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Systematic review seizure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787922/the-association-of-panic-and-hyperventilation-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Alaric M Indranada, Saul A Mullen, Roderick Duncan, David J Berlowitz, Richard A A Kanaan
INTRODUCTION: Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures (PNES) are events that appear epileptic but are instead thought to have a psychological origin. Increased rates of several psychiatric disorders have been reported in PNES, including anxiety and panic disorders. Some theories suggest panic and/or hyperventilation have aetiological roles in PNES, though these remain unproven. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of associations of panic and hyperventilation with PNES using Ovid Medline and PubMed, and a meta-analysis where appropriate...
May 19, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784458/efficacy-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-the-adjunctive-treatment-of-refractory-partial-onset-seizures-meta-analysis-of-pivotal-trials
#2
Jeremy Slater, Steve Chung, Lynn Huynh, Mei Sheng Duh, Brian Gorin, Carolyn McMicken, Adam Ziemann, Jouko Isojarvi
OBJECTIVE: In the absence of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) assessing the relative efficacy of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), meta-analyses are useful resources for informing treatment choices. This meta-analysis assesses the relative efficacy and tolerability of AEDs for adjunctive treatment of refractory partial onset seizures (POS). METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify pivotal AED trials serving as the basis for US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval...
July 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782356/acute-neurologic-complications-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-systematic-review
#3
Raoul Sutter, Kai Tisljar, Stephan Marsch
OBJECTIVES: We determine the frequency, risk factors, and mortality of neurologic complications in adults on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and propose an algorithm for preventive strategies. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases. STUDY SELECTION: Screening was performed using predefined search terms to identify cohort studies reporting neurologic complications in adults during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation from 1990 to 2017...
May 18, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776679/the-probability-that-catatonia-in-the-hospital-has-a-medical-cause-and-the-relative-proportions-of-its-causes-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Mark A Oldham
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to determine the probability that catatonia in the hospital has a secondary cause ("medical catatonia") and to calculate the relative proportions of these causes stratified by hospital setting. METHODS: PRISMA systematic review of PubMed. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included. Hospital-wide, 20% of catatonia was medical. In acute medical and surgical settings, medical catatonia comprised more than half of cases...
April 9, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769251/systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-resective-surgery-for-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#5
Puneet Jain, George Tomlinson, Carter Snead, Beate Sander, Elysa Widjaja
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) versus selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH) on seizure-free outcome in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, using both direct and indirect evidence from the literature. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane databases were searched for original research articles and systematic reviews comparing ATL versus SAH, and ATL or SAH versus medical management (MM). The outcome was seizure freedom at 12 months of follow-up or longer...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757951/caffeine-related-deaths-manner-of-deaths-and-categories-at-risk
#6
REVIEW
Simone Cappelletti, Daria Piacentino, Vittorio Fineschi, Paola Frati, Luigi Cipolloni, Mariarosaria Aromatario
Caffeine is the most widely consumed psychoactive compound worldwide. It is mostly found in coffee, tea, energizing drinks and in some drugs. However, it has become really easy to obtain pure caffeine (powder or tablets) on the Internet markets. Mechanisms of action are dose-dependent. Serious toxicities such as seizure and cardiac arrhythmias, seen with caffeine plasma concentrations of 15 mg/L or higher, have caused poisoning or, rarely, death; otherwise concentrations of 3⁻6 mg/kg are considered safe. Caffeine concentrations of 80⁻100 mg/L are considered lethal...
May 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754014/efficacy-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-autoimmune-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Pablo Cabezudo-García, Natalia Mena-Vázquez, Macarena Villagrán-García, Pedro J Serrano-Castro
OBJECTIVE: Review the evidence of the efficacy of AEDs (antiepileptic drugs) in autoimmune epilepsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Literature research on Medline and Embase was carried out through January 2018. We included MeSH terms, free text and terms related to "autoimmune epilepsy", "autoimmune encephalitis", "limbic encephalitis", "autoimmune seizures", "antiepileptic drug", "seizure treatment", and "epilepsy treatment"...
May 7, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750340/health-care-practitioners-perceptions-of-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-and-quantitative-studies
#8
Gregg H Rawlings, Markus Reuber
A recent systematic synthesis of qualitative research demonstrated that patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) often experience unsatisfactory encounters with health care practitioners (HCPs). It is important to understand such interactions from the perspective of those responsible for delivering care. This systematic review aimed to examine the attitudes and perceptions of HCPs toward PNES. A systematic search of 3 databases (Web of Science, PubMed, and CINAHL) was conducted in November 2017...
May 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744790/comparative-efficacy-of-antiepileptic-drugs-for-patients-with-generalized-epileptic-seizures-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analyses
#9
Marília Silveira de Almeida Campos, Lorena Rocha Ayres, Manuela Roque Siane Morelo, Fabiana Angelo Marques Carizio, Leonardo Régis Leira Pereira
Background Valproate is a widely prescribed antiepileptic drug for generalized epilepsies, due to the extensive knowledge on its efficacy since it is on the market for many decades. However, a large number of new antiepileptic medicines was introduced into clinical practice and may be better options for treatment, considering that these medicines differ in terms of efficacy spectrum. Despite extensive research, questions regarding which medicine would constitute the first option for the monotherapy treatment of generalized epilepsy remain...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727742/cytokine-levels-in-febrile-seizure-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Aram Kwon, Byung Ok Kwak, Kyungmin Kim, Jongseok Ha, Soo-Jin Kim, Sun Hwan Bae, Jae Sung Son, Soo-Nyung Kim, Ran Lee
PURPOSE: Febrile seizures (FSs) are the most common form of childhood seizures. During infection, both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines are produced. Complex interactions among immune-inflammatory process, cytokine activation, and genetic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of FSs. The association between cytokines and FSs during childhood is inconclusive due to inconsistent results reported in different studies. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine an association between cytokines and FS in children...
April 27, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727741/seizures-at-presentation-are-correlated-with-better-survival-outcomes-in-adult-diffuse-glioma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Xing Fan, Yucai Li, Xia Shan, Gan You, Zhifeng Wu, Zhibao Li, Hui Qiao, Tao Jiang
PURPOSE: Seizures are the most common presenting sign of patients with diffuse glioma. In the current study, we performed a meta-analysis to determine the correlation of seizures at presentation to survival outcomes in adult diffuse glioma, and the possible mechanisms were also discussed. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PUBMED, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to estimate effects...
April 25, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721237/association-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-and-epileptic-seizure-in-epileptic-patients-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Makan Pourmasoumi, Nooshin Vosoughi, Seyedeh-Masoumeh Derakhshandeh-Rishehri, Mostafa Assarroudi, Motahar Heidari-Beni
The evidence on the association between omega-3 consumption and epileptic seizure is inconsistent. Therefore, we have conducted this systematic review to clarify the possible relationship. Original articles were searched in electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane, and Ovid) and by reviewing the reference lists of retrieved articles. The main evaluated outcome was the epileptic seizures. We included the English language studies that reported the original data on the effect of omega-3 on epileptic human patients...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720158/a-systematic-review-comparing-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-term-infants-with-hypoxic-and-vascular-brain-injury-with-and-without-seizures
#13
T R De Haan, J Langeslag, J H van der Lee, A H van Kaam
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that neonatal seizures in term neonates with stroke, asphyxia or brain haemorrhage might be associated with adverse neurodevelopment and development of epilepsy. The extent of this association is not known. The objective of this study was to assess the possible impact of neonatal seizures on these outcomes and if possible calculate a relative risk. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed (study period January 2000-June 2015)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719671/delineation-of-the-genetic-and-clinical-spectrum-of-phelan-mcdermid-syndrome-caused-by-shank3-point-mutations
#14
Silvia De Rubeis, Paige M Siper, Allison Durkin, Jordana Weissman, François Muratet, Danielle Halpern, Maria Del Pilar Trelles, Yitzchak Frank, Reymundo Lozano, A Ting Wang, J Lloyd Holder, Catalina Betancur, Joseph D Buxbaum, Alexander Kolevzon
Background: Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by psychiatric and neurological features. Most reported cases are caused by 22q13.3 deletions, leading to SHANK3 haploinsufficiency, but also usually encompassing many other genes. While the number of point mutations identified in SHANK3 has increased in recent years due to large-scale sequencing studies, systematic studies describing the phenotype of individuals harboring such mutations are lacking...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718830/systematic-review-of-bilateral-independent-periodic-discharges-written-for-topical-journal-subject-on-periodic-discharges
#15
Brin Freund, Peter W Kaplan
Periodic discharges (PDs) are EEG patterns that may have important clinical and prognostic implications. There are different subtypes of PDs that are delineated by their location, and each type may have different meaning regarding prognosis and clinical associations. Bilateral independent PDs are a subtype that have not been analyzed recently and remain poorly understood. In this article, we systematically review the literature to better describe bilateral independent PDs regarding underlying neuropathology, neuroimaging, and neuroexamination correlates, seizure incidence, EEG characteristics, their comparison with other PD subtypes, and prognostic meaning...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705433/outcomes-of-deviation-from-treatment-guidelines-in-status-epilepticus-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Preena Uppal, Michael Cardamone, John A Lawson
OBJECTIVE: Due to a gap between published clinical guidelines on status epilepticus SE and clinician management of SE, a systematic review was performed to investigate treatment adherence to SE guidelines and its impact on patient outcomes. METHODS: Medline and Embase searches were conducted for studies appraising adherence to SE guidelines (from 1970 and 1st April 2018). The quality of eligible studies was assessed by QUADAS- 2 criteria. Comparison was made between patients where guidelines were followed and not followed...
April 16, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688078/a-systemic-review-of-levetiracetam-versus-phenytoin-in-the-prevention-of-late-post-traumatic-seizures-and-survey-of-uk-neurosurgical-prescribing-practice-of-antiepileptic-medication-in-acute-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Ahmed Bakr, Antonio Belli
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend 1 week of prophylactic phenytoin for post-traumatic seizures (PTS). Levetiracetam is gaining popularity as an alternative with a superior side-effect profile and may be suitable for extended use. We performed a systematic review comparing the efficacy of levetiracetam and phenytoin in reducing the incidence of late PTS. The secondary objectives were to compare their effects on the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS-E) and length of stay. We also aimed to survey current prophylaxis prescribing practices...
April 24, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687590/a-systematic-review-of-risk-of-hiv-transmission-through-biting-or-spitting-implications-for-policy
#18
F V Cresswell, J Ellis, J Hartley, C A Sabin, C Orkin, D R Churchill
OBJECTIVES: The perceived threat of HIV transmission through spitting and biting is evidenced by the increasing use of "spit hoods" by Police Forces in the UK. In addition, a draft parliamentary bill has called for increased penalties for assaults on emergency workers, citing the risk of communicable disease transmission as one justification. We aimed to review literature relating to the risk of HIV transmission through biting or spitting. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using Medline, Embase and Northern Lights databases and conference websites using search terms relating to HIV, AIDS, bite, spit and saliva...
April 23, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661036/when-migraine-mimics-stroke-a-systematic-review
#19
Alberto Terrin, Giulia Toldo, Mario Ermani, Federico Mainardi, Ferdinando Maggioni
Background Migraine with aura may mimic an acute ischemic stroke, so that an improper administration of thrombolytic treatment can expose migrainous patients to severe adverse effects. Methods This systematic review quantifies the relevance of migraine with aura among stroke mimics, checking for thrombolysis' safety in these patients. We reviewed the literature after 1995, distinguishing from studies dealing with stroke mimics treated with systemic thrombolysis and those who were not treated with systemic thrombolysis...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657841/locked-posterior-dislocation-of-the-shoulder-a-systematic-review
#20
Ozgur Basal, Recep Dincer, Bulent Turk
Locked posterior dislocation of the shoulder is very rare. Seizures and trauma are the most common causes of this injury.There is no current benchmark treatment strategy for these rare cases.This study has shown that reconstruction of the shoulder joint in an anatomical way in acute and chronic cases up to 16 weeks provides good results.The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of different treatment procedures with outcomes and to compare the results of the same procedures in acute and chronic cases...
January 2018: EFORT Open Reviews
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