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ACute kidney failure children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904864/nephrotic-range-proteinuria-and-peripheral-edema-in-a-child-not-only-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#1
Valentina Dolcemascolo, Marina Vivarelli, Manuela Colucci, Francesca Diomedi-Camassei, Rossella Piras, Marta Alberti, Francesco Emma
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is defined by the simultaneous occurrence of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury due to thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) mainly occurring in renal and cerebral microvessels. Although the most common cause of HUS in children is Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, atypical forms in which Shiga toxin is not the trigger may occur. Research over the last few years has shown that complement dysregulation secondary to mutations of genes coding for proteins involved in the regulation of the alternative pathway of complement account for most forms of atypical HUS (aHUS)...
September 2016: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862115/pediatric-acute-liver-failure-of-undetermined-cause-a-research-workshop
#2
Estella M Alonso, Simon P Horslen, Edward M Behrens, Edward Doo
: Pediatric Acute liver failure (PALF) is a potentially devastating condition which occurs in previously healthy children of all ages and frequently leads to a rapid clinical deterioration. An identified cause for liver injury is lacking in approximately 30% of cases. Children with undetermined diagnosis have lower spontaneous survival and higher rates of transplantation and death than other diagnostic groups. A single day workshop sponsored by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases brought together clinicians and basic scientists to integrate aligned research findings and develop a foundation for new mechanistic studies and future treatment trials...
November 14, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858370/intracranial-hypertension-in-cystinosis-is-a-challenge-experience-in-a-children-s-hospital
#3
Nieves Martín-Begué, Silvia Alarcón, Charlotte Wolley-Dod, Luis Enrique Lara, Álvaro Madrid, Paola Cano, Mireia Del Toro, Gema Ariceta
BACKGROUND: Cystinosis is a rare systemic lysosomal disease affecting mainly the kidney and eye. Ocular involvement in cystinosis is universal being the presence of cystine crystals in the cornea a diagnostic criterion and one of the earliest manifestations of the disease. Neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations are considered a rare and late complication in these patients. The aim of this article is to report the unexpectedly high incidence of intracranial hypertension in children with cystinosis at our centre...
November 18, 2016: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786420/outcomes-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-with-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-in-small-children-after-cardiac-surgery-experience-and-protocol-from-a-single-center
#4
Anna Musielak, Alfred Warzywoda, Michał Wojtalik, Bartłomiej Kociński, Paweł Kroll, Danuta Ostalska-Nowicka, Jacek Zachwieja
Patients after a cardiac surgery in cardiopulmonary bypass often present an acute kidney failure. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is often required. The aim of this study was to present effectiveness and safety of CRRT with regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA-CRRT) in small children after cardiac surgery. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 15 patients after cardiac surgery and who had RCA-CRRT performed in 2014. The established protocol was followed. Mean time on the RCA-CRRT was 192 h 40 min with the circuit mean lifetime of 43 h 33 min...
October 27, 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767356/etiology-clinical-profile-and-short-term-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-at-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-nephrology-center-in-pakistan
#5
Vina Tresa, Afshan Yaseen, Ali Asghar Lanewala, Seema Hashmi, Sabeeta Khatri, Irshad Ali, Muhammed Mubarak
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence rates and etiologies of acute kidney injury (AKI) are quite variable in different regions of the world. The current study was planned to determine the etiology, clinical profile, and short-term outcome of pediatric AKI at our hospital. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was carried out from April 2014 to March 2015. All pediatric patients (1 month to ≤15 years) diagnosed as AKI using modified pRIFLE criteria were studied and followed for 3 months to document short-term outcome...
October 21, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754180/ed-08-4-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergency-in-children
#6
Lin Shi
According to the seventh report of Joint National Committee (JNC 7), hypertensive emergency (HE), a kind of hypertensive crisis, is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure so as to cause acute target organ dysfunctions, including central nervous system, cardiovascular system or kidneys. Patients with HE require immediate reduction in markedly elevated blood pressure. Currently, there are no international guidelines for children HE, so the JNC definition is commonly used. Hypertensive emergency in children is rare but a life-threatening emergency...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738777/histopathological-changes-in-septic-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-children-a-cohort-of-post-mortem-renal-biopsies
#7
Ramachandran Rameshkumar, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Rajesh Nachiappa Ganesh, Subramanian Mahadevan, Parameswaran Narayanan, Ponnarmeni Satheesh, Puneet Jain
BACKGROUND: Septic acute kidney injury (AKI) accounts for more than half of all cases of AKI in critically ill children. The renal histology was found to alter the management in more than two-third of cases of adult acute renal failure. Better insight into the pathogenesis of pediatric septic AKI could be based on developing a clearer appreciation of the histopathological changes. No comprehensive study of the histopathological features of septic AKI in critically ill children has yet been performed...
October 13, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688628/acute-kidney-injury-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcome
#8
Sheetal Gupta, Ghanshyam Singh Sengar, Praveen K Meti, Anil Lahoti, Mukesh Beniwal, Murlidhar Kumawat
OBJECTIVE: To determine incidence, risk factors, and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective, observational study conducted in PICU of Department of Paediatrics, S.P. Medical College, Bikaner, from October 2013 to May 2014. In this study, 536 patients of aged 29 days to 16 years were screened for AKI according to the Pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-stage Renal Disease (pRIFLE) criteria...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672395/henoch-schonlein-purpura-as-a-cause-of-renal-failure-in-an-adult
#9
Shweta Kukrety, Pradeepa Vimalachandran, Rajesh Kunadharaju, Vishisht Mehta, Agnes Colanta, Mahmoud Abu Hazeem
Henoch Schonlein purpura (HSP) is an immune mediated disease associated Immunoglobulin A (IgA) deposition within the affected organs. While the disease is commonly seen in the pediatric age group, it is rarely seen in adults. We report the case of a 93-year-old Caucasian lady who presented with nonthrombocytopenic purpuric rash and acute kidney injury after an episode of bronchitis. Rapid and progressive deterioration of renal function prompted a kidney biopsy, which showed findings consistent with IgA nephropathy confirming the diagnosis of HSP...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643137/ed-08-4-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergency-in-children
#10
Lin Shi
According to the seventh report of Joint National Committee (JNC 7), hypertensive emergency (HE), a kind of hypertensive crisis, is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure so as to cause acute target organ dysfunctions, including central nervous system, cardiovascular system or kidneys. Patients with HE require immediate reduction in markedly elevated blood pressure. Currently, there are no international guidelines for children HE, so the JNC definition is commonly used. Hypertensive emergency in children is rare but a life-threatening emergency...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621562/clinically-profiling-pediatric-patients-with-dengue
#11
Sriram Pothapregada, Banupriya Kamalakannan, Mahalaskhmy Thulasingham, Srinivasan Sampath
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical profile and outcome of dengue fever in children at a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All children (0-12 years of age) diagnosed and confirmed as dengue fever from August 2012 to January 2015 were reviewed retrospectively from hospital case records as per the revised World Health Organization guidelines for dengue fever. The diagnosis was confirmed by NS1 antigen-based ELISA test or dengue serology for IgM and IgG antibodies, and the data were analyzed using SPSS 16...
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617062/extramedullary-relapse-of-acute-myeloid-and-lymphoid-leukemia-in-children-a-retrospective-analysis
#12
Jee Young Kim, Soo Ah Im, Ju Hyun Lee, Jae Wook Lee, Nak Gyun Chung, Bin Cho
BACKGROUND: Extramedullary relapse (EMR) is a recurrence of leukemia in sites other than the bone marrow, and it exhibits a relatively rare presentation of relapse of acute leukemia. However, EMR is an important cause of treatment failure among patients with acute leukemia. Therefore, early detection of these relapses may improve the prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the disease-related demographic and clinical features and radiologic findings for children diagnosed with EMR in acute leukemia...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601931/hyperglycemia-and-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-children
#13
Roberto Gordillo, Tania Ahluwalia, Robert Woroniecki
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia and acute kidney injury (AKI) are common in critically ill children and have been associated with higher morbidity and mortality. The incidence of AKI in children is difficult to estimate because of the lack of a standard definition for AKI. The pediatric RIFLE (Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of kidney function, and End-stage kidney disease) criteria can be used to define AKI in children. Various biomarkers in urine and blood have been studied to detect AKI in critically ill children...
2016: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596079/-relationship-between-changes-of-increased-amylase-or-lipase-levels-and-pancreas-injury-in-critically-ill-children
#14
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To observe the occurrence rate of elevated serum amylase and lipase in critically ill children, to explore the relationship between elevated pancreatic enzymes and pancreatic injury, and the effect of elevated pancreatic enzymes on state of illness and the prognosis. METHOD: The data of cases treated in pediatric intensive care unit(ICU) of 17 children's hospitals were collected prospectively from January 2012 to March 2014 according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543812/rapidly-progressive-acute-chest-syndrome-in-individuals-with-sickle-cell-anemia-a-distinct-acute-chest-syndrome-phenotype
#15
Shruti Chaturvedi, Djamila L Ghafuri, Jeffrey Glassberg, Adetola A Kassim, Mark Rodeghier, Michael R DeBaun
Current definitions of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in sickle cell anemia (SCA) do not account for rapid progression of respiratory compromise. In this two-center retrospective cohort study, we tested the hypothesis that in children and adults with ACS and respiratory failure (≤24 hours after onset of respiratory symptoms) have a distinct ACS phenotype associated with multiorgan failure when compared to those with ACS that have a more subacute and protracted course. We identified 173 individuals (97 children <20 years and 76 adults ≥20 years) with SCA and at least one episode of ACS...
December 2016: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510875/-clinical-and-pathological-analysis-of-iga-nephropathy-with-acute-kidney-injury
#16
M G Chen, X H Ye, H Y Liang, Q Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence, etiology, clinico- pathological characteristics and prognosis in primary IgA nephropathy (IgAN) children with acute kidney injury (AKI). METHOD: Retrospective analysis of the clinical and pathological manifestations and follow-up results of 19 Chlidren, who were associated with AKI in 196 cases of children with IgA nephropathy treated in our department from January, 1996 to Jun, 2012 was performed. RESULT: (1) The 19 cases associated with AKI accounted for 9...
August 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510873/-complications-of-critically-ill-children-supported-by-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#17
Y Cheng, Z J Lu, X G Yan, J He, G F Yan, X D Cai, W J Shen, A L Jin, G P Lu
OBJECTIVE: To study the complications occurred in the process of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-EMCO) in critically ill children. METHOD: To analyze retrospectively 25 children who were admitted to PICU of Children's Hospital of Fudan University from December 2011 to December 2015. They were all treated with VA-ECMO with incision and catheterization in right internal carotid artery and jugular vein. Complications were recorded during ECMO process...
August 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500629/the-current-state-of-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-kidney-injury-by-pediatric-critical-care-physicians
#18
Amanda B Hassinger, Sudha Garimella, Brian H Wrotniak, Jo L Freudenheim
OBJECTIVES: Increasingly prevalent in pediatric intensive care, acute kidney injury imparts significant short- and long-term consequences. Despite advances in acute kidney injury research, clinical outcomes are worsening. We surveyed pediatric critical care physicians to describe the current state of acute kidney injury diagnosis and management in critically ill children. DESIGN: Anonymous electronic questionnaire. PARTICIPANTS: Pediatric critical care physicians from academic centers, the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators network, and/or the pediatric branch of Society of Critical Care Medicine...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472255/risk-factors-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-children
#19
Morgan B Slater, Andrea Gruneir, Paula A Rochon, Andrew W Howard, Gideon Koren, Christopher S Parshuram
OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury may be promoted by critical illness, preexisting medical conditions, and treatments received both before and during ICU admission. We aimed to estimate the frequency of acute kidney injury during ICU treatment and to determine factors, occurring both before and during the ICU stay, associated with the development of acute kidney injury. DESIGN: Cohort study of critically ill children. SETTING: University-affiliated PICU...
September 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468829/ebola-virus-disease-and-critical-illness
#20
REVIEW
Aleksandra Leligdowicz, William A Fischer, Timothy M Uyeki, Thomas E Fletcher, Neill K J Adhikari, Gina Portella, Francois Lamontagne, Christophe Clement, Shevin T Jacob, Lewis Rubinson, Abel Vanderschuren, Jan Hajek, Srinivas Murthy, Mauricio Ferri, Ian Crozier, Elhadj Ibrahima, Marie-Claire Lamah, John S Schieffelin, David Brett-Major, Daniel G Bausch, Nikki Shindo, Adrienne K Chan, Tim O'Dempsey, Sharmistha Mishra, Michael Jacobs, Stuart Dickson, G Marshall Lyon, Robert A Fowler
As of 20 May 2016 there have been 28,646 cases and 11,323 deaths resulting from the West African Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak reported to the World Health Organization. There continue to be sporadic flare-ups of EVD cases in West Africa.EVD presentation is nonspecific and characterized initially by onset of fatigue, myalgias, arthralgias, headache, and fever; this is followed several days later by anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Anorexia and gastrointestinal losses lead to dehydration, electrolyte abnormalities, and metabolic acidosis, and, in some patients, acute kidney injury...
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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