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Public financing

Lorna Awo Renner, Deborah McGill
BACKGROUND: Developing countries such as Ghana have very poor childhood cancer survival rates. There is a need to determine reasons for late presentation and treatment abandonment which are major causes of poor survival. Understanding these issues could inform effective strategies for childhood cancer control in resource-constrained settings. AIM: To explore factors influencing parental decision-making for children with cancer in Ghana with regard to health seeking and retention in treatment, in order to provide information that will guide Public Health interventions for childhood cancer control...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
D Wayne Taylor
Canadians need to talk about their healthcare, about who pays for what, when. Lack of money is not the issue; how that money is spent is the issue-what public healthcare is covering and not covering. The same dollar amount can be spent quite differently and more effectively. The 1950s first-dollar, single-payor decision shifted the burden from the individual to government, but a lot has changed since the 1950s. Today Medicare is not universal, comprehensive, reasonably accessible, or portable. With residual constitutional power residing in Ottawa, there is no reason for the fragmentation and inequalities facing Canadians...
October 15, 2016: Healthcare Management Forum
Paola Friedrich, Catherine G Lam, Geetinder Kaur, Elena Itriago, Raul C Ribeiro, Ramandeep S Arora
BACKGROUND: Understanding and addressing treatment abandonment (TxA) is crucial for bridging the pediatric cancer survival gap between high-income (HIC) and low-and middle-income countries (LMC). In childhood cancer, TxA is defined as failure to start or complete curative cancer therapy and known to be a complex phenomenon. With rising interest on causes and consequences of TxA in LMC, this study aimed to establish the lay-of-the-land regarding determinants of TxA globally, perform and promote comparative research, and raise awareness on this subject...
2016: PloS One
Jocelyn Bessette Gorlin, Cynthia Peden McAlpine, Ann Garwick, Elizabeth Wieling
This research examined the experiences of families living with a child with severe autism. There is limited literature on the experiences of families when a child has severe autism as distinct from milder autism and includes the voices of multiple family members. Van Manen's phenomenological approach was used for data collection and analysis. This approach allowed for the use of innovative data sources, including unstructured individual and family interviews, observations, and family lifelines (a pictorial, temporal picture with comments of the families lives)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Lauren Arnesen, Pablo Durán, Juan Silva, Luisa Brumana
Objective To consolidate available information from the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region on 1) national incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and 2) national-level government inputs on ROP (existing national policies, guidelines, programs, and financing for ROP prevention, detection, and treatment, including ROP screening) in 2014. Methods In March and April 2015, a multi-country online survey was distributed to 56 medical and public health experts working on ROP in LAC countries. Respondents were instructed to provide quantitative and qualitative information representative of the national situation in 2014 for ROP incidence and national-level government inputs (existing national policies, guidelines, programs, and financing for ROP prevention, detection, and treatment, including ROP screening) in their country...
June 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
João Batista Silva Júnior, Daphne Rattner, Rita de Cássia Azevedo Martins
Objective To describe the sanitary status of Brazilian blood establishments (BE) assessed by the national health surveillance system in 2013. Method In the present descriptive study, the sanitary profile of BE was assessed using the Blood Establishment Potential Risk Assessment Method (Método de Avaliação de Risco Potencial de Serviços de Hemoterapia, MARPSH), developed by the National Sanitary Surveillance Agency (Anvisa). The MARPSH involves the evaluation of 471 structure and process items to produce an assessment of potential risk associated with critical control points in the blood cycle (vein-to-vein)...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Yuanyuan Ma, Anne Nolan
The use of direct out-of-pocket payments to finance general practitioner (GP) care by the majority of the population in Ireland is unusual in a European context. Currently, approximately 40% of the population have means-tested access to free GP care, while the remainder must pay the full out-of-pocket cost. In this paper, we use data from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) to examine the impact of the current system of public healthcare entitlements on GP utilisation among the older population. Using difference-in-difference propensity score matching methods, we find significant effects of changes in public healthcare entitlements on GP utilisation (i...
October 3, 2016: Health Economics
Rochelle Steven, James C R Smart, Clare Morrison, J Guy Castley
Conservation of biodiversity, including birds, continues to challenge natural area managers. Stated preference methods (e.g. choice experiments - CE) are increasingly used to provide data for natural ecosystem valuations. Here we use a CE to calculate birders' willingness to pay for different levels of bio-ecological attributes (threatened species, endemic species and diversity) of birding sites, with hypothetical entry fees. The CE was delivered at popular birding and avitourism sites in Australia and the United Kingdom...
October 3, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Omer Ben-Aharon, Oren Shavit, Racheli Magnezi
BACKGROUND: Increasing health costs in developed countries are a major concern for decision makers. A variety of cost containment tools are used to control this trend, including maximum price regulation and reimbursement methods for health technologies. Information regarding expenditure-related outcomes of these tools is not available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between different cost-regulating mechanisms and national health expenditures in selected countries...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
Arturo Vargas Bustamante
For more than three decades healthcare decentralization has been promoted in developing countries as a way of improving the financing and delivery of public healthcare. Decision autonomy under healthcare decentralization would determine the role and scope of responsibility of local authorities. Jalal Mohammed, Nicola North, and Toni Ashton analyze decision autonomy within decentralized services in Fiji. They conclude that the narrow decision space allowed to local entities might have limited the benefits of decentralization on users and providers...
June 7, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Michelle Remme, Mariana Siapka, Olivier Sterck, Mthuli Ncube, Charlotte Watts, Anna Vassall
Despite optimism about the end of AIDS, the HIV response requires sustained financing into the future. Given flat-lining international aid, countries' willingness and ability to shoulder this responsibility will be central to access to HIV care. This paper examines the potential to expand public HIV financing, and the extent to which governments have been utilising these options. We develop and compare a normative and empirical approach. First, with data from the 14 most HIV-affected countries in sub-Saharan Africa, we estimate the potential increase in public HIV financing from economic growth, increased general revenue generation, greater health and HIV prioritisation, as well as from more unconventional and innovative sources, including borrowing, health-earmarked resources, efficiency gains, and complementary non-HIV investments...
September 19, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Hector Eduardo Castro Jaramillo, Mireille Goetghebeur, Ornella Moreno-Mattar
OBJECTIVES: In 2012, Colombia experienced an important institutional transformation after the establishment of the Health Technology Assessment Institute (IETS), the disbandment of the Regulatory Commission for Health and the reassignment of reimbursement decision-making powers to the Ministry of Health and Social Protection (MoHSP). These dynamic changes provided the opportunity to test Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) for systematic and more transparent resource-allocation decision-making...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Ali Montazeri, Sahand Riazi-Isfahani, Behzad Damari
BACKGROUND: Social issues have prominent effects on the peoples' physical and mental health and on the health risk factors. In Iran, many organizations provide social care services to their target population. This study aimed to explore the roles and functions of Primary Health Care (PHC) system in providing social care services in Iran. METHODS: This was a qualitative study, for which data were collected via three sources: A review of the literature, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with experts and stakeholders...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Aila Hoss, Akshara Menon, Liza Corso
CONTEXT: Public health enabling authorities establish the legal foundation for financing, organizing, and delivering public health services. State laws vary in terms of the content, depth, and breadth of these fundamental public health activities. Given this variance, the Institute of Medicine has identified state public health laws as an area that requires further examination. To respond to this call for further examination, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public Health Law Program conducted a fundamental activities legal assessment on state public health laws...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Sylwia Nieszporska
Since 1999, Polish health policy has changed, the quality of services has increased, and also the level of financing, mainly from public benefits. Despite constant growth of indexes reflecting the health status of Polish society, such as life expectancy, quality of life, or decreasing index of deaths at birth, just as in the majority of European countries, in Poland the society is growing older, which implies the necessity to reorganize the system. In this paper, the author has described the most important factors that determine the operation of the health system in Poland, as well as presents the ways it was restructured over the last few years, taking into consideration the structural, legislative, financial, organizational, and quantitative aspects...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
Jean-Pascal Devailly, Laurence Josse
OBJECTIVE: In all countries, the boundaries are ambiguous between acute and post-acute as well as defining the dimensions of care. The aim of this study is to analyze relations between segmentation of care and payment systems. In the new prospective payment system implemented in French SSR, the grouping unit is inpatient stay and the week for day hospitalization. In 1991, the field of SSR mixed structures as diverse in their purposes as public or private hospital units of rehabilitation and "nursing homes"...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Claire Croteau
People with aphasia (PWA) and their loved ones claim that one of their biggest needs is to develop efficient means to communicate better "together". Researchers suggest that conversation partner training (CPT), a training for a PWA and a loved one aiming to use communication strategies in conversations, would be most promising regarding this need (e.g. Simmons-Mackie et al., 2010). The purpose of this presentation is to report the development and the home services organisation of the social speech-language pathology part of the "service aux proches d'une personne aphasique" (SAPPA; services to caregivers of a person with aphasia)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Reinhold Kerbl, Georg Ziniel, Petra Winkler, Claudia Habl, Rudolf Püspök, Franz Waldhauser
We describe child health care in Austria, a small country in Central Europe with a population of about 9 million inhabitants of whom approximately 1.7 million are children and adolescents under the age of 20 years. For children and adolescents, few health care indicators are available. Pediatric and adolescent health provision, such as overall health provision, follows a complex system with responsibilities shared by the Ministry of Health, 19 social insurance funds, provinces, and other key players. Several institutions are affiliated with or cooperate with the Ministry of Health to assure quality control...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Björn Wettergren, Margareta Blennow, Anders Hjern, Olle Söder, Jonas F Ludvigsson
On a national level, several factors are responsible for Sweden's leading position in achieving the excellent health of children because Sweden has experienced a long history of peace and success in establishing a parliamentary democracy throughout the 20th century. Among the different sectors of society, Sweden has been able to focus on prevention and health promotion. The Swedish health care system is publicly financed based on local taxation. Pediatricians working in secondary and tertiary care are employed by the public sector, whereas family physicians are employed by both the private and public sectors...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Tsegahun Manyazewal, Martha J Oosthuizen, Mokgadi C Matlakala
OBJECTIVES: Many resource-limited countries have adopted and implemented healthcare reform to improve the quality of healthcare, but few have had much impact and strategies in support of these efforts remain limited. We aimed to explore and propose evidence-based strategies to strengthen implementation of healthcare reform in resource-limited settings. DESIGN: Descriptive and exploratory designs in two phases. Phase I involved assessing the effectiveness of the healthcare reform implemented in Ethiopia in the form of business process reengineering, with evidence compiled from healthcare professionals through a self-administered questionnaire; and phase II involved proposing strategies and seeking consensus from experts using Delphi method...
2016: BMJ Open
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