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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327833/-burden-of-smoking-related-disease-and-potential-impact-of-cigarette-price-increase-in-peru
#1
Ariel E Bardach, Joaquín E Caporale, Andrea Alcaraz, Federico Augustovski, Leandro Huayanay-Falconí, Cesar Loza-Munarriz, Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Andrés Pichon-Riviere
Objectives: . To calculate the burden of smoking-related disease and evaluate the potential economic and health impact of tax-induced cigarette price increase in Peru. Materials and methods.: A microsimulation model was used to estimate smoking-attributable impact on mortality, quality of life, and costs associated with heart and cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, lung cancer, and another nine cancers. Three scenarios, involving increased taxes, were evaluated...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282416/impact-of-level-and-patterns-of-alcohol-drinking-on-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-burden-in-argentina
#2
Ariel Esteban Bardach, Joaquín Enzo Caporale, Adolfo Luis Rubinstein, Goodarz Danaei
BACKGROUND: Deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD), including coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke are expected to increase in Latin America. Moderate and regular alcohol consumption confers cardiovascular protection, while binge drinking increases risk. We estimated the effects of alcohol use on the number of annual CHD and stroke deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in Argentina. METHODS: Alcohol use data were obtained from a nationally representative survey (EnPreCosp 2011), and etiological effect sizes from meta-analyses of epidemiological studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280675/radical-dissection-of-greater-palatine-artery-and-dynamic-reconstruction-of-cleft-palate
#3
Ghulam Qadir Fayyaz, Nauman Ahmad Gill, Ayesha Chaudry, Irfan Ishaq, Muhammad Aslam, Romaisa Shamim, Mirza Muhammad Kafeel, Muhammad Aazam, Hermann Sailer, Muhammad Ashraf Ganatra
BACKGROUND: Restoration of proper anatomy and physiology is an integral part of cleft palate repair. The senior author has devised a new technique of radical release of greater palatine vessels, which helps in achieving tension-free closure of palatal cleft. In addition, release and transposition of palatal muscles is performed without the use of operative microscope, resulting in improved palatal function. This technique is applicable to all types of clefts of the palate and can be performed on adult patients as well...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151026/perspectives-of-healthcare-practitioners-an-exploration-of-interprofessional-communication-using-electronic-medical-records
#4
Shoshana H Bardach, Kevin Real, David R Bardach
Contemporary state-of-the-art healthcare facilities are incorporating technology into their building design to improve communication and patient care. However, technological innovations may also have unintended consequences. This study seeks to better understand how technology influences interprofessional communication within a hospital setting based in the United States. Nine focus groups were conducted including a range of healthcare professions. The focus groups explored practitioners' experiences working on two floors of a newly designed hospital and included questions about the ways in which technology shaped communication with other healthcare professionals...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148228/health-economic-evaluation-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccines-in-women-from-venezuela-by-a-lifetime-markov-cohort-model
#5
Ariel Esteban Bardach, Osvaldo Ulises Garay, María Calderón, Andrés Pichón-Riviére, Federico Augustovski, Sebastián García Martí, Paula Cortiñas, Marino Gonzalez, Laura T Naranjo, Jorge Alberto Gomez, Joaquín Enzo Caporale
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) and genital warts (GW) are a significant public health issue in Venezuela. Our objective was to assess the cost-effectiveness of the two available vaccines, bivalent and quadrivalent, against Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in Venezuelan girls in order to inform decision-makers. METHODS: A previously published Markov cohort model, informed by the best available evidence, was adapted to the Venezuelan context to evaluate the effects of vaccination on health and healthcare costs from the perspective of the healthcare payer in an 11-year-old girls cohort of 264,489...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137729/community-based-cardiovascular-health-promotion-in-argentina-a-systematic-review
#6
Ariel Esteban Bardach, Natalia Elorriaga, Andrea Olga Alcaraz, Adolfo Luis Rubinstein, Julio Marcelo Tavella
In Argentina, cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for 30% of deaths and more than 600 000 disability-adjusted life years. However, no reviews describing local studies on interventions to address CVD risk factors have been identified. The purpose of this study is to characterize those population-based interventions and public policies implemented in Argentina to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease with an adequate evaluation of their impact on population health. We conducted a systematic review of studies that assessed interventions in health promotion and/or primary prevention conducted in adult populations of Argentina, addressing specific CVD factors, from 1999 to 2016...
January 30, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001203/-income-and-smoking-prevalence-in-latin-america-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Ariel Bardach, Herney Andrés García Perdomo, Ruth Amanda Ruano Gándara, Agustín Ciapponi
Objective: Determine the relationship between tobacco-use prevalence and smoker income level in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Methods: A systematic search was carried out in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, SOCINDEX, and LILACS databases. Studies from LAC published from January 1989 to December 2015 were included and were analyzed by subgroups disaggregated by decade of data, country, bias risk, sex, and age group. Results: Of 1 254 studies evaluated by full text, 29 articles were included, of which 25 were chosen for meta-analysis...
October 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001196/-financial-impact-of-smoking-on-health-systems-in-latin-america-a-study-of-seven-countries-and-extrapolation-to-the-regional-level
#8
Andrés Pichon-Riviere, Ariel Bardach, Federico Augustovski, Andrea Alcaraz, Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu, Márcia Teixeira Pinto, Marianela Castillo-Riquelme, Esperanza Peña Torres, Diana Isabel Osorio, Leandro Huayanay, César Loza Munarriz, Belén Sáenz de Miera-Juárez, Verónica Gallegos-Rivero, Catherine De La Puente, María Del Pilar Navia-Bueno, Joaquín Caporale
Objective: Estimate smoking-attributable direct medical costs in Latin American health systems. Methods: A microsimulation model was used to quantify financial impact of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, lung cancer, and nine other neoplasms. A systematic search for epidemiological data and event costs was carried out. The model was calibrated and validated for Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru, countries that account for 78% of Latin America's population; the results were then extrapolated to the regional level...
October 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001195/-burden-of-disease-attributable-to-tobacco-use-in-argentina-and-potential-impact-of-price-increases-through-taxes
#9
Andrea Alcaraz, Joaquín Caporale, Ariel Bardach, Federico Augustovski, Andrés Pichon-Riviere
Objective: Evaluate burden of disease associated with tobacco use in Argentina and estimate health and economic impacts of cigarette price increases through taxes. Methods: A microsimulation model was used to quantify smoking-attributable impact on mortality, quality of life, and costs for cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; pneumonia; and ten cancers. Modeling was done for effect of different price increase scenarios on tobacco use and their impact on health and economics...
October 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995287/-noninfectious-differential-diagnoses-of-pneumonia
#10
A Wielandner, P Agarwal, A Toelly, C Bardach
BACKGROUND: In patients with a clinical suspicion of pneumonia, typical clinical and laboratory features along with the detection of infiltrates on chest X‑ray are as a rule considered diagnostic and therapy is immediately initiated; however, studies have shown that in up to 5% of patients with an initial suspicion of pneumonia, another noninfectious pulmonary disease was the underlying cause. Early recognition and differentiation of diseases mimicking pneumonia are prerequisites for an adequate therapy...
January 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986195/interchangeability-between-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Alison Lee, Ariel Bardach, Demián Glujovsky, Lucila Rey-Ares, María Luisa Cafferata, Pilar Valanzasca, Sebastián García Martí
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, cost-effectiveness, immunogenicity, and safety related to the interchangeability between pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) and vaccination schedules in pediatric population. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in December 2010 and April 2015 for economic evaluations in MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Web sites and databases from medical societies, experts, and associations related to the topic, proceedings or congressional annals, and doctoral theses were also searched...
December 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971950/the-economic-impact-of-tobacco-smoking-in-the-latin-american-healthcare-systems-a-study-conducted-in-seven-countries-and-its-extrapolation-at-the-regional-level
#12
A Alcaraz, A Pichon-Riviere, A Bardach, F Augustovski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940773/psychiatric-disorders-and-trends-in-resource-use-in-pediatric-hospitals
#13
Bonnie T Zima, Jonathan Rodean, Matt Hall, Naomi S Bardach, Tumaini R Coker, Jay G Berry
OBJECTIVE: To describe recent, 10-year trends in pediatric hospital resource use with and without a psychiatric diagnosis and examine how these trends vary by type of psychiatric and medical diagnosis cooccurrence. METHODS: A retrospective, longitudinal cohort analysis using hospital discharge data from 33 tertiary care US children's hospitals of patients ages 3 to 17 years from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2014. The trends in hospital discharges, hospital days, and total aggregate costs for each psychiatric comorbid group were assessed by using multivariate generalized estimating equations...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940716/mental-health-conditions-and-medical-and-surgical-hospital-utilization
#14
Stephanie K Doupnik, John Lawlor, Bonnie T Zima, Tumaini R Coker, Naomi S Bardach, Matt Hall, Jay G Berry
OBJECTIVE: Mental health conditions are prevalent among children hospitalized for medical conditions and surgical procedures, but little is known about their influence on hospital resource use. The objectives of this study were to examine how hospitalization characteristics vary by presence of a comorbid mental health condition and estimate the association of a comorbid mental health condition with hospital length of stay (LOS) and costs. METHODS: Using the 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database, we conducted a retrospective, nationally representative, cross-sectional study of 670 161 hospitalizations for 10 common medical and 10 common surgical conditions among 3- to 20-year-old patients...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901600/the-role-of-the-built-environment-how-decentralized-nurse-stations-shape-communication-patient-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes
#15
Kevin Real, Shoshana H Bardach, David R Bardach
Increasingly, health communication scholars are attending to how hospital built environments shape communication, patient care processes, and patient outcomes. This multimethod study was conducted on two floors of a newly designed urban hospital. Nine focus groups interviews were conducted with 35 health care professionals from 10 provider groups. Seven of the groups were homogeneous by profession or level: nursing (three groups), nurse managers (two groups), and one group each of nurse care technicians ("techs") and physicians...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768620/computed-tomographic-appearance-of-organizing-pneumonia-in-an-oncologic-patient-population
#16
Niamh M Long, Andrew J Plodkowski, Rachel Schor-Bardach, Alexander I Geyer, Junting Zheng, Chaya S Moskowitz, Michelle S Ginsberg
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe the computed tomographic features of organizing pneumonia (OP) in an oncologic patient population and to also identify features associated with lung cancer and patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). METHODS: In retrospective computed tomographies from 151 patients with pathologically confirmed OP between January 2009 and September 2014, number of lesions, location, size, margin type, and consistency, as well as volume of lymphadenopathy and the presence and size of pleural effusions, were recorded...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679607/association-between-cigarette-smoking-prevalence-and-income-level-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Brunilda Casetta, Alejandro J Videla, Ariel Bardach, Paola Morello, Natalie Soto, Kelly Lee, Paul Anthony Camacho, Rocío Victoria Hermoza Moquillaza, Agustín Ciapponi
INTRODUCTION: Previous evidence linked low socioeconomic status with higher smoking prevalence. Our objective was to assess the strength of this association in the world population, updating a previous work. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Subgroup analyses included continents, WHO regions, country mortality levels, gender, age, risk of bias and study publication date. Independent reviewers selected studies, assessed potential bias and extracted data...
September 27, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553287/burden-of-heart-failure-in-latin-america-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Agustín Ciapponi, Andrea Alcaraz, María Calderón, María Gabriela Matta, Martin Chaparro, Natalie Soto, Ariel Bardach
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Heart failure is a major public health concern. The aim of this review was to estimate the burden of heart failure in Latin America. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis following a search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, and CENTRAL for articles published between January 1994 and June 2014, with no language restrictions. We included experimental and observational studies with at least 50 participants aged ≥ 18 years. RESULTS: In total, 143 of the 4792 references retrieved were included in the study...
November 2016: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213625/the-effectiveness-of-small-group-community-based-information-sessions-on-clinical-trial-recruitment-for-secondary-prevention-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Sarah D Tarrant, Shoshana H Bardach, Kendra Bates, Heather Nichols, Jacqueline Towner, Clay Tamatha, Allison Caban-Holt, Linda J Van-Eldik, Richard R Murphy, Reisa Sperling, Gregory A Jicha
Effective and practical recruitment strategies are needed to ensure successful recruitment into the Alzheimer disease clinical trials. To facilitate successful recruitment for the NIH-sponsored A4 (Anti-Amyloid treatment in Asymptomatic Alzheimer's disease, NCT02008357) trial for the secondary prevention of Alzheimer disease, we developed a small-group community information session to attract and recruit potential research participants. After a successful media campaign, 213 participants were screened through telephone for eligibility, identifying 127 potential participants...
May 20, 2016: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042813/variation-in-quality-of-urgent-health-care-provided-during-commercial-virtual-visits
#20
Adam J Schoenfeld, Jason M Davies, Ben J Marafino, Mitzi Dean, Colette DeJong, Naomi S Bardach, Dhruv S Kazi, W John Boscardin, Grace A Lin, Reena Duseja, Y John Mei, Ateev Mehrotra, R Adams Dudley
IMPORTANCE: Commercial virtual visits are an increasingly popular model of health care for the management of common acute illnesses. In commercial virtual visits, patients access a website to be connected synchronously-via videoconference, telephone, or webchat-to a physician with whom they have no prior relationship. To date, whether the care delivered through those websites is similar or quality varies among the sites has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the variation in the quality of urgent health care among virtual visit companies...
May 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
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