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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811326/-10m-gift-supports-data-recycling-at-ucsf
#1
(no author information available yet)
The University of California, San Francisco's Institute for Computational Health Sciences has received a $10 million gift to support "data recycling" investigations. The approach to medical research involves mining existing data to potentially uncover new uses for existing drugs and help improve clinical care.
August 15, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811244/comparison-of-the-clinical-course-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-gdh-positive-toxin-negative-patients-diagnosed-by-pcr-to-those-with-a-positive-toxin-test
#2
Julia Origüen, Laura Corbella, María Ángeles Orellana, Mario Fernández-Ruiz, Francisco López-Medrano, Rafael San Juan, Manuel Lizasoain, Tamara Ruiz-Merlo, Alejandra Morales-Cartagena, Guillermo Maestro, Patricia Parra, Jennifer Villa, Rafael Delgado, José María Aguado
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential role of PCR-based assays in the overdiagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) by using a validated diagnostic algorithm in daily clinical practice. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study evaluating all C. difficile-positive stool samples identified at our institution during a 12-month period, to compare outcomes and recurrence rate between patients with a positive enzyme-immunoassay (EIA) for both glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and toxin A/B ("toxin-positive group"), with those with GDH-positive, toxin-negative samples in which the diagnosis was made by a positive PCR-based assay ("toxin-/PCR+ group")...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800574/outcome-of-micropulse-laser-transscleral-cyclophotocoagulation-on-pediatric-versus-adult-glaucoma-patients
#3
Jun Hui Lee, Yuhua Shi, Behzad Amoozgar, Christopher Aderman, Alejandra De Alba Campomanes, Shan Lin, Ying Han
PURPOSE: To study and compare the outcome of micropulse transscelral cyclophotocoagulation in pediatric glaucoma patients to that in adult glaucoma patients. METHODS: Consecutive pediatric and adult patients who received micropulse transscelral cyclophotocoagulation between July 2015 and December 2016 at University of California, San Francisco were retrospectively analyzed. All cases had at least 12-month follow-up. RESULTS: Nine eyes from 9 pediatric patients and 27 eyes from 25 adult patients were included...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799200/simple-tests-compare-well-with-a-hand-held-audiometer-for-hearing-loss-screening-in-primary-care
#4
William J Strawbridge, Margaret I Wallhagen
OBJECTIVES: To compare hearing loss screening results of four simple tests with those of hand-held audiometry. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of individuals screened during intake for physicals and other routine procedures. SETTING: Two primary care clinics in the San Francisco Bay area. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults not wearing hearing aids (N = 125, mean age 72.9, 63% female). MEASUREMENTS: Direct question about hearing loss, indirect question, finger-rub test, whisper test, and audiometric results using a hand-held audiometer...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797027/distribution-of-behavioral-patterns-before-infection-among-san-francisco-men-who-have-sex-with-men-newly-infected-with-hiv-in-2014-erratum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790111/amiloride-an-old-diuretic-drug-is-a-potential-therapeutic-agent-for-multiple-myeloma
#6
Elizabeta Rojas, Luis Corchete, Laura San Segundo, Juan F Martínez-Blanch, Francisco M Codoñer, Teresa Paíno, Noemi Puig, Ramón García-Sanz, Maria Victoria Mateos, Enrique M Ocio, Irena Misiewicz-Krzeminska, Norma C Gutiérrez
<br />The search for new drugs that control the continuous relapses of multiple myeloma is still required. Here, we report for the first time the potent anti-myeloma activity of amiloride, an old potassium-sparing diuretic approved for the treatment of hypertension and edema due to heart failure.<br /><br />Experimental Design:  <p>Myeloma cell lines and primary samples were used to evaluate cytotoxicity of amiloride. In vivo studies were carried out in a xenograft mouse model. The mechanisms of action were investigated using RNA-Seq, qRT-PCR, immunoblotting and immunofluorescence assays...
August 8, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780562/rationale-and-design-of-a-multicentre-prospective-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-the-adipose-graft-transposition-procedure-in-patients-with-a-myocardial-scar-the-agtp-ii-trial
#7
Paloma Gastelurrutia, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Maria Luisa Cámara, Juan Bustamante-Munguira, Pablo García-Pavia, Pablo Avanzas, J Alberto San Román, Domingo Pascual-Figal, Eduardo de Teresa, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Nicolás Manito, Julio Núñez, Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Ángel Caballero, Albert Teis, Josep Lupón, Ramón Brugada, Carlos Martín, Jacobo Silva, Ana Revilla-Orodea, Sergio J Cánovas, Jose M Melero, Jose J Cuenca-Castillo, Angel Gonzalez-Pinto, Antoni Bayes-Genis
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac adipose tissue is a source of progenitor cells with regenerative capacity. Studies in rodents demonstrated that the intramyocardial delivery of cells derived from this tissue improves cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). We developed a new reparative approach for damaged myocardium that integrates the regenerative properties of cardiac adipose tissue with tissue engineering. In the adipose graft transposition procedure (AGTP), we dissect a vascularised flap of autologous pericardial adipose tissue and position it over the myocardial scarred area...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780365/risk-of-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-treatment-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-with-vismodegib
#8
Tina Bhutani, Michael Abrouk, Camelia S Sima, Natalia Sadetsky, Jeannie Hou, Ivor Caro, Mary-Margaret Chren, Sarah T Arron
BACKGROUND: Vismodegib is a first-in-class agent targeting the hedgehog signaling pathway for treatment of patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and metastatic BCC. There have been concerns about the development of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in patients treated with this drug. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether treatment with vismodegib is associated with an increase in the risk of cutaneous SCC. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients treated with vismodegib as part of phase I and II clinical studies were compared with participants from the University of California, San Francisco, Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer Cohort who received standard therapy for primary BCC...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770086/the-role-of-macroinvertebrates-for-conservation-of-freshwater-systems
#9
Carolina Nieto, Ximena M C Ovando, Rafael Loyola, Andrea Izquierdo, Fátima Romero, Carlos Molineri, José Rodríguez, Paola Rueda Martín, Hugo Fernández, Verónica Manzo, María José Miranda
Freshwater ecosystems are the most threatened ecosystems worldwide. Argentinian-protected areas have been established mainly to protect vertebrates and plants in terrestrial ecosystems. In order to create a comprehensive biodiverse conservation plan, it is crucial to integrate both aquatic and terrestrial systems and to include macroinvertebrates. Here, we address this topic by proposing priority areas of conservation including invertebrates, aquatic ecosystems, and their connectivity and land uses. LOCATION: Northwest of Argentina...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768851/underestimation-of-sudden-deaths-among-patients-with-seizures-and-epilepsy
#10
Orrin Devinsky, Daniel Friedman, Jocelyn Y Cheng, Ellen Moffatt, Anthony Kim, Zian H Tseng
OBJECTIVE: To determine the definite and potential frequency of seizures and epilepsy as a cause of death (COD) and how often this goes unrecognized. METHODS: Prospective determination of seizures or epilepsy and final COD for individuals aged 18-90 years with out-of-hospital sudden cardiac deaths (SCDs) from the population-based San Francisco POST SCD Study. We compared prospective seizure or epilepsy diagnosis and final COD as adjudicated by a multidisciplinary committee (pathologists, electrophysiologists, and a vascular neurologist) vs retrospective adjudication by 2 epileptologists with expertise in seizure-related mortality...
August 2, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750302/using-developmental-evaluation-as-a-system-of-organizational-learning-an-example-from-san-francisco
#11
Jennifer Shea, Tory Taylor
In the last 20 years, developmental evaluation has emerged as a promising approach to support organizational learning in emergent social programs. Through a continuous system of inquiry, reflection, and application of knowledge, developmental evaluation serves as a system of tools, methods, and guiding principles intended to support constructive organizational learning. However, missing from the developmental evaluation literature is a nuanced framework to guide evaluators in how to elevate the organizational practices and concepts most relevant for emergent programs...
July 8, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748299/acculturation-strategies-and-symptoms-of-depression-the-mediators-of-atherosclerosis-in-south-asians-living-in-america-masala-study
#12
Belinda L Needham, Bhramar Mukherjee, Pramita Bagchi, Catherine Kim, Arnab Mukherjea, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M Kanaya
Using latent class analysis, we previously identified three acculturation strategies employed by South Asian immigrants in the US. Members of the Separation class showed a preference for South Asian culture over US culture, while members of the Assimilation class showed a preference for US culture, and those in the Integration class showed a similar preference for South Asian and US cultures. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between these acculturation strategies and symptoms of depression, a common yet underdiagnosed and undertreated mental disorder...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743879/network-centric-interventions-to-contain-the-syphilis-epidemic-in-san-francisco
#13
David Juher, Joan Saldaña, Robert Kohn, Kyle Bernstein, Caterina Scoglio
The number of reported early syphilis cases in San Francisco has increased steadily since 2005. It is not yet clear what factors are responsible for such an increase. A recent analysis of the sexual contact network of men who have sex with men with syphilis in San Francisco has discovered a large connected component, members of which have a significantly higher chance of syphilis and HIV compared to non-member individuals. This study investigates whether it is possible to exploit the existence of the largest connected component to design new notification strategies that can potentially contribute to reducing the number of cases...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742447/a-crisis-emerges-lesbian-health-between-breast-cancer-and-hiv-aids
#14
Mairead Sullivan
In this essay, I argue that lesbians have come to be a population of concern for state-based health organizations as a result of lesbian health activism that drew connections between breast cancer and HIV/AIDS. In order to develop this analysis, I tell the story of the rise of lesbian breast cancer activism in concert with HIV/AIDS in San Francisco in the early 1990s. The state recognition of lesbian health needs, and with it the solidification of lesbian as a biopolitical category, was catalyzed by associations with the AIDS crisis and HIV activism, but also required an articulated difference, or lesbian specificity, which breast cancer provided...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742374/high-throughput-analysis-identifying-drugs-that-regulate-apolipoprotein-a-i-synthesis
#15
Michael J Haas, Luisa Onstead-Haas, William Kurban, Harshit Shah, Monica Plazarte, Ayham Chamseddin, Arshag D Mooradian
Apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) is the primary antiatherogenic protein in high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Despite the controversy as to the clinical effectiveness of raising HDL, the search is ongoing for safe and effective drugs that increase HDL and apo A-I levels. To identify novel compounds that can increase hepatic apo A-I production, two drug libraries were screened. The NIH clinical collection (NCC) and the NIH clinical collection 2 (NCC2) were purchased from Evotec (San Francisco, CA). The NCC library contains 446 compounds and the NCC2 library contains 281 compounds, all dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide at a concentration of 10 mM...
July 25, 2017: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737994/impact-of-a-patient-support-program-on-patient-adherence-to-adalimumab-and-direct-medical-costs-in-crohn-s-disease-ulcerative-colitis-rheumatoid-arthritis-psoriasis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis
#16
David T Rubin, Manish Mittal, Matthew Davis, Scott Johnson, Jingdong Chao, Martha Skup
BACKGROUND: AbbVie provides a free-to-patient patient support program (PSP) to assist adalimumab-treated patients with medication costs, nurse support, injection training, pen disposal, and medication reminders. The impact of these services on patient adherence to adalimumab and direct medical costs associated with autoimmune disease has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between participation in a PSP and outcomes (adalimumab adherence, persistence, and direct medical costs) in patients initiating adalimumab treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737993/the-effect-of-formulary-restrictions-on-patient-and-payer-outcomes-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Yujin Park, Syed Raza, Aneesh George, Rumjhum Agrawal, John Ko
BACKGROUND: Formulary restrictions are implemented to reduce pharmacy costs and ensure appropriate use of pharmaceutical products. As adoption of formulary restrictions increases with rising pharmacy costs, there is a need to better understand the potential effect of formulary restrictions on patient and payer outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic literature review that assesses the effect of formulary restrictions on the following outcomes: medication adherence, clinical outcomes, treatment satisfaction, drug utilization, health care resource utilization, and economic outcomes...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736970/report-from-the-2016-university-of-california-san-francisco-center-for-reproductive-sciences-retreat
#18
Paolo F Rinaudo, Marco Conti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734107/extended-release-naltrexone-for-methamphetamine-dependence-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Phillip O Coffin, Glenn-Milo Santos, Jaclyn Hern, Eric Vittinghoff, Deirdre Santos, Tim Matheson, Grant Colfax, Steven L Batki
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Methamphetamine use is increasingly prevalent and associated with HIV transmission. Early phase human studies suggested naltrexone reduced amphetamine use among dependent individuals. We tested if extended-release naltrexone (XRNTX) reduces methamphetamine use and associated sexual risk behaviors among high-risk methamphetamine-dependent men who have sex with men (MSM). DESIGN: Double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of XRTNX versus placebo over 12 weeks from 2012-2015...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733711/a-brief-history-of-neurological-botulinum-toxin-therapy-in-germany
#20
REVIEW
Dirk Dressler, Peter Roggenkaemper
Botulinum toxin (BT) has long been infamous in food safety and biological warfare. In the early 1970s, Alan B Scott of San Francisco invented its therapeutic use originally in extraocular eye muscles to treat strabismus using a therapeutic BT type A preparation provided by Edward J Schantz and Eric A Johnson. Subsequently a large number of medical indications based on motor and glandular hyperactivity and-most recently-chronic migraine are now treated by BT therapy. BT's highly specific and elaborate mechanism of action represents a completely novel therapeutic principle which will have consequences far beyond existing indications...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
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