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Pregnancy and gastrointestinal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732002/-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-young-pregnant-woman-case-report
#1
Walker Del Cid Jove Oblitas, Miguel Joseph Abril Barreda
Female patient, 28 years old, with a gestation of 14 weeks, natural and from Ilo-Moquegua. Came with a time of disease 4 days with hematemesis, melena, epigastric pain and syncope. Background of colonic resection for peritonitis due to trauma 20 years ago; upper gastrointestinal bleeding three years ago; paternal grandparents died of gastric cancer; chronic gastritis diagnosed from 19 year old. In laboratory studies hemoglobin of 9.2. In the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was found absence of active upper gastrointestinal bleeding, a large tumor in proximal body toward greater curvature and posterior wall, 8 cm in diameter approximately, lobed appearance, with most of the mucosal surface unscathed is evidence, areas of ulceration of 2-3 mm covered with fibrin (biopsies taken), hard consistency, tent sign (positive) and cushionsign (negative)...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693936/sirenomelia-associated-with-discoid-adrenal-and-lumbar-meningocoele-an-autopsy-report
#2
Nelofar Islam, Bappa Mandal, Ram Narayan Das, Goutam Bera, Suchandra Mukherjee, Uttara Chatterjee
Mermaid syndrome or Sirenomelia is a rare congenital deformity in which the legs are fused and bears resemblance to mermaid's tail. It carries a poor prognosis, due to associated urogenital and gastrointestinal abnormalities. An early antenatal diagnosis using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can help in termination of pregnancy. Embryologically, it is considered as the extreme form of caudal regression syndrome due to the persistence of vitelline artery. Here, we report a case of Sirenomelia associated with bilateral renal agenesis along with the rare findings of discoid adrenal, lumbar meningocoele and abnormalities of the hand...
June 17, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673871/rectal-shaving-using-plasma-energy-in-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-of-the-rectum-four-years-of-experience
#3
Noémie Marty, Salma Touleimat, Salwa Moatassim-Drissa, Jenny Claude Millochau, Aurélie Vallee, Emanuela Stochino Loi, Eulalie Desnyder, Horace Roman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate postoperative complications, digestive function and fertility outcomes in patients managed by rectal shaving using plasma energy in deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum. DESIGN: A single center retrospective cohort study using data prospectively recorded, including patients managed from December 2012 to December 2016. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2. SETTINGS: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of Rouen University Hospital (France)...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641304/hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-review-of-recent-literature
#4
Viktoriya London, Stephanie Grube, David M Sherer, Ovadia Abulafia
BACKGROUND: In the United States, hyperemesis gravidarum is the most common cause of hospitalization during the first half of pregnancy and is second only to preterm labor for hospitalizations in pregnancy overall. In approximately 0.3-3% of pregnancies, hyperemesis gravidarum is prevalent and this percentage varies on account of different diagnostic criteria and ethnic variation in study populations. Despite extensive research in this field, the mechanism of the disease is largely unknown...
June 23, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635531/drug-exposure-in-early-pregnancy-might-be-related-to-the-effects-of-increased-maternal-progesterone-in-implantation-period
#5
Necip Girit, Ibrahim Tugrul, Buket Demirci, Ozlem Bozkurt, Turhan Dost, Mustafa Birincioglu, H Alper Tanriverdi
AIM: This short communication aims to evaluate the relation in between drug exposure time and early pregnancy regarding gestational weeks. METHODS: The study covers the referrals made to the Department of Pharmacology for a teratogenic consultation in a 3-year period. From the recordings of pregnant women, the last menstrual period and the starting date of medication were used to determine the time of prescription with regard to gestational weeks. RESULTS: In all of the three years, potentially teratogenic medication was prescribed more frequently in the 3rd, 4th and 5th gestational weeks (in between 15-35 days of pregnancy)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633864/perinatal-group-b-streptococcal-infections-virulence-factors-immunity-and-prevention-strategies
#6
REVIEW
Jay Vornhagen, Kristina M Adams Waldorf, Lakshmi Rajagopal
Group B streptococcus (GBS) or Streptococcus agalactiae is a β-hemolytic, Gram-positive bacterium that is a leading cause of neonatal infections. GBS commonly colonizes the lower gastrointestinal and genital tracts and, during pregnancy, neonates are at risk of infection. Although intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis during labor and delivery has decreased the incidence of early-onset neonatal infection, these measures do not prevent ascending infection that can occur earlier in pregnancy leading to preterm births, stillbirths, or late-onset neonatal infections...
June 17, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633635/maternal-use-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-hirschsprung-s-disease-in-newborns-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#7
Sebastian Werngreen Nielsen, Perniller Møller Ljungdalh, Jan Nielsen, Bente Mertz Nørgård, Niels Qvist
BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung's disease is a rare condition caused by congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract affecting 1:5000 children. Not much is known about risk factors for development of Hirschsprung's disease. Two clinical cases of hirschsprung's disease led to an investigation of the association between maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy and development of Hirschsprung's Disease in the newborn child. The study examined a nationwide, unselected cohort of children born in Denmark from 1 January 1996 until 12 March 2016 (n = 1,256,317)...
June 20, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603431/hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-and-pregnancy-potential-adverse-events-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Omar Bari, Philip R Cohen
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant condition with a prevalence of ~1 in 5,000 individuals. The pathophysiology of this condition centers on the lack of capillary beds between arterioles and venules, leading to direct contact between these vessels. This results in telangiectases on characteristic locations such as the face, fingers, mouth, and nasal mucosa. Visceral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are also observed in many patients, and these are most commonly seen in the brain, gastrointestinal tract, and lungs...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586260/laparoscopic-ventral-rectopexy-versus-laparoscopic-wells-rectopexy-for-complete-rectal-prolapse-long-term-results
#9
Khaled M Madbouly, Mohamed Youssef
BACKGROUND: There is no agreement about which laparoscopic rectopexy technique is best for treating complete rectal prolapse. Purpose was to compare functional outcome, the recurrence rate, and quality of life in patients treated with laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR) versus the laparoscopic Wells rectopexy (LWR) for complete rectal prolapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of consecutive patients who presented with complete rectal prolapse...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562753/group-b-streptococcus-detection-in-pregnant-women-via-culture-and-pcr-methods
#10
Cláudia Wollheim, Rosa Dea Sperhacke, Sabrina Kahler Ribeiro Fontana, Andréa Cristina Vanni, Sérgio Kakuta Kato, Patricia Regina de Araújo, Afonso Luis Barth, José Mauro Madi
INTRODUCTION: Group B Streptococcus (GBS), a source of neonatal infection, colonizes the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts of pregnant women. Routine screening for maternal GBS in late pregnancy and consequent intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis have reduced the incidence of early-onset GBS neonatal infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of PCR, compared to culture (gold standard), in GBS colonization screening of pregnant women, and to establish the prevalence of GBS colonization among this population...
March 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550954/first-trimester-influenza-vaccination-and-risks-for-major-structural-birth-defects-in-offspring
#11
Elyse Olshen Kharbanda, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Paul A Romitti, Allison L Naleway, T Craig Cheetham, Heather S Lipkind, Nicola P Klein, Grace Lee, Michael L Jackson, Simon J Hambidge, Natalie McCarthy, Frank DeStefano, James D Nordin
OBJECTIVE: To examine risks for major structural birth defects in infants after first trimester inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) exposures. STUDY DESIGN: In this observational study, we used electronic health data from 7 Vaccine Safety Datalink sites to examine risks for selected major structural defects in infants after maternal IIV exposure. Vaccine exposures for women with continuous insurance enrollment through pregnancy who delivered singleton live births between 2004 and 2013 were identified from standardized files...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550087/transcriptional-networks-in-rodent-models-support-a-role-for-gut-brain-communication-in-neurogenic-hypertension-a-review-of-the-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Jasenka Zubcevic, Ashley Baker, Christopher J Martyniuk
Hypertension (HTN) is the most prevalent condition observed in primary health care. Hypertension shows complex etiology, and neuroinflammation, overactive sympathetic drive, and the microbiome are each associated with the disease. To obtain mechanistic perspective into neurogenic HTN, we first constructed a framework for transcriptional regulators of the disease using the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database. This approach yielded a core group of 178 transcripts that are prevalent in studies of HTN, including leptin and neuropeptide Y...
July 1, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539842/a-review-of-antiviral-use-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-pregnant-women
#13
Ariel Jaffe, Robert S Brown
Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains high even with the proper use of active-passive immunoprophylaxis in newborns. Mothers with significant viremia are at a much higher risk of MTCT; therefore, treatments aimed at lowering HBV DNA levels during pregnancy may ultimately decrease global disease burden. The exact threshold for treatment remains controversial; however, most studies have accepted levels greater than 2 × 5 log10 IU/mL as significant viremia. We reviewed the most recent literature on antiviral efficacy, maternal and fetal safety, and viral resistance patterns when used for short-duration therapy in pregnancy...
March 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536957/brief-report-association-between-autism-spectrum-disorder-gastrointestinal-problems-and-perinatal-risk-factors-within-sibling-pairs
#14
Johan Isaksson, Erik Pettersson, Elzbieta Kostrzewa, Rochellys Diaz Heijtz, Sven Bölte
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been associated with gastrointestinal (GI) problems, but the nature of this association is unclear. Parents to siblings, concordant or discordant for ASD (N = 217), participated in a web survey covering mother's weight gain during pregnancy, maternal viral/bacterial infection and use of antibiotics, duration of breastfeeding, mode of delivery, birth weight and child GI problems. ASD was associated with GI problems and perinatal environmental risk, based on a summation of maternal infection and antibiotic use during pregnancy and/or the breastfeeding period...
August 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523762/a-retrospective-study-of-cytogenetic-results-from-amniotic-fluid-in-5328-fetuses-with-abnormal-obstetric-sonographic-findings
#15
Shuo Zhang, Caixia Lei, Junping Wu, Haiyan Sun, Yuezhou Yang, Yueping Zhang, Xiaoxi Sun
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic utility of karyotype analysis of amniotic fluid for fetuses with abnormal sonographic findings and to determine the detection rates of abnormal karyotypes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 5328 fetuses with abnormal sonographic findings in the first or second trimester enrolled from October 1998 and September 2015. Cytogenetic results from amniotic fluid were obtained in all of these pregnancies...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28519244/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-update-on-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategies
#16
Genny Raffaeli, Giacomo Cavallaro, Karel Allegaert, Enno Diederik Wildschut, Monica Fumagalli, Massimo Agosti, Dick Tibboel, Fabio Mosca
Substance use among pregnant women is a major public health issue. Both prescription opioid use and illicit opioid abuse have increased dramatically in recent years. Prolonged in utero drug exposure may result in neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), an acute multisystemic clinical entity that occurs in the first days of life. This syndrome is caused by abrupt discontinuation of fetal exposure to licit or illicit drugs chronically consumed by the mother during pregnancy and transmitted to the fetus through the placenta...
May 18, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432664/human-perinatal-immunity-in-physiological-conditions-and-during-infection
#17
REVIEW
Gijs T J van Well, Leonie A Daalderop, Tim Wolfs, Boris W Kramer
The intrauterine environment was long considered sterile. However, several infectious threats are already present during fetal life. This review focuses on the postnatal immunological consequences of prenatal exposure to microorganisms and related inflammatory stimuli. Both the innate and adaptive immune systems of the fetus and neonate are immature, which makes them highly susceptible to infections. There is good evidence that prenatal infections are a primary cause of preterm births. Additionally, the association between antenatal inflammation and adverse neonatal outcomes has been well established...
December 2017: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416508/hus-and-atypical-hus
#18
REVIEW
T Sakari Jokiranta
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a thrombotic microangiopathy characterized by intravascular hemolysis, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney failure. HUS is usually categorized as typical, caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection, as atypical HUS (aHUS), usually caused by uncontrolled complement activation, or as secondary HUS with a coexisting disease. In recent years, a general understanding of the pathogenetic mechanisms driving HUS has increased. Typical HUS (ie, STEC-HUS) follows a gastrointestinal infection with STEC, whereas aHUS is associated primarily with mutations or autoantibodies leading to dysregulated complement activation...
May 25, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407837/-effects-of-embryonic-lead-exposure-on-food-intake-and-bowel-movement-in-offspring-rats-and-possible-mechanisms
#19
Jian-Ping Zhou, Fan Wang, Xiao-Qing Yi, Xue-Ying Wang, Yong-Sheng Jiang, Yan Geng, Jing-Jing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of embryonic lead exposure on food intake and bowel movement in offspring rats and possible mechanisms. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were given 0.1% (low-dose lead exposure group) or 0.2% (high-dose lead exposure group) lead acetate freely during pregnancy to establish an animal model of embryonic lead exposure. A blank control group was also established. The male offspring rats were enrolled in the study, and 10 male offspring rats from each group were selected to observe the changes in food intake, bowel movement, gastric emptying, intestine propulsion, and pathological inflammatory response in the gastric mucosa...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399458/the-role-of-maternal-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-prior-to-and-during-pregnancy-and-perinatal-psychopathological-symptoms-for-early-infant-diseases-and-drug-administration
#20
Linda Krause, Franziska Einsle, Johanna Petzoldt, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Julia Martini
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health prior to and during pregnancy has been shown to be associated with inflammatory diseases and gastrointestinal complaints in the offspring. Unfortunately, many studies merely focused on perinatal distress without consideration of lifetime anxiety and depressive disorders. AIMS: To prospectively investigate associations of anxiety and depressive disorders prior to and during pregnancy as well as perinatal distress with infants' inflammatory diseases, gastrointestinal complaints and corresponding drug administration...
April 8, 2017: Early Human Development
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