keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

San Francisco

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780810/factors-associated-with-bites-to-a-child-from-a-dog-living-in-the-same-home-a-bi-national-comparison
#1
Locksley L McV Messam, Philip H Kass, Bruno B Chomel, Lynette A Hart
We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5-15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily, we wished to compare these factors to risk factors for dog bites to the general public. Participant information was collected via interviewer-administered questionnaire using proxy respondents. Data were analyzed using log-binomial regression to estimate relative risks and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each exposure-dog bite relationship...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779673/how-food-rules-at-home-influence-independent-adolescent-food-choices
#2
Jennifer Wang, Priya Fielding-Singh
PURPOSE: The prevalence of unhealthy dietary behaviors among adolescents is high. We examined the effect of having health-oriented food rules at home on the healthiness of adolescents' independent food choices, and the necessity of parental oversight for such rules to be effective. METHODS: We surveyed a socioeconomically and racially diverse San Francisco Bay Area public high school in May 2017 (N = 1,246). We used ordinal logistic regressions to assess the relationships between adolescent-reported presence of health-oriented food rules at home and the healthiness of snacks selected by adolescents in a raffle, which included a randomized controlled experiment to manipulate the level of parental approval students needed to pick up their snacks...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778258/new-treatments-have-changed-the-game-hepatitis-c-treatment-in-primary-care
#3
REVIEW
Shelley N Facente, Katie Burk, Kelly Eagen, Elise S Mara, Aaron A Smith, Colleen S Lynch
In the pre-direct-acting antiviral era, hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatments were complex and largely managed by hepatologists, gastroenterologists, and infectious disease physicians. As direct-acting antivirals have driven up demand for treatment, the relative scarcity of these specialists has created a bottleneck effect, resulting in only a fraction of HCV-infected individuals offered treatment. The San Francisco Health Network is a safety net system of care. Its intervention was designed to be sustainable and scalable; with minimal time commitments for training providers, primary care-based HCV treatment increased 3-fold in a period of just over 3 years...
June 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778257/localized-us-efforts-to-eliminate-hepatitis-c
#4
REVIEW
Annette Gaudino, Bryn Gay, Clifton Garmon, Mike Selick, Reed Vreeland, Katie Burk, Emalie Huriaux, Shelley N Facente, Annie Luetkemeyer, Phil Waters, Camilla S Graham
The United States has national plans for the elimination of hepatitis C virus but much of US health care is organized on the state level and requires local solutions. This article describes the plans developed by New York, Massachusetts, and the city/county of San Francisco for hepatitis C virus elimination. Coalitions capitalize on existing resources and advocate for new resources to address barriers in hepatitis C virus care. Although each coalition has distinct plans, all share a commitment to groups that are disproportionately affected and are at risk for being excluded from advances in hepatitis C virus treatment and cure...
June 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773302/experiences-and-perceptions-of-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-about-acquiring-hiv-a-qualitative-narrative-perspective
#5
Austin Nation, Catherine M Waters, Carol Dawson-Rose
In the United States, Black men who have sex with men (MSM), between the ages of 18 and 34 years, have the highest rates of new HIV infections. The prevalence of HIV in this population is three to four times higher than their White MSM counterparts. Twelve Black MSM from the Bay Area, nine with HIV and three without HIV, were interviewed regarding their experiences and perceived risks of acquiring HIV. Narrative analysis revealed these themes: (a) tested regularly for HIV, (b) HIV knowledge varied before arriving in San Francisco, (c) condom use typically nonexistent when under the influence of alcohol and other drugs, (d) inability to negotiate sex and condom usage, and (e) sense of anticipation, resignation, and acceptance about acquiring HIV...
April 25, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772468/understanding-child-protection-decisions-involving-parents-with-mental-illness-and-substance-abuse
#6
Joseph N Roscoe, Bridgette Lery, Jaclyn E Chambers
Among children investigated for maltreatment, those with parents experiencing mental illness or substance abuse are more likely to be placed out-of-home; however, little is known about why these children are at greater risk. Using a sample of 2488 Structured Decision Making® assessments administered in San Francisco county from 2011 to 2015, we identified a profile of safety threats that accounts for why workers are more likely to determine children of parents with mental illness and/or substance abuse unsafe in the home...
May 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772047/swept-source-oct-angiography-identifies-choroidal-neovascularization-arising-from-a-choroidal-nevus
#7
Abed Namavari, Fang Zheng, Elie H Motulsky, João R de Oliveira Dias, Giovanni Gregori, Philip J Rosenfeld
Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) was used to diagnose choroidal neovascularization (CNV) arising from a choroidal nevus. A 61-year-old woman initially presented with submacular hemorrhage. She was diagnosed with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and received three injections of bevacizumab (Avastin; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA). At a follow-up visit, SS-OCTA showed that the CNV appeared to arise from an adjacent choroidal nevus. This is the first report of using SS-OCTA to diagnose CNV associated with a choroidal nevus masquerading as neovascular AMD...
May 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772044/a-phase-1-open-label-dose-escalation-trial-to-investigate-safety-and-tolerability-of-single-intravitreous-injections-of-icon-1-targeting-tissue-factor-in-wet-amd
#8
John A Wells, Christine R Gonzales, Brian B Berger, Victor H Gonzalez, Brian D Sippy, Gabriela Burian
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This phase 1 study evaluated the safety and tolerability of single intravitreous injections (IVIs) of ICON-1 (Iconic Therapeutics, South San Francisco, CA) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). ICON-1 is a modified factor VIIa protein linked with the Fc portion of a human immunoglobulin G1. The molecule binds tissue factor overexpressed on choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in AMD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Open-label, interventional, dose-escalation trial in 18 patients with CNV due to AMD, with six patients per dose cohort...
May 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771790/patterns-and-correlates-of-participant-retention-in-a-multi-city-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-demonstration-project
#9
Susanne Doblecki-Lewis, Albert Y Liu, Daniel J Feaster, Stephanie E Cohen, Richard Elion, Oliver Bacon, Megan Coleman, Gabriel Cardenas, Michael A Kolber
BACKGROUND: Safe and effective use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) depends on retention in care after initial engagement. SETTING: The United States PrEP Demonstration Project offered daily oral tenofovir/emtricitabine to participants in San Francisco, Miami, and Washington, D.C. for 48 weeks from 2012-2014. METHODS: Demo Project participants' patterns of retention were assigned to one of three categories: early loss to follow-up (ELTF) within the first 12 weeks of the study, retention throughout the study, or intermittent retention in which missed or delayed visits resulted in gaps in medication availability...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769132/toots-tastes-and-tester-shots-user-accounts-of-drug-sampling-methods-for-gauging-heroin-potency
#10
Sarah G Mars, Jeff Ondocsin, Daniel Ciccarone
BACKGROUND: Internationally, overdose is the primary cause of death among people injecting drugs. However, since 2001, heroin-related overdose deaths in the United States (US) have risen sixfold, paralleled by a rise in the death rate attributed to synthetic opioids, particularly the fentanyls. This paper considers the adaptations some US heroin injectors are making to protect themselves from these risks. METHODS: Between 2015 and 2016, a team of ethnographers collected data through semi-structured interviews and observation captured in field notes and video recording of heroin preparation/consumption...
May 16, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768083/sebo-pharmacokinetics-a-proposed-percutaneous-sebum-egression-method
#11
Rasika Reddy, John Havens Cary, Akram Elmahdy, Howard Maibach
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The sebaceous gland is widely believed a critical factor in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris. Although extensive studies document the ability of oral and topical treatments to improve acne, little is known about the quantification and mechanism of drug delivery via the sebaceous gland. A percutaneous egression method presents a way to study how drugs reaching the bloodstream can enter the skin. METHODS: A literature search was performed across databases (PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar) and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) textbook library with relevant search terms...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763848/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adolescents-e-cigarette-use-frequency-and-dependence
#12
Erin A Vogel, Danielle E Ramo, Mark L Rubinstein
BACKGROUND: Understanding predictors of e-cigarette use among adolescents in the context of wide availability and extreme popularity of these products is important for prevention and treatment. This study identifies correlates of e-cigarette use frequency and dependence among adolescent users. METHODS: Adolescent e-cigarette users (N = 173) were recruited from the San Francisco Bay Area. Participants reported demographic and psychosocial characteristics, e-cigarette use behaviors, and cigarette use...
May 8, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761124/progranulin-levels-in-blood-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#13
Yonatan A Cooper, Daniel Nachun, Deepika Dokuru, Zhongan Yang, Anna M Karydas, Ginette Serrero, Binbin Yue, Adam L Boxer, Bruce L Miller, Giovanni Coppola
Objective: Changes in progranulin ( GRN ) expression have been hypothesized to alter risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated the relationship between GRN expression in peripheral blood and clinical diagnosis of AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: Peripheral blood progranulin gene expression was measured, using microarrays from Alzheimer's ( n = 186), MCI ( n = 118), and control ( n = 204) subjects from the University of California San Francisco Memory and Aging Center (UCSF-MAC) and two independent published series (AddNeuroMed and ADNI)...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760398/urban-sparrows-respond-to-a-sexually-selected-trait-with-increased-aggression-in-noise
#14
Jennifer N Phillips, Elizabeth P Derryberry
Animals modify acoustic communication signals in response to noise pollution, but consequences of these modifications are unknown. Vocalizations that transmit best in noise may not be those that best signal male quality, leading to potential conflict between selection pressures. For example, slow paced, narrow bandwidth songs transmit better in noise but are less effective in mate choice and competition than fast paced, wide bandwidth songs. We test the hypothesis that noise affects response to song pace and bandwidth in the context of competition using white-crowned sparrows (Zonotrichia leucophrys)...
May 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757779/the-perioperative-care-of-the-transgender-patient
#15
Luis Etienne Tollinche, Chasity Burrows Walters, Asa Radix, Michael Long, Larissa Galante, Zil Garner Goldstein, Yvonne Kapinos, Cindy Yeoh
An estimated 25 million people identify as transgender worldwide, approximately 1 million of whom reside in the United States. The increasing visibility and acceptance of transgender people makes it likely that they will present in general surgical settings; therefore, perioperative health care providers must develop the knowledge and skills requisite for the safe management of transgender patients in the perioperative setting. Extant guidelines, such as those published by the World Professional Association for Transgender Health and the University of California San Francisco Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, serve as critical resources to those caring for transgender patients; however, they do not address their unique perioperative needs...
May 10, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757231/speckle-filtering-of-gf-3-polarimetric-sar-data-with-joint-restriction-principle
#16
Jinwei Xie, Zhenfang Li, Chaowei Zhou, Yuyuan Fang, Qingjun Zhang
Polarimetric SAR (PolSAR) scattering characteristics of imagery are always obtained from the second order moments estimation of multi-polarization data, that is, the estimation of covariance or coherency matrices. Due to the extra-paths that signal reflected from separate scatterers within the resolution cell has to travel, speckle noise always exists in SAR images and has a severe impact on the scattering performance, especially on single look complex images. In order to achieve high accuracy in estimating covariance or coherency matrices, three aspects are taken into consideration: (1) the edges and texture of the scene are distinct after speckle filtering; (2) the statistical characteristic should be similar to the object pixel; and (3) the polarimetric scattering signature should be preserved, in addition to speckle reduction...
May 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753137/perceptions-of-intersectional-stigma-among-diverse-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states
#17
Whitney S Rice, Carmen H Logie, Tessa M Napoles, Melonie Walcott, Abigail W Batchelder, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Gina M Wingood, Deborah J Konkle-Parker, Bulent Turan, Tracey E Wilson, Mallory O Johnson, Sheri D Weiser, Janet M Turan
Attitudes and behavior that devalue individuals based upon their HIV status (HIV-related stigma) are barriers to HIV prevention, treatment, and wellbeing among women living with HIV. Other coexisting forms of stigma (e.g., racism, sexism) may worsen the effects of HIV-related stigma, and may contribute to persistent racial and gendered disparities in HIV prevention and treatment. Few studies examine perceptions of intersectional stigma among women living with HIV. From June to December 2015, we conducted 76 qualitative interviews with diverse women living with HIV from varied socioeconomic backgrounds enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) in Birmingham, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Atlanta, Georgia; and San Francisco, California...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750795/multiclass-classification-for-skin-cancer-profiling-based-on-the-integration-of-heterogeneous-gene-expression-series
#18
Juan Manuel Gálvez, Daniel Castillo, Luis Javier Herrera, Belén San Román, Olga Valenzuela, Francisco Manuel Ortuño, Ignacio Rojas
Most of the research studies developed applying microarray technology to the characterization of different pathological states of any disease may fail in reaching statistically significant results. This is largely due to the small repertoire of analysed samples, and to the limitation in the number of states or pathologies usually addressed. Moreover, the influence of potential deviations on the gene expression quantification is usually disregarded. In spite of the continuous changes in omic sciences, reflected for instance in the emergence of new Next-Generation Sequencing-related technologies, the existing availability of a vast amount of gene expression microarray datasets should be properly exploited...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750592/chronic-obesity-and-incident-hypertension-in-latina-women-are-associated-with-accelerated-telomere-length-loss-over-a-1-year-period
#19
Janet M Wojcicki, Deena Elwan, Jue Lin, Elizabeth Blackburn, Elissa Epel
AIMS: Shorter telomere length is associated with increased chronic disease risk in adulthood including diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular risk. Few studies have evaluated the relationship between telomere length change and incident disease risk in populations with a high percentage of overweight and obesity. RESULTS: In an urban Latina population recruited in San Francisco (n = 82) with a high prevalence of overweight and obesity (78.4%), we assessed leukocyte telomere length and telomere length change over a 1-year period in relation to obesity, chronicity of obesity, and incident metabolic disease risk 5-6 years later...
May 11, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739670/san-francisco-s-ambitious-plan-to-eliminate-hepatitis-c
#20
Roxanne Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
keyword
keyword
57000
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"