Read by QxMD icon Read

acetabular and femur neck

Michael Worlicek, Markus Weber, Benjamin Craiovan, Michael Wörner, Florian Völlner, Hans R Springorum, Joachim Grifka, Tobias Renkawitz
BACKROUND: Improper femoral and acetabular component positioning can be associated with instability, impingement, component wear and finally patient dissatisfaction in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The concept of "femur first"/"combined anteversion", incorporates various aspects of performing a functional optimization of the prosthetic stem and cup position of the stem relative to the cup intraoperatively. In the present study we asked two questions: (1) Do native femoral anteversion and anteversion of the implant correlate? (2) Do anteversion of the final broach and implant anteversion correlate? METHODS: In a secondary analysis of a prospective controlled trial, a subgroup of 55 patients, who underwent computer-assisted, cementless THA with a straight, tapered stem through an anterolateral, minimally invasive (MIS) approach in a lateral decubitus position were examined retrospectivly...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
J Schmolders, S Koob, P Schepers, S Gravius, D C Wirtz, C Burger, P H Pennekamp, A C Strauss
Introduction/Background: With extended life expectancy, the number of primary joint arthroplasties has also increased. Revision surgery is also more often necessary, due to aseptic or septic loosening of the prosthesis or periprosthetic fracture. Large bone defects often occur in these patients and several non-modular, conventional implants are available to handle this difficult situation. Custom made implants offer an individually designed and defect-adapted shape with perfect covering of the lesion, but may delay the operation...
September 15, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Abir Massaad, Ayman Assi, Ziad Bakouny, Christophe Sauret, Nour Khalil, Wafa Skalli, Ismat Ghanem
Skeletal abnormalities, affecting posture and walking pattern, increase with motor impairment in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, it is not known whether these skeletal malalignments occur in children with slight motor impairment. Our aim was to evaluate skeletal malalignment at the level of the pelvis and lower limbs in ambulant children with CP, with slight motor impairment, using a low dose biplanar X-ray technique. Twenty-seven children with spastic CP (mean age: 10.9±4years, 7 Hemiplegia, 20 Diplegia, GMFCS levels I:17, II:10), with no previous treatments at the hips and knees, underwent EOS(®) biplanar X-rays...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
Aysha Rajeev, Paul Banaszkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Hemiarthroplasty of the hip is one of the commonest procedures done for intracapsular fractures of the neck of femur in elderly. Dislocation of the hemiarthroplasty is a recognised and significant complication. This is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The treatment options include closed manipulation, skin and skeletal traction, conversion to total hip replacement, exploration and open reduction and leaving it out of the acetabulum. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A retrospective review of ten patients with recurrent and failed closed manipulative reduction of hemiarthroplasty who underwent revision using a cemented captive acetabular cup and cement to cement revision of femoral component with Exeter CDH stem was carried out...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Kazuaki Mineta, Tomohiro Goto, Keizo Wada, Yasuaki Tamaki, Daisuke Hamada, Kosaku Higashino, Koichi Sairyo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of herniation pits (HPs) and to evaluate differences in radiographic features related to femoroacetabular impingement-a hip disorder with abnormal abutment between the acetabulum and femur-between hips with and without HPs in a convenience sample of Japanese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 1,178 hips on each side (695 men, 483 women; mean age, 58.2 years) using computed tomographic images. The radiological assessments of hip morphology were performed by measuring the lateral center edge angle, acetabular index, acetabular version, alpha angle, and femoral head-neck offset...
August 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Luigi Murena, Roberto Fattori, Veronica Scamacca, Paolo Cau, Chiara Ratti, Gianluca Canton
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Hemiarthroplasty (HA) for femoral neck fractures in relatively young patients has been reported to have poor results. Moreover, cotyloiditis has been described for HA as a possible cause of revision. Nontheless, in the literature there is lack of studies specifically evaluating this topic, particularly in relatively young patients. Aim of the study was to evaluate bipolar HA clinical and radiographic results at long term follow up in patients treated under the age of 70...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
S Molière, J-C Dosch, G Bierry
Pelvic ring fractures when caused by trauma, either violent or in demineralized bone, generally consist of injuries in both the anterior (pubic symphysis and rami) and posterior (iliac wing, sacrum, sacroiliac joint) portions. Injury classifications are based on injury mechanism and pelvic stability, and are used to determine treatment. Acetabular fractures, associated or not to pelvic ring disruption, are classified on the basis of fracture line, into elementary fractures of the acetabular walls, columns and roof, and into complex fractures...
July 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Richard Prazeres Canella, Guilherme Pradi Adam, Roberto André Ulhôa de Castillo, Daniel Codonho, Gerson Gandhi Ganev, Luiz Fernando de Vicenzi
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the angles between the acetabulum and the proximal femur in symptomatic patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), using computed tomography (CT). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 103 hips from 103 patients, using multislice CT to measure the acetabular age, acetabular version (in its supraequatorial portion and in its middle third), femoral neck version, cervical-diaphyseal and alpha angles and the acetabular depth. For the statistical analysis, we used the Pearson correlation coefficient...
March 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Thomas F McCarthy, Vincent Alipit, Jim Nevelos, Randa K Elmallah, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: It is advocated that to avoid complications associated with femoral stem impingement, acetabular positioning should be within a "safe zone." However, instability remains prevalent despite accurate cup positioning, with studies showing dislocations of cups despite positioning within safe zones. We assessed cup position angles associated with impingement in a group of subjects during (1) squatting; (2) object pick-up; and (3) low chair rise. METHODS: Ten subjects (mean age, 69 years; body mass index, 28...
September 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Jibanananda Satpathy, Arun Kannan, John R Owen, Jennifer S Wayne, Jason R Hull, William A Jiranek
The current literature on femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is focused on acetabular orientation and femoral head asphericity, with little emphasis on the effect of version of the femoral neck. A biomechanical model was developed to determine the causative effect, if any, of femoral retroversion on hip contact stress and, if present, delineate the type of FAI with femoral neck retroversion. Five pairs of cadaveric hips (n = 10) were tested by loading the hip in 90° of flexion and measured the peak joint pressure and the location of the peak joint pressure...
October 2015: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Chikahisa Higuchi, Nobuhiko Sugano, Kiyoshi Yoshida, Hideki Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Various deformities appear in hereditary multiple exostoses (HMEs). Deformities around the knee or ankle joints are easy to detect in this disease because such deformities are visible in appearance. However, deformities in the hip joints of skeletally mature patients are not well understood because their tumors are invisible. METHODS: To understand deformities around the hip joint in HMEs, we investigated 36 hip joints in 19 skeletally mature patients (12 males, 7 females)...
May 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Marko Mladenović, Ivan Micić, Zoran Andjelković, Desimir Mladenović, Predrag Stojiljković
INTRODUCTION: Minimal bone changes in the acetabulum and/or proximal femur, through mechanism known as femoroacetabular impingement, during flexion, adduction and internal rotation lead to early contact between femoral head-neck junction and acetabular brim, in anterosuperior region. Each additional pathological substrate which further decreases specified clearance provokes earlier onset of femoroacetabular impingement symptoms. CASE REPORT: We presented a 20-year-old male patient with groin pain, limping, positive impingement test, radiological signs of mixed form of femoroacetabular impingement and unrecognized chronic hypertrophic synovitis with earlier development of clinical hip symptoms than it has been expected...
December 2015: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Jean-Christophe Bel, Jean-Paul Carret
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether minimal invasive surgery (MIS) in elderly patients with neck of femur fractures would reduce the peri-operative complications and improve the post-operative ambulation and length of hospital stay in his cohort of patients. Forty elderly patients were treated with either total hip arthroplasty (THA) or bipolar prosthesis using MIS transgluteal approach. A matched reference group treated with a conventional surgical approach formed the control group. All procedures were performed by the same surgeon...
January 2015: Injury
Zhou Xiang, Daiqing Wei, Ming Liu, Xin Duan, Jun Ma, Yue Fang, Qingquan Kong, Fuguo Huang, Shiqiang Cen, Gang Zhong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application and technical essentials of computer-assisted navigation in the surgical management of periacetabular fractures and pelvic fractures. METHODS: Between May 2010 and May 2011, 39 patients with periacetabular or anterior and posterior pelvic ring fractures were treated by minimally invasive fixation under computer-assisted navigation and were followed up more than 2 years, and the clinical data were analyzed retrospectively...
January 2015: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Heinse Bouma, Tom Hogervorst, Emanuel Audenaert, Paulien van Kampen
The concept of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) proposes the development of hip osteoarthritis through motion-induced damage to the acetabular cartilage and labrum. Thus, dynamic interaction of the proximal femur and acetabulum is the crux of FAI. Several types of FAI can be distinguished, but FAI classification is mostly done with separate parameters for acetabular and femoral morphology on planar images, without direct representation of the femoroacetabular interaction. Five main parameters influence impingement between the proximal femur and the acetabular rim: alpha and center edge angles, acetabular and femoral version, and neck-shaft angle...
November 2015: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Faustine Vallon, Amélie Reymond, Philipp Fürnstahl, Patrick O Zingg, Atul F Kamath, Jess Snedeker, Claudio Dora
INTRODUCTION: Abnormalities in hip morphology can reduce range of motion (ROM) through femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Structural issues, such as asphericity of the head-neck junction and regional or global acetabular over-coverage, have been extensively discussed in the literature. The effect of varying femoral neck-shaft angle or torsion on native hip range of motion, however, has been poorly studied. Our hypothesis was that varying neck-shaft angles or femoral torsion affect the impingement-free ROM of the hip and can be treated by femoral osteochondroplasty or acetabular rim resection...
November 2015: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Nan Jiang, Lin Peng, Mohammed Al-Qwbani, Guo-Ping Xie, Qin-Meng Yang, Yu Chai, Qing Zhang, Bin Yu
Anatomic data regarding femoral version, neck-shaft angle, and acetabular anteversion are still limited in Chinese Han adult population. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of age, sex, and body laterality on the 3 important anatomic indicators in Chinese Han healthy adults. Measurements were performed independently by 3 experienced observers using the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) in healthy adults who had received imaging tests of the femur and acetabulum between January 2009 and October 2014...
May 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Haluk Agus, Burak Önvural, Cemal Kazimoglu, Ali Reisoglu, Onder Kalenderer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Avascular necrosis (AVN) is a major cause of disability after treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), leading to femoral head deformity, acetabular dysplasia, and osteoarthritis in adult life. Type-II AVN is characterized by retarded growth in the lateral aspect of the physis or by premature lateral fusion, which produces a valgus deformity of the head on the neck of the femur. We investigated the effect of medial percutaneous hemi-epiphysiodesis as a novel technique in the treatment of late-diagnosed type-II AVN...
2015: Acta Orthopaedica
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Several cross-sectional studies have estimated that the prevalence of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) ranges from 14-17% among asymptomatic young adults to almost 95% among competitive athletes. With FAI, there is abnormal contact between the proximal femur and the acetabulum, resulting in abnormal mechanics with terminal motion such as hip flexion and rotation. This condition results from bony anomalies of the acetabular rim (Pincer) and or femoral head/neck junction (CAM) and typically causes hip pain and decreased hip function...
2015: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Somashekar, Sathya Vamsi Krishna, Jn Sridhara Murthy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Intracapsular femoral neck fractures are common in the elderly population. To avoid the poor outcome of internal fixation and for early mobilization, hemiarthroplasty is performed. However, there is inadequate evidence to support the choice between unipolar or bipolar hemiarthroplasty. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of unipolar with the bipolar prosthesis in geriatric patients. METHODS: Forty-one patients above 60 years of age and an acute displaced fracture of the femoral neck were randomly allocated to treatment by either unipolar or bipolar hemiarthroplasty, in the Department of Orthopaedics, between September 2009 and October 2012...
July 2013: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"