antigens we performed a retrospective case control pilot study and formulated the null hypothesis that placental implantation over a prior uterine scar does not result in the presence of memory Treg (CD45RO+) in the fetus...
February 12, 2018: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
Stephanie Thiele, Luciano Furlanetti, Lisa-Marie Pfeiffer, Volker A Coenen, Máté D Döbrössy
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials of supra-lateral medial forebrain bundle (MFB) Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in treatment resistant major depressive patients have shown rapid and long-term benefits. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The study used Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats with previously identified depressive-like phenotype to assess the range of behavior modification achieved by MFB DBS. METHODS: Male FSL and wild-type Sprague-Dawley rats as Controls were tested on mood/anxiety/exploration, cognitive and motor behaviors...
February 8, 2018: Experimental Neurology
Fabian J David, Lisa C Goelz, Ruth Z Tangonan, Leonard Verhagen Metman, Daniel M Corcos
Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN DBS) significantly improves clinical motor symptoms, as well as intensive aspects of movement like velocity and amplitude in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the effects of bilateral STN DBS on integrative and coordinative aspects of motor control are equivocal. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of bilateral STN DBS on integrative and coordinative aspects of movement using a memory-guided sequential reaching task. The primary outcomes were eye and finger velocity and end-point error...
February 9, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Erika Brolin, Sofia Zelleroth, Anna Jonsson, Mathias Hallberg, Alfhild Grönbladh, Fred Nyberg
The use of opioid analgesics to treat non-cancer pain has increased over the years. Many chronic pain patients suffer from numerous adverse effects, such as reduced quality of life, development of dependence, and cognitive impairments. Cognitive processes are regulated by several systems, one of which involves growth hormone (GH) and its secondary mediator insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), but also glutamatergic transmission, including receptors such as the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor complex. In the laboratory, repeated injections are commonly used to establish animal models of long-term or chronic drug exposure...
February 5, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Giuseppe Cappellano, Christian Ploner, Susanne Lobenwein, Sieghart Sopper, Paul Hoertnagl, Christina Mayerl, Nikolaus Wick, Gerhard Pierer, Georg Wick, Dolores Wolfram
The most common complication of silicone breast implants is capsular contracture (massive scar formation around the implant). We postulate that capsular contracture is always a sequel to inflammatory processes, with both innate and adaptive immune mechanisms participating. In general, fibroblasts and macrophages have been used as cell types to evaluate in vitro the biocompatibility of breast implant surfaces. Moreover, also T cells have been found at the implant site at the initial stage of fibrous capsule formation...
2018: PloS One
Christoph Helmstaedter, Gerrit H Gielen, Juri-Alexander Witt
In contrast to previous studies, Ljung et al. provide evidence of permanent cognitive consequences of bilateral intrahippocampal depth electrodes for verbal memory in patients who were not operated or operated in the right temporal lobe. Stimulated by this, we provide historical confirmatory and supplementary evidence of the detrimental effect of bilateral depth electrodes implanted along the longitudinal axis of the hippocampus on verbal learning and especially on delayed verbal memory and recognition performance...
February 7, 2018: Epilepsia
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