keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Public financing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164093/application-of-the-intervention-mapping-framework-to-develop-an-integrated-twenty-first-century-core-curriculum-part-three-curriculum-implementation-and-evaluation
#1
Jaime A Corvin, Rita DeBate, Kate Wolfe-Quintero, Donna J Petersen
Public health professionals have been challenged to radically reform public health training to meet evolving demands of twenty-first century public health. Such a transformation requires a systems thinking approach with an interdisciplinary focus on problem solving, leadership, management and teamwork, technology and information, budgeting and finance, and communication. This article presents processes for implementing and evaluating a revised public health curriculum and outlines lessons learned from this initiative...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160447/financing-of-pharmaceutical-services-in-the-municipal-management-of-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#2
Daniel Resende Faleiros, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Juliana Álvares, Renata Cristina Rezende Macedo do Nascimento, Ediná Alves Costa, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Karen Sarmento Costa, Augusto Afonso Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To discuss factors related to the financing of the Basic Component of Pharmaceutical Services within the municipal management of the Brazilian Unified Health System. METHODS: The Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos no Brasil - Serviços (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services) is a cross-sectional, exploratory, and evaluative study that performed an information survey in a representative sample, stratified by Brazilian regions It considered different study populations in the sampling plan, which represent primary health care services in the cities...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160437/access-and-adherence-to-medication-among-people-with-diabetes-in-brazil-evidences-from-pnaum
#3
Micheline Marie Milward de Azevedo Meiners, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Luciano Santos Pinto Guimarães, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Vera Lucia Luiza, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Edgar Merchan-Hamann
OBJECTIVE: To describe people with diabetes in Brazil and to compare their sociodemographic characteristics, access and self-reported adherence to diabetes prescribed drugs. METHODS: Data analysis from the National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of the Rational Use of Medicines, a household survey, with sampling by clusters, according to sex and age domains and national and macro-regional representativeness. Adults (≥ 20 years old) who reported having diabetes constituted the sample...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158863/south-south-cooperation-as-a-mechanism-to-strengthen-public-health-services-in-africa-experiences-challenges-and-a-call-for-concerted-action
#4
Olushayo Olu, Amos Petu, Martin Ovberedjo, Diane Muhongerwa
Implementation of new models of development cooperation have been on the increase lately. Coupled with this are calls for use of horizontal development cooperation mechanisms such as South-South Cooperation (SSC) as a way to enhance aid effectiveness in the health sector of developing countries. In this case series, we review recent experiences in the application of SSC initiatives to two public health situations in Africa to demonstrate the veracity of this new paradigm. Our review highlight the immense benefits associated with the use of SSC for health and provide evidence for increasing use of horizontal development coordination mechanisms to strengthen public health services delivery and socioeconomic development among African countries...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149314/how-the-introduction-of-a-human-resources-information-system-helped-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-to-mobilise-domestic-resources-for-an-improved-health-workforce
#5
Jean-Robert Likofata Esanga, Claire Viadro, Leah McManus, Jennifer Wesson, Nicaise Matoko, Epiphane Ngumbu, Kate E Gilroy, Daren Trudeau
The Democratic Republic of Congo has flagged health workforce management and compensation as issues requiring attention, including the problem of ghost workers (individuals on payroll who do not exist and/or show up at work). Recognising the need for reliable health workforce information, the government has worked to implement iHRIS, an open source human resources information system that facilitates health workforce management. In Kasaï Central and Kasaï Provinces, health workers brought relevant documentation to data collection points, where trained teams interviewed them and entered contact information, identification, photo, current job, and employment and education history into iHRIS on laptops...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149181/hospital-utilization-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-in-public-and-private-sectors-under-the-universal-government-health-insurance-scheme-in-chhattisgarh-state-india-lessons-for-universal-health-coverage
#6
Sulakshana Nandi, Helen Schneider, Priyanka Dixit
Research on impact of publicly financed health insurance has paid relatively little attention to the nature of healthcare provision the schemes engage. India's National Health Insurance Scheme or RSBY was made universal by Chhattisgarh State in 2012. In the State, public and private sectors provide hospital services in a context of extensive gender, social, economic and geographical inequities. This study examined enrolment, utilization (public and private) and out of pocket (OOP) expenditure for the insured and uninsured, in Chhattisgarh...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148324/the-impacts-of-medicaid-expansion-on-rural-low-income-adults-lessons-from-the-oregon-health-insurance-experiment
#7
Heidi Allen, Bill Wright, Lauren Broffman
Medicaid expansions through the Affordable Care Act began in January 2014, but we have little information about what is happening in rural areas where provider access and patient resources might be more limited. In 2008, Oregon held a lottery for restricted access to its Medicaid program for uninsured low-income adults not otherwise eligible for public coverage. The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment used this opportunity to conduct the first randomized controlled study of a public insurance expansion. This analysis builds off of previous work by comparing rural and urban survey outcomes and adds qualitative interviews with 86 rural study participants for context...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141897/effects-of-health-and-social-care-spending-constraints-on-mortality-in-england-a-time-trend-analysis
#8
Johnathan Watkins, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Charlie Da Zhou, Dominic C Marshall, Guia D C Sylianteng, Phyllis G Dela Rosa, Viveka A Miguel, Rosalind Raine, Lawrence P King, Mahiben Maruthappu
OBJECTIVE: Since 2010, England has experienced relative constraints in public expenditure on healthcare (PEH) and social care (PES). We sought to determine whether these constraints have affected mortality rates. METHODS: We collected data on health and social care resources and finances for England from 2001 to 2014. Time trend analyses were conducted to compare the actual mortality rates in 2011-2014 with the counterfactual rates expected based on trends before spending constraints...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141485/flexible-competency-based-medical-education-more-time-efficient-higher-costs
#9
Tiuri R van Rossum, Fedde Scheele, Henk E Sluiter, Peter J Bosman, Lotte Rijksen, Ide C Heyligers
The financing of postgraduate medical education (PGME) becomes an important topic. PGME is costly, and in most western countries is partly paid by public funding. One of the models that can help to reduce costs is time-variable PGME. Moving to true outcome-based education can lead to more efficient training programs while maintaining educational quality. We analyzed the financial effects of time-variable PGME by identifying the educational activities of PGME programs and comparing the costs and revenues of these activities in gynecology training as an example...
November 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137513/trends-in-the-alignment-and-harmonization-of-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-funding-2008-13
#10
Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Arnab Acharya, Leonardo Arregoces, Lara Brearley, Catherine Pitt, Christopher Grollman, Josephine Borghi
Donor financing to low- and middle-income countries for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health increased substantially from 2008 to 2013. However, increased spending by donors might not improve outcomes, if funds are delivered in ways that undermine countries' public financial management systems and incur high transaction costs for project implementation. We combined quantitative and qualitative methods to examine the quality of funding for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health globally and in Tanzania, based on two principles of aid effectiveness: the alignment of donor financing with the recipient country's public health financial management systems, and donor harmonization for coordinated, transparent, and collectively effective actions...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137510/accountable-care-reforms-improve-women-s-and-children-s-health-in-nepal
#11
Duncan Maru, Sheela Maru, Isha Nirola, Jonathan Gonzalez-Smith, Andrea Thoumi, Prajwol Nepal, Pushpa Chaudary, Indira Basnett, Krishna Udayakumar, Mark McClellan
Over the past decade the Ministry of Health of Nepal and the nonprofit Possible have partnered to deliver primary and secondary health care via a public-private partnership. We applied an accountable care framework that we previously developed to describe the delivery of their integrated reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health services in the Achham district in rural Nepal. In a prospective pre-post study, examining pregnancies at baseline and 541 pregnancies in follow-up over the course of eighteen months, we found an improvement in population-level indicators linked to reducing maternal and infant mortality: receipt of four antenatal care visits (83 percent to 90 percent), institutional birth rate (81 percent to 93 percent), and the prevalence of postpartum contraception (19 percent to 47 percent)...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130265/the-economics-of-public-health-missing-pieces-to-the-puzzle-of-health-system-reform
#12
Glen P Mays, Adam J Atherly, Alan M Zaslavsky
The United States continues to experiment with health care delivery and financing innovations, but relatively little attention is given to the public health system and its capacity for improving health status in the U.S. population at large. The public health system operates as a multisector enterprise in which government agencies work in conjunction with private and voluntary organizations to identify health risks in the population and to mobilize community-wide actions that prevent and contain these risks...
December 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130263/public-health-spending-and-medicare-resource-use-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-u-s-communities
#13
Glen P Mays, Cezar B Mamaril
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether local expenditures for public health activities influence area-level medical spending for Medicare beneficiaries. DATA SOURCES AND SETTING: Six census surveys of the nation's 2,900 local public health agencies were conducted between 1993 and 2013, linked with contemporaneous information on population demographics, socioeconomic characteristics, and area-level Medicare spending estimates from the Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION: Measures derive from agency survey data and aggregated Medicare claims...
December 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122384/strengthening-global-vaccine-access-for-adolescents-and-adults
#14
REVIEW
Angeline Nanni, Stefanie Meredith, Stephanie Gati, Karin Holm, Tom Harmon, Ann Ginsberg
Global immunization efforts to date have heavily focused on infants and children, with noted success on public health. Healthy adolescents and adults contribute to the economic growth and development of countries but efforts to ensure vaccine coverage for these groups receive inadequate global attention and resources. Emerging epidemics for a number of infectious diseases including Ebola, Zika, dengue, malaria and the continuing epidemics of tuberculosis and several sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, HPV and Hepatitis B, have high incidence and prevalence in adolescents and adults...
November 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117642/policy-change-and-the-national-essential-medicines-list-development-process-in-brazil-between-2000-and-2014-has-the-essential-medicine-concept-been-abandoned
#15
Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro, Thiago Botelho Azeredo, Vera Lúcia Edais Pepe, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Sueli Yamauti, Brian Godman, Lars L Gustafsson
Brazil has had a National Essential Medicines List (EML) since 1964. From 2000 to 2010, five consecutive evidence-based editions were produced, building on the essential medicines concept. In 2012, the government changed course to establish a new paradigm, introducing adoption of new medicines as the main aim within the recommendation process. The objective of the paper is to report efforts to develop Brazil's national EML, policy changes from 2000 to 2014, discussing results, challenges and perspectives. Brazilian EML history and development process were collected from legislation, minutes, reports and legal ordinances, from 2000 to 2014...
November 8, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115955/health-financing-and-integration-of-urban-and-rural-residents-basic-medical-insurance-systems-in-china
#16
Kun Zhu, Luying Zhang, Shasha Yuan, Xiaojuan Zhang, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: China is in the process of integrating the new cooperative medical scheme (NCMS) and the urban residents' basic medical insurance system (URBMI) into the urban and rural residents' basic medical insurance system (URRBMI). However, how to integrate the financing policies of NCMS and URBMI has not been described in detail. This paper attempts to illustrate the differences between the financing mechanisms of NCMS and URBMI, to analyze financing inequity between urban and rural residents and to identify financing mechanisms for integrating urban and rural residents' medical insurance systems...
November 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114114/health-professionals-information-for-diagnostics-related-groups-drgs-with-the-use-of-a-website
#17
REVIEW
Aikaterini Bizopoulou, Andrianna Mangita, Costis Chardalias, Panagiotis Coutonias, Marianna Diomidous
Introduction: The aim of this research is to inform the health professionals about the ways of introducing and operating the the Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG's) system in the Hellenic National Health System, through the use of the development technologies. An effort is also made to explore the main dimensions of the implementation of the DRG's system, in specific European-Countries that have both adopted the public coverage schemes and the Bismarck health insurance institutions for countries with extensive experience in their implementation...
September 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113446/the-relationship-between-primary-healthcare-providers-and-their-external-supervisors-in-rwanda
#18
Michael Schriver, Vincent K Cubaka, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Sylvere Itangishaka, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: External supervision of Rwandan primary healthcare facilities unfolds as an interaction between supervisors and healthcare providers. Their relationship has not been thoroughly studied in Rwanda, and rarely in Africa. AIM: To explore perceived characteristics and effects of the relationship between providers in public primary healthcare facilities and their external supervisors in Rwanda. SETTING: We conducted three focus group discussions with primary healthcare providers (n = 16), three with external supervisors (n = 15) and one mixed (n = 5)...
November 1, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102087/availability-cost-and-prescription-patterns-of-antihypertensive-medications-in-primary-health-care-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Meng Su, Qiuli Zhang, Xueke Bai, Chaoqun Wu, Yetong Li, Elias Mossialos, George A Mensah, Frederick A Masoudi, Jiapeng Lu, Xi Li, Sebastian Salas-Vega, Anwen Zhang, Yuan Lu, Khurram Nasir, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Around 200 million adults in China have hypertension, but few are treated or achieve adequate control of their blood pressure. Available and affordable medications are important for successfully controlling hypertension, but little is known about current patterns of access to, and use of, antihypertensive medications in Chinese primary health care. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide cross-sectional survey (the China Patient-Centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events Million Persons Project primary health care survey), which was undertaken between November, 2016 and May, 2017, to assess the availability, cost, and prescription patterns of 62 antihypertensive medications at primary health-care sites across 31 Chinese provinces...
October 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100497/the-macro-economic-determinants-of-health-and-health-inequalities-umbrella-review-protocol
#20
Yannish Naik, Peter Baker, Ian Walker, Taavi Tillmann, Kristin Bash, Darryl Quantz, Frances Hillier-Brown, Clare Bambra
BACKGROUND: The economic determinants of health have been widely recognised as crucial factors affecting health; however, to date, no comprehensive review has been undertaken to summarise these factors and the ways in which they can influence health. We conceptualise the economy as a complex system made up of underlying approaches, regulation from institutions, markets, finance, labour, the public-private balance as well as production and distributional effects, which collectively impact on health through the effect of moderators...
November 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
56939
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"