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Pediatric acute onset neuropsychiatric syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793872/a-pediatric-neurology-perspective-on-pediatric-autoimmune-neuropsychiatric-disorder-associated-with-streptococcal-infection-and-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome
#1
Donald L Gilbert, Jonathan W Mink, Harvey S Singer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722936/antibiotics-for-pandas-limited-evidence-review-and-putative-mechanisms-of-action
#2
Elisabetta Burchi, Stefano Pallanti
Objective: Antibiotics have been used extensively by clinicians to treat patients with PANDAS or PANS (pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections and pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome, respectively). This review examines the best-quality evidence supporting the practice-based use of antibiotics in these psychiatric conditions. Data Sources: PubMed was searched for English-language articles published between January 1994 and July 2017 using the search terms [PANDAS OR PANS OR new-onset pediatric OCD] AND [antibiotics OR macrolides OR beta-lactams]...
May 3, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689421/immune-system-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Donatella Marazziti, Federico Mucci, Leonardo F Fontenelle
BACKGROUND: Recently, much attention has been devoted to the possible alterations of the immune system in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Therefore, the aim of this paper was to review the current literature on the relationships between OCD and immune system. METHODS: A PubMed and Google Scholar search was performed with specific keywords. RESULTS: In the childhood, much emphasis has been given to the relationship between group A Streptococcus (GAS) infection and the development of a group of clinical syndromes characterized by neuropsychiatric symptoms known as "pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcus" (PANDAS)...
April 13, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686658/gut-microbiota-profiling-and-gut-brain-crosstalk-in-children-affected-by-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-and-pediatric-autoimmune-neuropsychiatric-disorders-associated-with-streptococcal-infections
#4
Andrea Quagliariello, Federica Del Chierico, Alessandra Russo, Sofia Reddel, Giulia Conte, Loris R Lopetuso, Gianluca Ianiro, Bruno Dallapiccola, Francesco Cardona, Antonio Gasbarrini, Lorenza Putignani
Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) and pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections syndrome (PANDAS) are conditions that impair brain normal neurologic function, resulting in the sudden onset of tics, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and other behavioral symptoms. Recent studies have emphasized the crosstalk between gut and brain, highlighting how gut composition can influence behavior and brain functions. Thus, the present study investigates the relationship between PANS/PANDAS and gut microbiota ecology...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547961/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-caregiver-burden-inventory-in-children-and-adolescents-with-pans
#5
Cristan Farmer, Margo Thienemann, Collin Leibold, Gabrielle Kamalani, Bethany Sauls, Jennifer Frankovich
Objectives: To establish the psychometric properties of the Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) in patients with Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), which is characterized by the abrupt onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder and/or restricted eating and at least two additional psychiatric symptoms. Parents of patients with PANS have reported high caregiver burden. However, no validated instrument of burden exists for this population. Methods: Study took place at a community-based PANS clinic where the CBI is administered as part of routine clinical care...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398245/cans-childhood-acute-neuropsychiatric-syndromes
#6
REVIEW
Federica Zibordi, Zorzi Giovanna, Carecchio Miryam, Nardocci Nardo
The terms Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS), Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), and Childhood Acute Neuropsychiatric Symptoms (CANS) have been used to describe certain acute onset neuropsychiatric pediatric disorders. This clinical characteristic was unusually abrupt onset of obsessive compulsive symptoms and/or severe eating restrictions and concomitant cognitive, behavioral or neurological symptoms. Because the CANS/PANS criteria define a broad spectrum of neuropsychiatric conditions, the syndrome is presumed to result from a variety of disease mechanisms and to have multiple etiologies, ranging from postinfectious autoimmune and neuroinflammatory disorders to toxic, endocrine or metabolic disorders...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233751/differential-binding-of-antibodies-in-pandas-patients-to-cholinergic-interneurons-in-the-striatum
#7
Luciana R Frick, Maximiliano Rapanelli, Kantiya Jindachomthong, Paul Grant, James F Leckman, Susan Swedo, Kyle Williams, Christopher Pittenger
Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus, or PANDAS, is a syndrome of acute childhood onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder and other neuropsychiatric symptoms in the aftermath of an infection with Group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus (GABHS). Its pathophysiology remains unclear. PANDAS has been proposed to result from cross-reactivity of antibodies raised against GABHS with brain antigens, but the targets of these antibodies are unclear and may be heterogeneous. We developed an in vivo assay in mice to characterize the cellular targets of antibodies in serum from individuals with PANDAS...
March 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919236/biomarkers-for-diagnosis-of-pediatric-acute-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-pans-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-cunningham-panel
#8
Eva Hesselmark, Susanne Bejerot
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric Acute Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) and pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) are conditions marked by sudden onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), tics, or avoidant/restrictive food intake in combination with multiple psychiatric symptoms. A diagnosis of PANS or PANDAS may be supported by the Cunningham Panel, a commercially available set of immunologic assays currently in clinical use. However, the relationship between Cunningham Panel results and patient symptoms remains unclear...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832181/treatment-of-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-disorder-in-a-large-survey-population
#9
Denise Calaprice, Janice Tona, Tanya K Murphy
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate treatment histories and outcomes in a large community sample of youth with Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), and, where appropriate, to examine the impact of immune deficiency on treatment outcomes. METHODS: A comprehensive internet-based survey was completed by parents or guardians of youth who had received physician diagnoses of PANS, or by young adults (age 18+) who had themselves been diagnosed by a physician (N = 698)...
March 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722481/clinical-management-of-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-part-i-psychiatric-and-behavioral-interventions
#10
Margo Thienemann, Tanya Murphy, James Leckman, Richard Shaw, Kyle Williams, Cynthia Kapphahn, Jennifer Frankovich, Daniel Geller, Gail Bernstein, Kiki Chang, Josephine Elia, Susan Swedo
OBJECTIVE: This article outlines the consensus guidelines for symptomatic treatment for children with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) and Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Syndrome Associated with Streptococcal Infection (PANDAS). METHODS: Extant literature on behavioral, psychotherapeutic, and psychopharmacologic treatments for PANS and PANDAS was reviewed. Members of the PANS Research Consortium pooled their clinical experiences to find agreement on treatment of PANS and PANDAS symptoms...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722464/overview-of-treatment-of-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome
#11
Susan E Swedo, Jennifer Frankovich, Tanya K Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714753/pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-response-to-oral-corticosteroid-bursts-an-observational-study-of-patients-in-an-academic-community-based-pans-clinic
#12
Kayla Brown, Cristan Farmer, Bahare Farhadian, Joseph Hernandez, Margo Thienemann, Jennifer Frankovich
BACKGROUND: Sudden-onset severe obsessive-compulsive symptoms and/or severely restrictive food intake with at least two coinciding, similarly debilitating neuropsychiatric symptoms define Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS). When associated with Group A Streptococcus, the syndrome is labeled Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcal infections (PANDAS). An abnormal immune response to infection and subsequent neuroinflammation is postulated to play an etiologic role...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696786/effect-of-early-and-prophylactic-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-on-flare-duration-in-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-an-observational-study-of-patients-followed-by-an-academic-community-based-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome
#13
Kayla D Brown, Cristan Farmer, G Mark Freeman, Ellen J Spartz, Bahare Farhadian, Margo Thienemann, Jennifer Frankovich
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) is characterized by the sudden onset of severe obsessive-compulsive symptoms and/or eating restriction along with at least two coinciding neuropsychiatric symptoms. When associated with group A Streptococcus, the syndrome is labeled Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcal infections (PANDAS). An abnormal immune response to infection and subsequent neuroinflammation is postulated to play an etiologic role...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696783/course-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-after-introduction-and-removal-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-a-pediatric-observational-study
#14
Ellen J Spartz, G Mark Freeman, Kayla Brown, Bahare Farhadian, Margo Thienemann, Jennifer Frankovich
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence suggests that anti-inflammatory interventions can modulate neuropsychiatric symptoms. Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) is characterized by an abrupt and dramatic onset of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms and/or severely restrictive food intake and at least two coinciding, equally debilitating neuropsychiatric symptoms. When associated with group A Streptococcus, the syndrome is labeled Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcal infections (PANDAS)...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538981/association-of-streptococcal-throat-infection-with-mental-disorders-testing-key-aspects-of-the-pandas-hypothesis-in-a-nationwide-study
#15
Sonja Orlovska, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Bodil Hammer Bech, Merete Nordentoft, Mogens Vestergaard, Michael Eriksen Benros
Importance: Streptococcal infection has been linked with the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and tic disorders, a concept termed pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection (PANDAS). However, previous studies of this association have been small, and the results have been conflicting. Objective: To investigate the risk of mental disorders, specifically OCD and tic disorders, after a streptococcal throat infection...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498087/an-expert-opinion-on-pandas-pans-highlights-and-controversies
#16
Francesca Chiarello, Silvia Spitoni, Eric Hollander, Marco Matucci Cerinic, Stefano Pallanti
OBJECTIVES: 'Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections' (PANDAS) identified a unique subgroup of patients with abrupt onset of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms clinically related to Streptococcus infection and accompanied by neuropsychological and motor symptoms. After almost 20 years, PANDAS has not been accepted as distinct disorder and new criteria for paediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) have been replaced it, highlighting the fact that several agents rather than only Streptococcus might be involved...
June 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422636/impact-of-pans-and-pandas-exacerbations-on-occupational-performance-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Janice Trigilio Tona, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Denise Calaprice
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections and involves sudden-onset neuropsychiatric symptoms, including obsessions, compulsions, sensory difficulties, and dysgraphia after infection or other triggers. Our objective was to identify problems with areas of occupation, body functions, and performance skills during exacerbations. METHOD: In this online retrospective study, based on the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (2nd ed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387528/palatal-petechiae-in-the-absence-of-group-a-streptococcus-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-deterioration-a-cohort-study
#18
Talia Mahony, Douglas Sidell, Hayley Gans, Michael Cooperstock, Kayla Brown, Joanne M Cheung, Bahare Farhadian, Melissa Gustafson, Margo Thienemann, Jennifer Frankovich
BACKGROUND: Palatal petechiae are 95% specific for streptococcal pharyngitis. Despite this, and despite prior research demonstrating that Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a common antecedent to pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) episodes, we anecdotally observed a low rate of documented GAS in patients with PANS and palatal petechiae. This retrospective chart review was conducted to formally report the rate of palatal petechiae and concurrent GAS in a cohort of patients with PANS and investigate other etiologic factors...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358599/a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-pilot-study-of-azithromycin-in-youth-with-acute-onset-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#19
Tanya K Murphy, Erin M Brennan, Carly Johnco, Ellisa Carla Parker-Athill, Branko Miladinovic, Eric A Storch, Adam B Lewin
OBJECTIVES: Sudden and severe onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may present secondary to infectious and/or immune-mediated triggers. We assessed the preliminary efficacy, tolerability, and safety of azithromycin compared with placebo in the treatment of OCD and associated symptoms in children with pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS). METHODS: Thirty-one youth aged 4-14 years (M = 8.26 ± 2.78 years, 62.5% male) were randomized to receive either placebo or azithromycin for 4 weeks (10 mg/kg up to 500 mg per day)...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140619/a-survey-of-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-characteristics-and-course
#20
Denise Calaprice, Janice Tona, Ellisa Carla Parker-Athill, Tanya K Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To date, studies in the area of pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS; including pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcal infection [PANDAS] and pediatric infection-triggered neuropsychiatric disorder [PITAND]) have been relatively small and hence unable to comprehensively address questions of disease heterogeneity (e.g., by age, gender), comorbidities, and progression. In this study, we investigated an internet survey sample to more fully characterize the phenotypic traits; medical, family, and developmental history; functional challenges; and clinical course associated with PANS...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
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