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Competency based medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815204/pathology-competencies-for-medical-education-and-educational-cases
#1
Barbara E C Knollmann-Ritschel, Donald P Regula, Michael J Borowitz, Richard Conran, Michael B Prystowsky
Current medical school curricula predominantly facilitate early integration of basic science principles into clinical practice to strengthen diagnostic skills and the ability to make treatment decisions. In addition, they promote life-long learning and understanding of the principles of medical practice. The Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME) were developed in response to a call to action by pathology course directors nationwide to teach medical students pathology principles necessary for the practice of medicine...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812957/examining-gender-bias-in-the-feedback-shared-with-family-medicine-residents
#2
Chantal Loeppky, Oksana Babenko, Shelley Ross
OBJECTIVES: Competency-based education places increasing emphasis on formative feedback to learners as part of the assessment process. We wished to determine if gender bias was present in the feedback shared with post-graduate medical trainees (residents) in a two-year family medicine residency program at a Canadian university. METHODS: We performed secondary data analyses of documented feedback (FieldNotes) extracted from the Competency-Based Achievement System database...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#3
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800338/a-guideline-for-parkinson-s-disease-nurse-specialists-with-recommendations-for%C3%A2-clinical-practice
#4
Herma Lennaerts, Marieke Groot, Berna Rood, Koen Gilissen, Hella Tulp, Erik van Wensen, Marten Munneke, Teus van Laar, Bastiaan R Bloem
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's Disease Nurse Specialists (PDNS) play an important role in the care for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and their caregivers. Until now, there were no nursing guidelines in PD, and interventions were based solely on daily clinical practice because there is no evidence to support the merits of nursing interventions. Consequently, there is little uniformity in current care delivery. OBJECTIVE: Developing a guideline for PDNS. METHODS: We developed a guideline based on a questionnaire among PDNS and a literature review, supplemented with expert opinion plus the input of patients and caregivers...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780955/a-review-of-peer-assisted-learning-to-deliver-interprofessional-supplementary-image-interpretation-skills
#5
REVIEW
P Bain, A Wareing, I Henderson
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning provides a means through which individuals can learn from one another through a reciprocal process. Radiographic image interpretation skills are fundamental to both diagnostic radiography students and medical students due to their shared role in preliminary evaluation of conventional radiographic images. Medical students on graduation, may not be well prepared to carry out image interpretation, since evidence suggests that they perform less well than radiographers in e...
September 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768111/providing-pediatric-palliative-care-education-using-problem-based-learning
#6
Karen Moody, Marlene McHugh, Rebecca Baker, Hillel Cohen, Priya Pinto, Stephanie Deutsch, Ruth O Santizo, Miriam Schechter, James Fausto, Pablo Joo
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine and the American Academy of Pediatrics has called for improvement in education and training of pediatricians in pediatric palliative care (PPC). Given the shortage of PPC physicians and the immediate need for PPC medical education, this study reports the outcomes of a problem-based learning (PBL) module facilitated by academic general and subspecialty pediatric faculty (non-PPC specialists) to third year medical students. Objectives/Setting: To test the effectiveness of a PPC-PBL module on third year medical students' and pediatric faculty's declarative knowledge, attitudes toward, perceived exposure, and self-assessed competency in PPC objectives...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767496/situating-remediation-accommodating-success-and-failure-in-medical-education-systems
#7
Rachel H Ellaway, Calvin L Chou, Adina L Kalet
There has been a widespread shift to competency-based medical education (CBME) in the United States and Canada. Much of the CBME discourse has focused on the successful learner, with relatively little attention paid to what happens in CBME systems when learners stumble or fail. Emerging issues, such as the well-documented problem of "failure to fail" and concerns about litigious learners, have highlighted a need for well-defined and integrated frameworks to support and guide strategic approaches to the remediation of struggling medical learners...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765471/the-future-of-interprofessional-education-and-practice-for-dentists-and-dental-education
#8
Elizabeth A Andrews
In the ever-changing landscape of education, health professions programs must be adaptable and forward-thinking. Programs need to understand the services students should be educated to provide over the next 25 years. The movement to increase collaboration among health professionals to improve health care outcomes is a significant priority for all health professions. Complex medical issues frequently seen in patients can best be addressed with interprofessional health care teams. Training future health care providers to work in such teams facilitates collaborative care and can result in improved outcomes for patients...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765467/dental-education-required-for-the-changing-health-care-environment
#9
Margherita Fontana, Carlos González-Cabezas, Tracy de Peralta, David C Johnsen
To be able to meet the demands for care in 2040, dental graduates will need to address challenges resulting from the rapidly changing health care environment with knowledge and sets of skills to build on current standards and adapt to the future. The purposes of this article are to 1) analyze key challenges likely to evolve considerably between now and 2040 that will impact dental education and practice and 2) propose several sets of skills and educational outcomes necessary to address these challenges. The challenges discussed include changes in prevalence of oral diseases, dental practice patterns, materials and technologies, integrated medical-dental care, role of electronic health records, cultural competence, integrated curricula, interprofessional education, specialty-general balance, and web/cloud-based collaborations...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759606/spaced-education-in-medical-residents-an-electronic-intervention-to-improve-competency-and-retention-of-medical-knowledge
#10
Jason Matos, Camille R Petri, Kenneth J Mukamal, Anita Vanka
BACKGROUND: Spaced education is a novel method that improves medical education through online repetition of core principles often paired with multiple-choice questions. This model is a proven teaching tool for medical students, but its effect on resident learning is less established. We hypothesized that repetition of key clinical concepts in a "Clinical Pearls" format would improve knowledge retention in medical residents. METHODS: This study investigated spaced education with particular emphasis on using a novel, email-based reinforcement program, and a randomized, self-matched design, in which residents were quizzed on medical knowledge that was either reinforced or not with electronically-administered spaced education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759095/ready-for-residency-a-bloomian-analysis-of-competency-based-osteopathic-medical-education
#11
Kyle Rosenberger, Daniel Skinner, Jody Monk
Context: Bloom's Taxonomy is a widely accepted tool for analyzing learning objectives, creating assessment materials, and ensuring that students move progressively through various levels of knowledge and cognition. Competency-based osteopathic medical education has, to the authors' knowledge, yet to be subjected to systematic bloomian analysis. Objective: To advance a bloomian analysis of competencies published by the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) and draw consequences of that analysis for undergraduate osteopathic medical education...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754424/pharmacist-perceptions-of-competency-identifying-priority-areas-for-a-competency-program-development-at-an-academic-medical-center
#12
Jami E Mann, Lindsey B Amerine, Kayla Waldron, Michael D Wolcott, Jacqueline E McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: Competency-based education models can serve as valuable resources for providing quality continuing education and professional development in healthcare. However, competency development programs can be stifled by scarce stakeholder involvement and insufficient recognition of resource challenges. Engaging pharmacists in program development can inform program design and prioritization of needs. OBJECTIVE: To describe a process to assess pharmacist perceptions about competency development and to inform program design by identifying high priority topic areas based on perceived value, confidence in abilities, and frequency of use by pharmacists...
July 24, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752535/nurse-prescribing-in-spain-the-law-and-the-curriculum
#13
Angel Romero-Collado, Marta Raurell-Torreda, Edurne Zabaleta-Del-Olmo, Carolina Rascon-Hernan, Erica Homs-Romero
In this cross-sectional study, we explored course content related to pharmacology and/or healthcare products and supplies in all nursing degree programs in Spain. Changes in nurse-prescribing legislation in Spain require that nurses take a certification course before prescribing over-the-counter products and medications. Using a cross-sectional descriptive study, between July and September 2014, the degree programs of all centers that offer a degree in nursing in Spain were examined, selecting those with course information available online...
July 28, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747207/lessons-learnt-from-the-magnet-malawian-german-hospital-partnership-the-german-perspective-on-contributions-to-patient-care-and-capacity-development
#14
Florian Neuhann, Sandra Barteit
BACKGROUND: Malawi is a low-income country with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates worldwide (Kendig et al., Trop Med Health 41:163-170, 2013). The health system depends largely on external funding. Official German development aid has supported health care in Malawi for many years (German Embassy Lilongwe, The German Development Cooperation in Malawi), including placing medical doctors in various departments of the Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe. In 2008, a hospital partnership called MAGNET (Malawi German Networking for Capacity Building in Treatment, Training and Research at KCH) evolved as part of the German ESTHER network...
July 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746024/impact-of-longitudinal-electronic-health-record-training-for-residents-preparing-for-practice-in-patient-centered-medical-homes
#15
Jung G Kim, Hector P Rodriguez, Katherine At Estlin, Carl G Morris
INTRODUCTION: Competence in using an electronic health record (EHR) is considered a critical skill for physicians practicing in patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs), but few studies have examined the impact of EHR training for residents preparing to practice in PCMHs. This study explored the educational outcomes associated with comprehensive EHR training for family medicine residents. METHODS: The PCMH EHR training consisted of case-based routine clinic visits delivered to 3 resident cohorts (N = 18)...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743855/evaluation-of-an-occupational-health-educational-program-based-on-alumni-perceptions-in-iran-structural-equation-model
#16
Semira Mehralizadeh, Alireza Dehdashti, Masoud Motalebi Kashani
Purpose: Evaluating educational program can improve the quality of education that learners receive. The present study evaluated undergraduate occupational health educational program at Medical sciences university of Semnan, Iran, focused on the associations between alumni perceptions of learning environment and outcomes in occupational health program. Methods: cross-sectional questionnaire survey was carried out among alumni of occupational health enrolled in an undergraduate program...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740443/approaches-to-teach-evidence-based-practice-among-health-professionals-an-overview-of-the-existing-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Athina E Patelarou, Konstantinos G Kyriakoulis, Aliki A Stamou, Aggelos Laliotis, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Michail Matalliotakis, Emmanuel Prokopakis, Evridiki Patelarou
Health care professionals' adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) remains limited, although most health care professionals are familiar with EBP and believe in its value. This systematic review aimed to bring together the best methods used to teach EBP to health professionals. The authors conducted a systematic search for the period 2005-2015 (an update of the search took place in October 2016) using PubMed interface (Medline). MeSH terms as well as free-text keywords were used. Studies were analyzed and evaluated by title and abstract...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739837/mortality-and-causes-of-death-among-homeless-in-finland-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#18
Agnes Stenius-Ayoade, Peija Haaramo, Hannu Kautiainen, Mika Gissler, Kristian Wahlbeck, Johan G Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is associated with increased mortality, and some predictors of mortality have been previously identified. We examined the overall and cause-specific mortality among homeless men in Helsinki and the associations of social background and health service use with mortality. METHODS: To assess cause-specific mortality in a competing risks framework, we performed a register-based, case-control study of 617 homeless men and an age-matched control group of 1240 men from the general population that were followed for 10 years between 2004 and 2014...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#19
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736399/competency-based-medical-education-studying-live-anatomy-by-ultrasound
#20
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio G Mantero, Antonino M Previtera, Michela C Turci, Elia M Biganzoli, Emanuela M Bertolini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
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