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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430849/performance-and-symptom-validity-testing-as-a-function-of-medical-board-evaluation-in-u-s-military-service-members-with-a-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Wesley R Cole, Robert L Stegman
Objective: The study was designed to replicate and extend pervious findings demonstrating the high rates of invalid neuropsychological testing in military service members (SMs) with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) assessed in the context of a medical evaluation board (MEB). Method: Two hundred thirty-one active duty SMs (61 of which were undergoing an MEB) underwent neuropsychological assessment. Performance validity (Word Memory Test) and symptom validity (MMPI-2-RF) test data were compared across those evaluated within disability (MEB) and clinical contexts...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425726/comparisons-between-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-adolescent-restructured-form-mmpi-a-rf-and-mmpi-a-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#2
John M Stokes, David L Pogge, Robert P Archer
This study explored the association between the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-Adolescent-Restructured Form (MMPI-A-RF) and the MMPI-Adolescent (MMPI-A) form in a sample of 3,516 adolescents receiving inpatient psychiatric treatment, including 2,798 adolescents meeting validity inclusion cutoffs for both measures. There was 92.5% agreement rate with respect to global identification of cases as valid or invalid and some empirical support for lowering interpretive cutoffs for validity scales on the MMPI-A-RF...
April 20, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418709/psychological-assessment-with-the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-3rd-ed-by-a-f-friedman-p-r-bolinskey-r-w-levak-d-s-nichols
#3
Elizabeth E Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401527/fluid-intelligence-traits-of-personality-and-personality-disorders-in-a-cohort-of-adult-ks-patients-with-the-classic-47-xxy-karyotype
#4
D Liberato, S Granato, D Grimaldi, F M Rossi, N Tahani, D Gianfrilli, A Anzuini, A Lenzi, G Cavaggioni, A F Radicioni
PURPOSE: Klinefelter's syndrome (KS) is associated with specific neurobehavioral features and personality traits. The aim of our study was to investigate fluid intelligence, personality traits and personality disorders (PD) and possible correlations with testosterone in a cohort of adult KS patients. METHODS: We analyzed 58 adult KS patients with the classic 47, XXY karyotype. The Structured Clinical Interview for axis II disorders was used to assess DSM IV personality disorders...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388259/the-utility-of-mmpi-2-rf-scale-scores-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia-and-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Tayla T C Lee, John R Graham, Paul A Arbisi
This study was designed to determine whether scores on selected Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scales could be used to differentiate between individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia (SCZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD). The sample was drawn from 2 psychiatric inpatient hospitals and included data from 199 individuals with SCZ and 808 individuals with MDD. A series of multivariate analyses of variance, analyses of variance, and odds ratios were calculated to determine which MMPI-2-RF scales provide the best differentiation between individuals presenting with these 2 disorders...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368171/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-markers-of-future-suicidal-behavior-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-hospital
#6
Anthony M Tarescavage, David M Glassmire, Danielle Burchett
Past research indicates a need to integrate objective psychological testing with clinical interview data during suicide risk assessment. The current study evaluated the utility of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in the prediction of future suicidal behaviors in a sample of 1,110 forensic inpatients (807 males, 303 females). Results indicated that scales from all substantive domains of the MMPI-2-RF were significantly positively associated with future suicidal behaviors...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366496/ptsd-in-court-iii-malingering-assessment-and-the-law
#7
REVIEW
Gerald Young
This journal's third article on PTSD in Court focuses especially on the topic's "court" component. It first considers the topic of malingering, including in terms of its definition, certainties, and uncertainties. As with other areas of the study of psychological injury and law, generally, and PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder), specifically, malingering is a contentious area not only definitionally but also empirically, in terms of establishing its base rate in the index populations assessed in the field...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342226/psychopathology-and-personality-traits-associated-with-driving-while-intoxicated-in-beijing-china-implications-for-interventions
#8
Rong-Jiang Zhao, Wei Sun, Li-Li Zhang, Yan-Ping Bao, Liang Huang, Ping Dong, Shuang-Jiang Zhou, Zhi-Qing Wang, Thomas R Kosten, Hong-Qiang Sun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Driving while intoxicated (DWI) represents an area of grave concern in China, yet little research has focused on it or on the personality traits and psychiatric disorders among these drivers. METHODS: We enrolled 325 of 382 residents charged with DWI in a compulsory detention center in Beijing, China. And 351 male drivers who had never had any alcohol arrests as control participants. All were screened for Axis I disorders using the Chinese version of the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV-TR (SCID), the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2), and the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF)...
March 24, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326114/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-characteristics-of-parricide-offenders-with-schizophrenia-in-korea
#9
Sang Yeop Lee, Myung Ho Lim, Jangkyu Lee, Geumsook Shim, Yeon Kim, Jin Ah Do, Soo Jung Lee, Jong Hyuck Choi, Jae Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the personality characteristics in parricide offenders, by using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) test, which is commonly used in clinical medicine. METHODS: A total of 73 parricide offenders with schizophrenia who were admitted to National Forensic Hospital in Gongju city between September 2014 and February 2015, and 104 comparison schizophrenia patients who had been admitted to Dankook University Hospital in Cheonan city the same hospital, completed the Korean version of the MMPI...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317450/personality-traits-are-potentially-associated-with-the-presence-of-chronic-temporomandibular-joint-pain-in-patients-without-effusion-as-determined-by-t-2-weighted-magnetic-resonance
#10
Daniele Manfredini, Silvia Cerea, Chiara Pavan, Luca Guarda-Nardini
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed at investigating personality traits in chronic temporomandibular joints (TMJ) pain patients with and without joint effusion. METHODS: Two groups of chronic TMJ pain patients were recruited. The TMJ pain control group was composed of patients showing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs of TMJ effusion, while the TMJ pain test group included patients with chronic TMJ pain seemingly not justified, due to the absence of MRI-detected disorders...
March 20, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314900/bony-landmark-between-the-attachment-of-the-medial-meniscus-posterior-root-and-the-posterior-cruciate-ligament-ct-and-mr-imaging-assessment
#11
Masataka Fujii, Takayuki Furumatsu, Shinichi Miyazawa, Yuya Kodama, Tomohito Hino, Yusuke Kamatsuki, Toshifumi Ozaki
OBJECTIVES: (1) To reveal the prevalence of the bony recess (posterior dimple) and (2) to determine the position of the posterior dimple on the tibial plateau using three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, a retrospective review of 112 patients was performed to identify the posterior dimple and to evaluate its position on 3DCT. Magnetic resonance images (MRIs) were also used to determine the positional relationship among the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial meniscus posterior insertion (MMPI), and posterior dimple...
March 18, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306347/bayesian-modal-estimation-of-the-four-parameter-item-response-model-in-real-realistic-and-idealized-data-sets
#12
Niels G Waller, Leah Feuerstahler
In this study, we explored item and person parameter recovery of the four-parameter model (4PM) in over 24,000 real, realistic, and idealized data sets. In the first analyses, we fit the 4PM and three alternative models to data from three Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent form factor scales using Bayesian modal estimation (BME). Our results indicated that the 4PM fits these scales better than simpler item Response Theory (IRT) models. Next, using the parameter estimates from these real data analyses, we estimated 4PM item parameters in 6,000 realistic data sets to establish minimum sample size requirements for accurate item and person parameter recovery...
March 17, 2017: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290904/-desadaptive-reaction-and-development-of-arterial-hypertension-in-conditions-of-professional-stress
#13
A V Sorokin, E A Grigoricheva, V V Evdokimov
PURPOSE: to compare prevalence of maladaptive responses and risk of hypertension and cardiovascular remodeling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined using clinical and instrumental methods 1321 workers of locomotive crews; 472 of those examined were followed-up for 12 years. RESULTS: Machinists with maladaptive responses compared with the group of individuals with normal tension of adaptation processes had greater left ventricular myocardial mass and carotid artery intima-media thickness regardless of blood pressure (BP) level...
July 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289449/does-personality-play-a-role-in%C3%A2-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-compliance
#14
REVIEW
Emily L Maschauer, Donna M Fairley, Renata L Riha
KEY POINTS: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence is low among individuals with obstructive sleep apnoea.Type D personality and high scores on the depression and hypochondriasis scales on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) have been identified as factors contributing to non-compliance with CPAP.Further research into personality type may assist in understanding why some people adhere to CPAP, while others fail. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a condition characterised by repetitive, intermittent partial or complete collapse/obstruction of the upper airway during sleep...
March 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286824/the-prevalence-of-personality-disorders-among-emergency-nurses-based-on-mmpi-2-questionnaire-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Parvin Kashani, Sahar Mirbaha, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Farahnaz Meschi, Alireza Baratloo
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of behavioral disorders is substantially higher in stressful working environments such as emergency departments. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of personality disorders among emergency nurses. METHODS: In the present epidemiologic study, the prevalence of personality disorders among emergency nurses of three educational hospitals, Tehran, Iran, were evaluated based on Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) test...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274189/intracerebroventricular-administration-of-the-1%C3%A2-6-%C3%AE-d-glucan-lasiodiplodan-in-male-rats-prevents-d-penicillamine-induced-behavioral-alterations-and-lipoperoxidation-in-the-cortex
#16
Carlos Ricardo Maneck Malfatti, Fabio Seidel Dos Santos, Jéssica Wouk, Luiz Augusto da Silva, Renan Garcia Michel, André Luiz Snak, Tiago Czervinski, Mário A Alves da Cunha, Aneli M Barbosa, Robert F H Dekker
CONTEXT: Lasiodiplodan, an exocellular (1→6)-β-d-glucan of molecular weight >1.4 × 10(6) Da produced by MMPI strain of Lasiodiplodia theobromae (Pat.) Griffon & Maubl. (Brotyosphaeriaceae) is known to exhibit anti-proliferative activity on breast cancer cells (MCF-7), anticoagulant activity when sulfonylated, and reduction in transaminase activity when administered in rats. OBJECTIVE: The effect of intracerebroventricular (I.C.V) injection of lasiodiplodan on neurotoxicity and behavioural changes induced by d-penicillamine was investigated...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264435/proteins-in-soy-might-have-a-higher-role-in-cancer-prevention-than-previously-expected-soybean-protein-fractions-are-more-effective-mmp-9-inhibitors-than-non-protein-fractions-even-in-cooked-seeds
#17
Ana Lima, Jennifer Oliveira, Filipe Saúde, Joana Mota, Ricardo Boavida Ferreira
The search for anticancer MMP-9 inhibitors (MMPIs) in food products has become a major goal for research. MMPIs in soy have been related only to saponins and isoflavones, but recently, low specific protein fractions in soybeans were shown to reduce MMP-9 activity as well. The present work aimed at comparing the MMPI potential of protein fractions (P) and non-protein fractions (NP) isolated from soybean seeds, before and after soaking and cooking, mimicking dietary exposures. Reverse and substrate zymography, as well as a fluoregenic DQ gelatin assay were used to evaluate MMP-9 activities...
February 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237833/stable-psychological-functioning-after-surgery-for-epilepsy-an-informant-based-perspective
#18
Marcie L King, Daniel Tranel
OBJECTIVE: Psychological adjustment following surgery for epilepsy has been assessed primarily with self-report measures. In the current work, we investigated pre- to postoperative changes in various dimensions of personality and behavior from the perspective of a well-known family member or friend for 27 patients operated on for medically intractable epilepsy. METHODS: For each patient, a close family member or friend ("informant") provided pre- and postoperative ratings on five dimensions of personality and behavior...
February 23, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190415/a-potential-role-of-the-5-httlpr-polymorphism-in-self-reported-executive-functioning
#19
Margarita V Alfimova, Vera Golimbet, Tatyana Lezheiko, Galina Korovaitseva
Intense effort is directed toward searching for associations between genes and neuropsychological measures of executive functions. In contrast, the impact of genetic polymorphisms on self-rating of everyday executive functioning has not been investigated so far. This study was designed to test associations of self-reported executive functioning, measured with the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF-A), with dopaminergic and serotoninergic genes in non-clinical population and to assess impact of neuropsychological and personality characteristics on these associations...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165271/examination-of-the-feasibility-and-utility-of-flexible-and-conditional-administration-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form
#20
Anthony M Tarescavage, Yossef S Ben-Porath
Over the past several decades, use of broadband personality assessments has decreased, with some clinicians favoring shorter, symptom-focused measures with a shorter administration time. The purpose of this study is to describe, derive rules for, and evaluate a flexible and conditional administration of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). In this approach, elevated scores on higher level scales are used to trigger administration of lower-level scales within the same assessment domain to minimize administration time...
February 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
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