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acetabular and femur neck

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298262/body-mass-index-affects-proximal-femoral-but-not-acetabular-morphology-in-adolescents-without-hip-pathology
#1
Eduardo N Novais, Sandra J Shefelbine, Karl-Philipp Kienle, Patricia E Miller, Garrett Bowen, Young-Jo Kim, Sarah D Bixby
BACKGROUND: Increased mechanical load secondary to a large body mass index (BMI) may influence bone remodeling. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether BMI is associated with the morphology of the proximal part of the femur and the acetabulum in a cohort of adolescents without a history of hip disorders. METHODS: We evaluated pelvic computed tomographic (CT) images in 128 adolescents with abdominal pain without a history of hip pathology. There were 44 male patients (34%) and the mean patient age (and standard deviation) was 15 ± 1...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246717/comparative-analysis-of-the-reconstruction-of-individual-hip-anatomy-using-3-different-cementless-stem-designs-in-patients-with-primary-hip-osteoarthritis
#2
Moritz M Innmann, Katrin Spier, Marcus R Streit, Peter R Aldinger, Thomas Bruckner, Tobias Gotterbarm, Christian Merle
BACKGROUND: We questioned whether there was a radiographic difference in hip geometry reconstruction and implant fixation between 3 different cementless stem design concepts in patients with primary end-stage hip osteoarthritis. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the preoperative and postoperative radiographs by 2 independent and blinded reviewers in a series of 264 consecutive patients who had received either a straight double-tapered stem with 3 offset options (group A), a straight double-tapered stem with 2 shape options and modular necks (group B), and a bone-preserving curved tapered stem with 4 offset options (group C)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245096/pre-and-post-operative-evaluation-of-pincer-type-femoroacetabular-impingement-during-squat-using-image-matching-techniques-a-case-report
#3
Kensei Yoshimoto, Satoshi Hamai, Hidehiko Higaki, Hirotaka Gondo, Satoru Ikebe, Yasuharu Nakashima
INTRODUCTION: Although combined evaluation of hip joint kinematics and bone morphology is necessary for accurate assessment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), there are no report which evaluated hip kinematics of pincer-type FAI. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The pre- and postoperative hip kinematics of a 46-year-old man, with a pincer-type FAI during squat were evaluated using image-matching techniques and the rim-neck distance was measured. Preoperative simulation of squatting was also performed using patient's bone models and healthy subject's kinematics data to detect the overlapping lesion between the acetabulum and the femur...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234647/radiographic-anatomy-of-the-proximal-femur-femoral-neck-fracture-vs-transtrochanteric-fracture
#4
Ana Lecia Carneiro Leão de Araújo Lima, Saul Caldas Miranda, Hudson Felipe Oliveira de Vasconcelos
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between radiographic parameters of the proximal femur with femoral neck fractures or transtrochanteric fractures. Methods: Cervicodiaphyseal angle (CDA), femoral neck width (FNW), hip axis length (HAL), and acetabular tear drop distance (ATD) were analyzed in 30 pelvis anteroposterior view X-rays of patients with femoral neck fractures (n = 15) and transtrochanteric fractures (n = 15). The analysis was performed by comparing the results of the X-rays with femoral neck fractures and with transtrochanteric fractures...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216704/-prevalence-of-x-ray-signs-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-mexican-population
#5
R Gutiérrez-Ramos, S A Ávalos-Calderón, L A Bahena-Peniche
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a suggested diagnosis for pain in the hip in the absence of other apparent causes. It is thought to be a cause of progressive arthrosis of the hip. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of radiographic data of FAI in the adult population without hip pathology over a period of six months. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analytical, observational, multicentric, ambispective and transverse study based on digital X-rays analysis...
May 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203379/arthroscopic-reconstruction-of-the-ligamentum-teres-a-guide-to-safe-tunnel-placement
#6
Alex W Brady, Jorge Chahla, Renato Locks, Jacob D Mikula, Erik L Slette, Robert F LaPrade, Marc J Philippon
PURPOSE: To provide a quantitative guide to tunnel placement concurrently through the femur and acetabulum during a ligamentum teres reconstruction, minimizing the risk of injury to the obturator neurovascular bundle. METHODS: Nine human cadaveric pelvises, complete with femurs (mean age, 59.6 years; age range, 47-65 years), were studied. Before dissection, a 3-dimensional coordinate-measuring device was used to record the neutral orientation of the femur in the acetabulum...
December 1, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137619/percutaneous-medial-hemi-epiphysiodesis-using-a-transphyseal-screw-for-caput-valgum-associated-with-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#7
Chang Ho Shin, Wan Kee Hong, Doo Jae Lee, Won Joon Yoo, In Ho Choi, Tae-Joon Cho
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiologic outcome of percutaneous medial hemi-epiphysiodesis using a transphyseal screw for the management of caput valgum associated with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). METHODS: Eighteen hips (18 patients) having caput valgum treated with screw hemi-epiphysiodesis were followed for more than 2 years, and were included in this study. The mean age at the time of the index operation was 8.3 years (range, 4...
November 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080951/morphological-variation-of-the-anterior-inferior-iliac-spine-affects-hip-range-of-motion-in-flexion-after-rotational-acetabular-osteotomy
#8
Hidetoshi Hamada, Masaki Takao, Takashi Sakai, Nobuhiko Sugano
PURPOSE: Reduced range of motion (ROM) in flexion and internal rotation are associated with impaired activities of daily living (ADL) after rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO). This study focused on the morphological variation of the anterior inferior iliac spine in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and its impact on post-operative bony ROM after RAO. This study aimed to investigate the association between bony ROM after RAO and pre-operative morphological factors of the pelvis and femur, including a positional variation of the anterior inferior iliac spine...
October 28, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040131/acetabular-global-insufficiency-in-patients-with-down-syndrome-and-hip-related-symptoms-a-matched-cohort-study
#9
Evgeny Bulat, Daniel A Maranho, Leslie A Kalish, Michael B Millis, Young-Jo Kim, Eduardo N Novais
BACKGROUND: The etiology of hip instability in Down syndrome is not completely understood. We investigated the morphology of the acetabulum and femur in patients with Down syndrome and compared measurements of the hips with those of matched controls. METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) images of the pelvis of 42 patients with Down syndrome and hip symptoms were compared with those of 42 age and sex-matched subjects without Down syndrome or history of hip disease who had undergone CT for abdominal pain...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958658/a-minimum-ten-years-of-follow-up-of-alumina-head-on-delta-liner-total-hip-arthroplasty
#10
Won-Sik Choy, Yong-Han Cha, Chung-Youb Jeon, Kyu-Sang Lee, Ha-Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: In the early days when delta ceramics were developed, there was a period of using delta ceramic liner and alumina ceramic head. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes of total hip arthroplasty using delta ceramic liner on alumina ceramic head after a minimum of 10 years of follow-up and to evaluate problems of early delta ceramic liner. METHODS: Alumina on delta cementless total hip arthroplasty was performed in 92 hips (85 patients) from August 2005 to March 2007 at our hospital...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902001/guided-growth-of-the-proximal-femur-for-the-management-of-hip-dysplasia-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
Nicola Portinaro, Marco Turati, Matteo Cometto, Marco Bigoni, Jon R Davids, Artemisia Panou
BACKGROUND: Progressive hip displacement is one of the most common and debilitating deformities seen in children with cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of temporary medial hemiepiphysiodesis of the proximal femur (TMH-PF) using a transphyseal screw to control hip migration during growth in children with CP. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of children with CP and hip dysplasia, age 4 to 11 years and GMFCS levels III-V...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688198/study-of-the-interactions-between-proximal-femur-3d-bone-shape-cartilage-health-and-biomechanics-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis
#12
Valentina Pedoia, Michael A Samaan, Gaurav Inamdar, Matthew C Gallo, Richard B Souza, Sharmila Majumdar
In this study quantitative MRI and gait analysis were used to investigate the relationships between proximal femur 3D bone shape, cartilage morphology, cartilage biochemical composition, and joint biomechanics in subject with hip Osteoarthritis (OA). Eighty subjects underwent unilateral hip MR-imaging: T1ρ and T2 relaxation times were extracted through voxel based relaxometry and bone shape was assessed with 3D MRI-based statistical shape modeling. In addition, 3D gait analysis was performed in seventy-six of the studied subjects...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574116/the-influence-of-acetabular-morphology-on-prediction-of-proximal-femur-fractures-types-in-an-elderly-population
#13
Abbas Tokyay, Melih Güven, Mehmet E Encan, Erhan Okay, Ozgur Akbaba
INTRODUCTION: The role of proximal femur morphology to the development of certain proximal femur fracture types both femoral neck and trochanteric fractures has been observed. However, the relavance of acetabular morphology to the development of proximal femur fractures is not extensively questioned. Therefore the aim of the study was to determine whether there is a correlation between acetabular morphology and pathogenesis of 2 different hip fracture types after low energy trauma. METHODS: This retrospective study includes 60 cases (41 women, 19 men) with a proximal femoral fracture after a low energy trauma between July 2012 and December 2014...
September 19, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529662/femoral-and-acetabular-re-alignment-in-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#14
M Leunig, H M Manner, L Turchetto, R Ganz
NEW PATHOPHYSIOLOGICAL INSIGHTS: Based on improved knowledge of the vascular supply of the proximal femur, a safe surgical dislocation of the hip joint was established allowing direct insights to the pathomorphological malfunctioning of the joint. One insight was that slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) impingement leads to substantial damage of the chondrolabral rim area, even in the presence of minor slips. A further surgical development was the extended retinacular flap allowing for correction of the deformity with calculable risk for iatrogenic necrosis...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415025/unusual-combination-of-femoral-head-dislocation-associated-acetabular-fracture-with-multipart-femoral-fractures-case-report
#15
Erdal Uzun, Ali Eray Günay, İbrahim Karaman, Abdülhamit Mısır, Turan Bilge Kızkapan, Mustafa Özçamdallı
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic hip dislocation associated with femur intertrocanteric fracture is a rare and severe injury and it frequently occurs following a high energy trauma, Associated acetabular fractures with this injury are even more rare and potentially cause devastating consequences including avascular necrosis of the femoral head and subsequent early secondary osteoarthritis of the hip joint. PRESENTATION OF CASE: In this case report, we present a 20year old polytraumatized patient with traumatic hip dislocation associated with ipsilateral acetabulum fracture and simultaneous fractures of the ipsilateral femur...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400660/anthropometric-analysis-of-the-hip-joint-in-south-indian-population-using-computed-tomography
#16
Vetrivel Chezian Sengodan, Elangovan Sinmayanantham, J Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Proximal femur has a significant functional modification on erect bipedal posture. Various proximal femoral parameters were analyzed in Western literature. This information was utilized in prosthetic designing. Implants designed for Western people are used in Indian patients undergoing hip surgeries such as internal fixation and replacement arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was done among 200 individuals (400 hips) with a normal hip joint after ethical committee clearance...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336189/3d-cad-reverse-engineering-technique-for-assessment-of-thai-morphology-proximal-femur-and-acetabulum
#17
Nattapon Chantarapanich, Sattaya Rojanasthien, Bancha Chernchujit, Banchong Mahaisavariya, Kavin Karunratanakul, Prasert Chalermkarnnon, Chinnawit Glunrawd, Kriskrai Sitthiseripratip
PURPOSE: To assess morphological parameters of proximal femur and acetabulum in Thai population with three-dimensional measurement technique, and to analysis of collateral side symmetric, gender difference, and correlation between morphometric parameters. METHODS: Investigation was performed in 240 femurs. All three-dimensional femur models were acquitted from 64-slice spiral CT scanner. Morphometric parameters under consideration included acetabular diameter, femoral head diameter, shaft isthmus location, intramedullary canal diameter, diaphyseal diameter, femoral head height, femoral neck isthmus, femoral neck length, neck shaft angle, bow angle, and anteversion angle...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328561/does-orientation-of-the-femoral-head-affect-acetabular-development-an-experimental-study-in-lamb
#18
Luis Moraleda, Christian Bravo, Francisco Forriol, Javier Albiñana
BACKGROUND: Derotational osteotomy of the proximal femur has proved to be effective in the treatment of residual acetabular dysplasia. However, the reason why this osteotomy is effective remains debatable. The purpose of this study is to investigate if an alteration of femoral head orientation affects acetabular growth. METHODS: A proximal femoral osteotomy was performed in 21 lambs aged 3 months: 5 varus osteotomies (110 degrees), 4 valgus osteotomies (150 degrees), and 12 derotation osteotomies...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314887/mechanical-strains-passing-through-the-acetabular-labrum-modify-its-shape-during-hip-motion-an-anatomical-study
#19
Matthieu Ollivier, Thomas Le Corroller, Sebastien Parratte, Patrick Chabrand, Jean-Noël Argenson, Olivier Gagey
PURPOSE: The function of the hip labrum during hip motion remains poorly known. Our hypothesis was that acetabular labrum will deform and change its shape during adduction to abduction movement consecutively to variation of strains passing from the acetabulum to the femoral head. An ex vivo anatomical study was conducted to analyse the morphological parameters variation of the mid-portion of the labrum (length, thickness, shape, deformation) as well as femoro-labral strains during hip adduction to abduction movement...
June 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116262/acetabular-prosthetic-protrusio-after-bipolar-hemi-arthroplasty-of-the-hip-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Jason Bt Lim, Chia Liang Ang, Hee Nee Pang
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar hemi-arthroplasty of the hip is a commonly performed procedure in elderly patients with intra-capsular fracture of the neck of the femur with good short-term results for pain relief, return to activity and morbidity. The incidence of intra-pelvic prosthesis migration or protrusion is rare and one of the inciting factors is chronic low-grade sepsis. Acetabular prosthesis protrusion poses a difficult and challenging surgical problem due to surrounding neurovascular structures...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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