keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Kirkpatrick

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349924/parental-supervision-for-their-children-s-toothbrushing-mediating-effects-of-planning-self-efficacy-and-action-control
#1
Kyra Hamilton, Stephen Cornish, Aaron Kirkpatrick, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
OBJECTIVES: With 60-90% of children worldwide reportedly experiencing dental caries, poor oral health in the younger years is a major public health issue. As parents are important to children's oral hygiene practices, we examined the key self-regulatory behaviours of parents for supervising their children's toothbrushing using the health action process approach. DESIGN AND METHOD: Participants (N = 281, 197 mothers) comprised Australian parents of 2- to 5-year-olds...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349817/anatomical-study-of-the-so-called-retromolar-gland-distinguishing-normal-anatomy-from-oral-cavity-pathology
#2
Joe Iwanaga, Ken Nakamura, Fernando Alonso, Christie Kirkpatrick, Rod J Oskouian, Koichi Watanabe, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: The minor salivary glands in the retromolar trigone have rarely been studied. The aim of this study was to better define the anatomy of the minor salivary glands in the retromolar trigone and establish the relationships between these and adjacent structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The gland in the retromolar trigone was exposed and its relationships to surrounding structures were observed on twenty cadaveric sides. RESULTS: The boundaries of the gland included the superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle, the tendon of the buccinator muscle, and loose connective tissue...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348138/development-and-validation-of-outcome-prediction-models-for-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-the-sahit-multinational-cohort-study
#3
Blessing N R Jaja, Gustavo Saposnik, Hester F Lingsma, Erin Macdonald, Kevin E Thorpe, Muhammed Mamdani, Ewout W Steyerberg, Andrew Molyneux, Airton Leonardo de Oliveira Manoel, Bawarjan Schatlo, Daniel Hanggi, David Hasan, George K C Wong, Nima Etminan, Hitoshi Fukuda, James Torner, Karl L Schaller, Jose I Suarez, Martin N Stienen, Mervyn D I Vergouwen, Gabriel J E Rinkel, Julian Spears, Michael D Cusimano, Michael Todd, Peter Le Roux, Peter Kirkpatrick, John Pickard, Walter M van den Bergh, Gordon Murray, S Claiborne Johnston, Sen Yamagata, Stephan Mayer, Tom A Schweizer, R Loch Macdonald
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a set of practical prediction tools that reliably estimate the outcome of subarachnoid haemorrhage from ruptured intracranial aneurysms (SAH). DESIGN: Cohort study with logistic regression analysis to combine predictors and treatment modality. SETTING: Subarachnoid Haemorrhage International Trialists' (SAHIT) data repository, including randomised clinical trials, prospective observational studies, and hospital registries...
January 18, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347252/de-almeida-thouless-instability-in-short-range-ising-spin-glasses
#4
R R P Singh, A P Young
We use high-temperature series expansions to study the ±J Ising spin glass in a magnetic field in d-dimensional hypercubic lattices for d=5-8 and in the infinite-range Sherrington-Kirkpatrick (SK) model. The expansions are obtained in the variable w=tanh^{2}J/T for arbitrary values of u=tanh^{2}h/T complete to order w^{10}. We find that the scaling dimension Δ associated with the ordering-field h^{2} equals 2 in the SK model and for d≥6. However, in agreement with the work of Fisher and Sompolinsky [Phys...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347023/stability-of-the-quantum-sherrington-kirkpatrick-spin-glass-model
#5
A P Young
I study in detail the quantum Sherrington-Kirkpatrick (SK) model, i.e., the infinite-range Ising spin glass in a transverse field, by solving numerically the effective one-dimensional model that the quantum SK model can be mapped to in the thermodynamic limit. I find that the replica symmetric solution is unstable down to zero temperature, in contrast to some previous claims, and so there is not only a line of transitions in the (longitudinal) field-temperature plane (the de Almeida-Thouless, AT, line) where replica symmetry is broken, but also a quantum de Almeida-Thouless (QuAT) line in the transverse field-longitudinal field plane at T=0...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346359/a-systematic-review-of-leadership-training-for-medical-students
#6
Oscar Lyons, Bruce Su'a, Michelle Locke, Andrew Hill
BACKGROUND: Leadership is increasingly being recognised as an essential requirement for doctors. Many medical schools are in the process of developing formal leadership training programmes, but it remains to be elucidated what characteristics make such programmes effective, and to what extent current programmes are effective, beyond merely positive learner reactions. This review's objective was to investigate the effectiveness of undergraduate medical leadership curricula and to explore common features of effective curricula...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338486/rewarding-effects-of-physical-activity-predict-sensitivity-to-the-acute-subjective-effects-of-d-amphetamine-in-healthy-volunteers
#7
Mollie S Pester, Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Bree A Geary, Adam M Leventhal
While individual differences in reward sensitivity are believed to generalize across drugs and alternative rewards, this notion has received little empirical attention in human research. Here, we tested whether individual differences in the subjective rewarding effects of physical activity were associated with the subjective response to d-amphetamine administration. Healthy volunteers ( n=95; age 18-35 years) completed questionnaires measuring the self-reported pleasurable effects of physical activity and other covariates, and this was followed by two double-blind counterbalanced sessions during which they received either 20 mg oral d-amphetamine or placebo...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336817/neurocognitive-assessment-in-patients-with-a-minor-traumatic-brain-injury-and-an-abnormal-initial-ct-scan-can-cognitive-evaluation-assist-in-identifying-patients-who-require-surveillance-ct-brain-imaging
#8
Thomas W Clements, Michael Dunham, Andrew Kirkpatrick, Ruphus Rajakumar, Carolyn Gratton, Rohan Lall, Paul McBeth, Chad G Ball
BACKGROUND: Evidence for repeat computed tomography (CT) in minor traumatic brain injury (mTBI) patients with intracranial pathology is scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of clinical cognitive assessment (COG) in defining the need for repeat imaging. METHODS: COG performance was compared with findings on subsequent CT, and need for neurosurgery in mTBI patients (GCS 13-15 and positive CT findings). RESULTS: Of 152 patients, 65...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328705/quantum-triple-point-and-quantum-critical-end-points-in-metallic-magnets
#9
D Belitz, T R Kirkpatrick
In low-temperature metallic magnets, ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) orders can exist, adjacent to one another or concurrently, in the phase diagram of a single system. We show that universal quantum effects qualitatively alter the known phase diagrams for classical magnets. They shrink the region of concurrent FM and AFM order, change various transitions from second to first order, and, in the presence of a magnetic field, lead to either a quantum triple point where the FM, AFM, and paramagnetic phases all coexist or a quantum critical end point...
December 29, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314376/validation-of-a-behavioral-economic-purchase-task-for-assessing-drug-abuse-liability
#10
James MacKillop, Nicholas I Goldenson, Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Adam M Leventhal
Behavioral economic purchase tasks quantify drug demand (i.e. reinforcing value of a drug) and have been used extensively to assess the value of various drugs among current users. However, purchase tasks have been rarely used with unfamiliar drugs to address a compound's abuse liability, and the current study sought to validate the paradigm in this capacity. Using a double-blind placebo-controlled within-subjects drug challenge design, the study evaluated differential drug demand on an experimental drug purchase task for a 20 mg dose of oral D-amphetamine (versus placebo), a prototypic psychostimulant, in 98 stimulant-naïve participants...
January 5, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313791/dilemmas-in-dual-disease-complexity-and-futility-in-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-and-substance-use-disorder
#11
James N Kirkpatrick, Jason W Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305819/medical-students-are-not-blank-slates-positionality-and-curriculum-interact-to-develop-professional-identity
#12
Kirkpatrick B Fergus, Bronte Teale, Milani Sivapragasam, Omar Mesina, Erene Stergiopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300933/structural-characterization-of-the-asf1-rtt109-interaction-and-its-role-in-histone-acetylation
#13
Lukas Lercher, Nataliya Danilenko, John Kirkpatrick, Teresa Carlomagno
Acetylation of histone H3 at lysine-56 by the histone acetyltransferase Rtt109 in lower eukaryotes is important for maintaining genomic integrity and is required for C. albicans pathogenicity. Rtt109 is activated by association with two different histone chaperones, Vps75 and Asf1, through an unknown mechanism. Here, we reveal that the Rtt109 C-terminus interacts directly with Asf1 and elucidate the structural basis of this interaction. In addition, we find that the H3 N-terminus can interact via the same interface on Asf1, leading to a competition between the two interaction partners...
December 29, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284156/vancomycin-dosing-in-chronic-high-flux-haemodialysis-a-systematic-review
#14
Katrina Hui, Lydia Upjohn, Michelle Nalder, Kirsty Buising, Eugenie Pedagogos, Craig Nelson, Carl M J Kirkpatrick, David C M Kong
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to systematically evaluate if non-weight-based (non-WBD) or weight-based dosing (WBD) of vancomycin led to a higher proportion of patients achieving the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic target. METHODS: Studies from January 1985 to February 2017 were identified through Cochrane, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases. Those conducted in adults with end-stage renal disease receiving high-flux haemodialysis and intravenous vancomycin were included...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282268/is-computer-assisted-instruction-more-effective-than-other-educational-methods-in-achieving-ecg-competence-among-medical-students-and-residents-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Charle André Viljoen, Rob Scott Millar, Mark E Engel, Mary Shelton, Vanessa Burch
INTRODUCTION: Although ECG interpretation is an essential skill in clinical medicine, medical students and residents often lack ECG competence. Novel teaching methods are increasingly being implemented and investigated to improve ECG training. Computer-assisted instruction is one such method under investigation; however, its efficacy in achieving better ECG competence among medical students and residents remains uncertain. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This article describes the protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis that will compare the effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction with other teaching methods used for the ECG training of medical students and residents...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276836/patient-reported-experiences-on-supportive-care-strategies-following-the-introduction-of-the-first-swedish-national-cancer-strategy-and-in-accordance-with-the-new-patient-act
#16
Bodil Westman, Lily Kirkpatrick, Fereshte Ebrahim, Roger Henriksson, Lena Sharp
INTRODUCTION: Several supportive care strategies are described in Swedish legislation and policy documents, such as the National Cancer Strategy and the Patient act. No previous systematic evaluation from a patient perspective has been performed. The aim of this study was to evaluate how these supportive care strategies are experienced by patients treated for cancer in the Stockholm-Gotland region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we identified patients (diagnosed with gynaecological, haematological, upper gastrointestinal and head and neck cancer during 2014) from the Swedish Cancer Register...
December 25, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276055/morphometric-similarity-networks-detect-microscale-cortical-organization-and-predict-inter-individual-cognitive-variation
#17
Jakob Seidlitz, František Váša, Maxwell Shinn, Rafael Romero-Garcia, Kirstie J Whitaker, Petra E Vértes, Konrad Wagstyl, Paul Kirkpatrick Reardon, Liv Clasen, Siyuan Liu, Adam Messinger, David A Leopold, Peter Fonagy, Raymond J Dolan, Peter B Jones, Ian M Goodyer, Armin Raznahan, Edward T Bullmore
Macroscopic cortical networks are important for cognitive function, but it remains challenging to construct anatomically plausible individual structural connectomes from human neuroimaging. We introduce a new technique for cortical network mapping based on inter-regional similarity of multiple morphometric parameters measured using multimodal MRI. In three cohorts (two human, one macaque), we find that the resulting morphometric similarity networks (MSNs) have a complex topological organization comprising modules and high-degree hubs...
December 21, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275856/the-brief-negative-symptom-scale-bnss-sensitivity-to-treatment-effects
#18
Brian Kirkpatrick, Jay B Saoud, Gregory P Strauss, Anthony O Ahmed, Kazunori Tatsumi, Mark Opler, Remy Luthringer, Michael Davidson
The Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS) grew out of a recommendation by the NIMH-sponsored Consensus Development Conference on Negative Symptoms that a scale based on contemporary concepts be developed. We assessed sensitivity to change of the BNSS in a trial of MIN-101, which showed efficacy for negative symptoms (PANSS pentagonal model) at daily doses of 32 and 64mg/day. Using mixed-effects model for repeated measures, we examined change in BNSS total score and in the BNSS factors of anhedonia/avolition/asociality (AAA), and expressivity (EXP)...
December 21, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273943/thyroid-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-with-pten-hamartoma-tumor-syndrome-phts
#19
Michaela Plamper, Felix Schreiner, Bettina Gohlke, Janina Kionke, Eckard Korsch, James Kirkpatrick, Mark Born, Stefan Aretz, Joachim Woelfle
Patients with PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) are at increased risk of developing benign and malignant tumors, including thyroid carcinoma. Benign thyroid lesions and single cases of thyroid carcinoma have been reported in children with PHTS. We conducted a retrospective, single-centered study including children and adolescents with a molecularly proven diagnosis of PTEN. Our cohort consists of 16 patients, with a mean age at diagnosis PHTS of 5.7 years. Twelve of 16 cases exhibited thyroid abnormalities (75%)...
December 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247458/the-tyneside-pegboard-test-development-validation-and-observations-in-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#20
Anna P Basu, Emma V Kirkpatrick, Blythe Wright, Janice E Pearse, Kate E Best, Janet A Eyre
AIM: The aims of this study were twofold: first, to develop and validate a timed test of unimanual and bimanual dexterity suitable for those with disability affecting hand function; second, to explore relationships between unimanual and bimanual completion times. METHOD: We developed the Tyneside Pegboard Test (TPT), an electronically timed test with three peg sizes, incorporating an asymmetrical bimanual task. Nine hundred and seventy-four participants (455 males, 519 females; age range 4-80y) provided normative data...
December 16, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
keyword
keyword
56949
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"