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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807706/the-relationship-between-psychological-symptoms-and-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#1
Himali Weerahandi, Nathan Goldstein, Laura P Gelfman, Ulrich Jorde, James N Kirkpatrick, Edith Meyerson, Judith Marble, Yoshifumi Naka, Sean Pinney, Mark S Slaughter, Emilia Bagiella, Deborah D Ascheim
CONTEXT: Ventricular assist devices (VADs) improve quality of life in advanced heart failure (HF) patients, but there are little data exploring psychological symptoms in this population. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms and disease over time in VAD patients. METHODS: This prospective multicenter cohort study enrolled patients immediately before or after VAD implant and followed them up to forty-eight weeks...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807193/does-increased-prehospital-time-lead-to-a-trial-of-life-effect-for-patients-with-blunt-trauma
#2
Thomas W Clements, Kelly Vogt, S Morad Hameed, Neil Parry, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Sean C Grondin, Elijah Dixon, Jessica McKee, Chad G Ball
BACKGROUND: Variance in prehospital time among severely injured blunt trauma patients is dependent upon numerous factors. Effects on subsequent mortality and trauma team activation (TTA) rates are also unclear. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between prehospital time and mortality at level I trauma referral centers amongst critically blunt injured patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multiinstitutional study from three geographically distinct level I trauma centers analyzed all severely blunt injured patients (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≥12)...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806230/a-multifaceted-model-to-evaluate-interprofessional-education-in-clinical-nurse-specialist-programs
#3
Heather Becker, Gayle M Timmerman, Carole Delville, EunJin Seo
PURPOSE: Preparing students to engage in team-based healthcare is a major focus of clinical nurse specialist (CNS) education programs. A robust evaluation plan is needed to monitor achievement of key outcomes in this complex undertaking. DESCRIPTION: Informed by the work of Kirkpatrick and Stufflebeam, an evaluation model that incorporates multiple information sources about process and outcomes related to interprofessional (IP) education is proposed. OUTCOME: Improvements in scores on attitude and competency measures suggest that the program had the desired effects on students' attitudes and self-efficacy for IP collaboration and was validated by faculty clinical observations of IP communication and teamwork...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804507/2017-update-of-the-wses-guidelines-for-emergency-repair-of-complicated-abdominal-wall-hernias
#4
REVIEW
Arianna Birindelli, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Federico Coccolini, Luca Ansaloni, Gabrielle H van Ramshorst, Giampiero Campanelli, Vladimir Khokha, Ernest E Moore, Andrew Peitzman, George Velmahos, Frederick Alan Moore, Ari Leppaniemi, Clay Cothren Burlew, Walter L Biffl, Kaoru Koike, Yoram Kluger, Gustavo P Fraga, Carlos A Ordonez, Matteo Novello, Ferdinando Agresta, Boris Sakakushev, Igor Gerych, Imtiaz Wani, Michael D Kelly, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Mario Paulo Faro, Antonio Tarasconi, Zaza Demetrashvili, Jae Gil Lee, Nereo Vettoretto, Gianluca Guercioni, Roberto Persiani, Cristian Tranà, Yunfeng Cui, Kenneth Y Y Kok, Wagih M Ghnnam, Ashraf El-Sayed Abbas, Norio Sato, Sanjay Marwah, Muthukumaran Rangarajan, Offir Ben-Ishay, Abdul Rashid K Adesunkanmi, Helmut Alfredo Segovia Lohse, Jakub Kenig, Stefano Mandalà, Raul Coimbra, Aneel Bhangu, Nigel Suggett, Antonio Biondi, Nazario Portolani, Gianluca Baiocchi, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Rodolfo Scibé, Michael Sugrue, Osvaldo Chiara, Fausto Catena
Emergency repair of complicated abdominal wall hernias may be associated with worsen outcome and a significant rate of postoperative complications. There is no consensus on management of complicated abdominal hernias. The main matter of debate is about the use of mesh in case of intestinal resection and the type of mesh to be used. Wound infection is the most common complication encountered and represents an immense burden especially in the presence of a mesh. The recurrence rate is an important topic that influences the final outcome...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802536/incidence-of-glove-perforation-during-hand-surgical-procedures
#5
Kevin F Lutsky, Christopher Jones, Jack Abboudi, William Kirkpatrick, Fred Liss, Charles Leinberry, Asif Ilyas, Dennis Martin, Pedro K Beredjiklian
PURPOSE: To determine the rate of glove perforation during hand surgery. METHODS: We prospectively examined the rate of glove perforations among 10 fellowship-trained hand surgeons at our institution during a 6 week period. Gloves were tested for perforation using a water-fill technique at the conclusion of each surgical procedure. Surgeons recorded the presence of any glove perforations. RESULTS: Eleven perforations were identified in 10 gloves among 600 surgical procedures during the study period...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801417/optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-sonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-increased-intracranial-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#6
Alex Koziarz, Niv Sne, Fraser Kegel, Waleed Alhazzani, Siddharth Nath, Jetan H Badhiwala, Timothy Rice, Paul Engels, Faidi Samir, Andrew Healey, Kamyar Kahnamoui, Laura Banfield, Sunjay Sharma, Kesava Reddy, Gregory W J Hawryluk, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Saleh A Almenawer
INTRODUCTION: Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) is a significant neurological issue that may lead to permanent neurological sequelae. When evaluating patients with traumatic brain injury, it is crucial to identify those with high ICP in order to expedite ICP lowering measures and maintain adequate cerebral perfusion. Several measures are used to recognise patients with increased ICP including CT scan, MRI, ICP monitor, and lumbar puncture (LP). However, these tests can be invasive, associated with radiation exposure, contraindicated, or not readily available...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777615/contrasting-work-fluctuations-and-distributions-in-systems-with-short-range-and-long-range-correlations
#7
T R Kirkpatrick, J K Bhattacherjee, J V Sengers
It is shown that the work fluctuations and work distribution functions are fundamentally different in systems with short-range versus long-range correlations. The two cases considered with long-range correlations are magnetic work fluctuations in an equilibrium isotropic ferromagnet and work fluctuations in a nonequilibrium fluid with a temperature gradient. The long-range correlations in the former case are due to equilibrium Goldstone modes, while in the latter they are due to generic nonequilibrium effects...
July 21, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774594/tissue-and-circulating-microrna-co-expression-analysis-reveals-potential-involvement-of-mirnas-in-the-pathobiology-of-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia
#8
Christos Tziotzios, Chrysanthi Ainali, Susan Holmes, Fiona Cunningham, Su M Lwin, Ioulios Palamaras, Kapil Bhargava, Janice Rymer, Catherine Stefanato, Niall Kirkpatrick, Sergio Vano-Galvan, Christos Petridis, David A Fenton, Michael A Simpson, Alexandros Onoufriadis, John A McGrath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771402/improving-culturally-appropriate-care-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-evaluation-of-a-multicomponent-cultural-competency-training-program-arkansas-2015-2016
#9
Pearl Anna McElfish, Christopher R Long, Brett Rowland, Sarah Moore, Ralph Wilmoth, Britni Ayers
INTRODUCTION: The United States continues to become more racially and ethnically diverse, and racial/ethnic minority communities encounter sociocultural barriers to quality health care, including implicit racial/ethnic bias among health care providers. In response, health care organizations are developing and implementing cultural competency curricula. Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, we developed and evaluated a cultural competency training program to improve the delivery of culturally appropriate care in Marshallese and Hispanic communities...
August 3, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768546/five-years-experience-of-an-annual-course-on-implementation-science-an-evaluation-among-course-participants
#10
Siw Carlfjord, Kerstin Roback, Per Nilsen
BACKGROUND: Increasing interest in implementation science has generated a demand for education and training opportunities for researchers and practitioners in the field. However, few implementation science courses have been described or evaluated in the scientific literature. The aim of the present study was to provide a short- and long-term evaluation of the implementation training at Linköping University, Sweden. METHODS: Two data collections were carried out...
August 2, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768067/-this-illness-diminishes-me-what-it-does-is-like-theft-a%C3%A2-qualitative-meta-synthesis-of-people-s-experiences-of-living%C3%A2-with-asthma
#11
REVIEW
Kristen Pickles, Daniela Eassey, Helen K Reddel, Louise Locock, Susan Kirkpatrick, Lorraine Smith
BACKGROUND: What matters to people in their everyday experiences of living with asthma is influenced by a diverse range of personal, social, medical and environmental factors. Previous reviews of the asthma literature have largely focused on medical aspects of asthma or specific population groups with particular needs. OBJECTIVE: To identify, describe and synthesize from the available qualitative literature the views and experiences of adults living with asthma...
August 2, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760560/hippocampal-dose-from-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-4-to-10-brain-metastases-risk-factors-feasibility-of-dose-reduction-via-re-optimization-and-patient-outcomes
#12
Samuel R Birer, Adam C Olson, Justus Adamson, Rodney Hood, Matthew Susen, Grace Kim, Joseph K Salama, John P Kirkpatrick
This study aimed to report hippocampal dose from single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for 4 to 10 brain metastases and determine feasibility of hippocampal-sparing SRS. Patients with 4 to 10 brain metastases receiving single-isocenter, multi-target single-fraction SRS were identified. Hippocampi were contoured using the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0933 atlas. RTOG 0933 dose constraints were converted to a biologically effective dose using an alpha/beta of 2 (D100 421 cGy, Dmax 665 cGy)...
July 28, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759501/ultrasound-guided-regional-anesthesia-simulation-training-a-systematic-review
#13
Xiao Xu Chen, Vatsal Trivedi, AbdulHadi A AlSaflan, Suzanne Clare Todd, Andrea C Tricco, Colin J L McCartney, Sylvain Boet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) has become the criterion standard of regional anesthesia practice. Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia teaching programs often use simulation, and guidelines have been published to help guide URGA education. This systematic review aimed to examine the effectiveness of simulation-based education for the acquisition and maintenance of competence in UGRA. METHODS: Studies identified in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ERIC were included if they assessed simulation-based UGRA teaching with outcomes measured at Kirkpatrick level 2 (knowledge and skills), 3 (transfer of learning to the workplace), or 4 (patient outcomes)...
July 28, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752133/comparison-of-recruitment-and-retention-among-demographic-subgroups-in-a-large-diverse-population-study-of-diet
#14
Gwen L Alexander, Sujata Dixit-Joshi, Lawrence H Kushi, Laura A Coleman, Maria E Sundaram, Heather A Clancy, Michelle Groesbeck, Nancy A Potischman, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Thea P Zimmerman, Stephanie M George, Amy F Subar, Frances E Thompson
OBJECTIVE: We examined the feasibility of conducting a longitudinal study of diet among diverse populations by comparing rates of response throughout recruitment and retention phases by demographic and other characteristics. METHODS: Using quota sampling, participants were recruited from 3 geographically and demographically diverse integrated health systems in the United States. Overall, 12,860 adults, ages 20-70, were invited to participate via mail. Participation first required accessing the study's website and later meeting eligibility criteria via telephone interview...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749153/leadership-training-design-delivery-and-implementation-a-meta-analysis
#15
Christina N Lacerenza, Denise L Reyes, Shannon L Marlow, Dana L Joseph, Eduardo Salas
Recent estimates suggest that although a majority of funds in organizational training budgets tend to be allocated to leadership training (Ho, 2016; O'Leonard, 2014), only a small minority of organizations believe their leadership training programs are highly effective (Schwartz, Bersin, & Pelster, 2014), calling into question the effectiveness of current leadership development initiatives. To help address this issue, this meta-analysis estimates the extent to which leadership training is effective and identifies the conditions under which these programs are most effective...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747535/palliative-care-in-end-stage-valvular-heart-disease
#16
REVIEW
Jill M Steiner, Stephanie Cooper, James N Kirkpatrick
Valvular heart disease (VHD), particularly aortic valve disease, is prevalent with increasing incidence. When surgery is not possible, or when risks outweigh benefits, percutaneous treatment options may offer effective alternatives. However, procedures may not always go as planned, and frail patients or those whose symptoms are caused by other comorbidities may not benefit from valve intervention at all. Significant effort should be made to assess frailty, comorbidities and patient goals prior to intervention...
August 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747181/advancing-the-evidence-to-improve-the-nutrition-of-populations-a-refreshed-vision-and-scope-for-nutrition-journal
#17
EDITORIAL
Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Clare E Collins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746149/multimodality-cardiac-imaging-of-infective-endocarditis
#18
Erin Karlstedt, Davinder S Jassal, Iain D C Kirkpatrick, Darren Freed, Colette M Seifer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736836/identification-of-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-of-moderate-or-great-complexity-from-administrative-data
#19
Jill M Steiner, James N Kirkpatrick, Susan R Heckbert, Asma Habib, James Sibley, William Lober, J Randall Curtis
INTRODUCTION: There is relatively sparse literature on the use of administrative datasets for research in patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). The goal of this analysis is to examine the accuracy of administrative data for identifying patients with ACHD who died. METHODS: A list of the International Classification of Diseases codes representing ACHD of moderate- or great-complexity was created. A search for these codes in the electronic health record of adults who received care in 2010-2016 was performed, and used state death records to identify patients who died during this period...
July 24, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726470/child-sun-safety-application-of-an-integrated-behavior-change-model
#20
Kyra Hamilton, Aaron Kirkpatrick, Amanda Rebar, Martin S Hagger
OBJECTIVE: Childhood sun exposure increases risk of skin cancer in later life. Parents of young children play an important role in minimizing childhood sun exposure. The aim of the current study was to identify the motivational, volitional, and implicit antecedents of parents' sun-protective behaviors based on an Integrated Behavior Change model. METHOD: Parents (N = 373) of 2- to 5-year-old children self-reported their intentions, attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, autonomous and controlled motivation, action plans, habit, and past behaviors with respect to sun-protective behaviors for their children...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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