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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220311/examining-the-effects-of-transphobic-discrimination-and-race-on-hiv-risk-among-transwomen-in-san-francisco
#1
Sean Arayasirikul, Erin C Wilson, Henry F Raymond
Transwomen, in particular transwomen of color (TWOC), are among the most vulnerable populations at risk for HIV. This secondary analysis is organized using a gender minority stress framework to examine the effects of transphobic discrimination and race on HIV risk factors. We describe the sample of 149 HIV- adult transwomen in San Francisco and use binary logistic regression to examine the relationship between levels of transphobic discrimination and TWOC status on binge drinking and condomless receptive anal intercourse (CRAI), controlling for potential confounders...
February 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218937/academic-detailing-pilot-for-naloxone-prescribing-among-primary-care-providers-in-san-francisco
#2
Emily Behar, Christopher Rowe, Glenn-Milo Santos, Nina Santos, Phillip O Coffin
BACKGROUND: Improving the safety of prescribed opioids in clinical settings is a national priority. While co-prescribing naloxone is increasingly recommended, there is little understanding of the optimal way to implement this practice. METHODS: We developed and delivered an academic detailing intervention to 40 randomly selected opioid-prescribing primary care providers in San Francisco from February to May 2015. Process outcomes were tracked and included provider demographics, number and type of contact attempts, reason for refusal (if applicable), name of detailer, duration of intervention, topics covered, provider concerns, and follow-up plan...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213910/the-virtual-dental-home-a-critique
#3
Jay W Friedman, David A Nash, Kavita R Mathu-Muju
The Virtual Dental Home is a concept of the Pacific Center for Special Care of the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco. It is designed to improve access to dental care for underserved populations, specifically children and institutionalized adults. This article describes the development and implementation of the Virtual Dental Home, subsequently critiquing the concept. The criteria for a dental home are not met by the program. It is the equivalent of a traditional public oral health prevention and screening program, with the additional dimension of allowing dental hygienists and assistants to place interim glass ionomer restorations in dental cavities...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203601/accredited-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-fellowship-websites-an-updated-assessment-of-accessibility-and-content
#4
Michael Yayac, Mitra Javandal, Mary K Mulcahey
BACKGROUND: A substantial number of orthopaedic surgeons apply for sports medicine fellowships after residency completion. The Internet is one of the most important resources applicants use to obtain information about fellowship programs, with the program website serving as one of the most influential sources. The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM), San Francisco Match (SFM), and Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA) maintain databases of orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship programs...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203412/predictive-models-of-malignant-transudative-pleural-effusions
#5
Lucía Ferreiro, Francisco Gude, María E Toubes, Adriana Lama, Juan Suárez-Antelo, Esther San-José, Francisco Javier González-Barcala, Antonio Golpe, José M Álvarez-Dobaño, Carlos Rábade, Nuria Rodríguez-Núñez, Carla Díaz-Louzao, Luis Valdés
BACKGROUND: There are no firm recommendations when cytology should be performed in pleural transudates, since some malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) behave biochemically as transudates. The objective was to assess when would be justified to perform cytology on pleural transudates. METHODS: Consecutive patients with transudative pleural effusion (PE) were enrolled and divided in two groups: malignant and non-MPE. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the probability of malignancy...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197995/explaining-academic-track-boys-underachievement-in-language-grades-not-a-lack-of-aptitude-but-students-motivational-beliefs-and-parents-perceptions
#6
Anke Heyder, Ursula Kessels, Ricarda Steinmayr
BACKGROUND: Boys earn lower grades in languages than girls. The expectancy-value model by Eccles et al. (, A series of books in psychology. Achievement and achievement motives. Psychological and sociological approaches, W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, CA, 76) is a comprehensive theoretical model for explaining gender differences in educational outcomes. In the past, most studies have focused on girls' disadvantage in math and science and on the role of the students' motivational beliefs...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191545/the-future-of-mobile-health-applications-and-devices-in-cardiovascular-health
#7
Heval Mohamed Kelli, Bradley Witbrodt, Amit Shah
Mobile health (mHealth) is the utilisation of mobile technologies in healthcare and has particular relevance in improving lifestyle behaviours which may ultimately reduce cardiovascular disease risk. Various intervention studies for example integrate self-monitoring of diet and physical activity with text messaging systems to improve intermediate outcomes. Currently the future progress of mHealth technologies in formal diagnostic and therapeutic roles is pending and includes the need to validate and standardise accelerometer and heart rate data from various devices...
January 2017: Euro Med J Innov
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187977/retinal-and-optic-nerve-degeneration-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-followed-up-for-5-years
#8
Elena Garcia-Martin, Jose R Ara, Jesus Martin, Carmen Almarcegui, Isabel Dolz, Elisa Vilades, Laura Gil-Arribas, Francisco J Fernandez, Vicente Polo, Jose M Larrosa, Luis E Pablo, Maria Satue
PURPOSE: To quantify retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) changes in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy controls with a 5-year follow-up and to analyze correlations between disability progression and RNFL degeneration. DESIGN: Observational and longitudinal study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred patients with relapsing-remitting MS and 50 healthy controls. METHODS: All participants underwent a complete ophthalmic and electrophysiologic exploration and were re-evaluated annually for 5 years...
February 7, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183760/complete-genome-sequence-of-the-acetylene-fermenting-pelobacter-sp-strain-sfb93
#9
John M Sutton, Shaun M Baesman, Janna L Fierst, Amisha T Poret-Peterson, Ronald S Oremland, Darren S Dunlap, Denise M Akob
Acetylene fermentation is a rare metabolism that was previously reported as being unique to Pelobacter acetylenicus Here, we report the genome sequence of Pelobacter sp. strain SFB93, an acetylene-fermenting bacterium isolated from sediments collected in San Francisco Bay, CA.
February 9, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174014/antibiotic-use-in-early-life-rural-residence-and-allergic-diseases-in-argentinean-children
#10
Yueh-Ying Han, Erick Forno, Héctor A Badellino, Juan C Celedón
BACKGROUND: Little is known about differential effects of antibiotic use on allergic diseases in rural versus urban environments. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether area of residence in the first year of life modifies the relation between antibiotic use in early life and allergic diseases during childhood. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of allergic diseases in 1517 children (ages 6-7 years) attending 101 schools in urban and rural areas of San Francisco (Córdoba, Argentina)...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173785/hcv-screening-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-homeless-and-marginally-housed-women-in-san-francisco-california
#11
Kimberly Page, Michelle Yu, Jennifer Cohen, Jennifer Evans, Martha Shumway, Elise D Riley
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening has taken on new importance as a result of updated guidelines and new curative therapies. Relatively few studies have assessed HCV infection in homeless populations, and a minority include women. We assessed prevalence and correlates of HCV exposure in a cohort of homeless and unstably housed women in San Francisco, and estimated the proportion undiagnosed. METHODS: A probability sample of 246 women were recruited at free meal programs, homeless shelters, and low-cost single room occupancy hotels in San Francisco; women with HIV were oversampled...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167894/erratum-the-effects-of-high-temperature-on-infection-by-potato-virus-y-potato-virus-a-and-potato-leafroll-virus
#12
Bong Nam Chung, Tomas Canto, Francisco Tenllado, Kyung San Choi, Jae Ho Joa, Jeong Joon Ahn, Chun Hwan Kim, Ki Seck Do
[This corrects the article on p. 321 in vol. 32, PMID: 27493607.].
February 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165209/responsiveness-to-difference-ada-accommodations-in-the-course-of-an-arrest
#13
Robyn Levin
When the Supreme Court heard argument in City & County of San Francisco v. Sheehan in the spring of 2015, it intended to resolve a circuit split. In granting certiorari, the Court planned to clarify whether individuals with disabilities can sue police officers under the ADA if an officer fails to accommodate a disability in the course of an arrest. However, because the petitioners failed to brief the Court on that question, the portion of the case involving the ADA was dismissed as improvidently granted. Justices Scalia and Kagan were so enraged by the failure to brief on the "certworthy" question that they issued a partial dissent, refusing to issue opinions on any of the attendant issues...
January 2017: Stanford Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163826/draft-genome-sequences-of-eight-bacteria-isolated-from-the-indoor-environment-staphylococcus-capitis-strain-h36-s-capitis-strain-h65-s-cohnii-strain-h62-s-hominis-strain-h69-microbacterium-sp-strain-h83-mycobacterium-iranicum-strain-h39-plantibacter-sp-strain
#14
Despoina S Lymperopoulou, David A Coil, Denise Schichnes, Steven E Lindow, Guillaume Jospin, Jonathan A Eisen, Rachel I Adams
We report here the draft genome sequences of eight bacterial strains of the genera Staphylococcus, Microbacterium, Mycobacterium, Plantibacter, and Pseudomonas. These isolates were obtained from aerosol sampling of bathrooms of five residences in the San Francisco Bay area. Taxonomic classifications as well as the genome sequence and gene annotation of the isolates are described. As part of the "Built Environment Reference Genome" project, these isolates and associated genome data provide valuable resources for studying the microbiology of the built environment...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160780/pilot-scale-evaluation-of-ph-based-control-of-single-stage-deammonification-processes-for-sidestream-treatment
#15
David M Graham, Domènec Jolis
  Pilot scale sidestream reactors, utilizing a pH-based control strategy, were operated at the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC), Southeast Plant (SEP) for the biological treatment of anaerobically digested sludge centrate using combined partial nitritation/anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) as the main nitrogen removal pathway. Reactors were setup to functionally simulate two full-scale commercial processes common to the industry using nonproprietary, flexible, pH-based process control strategy...
February 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160137/liver-transplantation-is-a-preferable-alternative-to-palliative-therapy-for-selected-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Aloysious D Aravinthan, Silvio G Bruni, Adam C Doyle, Hla-Hla Thein, Nicolas Goldaracena, Assaf Issachar, Leslie B Lilly, Nazia Selzner, Mamatha Bhat, Boraiah Sreeharsha, Markus Selzner, Anand Ghanekar, Mark S Cattral, Ian D McGilvray, Paul D Greig, Eberhard L Renner, David R Grant, Gonzalo Sapisochin
BACKGROUND: Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond the traditional criteria (advanced HCC) are typically offered palliation, which is associated with a 3-year survival rate lower than 30%. This study aimed to describe the outcomes for a subset of patients with advanced HCC who satisfied the Extended Toronto Criteria (ETC) and were listed for liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: All patients listed in the Toronto liver transplantation program with HCC beyond both the Milan and University of California, San Francisco criteria were included in this study...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157570/health-in-the-tenderloin-a-resident-guided-study-of-substance-use-treatment-and-housing
#17
Jamie Suki Chang
Substance use researchers recognize that environments - our homes, streets, communities, and neighborhoods - set the stage for substance use and treatment experiences by framing interactions, health options, and decision-making. The role of environment is particularly salient in places deemed disadvantaged or risky, such as parts of the Tenderloin neighborhood of San Francisco. Since risk is historically, socially, and structurally situated, an individual's social position in a neighborhood shapes how risk environments are experienced...
January 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156676/poor-prognostic-indicators-for-patients-treated-with-radiosurgery-for-brain-metastases
#18
Wendy Anderson, Shannon E Fogh, Jean L Nakamura, Philip Theodosopoulos, Michael McDermott, Patricia Penny Sneed, Steve E Braunstein
: 32 Background: Radiosurgery (SRS) is a standard palliative treatment for patients with limited number of brain metastases. Growing evidence supports the use of SRS for more extensive disease. As SRS is increasingly used in advanced cancer, we sought to identify predictors of survival after SRS to help better inform patients about prognosis. METHODS: We reviewed patients treated with SRS for brain metastases at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) from Jan 2010-Dec 2013...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156564/advance-care-planning-and-specialty-palliative-care-utilization-for-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies-who-undergo-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplant
#19
Lisa M McNey, Erik Eckhert, Derek Galligan, Gabriel N Mannis
: 18 Background: Unlike most metastatic solid tumors, many advanced hematologic malignancies are treated with curative intent. Accordingly, aggressive interventions often continue until late in the disease course because it can be difficult to discern when cure is no longer possible. This is particularly true for recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (alloHCT). We hypothesized that alloHCT recipients and their providers would be less likely to utilize specialty Palliative Care (PC) services or to engage in early communication regarding advance care planning...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156446/acute-pain-management-in-radiation-oncology-quality-of-care-and-the-impact-of-an-integrated-palliative-oncology-service
#20
Tracy A Balboni, Steve E Braunstein, Shannon E Fogh, Wendy Anderson, Steve Pantilat, Allison Taylor, Alexander Spektor, Monica Shalini Krishnan, Daphne A Haas-Kogan, Lauren Michelle Hertan
: 195 Background: Radiotherapy (RT) effectively palliates bone metastases, but relief may take weeks, frequently necessitating acute pain management (APM). NCCN Guidelines for Adult Cancer Pain (V2.2015) recommend initiation/titration of analgesics for patients with pain scale value (PSV) ≥ 4. We sought to evaluate how often symptomatic patients have analgesic regimens assessed and intervened upon at radiation oncology (RO) consult for bone metastases, and the impact of a dedicated palliative RO service on APM...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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