keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pleural effusions review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776642/blunt-splenic-injury-during-colonoscopy-is-it-as-rare-as-we-think
#1
Erin G Andrade, Olubode A Olufajo, Eleanor L Drew, Grant V Bochicchio, Laurie J Punch
BACKGROUND: Post colonoscopy blunt splenic injury (PCBSI) is a rarely reported and poorly recognized event. We analyzed cases of PCBSI managed at our hospital and compared them to existing literature. METHODS: We identified 5 patients admitted with PCBSI through chart review. RESULTS: There were 5 cases of PCBSI identified from April 2016-July 2017. Four of the patients were older than 65 years, three had prior surgeries, and all were women...
May 12, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764848/case-of-drug-induced-interstitial-lung-disease-secondary-to-adalimumab
#2
Seema Alaee, Quentin Jones
We report a rare case of drug-induced intestinal lung disease (ILD) secondary to adalimumab, a tumour necrosis factor alpha-receptor blocker. A 52-year-old smoker with ankylosing spondylitis, treated with adalimumab, presented with progressive breathlessness. A high resolution CT chest demonstrated predominantly upper-zone patchy ground glass changes and small bilateral pleural effusions. Bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage showed no evidence of infection or malignant cells and an echocardiogram was normal...
May 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759424/lung-ultrasound-findings-undetectable-by-chest-radiography-in-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#3
Giulio Iorio, Maria Capasso, Salvatore Prisco, Giuseppe De Luca, Carlo Mancusi, Bruno Laganà, Maria Antonietta Piscopo, Vincenzo Comune
The purpose of our study was to evaluate any differences between lung ultrasonography and chest radiography (CR) images in children with a diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and, if there are any, to analyze the reasons and possible clinical implications. We reviewed the medical records of patients admitted to the pediatric ward from January 2014 to December 2016 and selected only cases discharged with a diagnosis of CAP who had undergone performed lung ultrasound (LUS) and CR within 24 h of each other...
May 11, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734144/long-term-neurodevelopmental-and-respiratory-outcome-after-intrauterine-therapy-for-fetal-thoracic-abnormalities
#4
Ruben S G M Witlox, Enrico Lopriore, Monique Rijken, Frans J C M Klumper, Dick Oepkes, Jeanine M M van Klink
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate long-term neurodevelopmental and respiratory outcome after fetal therapy for fetal pleural effusion, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, and bronchopulmonary sequestration. METHODS: Children ≥18 months of age underwent an assessment of neurologic, motor, and cognitive development. Medical records were reviewed to determine respiratory outcome. Behavioral outcome was assessed using the Child Behavioral Checklist...
May 7, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732155/misdiagnosis-of-primary-pleural-dlbcl-as-tuberculosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Xinmei Yang, Xiaofang Xu, Binbin Song, Qiang Zhou, Ying Zheng
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). DLBCL presents with pleural involvement at an advanced stage; however, primary pleural lymphomas without any other site of involvement are rare, and the possibility of misdiagnosis is high, particularly in developing countries, where tuberculosis or other severe pulmonary infections remain a major health concern. Furthermore, lymphoma and tuberculosis share a number of common clinical characteristics, such as fever, night sweats, feeling of satiety after a small meal, fatigue and unexplained weight loss, among others...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719794/pleuroparenchymal-sarcoidosis-a-recognised-but-rare-manifestation-of-disease
#6
S Walker, H Adamali, N Bhatt, N Maskell, S L Barratt
Pleural involvement is rare in sarcoidosis. The presence of a large symptomatic effusion in a patient with sarcoidosis should therefore prompt further investigation for an alternate aetiology. Here we present a case of confirmed pleuro-parenchymal sarcoidosis. We discuss the important differential diagnoses and review the current literature.
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719560/cytomorphological-features-as-predictors-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutation-status-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#7
Saniya Sharma, Nalini Gupta, Navneet Singh, Rini Chaturvedi, Digambar Behera, Arvind Rajwanshi
Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive ( EGFR-p ) lung adenocarcinomas are sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Although histopathological subtype is an independent predictor of mutation status, there is a paucity of data on the cytomorphological features correlating with the EGFR mutation status. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether certain cytomorphological features correlate with EGFR mutation in lung adenocarcinoma. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 48 lung adenocarcinoma cases diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology with known EGFR mutation status was conducted...
2018: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714657/on-the-diagnosis-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-a-necropsy-based-study-of-171-cases-1997-2016
#8
Pietro Gino Barbieri, Dario Mirabelli, Corrado Magnani, Alessandro Brollo
BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) diagnosis is known to be difficult. We report on the diagnostic elements available in life in an MPM necropsy case series and describe the frequency of non-neoplastic asbestos-related diseases as biological exposure indices. METHODS: We reviewed pathologic and clinical records of an unselected series of autopsies (1977-2016) in patients with MPM employed in the Monfalcone shipyards or living with shipyard workers...
April 1, 2018: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707319/perioperative-management-and-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-case-study-of-a-high-volume-tertiary-center-in-taiwan
#9
Tzu Chang, Po-Ni Hsiao, Man-Yin Tsai, Pei-Ming Huang, Ya-Jung Cheng
Background: Mortality and complication rates for surgical esophagectomy remain high despite progress in surgical techniques and perioperative care. Minimally invasive surgery and intraoperative goal-directed fluid management are gaining popularity in Taiwan; however, perioperative complications and short-term outcomes have been rarely reported. In this retrospective study, we analyzed the surgical procedures performed as well as the perioperative outcomes and treatments after esophagectomy in a high-volume medical center in Taiwan...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703801/successful-management-of-chylothorax-with-etilefrine-case-report-in-2-pediatric-patients
#10
Gysella Muniz, Jennifer Hidalgo-Campos, Maria Del Carmen Valdivia-Tapia, Nader Shaikh, Nilton Yhuri Carreazo
Chylothorax is defined as the accumulation of chyle within the pleural space. Originally described in 1917 by Pisek, it is the most common cause of pleural effusion in the neonatal period. The leading cause of chylothorax is laceration of the thoracic duct during surgery, which occurs in 0.85% to 6.6% of children undergoing cardiothoracic surgery. Few authors of reports in the literature have looked at etilefrine, a relatively unknown sympathomimetic, as an option for the medical treatment of chylothorax. In this case report, we review the clinical course of 2 infants with type III esophageal atresia who developed chylothorax after thoracic surgery and were successfully treated with intravenous etilefrine after failing initial dietary and pharmacological management...
April 27, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700770/conventional-repair-of-total-anomalous-venous-drainage-without-primary-sutureless-technique-surgical-tips-to-prevent-pulmonary-vein-obstruction
#11
Koichi Sughimoto, Kagami Miyaji, Norihiko Oka, Shinzo Torii, Tadashi Kitamura
OBJECTIVES: Although primary sutureless technique for total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage has been introduced to reduce postoperative pulmonary vein obstruction (PVO), controversy still exists about superiority of the procedure between the conventional repair and primary sutureless technique at the initial repair. In our unit, the conventional repair has been consistently used based on four important surgical policies: (1) mark incision lines between 2 chambers to gain anatomically natural alignment, (2) place precise stitches by "intima-to-intima" using monofilament suture, (3) adequate orifice size should be guaranteed in greater than expected mitral valve size, (4) do not hesitate to undertake a redo additional anastomosis by a different approach when an echocardiography shows the velocity more than 1...
April 26, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693703/the-role-of-vegf-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-malignant-pleural-effusion-in-patients-with-non%C3%A2-small-cell-lung-cancer-review
#12
Yao Chen, Nicholas W Mathy, Hongda Lu
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a severe medical condition, which can result in breathlessness, pain, cachexia and reduced physical activity. It can occur in almost all types of malignant tumors; however, lung cancer is the most common cause of MPE, accounting for ~1/3 of clinical cases. Although there are numerous therapeutic approaches currently available for the treatment of MPE, none are fully effective and the majority can only alleviate the symptoms of the patients. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has now been recognized as one of the most important regulatory factors in tumor angiogenesis, which participates in the entire process of tumor growth through its function to stimulate tumor angiogenesis, activate host vascular endothelial cells and promote malignant proliferation...
April 23, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679518/new-insights-in-the-use-of-pleural-ultrasonography-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pleural-disease
#13
Giampietro Marchetti, Sabrina Arondi, Francesca Baglivo, Sara Lonni, Federico Quadri, Alberto Valsecchi, Nicola Venturoli, Paolo Ceruti
The use of transthoracic ultrasound has acquired a wide consensus among respiratory physicians during the last few years. The developing of portable and easily available devices favorites patient's bedside evaluation. Transthoracic ultrasound provides rapid, real-time and low-cost diagnostic information, allowing image-guided chest interventions and reducing procedural risks. The different acoustic impedance between aerated and not aerated organs produces artifacts known as A lines, B lines, sliding sign, lung point, etc...
April 21, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678620/coronary-artery-bypass-graft-readmission-rates-and-risk-factors-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
T Robert Feng, Robert S White, Licia K Gaber-Baylis, Zachary A Turnbull, Lisa Q Rong
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmissions contribute substantially to the overall healthcare cost. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is of particular interest due to its relatively high short-term readmission rates and mean hospital charges. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 2007-2011 data from California, Florida, and New York from the State Inpatient Databases, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. All patients ≥18 years of age who underwent isolated CABG and met inclusion/exclusion criteria were included...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666966/point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-for-diagnosis-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-notes-from-the-field
#15
Maria Teresa Giordani, Francesca Tamarozzi, Daniel Kaminstein, Enrico Brunetti, Tom Heller
BACKGROUND: Thoracic ultrasound is helpful to evaluate lung pathology in patients with acute dyspnea. Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of point-of-care ultrasound in patients with extrapulmonary TB and HIV co-infection. This retrospective, open-label case-control study explores the role of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) in HIV-positive patients. In particular, it highlights the potential role of specific sonographic features that may be unique to this population...
April 17, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666665/splenic-abscess-an-uncommon-entity-with-potentially-life-threatening-evolution
#16
Mei-Chun Lee, Chun-Ming Lee
Background/Purpose: Splenic abscess is rare with potentially life-threatening evolution. The aim of this study is to review the clinical features, microbiological etiologies, treatment, and outcomes of patients with splenic abscess. Methods: We reviewed the admitted patients with suspected splenic abscess and made the diagnosis of splenic abscess. The clinical characteristics, underlying diseases, treatment course, organism spectra, abscess number and size, therapeutic methods, and clinical outcome at a tertiary medical center in Taiwan over a period of 5 years were analyzed...
2018: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664842/incidental-thoracic-findings-on-routine-computed-tomography-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#17
Bobby D OʼLeary, Teresa Treacy, Tony Geoghegan, Tom A Walsh, William D Boyd, Donal J Brennan
INTRODUCTION: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is routinely used in the surveillance of epithelial ovarian cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of thoracic findings on routine MDCT surveillance imaging in patients with ovarian carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of 100 MDCT studies of patients with a diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer was performed at a university teaching hospital. The cross-sectional studies were reviewed by a consultant radiologist with subspeciality training in cross-sectional imaging...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660258/pleural-tuberculosis-a-concise-clinical-review
#18
Jane A Shaw, Elvis M Irusen, Andreas H Diacon, Coenraad Fn Koegelenberg
Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading infectious cause of death worldwide, and the commonest cause of death in people living with HIV. Globally, pleural TB remains one of the most frequent causes of pleural exudates, particularly in TB-endemic areas and in the HIV positive population. Most TB pleural effusions are exudates with high adenosine deaminase (ADA), lymphocyte-rich, straw-coloured and free flowing, with a low yield on mycobacterial culture. TB pleurisy can also present as loculated neutrophil-predominant effusions which mimic parapneumonic effusions...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656120/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndromes-in-the-era-of-interventional-cardiology
#19
REVIEW
Riccardo Gorla, Raimund Erbel, Kim A Eagle, Eduardo Bossone
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), initially reported after cardiovascular surgery, has been described after various interventional cardiology procedures, including endovascular/thoracic aortic repair (EVAR/TEVAR), implantation of heart rhythm devices, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), electrophysiology procedures (EP), and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). In these settings, a comprehensive understanding of the triggers, pathogenesis as well as a common diagnostic/therapeutic algorithm is lacking and will be discussed in this review...
April 12, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651944/role-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-management-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#20
Gentle Sunder Shrestha, Shrikanth Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Sepsis and septic shock remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. In recent years, outcome of patients with sepsis and septic shock has gradually improved, in part due to early recognition and timely appropriate management. Bedside physical examination can be of limited value to identify the source of infection and to decide appropriate management. Moreover, the clinical status of these patients can change rapidly, as a part of disease progression or in response to treatment or intervention...
April 12, 2018: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
keyword
keyword
56921
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"