keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

San Francisco

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106498/performing-concurrent-operations-in-academic-vascular-neurosurgery-does-not-affect-patient-outcomes
#1
Corinna C Zygourakis, Janelle Lee, Julio Barba, Errol Lobo, Michael T Lawton
OBJECTIVE Concurrent surgeries, also known as "running two rooms" or simultaneous/overlapping operations, have recently come under intense scrutiny. The goal of this study was to evaluate the operative time and outcomes of concurrent versus nonconcurrent vascular neurosurgical procedures. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed 1219 procedures performed by 1 vascular neurosurgeon from 2012 to 2015 at the University of California, San Francisco. Data were collected on patient age, sex, severity of illness, risk of mortality, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status, procedure type, admission type, insurance, transfer source, procedure time, presence of resident or fellow in operating room (OR), number of co-surgeons, estimated blood loss (EBL), concurrent vs nonconcurrent case, severe sepsis, acute respiratory failure, postoperative stroke causing neurological deficit, unplanned return to OR, 30-day mortality, and 30-day unplanned readmission...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100725/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-mapt-locus-influencing-human-plasma-tau-levels
#2
Jason Chen, Jin-Tai Yu, Kevin Wojta, Hui-Fu Wang, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Jennifer S Yokoyama, Michael W Weiner, Joel H Kramer, Howard Rosen, Bruce L Miller, Giovanni Coppola, Adam L Boxer
OBJECTIVE: To identify genetic loci associated with plasma tau concentrations in healthy elders and individuals with Alzheimer disease. METHODS: Four hundred sixty-three non-Hispanic white individuals exceeding quality control criteria were included from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI-1) cohort. Association of plasma tau with genetic polymorphisms was performed with a linear regression model. Significant associations were validated in an independent replication cohort consisting of 431 healthy elders or individuals with mild cognitive impairment recruited from the University of California, San Francisco Memory and Aging Center...
January 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097614/comprehensive-and-medically-appropriate-food-support-is-associated-with-improved-hiv-and-diabetes-health
#3
Kartika Palar, Tessa Napoles, Lee L Hufstedler, Hilary Seligman, Fredrick M Hecht, Kimberly Madsen, Mark Ryle, Simon Pitchford, Edward A Frongillo, Sheri D Weiser
Food insecurity is associated with negative chronic health outcomes, yet few studies have examined how providing medically appropriate food assistance to food-insecure individuals may improve health outcomes in resource-rich settings. We evaluated a community-based food support intervention in the San Francisco Bay Area for people living with HIV and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and potential impact of the intervention on nutritional, mental health, disease management, healthcare utilization, and physical health outcomes...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088848/mercury-bioaccumulation-in-estuarine-fishes-novel-insights-from-sulfur-stable-isotopes
#4
James J Willacker, Collin A Eagles-Smith, Joshua T Ackerman
Estuaries are transitional habitats characterized by complex biogeochemical and ecological gradients that result in substantial variation in fish total mercury concentrations (THg). We leveraged these gradients and used carbon (δ(13)C), nitrogen (δ(15)N), and sulfur (δ(34)S) stable isotopes to examine the ecological and biogeochemical processes underlying THg bioaccumulation in fishes from the San Francisco Bay Estuary. We employed a tiered approach that first examined processes influencing variation in fish THg among wetlands, and subsequently examined the roles of habitat and within-wetland processes in generating larger-scale patterns in fish THg...
January 15, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073507/evidence-of-freshwater-algal-toxins-in-marine-shellfish-implications-for-human-and-aquatic-health
#5
Corinne M Gibble, Melissa B Peacock, Raphael M Kudela
The occurrence of freshwater harmful algal bloom toxins impacting the coastal ocean is an emerging threat, and the potential for invertebrate prey items to concentrate toxin and cause harm to human and wildlife consumers is not yet fully recognized. We examined toxin uptake and release in marine mussels for both particulate and dissolved phases of the hepatotoxin microcystin, produced by the freshwater cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. We also extended our experimental investigation of particulate toxin to include oysters (Crassostrea sp...
November 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062685/development-and-validation-of-the-increment-esbl-predictive-score-for-mortality-in-patients-with-bloodstream-infections-due-to-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae
#6
Zaira Raquel Palacios-Baena, Belén Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, Marina De Cueto, Pierluigi Viale, Mario Venditti, Alicia Hernández-Torres, Antonio Oliver, Luis Martínez-Martínez, Esther Calbo, Vicente Pintado, Oriol Gasch, Benito Almirante, José Antonio Lepe, Johann Pitout, Murat Akova, Carmen Peña-Miralles, Mitchell J Schwaber, Mario Tumbarello, Evelina Tacconelli, Julia Origüen, Nuria Prim, German Bou, Helen Giamarellou, Joaquín Bermejo, Axel Hamprecht, Federico Pérez, Manuel Almela, Warren Lowman, Po-Ren Hsueh, Carolina Navarro-San Francisco, Julián Torre-Cisneros, Yehuda Carmeli, Robert A Bonomo, David L Paterson, Álvaro Pascual, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSIs) due to ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) are frequent yet outcome prediction rules for clinical use have not been developed. The objective was to define and validate a predictive risk score for 30 day mortality. METHODS: A multinational retrospective cohort study including consecutive episodes of BSI due to ESBL-E was performed; cases were randomly assigned to a derivation cohort (DC) or a validation cohort (VC)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060398/incomplete-retinal-vascularization-after-ranibizumab-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#7
Shelley Day, Annis M Rainey, Clio A Harper
A former 24-week-old premature infant was treated with intravitreal ranibizumab (Lucentis; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA) in one eye and conventional laser in the other eye for aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity in both eyes. Fluorescein angiography performed at 149 weeks of age showed persistent avascularity of the temporal peripheral retina in the ranibizumab-treated eye. This case report confirms the need for long-term follow-up of patients treated with ranibizumab monotherapy. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina...
January 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059835/donor-liver-small-droplet-macrovesicular-steatosis-is-associated-with-increased-risk-for-recipient-allograft-rejection
#8
Won-Tak Choi, Kuang-Yu Jen, Dongliang Wang, Mehdi Tavakol, John P Roberts, Ryan M Gill
Although donor livers with <30% large droplet macrovesicular steatosis (MaS) and/or small droplet MaS (irrespective of percentage) are considered safe to use, this consensus is based on variable definitions of MaS subtypes and/or without a reproducible scoring system. We analyzed 134 donor liver biopsies from allografts transplanted at University of California at San Francisco between 2000 and 2015 to determine whether large and/or small droplet MaS is a risk factor for poor outcomes. Large droplet MaS was defined as a fat droplet occupying greater than one half of an individual hepatocyte, with nuclear displacement, and scored as the percentage of total parenchymal area replaced by large fat droplets on ×40 magnification...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056563/a-survey-of-licensed-acupuncturists-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#9
Donald Abrams, Michael McCulloch, Misha Cohen, Mike Liaw, Deborah Silverman, Carla Wilson
BACKGROUND: Many cancer patients seek traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the prevalence varying with diagnosis, comorbidities, and demographics. Interventions sought include acupuncture, massage, herbs, diet, and exercise, usually combined with conventional therapies. It is not known what proportion of TCM practitioners care for cancer patients, their cancer specific training or caseload, what interventions they employ, their outcomes, and their communication patterns with conventional oncologists...
January 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054105/comparative-developmental-toxicity-of-desalination-brine-and-sulfate-dominated-saltwater-in-a-euryhaline-fish
#10
Allison Kupsco, Rafid Sikder, Daniel Schlenk
Desalination is a promising sustainable solution to meet growing water needs of cities across the United States. However, the environmental impacts of the resulting filtrate (brine) discharged to surface water need to be evaluated before large-scale desalination can be successful in the United States. Developing fish are especially sensitive to changes in salinity and varying ionic composition. Limited research is available on the impacts of hypersalinity on chronic vertebrate embryonic development, particularly on sublethal effects...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052081/population-abundance-of-the-endangered-galapagos-sea-lion-zalophus-wollebaeki-in-the-southeastern-galapagos-archipelago
#11
Marjorie Riofrío-Lazo, Francisco Arreguín-Sánchez, Diego Páez-Rosas
There is great concern regarding the population status of the endangered Galapagos sea lion (GSL) because it has drastically decreased over the last 30 years. We determined the population size and growth trend of the GSL in the Galapagos southeastern region (SER) at three population levels based on the available census data: 1) SER (2011-2015), including 13 rookeries on the four islands San Cristóbal (SC), Española, Floreana, and Santa Fe, comprising 58% of the archipelago's population; 2) SC (2011-2015), including five rookeries, comprising 52% of the SER population; and 3) El Malecón (2005-2015), the largest rookery on SC and in the SER (43% of the population on SC and 22% in the SER)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043964/interview-with-the-guest-editor-andrew-ewald
#12
(no author information available yet)
Andrew Ewald is an Associate Professor of Cell Biology, Oncology and Biomedical Engineering at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. He joined the Johns Hopkins faculty in 2008, after postdoctoral work with Zena Werb in mammary biology and cancer at the University of California, San Francisco. Andrew earned his PhD in 2003 in biochemistry and molecular biophysics from the California Institute of Technology, studying with Scott Fraser. Andrew studies how organs form and how breast cancer progresses to metastasis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040449/women-s-beliefs-about-the-purpose-and-value-of-routine-pelvic-examinations
#13
Laura L Norrell, Miriam Kuppermann, Michelle N Moghadassi, George F Sawaya
BACKGROUND: The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that a pelvic examination be offered to asymptomatic women after an informed discussion with their provider. While the adverse health outcomes the examination averts were not delineated, the organization stated that it helps establish open communication between patients and physicians. Recent surveys have focused on obstetrician-gynecologists' attitudes and beliefs about the examination, but the perspectives of women have not been well characterized...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039068/preserving-older-adults-routine-outdoor-activities-in-contrasting-neighborhood-environments-through-a-physical-activity-intervention
#14
Abby C King, Deborah Salvo, Jorge A Banda, David K Ahn, James E Chapman, Thomas M Gill, Roger A Fielding, Jamehl Demons, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Andrea Rosso, Marco Pahor, Lawrence D Frank
: While neighborhood design can potentially influence routine outdoor physical activities (PA), little is known concerning its effects on such activities among older adults attempting to increase their PA levels. We evaluated the effects of living in neighborhoods differing in compactness on changes in routine outdoor activities (e.g., walking, gardening, yard work) among older adults at increased mobility disability risk participating in the LIFE-Pilot PA trial (2003-07; ages 70-89years; from Dallas, TX, San Francisco Bay area, Pittsburgh, PA, and Winston-Salem, NC)...
December 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038728/comments-on-the-2016-esc-guidelines-for-the-management-of-atrial-fibrillation
#15
F Arribas, Fernando Arribas, Inmaculada Roldán, José Luis Merino, Vanessa Roldán, Ÿngel Arenal, Juan Tamargo, Ricardo Ruiz-Granell, Lluís Mont, Manuel Anguita, Francisco Marín, Vivencio Barrios Alonso, Gonzalo Barón, Esquivias, Juan Cosín Sales, Ernesto Díaz Infante, Carlos Escobar Cervantes, José Luis Ferreiro Gutiérrez, José M Guerra Ramos, Francisco Javier Jiménez Candil, Nicasio Pérez Castellano, Antonia Sambola Ayala, Antonio Tello Montoliu, Alberto San Román, Fernando Alfonso, Fernando Arribas, Arturo Evangelista, Ignacio Ferreira, Manuel Jiménez, Francisco Marín, Leopoldo Pérez de Isla, Luis Rodríguez Padial, Pedro L Sánchez, Alessandro Sionis, Rafael Vázquez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035235/ancestry-and-adaptive-evolution-of-anadromous-resident-and-adfluvial-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area-application-of-adaptive-genomic-variation-to-conservation-in-a-highly-impacted-landscape
#16
Maeva Leitwein, John Carlos Garza, Devon E Pearse
The streams draining of into San Francisco Bay, California, have been impacted by habitat alteration for over 150 years, and roads, dams, water diversions, and other impediments now block the paths of many aquatic migratory species. These changes can affect the genetic structure of fish populations, as well as driving adaptive evolution to novel environmental conditions. Here, we determine the evolutionary relationships of San Francisco Bay Area steelhead/rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) populations and show that (i) they are more closely related to native coastal steelhead than to the California Central Valley lineage, with no evidence of introgression by domesticated hatchery rainbow trout, (ii) populations above and below barriers within watersheds are each other's closest relatives, and (iii) adaptive genomic variation associated with migratory life-history traits in O...
January 2017: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031377/urine-cotinine-screening-detect-nearly-ubiquitous-tobacco-smoke-exposure-in-urban-adolescents
#17
Neal L Benowitz, Shonul Jain, Delia A Dempsey, Natalie Nardone, Gideon St Helen, Peyton Jacob
INTRODUCTION: Routine biochemical assessment of tobacco smoke exposure could lead to more effective interventions to reduce or prevent secondhand smoke (SHS)-related disease in adolescents. Our aim was to determine using urine cotinine (major nicotine metabolite) measurement the prevalence of tobacco smoke exposure among adolescents receiving outpatient care at an urban public hospital. METHODS: Surplus urine was collected in 466 adolescents attending pediatric or urgent care clinics at San Francisco General Hospital, serving families with lower levels of income and education, in 2013-14...
December 28, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030640/patterns-of-bat-distribution-and-foraging-activity-in-a-highly-urbanized-temperate-environment
#18
Jennifer J Krauel, Gretchen LeBuhn
Understanding how to manage biodiversity in urban areas will become increasingly important as density of humans residing in urban centers increases and urban areas expand. While considerable research has documented the shifts in biodiversity along urbanization gradients, much less work has focused on how characteristics of dense urban centers, effectively novel environments, influence behavior and biodiversity. Urban bats in San Francisco provide an opportunity to document changes in behavior and biodiversity to very high-density development...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029695/sense-of-control-in-end-of-life-decision-making
#19
Rafael D Romo, Theresa A Allison, Alexander K Smith, Margaret I Wallhagen
OBJECTIVES: To explore how older adults in the community with a limited life expectancy make healthcare decisions and the processes used when they are not in an acute crisis. DESIGN: Grounded theory. SETTING: Medical programs and geriatrics clinics at the University of California, San Francisco, and the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults aged 67 to 98 with a life expectancy of less than 1 year (N = 20)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029151/temporal-stability-in-patterns-of-genetic-diversity-and-structure-of-a-marine-foundation-species-zostera-marina
#20
L K Reynolds, J J Stachowicz, A R Hughes, S J Kamel, B S Ort, R K Grosberg
Genetic diversity and population structure reflect complex interactions among a diverse set of processes that may vary temporally, limiting their potential to predict ecological and evolutionary outcomes. Yet, the stability of these patterns is rarely tested. We resampled eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadows from published studies to determine variability in genetic diversity and structure within and between meadows over 5-12 years. The meadows sampled (San Francisco, Tomales and Bodega Bays in California and the Virginia coastal bays) represent a range of life histories (annual vs perennial), age (well-established vs restored) and environments (rural vs urbanized)...
December 28, 2016: Heredity
keyword
keyword
57000
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"