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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926974/pregnant-patient-knowledge-and-behavior-regarding-perinatal-oral-health
#1
Bernard Gonik, Eline Wilson, Melanie Mayberry, Bushra Yuki Joarder
Objective Perinatal oral health is important to obstetric practice, with significant implications for maternal, fetal, and infant health. This study sought to describe and compare knowledge and behavior related to perinatal oral health in two distinct populations of pregnant women. Methods An anonymous 13-question survey was distributed at two patient centers (urban teaching clinics and suburban referral center), examining patient knowledge and behaviors pertaining to oral health. Descriptive statistics were tabulated...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926787/comparison-of-the-effects-of-a-balanced-crystalloid-based-and-a-saline-based-tetrastarch-solution-on-canine-whole-blood-coagulation-and-platelet-function
#2
Annina Reuteler, Shannon Axiak-Flammer, Judith Howard, Katja-Nicole Adamik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.42) solution in either a buffered, electrolyte-balanced (HES-BAL), or a saline (HES-SAL) carrier solution on canine platelet function and whole blood coagulation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty-seven client-owned dogs undergoing general anesthesia for arthroscopy or imaging studies. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs received a 15 mL/kg intravenous bolus of HES-SAL (n = 13), HES-BAL (n = 14), or a modified Ringer's solution (n = 10) over 30-40 minutes...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925798/excessive-time-on-social-networking-sites-and-disordered-eating-behaviors-among-undergraduate-students-appearance-and-weight-esteem-as-mediating-pathways
#3
Marisa Murray, Danijela Maras, Gary S Goldfield
Social networking sites (SNS) are a popular form of communication among undergraduate students. Body image concerns and disordered eating behaviors are also quite prevalent among this population. Maladaptive use of SNS has been associated with disordered eating behaviors; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. The present study examined if body image concerns (e.g., appearance and weight esteem) mediate the relationship between excessive time spent on SNS and disordered eating behaviors (restrained and emotional eating)...
December 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925781/same-day-computed-tomographic-chest-imaging-for-pulmonary-nodule-targeting-with-electromagnetic-navigation-bronchoscopy-may-decrease-unnecessary-procedures
#4
Roy W Semaan, Hans J Lee, David Feller-Kopman, Andrew D Lerner, Christopher M Mallow, Jeffrey Thiboutot, Sixto A Arias, Lonny B Yarmus
RATIONALE: Bronchoscopy is commonly used for the diagnosis of suspicious pulmonary nodules discovered on computed tomographic (CT) imaging of the chest. Procedural CT imaging for bronchoscopy planning is often completed weeks to months before the date of a scheduled bronchoscopy, which may not allow discovery of a decrease in nodule size or resolution before the bronchoscopic procedure. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether same-day CT imaging of the chest discovers partial or total resolution of some lung nodules and thereby reduces unnecessary bronchoscopic procedures...
December 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925381/doctors-use-of-mobile-devices-in-the-clinical-setting-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Arany Nerminathan, Amanda Harrison, Megan Phelps, Karen M Scott
AIM: To explore how doctors use mobile devices in the clinical setting and understand drivers for use. METHODS: A mixed methods study was used with doctors in a paediatric and adult teaching hospital in 2013. A paper based survey examined mobile device usage data by doctors in the clinical setting. Focus groups explored doctors' reasons for using or refraining from using mobile devices in the clinical setting, and their attitudes about others' use. RESULTS: The survey, completed by 109 doctors, showed that 91% owned a smartphone and 88% used their mobile devices frequently in the clinical setting...
December 7, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925145/the-oldest-old-in-the-emergency-department-impact-of-renal-function
#6
T Brünnler, M Drey, G Dirrigl, C Weingart, F Rockmann, C Sieber, U Hoffmann
OBJECTIVES: The ageing population implicates an increasing numbers of older adults attending Emergency Departments (ED). We assessed the effect of estimated glomerular filtration rate as a predictor of clinical outcomes in oldest-old patients ≥ 85 years attending the ED in an university teaching hospital. DESIGN: Within three years, 81831 patient contacts were made in our ED. 7799 (9.5%) were older than 85 years, in whom we analyzed the impact of renal function on various outcome parameters...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925104/epistemology-of-nursing-care-a-reflection-on-its-foundations
#7
Márcia Eller Miranda Salviano, Prince Daiane Felizardo Silva Nascimento, Mariane Andreza de Paula, Carolina Santiago Vieira, Susiane Sucasas Frison, Mariana Almeida Maia, Kleyde Ventura Souza, Eline Lima Borges
Objective: to reflect on nursing care and its epistemology from its historical, theoretical, philosophical, spiritual dimensions and as a social practice. Method: discussions originated in the discipline "Epistemology of caring", from the graduate nursing program of the School of Nursing, Federal University of Minas Gerais, and in critical analysis of nursing literature together with the professional practice of the authors. Results: we identified the necessity of developing a critical conscience on health care provision, research, and teaching, as well as on challenges in maintaining high standards of working interpersonal relationships, which has a profound impact on population health...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925087/determining-impacts-and-factors-in-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-bundle
#8
Ana Natesia Rodrigues, Luciana Vládia E Cavalhedo Fragoso, Francisca de Melo Beserra, Islane Costa Ramos
Objective: Assessing the determining impacts and factors in ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) bundle. Method: descriptive retrospective longitudinal study, with quantitative approach, held at a public teaching hospital. Collection held between May 2014 and April 2015. Patients of the ICU with VAP participated in the research. For organizing data, the Microsoft Excel 2010 program was used. A critical analysis between the data collected and infection rates was performed...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925085/humanized-care-insertion-of-obstetric-nurses-in-a-teaching-hospital
#9
Renata Marien Knupp Medeiros, Renata Cristina Teixeira, Ana Beatriz Nicolini, Aline Spanevello Alvares, Áurea Christina de Paula Corrêa, Débora Prado Martins
Objective: to evaluate the care provided at an Antepartum, Intrapartum, Postpartum (AIP) unit at a teaching hospital following the inclusion of obstetric nurses. Method: transversal study, performed at a AIP unit at a teaching hospital in the capital of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. The sample comprised data regarding the 701 childbirths that took place between 2014 and 2016. The data were organized using Excel and analyzed using version 7 of Epi Info software...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925078/factors-associated-with-the-occurrence-of-adverse-events-in-critical-elderly-patients
#10
Maria Cecilia Toffoletto, Ricardo Luis Barbosa, Rafaela Andolhe, Elaine Machado de Oliveira, Adriana Janzantte Ducci, Katia Grillo Padilha
Objective: to identify the factors associated with the occurrence of adverse events in critical elderly patients admitted to intensive care unit according to demographic and clinical characteristics. Method: a retrospective cohort study was conducted in nine units of a teaching hospital. Data were collected from medical records and from monitoring of nursing shift change. We used the t-test/Mann-Whitney, chi-square and logistic regression to test associations. Significance level of 5% was used...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925055/lung-protection-an-intervention-for-tidal-volume-reduction-in-a-teaching-intensive-care-unit
#11
Arturo Briva, Cristina Gaiero
Objective: To determine the effect of feedback and education regarding the use of predicted body weight to adjust tidal volume in a lung-protective mechanical ventilation strategy. Methods: The study was performed from October 2014 to November 2015 (12 months) in a single university polyvalent intensive care unit. We developed a combined intervention (education and feedback), placing particular attention on the importance of adjusting tidal volumes to predicted body weight bedside...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924792/a-cost-effective-approach-to-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-infectious-encephalitis
#12
Usha Kant Misra, Vinita Elizabeth Mani, Jayantee Kalita
SETTING: A tertiary care teaching hospital in India. OBJECTIVE: To report a syndromic approach to acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) and propose a cost-effective model. STUDY DESIGN: AES patients were categorized by the presence or absence of myalgia/rash into systemic and neurological AES. The patients with systemic AES were investigated for dengue, scrub typhus, leptospira, chikungunya, and malaria, and those with neurological AES were investigated for herpes and Japanese encephalitis (JE)...
December 8, 2016: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924668/parenting-of-children-with-down-syndrome-compared-to-fragile-x-syndrome
#13
Audra Sterling, Steven F Warren
Children with Down syndrome (DS) and fragile X syndrome (FXS) struggle with language development. Parenting variables, such as responsiveness to children's communication attempts (Maternal Responsivity), and techniques used to support and teach appropriate behavior (Behavior Management) are known to have a significant impact on early child development. We examined these two aspects of parenting style via coded, videotaped parent-child interactions in two groups of participants matched on child age (2-5 years) and child expressive language level: mothers of children with DS and mothers of children with FXS...
December 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924446/educational-encounters-of-the-third-kind
#14
Gonzalo Génova, M Rosario González
An engineer who becomes an educator in a school of software engineering has the mission to teach how to design and construct software systems, therein applying his or her knowledge and expertise. However, due to their engineering background, engineers may forget that educating a person is not the same as designing a machine, since a machine has a well-defined goal, whilst a person is capable to self-propose his or her own objectives. The ethical implications are clear: educating a free person must leave space for creativity and self-determination in his or her own discovery of the way towards personal and professional fulfillment, which cannot consist only in achieving goals selected by others...
December 6, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924353/-the-old-man-and-the-i-sea-u-essay-on-faith-fate-and-evidence-after-the-manner-of-hemingway
#15
K Lewandowski, R H Bartlett
Robert Bartlett, emeritus Professor of surgery at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, USA, transformed classical works of world literature (Charles Dickens: A Christmas Carol, Lewis Carroll: Alice in Wonderland) into teaching aids for advanced training in intensive care medicine. He recently turned his hand to the well-known work of Ernest Hemingway: the Nobel Prize winning novel The Old Man and the Sea. Subsequent to Robert Bartlett's essay this article provides background information and comments on the current problems in modern intensive care medicine addressed in his essay...
December 6, 2016: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924311/setting-a-standard-for-chemistry-education-in-the-next-generation-a-retrosynthetic-analysis
#16
Gregory T Rushton, Andrew Dewar, Herman E Ray, Brett A Criswell, Lisa Shah
A diverse and highly qualified chemistry teaching workforce is critical for preparing equally diverse, qualified STEM professionals. Here, we analyze National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) data to provide a demographic comparison of the U.S. secondary chemistry teaching population in high-needs and non-high-needs public schools as well as private schools during the 2011-2012 academic year. Our analysis reveals that the chemistry teaching workforce is predominantly white and significantly lacks in-field degrees or certification across school types, though high-needs and private schools are most affected by this lack of teacher qualification...
November 23, 2016: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924166/dental-erosion-and-dentin-hypersensitivity-among-adult-asthmatics-and-non-asthmatics-hospital-based-a-preliminary-study
#17
Zahra Hassan Abdelaziz Farag, Elhadi Mohieldin Awooda
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the airways leading to spasm and swelling of the airways. The medications taken for the treatment of asthma can result in dental erosion and dentin hypersensitivity. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the severity of dental erosion amongst adult asthmatics according to: gender, type and duration of medication taken and to compare dental erosion and dentin hypersensitivity between asthmatics and non-asthmatics...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924106/inpatient-care-of-small-and-sick-newborns-in-healthcare-facilities
#18
REVIEW
S B Neogi, R Khanna, M Chauhan, J Sharma, G Gupta, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
Neonatal units in teaching and non-teaching hospitals both in public and private hospitals have been increasing in number in the country since the sixties. In 1994, a District Newborn Care Programme was introduced as a part of the Child Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme (CSSM) in 26 districts. Inpatient care of small and sick newborns in the public health system got a boost under National Rural Health Mission with the launch of the national programme on facility-based newborn care (FBNC). This has led to a nationwide creation of Newborn Care Corners (NBCC) at every point of child birth, newborn stabilization units (NBSUs) at First Referral Units (FRUs) and special newborn care units (SNCUs) at district hospitals...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923615/impact-of-facility-type-and-surgical-volume-on-10-year-survival-in-patients-undergoing-hepatic-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Brandon C Chapman, Alessandro Paniccia, Patrick W Hosokawa, William G Henderson, Douglas M Overbey, Wells Messersmith, Martin D McCarter, Ana Gleisner, Barish H Edil, Richard D Schulick, Csaba Gajdos
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated improved in-hospital mortality following hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at teaching hospitals. The objective of this study was to evaluate if resection of HCCs at academic cancer programs (ACP) is associated with improved 10-year survival. STUDY DESIGN: Using the NCDB (1998-2011), we evaluated patients undergoing hepatic resection for HCC at ACPs, comprehensive community cancer programs (CCCPs), and community cancer programs (CCPs)...
December 3, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923440/parent-administered-computer-assisted-tutoring-targeting-letter-sound-knowledge-evaluation-via-multiple-baseline-across-three-preschool-students
#20
Matthew R DuBois, Robert J Volpe, Matthew K Burns, Jessica A Hoffman
Knowledge of letters sounds has been identified as a primary objective of preschool instruction and intervention. Despite this designation, large disparities exist in the number of letter sounds children know at school entry. Enhancing caregivers' ability to teach their preschool-aged children letter sounds may represent an effective practice for reducing this variability and ensuring that more children are prepared to experience early school success. This study used a non-concurrent multiple-baseline-across-participants design to evaluate the effectiveness of caregivers (N=3) delivering a computer-assisted tutoring program (Tutoring Buddy) targeting letter sound knowledge to their preschool-aged children...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
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