Read by QxMD icon Read

Procedural sedation

Mariko Aizawa, Satoshi Ishihara, Takeshi Yokoyama, Katsuyuki Katayama
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a recently introduced bronchoscopic treatment for patients with asthma refractory to pharmacotherapy. Intraprocedural sedation management is important for successful performance of BT. However, the results of general anesthesia in patients undergoing BT have not been well described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of general anesthesia in patients undergoing BT. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 10 consecutive BT treatments performed under general anesthesia in 4 patients...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
Douglas Lobb, Alix Clarke, Hollis Lai
Background: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of administration order when a sedative drug (midazolam) and an opioid analgesic drug (fentanyl) is applied for moderate intravenous (IV) sedation in dentistry. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted in one dental clinic during its transition from a midazolam-first to a fentanyl-first protocol for dental procedures requiring moderate IV sedation. Physiological parameters, drug administration times, patient recovery times, drug dosages, and patient recall and satisfaction were investigated for differences...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Shayne P Bisetto, Cristiano F Melo, Adriano B Carregaro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dexmedetomidine, midazolam and dexmedetomidine-midazolam for sedation and antinociception in tegus. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, crossover, randomized, blinded study. ANIMALS: Six healthy tegus (Salvator merianae) weighing 1.6±0.3 kg. METHODS: Tegus were administered intramuscularly saline (0.5 mL; CON), dexmedetomidine (0.2 mg kg-1 ; DX), midazolam (1 mg kg-1 ; MZ) and dexmedetomidine-midazolam (same doses; DM)...
January 17, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Richard B Parad
On Dec. 16, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a warning regarding the potential neurotoxicity of anesthesia and sedation agents on the developing brain in children younger than 3 years and in women during their 3rd trimester of pregnancy. These concerns have relevance to the pediatric radiologist who must take into consideration how the child's state might impact image quality. In this review the author provides background on the special concerns in the potentially highest-risk group, pre-term and term neonates, and provides guidance and rationale for the avoidance of sedation in procedural imaging of the newborn...
April 2018: Pediatric Radiology
Susan E Maloney, Catherine Creeley, Richard E Hartman, Carla M Yuede, Charles F Zorumski, Vesna Jevtovic-Todorovic, Krikor Dikranian, Kevin K Noguchi, Nuri B Farber, David F Wozniak
Fifteen years ago Olney and colleagues began using animal models to evaluate the effects of anesthetic and sedative agents (ASAs) on neurodevelopment. The results from ongoing studies indicate that, under certain conditions, exposure to these drugs during development induces an acute elevated apoptotic neurodegenerative response in the brain and long-term functional impairments. These animal models have played a significant role in bringing attention to the possible adverse effects of exposing the developing brain to ASAs when few concerns had been raised previously in the medical community...
March 14, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Donna L Seger, Justin K Loden
CONTEXT: Following clonidine ingestion, naloxone is seldom administered as it is considered ineffective in reversing somnolence, bradycardia, or hypotension. However, this conclusion has been based on administration of small doses (2 mg or less) of naloxone. The somnolence is frequently treated with endotracheal intubation (ETI), a procedure with significant morbidity. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine if naloxone administration reversed the effects of clonidine or caused any adverse effects...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
Ramón E Ruiz-Curiel, Ydaly Bonilla H, Alberto Baptista, Manuel Bronstein
OBJECTIVES: propofol is a rapid acting hypnotic that is becoming the drug of choice for sedation in digestive endoscopy worldwide. There is some controversy with regard to the use of propofol by physicians who are not anesthesiologists. We present our experience of the administration of propofol by endoscopist and nursing personnel. METHODS: this was a retrospective study of sedation in endoscopy. Propofol was exclusively used and administered by the endoscopist who performed the procedure and the nursing staff...
March 15, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Emanuele Rondonotti, Cristiano Spada, Samuel Adler, Andrea May, Edward J Despott, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Simon Panter, Dirk Domagk, Ignacio Fernandez-Urien, Gabriel Rahmi, Maria Elena Riccioni, Jeanin E van Hooft, Cesare Hassan, Marco Pennazio
SMALL-BOWEL CAPSULE ENDOSCOPY (SBCE): 1: ESGE recommends that prior to SBCE patients ingest a purgative (2 L of polyethylene glycol [PEG]) for better visualization.Strong recommendation, high quality evidence.However, the optimal timing for taking purgatives is yet to be established. 2: ESGE recommends that SBCE should be performed as an outpatient procedure if possible, since completion rates are higher in outpatients than in inpatients.Strong recommendation, moderate quality evidence...
March 14, 2018: Endoscopy
Rhodri Saunders, Jason A Davis, Peter Kranke, Rachel Weissbrod, David K Whitaker, Jenifer R Lightdale
Background: Studies have reported on the incidence of sedation-related adverse events (AEs), but little is known about their impact on health care costs and resource use. Methods: Health care providers and payers in five countries were recruited for an online survey by independent administrators to ensure that investigators and respondents were blinded to each other. Surveys were conducted in the local language and began with a "screener" to ensure that respondents had relevant expertise and experience...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Hamid Mazdak, Amir Mohamad Abtahi, Fatemeh Momeni, Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi
Background: We aim to compare the degree of pain control and complications in three types of anesthesia using periprostatic nerve block (PPNB) plus intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA), low-dose spinal anesthesia, and intravenous (IV) sedation in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 106 patients were participated from December 2015 to December 2016 at Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Muhammed Sedat Sakat, Korhan Kilic, Ayhan Kars, Mustafa Kara, Mustafa Sitki Gozeler
Objective: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed at ear, nose, and throat clinics. Chronic recurrent tonsillitis, obstructive tonsillitis, and halitosis are among the most common indications for surgery. Determining whether the infection is chronic and the patient's annual number of infections are important in estimating the necessity for surgery to be performed due to infectious causes. Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a numerical value present in normal complete blood count that provides information about erythrocytes and their dimensions...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Isabel Atencio, Max Beushausen, John J Kowalczyk, Andres Flores-Hidalgo, Nora Fitzgerald, Dale A Baur
PURPOSE: Currently, there is a concern at the national level of the overuse of both prescription and nonprescription opioid use. The purpose of this study was to identify whether the use of the intravenous (IV) formulation of acetaminophen (Ofirmev; Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, Staines-upon-Thames, United Kingdom) is an effective tool in the reduction of postoperative pain, with a secondary goal of reduction of postoperative narcotic use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 72 patients with previously diagnosed either partial bony or complete bony impacted third molars were selected with care to avoid long-acting local anesthetics or dissociative anesthetic agents...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Heather Thomas, Julia Yole, Michael H Livingston, Karen Bailey, Brian H Cameron, Lisa VanHouwelingen
PURPOSE: The "cut and push" technique for removal of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes with collapsible bumpers offers an alternative to the standard traction method of removal. This study compared the outcomes of these techniques. METHODS: We completed a research ethics board-approved retrospective cohort study, identifying all patients less than 18years of age who underwent PEG tube removal at a children's hospital between December 2013 and December 2016...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Sang Won Yoon, Geun Joo Choi, Oh-Haeng Lee, Il Jae Yoon, Hyun Kang, Chong Wha Baek, Yong Hun Jung, Young Cheol Woo
BACKGROUND: Previous randomized controlled trials have reported conflicting findings comparing propofol combination therapy(PCT) with propofol monotherapy(PMT) for sedation of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. Therefore, a systematic review was performed to compare the efficacy and safety of PCT and PMT in such patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL databases to identify all randomized controlled trials that compared the efficacy and safety of PCT and PMT for sedation of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy...
March 11, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Asad A Khawaja, Dmitry Tumin, Ralph J Beltran, Joseph D Tobias, Joshua C Uffman
OBJECTIVES: General anesthesia or sedation can facilitate the completion of diagnostic radiological studies in children. We evaluated the incidence, predictors, and causes of adverse events (AEs) when general anesthesia is provided for diagnostic radiological imaging. METHODS: Deidentified data from 24 pediatric tertiary care hospitals participating in the Wake-Up Safe registry during 2010-2015 were obtained for analysis. Children 18 years or younger receiving general anesthesia for radiological procedures were identified using Current Procedural Terminology codes, and reported AEs were analyzed if they were associated with anesthetic care at magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography locations...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
Jessica E McDonald, Amy M Knollinger
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of hyaluronic acid (HA) subdermal filler in canines and felines for entropion. METHODS: Complete ophthalmologic examination was performed by a board-certified veterinary ophthalmologist or ABVO-approved resident. Each case was characterized as primary, secondary, spastic or cicatricial entropion. HA subdermal filler, specifically Restylane® and Restylane Silk® , were utilized in dogs and cats, respectively. Subdermal injection was performed 1-2 mm from the eyelid margin in the affected area until normal eyelid conformation was achieved...
March 9, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Hanna M Butler-Struben, Samantha M Brophy, Nasira A Johnson, Robyn J Crook
Cephalopod molluscs are among the most behaviorally and neurologically complex invertebrates. As they are now included in research animal welfare regulations in many countries, humane and effective anesthesia is required during invasive procedures. However, currently there is no evidence that agents believed to act as anesthetics produce effects beyond immobility. In this study we demonstrate, for the first time, that two of the most commonly used agents in cephalopod general anesthesia, magnesium chloride and ethanol, are capable of producing strong and reversible blockade of afferent and efferent neural signal; thus they are genuine anesthetics, rather than simply sedating agents that render animals immobile but not insensible...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Jennifer Yurkovich, Debra S Burns, Tondi Harrison
Background: Although evidence suggests music therapy lowers the heart rate of ill adults undergoing painful procedures and premature infants in the NICU, the effect of music therapy interventions on physiologic response in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) being cared for in the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) has not been explored. Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of the music therapy entrainment on physiologic responses of infants with CHD in the CICU...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Muzaffer Kahyaoğlu, Mustafa Ağca, Ender Özgün Çakmak, Çetin Geçmen, İbrahim Akın İzgi
Contrast-induced encephalopathy (CIE) is a rare complication of angiography. Presently reported is the case of a patient diagnosed with CIE following peripheral angioplasty with the non-ionic contrast agent, iohexol. A 66-year-old male patient described intermittent claudication and peripheral arterial disease was suspected. Lower extremity angiography was performed, and following dilation of a 7.0x150-mm balloon, a 9.0x57-mm stent was placed in the lesioned vessel. The patient subsequently developed confusion and cortical blindness, and a seizure occurred 1 hour after the procedure...
March 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Theodoros Aslanidis, Vasilios Grosomanidis, Konstantinos Karakoulas, Athanasios Chatzisotiriou
Electrodermal activity (EDA) is considered a measure of autonomous nervous system activity. This study performed an exploratory analysis of the EDA changes during blood pooling for arterial blood gas analysis in sedated adult critical care patients and correlated the variations to other monitored parameters. EDA, along with other parameters, were monitored during 4 h routine daytime intensive care nursing and treatment in an adult ICU. 4 h measurements were divided into two groups based upon the sedation level...
March 6, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"