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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902049/a-distinct-configuration-of-mmpi-2-rf-scales-rcd-and-rc9-act-is-associated-with-suicide-attempt-risk-among-suicide-ideators-in-a-psychiatric-outpatient-sample
#1
Ian H Stanley, James R Yancey, Christopher J Patrick, Thomas E Joiner
Suicide is a major public health problem, claiming the lives of more than 40,000 individuals in the United States each year. Efforts are needed to (a) identify those at heightened risk for suicide, utilizing objective assessment methods and (b) determine factors that may be protective against engaging in suicidal behavior, even in the context of the desire to do so. Scales RCd (demoralization) and RC9 (hypomanic activation) of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) may be valuable in this regard...
June 14, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888947/risks-associated-with-overcontrolled-behavior-in-police-officer-recruits
#2
David M Corey, Martin Sellbom, Yossef S Ben-Porath
Potential externalizing tendencies have long been a focus of research in police candidates. Early studies often reported positive correlations between Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) externalizing scales and problem behaviors in law enforcement officers. However, more recent investigations reveal mixed findings, with some showing either no significant correlations between externalizing measures and police performance problems or negative associations. In the current study, we examined associations between MMPI-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) externalizing scale scores and personal history information (biodata) in a large sample (n = 1,226) of police officer candidates and observed expected positive correlations between them...
June 11, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865932/detection-of-symptom-over-reporting-on-the-neurobehavioral-symptom-inventory-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-with-history-of-mild-tbi
#3
Anjuli S Bodapati, Hannah L Combs, Nicholas J Pastorek, Brian Miller, Maya Troyanskaya, Jennifer Romesser, Anita Sim, John Linck
OBJECTIVE: As part of routine care at Veterans Affairs facilities, veterans with a service-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) are administered a self-report post-concussive symptom measure, the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI). Interpreting the NSI can be problematic given that over-reporting on self-report measures is often found in both civilian and military patient populations. This study investigates embedded scales on the NSI that identify possible and probable symptom exaggeration...
June 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850866/the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-rf-in-treatment-seeking-veterans-with-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
S M Jurick, L D Crocker, A V Keller, S N Hoffman, J Bomyea, M W Jacobson, A J Jak
Objective: This study examined the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Second Edition-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) to better understand symptom presentation in a sample of treatment-seeking Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans with self-reported history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Method: Participants underwent a comprehensive clinical neuropsychological battery including performance and symptom validity measures and self-report measures of depressive, posttraumatic, and post-concussive symptomatology...
May 30, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792532/the-moderating-influence-of-disorder-on-coached-overreporting-using-the-mmpi-2-rf
#5
Ariane M Olsen, Carlo O C Veltri
Overreporting has always been a concern within psychological evaluations. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011 ) contains validity scales designed for detecting noncredible responses. In this study, 270 undergraduates were instructed to feign either schizophrenia, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD); some participants were coached on symptoms and validity scales. Results at both the individual protocol and mean validity scale score levels suggest that each feigned disorder moderates the effectiveness of coaching on validity scale detection...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787298/uses-and-misuses-of-ted-kaczynski-s-mmpi
#6
Yossef S Ben-Porath
Although case studies can be a helpful didactic aid when teaching personality assessment and illustrating use of a test, they can, of course, not be used as "evidence" that a test "works" or does not work. This article, however, reviews and discusses the far more problematic uses instantiated in a case study of Ted Kaczynski's Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). A series of errors of omission and commission are identified in Butcher, Hass, Greene, and Nelson's ( 2015 ) effort to criticize the MMPI-2-RF...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672106/mmpi-2-rf-characteristics-of-veterans-seeking-treatment-for-military-sexual-trauma
#7
Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Military sexual trauma (MST) is defined as experiences of sexual assault or repeated, threatening, harassment during military service. MST events may not qualify within posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Criterion A, making symptoms associated with MST unique from trauma-related disorders. Little research has been done to understand those presenting for MST treatment. Thus, this article provides Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scores of 33 U.S. veterans who experienced MST in an effort to better understand psychological and personality characteristics of this important and unique group of veterans...
April 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450796/prospective-comparison-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-mmpi-2-and-mmpi-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf-in-predicting-treatment-outcomes-among-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#8
Anthony M Tarescavage, Judith Scheman, Yossef S Ben-Porath
The purpose of the current study was to examine the relative utility of the most updated MMPI adult instrument, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), which was designed to address psychometric limitations of the MMPI-2. To this end, we compared mean scores and correlates of emotional distress treatment outcomes using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in a sample of 230 patients (73 males, 157 females) who had completed an interdisciplinary chronic pain rehabilitation program...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424554/predicting-postprobationary-job-performance-of-police-officers-using-cpi-and-mmpi-2-rf-test-data-obtained-during-preemployment-psychological-screening
#9
Ryan M Roberts, Anthony M Tarescavage, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Michael D Roberts
We examined associations between prehire California Psychological Inventory (CPI) and prorated Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scores (calculated from MMPI profiles) and supervisor ratings for a sample of 143 male police officers. Substantive scale scores in this sample were meaningfully lower than those obtained by the tests' normative samples in the case of the MMPI-2-RF and meaningfully higher in the case of the CPI (indicating less psychological dysfunction). Test scores from both instruments showed substantial range restriction, consistent with those produced by members of the police candidate comparison groups (Corey & Ben-Porath, 2014 ; Roberts & Johnson, 2001 )...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319367/development-and-validation-of-personality-disorder-spectra-scales-for-the-mmpi-2-rf
#10
Martin Sellbom, Mark H Waugh, Christopher J Hopwood
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a set of MMPI-2-RF (Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) personality disorder (PD) spectra scales. These scales could serve the purpose of assisting with DSM-5 PD diagnosis and help link categorical and dimensional conceptions of personality pathology within the MMPI-2-RF. We developed and provided initial validity results for scales corresponding to the 10 PD constructs listed in the DSM-5 using data from student, community, clinical, and correctional samples...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227127/symptom-and-performance-validity-with-veterans-assessed-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#11
Robert D Shura, John H Denning, Holly M Miskey, Jared A Rowland
Little is known about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in veterans. Practice standards recommend the use of both symptom and performance validity measures in any assessment, and there are salient external incentives associated with ADHD evaluation (stimulant medication access and academic accommodations). The purpose of this study was to evaluate symptom and performance validity measures in a clinical sample of veterans presenting for specialty ADHD evaluation. Patients without a history of a neurocognitive disorder and for whom data were available on all measures (n = 114) completed a clinical interview structured on DSM-5 ADHD symptoms, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), and the Test of Memory Malingering Trial 1 (TOMM1) as part of a standardized ADHD diagnostic evaluation...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169252/distinguishing-levels-of-suicide-risk-in-depressed-male-veterans-the-role-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-psychopathology-as-measured-by-the-mmpi-2-rf
#12
Stephanie N Miller, Melanie L Bozzay, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Paul A Arbisi
Suicide occurs at high rates among veterans, underscoring a need for improved identification of veterans at risk of engaging in suicidal behavior. Considering dimensions of psychopathology in the context of an ideation-to-action framework, the present study examined the utility of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form in distinguishing depressed, psychiatrically hospitalized male veterans ( N = 430) at varying levels of suicide risk. Analysis of variance and hierarchical logistic regression analyses indicated that internalizing scales differentiated depressed ideators ( n = 147) and depressed controls ( n = 143); and in line with expectations, both broad and narrowly focused externalizing scales provided incremental validity in distinguishing depressed attempters ( n = 140) from depressed ideators...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111906/types-of-smokers-who-seek-smoking-cessation-treatment-according-to-psychopathology
#13
Úrsula Martínez, Elena Fernández Del Río, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elisardo Becoña
Psychopathology and psychological distress have been shown to be related to poor smoking cessation outcomes and abstinence maintenance. Thus, it is important to identify individuals with high levels of psychopathology before undergoing smoking cessation treatment in order to increase their likelihood of success. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the present study was to analyze whether we could classify smokers by using self-reported measures of psychopathology. In addition, a secondary aim was to examine if there were significant differences among the groups of smokers regarding sociodemographic information, nicotine dependence, and cessation rates at the end of treatment and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072481/classification-accuracy-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-mmpi-2-restructured-form-validity-scales-in-detecting-malingered-pain-related-disability
#14
Kevin J Bianchini, Luis E Aguerrevere, Kelly L Curtis, Tresa M Roebuck-Spencer, F Charles Frey, Kevin W Greve, Matthew Calamia
The symptom reports of individuals with chronic pain are multidimensional (e.g., emotional, cognitive, and somatic) and significantly contribute to increased morbidity and lost work productivity. When pain occurs in the context of a legally compensable event, reliable assessment of a patient's multifactorial symptom experience during psychological or neuropsychological evaluations is a necessity. The Validity Scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) have been shown useful in identifying symptom overreporting and feigning within chronic pain samples and a number of studies have emerged supporting the use of the MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in the detection of simulated or feigned impairment in a variety of populations...
October 26, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994350/the-validity-of-the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-symptom-validity-scale-fbs-fbs-r-is-established-reply-to-nichols-2017
#15
Glenn J Larrabee, Kevin J Bianchini, Kyle B Boone, Martin L Rohling
We reply to Nichols' (2017) critique of our commentary on the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Symptom Validity Scale (FBS/FBS-r) as a measure of symptom exaggeration versus a measure of litigation response syndrome (LRS). Nichols claims that we misrepresented the thrust of the original paper he co-authored with Gass; namely, that they did not represent that the FBS/FBS-r were measures of LRS but rather, intended to convey that the FBS/RBS-r were indeterminate as to whether the scales measured LRS or measured symptom exaggeration...
November 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829224/the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-symptom-validity-scale-fbs-fbs-r-is-not-a-measure-of-litigation-response-syndrome-commentary-on-nichols-and-gass-2015
#16
Glenn J Larrabee, Kevin J Bianchini, Kyle B Boone, Martin L Rohling
OBJECTIVES: To address (1) Whether there is empirical evidence for the contention of Nichols and Gass that the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF FBS/FBS-r Symptom Validity Scale is a measure of Litigation Response Syndrome (LRS), representing a credible set of responses and reactions of claimants to the experience of being in litigation, rather than a measure of non-credible symptom report, as the scale is typically used; and (2) to address their stated concerns about the validity of FBS/FBS-r meta-analytic results, and the risk of false positive elevations in persons with bona-fide medical conditions...
August 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661171/utility-of-the-mmpi-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf-in-a-sample-of-lithuanian-male-offenders
#17
Ilona Laurinaitytė, Alfredas Laurinavičius, Laura Ustinavičiūtė, Dustin B Wygant, Martin Sellbom
The aim of the current study was to examine the construct validity of the Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory [MMPI]-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) in a correctional setting. More specifically, we examined the associations between MMPI-2-RF scales with external variables relevant for sentence planning as well as the relationship with risk of reconviction assessed with the Offender Assessment System (OASys; Home Office, 2002). A random sample of 228 male offenders from Lithuanian custodial institutions was selected for the study...
October 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647552/clinical-utility-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-in-the-assessment-of-major-depression-after-broad-spectrum-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Jacobus Donders, Adriene Pendery
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) when screening for symptoms of depression after traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data collected as part of routine clinical outpatient care over a period of 30 months. SETTING: Regional rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: Persons (N=137) with mild to severe traumatic brain injury who were referred for neuropsychological evaluation within 1 to 12 months...
December 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627924/clusters-of-financially-incentivized-chronic-pain-patients-using-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf
#19
Luis E Aguerrevere, Matthew R Calamia, Kevin W Greve, Kevin J Bianchini, Kelly L Curtis, Veronica Ramirez
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) has been shown to have clinical utility in the assessment of individuals with chronic pain (e.g., predicting surgical outcomes). The purpose of this study was to explore the ability of the MMPI-2-RF Validity Scales in profiling patients with chronic pain who had external financial incentive (e.g., workers' compensation claims) and determine the associations between Validity Scale response patterns and important outcomes. Cluster analysis identified 2 similarly sized clusters of patients with very different MMPI-2-RF profiles...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627922/inconsistent-responding-on-the-mmpi-2-rf-and-uncooperative-attitude-evidence-from-cognitive-performance-validity-measures
#20
Roger O Gervais, Anthony M Tarescavage, Manfred F Greiffenstein, Dustin B Wygant, Cheryl Deslauriers, Patricia Arends
It is generally well understood that possible reasons for inconsistent responding on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), as measured by the Variable Response Inconsistency (VRIN-r) and True Response Inconsistency (TRIN-r) scales, include reading or language limitations, cognitive impairment, and intentional random responding; however, the interpretive recommendations for the test suggest that higher scores on these scales can also result from an uncooperative test-taking approach...
March 2018: Psychological Assessment
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