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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776689/on-the-nexus-of-air-pollution-and-health-expenditures-new-empirical-evidence
#1
Carla Blázquez-Fernández, David Cantarero-Priento, Marta Pascual-Sáez
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact of per capita income and environmental air quality variables on health expenditure determinants. METHOD: In this study, we analyse the relationship between air pollution and health expenditure in 29 OECD countries over the period 1995-2014. In addition, we test whether our findings differ between countries with higher or lower incomes. RESULTS: The econometric results show that per capita income has a positive effect on health expenditure, but is not as statistically significant as expected when lag-time is incorporated...
May 15, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776356/policy-development-and-challenges-of-global-mental-health-a-systematic-review-of-published-studies-of-national-level-mental-health-policies
#2
Wei Zhou, Yu Yu, Mei Yang, Lizhang Chen, Shuiyuan Xiao
BACKGROUND: Mental health policy can be an essential and powerful tool to improve a population's mental health. However, around one third of countries do not possess a mental health policy, and there are large disparities in population coverage rates between high- and low-income countries. The goal of this study is to identify the transition and implementation challenges of mental health policies in both high-income countries (HICs) as well as middle- and low-income countries (MLICs)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769100/what-did-the-go4health-policy-research-project-contribute-to-the-policy-discourse-on-the-sustainable-development-goals-a-reflexive-review
#3
REVIEW
Vannarath Te, Nadia Floden, Sameera Hussain, Claire E Brolan, Peter S Hill
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the European Commission funded Go4Health-Goals and Governance for Global Health, a consortium of 13 academic research and human rights institutions from both Global North and South-to track the evolution of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and provide ongoing policy advice. This paper reviews the research outputs published between 2012 and 2016, analyzing the thematic content of the publications, and the influence on global health and development discourse through citation metrics...
May 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768107/does-expanding-fiscal-space-lead-to-improved-funding-of-the-health-sector-in-developing-countries-lessons-from-kenya-lagos-state-nigeria-and-south-africa
#4
Jane Doherty, Doris Kirigia, Chijioke Okoli, Jane Chuma, N Ezumah, Hyacinth Ichoku, Kara Hanson, Diane McIntyre
BACKGROUND: The global focus on promoting Universal Health Coverage has drawn attention to the need to increase public domestic funding for health care in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: This article examines whether increased tax revenue in the three territories of Kenya, Lagos State (Nigeria) and South Africa was accompanied by improved resource allocation to their public health sectors, and explores the reasons underlying the observed trends. METHODS: Three case studies were conducted by different research teams using a common mixed methods approach...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765565/the-rediscovery-of-the-social-side-of-medicine-philosophy-and-value-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#5
EDITORIAL
Wolfgang Seger
Medicine is at risk of sliding into a sole repair service for the malfunction of organs. But the patients' hope and confidence towards doctors practicing this repair work go far beyond that: after acute medical treatment many patients suffer from chronic impairments due to the natural course of the disease or as a result of medical interventions. Despite resulting handicaps, patients aim at participating in family and social life, retaining a workplace and receiving support to remain a valued member of the family and the community...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758022/determinants-of-hardship-financing-in-coping-with-out-of-pocket-payment-for-care-seeking-of-under-five-children-in-selected-rural-areas-of-bangladesh
#6
Tazeen Tahsina, Nazia Binte Ali, Md Abu Bakkar Siddique, Sameen Ahmed, Mubashshira Rahman, Sajia Islam, Md Mezanur Rahman, Bushra Amena, D M Emdadul Hoque, Tanvir M Huda, Shams El Arifeen
BACKGROUND: Around 63% of total health care expenditure in Bangladesh is mitigated through out of pocket payment (OOP). Heavy reliance on OOP at the time of care seeking poses great threat for financial impoverishment of the households. Households employ different strategies to cope with the associated financial hardship. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to understand the determinants of hardship financing in coping with OOP adopted for health care seeking of under five childhood illnesses in rural setting of Bangladesh...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757040/cost-savings-for-biosimilars-in-the-united-states-a-theoretical-framework-and-budget-impact-case-study-application-using-filgrastim
#7
Simrun Grewal, Scott Ramsey, Sanjeev Balu, Josh J Carlson
OBJECTIVE: Biosimilars can directly reduce the cost of treating patients for whom a reference biologic is indicated by offering a highly similar, lower priced alternative. We examine factors related to biosimilar regulatory approval, uptake, pricing, and financing and the potential impact on drug expenditures in the U.S. METHODS: We developed a framework to illustrate how key factors including regulatory policies, provider and patient perception, pricing, and payer policies impact biosimilar cost-savings...
May 14, 2018: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751807/assessment-of-modern-contraceptives-continuation-switching-and-discontinuation-among-clients-in-pakistan-study-protocol-of-24-months-post-family-planning-voucher-intervention-follow-up
#8
Moazzam Ali, Syed Khurram Azmat, Hasan Bin Hamza
BACKGROUND: Pakistan has the second highest fertility rate in South Asia and its increasing population growth presents a significant challenge for country's path to progress and development. Modern contraceptive methods only account for a slow-rising 26% of use in Pakistan which is further lowest in the underserved areas (< 20%), with a high unmet need for family planning (20%). The David and Lucile Packard Foundation USA and Pakistan funded two operational research projects from 2012 to 2015, that employed a Demand-side Financing (DSF) approach testing the effectiveness of single and multi-purpose voucher schemes in increasing access and uptake of FP services and products among the women of two-lowest income quintiles in the Punjab province of Pakistan...
May 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743054/australian-integrative-oncology-services-a-mixed-method-study-exploring-the-views-of-cancer-survivors
#9
Jennifer Hunter, Jane Ussher, Chloe Parton, Andrew Kellett, Caroline Smith, Geoff Delaney, Eleanor Oyston
BACKGROUND: The significant use of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) by cancer survivors is well documented. The aim of this study was to explore cancer survivors' views on integrating T&CM services with conventional cancer care. METHOD: A mixed-method study design with an emphasis on qualitative methodology was used to conduct and analyse four focus group interviews and an on-line survey. Purposive sampling recruited 33 cancer survivors and caregivers from Arabic, Vietnamese, Chinese and Anglo-European Australian backgrounds who participated in one of four focus group interviews, and 121 cancer survivors who responded to an on-line survey...
May 9, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736273/evaluating-the-impact-of-a-maternal-health-voucher-programme-on-service-use-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-free-maternity-services-in-kenya-a-quasi-experimental-study
#10
Mardieh L Dennis, Timothy Abuya, Oona Maeve Renee Campbell, Lenka Benova, Angela Baschieri, Matteo Quartagno, Benjamin Bellows
Introduction: From 2006 to 2016, the Government of Kenya implemented a reproductive health voucher programme in select counties, providing poor women subsidised access to public and private sector care. In June 2013, the government introduced a policy calling for free maternity services to be provided in all public facilities. The concurrent implementation of these interventions presents an opportunity to provide new insights into how users adapt to a changing health financing and service provision landscape...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733380/systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-smoking-following-release-from-smoke-free-prisons
#11
Cheneal Puljevic, Catherine J Segan
Introduction: Given the current proliferation of prison smoke-free policies internationally, and the multiple benefits of continued smoking abstinence for correctional populations, improved understanding of factors influencing post-release smoking abstinence is required to inform support strategies aimed at individuals exiting smoke-free prisons. Methods: We systematically searched health, social science, and criminal justice databases for studies relating to smoking behaviours among people released from smoke-free prisons...
May 4, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716606/the-impact-of-orthopaedic-research-evidence-on-health-financing-in-australia
#12
Martin Hua, Daniel Myers, Lachlan Host
BACKGROUND: In Australia, approval by the Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) is an important step in the implementation of new health technologies. The MSAC considers health technology assessments (HTA) when submitting a recommendation to the Minister of Health on a new technology's suitability for public funding. Despite being such a critical tool in formulating policy, there has been little scrutiny on the impact of limited evidence on the performance of a national HTA agency's mandate...
May 2, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713474/the-belgian-commitment-to-pharmaceutical-quality-a-model-policy-to-improve-quality-assurance-of-medicines-available-through-humanitarian-and-development-programs
#13
EDITORIAL
Raffaella Ravinetto, Tim Roosen, Catherine Dujardin
Today, a combination of globalization of pharmaceutical production, lack of regulatory harmonization, and weakness of Medicines Regulatory Authorities, creates the "perfect conditions" for poor-quality medicine to circulate in the global market and to penetrate the less-regulated countries. Medicines regulation is the responsibility of the national regulatory authorities in the recipient country, but in the poorer countries, in practice, the responsibility of supply of quality-assured medicines is often taken by Non-Governmental Organizations and other implementers...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700849/have-out-of-pocket-health-care-payments-risen-under-free-health-care-policy-the-case-of-sri-lanka
#14
Asankha Pallegedara, Michael Grimm
Compared to its neighbors, Sri Lanka performs well in terms of health. Health care is provided for free in the public sector, yet households' out-of-pocket health expenditures are steadily increasing. We explore whether this increase can be explained by supply shortages and insufficient public health care financing or whether it is rather the result of an income-induced demand for supplementary and higher quality services from the private sector. We focus on total health care expenditures and health care expenditures for specific services such as expenses on private outpatient treatments and expenses on laboratory and other diagnostic services...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694537/health-services-management-modalities-in-the-brazilian-unified-national-health-system-a-narrative-review-of-research-production-in-public-health-2005-2016
#15
Antonio Franco Ravioli, Patrícia Coelho De Soárez, Mário César Scheffer
The current study aimed to systematically analyze trends and priorities in the theoretical and conceptual approaches and empirical studies on specific health services management modalities in the Brazilian Unified National Health System. A narrative review of the literature identified, in 33 publications, the location and nature of services, management models, methodological procedures, and study outcomes. The research deals mainly with the models' conceptual and legal characteristics and management practices, in addition to addressing contracts, procurement, human resources, financing, and control mechanisms...
2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667385/chance-of-reimbursement-for-add-on-therapies-in-poland-and-in-the-world-review-of-the-reimbursement-recommendations
#16
Ewa Borowiack, Magdalena Marzec, Anna Nowotarska, Joanna Jarosz, Agata Orkisz, Patrycja Prząda-Machno
INTRODUCTION: Oncology drugs combined with standard therapies (so-called add-on therapies, e.g. bevacizumab, palbociclib) often receive negative recommendations regarding the legitimacy of public financing, issued by government agencies responsible for their assessment, i.e. health technology assessment agencies. The aim of the study was to estimate the scale of the problem related to the reimbursement of add-on therapies used in the treatment of breast and genitourinary cancers in Poland and in the world...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664956/you-pray-to-your-god-a-qualitative-analysis-of-challenges-in-the-provision-of-safe-timely-and-affordable-surgical-care-in-uganda
#17
Katherine Albutt, Rachel R Yorlets, Maria Punchak, Peter Kayima, Didacus B Namanya, Geoffrey A Anderson, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Five billion people lack access to safe, affordable, and timely surgical and anesthesia care. Significant challenges remain in the provision of surgical care in low-resource settings. Uganda is no exception. METHODS: From September to November 2016, we conducted a mixed-methods countrywide surgical capacity assessment at 17 randomly selected public hospitals in Uganda. Researchers conducted 35 semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders to understand factors related to the provision of surgical care...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649115/public-health-care-financing-and-the-costs-of-cancer-care-a-cross-national-analysis
#18
Ana Iolanda Voda, Ionel Bostan
Expenditure and financing aspects in the healthcare system in general, and in cancer care in particular, are subjects of increasing concern to the medical community. Nowadays, it is imperative for the healthcare system to respond to the challenge of universal access to quality healthcare, by measuring the financial resources within the healthcare sector. The purpose of this review is to highlight the major gaps in the healthcare expenditures for all types of care, as well as on cancer and anti-cancer drugs across 28 European Union member states...
April 12, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625958/economic-recession-and-obesity-related-internet-search-behavior-in-taiwan-analysis-of-google-trends-data
#19
Ho-Wei Wang, Duan-Rung Chen
BACKGROUND: Obesity is highly correlated with the development of chronic diseases and has become a critical public health issue that must be countered by aggressive action. This study determined whether data from Google Trends could provide insight into trends in obesity-related search behaviors in Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: Using Google Trends, we examined how changes in economic conditions-using business cycle indicators as a proxy-were associated with people's internet search behaviors related to obesity awareness, health behaviors, and fast food restaurants...
April 6, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624138/the-role-of-academic-health-centres-in-improving-health-equity-a-systematic-review
#20
Alexandra Edelman, Judy Taylor, Pavel V Ovseiko, Stephanie M Topp
Purpose Academic health centres (AHCs) are organisations that pursue a "tripartite" mission to deliver high-quality care to patients, undertake clinical and laboratory research, and train future health professionals. The last decade has seen a global spread of AHC models and a growing interest in the role of AHCs in addressing health system equity. The purpose of this paper is to synthesise and critically appraise the evidence on the role of AHCs in improving health equity. Design/methodology/approach Peer-reviewed and grey literature published in English between 2000 and 2016 were searched...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
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