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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716082/efficacy-of-hormonal-and-mental-treatments-with-mmpi-in-ftm-individuals-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-studies
#1
Hiroyuki Oda, Toshihiko Kinoshita
BACKGROUND: Cross-sex hormone treatment (CSHT) is an important option for gender dysphoria (GD) individuals to improve the quality of life. However, in Japan, sex reassignment surgery (SRS) and CSHT for GD had been discontinued until 1998 (over 30 years). After resumption, the number of GD individuals wishing treatment rapidly increased. On the other hand, the number of medical institutions available for evaluation was limited. For this reason, hormonal treatment has been administered to GD individuals requiring the prompt start of CSHT in the absence of mental health assessment by specialists...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685823/current-patterns-of-training-in-personality-assessment-during-internship
#2
James M Stedman, Cindy A McGeary, Joshua Essery
OBJECTIVE: Training in broad-based objective and projective personality assessments has been a mainstay of applied psychology. Stedman (2007) and Piotrowski (2015) have documented a decline in projective training during internship. This study investigated internship directors' current expectations regarding graduate school training with objective and projective instruments, their ratings of the importance of that training, and current training patterns with objective and projective instruments during internship...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661171/utility-of-the-mmpi-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf-in-a-sample-of-lithuanian-male-offenders
#3
Ilona Laurinaitytė, Alfredas Laurinavičius, Laura Ustinavičiūtė, Dustin B Wygant, Martin Sellbom
The aim of the current study was to examine the construct validity of the Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory [MMPI]-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) in a correctional setting. More specifically, we examined the associations between MMPI-2-RF scales with external variables relevant for sentence planning as well as the relationship with risk of reconviction assessed with the Offender Assessment System (OASys; Home Office, 2002). A random sample of 228 male offenders from Lithuanian custodial institutions was selected for the study...
June 29, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647552/clinical-utility-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-in-the-assessment-of-major-depression-after-broad-spectrum-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Jacobus Donders, Adriene Pendery
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) when screening for symptoms of depression following traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data collected as part of routine clinical outpatient care over a period of 30 months. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with mild to severe traumatic brain injury who were referred for neuropsychological evaluation within 1-12 months (N = 137). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639845/between-the-pew-and-the-pulpit-can-personality-measures-help-identify-sexually-abusive-clergy
#5
Aria Amrom, Cynthia Calkins, Jamison Fargo
There has been limited conclusive research examining the personality characteristics of clergy who perpetrate abuse. To address this dearth of research, the current study aimed to develop a personality profile that distinguishes clergy members who sexually abuse children from other clergy. Personality and psychopathology were assessed using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). Data were analyzed from a sample of clergy members, who comprised four comparison groups: clergy members referred to treatment for (a) child sexual abuse, (b) sexual misconduct with adults, (c) general clinical problems, or (d) routine employment evaluations with no previously identified clinical or sexual issues...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627924/clusters-of-financially-incentivized-chronic-pain-patients-using-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf
#6
Luis E Aguerrevere, Matthew R Calamia, Kevin W Greve, Kevin J Bianchini, Kelly L Curtis, Veronica Ramirez
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) has been shown to have clinical utility in the assessment of individuals with chronic pain (e.g., predicting surgical outcomes). The purpose of this study was to explore the ability of the MMPI-2-RF Validity Scales in profiling patients with chronic pain who had external financial incentive (e.g., workers' compensation claims) and determine the associations between Validity Scale response patterns and important outcomes. Cluster analysis identified 2 similarly sized clusters of patients with very different MMPI-2-RF profiles...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627922/inconsistent-responding-on-the-mmpi-2-rf-and-uncooperative-attitude-evidence-from-cognitive-performance-validity-measures
#7
Roger O Gervais, Anthony M Tarescavage, Manfred F Greiffenstein, Dustin B Wygant, Cheryl Deslauriers, Patricia Arends
It is generally well understood that possible reasons for inconsistent responding on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), as measured by the Variable Response Inconsistency (VRIN-r) and True Response Inconsistency (TRIN-r) scales, include reading or language limitations, cognitive impairment, and intentional random responding; however, the interpretive recommendations for the test suggest that higher scores on these scales can also result from an uncooperative test-taking approach...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618858/equivalence-of-laptop-and-tablet-administrations-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form
#8
William H Menton, Adam H Crighton, Anthony M Tarescavage, Ryan J Marek, Adam D Hicks, Yossef S Ben-Porath
The present study investigated the comparability of laptop computer- and tablet-based administration modes for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). Employing a counterbalanced within-subjects design, the MMPI-2-RF was administered via both modes to a sample of college undergraduates ( N = 133). Administration modes were compared in terms of mean scale scores, internal consistency, test-retest consistency, external validity, and administration time. Mean scores were generally similar, and scores produced via both methods appeared approximately equal in terms of internal consistency and test-retest consistency...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617140/introduction-to-the-special-section-linking-the-mmpi-2-rf-to-contemporary-models-of-psychopathology
#9
Martin Sellbom, Paul A Arbisi
This special section considers 9 independent articles that seek to link the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/ 2011 ) to contemporary models of psychopathology. Sellbom ( this issue ) maps the Specific Problems scales onto hierarchical psychopathology structures, whereas Romero, Toorabally, Burchett, Tarescavage, and Glassmire ( this issue ) and Shkalim, Almagor, and Ben-Porath ( this issue ) show evidence of linking the instruments' scales to diagnostic representations of common higher order psychopathology constructs...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613018/a-pilot-study-on-the-chinese-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-in-detecting-feigned-mental-disorders-simulators-classified-by-using-the-structured-interview-of-reported-symptoms
#10
Yi-Ting Chang, Wai-Cheong C Tam, Yung-Jong Shiah, Shih-Kuang Chiang
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is often used in forensic psychological/psychiatric assessment. This was a pilot study on the utility of the Chinese MMPI-2 in detecting feigned mental disorders. The sample consisted of 194 university students who were either simulators (informed or uninformed) or controls. All the participants were administered the Chinese MMPI-2 and the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms-2 (SIRS-2). The results of the SIRS-2 were utilized to classify the participants into the feigning or control groups...
June 14, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601928/association-of-islamic-prayer-with-psychological-stability-in-bosnian-war-veterans
#11
Izet Pajević, Osman Sinanović, Mevludin Hasanović
To compare the outcomes among war veterans who pray/do not pray and who were not suffering mental disorders after the Bosnia-Herzegovina war (1992-95). The sample consists of 100 healthy Bosnian war veterans divided in two equal groups-one, a highly religious group inside which were individuals who perform five obligatory prayers every day, and another group of individuals who do not practice any daily prayer. We used Minnesota Multiphase Personal Inventory (MMPI), Profile Index of Emotions (PIE) and Life Style Questionnaire (LSQ)...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594631/the-role-of-dimensional-personality-psychopathology-in-a-forensic-inpatient-psychiatric-setting
#12
Jaime L Anderson, Mary E Wood, Anthony M Tarescavage, Danielle Burchett, David M Glassmire
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form is a widely used measure of psychopathology and includes the Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) scales, which measure dimensional maladaptive personality traits similar to those in the DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorder (PD) diagnosis. The current study evaluated the role of these dimensional personality psychopathology characteristics in a sample of 1,110 inpatients in a forensic psychiatric setting, where personality psychopathology plays a significant but understudied role...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585455/examination-of-the-modified-somatic-perception-questionnaire-mspq-in-a-large-sample-of-credible-and-noncredible-patients-referred-for-neuropsychological-testing
#13
Mariam Balasanyan, Kyle B Boone, Annette Ermshar, Deborah Miora, Maria Cottingham, Tara L Victor, Elizabeth Ziegler, Michelle A Zeller, Matthew Wright
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated MSPQ sensitivity to noncredible PVT performance in the context of external incentive, and examined MSPQ false positive rates in noncompensation-seeking neuropsychology patients; and investigated effects of ethnicity/culture, gender, and somatoform diagnosis on MSPQ scores, and relationships with PVT and MMPI-2-RF data. METHOD: MSPQ scores were compared in credible (n = 110) and noncredible (n = 153) neuropsychology referrals...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584609/culture-specific-pathogenicity-of-dhat-semen-loss-syndrome-in-an-arab-islamic-society-oman
#14
Aida Saihi MacFarland, Mohammed Al-Maashani, Qassim Al Busaidi, Aziz Al-Naamani, May El-Bouri, Samir Al-Adawi
A number of reports from different parts of the world have challenged the assumption that Dhat syndrome is confined to populations in and around the Indian subcontinent. This single case study reports an Omani with features typical of Dhat syndrome. Psychometric measures showed elevated scores on indices of hypochondriasis, psychasthenia, and gender role development as defined in the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. He rated adequately in measures assessing cognitive and executive functioning. Implementation of cognitive behavioral therapy, concurrent with a successful marriage proposal, resulted in a gradual resolution of the symptoms...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576681/30-day-readmission-following-weight-loss-surgery-can-psychological-factors-predict-nonspecific-indications-for-readmission
#15
Leslie J Heinberg, Ryan Marek, Ivy N Haskins, Emre Bucak, Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Stacy Brethauer
BACKGROUND: Thirty-day readmissions occur in 5% or more of bariatric surgery patients. Some readmissions relate directly to surgical risks, whereas others relate to more nonspecific complaints or nonadherence and may reflect risks outside of the surgical procedure. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether presurgical psychosocial factors are related to readmission. SETTING: Tertiary/quaternary academic referral center. METHODS: Bariatric surgery patients readmitted within 30 days of surgery during 2012-2015 were identified (n = 102)...
April 7, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575766/increased-odds-and-predictive-rates-of-mmpi-2-rf-scale-elevations-in-patients-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-and-observed-sex-differences
#16
Victor A Del Bene, Miguel Arce Rentería, Moshe Maiman, Mitch Slugh, Deana M Gazzola, Siddhartha S Nadkarni, William B Barr
OBJECTIVE: The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) is a self-report instrument, previously shown to differentiate patients with epileptic seizures (ES) and psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). At present, the odds of MMPI-2-RF scale elevations in PNES patients, as well as the diagnostic predictive value of such scale elevations, remain largely unexplored. This can be of clinical utility, particularly when a diagnosis is uncertain. METHOD: After looking at mean group differences, we applied contingency table derived odds ratios to a sample of ES (n=92) and PNES (n=77) patients from a video EEG (vEEG) monitoring unit...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557479/development-and-validation-of-an-overreporting-scale-for-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-pid-5
#17
Martin Sellbom, Sonya Dhillon, R Michael Bagby
Our aim in the current study was to develop a validity scale for the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) to detect noncredible overreported responding. To this end, we used a rare symptoms approach and identified extreme response options on PID-5 items that were infrequently endorsed by students in 3 different university samples (N = 1,370) and in a psychiatric patient sample (N = 194). The resulting 10-item scale (the PID-5-ORS) produced adequate-to-good estimates of internal reliability and was significantly correlated with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructued Form (MMPI-2-RF) overreporting validity scales, providing evidence of concurrent validity...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553748/mini-review-toxic-tendinopathy
#18
Brad Bolon
Toxic tendinopathy is a rare but reproducible complication in humans, given agents of four drug classes: aromatase inhibitors, fluoroquinolone antibiotics, glucocorticoids (long-term regimens), and statins. Toxic tendinopathy in humans has been linked less consistently to treatment with anabolic steroids, antiretroviral agents (mainly protease inhibitors), metalloproteinase inhibitors (MMPI), and isotretinoin. Classic drug-induced tendinopathies appear as "tendinosis" (i.e., progressive tendon degeneration without inflammation), although cases associated with aromatase inhibitors exhibit mainly tenosynovitis...
January 1, 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539077/clinical-utility-of-the-mbias-and-nsi-validity-10-to-detect-symptom-over-reporting-following-mild-tbi-a-multicenter-investigation-with-military-service-members
#19
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Douglas B Cooper, Chad E Grills, Wesley R Cole, Sara M Lippa, Robert L Stegman, Rael T Lange
Self-report measures are commonly relied upon in military healthcare environments to assess service members following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, such instruments are susceptible to over-reporting and rarely include validity scales. This study evaluated the utility of the mild Brain Injury Atypical Symptoms scale (mBIAS) and the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory Validity-10 scale to detect symptom over-reporting. A total of 359 service members with a reported history of mTBI were separated into two symptom reporting groups based on MMPI-2-RF validity scales (i...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507594/pain-threshold-reflects-psychological-traits-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Fumie Kato, Tetsuya Abe, Kenji Kanbara, Ikumi Ban, Tadashi Kiba, Sadanobu Kawashima, Yukie Saka, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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