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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438525/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-trans-female-youth-s-access-to-health-care-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#1
Elizabeth A Johns, Harry Jin, Colette L Auerswald, Erin C Wilson
PURPOSE: Trans*female youth (TFY) are an underserved population at risk for a variety of poor health outcomes, in part related to barriers to accessing health and mental health care. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data collected with 250 TFY aged 16-24 years in the San Francisco Bay Area from 2012 to 2014. Logistic regression was used to test associations between sociodemographic variables and barriers to gender identity-based medical and mental health care...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438037/evaluation-of-tobacco-control-policies-in-san-francisco-homeless-housing-programs
#2
Hyojin Sung, Dorie E Apollonio
BACKGROUND: The 2014 Surgeon General's Report noted that high smoking rates in vulnerable populations such as the homeless have been a persistent public health problem; smoking prevalence among individuals experiencing homelessness exceeds 70%. Historically, service providers for the homeless have not enacted comprehensive tobacco control policies. METHOD: We conducted a qualitative study of homeless housing programs in San Francisco. Administrators representing 9 of the city's 11 homeless service agencies were interviewed to assess institutional smoking-related policies and cessation programs and perceived barriers and receptivity to instituting tobacco control interventions...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436006/good-cop-better-cop-evaluation-of-a-geriatrics-training-program-for-police
#3
Rebecca T Brown, Cyrus Ahalt, Josette Rivera, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, Angela Wilhelm, Brie A Williams
OBJECTIVES: To develop, implement, and evaluate a training program in aging-related health for police officers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Crisis intervention training program for police officers in San Francisco. PARTICIPANTS: Police officers attending one of five 2-hour trainings (N = 143). INTERVENTION: A lecture on aging-related health conditions pertinent to police work followed by three experiential trainings on how it feels to be "old...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434809/real-world-performance-of-the-new-us-hiv-testing-algorithm-in-medical-settings
#4
Kara G Marson, Robert Marlin, Phong Pham, Stephanie E Cohen, Diane Jones, Marguerite Roemer, Philip J Peters, Barbara Haller, Christopher D Pilcher
BACKGROUND: Our medical center laboratory recently adapted its 24/7, two-hourly testing program to use an ARCHITECT-Multispot-viral load (AR-MS-VL) algorithm in place of a previous rapid test-immunofluorescence (RT-IF) algorithm. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated screening test performance, acute case detection, turnaround time and ability to resolve HIV status under the new algorithm. STUDY DESIGN: We considered consecutive HIV tests from January to November 2015...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427934/cognitive-subtypes-of-probable-alzheimer-s-disease-robustly-identified-in%C3%A2-four-cohorts
#5
Nienke M E Scheltens, Betty M Tijms, Teddy Koene, Frederik Barkhof, Charlotte E Teunissen, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Michael Wagner, Johannes Kornhuber, Oliver Peters, Brendan I Cohn-Sheehy, Gil D Rabinovici, Bruce L Miller, Joel H Kramer, Philip Scheltens, Wiesje M van der Flier
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) show heterogeneity in profile of cognitive impairment. We aimed to identify cognitive subtypes in four large AD cohorts using a data-driven clustering approach. METHODS: We included probable AD dementia patients from the Amsterdam Dementia Cohort (n = 496), Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (n = 376), German Dementia Competence Network (n = 521), and University of California, San Francisco (n = 589)...
April 17, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427441/physical-activity-among-children-objective-measurements-using-fitbit-one-%C3%A2-and-actigraph
#6
Lotta Hamari, Tiina Kullberg, Jukka Ruohonen, Olli J Heinonen, Natalia Díaz-Rodríguez, Johan Lilius, Anni Pakarinen, Annukka Myllymäki, Ville Leppänen, Sanna Salanterä
BACKGROUND: Self-quantification of health parameters is becoming more popular; thus, the validity of the devices requires assessments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of Fitbit One step counts (Fitbit Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA) against Actigraph wActisleep-BT step counts (ActiGraph, LLC, Pensacola, FL, USA) for measuring habitual physical activity among children. DESIGN: The study was implemented as a cross-sectional experimental design in which participants carried two waist-worn activity monitors for five consecutive days...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426856/adjunctive-oral-voriconazole-treatment-of-fusarium-keratitis-a-secondary-analysis-from-the-mycotic-ulcer-treatment-trial-ii
#7
N Venkatesh Prajna, Tiruvengada Krishnan, Revathi Rajaraman, Sushila Patel, Ranjeet Shah, Muthiah Srinivasan, Lumbini Devi, Manoranjan Das, Kathryn J Ray, Kieran S O'Brien, Catherine E Oldenburg, Stephen D McLeod, Michael E Zegans, Nisha R Acharya, Thomas M Lietman, Jennifer Rose-Nussbaumer
Importance: Fusarium keratitis is common and often results in poor outcomes. No new treatments since natamycin have become available. Objective: To explore the role of adjuvant oral voriconazole on clinical outcomes in Fusarium keratitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prespecified subgroup analysis of a multicenter, double-masked, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial, 240 patients from the Aravind Eye Care System in India, the Lumbini Eye Hospital and Bharatpur Eye Hospital in Nepal, and the University of California, San Francisco, who had culture-positive fungal ulcer and baseline visual acuity of 20/400 or worse were randomized to receive oral voriconazole vs placebo...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423207/nano-lc-ms-ms-analysis-of-steroids-from-gray-whale-blubber
#8
Mary Hayden, Ruchika Bhawal, John Escobedo, Clinton Harmon, Todd O'Hara, David Klein, Susan San-Francisco, Masoud Zabet-Moghaddam, Céline A J Godard-Codding
RATIONALE: Analysis of steroids from precious blubber biopsies obtained from marine mammals, especially endangered species, can provide valuable information on their endocrine status. Challenges with currently used ELISA methodology include lack of absolute quantitation and incompatibility with multiple steroids analysis due to limited biopsy mass. Development of a sensitive, accurate analytical method for this purpose is critical. METHODS: A nanoLC/MS/MS method was validated for sensitive, specific and quantitative analysis of three steroid hormones, without derivatization, extracted from 50 mg blubber samples...
April 19, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419398/pre-existing-rpe-atrophy-and-defects-in-the-external-limiting-membrane-predict-early-poor-visual-response-to-ranibizumab-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#9
Souska Zandi, Florian Weisskopf, Justus G Garweg, Isabel B Pfister, Christian Pruente, Florian Sutter, Katja Hatz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the rate of early visual acuity poor responders in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) after the first intravitreal injection of ranibizumab (Lucentis; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA) and to determine potential predictors for early response. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with choroidal neovascularization secondary to AMD were evaluated before and 1 month after their first ranibizumab treatment...
April 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419012/a-novel-needle-free-blood-draw-device-for-sample-collection-from-short-peripheral-catheters
#10
Caprice Cadacio, Irving Nachamkin
A new US Food and Drug Administration-cleared needleless blood collection device (PIVO; Velano Vascular, San Francisco, CA) for short peripheral catheters was compared with conventional venipuncture for collecting blood samples for routine laboratory analysis from adult healthy volunteers. The PIVO device was comparable with venipuncture in terms of providing high-integrity samples (no hemolysis or clotting), equivalent laboratory values, and better patient experience as assessed by pain scores. Further studies to assess the overall utility of the PIVO device are warranted...
May 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413399/hsv-1-hsv-2-infection-related-cancers-in-bantu-populations-driving-hiv-1-prevalence-in-africa-tracking-the-origin-of-aids-at-the-onset-of-the-20th-century
#11
Jacqueline Le Goaster, Patrice Bouree, Franck N El Sissy, Florence Phuong Bui, Johanna Pokossy Epee, Paul Rollin, Frédéric Tangy, Anne-Lise Haenni
INTRODUCTION: At the onset of the 20th century, ancient clinical observations of cancer epidemics in Bantu populations of Sub-Saharan Africa were discovered. They were reported from 1914 to 1960, but remained unexplained. In 1983, in San Francisco, Calif., USA, cancer epidemics were related to infections by the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) known as AIDS disease. Yet since 1996, it is known that HIV-1 strains are not the only ones involved. In Sub-Saharan Africa, recurrent orobuccal herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and genital recurrent herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) appeared many times prior to infection by HIV-1...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402692/racial-ethnic-differences-in-women-s-experiences-of-reproductive-coercion-intimate-partner-violence-and-unintended-pregnancy
#12
Charvonne N Holliday, Heather L McCauley, Jay G Silverman, Edmund Ricci, Michele R Decker, Daniel J Tancredi, Jessica G Burke, Patricia Documét, Sonya Borrero, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To explore racial/ethnic differences in reproductive coercion (RC), intimate partner violence (IPV), and unintended pregnancy (UIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional, baseline data from an intervention that was conducted between August 2008 and March 2009 in five family planning clinics in the San Francisco, California area, to examine the association of race/ethnicity with RC, IPV, and UIP among female patients aged 16-29 (n = 1234)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400898/many-neurology-readmissions-are-nonpreventable
#13
Sidney T Le, S Andrew Josephson, Hans A Puttgen, Lorrie Gibson, Elan L Guterman, Heather M Leicester, Carla L Graf, John C Probasco
INTRODUCTION: Reducing unplanned hospital readmissions has become a national focus due to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' (CMS) penalties for hospitals with high rates. A first step in reducing unplanned readmission is to understand which patients are at high risk for readmission, which readmissions are planned, and how well planned readmissions are currently captured in comparison to patient-level chart review. METHODS: We examined all 5455 inpatient neurology admissions over a 2-year period to University of California San Francisco Medical Center and Johns Hopkins Hospital via chart review...
April 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399965/impact-of-euro-american-sublineages-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-on-new-infections-among-named-contacts
#14
J-Y Feng, L G Jarlsberg, J Rose, J A Grinsdale, M Janes, J Higashi, D H Osmond, P Nahid, P C Hopewell, M Kato-Maeda
BACKGROUND: The impact of demographic, clinical, and bacterial factors on new infection by Euro-American lineage Mycobacterium tuberculosis among contacts of patients with tuberculosis (TB) has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the risk factors for new infection by Euro-American M. tuberculosis sublineages in San Francisco, California. DESIGN: We included contacts of patients with TB due to Euro-American M. tuberculosis. Sublineages were determined by large-sequence polymorphisms...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399748/around-the-world
#15
(no author information available yet)
1 Primary Care Congress 2017 21-22 August, San Francisco, US tinyurl.com/primary-care-sanfran.
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399716/the-lgbtqi-health-forum-an-innovative-interprofessional-initiative-to-support-curriculum-reform
#16
Hannan M Braun, David Ramirez, Greg J Zahner, Eva Mae Gillis-Buck, Heather Sheriff, Marcus Ferrone
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) individuals continue to face barriers to accessing appropriate and comprehensive healthcare. Compounding this problem, healthcare trainees report few training opportunities and low levels of preparedness to care for LGBTQI patients. In 2009, an interprofessional group of students and a faculty advisor at the University of California, San Francisco, developed a novel student-organized LGBTQI Health Forum for medical, dental, pharmacy, nursing, and physical therapy students to deliver LGBTQI health content that was otherwise absent from the formal curriculum...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399024/immediate-reconstruction-for-plantar-melanoma-a-paradigm-shift
#17
Hunter Oliver-Allen, Merisa Piper, Carolyn Vaughn, Hani Sbitany
INTRODUCTION: Plantar melanoma tumors are traditionally treated with wide local excision based on depth of invasion, followed by delayed reconstruction once negative surgical margins are confirmed. However, delayed reconstruction requires care for an open wound, a prolonged treatment course, and the need for an additional surgery. Immediate reconstruction has been shown to be oncologically safe in head and neck melanoma, but little is described in the literature regarding immediate reconstruction in plantar melanoma...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394752/the-risks-of-opioid-treatment-perspectives-of-primary-care-practitioners-and-patients-from-safety-net-clinics
#18
Emily E Hurstak, Margot Kushel, Jamie Chang, Rachel Ceasar, Kara Zamora, Christine Miaskowski, Kelly Knight
BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of substance use are more likely than those without substance use to experience chronic noncancer pain (CNCP), to be prescribed opioids, and to experience opioid misuse or overdose. Primary care practitioners (PCPs) in safety-net settings care for low-income patients with CNCP and substance use, usually without specialist consultation. To inform communication related to opioid risk, we explored PCPs' and patients' perceptions of the risks of chronic opioid therapy...
April 10, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393314/real-world-treatment-patterns-in-advanced-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-in-the-era-of-targeted-therapy-perspectives-from-an-academic-tertiary-center-and-community-oncology-practices
#19
Maurice Herring, Lynn Huynh, Mei Sheng Duh, Francis Vekeman, Audrey Tiew, Maureen Neary, Emily Bergsland
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) are rare, slow-growing cancers. Optimal treatment of advanced pNETs is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine treatment patterns and preferences among an academic tertiary medical center and community-based oncology practices. Retrospective chart review was performed for patients with newly diagnosed locally advanced, metastatic, or unresectable pNET diagnosed between January 2010 and December 2013 at an academic tertiary cancer center [University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)] or a large network of community oncology practices [Altos Solutions' OncoEMR database (ALTOS)]...
May 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381967/a-model-to-explain-temperature-dependent-systemic-infection-of-potato-plants-by-potato-virus-y
#20
Kyung San Choi, Francisco Del Toro, Francisco Tenllado, Tomas Canto, Bong Nam Chung
The effect of temperature on the rate of systemic infection of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Chu-Baek) by Potato virus Y (PVY) was studied in growth chambers. Systemic infection of PVY was observed only within the temperature range of 16°C to 32°C. Within this temperature range, the time required for a plant to become infected systemically decreased from 14 days at 20°C to 5.7 days at 28°C. The estimated lower thermal threshold was 15.6°C and the thermal constant was 65.6 degree days. A systemic infection model was constructed based on experimental data, using the infection rate (Lactin-2 model) and the infection distribution (three-parameter Weibull function) models, which accurately described the completion rate curves to systemic infection and the cumulative distributions obtained in the PVY-potato system, respectively...
April 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
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