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Metaanalysis epilepsy

Caroline K Mbuba, Anthony K Ngugi, Charles R Newton, Julie A Carter
In many developing countries, people with epilepsy do not receive appropriate treatment for their condition, a phenomenon called the treatment gap (TG). We carried out a systematic review to investigate the magnitude, causes, and intervention strategies to improve outcomes in developing countries. We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases, supplemented by a hand search of references in the key papers. The degree of heterogeneity and a pooled TG estimate were determined using metaanalysis techniques...
September 2008: Epilepsia
Anna G E M de Boer, Jozef H A M Verbeek, Franciscus J H van Dijk
A range of late effects is associated with the survival of childhood cancer, including problems with employment. The purpose of this metaanalysis was to assess the risk of unemployment of adult survivors of childhood cancer compared with healthy controls and to explore prognostic factors. A literature search of studies published between 1966 and January 2006 was conducted using the databases of MedLine, CINAHL, EMBASE, ClinPSYCH, PsycINFO, and OSHROM. The authors synthesized data using a random effects model...
July 1, 2006: Cancer
T Svendsen, S I Johannessen, K O Nakken
BACKGROUND: Topiramate is a novel antiepileptic drug that was licensed in Norway in 1997 as adjunctive treatment for patients with partial seizures. Metaanalysis of randomized controlled studies suggest that topiramate may be the most potent of the new antiepileptic drugs and have a favourable pharmacokinetic profile. At the National Center for Epilepsy we have used topiramate since 1990. We present our clinical experience with the drug. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have, retrospectively, assessed 114 adult patients, mainly with intractable partial seizures, who received topiramate as add-on treatment...
May 20, 2000: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
B Pohlmann-Eden, A Schreiner, A Mika
Actual epidemiological studies show a prevalence rate for active epilepsy in 0.5-1%, whereas single seizures occur in up to 5% of the general population. Assessment of the significance of first epileptic reaction requires precise definition and classification of the episode, a careful analysis of the entire context including thorough case history, and indirect anamnesis. The value of EEG-techniques for this issue is part of a controversial discussion. By means of cranial computerized tomography (cCT), brain tumours were detected as structural correlate in 5 to 16% of first-seizure-patients...
May 1994: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
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