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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645114/association-of-type-2-diabetes-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Ping-Hsin Hsieh, Jing-Yang Huang, Oswald Ndi Nfor, Chia-Chi Lung, Chien-Chang Ho, Yung-Po Liaw
BACKGROUND: The link between the subcategories of liver cirrhosis and type 2 diabetes is not well known. We investigated the association of type 2 diabetes mellitus with alcoholic cirrhosis and cirrhosis without alcohol. METHODS: This nationwide cohort study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Cirrhotic individuals and their matched controls were identified from 2001-2008. In all, 9 313 cirrhotic patients aged 20 years or older were matched by age, sex, and index date with the non-cirrhotic individuals (n = 37 252)...
June 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643435/interventions-for-enhancing-the-distribution-of-dental-professionals-a-concise-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Neeltje van den Berg, Falk Schwendicke
BACKGROUND: A spatially unequal distribution of dentists or dental care professionals (D/DCPs), such as therapists or hygienists, could reduce the quality of health services and increase health inequities. This review describes the interventions available to enhance this spatial distribution and systematically assesses their effectiveness. METHODS: Electronic databases (Cochrane CENTRAL, Medline, Embase, CINAHL) were searched and cross-referencing was performed using a standardised searching algorithm...
June 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640130/impact-of-hysterosalpingography-after-operative-treatment-for-ectopic-pregnancy-in-taiwan-a-16-year-nationwide-population-based-analysis
#3
Nai-Chi Chiu, Chi-Hong Ho, Shu-Huei Shen, Yu-Chuan Tsuei, Kang-Lung Lee, Chen-Yu Huang, Hsin-Yang Li, Tzeng-Ji Chen
By retrieving records from Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) system's database, the current study aimed to investigate the impacts of hysterosalpingography (HSG) to patients after ectopic pregnancy (EP) operations in Taiwan.In this retrospective cohort study, insurance claims data from 1997 to 2013, derived from a cohort of 1 million people randomly sampled to represent all NHI beneficiaries, were analyzed. Patients after ectopic pregnancy (EP) operations were identified via the inclusion of the corresponding NHI procedure codes...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640005/intussusception-related-hospitalizations-among-infants-before-and-after-private-market-licensure-of-rotavirus-vaccines-in-taiwan-2001-2013
#4
Catherine Yen, Shu-Man Shih, Jacqueline E Tate, Fang-Tzy Wu, Yhu-Chering Huang, Umesh D Parashar, Chao A Hsiung
INTRODUCTION: Rotavirus is a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis among Taiwanese children. Two globally licensed rotavirus vaccines recommended for inclusion in routine immunization programs that have been available for private market use in Taiwan since 2006 have been associated with a low risk of intussusception in post-marketing studies conducted in several countries. Our objective was to examine trends and characteristics of intussusception hospitalizations in Taiwan among children aged <12 months before and after rotavirus vaccine licensure to provide updated baseline and early post-licensure data...
June 17, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639751/gefitinib-or-erlotinib-in-previously-treated-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-a-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#5
Chia-Hao Chang, Chih-Hsin Lee, Jen-Chung Ko, Lih-Yu Chang, Ming-Chia Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Chong-Jen Yu
Among treatment modalities for lung cancer, the most promising therapy is the use of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). Both erlotinib and gefitinib, the two first-generation EGFR-TKIs, exhibit significant clinical responses for patients with lung adenocarcinoma. However, few studies have compared the effects of these two drugs, and results have been inconclusive because of the small sample sizes in these studies. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate this issue...
June 22, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633538/relationship-between-emergency-care-utilization-ambient-temperature-and-the-pollution-standard-index-in-taiwan
#6
Ching-Hui Tseng, Li-Chin Lu, Shao-Hwan Lan, Yen-Ping Hsieh, Shou-Jen Lan
This study applied a vector error correction model to investigate the effects of ambient temperature (AT) and air quality index values on emergency care utilization (ECU). The Pollution Standards Index (PSI) and total suspended particulates (TSP) were used for analysis. Data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications and Ministry Environmental of Protection Administration of Taiwan. Data from January of 1998 to December of 2012 (180 months) were analyzed...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630085/risk-of-allergic-conjunctivitis-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Yin-Huei Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Da-Tian Bau, Yi-Chih Hung
OBJECTIVE: In accordance with the dichotomy between T helper type 1(Th1) and T helper type 2 (Th2) responses, the occurrence of allergic conjunctivitis (AC) and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is, in theory, inversely related in the individual. However, recent studies investigating the association between the two diseases are controversial. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: We used claims data of the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629889/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-brand-name-and-generic-antipsychotic-drugs-for-treating-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-taiwan
#8
Chih-Wei Hsu, Sheng-Yu Lee, Liang-Jen Wang
The purpose of this nationwide population-based study is to compare the long-term effectiveness of brand-name antipsychotics with generic antipsychotics for treating schizophrenia. We identified patients with schizophrenia who were prescribed antipsychotics from a random sample of one million records from Taiwan's National Health Insurance database, observed between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2012. Only those with no prior use of antipsychotics for at least 180days were included. We selected patients who were prescribed brand-name risperidone (N=404), generic risperidone (N=145), brand-name sulpiride (N=334), or generic sulpiride (N=991)...
June 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629260/risk-of-dementia-in-adults-with-adhd-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#9
Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Fu-Huang Lin, Chin-Bin Yeh, San-Yuan Huang, Ru-Band Lu, Hsin-An Chang, Yu-Chen Kao, Hui-Wen Yeh, Wei-Shan Chiang, Yu-Ching Chou, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Wu-Chien Chien
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between adults with ADHD and the risk of developing dementia. METHOD: Utilizing National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, ADHD patients were identified and compared with age- and gender-matched controls (1:3). RESULTS: Of the study participants, 37 (5.48%) developed dementia compared with 81 (4.0%) in the control group. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis revealed that the study participants were more likely to develop dementia...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628885/use-of-antidepressants-and-risk-of-hospitalization-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-nationwide-case-crossover-study
#10
Chi-Shin Wu, Hsiao-Ting Wu, Yu-Ting Tsai, Ya-Wen Huang, Hui-Ju Tsai
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the association between antidepressant use and the risk of hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: A case-crossover study was conducted using a nationwide population-based sample from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. A total of 18,631 patients with incident AMI were included in this study. The effects of antidepressant use as well as that of various classes (including tricyclic or tetracyclic antidepressants; selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; or serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors), doses, and receptor-binding profiles of the antidepressants on AMI were assessed...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628663/survival-and-medical-utilization-of-children-and-adolescents-with-prolonged-ventilator-dependent-and-associated-factors
#11
Szu-Chi Pai, Pei-Tseng Kung, Wen-Yu Chou, Tsunghuai Kuo, Wen-Chen Tsai
Over the course of a year, more than 20,000 patients in Taiwan require prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV). Data from the National Health Insurance Research Database for patients between 2005 and 2011 were used to conduct a retrospective analysis on ventilator dependence. The study subjects were PMV patients aged <17 years in Taiwan. A multiple regression model employing general estimating equations was applied to investigate the factors affecting the use of medical resources by children and adolescent PMV patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628626/is-normal-tension-glaucoma-a-risk-factor-for-stroke-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#12
Meng-Sheng Lee, Li-Lin Kuo, Elise Chia-Hui Tan, Oscar K Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) have a higher incidence of stroke. DESIGN: A population-based retrospective cohort study based on data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2010. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from the NHIRD. A total of 245 (20.1%) patients with a history of stroke at the time of glaucoma diagnosis were excluded, and 1,218 patients with NTG who were 20 years of age and older were identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622701/free-tissue-transfers-for-head-and-neck-reconstruction-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-dialysis-analysis-of-outcomes-using-the-taiwan-national-health-insurance-research-database
#13
Oscar J Manrique, Pedro Ciudad, Basel Sharaf, Jorys Martinez-Jorge, Steven Moran, Samir Mardini, Hung-Chi Chen, Uldis Bite, Hsu-Tang Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621741/iron-deficiency-anemia-as-a-risk-factor-for-osteoporosis-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#14
Mei-Lien Pan, Li-Ru Chen, Hsiao-Mei Tsao, Kuo-Hu Chen
The cause-effect relationship between iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and osteoporosis has not been established in the general population. Thus, the current longitudinal study determined the role of IDA as a risk factor for osteoporosis by analyzing a large nationwide population-based sample. In a sample of 1,000,000 randomly sampled individuals from the 1998-2012. Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, patients with IDA (case group (n = 35,751)) and individuals without IDA (control group (n = 178,755)) were compared...
June 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620978/comparison-of-healthcare-utilization-and-life-sustaining-interventions-between-elderly-patients-with-dementia-and-those-with-cancer-near-the-end-of-life-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#15
Yu-Han Chen, Chung-Han Ho, Chien-Cheng Huang, Ya-Wen Hsu, Yueh-Chun Chen, Ping-Jen Chen, Guan-Ting Chen, Jhi-Joung Wang
AIM: Little is known about the pattern of healthcare services for end-of-life patients with dementia (PwD) in East Asia. We compared this pattern between PwD and cancer patients in their last year of life in Taiwan. METHODS: Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database was applied for this case-control analysis. The records of patients who had dementia and died between 2002 and 2011 were reviewed. The control group was decedents with cancer. The utilization of hospitalization, emergency department visits and life-sustaining interventions during the last year of life between the two groups were compared...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614417/antipsychotic-medications-and-stroke-in-schizophrenia-a-case-crossover-study
#16
Wen-Yin Chen, Lian-Yu Chen, Hsing-Cheng Liu, Chi-Shin Wu, Shu-Yu Yang, Chun-Hung Pan, Shang-Ying Tsai, Chiao-Chicy Chen, Chian-Jue Kuo
BACKGROUND: The association between antipsychotic use and the risk of stroke in schizophrenic patients is controversial. We sought to study the association in a nationwide cohort with schizophrenia. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort of patients with schizophrenia (N = 31,976) derived from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 802 new-onset cases of stroke were identified within 10 years of follow-up (from 2000 through 2010). We designed a case-crossover study using 14-day windows to explore the risk factors of stroke and the association between antipsychotic drugs and the risk of stroke...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610562/end-stage-renal-disease-a-risk-factor-of-deep-neck-infection-a-nationwide-follow-up-study-in-taiwan
#17
Geng-He Chang, Ming-Shao Tsai, Chia-Yen Liu, Meng-Hung Lin, Yao-Te Tsai, Cheng-Ming Hsu, Yao-Hsu Yang
BACKGROUND: Uremia is likely a risk factor for deep neck infection (DNI). However, only a few relevant cases have been reported, and evidence sufficient to support this hypothesis is lacking. The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on DNI. METHODS: We used the database of the Registry for Catastrophic Illness Patients (RFCIP), a subset of the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan, to conduct a retrospective follow-up study...
June 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605443/radiofrequency-ablation-of-accessory-pathways-in-patients-with-the-wolff-parkinson-white-syndrome-long-term-risk-of-mortality-and-coronary-events
#18
Wanwarang Wongcharoen, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Fa-Po Chung, Yun-Yu Chen, Tze-Fan Chao, Pei-Chun Chen, Kuo-Liong Chien, Shih-Ann Chen
Aims: The long-term outcomes of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) remain unclear. We investigated the impact of RFCA on the long-term risk of coronary events and mortality in WPW patients. Methods and results: We conducted a prospective cohort study utilizing the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Between 2000 and 2003, WPW patients with no prior coronary artery disease (CAD) history, aged over 18 years, who underwent RFCA were identified...
June 10, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601236/role-of-cyclooxygenase-2-inhibitors-in-the-survival-outcome-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-a%C3%A2-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Wan-Wen Huang, Kun-Pin Hsieh, Ru-Yu Huang, Yi-Hsin Yang
The aim of this study is to investigate whether use of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors as auxiliary drug in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients will lead to better survival outcome. This population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The cohort consisted of newly diagnosed CRC adult patients during 2003-2010 with at least one prescription of nonsteroidal anti-inflammation drugs. Analysis groups were defined as users or nonusers of COX-2 inhibitors based on their usage prior to or 1 year after diagnosis of CRC...
June 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600947/incidence-and-mortality-of-pancreatic-cancer-on-a-rapid-rise-in-taiwan-1999-2012
#20
Chao-Ming Tseng, Shih-Pei Huang, Wei-Chih Liao, Chun-Ju Chiang, Ya-Wen Yang, Chi-Yang Chang, Yao-Chun Hsu, Hui-Chi Chen, Han-Sun Chiang, Jaw-Town Lin
BACKGROUND: Accumulating data has revealed a rapidly rising incidence of pancreatic cancer in Western countries, but convincing evidence from the East remains sparse. We aimed to quantify how the incidence and mortality rates of pancreatic malignancy changed over time in Taiwan, and to develop future projection for the next decade. METHODS: This nationwide population-based study analyzed the Taiwan National Cancer Registry and the National Cause of Death Registry to calculate the annual incidence and mortality rates of pancreatic malignancy from 1999 to 2012 in this country...
June 7, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
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