keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

femur neck

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786824/intramedullary-nail-with-integrated-cephalocervical-screws-in-the-intertrochanteric-fractures-treatment-position-of-screws-in-fracture-stability
#1
Gökhan Kaynak, Mehmet Can Ünlü, Mehmet Fatih Güven, Ozan Ali Erdal, Okan Tok, Hüseyin Botanlıoğlu, Önder Aydıngöz
BACKGROUND: Stable fracture fixation is important in the treatment of intertrochanteric femur (ITF) fractures in the elderly population to prevent the loss of reduction, achieve early mobility, and restore independence. The aim of this study was to present the results of surgical treatment of stable and unstable ITF fractures using a trochanteric antegrade intramedullary nail with two cephalocervical screws in an integrated mechanism (Intertan®; Smith & Nephew, Memphis, TN) and evaluate the relationship between the loss of reduction and screw position in the femoral neck in two planes...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781820/management-of-pediatric-femoral-neck-fracture
#2
Joseph T Patterson, Jennifer Tangtiphaiboontana, Nirav K Pandya
In the pediatric population, femoral neck fracture is a relatively uncommon injury with a high complication rate, despite appropriate diagnosis and management. The anatomy and blood supply of the proximal femur in the skeletally immature patient differs from that in the adult patient. Generally, these fractures result from high-energy trauma and are categorized using the Delbet classification system. This system both guides management and aids the clinician in determining the risk of osteonecrosis after these fractures...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779504/association-of-dietary-patterns-of-american-adults-with-bone-mineral-density-and-fracture
#3
Mohsen Mazidi, Andre Pascal Kengne, Hassan Vatanparast
OBJECTIVE: In a representative sample of US adults, we investigated the associations of nutrient patterns (NP) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: US community-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). SUBJECTS: Participants with measured data on dietary intake and BMD from 2005 to 2010 were included. Principal components analysis was used to identify NP...
May 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777918/sex-differences-in-the-spatial-distribution-of-bone-in-relation-to-incident-hip-fracture-findings-from-the-ages-reykjavik-study
#4
Elisa A Marques, Julio Carballido-Gamio, Vilmundur Gudnason, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Thor Aspelund, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Lenore Launer, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Thomas Lang, Tamara B Harris
In this case-cohort study, we used data-driven computational anatomy approaches to assess within and between sex spatial differences in proximal femoral bone characteristics in relation to incident hip fracture. One hundred male and 234 female incident hip fracture cases, and 1047 randomly selected noncase subcohort participants (562 female) were chosen from the population-based AGES-Reykjavik study (mean age of 77 years). The baseline -i.e. before hip fracture- hip quantitative computed tomography scans of these subjects were analyzed using voxel-based morphometry, tensor-based morphometry, and surface-based statistical parametric mapping to assess the spatial distribution of volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), internal structure, and cortical bone properties (thickness, vBMD and trabecular vBMD adjacent to the endosteal surface) of the proximal femur, respectively, in relation to incident hip fracture...
May 16, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776418/the-impact-of-contour-variation-on-tumour-control-probability-in-anal-cancer
#5
Michael P Jones, Jarad Martin, Kerwyn Foo, Patrick Estoesta, Lois Holloway, Michael Jameson
BACKGROUND: While intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) has been widely adopted for the treatment of anal cancer (AC), the added contour complexity poses potential risks. This study investigates the impact of contour variation on tumour control probability (TCP) when using IMRT for AC. METHODS: Nine Australian centres contoured a single computed tomography dataset of a patient with AC. The same optimised template-based IMRT planning protocol was applied to each contour set to generate nine representative treatment plans and their corresponding dose volume histograms...
May 18, 2018: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775910/hip-and-patellofemoral-joint-loading-during-gait-are-increased-in-children-with-idiopathic-torsional-deformities
#6
Elyse Passmore, H Kerr Graham, Marcus G Pandy, Morgan Sangeux
BACKGROUND: Torsional deformities of the femur and tibia are associated with gait impairments and joint pain. Several studies have investigated these gait deviations in children with cerebral palsy. However, relatively little is known about gait deviations in children with idiopathic torsion and debate ensues about the management of these patients. RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the effects of idiopathic increased femoral neck anteversion and external tibial torsion on lower-limb kinematics, kinetics and joint loading during gait in children and adolescents...
May 9, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770880/intraoperative-periprosthetic-femur-fracture-during-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-for-displaced-femoral-neck-fractures
#7
Choon Chiet Hong, Nazrul Nashi, Jiong Hao Tan, Ruben Manohara, Wei Ting Lee, Diarmuid Paul Murphy
INTRODUCTION: We aim to review the incidence and risk factors for the development of intraoperative periprosthetic femur fractures while performing a bipolar hemiarthroplasty for displaced neck of femur fractures. Our secondary aim is to characterize the types of intraoperative periprosthetic fractures, the steps leading to the fractures, and the salvage treatments instituted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 271 patients treated with bipolar hemiarthroplasty after traumatic displaced femoral neck fractures were retrospectively analyzed...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766678/association-between-bone-mineral-density-and-albuminuria-cross-sectional-analysis-of-data-from-the-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-v-2
#8
Tae Yang Yu, Ha Young Kim, Jeong Mi Lee, Dae Ho Lee, Chung Gu Cho
BACKGROUND: Albuminuria is known to be independently associated with progression of renal and cardiovascular disease. However, little is known regarding the exact relationship between albuminuria and bone mineral density (BMD). The aim of this population-based study conducted in Korea was to identify the association between albuminuria and BMD. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2) 2011...
May 4, 2018: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755151/shape-covariation-or-the-lack-thereof-between-vertebrae-and-other-skeletal-traits-in-felids-the-whole-is-not-always-greater-than-the-sum-of-parts
#9
Marcela Randau, Anjali Goswami
Within carnivorans, cats show comparatively little disparity in overall morphology, with species differing mainly in body size. However, detailed shape analyses of individual osteological structures, such as limbs or skulls, have shown that felids display significant morphological differences that correlate with their observed ecological and behavioural ranges. Recently, these shape analyses have been extended to the felid axial skeleton. Results demonstrate a functionally-partitioned vertebral column, with regions varying greatly in level of correlation between shape and ecology...
2018: Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750126/vitamin-d-intake-among-premenopausal-women-living-in-jeddah-food-sources-and-relationship-to-demographic-factors-and-bone-health
#10
Tahani A Zareef, Robert T Jackson, Abdulkareem A Alkahtani
Background: Saudi women depend on food sources to maintain their serum 25(OH) D concentrations because covering by traditional clothing and time spent indoors limit their sun exposure. Little is known about vitamin D intake and its main food sources in Saudi Arabia. In addition, the association between vitamin D and calcium intake and bone mineral density (BMD) in young women is not well researched. Objectives: To assess the adequacy of vitamin D intake among Saudi women as compared to the estimated average requirements (EARs), to identify dietary vitamin D sources, to examine potential determinants of vitamin D intake, and to assess bone health and the association of calcium and vitamin D intake with BMD...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747269/-effect-of-low-dose-or-standard-dose-conjugated-equine-estrogen-combined-with-different-progesterone-on-bone-density-in-menopause-syndrome-women
#11
H L Zuo, Y Deng, Y F Wang, L L Gao, W Xue, S Y Zhu, X Ma, A J Sun
Objective: To explore the effect of low-dose or standard-dose conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) combined with natural progesterone or dydrogesterone on bone density in menopause syndrome women. Methods: Totally 123 patients with menopause syndrome were recruited and randomly assigned to 3 treatment groups: group A (low-dose CEE+progesterone) , group B (standard-dose CEE+progesterone) , group C (standard-dose CEE+dydrogesterone) . Using continuous sequential regimen, the duration of intervention was 12 cycles...
April 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746363/lower-extremity-fractures-in-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-following-road-traffic-accidents
#12
Shay Tenenbaum, Jason T Bariteau, Ofir Chechik, Adi Givon, Kobi Peleg, Ran Thein
Lower extremity fractures (LEFs) caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs) can result in significant morbidity and account for a substantial part of nonfatal injuries requiring hospitalization. This study investigated the epidemiology of RTA-associated LEFs in the pediatric population. Based on the National Trauma Registry, data of 28,924 RTA hospitalized pediatric patients were reviewed. Data were analyzed according to LEF mechanism of injury, age distribution, fracture types, associated injuries, surgical treatment, and their interrelations...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739257/obtuse-triangle-screw-configuration-for-optimal-internal-fixation-of-femoral-neck-fracture-an-anatomical-analysis
#13
Qiuliang Zhu, Bengong Shi, Bin Xu, Jianfeng Yuan
OBJECTIVES: To identify the optimal screw configuration for internal fixation of femoral neck fractures based on anatomic analysis on radiologic imaging. METHODS: Thirty proximal femurs of 15 adults were constructed by CT. Three femoral neck sections (FNS), the subcapital, medial, and the fundus, were projected on the lateral femoral trochanteric wall. The simulated three screw configurations in the projection of FNS include: two inverted equilateral triangles symmetrized to the axis of the FNS (IET-FNS group) or the coronal axis of the proximal femur (IET-PR group) and an obtuse triangle (OT group)...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735505/osteitis-fibrosa-cystica-masquerading-as-bone-neoplasm
#14
Vishnu Vardhan Garla, Israh Akhtar, Sohail Salim, Angela Subauste
A 50-year-old female patient with no significant medical history presented with left knee pain. Radiographs of the knee showed a circumferential swelling of the distal femur suggestive of neoplasia. Further evaluation revealed multiple lesions in the left iliac bone and proximal femur. Biopsy was suggestive of a reparative granuloma or an aneurysmal bone cyst. Laboratory assessment showed hypercalcaemia and elevated parathyroid hormone consistent with severe primary hyperparathyroidism. Osseous survey was significant for salt and pepper appearance of the skull...
May 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734844/the-effect-of-patient-fracture-and-surgery-on-outcomes-of-high-energy-neck-of-femur-fractures-in-patients-aged-15-50
#15
Wayne Hoskins, Johnny Rayner, Rohan Sheehy, Harry Claireaux, Roger Bingham, Roselyn Santos, Andrew Bucknill, Xavier L Griffin
INTRODUCTION: High-energy femoral neck fractures in young patients can be devastating, with the risk of osteonecrosis, nonunion, malunion and lifelong morbidity. The aim of this study is to define the effects of patient, fracture and surgical factors on the outcome of high-energy femoral neck fractures in patients aged from 15 to 50 years. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of high-energy femoral neck fractures in patients aged 15-50 managed surgically at a Level 1 Trauma Centre, using a prospectively recorded trauma database...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734830/impact-of-postoperative-haemoglobin-on-length-of-stay-post-fractured-hip-repair-in-patients-with-standardised-perioperative-management
#16
Siu-Wai Choi, Frankie K L Leung, Tak-Wing Lau, Gordon T C Wong
INTRODUCTION: Perioperative blood transfusion is not without risk and effort should be made to limit patients' exposure to allogeneic blood. However, there is conflicting data regarding the impact of anaemia on postoperative recovery in patients with repaired hip fractures. It is hypothesised that for a given baseline functional status and fracture type, lower postoperative haemoglobin will increase rehabilitation time and prolong total length of hospital stay. METHODS: This is a retrospective study on data collected prospectively on patients entered into the Clinical Pathway aged >65 years admitted to Queen Mary Hospital (QMH) with a fractured neck of femur during 2011-2013...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734510/association-between-sarcopenia-and-osteoporosis-in-chronic-liver-disease
#17
Manabu Hayashi, Kazumichi Abe, Masashi Fujita, Ken Okai, Atsushi Takahashi, Hiromasa Ohira
AIM: Sarcopenia and osteoporosis are important complications in chronic liver disease (CLD). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between sarcopenia and osteoporosis in patients with CLD. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the relationship between sarcopenia and osteoporosis in 112 CLD patients (57 males and 55 females), including 40 cirrhotic patients (36%), by measuring the appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI) using bio-impedance analysis...
May 7, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727232/improving-consent-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-fractured-neck-of-femur
#18
Gajendiran Thiruchandran, Andrew R McKean, Branavan Rudran, Mohamed A Imam, Keefai Yeong, Abdel Hassan
Background Neck of femur fractures and their subsequent operative fixation are associated with high rates of perioperative morbidity and mortality. Consenting in this setting is suboptimal with the Montgomery court ruling changing the perspective of consent. This quality improvement project assessed the adequacy of consenting against British Orthopaedic Association-endorsed guidance and implemented a series of changes to improve the documentation of risks associated with surgery for fractured neck of femur...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725835/critical-differences-between-subtrochanteric-and-diaphyseal-atypical-femoral-fractures-analyses-of-51-cases-at-a-single-institution-in-korean-population
#19
Yoon-Je Cho, Kyung-Chung Kang, Young-Soo Chun, Kee Hyung Rhyu, Sang-Jun Kim, Tae-Su Jang
There still remains controversy on the pathomechanism of atypical femoral fracture (AFF). The angle of lateral bowing and bone mineral density showed significant differences between subtrochanteric and diaphyseal atypical fracture groups. In addition to the use of bisphosphonate, mechanical factors might play important roles in the occurrence of AFFs. INTRODUCTION: Although AFF could be divided into subtrochanteric and diaphyseal fracture according to the location of fractures, there is a lack of evidence regarding differences between two fractures and etiology of the occurrence...
May 3, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725283/isoflavones-calcium-vitamin-d-and-inulin-improve-quality-of-life-sexual-function-body-composition-and-metabolic-parameters-in-menopausal-women-result-from-a-prospective-randomized-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-study
#20
Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Salvatore Caruso, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Stefano Cianci, Antonio Cianci
Introduction: Menopause results in metabolic changes that contribute to increase risk of cardiovascular diseases: increase in low density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides and decrease in high density lipoprotein (HDL), weight gain are associated with a correspondent increase in incidence of hypertension and diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a preparation of isoflavones, calcium vitamin D and inulin in menopausal women. Material and methods: We performed a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study...
March 2018: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
keyword
keyword
56970
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"