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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679951/surgical-site-infection-rate-after-hemilaminectomy-and-laminectomy-in-dogs-without-perioperative-antibiotic-therapy
#1
Barbara A R Dyall, Hugo G Schmökel
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to retrospectively review the surgical site infection (SSI) rate in dogs undergoing laminectomies without perioperative antibiotics, and compare those data with the expected infection rate for clean surgical wounds in dogs undergoing similar procedures. METHODS:  This was a retrospective single-centre study composed of dogs that underwent hemilaminectomies or laminectomies for thoracolumbar disc herniation or lumbosacral disease during a 2-year period (during 2015 and 2016)...
April 21, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679928/likelihood-ratio-development-for-mixed-y-str-profiles
#2
Duncan Taylor, James Curran, John Buckleton
In this paper we introduce a new likelihood ratio method for evaluating mixed Y-STR profiles that is based on the premise that, given a haplotype has been seen in the person of interest, the most likely source of a second haplotype, matching at all or most loci, is in an individual with a recent common ancestor. We have called the new method the "Haplotype centred" (HC) method for likelihood ratio derivation. For single source, unambiguous haplotypes the HC method performs identically with the Kappa method proposed by Brenner...
April 7, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679693/bystander-witnessed-cardiac-arrest-is-associated-with-reported-agonal-breathing-and-leads-to-less-frequent-bystander-cpr
#3
P Brinkrolf, B Metelmann, C Scharte, A Zarbock, K Hahnenkamp, A Bohn
AIM: Although the importance of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation has been shown in multiple studies, the rate of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation is still relatively low in many countries. Little is known on bystanders' perceptions influencing the decision to start cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Our study aims to determine such factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews with bystanders of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests between December 2014 and April 2016 were performed in a prospective manner...
April 18, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679514/dutch-validation-of-the-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-score
#4
Britt Jp Hupkens, Stéphanie O Breukink, Carlijn Olde Reuver Of Briel, Pieter J Tanis, Mirre E de Noo, Peter van Duijvendijk, Henderik L van Westreenen, Jan Willem T Dekker, Tina Yt Chen, Therese Juul
AIM: The aim of this study was to validate the Dutch translation of the Low Anterior Resection Syndrome (LARS) score in a population of Dutch rectal cancer patients. METHOD: Patients who underwent surgery for rectal cancer received the LARS score questionnaire, a single quality of life category question and the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire. A subgroup of patients received the LARS score twice to assess the test-retest reliability. RESULTS: A total of 165 patients were included in the analysis, identified in six Dutch centres...
April 21, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679088/complications-and-pain-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-comparing-single-and-multilevel-surgery
#5
Ching Yee Chan, Hong Juan Han, Weng Kit Lye, Song Tar Toh
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate differences in the complication rate and postoperative pain score between single and multilevel surgery performed on patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on patients with obstructive sleep apnoea who underwent surgery in a tertiary referral centre over 3 years. Patients who underwent single-level nasal, palatal or tongue surgery were compared with patients who underwent concurrent multilevel surgery of 2 or 3 levels...
March 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678896/outcomes-for-patients-with-rheumatic-heart-disease-after-cardiac-surgery-followed-at-rural-district-hospitals-in-rwanda
#6
Emmanuel K Rusingiza, Ziad El-Khatib, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Gedeon Ngoga, Symaque Dusabeyezu, Neo Tapela, Cadet Mutumbira, Francis Mutabazi, Emmanuel Harelimana, Joseph Mucumbitsi, Gene F Kwan, Gene Bukhman
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, continued clinical follow-up, after cardiac surgery, is only available at urban referral centres. We implemented a decentralised, integrated care model to provide longitudinal care for patients with advanced rheumatic heart disease (RHD) at district hospitals in rural Rwanda before and after heart surgery. METHODS: We collected data from charts at non-communicable disease (NCD) clinics at three rural district hospitals in Rwanda to describe the outcomes of 54 patients with RHD who received cardiac valve surgery during 2007-2015...
April 20, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678596/evaluation-of-acute-skin-toxicity-of-breast-radiotherapy-using-thermography-results-of-a-prospective-single-centre-trial
#7
O Maillot, N Leduc, V Atallah, P Escarmant, A Petit, S Belhomme, P Sargos, V Vinh-Hung
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy is a common adjuvant treatment of breast cancer. Acute radiation-induced dermatitis is a frequent side effect. We hypothesized whether it is possible to capture the increase of local temperature as a surrogate of the inflammatory state induced by radiotherapy. We designed a prospective, observational, single-centre study to acquire data on temperature rise in the treated breast during the course of radiotherapy, establish a possible association with the occurrence of dermatitis and investigate the predictive value of temperature increase in future occurrences of radiation-induced dermatitis...
April 17, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678158/dexmedetomidine-infusion-as-an-analgesic-adjuvant-during-laparoscopic-%C3%B1-holecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Kateryna Bielka, Iurii Kuchyn, Volodymyr Babych, Kseniia Martycshenko, Oleksii Inozemtsev
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) has sedative, sympatholytic and analgesic effects and might be beneficial if used as an adjuvant to: improve analgesia; modulate haemodynamic responses to intubation and pneumoperitoneum and; reduce the number of opioid-associated adverse events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DEX infusion during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: A randomized, single-centre, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study was carried out between May 2016 and June 2017...
April 20, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676604/is-diabetes-a-marker-of-higher-risk-after-carotid-revascularization-experience-from-a-single-centre
#9
Renato Casana, Chiara Malloggi, Andrea Odero, Valerio Tolva, Richard Bulbulia, Alison Halliday, Vincenzo Silani
PURPOSE: This single centre study investigates the influence of diabetes mellitus on outcomes following carotid artery endarterectomy or stenting. METHODS: In total, 752 carotid revascularizations (58.2% carotid artery stenting and 41.8% carotid endarterectomy) were performed in 221 (29.4%) patients with diabetes and 532 (70.6%) patients without diabetes. The study outcomes were death, disabling and non-disabling stroke, transient ischaemic attack and restenosis within 36 months after the procedure...
April 1, 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675983/the-natural-history-of-asymptomatic-calyceal-stones
#10
Maitrey Padmasambhav Darrad, Sachin Yallappa, John Metcalfe, Kesavapillai Subramonian
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes of patients with incidentally detected asymptomatic calyceal stones on active surveillance, and to identify risk factors for stone-related adverse events. SUBJECTS & METHODS: In this retrospective case series, we identified all renal units with non-contrast CT diagnosed asymptomatic calyceal stones in a single reference centre between August 2005 and August 2016. Primary endpoints were spontaneous stone passage and need for stone-related surgical intervention...
April 19, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675948/pattern-of-care-and-survival-of-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-rearranged-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-alk-nsclc-in-an-australian-metropolitan-tertiary-referral-centre-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#11
Malinda Itchins, Sarah A Hayes, Anthony J Gill, Wendy Cooper, Rachel O'Connell, Viive M Howell, Stephen J Clarke, Nick Pavlakis
AIM: To report on the pattern of care and survival of anaplastic lymphoma kinase rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (ALK+NSCLC) in a real-world retrospective cohort from an Australian tertiary referral center. METHODS: Individuals with a pathological diagnosis of ALK+NSCLC via immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization and a radiological diagnosis of stage IV disease were eligible. Patients were identified via the Pathology Department specimen database and electronic patient chart review...
April 19, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675816/brc4env-a-network-of-biological-resource-centres-for-research-in-environmental-and-agricultural-sciences
#12
Christian Mougin, Emmanuelle Artige, Frédéric Marchand, Samuel Mondy, Céline Ratié, Nadine Sellier, Philippe Castagnone-Sereno, Armelle Cœur D'Acier, Daniel Esmenjaud, Céline Faivre-Primot, Laurent Granjon, Valérie Hamelet, Frederic Lange, Sylvie Pagès, Frédéric Rimet, Nicolas Ris, Guillaume Sallé
The Biological Resource Centre for the Environment BRC4Env is a network of Biological Resource Centres (BRCs) and collections whose leading objectives are to improve the visibility of genetic and biological resources maintained by its BRCs and collections and to facilitate their use by a large research community, from agriculture research to life sciences and environmental sciences. Its added value relies on sharing skills, harmonizing practices, triggering projects in comparative biology, and ultimately proposing a single-entry portal to facilitate access to documented samples, taking into account the partnership policies of research institutions as well as the legal frame which varies with the biological nature of resources...
April 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675759/a-comparative-study-of-surgical-drain-placement-and-the-use-of-kinesiologic-tape-to-reduce-postoperative-morbidity-after-third-molar-surgery
#13
Aysenur Genc, Sirmahan Cakarer, Basak Keskin Yalcin, Beril Berivan Kilic, Sabri Cemil Isler, Cengizhan Keskin
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to compare the effects of the surgical drain and kinesiotape applications on postoperative morbidity after mandibular third molar surgery in a split-mouth study design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-centre, split-mouth study was performed in 23 patients who needed surgical removal of bilateral mandibular third molars. Each patient was treated with a drain tube on one side of the mandible and Kinesio tape (KT) on the contralateral side. RESULTS: Swelling was significantly greater in the KT group than in the drain group throughout the study period...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674366/can-interprofessional-teamwork-reduce-patient-throughput-times-a-longitudinal-single-centre-study-of-three-different-triage-processes-at-a-swedish-emergency-department
#14
Jenny Liu, Italo Masiello, Sari Ponzer, Nasim Farrokhnia
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact on emergency department (ED) throughput times and proportion of patients who leave without being seen by a physician (LWBS) of two triage interventions, where comprehensive nurse-led triage was first replaced by senior physician-led triage and then by interprofessional teamwork. DESIGN: Single-centre before-and-after study. SETTING: Adult ED of a Swedish urban hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients arriving on weekdays 08:00 to 21:00 during three 1-year periods in the interval May 2012 to November 2015...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673808/differences-in-recurrence-and-survival-of-extremity-liposarcoma-subtypes
#15
M Vos, H Koseła-Paterczyk, P Rutkowski, G J L H van Leenders, M Normantowicz, A Lecyk, S Sleijfer, C Verhoef, D J Grünhagen
BACKGROUND: Liposarcomas can be divided into four subtypes and are most frequently located in the extremities. There are currently no studies comparing the clinical outcomes, such as local recurrence and distant metastasis, between the distinct subtypes of primary LPS of the extremity specifically. METHODS: Retrospective databases of two expertise centres (Rotterdam-R, Warsaw-W) of patients with liposarcoma located in the extremities from 1985 to 2015 were used to analyse 5-year local recurrence-free survival (5y-LRFS), 5-year distant metastasis-free survival (5y-DMFS) and 5-year overall survival (5y-OS)...
April 6, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673771/posaconazole-vs-voriconazole-in-the-prevention-of-invasive-fungal-diseases-in-patients-with-haematological-malignancies-a-retrospective-study
#16
L Tang, X-F Yang, M Qiao, L Zhang, X-W Tang, H-Y Qiu, D-P Wu, A-N Sun
BACKGROUND: Posaconazole is superior to fluconazole or itraconazole in preventing invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) in patients with haematological malignancies; however, there have been reports of the comparing posaconazole and voriconazole. METHODS: This single-centre, retrospective study in China enrolled AML, ALL and MDS patients, among others. Prophylaxis with posaconazole or voriconazole was administered for patients recovering from neutropenia or who had achieved complete remission...
April 16, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673275/predicting-surgical-success-in-patients-with-idiopathic-epiretinal-membrane-using-the-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-segmentation-module-for-single-retinal-layer-analysis
#17
Robert Kromer, Clara Vogt, Lars Wagenfeld, Martin Stephan Spitzer, Birthe Stemplewitz
Introduction Idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) is a proliferation of cells formed on the internal surface of the retina and may cause a slow decrease in visual acuity (VA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the individual layers of the retina by optical coherence tomography (OCT) before and after vitrectomy with ERM peeling in order to refine surgical decision-making. Methods Forty-seven eyes of 45 patients (aged 55-87 years) with ERM were enrolled retrospectively from a tertiary referral centre. OCT examination was performed preoperatively and at a mean of 3...
April 19, 2018: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673013/postural-control-during-a-transition-task-in-haemophilic-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-haemophilic-ankle-arthropathy
#18
K Deschamps, F Staes, M Eerdekens, K Peerlinck, C Hermans, J Vandesande, S Lobet
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether young haemophilic boys with and without MRI-based signs of ankle arthropathy demonstrate reduced balance ability during a transition task with eyes open and eyes closed. METHODS: Thirty-four haemophilic bodies and 28 typically developing boys aged 6-20 years participated to this study. Structural integrity of the tarsal foot joints of all haemophilic boys was assessed with MRI. All participants performed a standard transition task from double-leg stance to single-leg stance with eyes open and eyes closed...
April 19, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672737/prevalence-persistence-and-clinical-correlations-of-classic-and-novel-antiphospholipid-antibodies-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Tess Marchetti, Camillo Ribi, Thomas Perneger, Marten Trendelenburg, Uyen Huynh-Do, Philippe de Moerloose, Carlo Chizzolini
Objectives: aPL are frequently present in SLE. In a well characterized SLE cohort we aimed at investigating the prevalence of aPL and assessing their analytical performance and clinical association by testing criteria specificities including LA, aCL IgG and IgM, anti-β2-glycoprotein 1 (antiβ2GP1) IgG and IgM, as well as the non-criteria aPS-PT IgG and IgM and anti-β2GP1 domain 1 (aD1) IgG. Methods: We included 178 patients satisfying the ACR SLE classification criteria, from whom 283 samples and thrombotic events were collected longitudinally...
April 17, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672709/surveillance-of-travel-associated-diseases-at-two-referral-centres-in-marseille-france-a-12-year-survey
#20
Karolina M Griffiths, Hélène Savini, Philippe Brouqui, Fabrice Simon, Philippe Parola, Philippe Gautret
Background: With increasing international travel and historically high numbers of residents visiting friends and relatives overseas, travel-associated illnesses are frequent in Marseille, France. We report the changing epidemiology of travel-related illnesses over a 12-year period. Methods: A single site GeoSentinel surveillance analysis was undertaken for 3460 ill returned travellers presenting to two public hospitals in Marseille, France from March 2003 to October 2015, with travel-related illnesses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
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