keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Skull fracture

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324584/maternal-serum-eye-drops-in-the-management-of-pediatric-persistent-corneal-epithelial-defects-a-case-series
#1
Ashton J Kalhorn, Kirstin L Tawse, Avni A Shah, Jennifer L Jung, Darren G Gregory, Emily A McCourt
PURPOSE: We report our experience with the use of maternally derived serum eye drops as adjunctive treatment in the management of pediatric persistent corneal epithelial defects. METHODS: Five eyes of 4 patients were identified in a retrospective review of pediatric patients with persistent corneal epithelial defects who received maternal serum drops. Diagnoses associated with the defects comprised pontine tegmental cap dysplasia with bilateral cranial nerve V1, V2, V3, and VII palsies; pontine tegmental cap dysplasia with left cranial nerve V1, VII, and VIII palsies; traumatic left cranial nerve II, V1, V2, and VI palsies due to a basilar skull fracture; and Stevens-Johnson syndrome with ocular involvement...
January 10, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324321/injuries-sustained-in-falling-fatalities-in-relation-to-different-distances-of-falls
#2
Hasan Abder-Rahman, Mohanad S O Jaber, Shrouq S Al-Sabaileh
BACKGROUND: Falling from a distance is an important issue worldwide, which happens in different ages, genders and circumstances. It is usually not considered a medicolegal case in many countries hence no autopsy is performed. This study focused on analyzing injuries sustained in victims of falling in relation to different distances of fall. METHODS: Retrospective study of 352 autopsy reports of falling victims brought to the forensic pathology department at Jordan University Hospital during the period from January 1990 to March 2016...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310380/traumatic-c1-2-posterolateral-dislocation-with-dens-fracture-injury-of-the-transverse-atlantal-ligament-and-unilateral-facet-fracture-with-subluxation-of-c6-7-a-case-report
#3
Jong-Beom Park, Sung Shik Kang, Jin S Yeom
RATIONALE: Traumatic C1-2 dislocation associated with contiguous or noncontiguous cervical spine injury is rare. Moreover, there have been no reports describing traumatic C1-2 dislocation associated with multiple contiguous and noncontiguous cervical injuries. PATIENT CONCERNS: The authors present a case of a 20-year-old male with painful limitation of motion of the neck. This complex cervical injury occurred due to hyperextension of the head in a rotated position...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302099/acute-surgical-intervention-for-a-depressed-skull-fracture-causing-a-laceration-to-the-brain-parenchyma-from-a-bite-wound-in-a-dog
#4
Natasha Hodgson, Andrea Walters, Corinne Lawson, Devon Hague, Stephen Joslyn, Maureen McMichael
A 5-month-old spayed female mixed breed dog was attacked by another dog causing multiple fractures of the left calvarium with a fragment penetrating through the gray matter of the parietal lobe. Surgery was performed to remove the bone fragment. A 6-month follow-up showed dramatic improvement in neurologic status.
January 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291176/otorhinolaryngological-manifestations-in-head-trauma-a-prospective-study-of-the-epidemiology-clinical-presentations-management-and-outcomes
#5
Adeyi A Adoga, Kenneth N Ozoilo, Andrew A Iduh, Joyce G Mugu
Background: Otorhinolaryngological injuries following head trauma may be missed, overlooked, or forgotten in the acute phase resulting in worsened management outcomes. This study aims to report the epidemiology, clinical presentations, management, and outcomes of otorhinolaryngological injuries in head trauma with a view to creating awareness for early recognition and prompt treatment. Patients and Methods: Head injured patients consecutively presenting over a 5-year period were prospectively studied for age, gender, otorhinolaryngological presentations, interventions, and outcome of interventions...
October 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290895/falls-from-height-a-retrospective-analysis
#6
Kasim Turgut, Mehmet Ediz Sarihan, Cemil Colak, Taner Güven, Ali Gür, Sükrü Gürbüz
BACKGROUND: Emergency services manage trauma patients frequently and falls from height comprise the main cause of emergency service admissions. In this study, we aimed to analyse the demographic characteristics of falls from height and their relationship to the mortality. METHODS: A total of 460 patients, who admitted to the Emergency Department of Inonu University between November 2011 and November 2014 with a history of fall from height, were examined retrospectively...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282438/management-of-unruptured-traumatic-middle-meningeal-artery-pseudoaneurysms-through-onyx-embolization
#7
Nicolas K Khattar, Andrew C White, Enzo M Fortuny, Rob T Hruska, Robert F James
Traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) represent less than 1% of all intracranial aneurysms, and occur mostly in association with temporal bone fractures following head trauma. Given the unknown natural history, it is unclear whether they should be treated. We present two cases of MMA pseudoaneurysms discovered during trauma workups. The first patient is a 44-year-old male with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) following a motor vehicle accident. The patient was found to have two right-sided middle meningeal artery pseudoaneurysms that were treated successfully with Onyx® (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) embolization...
October 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252993/geometric-and-mechanical-evaluation-of-3d-printing-materials-for-skull-base-anatomical-education-and-endoscopic-surgery-simulation-a-first-step-to-create-reliable-customized-simulators
#8
Valentin Favier, Nabil Zemiti, Oscar Caravaca Mora, Gérard Subsol, Guillaume Captier, Renaud Lebrun, Louis Crampette, Michel Mondain, Benjamin Gilles
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic skull base surgery allows minimal invasive therapy through the nostrils to treat infectious or tumorous diseases. Surgical and anatomical education in this field is limited by the lack of validated training models in terms of geometric and mechanical accuracy. We choose to evaluate several consumer-grade materials to create a patient-specific 3D-printed skull base model for anatomical learning and surgical training. METHODS: Four 3D-printed consumer-grade materials were compared to human cadaver bone: calcium sulfate hemihydrate (named Multicolor), polyamide, resin and polycarbonate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251712/prediction-of-traumatic-carotid-cavernous-sinus-fistula-via-non-contrast-ct-by-fracture-pattern-and-abnormality-of-venous-system
#9
Shih-Hsuan Mao, Tzu-Chin Lin, Chih-Hao Chen, Pang-Yun Chou, Shang-Yu Wang, Yon-Cheong Wong, Chien-Tzung Chen
BACKGROUND: Traumatic carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (tCCF) is infrequent but with high morbidity if delayed diagnosed or managed. Due to the lack of screening criteria and requirement of advanced and invasive radiological examinations, diagnosis is often delayed or underdiagnosed. METHODS: A matched case-control study with univariate and multivariate analysis was conducted to predict tCCFs. Forty-six patients diagnosed with tCCFs were included and matched with 138 patients of craniofacial trauma without tCCF as control at a ratio of 1:3...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243974/pediatric-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-or-compression-in-the-setting-of-skull-fractures-from-blunt-head-trauma
#10
David S Hersh, Nir Shimony, Mari L Groves, Gerald F Tuite, George I Jallo, Ann Liu, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Thierry A G M Huisman, Ryan J Felling, Joseph A Kufera, Edward S Ahn
OBJECTIVE Pediatric cerebral venous sinus thrombosis has been previously described in the setting of blunt head trauma; however, the population demographics, risk factors for thrombosis, and the risks and benefits of detection and treatment in this patient population are poorly defined. Furthermore, few reports differentiate between different forms of sinus pathology. A series of pediatric patients with skull fractures who underwent venous imaging and were diagnosed with intrinsic cerebral venous sinus thrombosis or extrinsic sinus compression is presented...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242787/foot-deformities-in-hajdu-cheney-syndrome-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Ashish B Shah, Breann K Tisano, Osama Elattar, Jackson Rucker Staggers, Sameer Naranje
Introduction: Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by acroosteolysis, wormian skull bones with persistent skull sutures, premature loss of teeth, micrognathia, short stature, hypermobility of the joints, neurologic manifestations such as basilar invagination with subsequent paresthesia, hearing loss, and speech alterations, and osteoporosis with tendency to pathologic fractures of long bones and vertebrae as well as painful hands and feet. Very few cases have been earlier reported in the literature...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241996/fracture-related-mortality-in-southern-sweden-a-multiple-cause-of-death-analysis-1998-2014
#12
Aliasghar A Kiadaliri, Björn E Rosengren, Martin Englund
PURPOSE: To assess fracture-related mortality among adults (aged ≥20years) in southern Sweden using multiple causes of death approach. METHODS: All death certificates (n=201 488) in adults recorded in the region of Skåne from 1998 to 2014 were examined. We identified fracture-related deaths and computed mortality rates by sex, age group, and fracture site. Temporal trends were evaluated using joinpoint regression and associated causes were identified by age- and sex-adjusted observed/expected ratios...
December 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233699/comparative-finite-element-analysis-of-skull-mechanical-properties-following-parietal-bone-graft-harvesting-in-adults
#13
Pierre Haen, Guillaume Dubois, Patrick Goudot, Thomas Schouman
INTRODUCTION: Parietal bone grafts are commonly used in cranio-maxillo-facial surgery. Both the outer and the internal layer of the calvarium can be harvested. The bone defect created by this harvesting may induce significant weakening of the skull that has not been extensively evaluated. Our aim was to evaluate the consequences of parietal bone graft harvesting on mechanical properties of the skull using a finite element analysis. METHODS: Finite elements models of the skull of 3 adult patients were created from CT scans...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233510/patient-specific-puzzle-implant-preformed-with-3d-printed-rapid-prototype-model-for-combined-orbital-floor-and-medial-wall-fracture
#14
Young Chul Kim, Kyung Hyun Min, Jong Woo Choi, Kyung S Koh, Tae Suk Oh, Woo Shik Jeong
BACKGROUND: The management of combined orbital floor and medial wall fractures involving the inferomedial strut is challenging due to absence of stable cornerstone. In this article, we proposed surgical strategies using customized 3D puzzle implant preformed with Rapid Prototype (RP) skull model. METHODS: Retrospective review was done in 28 patients diagnosed with combined orbital floor and medial wall fracture. Using preoperative CT scans, original and mirror-imaged RP skull models for each patient were prepared and sterilized...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208525/novel-familial-mutation-of-lrp5-causing-high-bone-mass-genetic-analysis-clinical-presentation-and-characterization-of-bone-matrix-mineralization
#15
K M Roetzer, G Uyanik, A Brehm, J Zwerina, S Zandieh, T Czech, P Roschger, B M Misof, K Klaushofer
The Wnt signalling pathway is a critical regulator of bone mass and quality. Several heterozygous mutations in the LRP5 gene, a Wnt co-receptor, causing high bone mass (LRP5-HBM) have been described to date. The pathogenic mechanism is thought to be a gain-of-function caused by impaired inhibition of the canonical Wnt signalling pathway, thereby leading to increased bone formation. We report the cases of two affected family members, a 53-year-old mother and her 23-year-old daughter, with high bone mass (T-scores mother: lumbar spine 11...
February 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205071/impact-of-helmet-use-in-equestrian-related-traumatic-brain-injury-a-matched-pairs-analysis
#16
Georg Bier, Malte N Bongers, Ahmed Othman, Johann-Martin Hempel, Volker Vieth, Walter Heindel, Ulrike Ernemann, Matthias C Burg
PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury is an important health concern in equestrian sports. Nevertheless, the use of safety helmets, especially in recreational riding, is reported to be rare. The purpose of this study was to perform the first matched-pairs analysis of traumatic brain injury with regard to the use of helmets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a multicenter retrospective database analysis 40 patients (mean age: 35 ± 17.13 years; 34 female & 6 male) were combined in 20 matched pairs based on age group, gender and trauma mechanism...
December 5, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204022/impact-of-road-traffic-injury-to-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-in-southern-thailand
#17
Thara Tunthanathip, Nakornchai Phuenpathom
Background: Motor vehicle is a major transportation in Southern Thailand as the result of road traffic injury and death. Consequently, severe disability and mortality in pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) were observed from traffic accident, particularly motorcycle accident. To identify the risk of intracranial injury in children, the association of treatment outcome with various factors including mechanisms of injury, clinical characteristics, and intracranial pathology can be assessed...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204021/cranioplasty-using-autoclaved-autologous-skull-bone-flaps-preserved-at-ambient-temperature
#18
Dominic Anto, Raju Paul Manjooran, Rajeev Aravindakshan, Kumar Lakshman, Raymond Morris
Context: Decompressive craniectomy followed by cranioplasty (CP) uses autologous craniectomy flaps or synthetic materials like titanium. Sterilization and preservation methods for the autologous bone flaps continue to be the surgeon's choice. Aim: This study aimed to assess the short-term as well as long-term clinical outcomes of CP using autoclaved autologous bone grafts. Settings and Design: This retrospective observational study was performed on patients admitted in a tertiary care teaching neurosurgery department...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203200/traumatic-skull-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-observational-study
#19
Hongwei Wang, Yue Zhou, Jun Liu, Lan Ou, Jianda Han, Liangbi Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological features of child and adolescent (≤18 years old) patients managed for traumatic skull fractures (TSKFs) and associated traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: 393 Patients who were children and adolescent who had TSKFs admitted to our university affiliated hospitals between January 2003 and December 2010. The incidence and patterns were summarized with respect to different age group, admission time and etiology. SETTING: Two university-affiliated hospitals from January 2003 to May 2010...
November 29, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201854/traumatic-intracerebral-and-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-due-to-a-ruptured-pseudoaneurysm-of-middle-meningeal-artery-accompanied-by-a-medial-sphenoid-wing-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#20
Jae Won Park, Jong Young Lee
Traumatic pseudoaneurysms of middle meningeal artery (MMA) and medial sphenoid wing dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) are rare. These lesions usually result from traumatic brain injury, and associated with skull fracture. In this paper, the authors report a case of a patient with a ruptured traumatic pseudoaneurysm of MMA and medial sphenoid wing dAVF presented with an intracerebral hemorrhage in the left temporal region and subarachnoid hemorrhage. These lesions were completely obliterated by endovascular treatment, and the patient was recovered without any neurologic deficit...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
keyword
keyword
570
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"