keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Multiple sclerosis fracture

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660405/xanthogranulomatous-osteomyelitis-of-the-humerus-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-alagille-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Adnan Cheema, Alexandre Arkader, Bruce Pawel
Xanthogranulomatous osteomyelitis (XO) is an exceedingly rare disease characterized by infiltration of histiocytes and foamy macrophages. Both on gross examination and on radiographs, XO can mimic malignancy. We describe the case of a 5-year-old female with Alagille syndrome who presented with a pathologic fracture of the right humerus. Initial radiographs revealed multiple osteolytic lesions in the distal humerus while MRI showed a large soft tissue mass. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of XO, which has hitherto not been described in a patient with Alagille syndrome...
June 28, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507642/diagnostic-imaging-of-pregnant-women-the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska, Anna Romaniuk-Doroszewska, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Agnieszka Duczkowska, Jarosław Mądzik, Martyna Szopa-Krupińska, Tomasz M Maciejewski
BACKGROUND: Presentation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in pregnant women in the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Institute of Mother and Child, Warsaw, Poland. MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty-three symptomatic pregnant women underwent MRI between 9 and 33 weeks of gestation (mean of 23 weeks). Moreover, we included 2 pregnant women who underwent fetal MRI and had incidental abnormalities. RESULTS: In 9 cases, we excluded the suspected brain abnormalities...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470695/sublethal-oligodendrocyte-injury-a-reversible-condition-in-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Qiao-Ling Cui, Damla Khan, Malena Rone, Vijayaraghava T S Rao, Radia Marie Johnson, Yun Hsuan Lin, Philippe-Antoine Bilodeau, Jeffery A Hall, Moses Rodriguez, Timothy E Kennedy, Samuel K Ludwin, Jack P Antel
OBJECTIVE: Degeneration of oligodendroglial distal processes has been identified as an early event in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesion development. Our objective was to further define the development of the "dying-back" oligodendrocyte lesion in situ and to model the development and potential reversibility of such responses using dissociated cultures of adult human brain-derived oligodendrocytes. METHODS: In situ analyses were performed on glutaraldehyde-fixed thin sections of clinically acute and pathologically active cases of MS...
June 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393275/traumatic-multiple-cervical-spine-injuries-in-a-patient-with-osteopetrosis-and-its-management
#4
Ashok Keshav Rathod, Rakesh Padmakar Dhake, Mandar Deepak Borde
STUDY DESIGN: Single case report. OBJECTIVE/PURPOSE: To report multiple level fractures of cervical spine in a patient with osteopetrosis and its management. Osteopetrosis is a rare inherited condition characterized by defective remodeling resulting in hard and brittle bones with diffuse osteosclerosis. Fractures of spine are rare as compared to the common long bone fractures. We report a case of traumatic multiple level fractures of cervical spine in osteopetrosis and its management which has rarely been reported in the literature before, if any...
May 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390010/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-major-chronic-diseases-not-related-to-mineral-homeostasis-in-adults-research-for-evidence-and-a-scientific-statement-from-the-european-society-for-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-osteoporosis-and
#5
Luisella Cianferotti, Francesco Bertoldo, Heike A Bischoff-Ferrari, Olivier Bruyere, Cyrus Cooper, Maurizio Cutolo, John A Kanis, Jean-Marc Kaufman, Jean-Yves Reginster, Rene Rizzoli, Maria Luisa Brandi
INTRODUCTION: Optimal vitamin D status promotes skeletal health and is recommended with specific treatment in individuals at high risk for fragility fractures. A growing body of literature has provided indirect and some direct evidence for possible extraskeletal vitamin D-related effects. PURPOSE AND METHODS: Members of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis have reviewed the main evidence for possible proven benefits of vitamin D supplementation in adults at risk of or with overt chronic extra-skeletal diseases, providing recommendations and guidelines for future studies in this field...
April 7, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376767/high-dose-vitamin-d-supplementation-does-not-affect-biochemical-bone-markers-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Trygve Holmøy, Jonas Christoffer Lindstrøm, Erik Fink Eriksen, Linn Hofsøy Steffensen, Margitta T Kampman
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis have high risk of osteoporosis and fractures. A poor vitamin D status is a risk factor for MS, and vitamin D supplementation has been recommended both to prevent MS progression and to maintain bone health. METHODS: We assessed the effect of 20,000 IU vitamin D3 weekly compared to placebo on biochemical markers of bone metabolism in 68 persons with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. RESULTS: Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D more than doubled in the vitamin D group, and parathyroid hormone decreased in the vitamin D group compared to the placebo group at week 48 and week 96...
April 4, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913383/traumatic-haemopneumothorax-and-whole-body-subcutaneous-emphysema-successful-use-of-a-small-bore-chest-drain
#7
Benjamin Hardy, Nicholas Sunderland, Mevan Perera, Kathryn Channing
A 56-year-old man presented having had two falls at home. He had a background of multiple sclerosis. After his second fall, during which he had fallen onto the toilet injuring his right chest, he was brought into the emergency department reporting pleuritic chest discomfort. Immediately evident was extensive swelling from his forehead to his thighs, which on palpation was found to be subcutaneous emphysema. A chest X-ray showed a large right-sided pneumothorax for which a chest drain was inserted. A CT revealed extensive surgical emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum and gas within the spinal canal...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753744/healthy-life-years-lost-and-excess-bed-days-due-to-6-patient-safety-incidents-empirical-evidence-from-english-hospitals
#8
Katharina D Hauck, Shaolin Wang, Charles Vincent, Peter C Smith
BACKGROUND: There is little satisfactory evidence on the harm of safety incidents to patients, in terms of lost potential health and life-years. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the healthy life-years (HLYs) lost due to 6 incidents in English hospitals between the years 2005/2006 and 2009/2010, to compare burden across incidents, and estimate excess bed-days. RESEARCH DESIGN: The study used cross-sectional analysis of the medical records of all inpatients treated in 273 English hospitals...
February 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525980/risk-factors-epidemiology-and-treatment-strategies-for-metabolic-bone-disease-in-patients-with-neurological-disease
#9
REVIEW
S Binks, R Dobson
Metabolic bone disease is a major public health concern, especially when it manifests as hip fracture which carries significant morbidity and mortality. Individuals with neurological disease are at higher risk of osteopenia, osteoporosis and fragility fracture compared to age-matched controls, yet this is under-appreciated by these patients. Clinician attention to this topic is therefore of importance and should address the bone health of men as well as women, a group in whom it may be an under-recognised problem...
October 2016: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375138/bone-metabolism-and-vitamin-d-status-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Katarzyna Kępczyńska, Małgorzata Zajda, Zbigniew Lewandowski, Jerzy Przedlacki, Beata Zakrzewska-Pniewska
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (VD), an important factor for bone health immobilization and immune regulation, has been shown to have low serum concentration in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Those patients have also multiple fracture risk factors, including progressive immobilization and long-term glucocorticoids treatment. The aim of the study was to analyze bone health (osteopenia or osteoporosis prevalence) and VD serum concentration in MS patients as well as the influence of disease activity and treatment on bone health...
July 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362963/assessment-of-vitamin-d-status-a-changing-landscape
#11
REVIEW
Markus Herrmann, Christopher-John L Farrell, Irene Pusceddu, Neus Fabregat-Cabello, Etienne Cavalier
In recent years it has been shown that vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased incidence as well as the progression of a broad range of diseases including osteoporosis, rickets, cardiovascular disease, autoimmune disease, multiple sclerosis and cancer. Consequently, requests for the assessment of vitamin D status have increased dramatically. Despite significant progress in the analysis of vitamin D metabolites and an expansion of our pathophysiological knowledge of vitamin D, the assessment of vitamin D status remains a challenging and partially unresolved issue...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334254/risk-of-osteoporotic-fractures-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-in-southwest-finland
#12
J Åivo, S Kurki, M-L Sumelahti, K Hänninen, J Ruutiainen, M Soilu-Hänninen
OBJECTIVES: Increased risk of osteoporotic fractures in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients compared with general population has been reported. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of osteoporotic and other low-energy fractures in an MS cohort from a large hospital district in southwest Finland. Age-adjusted total and gender-specific prevalence for definite MS per 100 000 in a population of 472 139 was calculated as a point prevalence in December 31, 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with MS and comorbid fractures were identified by searching for ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes during a period from 2004 to 2012 from hospital administrative data in Turku University Hospital (TYKS) in southwest Finland Case ascertainment was performed by review of medical records...
May 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243346/is-disuse-osteopenia-a-favorable-prognostic-sign-after-femoral-neck-fracture
#13
Beverlie L Ting, Marilyn Heng, Mark S Vrahas, Edward K Rodriguez, Mitchel B Harris, Michael J Weaver
OBJECTIVES: Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is a devastating complication following fixation of femoral neck fractures in younger adults. In this study, we investigate the prognostic utility of disuse osteopenia. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Three academic Level 1 trauma centers. PATIENTS: One hundred twenty patients younger than 60 years treated for a femoral neck fracture. INTERVENTION: N/A...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063628/bone-health-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-relapses
#14
Olwen Murphy, Michael S Zandi, Nitzan Lindenberg, Elaine Murphy, Jeremy Chataway
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the bone health and vitamin D levels of a cohort of patients with relapses of multiple sclerosis (MS) and to propose an algorithm for the management of bone health in this patient group. METHODS: We prospectively studied 56 consecutive patients from our acute relapse clinic. 3 patients were excluded from analysis as they were not deemed to have experienced an acute MS relapse. Bone health was assessed with vitamin D levels and Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scanning (10 patients failed to attend for DEXA)...
March 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037437/exchange-nailing-for-nonunion-of-diaphyseal-fractures-of-the-tibia-our-results-and-an-analysis-of-the-risk-factors-for-failure
#15
S T J Tsang, L A Mills, J Frantzias, J P Baren, J F Keating, A H R W Simpson
AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for the failure of exchange nailing in nonunion of tibial diaphyseal fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 102 tibial diaphyseal nonunions in 101 patients with a mean age of 36.9 years (15 to 74) were treated between January 1992 and December 2012 by exchange nailing. Of which 33 (32%) were initially open injuries. The median time from primary fixation to exchange nailing was 6.5 months (interquartile range (IQR) 4...
April 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26951286/vitamin-d-a-narrative-review-examining-the-evidence-for-ten-beliefs
#16
G Michael Allan, Lynda Cranston, Adrienne Lindblad, James McCormack, Michael R Kolber, Scott Garrison, Christina Korownyk
Over the past decade, a large body of observational evidence has suggested an association between lower vitamin D status (25-hydroxyvitamin D) and multiple acute and chronic disorders, including cancer, multiple sclerosis, depression and respiratory tract infections. This evidence has fostered the hypothesis that increasing vitamin D intake may treat and prevent such disorders. Our objective was to perform a critical analysis of the highest-level evidence for ten common beliefs regarding vitamin D for the prevention of falls, fractures and respiratory tract infections, the reduction of cancer incidence/mortality and overall mortality, and the prevention or treatment of depression/mental well-being, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis, as well as maximum dosing and regular testing...
July 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798466/drug-induced-fanconi-syndrome-associated-with-fumaric-acid-esters-treatment-for-psoriasis-a-case-series
#17
Deepak M W Balak, Jan Nico Bouwes Bavinck, Aiko P J de Vries, Jenny Hartman, Hendrik A Martino Neumann, Robert Zietse, Hok Bing Thio
BACKGROUND: Fumaric acid esters (FAEs), an oral immunomodulating treatment for psoriasis and multiple sclerosis, have been anecdotally associated with proximal renal tubular dysfunction due to a drug-induced Fanconi syndrome. Few data are available on clinical outcomes of FAE-induced Fanconi syndrome. METHODS: Descriptive case series with two cases of Fanconi syndrome associated with FAE treatment diagnosed at two Dutch university nephrology departments, three cases reported at the Dutch and German national pharmacovigilance databases and six previously reported cases...
February 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26701378/neurologist-ambulatory-care-health-care-utilization-and-costs-in-a-large-commercial-dataset
#18
John P Ney, Barbara Johnson, Tom Knabel, Karolina Craft, Joel Kaufman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of neurologist ambulatory care in chronic neurologic diseases in a large administrative claims dataset detailing costs, adverse events, and health care utilization. METHODS: The Optum proprietary claims dataset (2010-2012) was examined to describe direct health care costs, as well as specific outcome metrics for a large population of persons with chronic neurologic illnesses. In phase I of the study, we detail neurologist involvement and differences in annualized allowed third--party payments within episode treatment groups (ETGs) for 10 neurologic illnesses...
January 26, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26620642/comminuted-c2-articular-pillar-fracture-in-a-patient-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-recurrent-falls
#19
Josiah D Sault, James M Elliott
The patient was a 60-year-old woman, with long-standing balance deficits due to multiple sclerosis, referred to physical therapy by her primary care physician secondary to increasing fall frequency. Following evaluation, the physical therapist escorted the patient to her primary care physician's office, where a computed tomography scan was immediately performed, revealing a comminuted C2 articular pillar fracture.
December 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26283192/association-of-osteolytic-lesions-bone-mineral-loss-and-trabecular-sclerosis-with-prevalent-vertebral-fractures-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#20
J Borggrefe, S Giravent, G Campbell, F Thomsen, D Chang, M Franke, A Günther, M Heller, A Wulff
PURPOSE: In patients with multiple myeloma (MM), computed tomography is widely used for staging and to detect fractures. Detecting patients at severe fracture risk is of utmost importance. However the criteria for impaired stability of vertebral bodies are not yet clearly defined. We investigated the performance of parameters that can be detected by the radiologist for discrimination of patients with and without fractures. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We analyzed 128 whole body low-dose CT of MM patients...
November 2015: European Journal of Radiology
keyword
keyword
56947
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"