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Crocus sativus

R Armellini, I Peinado, P Pittia, M Scampicchio, A Heredia, A Andres
Saffron, used in cookery as a flavouring and colouring agent, is well-known for its antioxidant and beneficial health properties. In the present work, the effect of saffron addition (0-control, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4%, w/w) in the formulation of fresh pasta was evaluated on textural, physical-chemical, and sensory properties of the cooked product. Content and retention of the bioactive molecules of saffron (crocins) were evaluated by HPLC along with the corresponding antioxidant activity of enriched pasta. The presence of saffron significantly influenced textural and physical-chemical properties of pasta...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Alireza Milajerdi, Shima Jazayeri, Najmeh Hashemzadeh, Elham Shirzadi, Zhaleh Derakhshan, Abolghassem Djazayeri, Shahin Akhondzadeh
Background: Metabolic control is a major concern in preventing diabetic complications. Saffron as a natural source of antioxidants could play a role in alleviating diabetes insults. The aim of this study was to investigate effect of saffron hydroalcoholic extract on metabolic control in type 2 diabetes (T2D) mellitus. Materials and Methods: This randomized triple blind study was included 54 T2D patients which randomly received either saffron (Group 1) or placebo (Group 2) twice daily other than routine antidiabetic treatments for 8 weeks...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Adrian L Lopresti, Peter D Drummond, Antonio M Inarejos-García, Marin Prodanov
BACKGROUND: Saffron has antidepressant and anxiolytic effects in adults with mild-to-moderate depression. However, this is the first study examining its mood-related effects in teenagers. METHODS: In this 8-week, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, youth aged 12-16 years, with mild-to-moderate anxiety or depressive symptoms were given tablets containing placebo or a saffron extract (affron® , 14 mg b.i.d). The youth and parent versions of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) were used as outcome measures...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Zahoor A Wani, Tanveer Ahmad, Yedukondalu Nalli, Asif Ali, Avneet Pal Singh, Ram A Vishwakarma, Nasheeman Ashraf, Syed Riyaz-Ul-Hassan
Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) is one of the most expensive spices in the world due to its medicinal and aromatic value. However, saffron production is severely affected by the corm rot disease throughout the saffron producing countries. In this study, we report a basidiomycetous latent pathogen of saffron, designated as CSE26, capable of producing phytotoxic compounds. CSE26 is a highly odorous basidiomycete with monomitic hyphal system. Molecular phylogeny of ITS and 28S ribosomal gene sequence of CSE26 assigned it as Porostereum spadiceum...
February 28, 2018: Current Microbiology
Ajay Godwin Potnuri, Lingesh Allakonda, Mangala Lahkar
Chemotherapy induced testicular toxicity is an emerging reason for azoospermia and impotency in males. Cyclophosphamide (CP) is a widely used chemotherapeutic agent to manage neoplastic and non-neoplastic autoimmune diseases. Testicular toxicity along with bladder and hepatotoxicity are its widely reported adverse effects. Crocin (CR) is the digentiobiosyl ester of crocetin, found in the fruits of gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides E.) and dried stigmas of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) possess antioxidant, anti-depressant, anti-tumor and aphrodisiac properties...
February 24, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Erica Cusano, Roberto Consonni, Eleftherios A Petrakis, Konstantina Astraka, Laura R Cagliani, Moschos G Polissiou
INTRODUCTION: The increasing interest on Crocus sativus L. over the last decades is caused by its potential employment as a source of biologically active molecules, endowed with antioxidant and nutraceutical properties. These molecules are present mainly in stigmas and tepals, these last generally considered as byproducts. OBJECTIVE: To characterise bioactive compounds in stigmas, stamens, and tepals of Crocus sativus L. for quality, cross-contamination of tissues or fraudulent addition, joining spectroscopic and chromatographic techniques...
February 26, 2018: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
Yongwang Wang, Qingping Wang, Wenli Yu, Hongyin Du
Oxidative stress and excessive nitric oxide (NO) production play considerable roles in infarction-induced injury impairing cardiac functions. Crocin is the active constituent of Crocus sativus (saffron) with antioxidant properties and has protective effects against disturbances induced by ischemia in many organs. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects and the underlying mechanisms of crocin on myocardial infarction (MI)-induced injury in rats in vivo. MI rats were intraperitoneally injected with crocin at different doses for seven successive days after coronary ligation...
February 23, 2018: International Heart Journal
Nikolaos Pitsikas, Petros A Tarantilis
Crocus sativus L., is a plant cultivated in many countries of the world. Crocins are among the active constituents of C. sativus and their implication in cognition has been proposed. The present study was designed to investigate in the rat the effects of crocins on distinct recognition memory components (encoding, storage and retrieval). Subsequently, the potential use of crocins as adjunctive agents for the treatment of memory disorders was examined. Thus, the effects exerted by a combination of subthreshold doses of crocins and memantine on recognition memory were evaluated...
February 16, 2018: Behavioural Pharmacology
Mesfin Yimam, Ping Jiao, Mei Hong, Lidia Brownell, Young-Chul Lee, Eu-Jin Hyun, Hyun-Jin Kim, Tae-Woo Kim, Jeong-Bum Nam, Mi-Ran Kim, Qi Jia
A change in homeostasis between food intake and energy expenditure is the hallmark of obesity. Many plant-based weight-management products are available in dietary supplement markets with no direct efficacy comparison. In this in vivo acute feed intake study in rats, the appetite suppression efficacy of well-known natural ingredients in the weight-loss market were evaluated. We tested pure caffeine, potato skin extract, Cissus quadrangularis extract, Garcinia cambogia extract, Crocus sativus extract, raspberry ketone isolated from Rubus idaeus, one commercial product (Appetrex), and one novel composition (UP601)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Ying Zhang, Lan Miao, Li Lin, Chang-Ying Ren, Jian-Xun Liu, Yi-Min Cui
BACKGROUND: Sailuotong (SLT) is a standard Chinese preparation made from extracts of Panax ginseng (ginseng), Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo), and Crocus sativus (saffron). Preliminary clinical trials and animal experiments have demonstrated that SLT could improve cognition of vascular dementia (VD). PURPOSE: To avoid incident drug-drug interaction which is easily encountered in patients of VD, the potential influence of SLT on main drug-metabolic cytochromes P450 enzymes (CYP450) was investigated...
January 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Tayyebe Kermani, Toba Kazemi, Somayye Molki, Khadije Ilkhani, Gholamreza Sharifzadeh, Omid Rajabi
Objective: Metabolic syndrome is a set of cardiac risk factors with increased risk of chronic diseases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of crocin of saffron on metabolic syndrome. Methods: This double-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted on metabolic syndrome patients who were randomly assigned to crocin of saffron or control (placebo) groups. The intervention group received 100 mg/day crocin tablets (a constituent of saffron) for 6 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Hadeer O Abou-Hany, Hoda Atef, Eman Said, Hassan Elkashef, Hatem A Salem
Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) is one of the main complications associated with diabetes mellitus. Persistently elevated blood glucose level drives histopathological changes in renal tissues that hinder normal kidney functions. In the current study, crocin; the main bioactive constituent of Crocus sativus was investigated as a reno-protective agent against DN by virtue of its numerous pharmacological activities. Diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawely rats through intravenous injection of streptozocin (STZ) (50 mg/kg), DN was confirmed eight weeks post diabetes induction...
February 2, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Keti Zeka, Ketan C Ruparelia, Claudia Sansone, Guido Macchiarelli, Maria Adelaide Continenza, Randolph R J Arroo
Saffron extracts have a long history of application as skin protectant, possibly due to their ability to scavenge free radicals. In this work, the performance of a hydrogel enriched with antioxidant compounds isolated from saffron crocus (Crocus sativus L.) petals was tested. These hydrogels could be considered as new drug delivery system. Hydrogels are crosslinked polymer networks that absorb large quantities of water but retain the properties of a solid, thus making ideal dressings for sensitive skin. We tested antioxidant-enriched hydrogels on primary mouse fibroblasts...
February 1, 2018: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
Anastasia Kyriakoudi, Maria Z Tsimidou
Saffron, the dried red stigmas of Crocus sativus L. plant, is the most expensive spice in the world. It is highly valued not only for the color and flavor that exerts to various foods and drinks but also for its functional properties. Various classes of apocarotenoids such as crocetin sugar esters, picrocrocin and safranal are responsible for these characteristics. In the present review, the evolution of the methods proposed by the ISO standard for extraction and determination of saffron apocarotenoids since 1980 is presented in parallel to other approaches proposed by various scientists to overcome limitations of the standard...
February 2, 2018: Electrophoresis
Gholamali Jelodar, Zahra Javid, Ali Sahraian, Sina Jelodar
Objectives: A correlation between hyperhomocysteinemia, and depression has been reported. Saffron (Crocus sativus) is recommended for treatment of depression; hence, in this study the effect of co-administration of saffron and fluoxetine on plasma homocysteine and depression was evaluated. Material and methods: This was a 4-week randomized and double-blind clinical trial which was conducted from March 2013 to February 2014. In this trial, 40 male and females (20-55 years old) diagnosed with severe depression were selected and following filing the Beck form, were randomly divided into two groups...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Kumud Madan, Sanju Nanda
Safranal, a monoterpene aldehyde, is present as one of the main volatile constituents of Crocus sativus Linn. (saffron flowers). This volatile constituent not only contributes to the aroma of saffron but has been reported to possess antidiabetic, antiulcer, antiasthamatic, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, cardioprotective, anticancer and UV protective properties. Most of these therapeutic actions are contributed by its potential to quench reactive oxygen species (ROS). Antioxidant properties of phytoconstituents are now being explored for developing photoprotective skin formulations...
January 4, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Dina Zohrabi, Kazem Parivar, Mohammad Hossein Sanati, Nasim Hayati Roodbari
Background: Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) has been traditionally used as a spice for coloring and flavoring in some countries cuisine. One of the main components of saffron is Crocin. Recent research have shown that crocin has various pharmacological effects. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of crocin on the Pituitary-Gonadal axis and Kiss-1 gene expression in hypothalamus and ovarian tissue organization in female Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, 18 adult female Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Ladan Kashani, Sophia Esalatmanesh, Farzaneh Eftekhari, Samrand Salimi, Tahereh Foroughifar, Farnaz Etesam, Hamideh Safiaghdam, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Shahin Akhondzadeh
PURPOSE: Due to concerns regarding the side effects of hormone therapy, many studies have focused on the development of non-hormonal agents for treatment of hot flashes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of saffron (stigma of Crocus sativus) in treatment of major depressive disorder associated with post-menopausal hot flashes. METHODS: Sixty women with post-menopausal hot flashes participated in this study. The patients randomly received either saffron (30 mg/day, 15 mg twice per day) or placebo for 6 weeks...
January 13, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Jianling Liu, Jingjing Liu, Fengxia Shen, Zonghui Qin, Meng Jiang, Jinglin Zhu, Zhenzhong Wang, Jun Zhou, Yingxue Fu, Xuetong Chen, Chao Huang, Wei Xiao, Chunli Zheng, Yonghua Wang
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) follows the principle of formulae, in which the pharmacological activity of a single herb can be enhanced or potentiated by addition of other herbs. Nevertheless, the involved synergy mechanisms in formulae remain unknown. Here, a systems-based method is proposed and applied to three representative Chinese medicines in compound saffron formula (CSF): two animal spices (Moschus, Beaver Castoreum), and one herb Crocus sativus which exert synergistic effects for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs)...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
Syed Imran Bukhari, Mahreen Manzoor, M K Dhar
Crocus sativus is an herbaceous plant that belongs to family Iridaceae. It is commonly known as saffron and has been used for medicinal purposes since many centuries in India and other parts of the world. Saffron of commercial importance comprises of dried stigmas of the plant and is rich in flavonoids, vitamins, and carotenoids. Carotenoids represent the main components of saffron and their cleavage results in the formation of apocarotenoids such as crocin, picrocrocin, and safranal. Studies conducted during the past two decades have revealed the immense therapeutic potential of saffron...
January 3, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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