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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227127/symptom-and-performance-validity-with-veterans-assessed-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#1
Robert D Shura, John H Denning, Holly M Miskey, Jared A Rowland
Little is known about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in veterans. Practice standards recommend the use of both symptom and performance validity measures in any assessment, and there are salient external incentives associated with ADHD evaluation (stimulant medication access and academic accommodations). The purpose of this study was to evaluate symptom and performance validity measures in a clinical sample of veterans presenting for specialty ADHD evaluation. Patients without a history of a neurocognitive disorder and for whom data were available on all measures (n = 114) completed a clinical interview structured on DSM-5 ADHD symptoms, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), and the Test of Memory Malingering Trial 1 (TOMM1) as part of a standardized ADHD diagnostic evaluation...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169252/distinguishing-levels-of-suicide-risk-in-depressed-male-veterans-the-role-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-psychopathology-as-measured-by-the-mmpi-2-rf
#2
Stephanie N Miller, Melanie L Bozzay, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Paul A Arbisi
Suicide occurs at high rates among veterans, underscoring a need for improved identification of veterans at risk of engaging in suicidal behavior. Considering dimensions of psychopathology in the context of an ideation-to-action framework, the present study examined the utility of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form in distinguishing depressed, psychiatrically hospitalized male veterans ( N = 430) at varying levels of suicide risk. Analysis of variance and hierarchical logistic regression analyses indicated that internalizing scales differentiated depressed ideators ( n = 147) and depressed controls ( n = 143); and in line with expectations, both broad and narrowly focused externalizing scales provided incremental validity in distinguishing depressed attempters ( n = 140) from depressed ideators...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111906/types-of-smokers-who-seek-smoking-cessation-treatment-according-to-psychopathology
#3
Úrsula Martínez, Elena Fernández Del Río, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elisardo Becoña
Psychopathology and psychological distress have been shown to be related to poor smoking cessation outcomes and abstinence maintenance. Thus, it is important to identify individuals with high levels of psychopathology before undergoing smoking cessation treatment in order to increase their likelihood of success. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the present study was to analyze whether we could classify smokers by using self-reported measures of psychopathology. In addition, a secondary aim was to examine if there were significant differences among the groups of smokers regarding sociodemographic information, nicotine dependence, and cessation rates at the end of treatment and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072481/classification-accuracy-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-mmpi-2-restructured-form-validity-scales-in-detecting-malingered-pain-related-disability
#4
Kevin J Bianchini, Luis E Aguerrevere, Kelly L Curtis, Tresa M Roebuck-Spencer, F Charles Frey, Kevin W Greve, Matthew Calamia
The symptom reports of individuals with chronic pain are multidimensional (e.g., emotional, cognitive, and somatic) and significantly contribute to increased morbidity and lost work productivity. When pain occurs in the context of a legally compensable event, reliable assessment of a patient's multifactorial symptom experience during psychological or neuropsychological evaluations is a necessity. The Validity Scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) have been shown useful in identifying symptom overreporting and feigning within chronic pain samples and a number of studies have emerged supporting the use of the MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in the detection of simulated or feigned impairment in a variety of populations...
October 26, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994350/the-validity-of-the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-symptom-validity-scale-fbs-fbs-r-is-established-reply-to-nichols-2017
#5
Glenn J Larrabee, Kevin J Bianchini, Kyle B Boone, Martin L Rohling
We reply to Nichols' (2017) critique of our commentary on the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Symptom Validity Scale (FBS/FBS-r) as a measure of symptom exaggeration versus a measure of litigation response syndrome (LRS). Nichols claims that we misrepresented the thrust of the original paper he co-authored with Gass; namely, that they did not represent that the FBS/FBS-r were measures of LRS but rather, intended to convey that the FBS/RBS-r were indeterminate as to whether the scales measured LRS or measured symptom exaggeration...
November 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829224/the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-symptom-validity-scale-fbs-fbs-r-is-not-a-measure-of-litigation-response-syndrome-commentary-on-nichols-and-gass-2015
#6
Glenn J Larrabee, Kevin J Bianchini, Kyle B Boone, Martin L Rohling
OBJECTIVES: To address (1) Whether there is empirical evidence for the contention of Nichols and Gass that the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF FBS/FBS-r Symptom Validity Scale is a measure of Litigation Response Syndrome (LRS), representing a credible set of responses and reactions of claimants to the experience of being in litigation, rather than a measure of non-credible symptom report, as the scale is typically used; and (2) to address their stated concerns about the validity of FBS/FBS-r meta-analytic results, and the risk of false positive elevations in persons with bona-fide medical conditions...
August 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661171/utility-of-the-mmpi-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf-in-a-sample-of-lithuanian-male-offenders
#7
Ilona Laurinaitytė, Alfredas Laurinavičius, Laura Ustinavičiūtė, Dustin B Wygant, Martin Sellbom
The aim of the current study was to examine the construct validity of the Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory [MMPI]-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) in a correctional setting. More specifically, we examined the associations between MMPI-2-RF scales with external variables relevant for sentence planning as well as the relationship with risk of reconviction assessed with the Offender Assessment System (OASys; Home Office, 2002). A random sample of 228 male offenders from Lithuanian custodial institutions was selected for the study...
October 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647552/clinical-utility-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-in-the-assessment-of-major-depression-after-broad-spectrum-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Jacobus Donders, Adriene Pendery
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) when screening for symptoms of depression after traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data collected as part of routine clinical outpatient care over a period of 30 months. SETTING: Regional rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: Persons (N=137) with mild to severe traumatic brain injury who were referred for neuropsychological evaluation within 1 to 12 months...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627924/clusters-of-financially-incentivized-chronic-pain-patients-using-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf
#9
Luis E Aguerrevere, Matthew R Calamia, Kevin W Greve, Kevin J Bianchini, Kelly L Curtis, Veronica Ramirez
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) has been shown to have clinical utility in the assessment of individuals with chronic pain (e.g., predicting surgical outcomes). The purpose of this study was to explore the ability of the MMPI-2-RF Validity Scales in profiling patients with chronic pain who had external financial incentive (e.g., workers' compensation claims) and determine the associations between Validity Scale response patterns and important outcomes. Cluster analysis identified 2 similarly sized clusters of patients with very different MMPI-2-RF profiles...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627922/inconsistent-responding-on-the-mmpi-2-rf-and-uncooperative-attitude-evidence-from-cognitive-performance-validity-measures
#10
Roger O Gervais, Anthony M Tarescavage, Manfred F Greiffenstein, Dustin B Wygant, Cheryl Deslauriers, Patricia Arends
It is generally well understood that possible reasons for inconsistent responding on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), as measured by the Variable Response Inconsistency (VRIN-r) and True Response Inconsistency (TRIN-r) scales, include reading or language limitations, cognitive impairment, and intentional random responding; however, the interpretive recommendations for the test suggest that higher scores on these scales can also result from an uncooperative test-taking approach...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618858/equivalence-of-laptop-and-tablet-administrations-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form
#11
William H Menton, Adam H Crighton, Anthony M Tarescavage, Ryan J Marek, Adam D Hicks, Yossef S Ben-Porath
The present study investigated the comparability of laptop computer- and tablet-based administration modes for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). Employing a counterbalanced within-subjects design, the MMPI-2-RF was administered via both modes to a sample of college undergraduates ( N = 133). Administration modes were compared in terms of mean scale scores, internal consistency, test-retest consistency, external validity, and administration time. Mean scores were generally similar, and scores produced via both methods appeared approximately equal in terms of internal consistency and test-retest consistency...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617140/introduction-to-the-special-section-linking-the-mmpi-2-rf-to-contemporary-models-of-psychopathology
#12
Martin Sellbom, Paul A Arbisi
This special section considers 9 independent articles that seek to link the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/ 2011 ) to contemporary models of psychopathology. Sellbom ( this issue ) maps the Specific Problems scales onto hierarchical psychopathology structures, whereas Romero, Toorabally, Burchett, Tarescavage, and Glassmire ( this issue ) and Shkalim, Almagor, and Ben-Porath ( this issue ) show evidence of linking the instruments' scales to diagnostic representations of common higher order psychopathology constructs...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585455/examination-of-the-modified-somatic-perception-questionnaire-mspq-in-a-large-sample-of-credible-and-noncredible-patients-referred-for-neuropsychological-testing
#13
Mariam Balasanyan, Kyle B Boone, Annette Ermshar, Deborah Miora, Maria Cottingham, Tara L Victor, Elizabeth Ziegler, Michelle A Zeller, Matthew Wright
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated MSPQ sensitivity to noncredible PVT performance in the context of external incentive, and examined MSPQ false positive rates in noncompensation-seeking neuropsychology patients; and investigated effects of ethnicity/culture, gender, and somatoform diagnosis on MSPQ scores, and relationships with PVT and MMPI-2-RF data. METHOD: MSPQ scores were compared in credible (n = 110) and noncredible (n = 153) neuropsychology referrals...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575766/increased-odds-and-predictive-rates-of-mmpi-2-rf-scale-elevations-in-patients-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-and-observed-sex-differences
#14
Victor A Del Bene, Miguel Arce Rentería, Moshe Maiman, Mitch Slugh, Deana M Gazzola, Siddhartha S Nadkarni, William B Barr
OBJECTIVE: The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) is a self-report instrument, previously shown to differentiate patients with epileptic seizures (ES) and psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). At present, the odds of MMPI-2-RF scale elevations in PNES patients, as well as the diagnostic predictive value of such scale elevations, remain largely unexplored. This can be of clinical utility, particularly when a diagnosis is uncertain. METHOD: After looking at mean group differences, we applied contingency table derived odds ratios to a sample of ES (n=92) and PNES (n=77) patients from a video EEG (vEEG) monitoring unit...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557479/development-and-validation-of-an-overreporting-scale-for-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-pid-5
#15
Martin Sellbom, Sonya Dhillon, R Michael Bagby
Our aim in the current study was to develop a validity scale for the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) to detect noncredible overreported responding. To this end, we used a rare symptoms approach and identified extreme response options on PID-5 items that were infrequently endorsed by students in 3 different university samples (N = 1,370) and in a psychiatric patient sample (N = 194). The resulting 10-item scale (the PID-5-ORS) produced adequate-to-good estimates of internal reliability and was significantly correlated with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructued Form (MMPI-2-RF) overreporting validity scales, providing evidence of concurrent validity...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539077/clinical-utility-of-the-mbias-and-nsi-validity-10-to-detect-symptom-over-reporting-following-mild-tbi-a-multicenter-investigation-with-military-service-members
#16
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Douglas B Cooper, Chad E Grills, Wesley R Cole, Sara M Lippa, Robert L Stegman, Rael T Lange
Self-report measures are commonly relied upon in military healthcare environments to assess service members following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, such instruments are susceptible to over-reporting and rarely include validity scales. This study evaluated the utility of the mild Brain Injury Atypical Symptoms scale (mBIAS) and the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory Validity-10 scale to detect symptom over-reporting. A total of 359 service members with a reported history of mTBI were separated into two symptom reporting groups based on MMPI-2-RF validity scales (i...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430849/performance-and-symptom-validity-testing-as-a-function-of-medical-board-evaluation-in-u-s-military-service-members-with-a-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Wesley R Cole, Robert L Stegman
Objective: The study was designed to replicate and extend pervious findings demonstrating the high rates of invalid neuropsychological testing in military service members (SMs) with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) assessed in the context of a medical evaluation board (MEB). Method: Two hundred thirty-one active duty SMs (61 of which were undergoing an MEB) underwent neuropsychological assessment. Performance validity (Word Memory Test) and symptom validity (MMPI-2-RF) test data were compared across those evaluated within disability (MEB) and clinical contexts...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425726/comparisons-between-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-adolescent-restructured-form-mmpi-a-rf-and-mmpi-a-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#18
John M Stokes, David L Pogge, Robert P Archer
This study explored the association between the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-Adolescent-Restructured Form (MMPI-A-RF) and the MMPI-Adolescent (MMPI-A) form in a sample of 3,516 adolescents receiving inpatient psychiatric treatment, including 2,798 adolescents meeting validity inclusion cutoffs for both measures. There was 92.5% agreement rate with respect to global identification of cases as valid or invalid and some empirical support for lowering interpretive cutoffs for validity scales on the MMPI-A-RF...
April 20, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418709/psychological-assessment-with-the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-3rd-ed-by-a-f-friedman-p-k-bolinskey-r-w-levak-d-s-nichols
#19
Elizabeth E Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388259/the-utility-of-mmpi-2-rf-scale-scores-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia-and-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Tayla T C Lee, John R Graham, Paul A Arbisi
This study was designed to determine whether scores on selected Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scales could be used to differentiate between individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia (SCZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD). The sample was drawn from 2 psychiatric inpatient hospitals and included data from 199 individuals with SCZ and 808 individuals with MDD. A series of multivariate analyses of variance, analyses of variance, and odds ratios were calculated to determine which MMPI-2-RF scales provide the best differentiation between individuals presenting with these 2 disorders...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
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