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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918573/benchmarking-the-cost-per-person-of-mass-treatment-for-selected-neglected-tropical-diseases-an-approach-based-on-literature-review-and-meta-regression-with-web-based-software-application
#1
Christopher Fitzpatrick, Fiona M Fleming, Matthew Madin-Warburton, Timm Schneider, Filip Meheus, Kingsley Asiedu, Anthony W Solomon, Antonio Montresor, Gautam Biswas
BACKGROUND: Advocacy around mass treatment for the elimination of selected Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) has typically put the cost per person treated at less than US$ 0.50. Whilst useful for advocacy, the focus on a single number misrepresents the complexity of delivering "free" donated medicines to about a billion people across the world. We perform a literature review and meta-regression of the cost per person per round of mass treatment against NTDs. We develop a web-based software application (https://healthy...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909582/ebola-research-funding-a-systematic-analysis-1997-2015
#2
Joseph Ra Fitchett, Amos Lichtman, Damilola T Soyode, Ariel Low, Jimena Villar de Onis, Michael G Head, Rifat Atun
BACKGROUND: The latest outbreak of Ebola in West Africa overwhelmed the affected countries, with the impact on health extending far beyond Ebola-related deaths that have exceeded 11 000. The need to promptly mobilise resources to control emerging infections is widely recognized. Yet, data on research funding for emerging infections remains inadequately documented. METHODS: We defined research investment as all funding flows for Ebola and/or Marburg virus from 1997 to April 2015 whose primary purpose was to advance knowledge and new technologies to prevent or cure disease...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909581/expansion-of-health-insurance-in-moldova-and-associated-improvements-in-access-and-reductions-in-direct-payments
#3
Thomas Hone, Jarno Habicht, Silviu Domente, Rifat Atun
BACKGROUND: Moldova is the poorest country in Europe. Economic constraints mean that Moldova faces challenges in protecting individuals from excessive costs, improving population health and securing health system sustainability. The Moldovan government has introduced a state benefit package and expanded health insurance coverage to reduce the burden of health care costs for citizens. This study examines the effects of expanded health insurance by examining factors associated with health insurance coverage, likelihood of incurring out-of-pocket (OOP) payments for medicines or services, and the likelihood of forgoing health care when unwell...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905941/financing-strategies-to-improve-essential-public-health-equalization-and-its-effects-in-china
#4
Li Yang, Li Sun, Liankui Wen, Huyang Zhang, Chenyang Li, Kara Hanson, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, China launched a health reform to promote the equalization of national essential public health services package (NEPHSP). The present study aimed to describe the financing strategies and mechanisms to improve access to public health for all, identify the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches, and showed evidence on equity improvement among different regions. METHODS: We reviewed the relevant literatures and identified 208 articles after screening and quality assessment and conducted six key informants' interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894474/-telemedicine-in-current-nursing-practices
#5
Pierre Simon
The first priority telemedicine programme focused, from 2011, on five areas, with the aim of guaranteeing equal access to care to everybody across a healthcare region. Experiments were financed by public authorities. These practices are now integrated into the organisation of healthcare.
November 2016: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885045/how-canada-s-asbestos-industry-was-defeated-in-quebec
#6
Kathleen Ruff
Less than a decade ago, the Quebec asbestos industry enjoyed support from all the political parties in the Canadian House of Commons and the Quebec National Assembly, as well as from business and union organizations. Two lobby organizations (Chrysotile Institute and International Chrysotile Association) had significant global impact in promoting asbestos use and defeating asbestos ban efforts in developing countries. Quebec's two asbestos mines planned to expand operations and make Quebec the second biggest global asbestos exporter...
November 23, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854522/evidence-and-health-policy-using-and-regulating-systematic-reviews
#7
Daniel M Fox
Systematic reviews have, increasingly, informed policy for almost 3 decades. In many countries, systematic reviews have informed policy for public and population health, paying for health care, increasing the quality and efficiency of interventions, and improving the effectiveness of health sector professionals and the organizations in which they work. Systematic reviews also inform other policy areas: criminal justice, education, social welfare, and the regulation of toxins in the environment. Although the production and use of systematic reviews has steadily increased, many clinicians, public health officials, representatives of commercial organizations, and, consequently, policymakers who are responsive to them, have been reluctant to use these reviews to inform policy; others have actively opposed using them...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843843/out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-surgical-and-nonsurgical-conditions-in-odisha
#8
Sarit Kumar Rout, Kirti Sundar Sahu, Subhashisa Swain, Sanghamitra Pati
BACKGROUND: Out of pocket expenditure (OOPE) for any illness is still a major problem in India. Several evidence is available regarding growing OOPE and its impact on household poverty. However, limited evidence is there regarding OOPE on multiple disease conditions in public hospitals. AIM: To estimate the OOPE for various hospitalized conditions at the secondary level of care in Odisha and find out various financial coping mechanisms adopted by the patients. METHODS: The primary survey was done in the secondary care hospitals in the two districts of Odisha using a semi-structured interview schedule...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836014/is-the-un-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-impacting-mental-health-laws-and-policies-in-high-income-countries-a-case-study-of-implementation-in-canada
#9
EDITORIAL
Steven J Hoffman, Lathika Sritharan, Ali Tejpar
BACKGROUND: Persons with psychosocial disabilities face disparate access to healthcare and social services worldwide, along with systemic discrimination, structural inequalities, and widespread human rights abuses. Accordingly, many people have looked to international human rights law to help address mental health challenges. On December 13, 2006, the United Nations formally adopted the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) - the first human rights treaty of the 21st century and the fastest ever negotiated...
November 11, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834247/using-green-building-as-a-model-for-making-health-promotion-standard-in-the-built-environment
#10
Matthew J Trowbridge, Kelly Worden, Christopher Pyke
The built environment-the constructed physical parts of the places where people live and work-is a powerful determinant of both individual and population health. Awareness of the link between place and health is growing within the public health sector and among built environment decision makers working in design, construction, policy, and both public and private finance. However, these decision makers lack the knowledge, tools, and capacity to ensure that health and well-being are routinely considered across all sectors of the built environment...
November 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834246/pay-for-success-and-population-health-early-results-from-eleven-projects-reveal-challenges-and-promise
#11
Paula M Lantz, Sara Rosenbaum, Leighton Ku, Samantha Iovan
Pay for success (PFS) is a type of social impact investing that uses private capital to finance proven prevention programs that help a government reduce public expenditures or achieve greater value. We conducted an analysis of the first eleven PFS projects in the United States to investigate the potential of PFS as a strategy for financing and disseminating interventions aimed at improving population health and health equity. The PFS approach has significant potential for bringing private-sector resources to interventions regarding social determinants of health...
November 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831781/the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-system-in-china-trends-from-2002-2012
#12
Chengyue Li, Mei Sun, Ying Wang, Li Luo, Mingzhu Yu, Yu Zhang, Hua Wang, Peiwu Shi, Zheng Chen, Jian Wang, Yueliang Lu, Qi Li, Xinhua Wang, Zhenqiang Bi, Ming Fan, Liping Fu, Jingjin Yu, Mo Hao
OBJECTIVES: To assess the improvements of the Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCs) system between 2002 and 2012, and problems the system has encountered. METHODS: We obtained data from 2 national cross-sectional surveys in 2006 and 2013, including 32 provincial, 139 municipal, and 489 county-level CDCs throughout China. We performed a pre-post comparative analysis to determine trends in resource allocation and service delivery. RESULTS: The overall completeness of public health services significantly increased from 47...
December 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831620/-health-sector-reform-in-peru-law-governance-universal-coverage-and-responses-to-health-risks
#13
Aníbal Velásquez, Dalia Suarez, Edgardo Nepo-Linares
In 2013, Peru initiated a reform process under the premise of recognizing the nature of health as a right that must be protected by the state. This reform aimed to improve health conditions through the elimination or reduction of restrictions preventing the full exercise of this right, and the consequent approach aimed to protect both individual and public health and rights within a framework characterized by strengthened stewardship and governance, which would allow system conduction and effective responses to risks and emergencies...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830645/thoughts-about-dying-in-america-enhancing-the-impact-of-one-s-life-journey-and-legacy-by-also-planning-for-the-end-of-life
#14
Philip A Pizzo
This Perspective offers a summary of the recommendations in the Institute of Medicine report Dying in America How we die is a deeply personal issue that each of us will face. However, the approach to end-of-life (EOL) care in the United States needs improvement. Too frequently, healthcare delivery is uncoordinated and has many providers who are not adequately prepared to have meaningful conversations about EOL planning. This is amplified by payment systems and policies that create impediments, misunderstanding, and sometimes misinformation...
November 8, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828677/innovation-development-and-financing-of-institutions-of-higher-education-in-health
#15
Mario Roberto Dal Poz, Maria Helena Costa Couto, Thais de Andrade Vidaurre Franco
The article analyzes the configuration and trends in institutions of Higher Education and their relationship as components of the Health Economic-Industrial Complex (HEIC). The expansion of higher education is part of the transition from elite to mass systems, with tensions between quantitative and qualitative aspects. Such changes reflect different cultures and are related to international phenomena such as globalization, economic transformations, the development of new information and communication technologies, and the emergence of an international knowledge network...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821155/psychiatric-readmissions-and-their-association-with-environmental-and-health-system-characteristics-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
Jorid Kalseth, Eva Lassemo, Kristian Wahlbeck, Peija Haaramo, Jon Magnussen
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric readmissions have been studied at length. However, knowledge about how environmental and health system characteristics affect readmission rates is scarce. This paper systemically reviews and discusses the impact of health and social systems as well as environmental characteristics for readmission after discharge from inpatient care for patients with a psychiatric diagnosis. METHODS: Comprehensive literature searches were conducted in the electronic bibliographic databases Ovid Medline, PsycINFO, ProQuest Health Management and OpenGrey...
November 7, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816382/factors-perceived-as-influencing-local-health-department-involvement-in-mental-health
#17
Jonathan Purtle, Rachel Peters, Jennifer Kolker, Ann C Klassen
INTRODUCTION: Local health departments (LHDs) are potentially well positioned to implement population-based approaches to mental health promotion, but research indicates that most LHDs are not substantively engaged in activities to address mental health. Little is known about factors that influence if and how LHDs address population mental health. The objectives of this qualitative study were to (1) understand how LHD officials perceive population mental health; (2) identify factors that influence these perceptions and LHD activities to address population mental health; and (3) develop an empirically derived conceptual framework of LHD engagement in population mental health...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808163/recent-developments-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-tuberculosis
#18
REVIEW
Giorgia Sulis, Rosella Centis, Giovanni Sotgiu, Lia D'Ambrosio, Emanuele Pontali, Antonio Spanevello, Alberto Matteelli, Alimuddin Zumla, Giovanni Battista Migliori
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health issue worldwide, with ~9.6 million new incident cases and 1.5 million deaths in 2014. The End-TB Strategy launched by the World Health Organization in the context of the post-2015 agenda aims to markedly abate the scourge of TB towards global elimination, by improving current diagnostic and therapeutic practices, promoting preventative interventions, stimulating government commitment and increased financing, and intensifying research and innovation. The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant strains is currently among the greatest concerns, which may hinder the achievement of future goals...
November 3, 2016: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798047/common-diseases-as-determinants-of-menopausal-age
#19
Jingmei Li, Mikael Eriksson, Kamila Czene, Per Hall, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg
STUDY QUESTION: Can the diagnosis of common diseases before menopause influence age at natural menopause (ANM) onset? SUMMARY ANSWER: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and depression were observed to delay menopause. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: It has been observed that women who undergo early menopause experience a higher burden of health problems related to metabolic syndromes, heart disease and depression, but whether ANM can be influenced by common adult diseases has not been studied extensively...
October 18, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780495/information-for-mental-health-systems-an-instrument-for-policy-making-and-system-service-quality
#20
A Lora, A Lesage, S Pathare, I Levav
AIMS: Information is crucial in mental healthcare, yet it remains undervalued by stakeholders. Its absence undermines rationality in planning, makes it difficult to monitor service quality improvement, impedes accountability and human rights monitoring. For international organizations (e.g., WHO, OECD), information is indispensable for achieving better outcomes in mental health policies, services and programs. This article reviews the importance of developing system level information with reference to inputs, processes and outputs, analyzes available tools for collecting and summarizing information, highlights the various goals of information gathering, discusses implementation issues and charts the way forward...
October 26, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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