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Systematic review seizure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313968/cochrane-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-impact-of-psychological-treatments-for-people-with-epilepsy-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
REVIEW
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Janelle L Wagner, Avani C Modi, W Curt LaFrance, Laura H Goldstein, Tobias Lundgren, Markus Reuber
OBJECTIVE: Given the significant impact epilepsy can have on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of individuals with this condition and their families, there is great clinical interest in evidence-based psychological treatments aimed at enhancing well-being in people with epilepsy (PWE). An evaluation of the current evidence is needed to assess the effects of psychological treatments for PWE on HRQoL outcomes to inform future therapeutic recommendations and research designs. METHODS: The operational definition of psychological treatments included a broad range of interventions that use psychological or behavioral techniques designed to improve HRQoL, psychiatric comorbidities, and seizure frequency and severity for adults and children with epilepsy...
January 3, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306976/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-anterior-nucleus-of-the-thalamus-for-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#2
REVIEW
Tim A M Bouwens van der Vlis, Olaf E M G Schijns, Frédéric L W V J Schaper, Govert Hoogland, Pieter Kubben, Louis Wagner, Rob Rouhl, Yasin Temel, Linda Ackermans
Despite the use of first-choice anti-epileptic drugs and satisfactory seizure outcome rates after resective epilepsy surgery, a considerable percentage of patients do not become seizure free. ANT-DBS may provide for an alternative treatment option in these patients. This literature review discusses the rationale, mechanism of action, clinical efficacy, safety, and tolerability of ANT-DBS in drug-resistant epilepsy patients. A review using systematic methods of the available literature was performed using relevant databases including Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library pertaining to the different aspects ANT-DBS...
January 6, 2018: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288860/association-between-idh1-2-mutation-and-preoperative-seizures-in-patients-with-low-grade-versus-high-grade-glioma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Kevin Phan, Wyatt Ng, Victor M Lu, Kerrie L McDonald, Jacob Fairhall, Rajesh Reddy, Peter Wilson
BACKGROUND: Seizures are a common presentation of brain tumors particularly in gliomas. Higher incidences of seizure have been reported in low-grade glioma and tumors located within the temporal and insular area. The association between IDH1/2 mutations with preoperative seizures in glioma and the magnitude of this association in low versus high-grade gliomas remains unclear. To clarify this relationship, a systematic review and meta-analysis was performed. METHOD: Following the PRISMA guidelines and systematic review recommendations, electronic searches were performed on varies journal database and included literature up to May 2017...
December 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288520/a-critical-appraisal-of-randomized-controlled-trials-on-intravenous-phenytoin-in-convulsive-status-epilepticus
#4
Francesco Brigo, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Simona Lattanzi, Raffaele Nardone, Eugen Trinka
OBJECTIVE: Since the 1970s, intravenous (IV) phenytoin (PHT) has been traditionally used as second-stage treatment for convulsive status epilepticus (SE) after failure of benzodiazepines. The aim of this review was to critically assess the evidence supporting the use of IV PHT as treatment of convulsive SE in patients of any age. In particular, we critically appraised the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating IV PHT as treatment of convulsive SE. METHODS: Systematic search of the literature to identify RCTs evaluating IV PHT as treatment of convulsive SE in patients of any age...
December 30, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285947/eslicarbazepine-acetate-in-epilepsies-with-focal-and-secondary-generalised-seizures-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#5
Laurent M Willems, Johann Philipp Zöllner, Esther Paule, Susanne Schubert-Bast, Felix Rosenow, Adam Strzelczyk
Eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) is a third-generation antiepileptic drug (AED) approved for adjunctive treatment in adults, children, and adolescents with focal-onset seizures. Recently ESL was approved for initial monotherapy in adults. The intention of this article is to review current evidence for ESL and to summarise its pharmacological profile in comparison to other AEDs of the dibenzazepine group. Areas covered: We performed a systematic literature search in electronic databases (MEDLINE database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Excerpta Medica dataBASE) using a combined search strategy including the following keywords: eslicarbazepine, epilepsy and seizure...
December 29, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280684/sport-related-concussive-convulsions-a-systematic-review
#6
Nicholas O Kuhl, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Hannah Burnette, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of sport-related concussion (SRC) continues to rise. Presentations of concussed athletes vary from subtle symptoms to notable signs. Between the 4th and 5th iterations of the Concussion in Sport Group (CISG) guidelines, concussive convulsions were removed as a modifying factor, but little evidence or discussion supported this change. While considerable research exists regarding post-traumatic epilepsy in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury, convulsions following SRC are relatively understudied...
December 27, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277461/intra-cranial-granulomatous-disease-in-common-variable-immunodeficiency-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Catherine E Najem, Jason Springer, Richard Prayson, Daniel A Culver, James Fernandez, Jinny Tavee, Rula A Hajj-Ali
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is typically characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and often but not always recurrent infections. Paradoxically, 8-22% of patients with CVID develop granulomatous disease. Granulomata have been described in many organs including the lungs, skin, liver, spleen, kidneys, eyes, lymph nodes, and intestines. Data about central nervous system (CNS) involvement in CVID are extremely rare. We aim to describe a case series and include an extensive literature review of CNS involvement in CVID to understand the different features and patterns of the disease...
October 20, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232031/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-reported-adverse-events-of-long-term-intranasal-oxytocin-treatment-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Qizheng Cai, Lei Feng, Kai Zhen Yap
Recent studies suggested oxytocin as a possible drug to treat social deficits caused by Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), but the safety of intranasal oxytocin in autistic patients is not established. The aim of this review was to characterise the side effect profile of long-term intranasal oxytocin in treatment of ASD compared to placebo. All randomised controlled trials of intranasal oxytocin in the treatment of ASD published before 1 January 2017 that reported safety data were identified from databases including Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and International Pharmaceutical Abstract...
December 12, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220742/meta-analyses-of-newer-antiepileptic-drugs-as-adjunct-for-treatment-of-focal-epilepsy-in-children
#9
Nurul-Ain Mohd-Tahir, Shu-Chuen Li
AIM: This study conducted a systematic review evaluating the effectiveness of newer antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) (namely, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, topiramate, vigabatrin, zonisamide, oxcarbazepine, perampanel, gabapentin, and stiripentol) as add-on for treatment of focal epilepsy in children. METHODS: Articles were retrieved from EMBASE, Medline and Cochrane Library from inception to January 2016. Treatment outcomes were analysed based on responder, seizure-free, withdrawal and adverse event rates...
November 22, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210534/antiepileptic-drugs-for-the-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-seizures-in-viral-encephalitis
#10
Kate Rowan-Robinson
The mission of the Cochrane Nursing Care Field (CNCF) is to improve health outcomes through increasing the use of the Cochrane Library and supporting Cochrane's role by providing an evidence base for nurses and healthcare professionals who deliver, lead or research nursing care. The CNCF produces Cochrane Corner columns, summaries of recent nursing-care-relevant Cochrane Reviews that are regularly published in collaborating nursing-related journals. Information on the processes CNCF has developed can be accessed at: cncf...
December 6, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202377/quantifying-the-prognostic-significance-in-glioblastoma-of-seizure-history-at-initial-presentation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Victor M Lu, Toni R Jue, Kevin Phan, Kerrie L McDonald
The role of prognostic factors in the management of glioblastoma (GBM) is very important given the stasis in improving its clinical outcomes. Patients who initially present with a positive seizure history at diagnosis have anecdotally experienced superior survival outcomes. The aim of this review was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantify the potential prognostic significance of positive seizure history in GBM patients. A search strategy was performed using the PRISMA guidelines for article identification, screening, eligibility and inclusion...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189334/considerations-in-the-care-of-athletes-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
George G A Pujalte, Jennifer R Maynard, McKennan J Thurston, Walter C Taylor, Mohit Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Uncover literature pertaining to: (1) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and how it impacts athletes; (2) ADHD medication effects; (3) regulations regarding ADHD medications; (4) approaches to conditions similar to, and occurring with, ADHD; and (5) use of stimulants. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Ovid interface. MAIN RESULTS: ADHD can have many effects on athletes and sports participation...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179233/a-systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-of-levetiracetam-in-neonatal-seizures
#13
Daryl C McHugh, Shannon Lancaster, Louis N Manganas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174496/is-it-safe-for-people-with-epilepsy-to-donate-blood-a-systematic-review
#14
Alyssa Kellens, Emmy De Buck, Marie-Paule Emonds, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Lieven Lagae
OBJECTIVE: In many countries people with epilepsy are temporarily or permanently excluded from blood donation. This exclusion is based on the assumption that they are more likely to experience adverse donor reactions such as epileptic seizures, and not on scientific evidence. A systematic review was therefore performed to critically examine the evidence with regard to adverse effects of blood donation on epilepsy patients. METHODS: Five databases (MEDLINE, Embase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science and CINAHL) were searched for studies from the date of inception until December 2014...
November 23, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172828/influence-of-adjunctive-lacosamide-in-patients-with-seizures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Hongju Liu, Xiaoli Xu
INTRODUCTION: Adjunctive lacosamide treatment might be promising to treat seizures. However, the results remained controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of adjunctive lacosamide versus placebo in patients with seizures. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of adjunctive lacosamide versus placebo on seizures were included...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157096/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-the-mozart-effect-on-childhood-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#16
Dana E Brackney, Jessica L Brooks
This systematic review examines the effectiveness of Mozart's music in decreasing seizures in children with epilepsy (Mozart Effect) using the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice rating scale(©). A search for articles with "Mozart Effect," "child*," and "epilepsy" was conducted in CINAHL Complete, Science Direct, Cochrane, and PubMed databases. Eight studies were selected based on the exclusion and inclusion criteria after removal of duplicates ( n = 17) and others ( n = 46). Studies included were English language, peer reviewed, published between April 2010 and February 2017, and available in full text with an abstract...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141323/-a-systematic-review-of-seizure-risk-and-efficacy-of-methylphenida-tetreatment-on-epilepsy-combined-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
C Yang, H Z Zhou, S H Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137682/cefepime-induced-neurotoxicity-a-systematic-review
#18
Lauren E Payne, David J Gagnon, Richard R Riker, David B Seder, Elizabeth K Glisic, Jane G Morris, Gilles L Fraser
BACKGROUND: Cefepime is a widely used antibiotic with neurotoxicity attributed to its ability to cross the blood-brain barrier and exhibit concentration-dependent ϒ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) antagonism. Neurotoxic symptoms include depressed consciousness, encephalopathy, aphasia, myoclonus, seizures, and coma. Data suggest that up to 15% of ICU patients treated with cefepime may experience these adverse effects. Risk factors include renal dysfunction, excessive dosing, preexisting brain injury, and elevated serum cefepime concentrations...
November 14, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134927/cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-associated-with-inflammation-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-and-imaging-features-and-outcome
#19
Andrej Corovic, Siobhan Kelly, Hugh S Markus
Background Cerebral amyloid angiopathy associated with inflammation is an increasingly recognized condition, characterized by an inflammatory response to the vascular deposits of β-amyloid within the brain that are the hallmark of cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Two main patterns of this inflammatory response have been identified to date: one involving a perivascular inflammatory cell infiltrate (cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation); the other a transmural vasculitic process (A-beta related angiitis)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119560/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Lauren Strasser, Michelle Downes, Jane Kung, J Helen Cross, Michelle De Haan
AIM: To assess the prevalence and risk factors for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in epilepsy, and to better understand the relationship and comorbidity between these disorders. METHOD: PsychINFO and PubMed were searched for articles published in the past 15 years that examined the prevalence of ASD in individuals with epilepsy. RESULTS: A total of 19 studies were found with a pooled ASD prevalence of 6.3% in epilepsy. When divided by type, the risks of ASD for general epilepsy, infantile spasms, focal seizures, and Dravet syndrome were 4...
November 9, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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