keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Decision making

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779283/-prevalence-survey-of-dental-trauma-to-immature-permanent-teeth-in-xi-an-schoolchildren
#1
Xiao-Min Wang, Xue-Long Su, Hong Wang, Fei Liu, Ya-Ping Zhao, Qing-Yu Guo
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence rate, distribution, and reasons of immature permanent-tooth trauma in Xi'an were investigated and described, and a scientific basis was provided for the decision-making of health-administration departments. METHODS: Through cluster and simple random sampling survey, 4 013 pupils in schools from nine districts and four counties in Xi'an were sampled. All pupils and their parents were requested to complete a questionnaire. Oral examinations were conducted for children who had immature permanent teeth trauma...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779182/locator%C3%A2-versus-ceramic-electroplated-double-crown-attachments-a-prospective-study-on-the-intraindividual-comparison-of-implant-supported-mandibular-prostheses
#2
Silvia Brandt, Jan Brandt, Ali-Reza Ketabi, Hans-Christoph Lauer, Anna Kunzmann
OBJECTIVES: Implant-supported overdentures are an established dental treatment mode. The aim of this prospective study was and interindividual comparison of patient satisfaction with restorations retained by a prefabricated and thus inexpensive attachment system (Locator®) or with a technologically complex and thus expensive attachment system (ceramic/electroplated double crowns) with similar retentive performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients received a Locator and a double-crown prosthesis in a crossover study for test periods of 3 months each...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779085/progressive-grey-matter-volume-changes-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-over-6-weeks-of-antipsychotic-treatment-and-their-relationship-to-clinical-improvement
#3
Xiao Zhang, Yuyanan Zhang, Jinmin Liao, Sisi Jiang, Jun Yan, Weihua Yue, Dai Zhang, Hao Yan
Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have identified widespread and progressive grey matter volume (GMV) reductions in schizophrenia, especially in the frontal lobe. In this study, we found a progressive GMV decrease in the rostral medial frontal cortex (rMFC, including the anterior cingulate cortex) in the patient group during a 6-week follow-up of 40 patients with schizophrenia and 31 healthy controls well-matched for age, gender, and education. The higher baseline GMV in the rMFC predicted better improvement in the positive score on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and this might be related to the improved reality-monitoring...
May 19, 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778986/breaking-through-the-dilemma-of-whether-to-continue-nursing-newly-graduated-nurses-experiences-of-work-challenges
#4
Hwey-Fang Liang, Chun-Chih Lin, Kuang-Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Newly graduated nurses (NGNs) often encounter unique work challenges. PURPOSE: To discover Taiwanese NGNs' experiences of work challenges. METHOD: An interpretive qualitative design was chosen. In-depth interviews were completed with 25 NGNs working in clinical settings in Taiwan. Data were analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: The essential structure of NGNs' experiences of work challenges was described as struggling and breaking through the dilemma of deciding whether to continue nursing or quit...
May 4, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778947/dissociable-contributions-of-dorsal-and-ventral-striatal-regions-on-a-rodent-cost-benefit-decision-making-task-requiring-cognitive-effort
#5
Mason M Silveira, Melanie Tremblay, Catharine A Winstanley
Cognitive effort is a ubiquitous process, yet surprisingly little is known about the brain mechanisms responsible for evaluating it. Here, we utilize the rat Cognitive Effort Task (rCET) to probe the striatum's role in deciding between options that vary in the amount of cognitive effort required for success. In the rCET, animals choose to perform either an easy trial, in which the attentional demand is low but the potential reward is small, or a difficult trial which is more attentionally demanding but can yield twice the sugar pellets...
April 24, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778934/spatial-accessibility-of-primary-health-care-in-china-a-case-study-in-sichuan-province
#6
Xiuli Wang, Huazhen Yang, Zhanqi Duan, Jay Pan
Access to primary health care is considered a fundamental right and an important facilitator of overall population health. Township health centers (THCs) and Community health centers (CHCs) serve as central hubs of China's primary health care system and have been emphasized during recent health care reforms. Accessibility of these hubs is poorly understood and a better understanding of the current situation is essential for proper decision making. This study assesses spatial access to health care provided by primary health care institutions (THCs/CHCs) in Sichuan Province as a microcosm in China...
May 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778857/development-of-a-risk-score-based-on-aortic-calcification-to-predict-1-year-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#7
Pierre Lantelme, Hélène Eltchaninoff, Muriel Rabilloud, Géraud Souteyrand, Marion Dupré, Marco Spaziano, Marc Bonnet, Clément Becle, Benjamin Riche, Eric Durand, Erik Bouvier, Jean-Nicolas Dacher, Pierre-Yves Courand, Lucie Cassagnes, Eduardo E Dávila Serrano, Pascal Motreff, Loic Boussel, Thierry Lefèvre, Brahim Harbaoui
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a new scoring system based on thoracic aortic calcification (TAC) to predict 1-year cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. BACKGROUND: A calcified aorta is often associated with poor prognosis after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). A risk score encompassing aortic calcification may be valuable in identifying poor TAVR responders. METHODS: The C4 CAPRI (4 Cities for Assessing CAlcification PRognostic Impact) multicenter study included a training cohort (1,425 patients treated using TAVR between 2010 and 2014) and a contemporary test cohort (311 patients treated in 2015)...
May 11, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778826/intra-and-inter-rater-reliabilities-for-novel-muscle-thickness-assessment-during-co-contraction-with-dual-rehabilitative-ultrasound-imaging
#8
Hwang-Jae Lee, Hyun-Geun Ha, Joohee Hahn, Seungyeop Lim, Wan-Hee Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliabilities of dual-rehabilitative ultrasound imaging (D-RUSI) for the simultaneous measurement of the thickness of the tibialis anterior (TA) and gastrocnemius (GCM) muscles in healthy young adults. DESIGN: A single-group repeated-measures reliability study. SETTING: Rehabilitative ultrasound imaging analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six healthy participants (23 males; age = 26...
May 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778803/age-affects-reinforcement-learning-through-dopamine-based-learning-imbalance-and-high-decision-noise-not-through-parkinsonian-mechanisms
#9
Ravi B Sojitra, Itamar Lerner, Jessica R Petok, Mark A Gluck
Probabilistic reinforcement learning declines in healthy cognitive aging. While some findings suggest impairments are especially conspicuous in learning from rewards, resembling deficits in Parkinson's disease, others also show impairments in learning from punishments. To reconcile these findings, we tested 252 adults from 3 age groups on a probabilistic reinforcement learning task, analyzed trial-by-trial performance with a Q-reinforcement learning model, and correlated both fitted model parameters and behavior to polymorphisms in dopamine-related genes...
April 19, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778777/modeling-the-dynamics-of-recognition-memory-testing-with-an-integrated-model-of-retrieval-and-decision-making
#10
Adam F Osth, Anna Jansson, Simon Dennis, Andrew Heathcote
A robust finding in recognition memory is that performance declines monotonically across test trials. Despite the prevalence of this decline, there is a lack of consensus on the mechanism responsible. Three hypotheses have been put forward: (1) interference is caused by learning of test items (2) the test items cause a shift in the context representation used to cue memory and (3) participants change their speed-accuracy thresholds through the course of testing. We implemented all three possibilities in a combined model of recognition memory and decision making, which inherits the memory retrieval elements of the Osth and Dennis (2015) model and uses the diffusion decision model (DDM: Ratcliff, 1978) to generate choice and response times...
May 17, 2018: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778763/oscillation-patterns-of-local-field-potentials-in-the-dorsal-striatum-and-sensorimotor-cortex-during-the-encoding-maintenance-and-decision-stages-for-the-ordinal-comparison-of-sub-and-supra-second-signal-durations
#11
REVIEW
Bon-Mi Gu, Keshav Kukreja, Warren H Meck
Ordinal comparison of successively presented signal durations requires a) the encoding of the first signal duration (standard), b) maintenance of temporal information specific to the standard duration in memory, and c) timing of the second signal duration (comparison) during which a comparison is made of the first and second durations. Rats were first trained to make ordinal comparisons of signal durations within three time ranges using 0.5, 1.0, and 3.0-s standard durations. Local field potentials were then recorded from the dorsal striatum and sensorimotor cortex in order to investigate the pattern of neural oscillations during each phase of the ordinal-comparison process...
May 17, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778626/factors-underlying-risk-taking-in-heroin-dependent-individuals-feedback-processing-and-environmental-contingencies
#12
Daniella M Saleme, Bruno Kluwe-Schiavon, Abdrabo Soliman, Błażej Misiak, Dorota Frydecka, Ahmed A Moustafa
Evidence suggests that factors influencing risk-taking include whether decisions are made based on emotions (affective systems) or cognitions (deliberative systems), the processing of feedback (e.g., deciding to attend a rehabilitation facility for opioid addiction treatment after an intervention held by a family member), and attention to environmental contingencies (e.g., considering the probability of an outcome such as the likelihood of contracting tetanus from a shared needle; or the gains and losses associated with a decision, such as the benefits and costs of taking drugs)...
May 17, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778589/significant-mitral-regurgitation-worsens-the-prognosis-and-favors-the-decision-of-conservative-treatment-in-octogenarians-with-severe-symptomatic-aortic-stenosis
#13
Juan José Gómez-Doblas, Miguel Antonio López-Garrido, Víctor Manuel Becerra-Muñoz, Hugo Nelson Orellana-Figueroa, Amelia Carro Hevia, Bernardo García de la Villa, Luis Cornide, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
INTRODUCTION: The coexistence of significant mitral regurgitation (MR) and severe aortic stenosis is prevalent, has a prognostic impact and makes treatment in the elderly population a complex issue. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of significant MR among a population of octogenarians and its influence on treatment and prognosis. METHODS: We used the data from PEGASO (Pronóstico de la Estenosis Grave Aórtica Sintomática del Octogenario), a prospective registry that consecutively included 928 patients aged ≥80 years with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778497/food-groups-for-allergen-risk-assessment-combining-food-consumption-data-from-different-countries-in-europe
#14
Sophie Birot, Charlotte B Madsen, Astrid G Kruizinga, Amélie Crépet, Tue Christensen, Per B Brockhoff
To prevent allergic reactions, food producers have to be able to make a knowledge based decision on whether to label their products with precautionary labelling. As many manufactured food products are sold in different countries across Europe, the allergen risk assessment should be estimated at the European levels. As currently, there are no pan-European food data suitable for food allergy risk assessment. The aim of this paper is to investigate if consumption data, at a meal level, from National Food Consumption Surveys, can be combined to form a common Food Consumption database...
May 17, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778474/a-longitudinal-observational-study-of-the-dynamics-of-mycoplasma-bovis-antibodies-in-naturally-exposed-and-diseased-dairy-cows
#15
Mette B Petersen, Jeanette Pedersen, Dinah L Holm, Matthew Denwood, Liza R Nielsen
Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen causing disease and substantial economic losses in cattle. However, knowledge of the dynamics of antibody responses in individual cows in the face of an outbreak is currently extremely limited. The use of commercial antibody tests to support clinical decision-making and for surveillance purposes is therefore challenging. Our objective was to describe the dynamics of M. bovis antibody responses in 4 Danish dairy herds experiencing an acute outbreak of M. bovis-associated disease, and to compare the antibody dynamics between dairy cows with different disease manifestations...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778437/state-level-adoption-of-national-guidelines-for-norovirus-outbreaks-in-health-care-settings
#16
Carl J Grafe, Catherine J Staes, Kensaku Kawamoto, Matthew H Samore, R Scott Evans
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support (CDS) systems can help investigators use best practices when responding to outbreaks, but variation in guidelines between jurisdictions can make such systems hard to develop and implement. This study aimed to identify (1) the extent to which state-level guidelines adhere to national recommendations for norovirus outbreak response in health care settings and (2) the impact of variation between states on outbreak outcomes. METHODS: State guidelines were obtained from Internet searches and direct contact with state public health officials in early 2016...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778349/a-contemporary-prostate-biopsy-risk-calculator-based-on-multiple-heterogeneous-cohorts
#17
Donna P Ankerst, Johanna Straubinger, Katharina Selig, Lourdes Guerrios, Amanda De Hoedt, Javier Hernandez, Michael A Liss, Robin J Leach, Stephen J Freedland, Michael W Kattan, Robert Nam, Alexander Haese, Francesco Montorsi, Stephen A Boorjian, Matthew R Cooperberg, Cedric Poyet, Emily Vertosick, Andrew J Vickers
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer prediction tools provide quantitative guidance for doctor-patient decision-making regarding biopsy. The widely used online Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial Risk Calculator (PCPTRC) utilized data from the 1990s based on six-core biopsies and outdated grading systems. OBJECTIVE: We prospectively gathered data from men undergoing prostate biopsy in multiple diverse North American and European institutions participating in the Prostate Biopsy Collaborative Group (PBCG) in order to build a state-of-the-art risk prediction tool...
May 16, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778317/appropriate-use-of-noninvasive-ischemia-testing-to-guide-revascularization-decision-making-following-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-latin-american-countries-results-from-an-expert-panel-meeting-of-the-international-atomic-energy-agency
#18
I Berrocal, A Peix, F Mut, L J Shaw, G Karthikeyan, E Estrada Lobato, D Paez
Across Latin American and Caribbean countries, cardiovascular disease and especially ischemic heart disease is currently the main cause of death both in men and in women. For most Latin American and Caribbean countries, public and community health efforts aim to define care strategies which are both clinically and cost effective and promote primary and secondary prevention, resulting in improved patient outcomes. The optimal approach to deal with acute events such as ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a matter of controversy; however, there is an expanding role for assessing residual ischemic burden in STEMI patients following primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
May 16, 2018: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778123/educated-and-at-risk-how-the-shortage-of-available-partners-influences-hiv-risk-for-college-educated-african-american-women
#19
Valerie R Newsome, Collins O Airhihenbuwa, Shedra Amy Snipes
BACKGROUND: African-Americans have the greatest gender-ratio imbalance compared to other racial groups in the United States. This has been associated with higher rates of concurrent sexual partnerships, increasing risk of HIV infection. College-educated African-American women are of particular interest as they are not often represented in studies on HIV prevention, while their dating and sexual negotiation patterns may differ from those of their lower-educated and lower-income counterparts more often the subject of study in HIV research among African-Americans...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778122/provider-language-proficiency-and-decision-making-when-caring-for-limited-english-proficiency-children-and-families
#20
Yolanda N Evans, Sarah A Rafton, Eriberto Michel, Beth E Ebel
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between self-assessed language ability and provision of clinical care without professional interpretation. METHODS: We conducted an anonymous web-based survey of pediatric residents at a large pediatric training program. Respondents self-rated their language ability, and then reported on their willingness to deliver clinical care without professional interpretation in standardized clinical scenarios. RESULTS: All pediatric residents completed the survey (n=81; 100%)...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
keyword
keyword
5692
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"