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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758633/operator-product-expansion-in-liouville-field-theory-and-seiberg-type-transitions-in-log-correlated-random-energy-models
#1
Xiangyu Cao, Pierre Le Doussal, Alberto Rosso, Raoul Santachiara
We study transitions in log-correlated random energy models (logREMs) that are related to the violation of a Seiberg bound in Liouville field theory (LFT): the binding transition and the termination point transition (a.k.a., pre-freezing). By means of LFT-logREM mapping, replica symmetry breaking and traveling-wave equation techniques, we unify both transitions in a two-parameter diagram, which describes the free-energy large deviations of logREMs with a deterministic background log potential, or equivalently, the joint moments of the free energy and Gibbs measure in logREMs without background potential...
April 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756955/multicenter-study-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-non-critically-ill-elderly-patients-compared-to-younger-patients-study-iaios-pn-incidence-and-assessment-of-iatrogenesis-in-older-subjects-receiving-parenteral-nutrition
#2
Javier Mateu-de Antonio, David Berlana, Montserrat Pons-Bussom, Maria B Badia-Tahull, María Teresa Miana-Mena, Beatriz Martínez-Castro, Neus Sunyer-Esquerrà, Mónica Sanmartin-Suñer, Juan González-Valdivieso, Elisabet Leiva-Badosa, Eva Martínez-Bernabé, Anna Murgadella-Sancho, Nuria Mirerachs-Aranda, Anna Vila-Bundó, Jordi Fernández-Morató, María Teresa Vitales-Farrero
OBJECTIVE: this study assessed the incidence of hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and liver function test (LFT) alterations among patients older and younger than 65 years receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). A secondary objective was to compare the incidence of any of these three events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: inclusion criteria were non-critically ill adult inpatients receiving PN for ≥ 7 days in 15 hospitals in Spain. Exclusion criteria were hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, LFT alterations, sepsis, shock, pancreatic/hepatobiliary surgery, renal failure, diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1, insulin-treated DM type 2, acute DM complications, or obesity prior to PN...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697869/parenting-programs-during-adolescence-outcomes-from-universal-and-targeted-interventions-offered-in-real-world-settings
#3
Elin K Alfredsson, Valgeir Thorvaldsson, Ulf Axberg, Anders G Broberg
The aim of this naturalistic study was to explore short and long-term outcomes of five different group-based parenting programs offered to parents of 10 to 17-year-olds. Three hundred and fifteen parents (277 mothers and 38 fathers) who had enrolled in a parenting program (universal: Active Parenting, COPE; Connect; targeted: COMET; Leadership training for parents of teenagers [LFT]) answered questionnaires at three measurement waves (baseline, post-measurement, and one-year follow-up). The questions concerned parenting style, parental mental health, family climate and adolescent mental health...
April 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673744/assessing-the-burden-of-abnormal-lfts-and-the-role-of-the-electronic-health-record-a-retrospective-study
#4
Andrew D Schreiner, Patrick D Mauldin, William P Moran, Valerie Durkalski-Mauldin, Jingwen Zhang, Samuel O Schumann, Marc E Heincelman, Justin Marsden, Don C Rockey
INTRODUCTION: Primary care clinicians encounter abnormal liver function tests (LFTs) frequently. This study assesses the prevalence of abnormal LFTs and patient follow-up patterns in response. METHODS: This is a retrospective study from 2007-2016 of adult patients with abnormal LFTs seen in an internal medicine clinic. The proportion of patients with follow-up testing and the time (in days) to repeat LFTs were the primary outcomes measured. Results were evaluated before and after the implementation of the institution's electronic health record (EHR)...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595092/comparative-safety-evaluation-of-riot-control-agents-of-synthetic-and-natural-origin
#5
Ravindra M Satpute, Pramod K Kushwaha, D P Nagar, P V L Rao
Riot control agents (RCA) are lachrymatory, irritating compounds which temporarily incapacitate the uncontainable crowd. Ortho-Chlorobenzylidene-malononitrile (CS), 2-chloroacetophenone (CN), dibenz[b,f]1:4-oxazepine (CR), and nonivamide (PAVA) are synthetic RCAs, while oleoresin extract of chili known as oleoresin capsicum (OC) a natural irritant has been in use by various law enforcement agencies. Though efficacy of these agents is beyond doubt, they suffer from certain drawbacks including toxicity, production cost, and ecological compatibility...
February 2018: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453782/unusual-spontaneous-porto-systemic-shunt-the-importance-of-diagnosing-non-anatomical-porto-systemic-shunts-to-improve-portal-flow-in-pediatric-living-related-liver-transplantation-case-report
#6
Juan S Rubio, Carolina Rumbo, Pablo A Farinelli, Nicolás Aguirre, Diego A Ramisch, Hugo Paladini, Pablo D Angelo, Pablo Barros Schelotto, Gabriel E Gondolesi
Collateral circulation secondary to liver cirrhosis may cause the development of large PSSs that may steal flow from the main portal circulation. It is important to identify these shunts prior to, or during the transplant surgery because they might cause an insufficient portal flow to the implanted graft. There are few reports of "steal flow syndrome" cases in pediatrics, even in biliary atresia patients that may have portal hypoplasia as an associated malformation. We present a 12-month-old female who received an uneventful LDLT from her mother, and the GRWR was 4...
March 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333040/pharmacological-screening-of-trachyspermum-ammi-for-antihyperlipidemic-activity-in-triton-x-100-induced-hyperlipidemia-rat-model
#7
Uzma Saleem, Saba Riaz, Bashir Ahmad, Mohammad Saleem
Background: Mortality rate is increasing due to cardiovascular problems throughout the world. These cardiac problems are directly associated with dyslipidemia. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antihyperlipidemic effect of aqueous extract and methanol extract of Trachyspermum ammi at 1 g/kg, 3 g/kg, and 5 g/kg dose levels in rats. Materials and Methods: For this purpose, 45 male albino rats were used and randomly divided into nine equal groups ( n = 5)...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321458/wax-assisted-one-step-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-on-lateral-flow-test-devices
#8
Masanori Ishii, Pattarachaya Preechakasedkit, Kentaro Yamada, Orawon Chailapakul, Koji Suzuki, Daniel Citterio
Lateral flow tests (LFTs) are widely used analytical tools characterized by portability, operator simplicity and short analysis times. A remaining challenge is their limited analytical sensitivity, which in classical immunoassay formats is overcome by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) formats. The implementation of ELISA to an LFT format however, is hampered by the complexity of the procedure requiring the enzyme substrate addition after sample addition. In this work, a simple method for automation of this procedure without user interference is presented...
2018: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194774/current-clinical-algorithms-for-predicting-common-bile-duct-stones-have-only-moderate-accuracy
#9
Mohamed Ebrahim, Lars T Sorensen, Lars N Jorgensen, Evangelos Kalaitzakis
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A risk-stratified approach for selecting patients likely to harbor common bile duct (CBD) stones to proceed directly to endoscopic or surgical stone clearance, rather than undergo less invasive testing, has been proposed. We assessed the performance of three clinical algorithms used to predict CBD stones. METHODS: All patients undergoing first-time endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in 2011-2012 as a result of suspected CBD stones were enrolled prospectively in a clinical database...
December 1, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174520/liver-dysfunction-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-of-with-preterm-birth-in-china-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Xun Zhuang, Ai-Min Cui, Qin Wang, Xiao-Yan Cheng, Yi Shen, Wei-Hua Cai, Hai-Bo Li, Sheng Zhang, Gang Qin
BACKGROUND: Liver dysfunction is common in pregnancy but its association with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth (PTB) remains unclear. METHODS: A prospective cohort of HBV-infected or uninfected pregnant women attending antenatal care was recruited at Nantong Maternal and Child Health Hospital between January 1, 2012, and June 30, 2016. Liver function tests (LFTs) were monitored through pregnancy. The primary outcomes were PTB and very PTB (delivery prior 37 and 32weeks' gestation respectively)...
December 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075564/gender-differences-in-safety-issues-during-fingolimod-therapy-evidence-from-a-real-life-relapsing-multiple-sclerosis-cohort
#11
Alessia Manni, Vita Direnzo, Antonio Iaffaldano, Valentina Di Lecce, Carla Tortorella, Stefano Zoccolella, Pietro Iaffaldano, Maria Trojano, Damiano Paolicelli
OBJECTIVE: Benefits and risks of new therapies in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) must be balanced carefully and tailored to patients. We aimed to describe our experience with Fingolimod (FTY), correlating demographics, clinical and hematological features of the Relapsing MS (RMS) cohort with the occurring Adverse Events (AEs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pretreatment screening tests, cardiological observation, and safety follow-up data were analyzed in 225 RMS patients. Changes in continuous data were analyzed post hoc with Wilcoxon ranks test; categorical variables were examined using McNemar test...
October 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075108/community-pharmacy-based-case-finding-for-copd-in-urban-and-rural-settings-is-feasible-and-effective
#12
Mariam Fathima, Bandana Saini, Juliet M Foster, Carol L Armour
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Case finding of patients at risk of COPD by community pharmacists could identify a substantial number of people with undiagnosed COPD, but little is known about the feasibility and effectiveness of pharmacy-based COPD case finding using microspirometry. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of COPD case-finding service provided by community pharmacists, utilizing a combination of risk assessment questionnaire and microspirometry...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067150/care-standards-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-the-united-kingdom-2016-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
David A Sheridan, Guru Aithal, William Alazawi, Michael Allison, Quentin Anstee, Jeremy Cobbold, Shahid Khan, Andrew Fowell, Stuart McPherson, Philip N Newsome, Jude Oben, Jeremy Tomlinson, Emmanouil Tsochatzis
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines for the assessment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have been published in 2016 by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and European Associations for the study of the Liver-European Association for the study of Diabetes-European Association for the study of Obesity. Prior to publication of these guidelines, we performed a cross-sectional survey of gastroenterologists and hepatologists regarding NAFLD diagnosis and management. DESIGN: An online survey was circulated to members of British Association for the Study of the Liver and British Society of Gastroenterology between February 2016 and May 2016...
October 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065845/identification-of-electrophysiological-changes-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-microarray-based-transcriptomics-and-molecular-pathway-analysis-study
#14
Zeenat Mirza, Nisreen Rajeh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Involvement of amyloid beta and tau proteins in pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been studied extensively. However, electrophysiological activity, and cellular processes like membrane transport are mostly unstudied. Electrophysiological processes provide a bridge between brain activity and cognition, and show promise as translatable biomarkers in preclinical and clinical applications. Biochemical imbalance leads to change in glutamate-based neurotransmission, antioxidant capacity, and in membrane polarization-repolarization events, eventually, resulting in AD...
2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974877/pre-operative-hepatic-artery-resistive-index-is-a-non-invasive-predictive-indicator-of-prognosis-in-biliary-atresia
#15
Deepak Mittal, Veereshwar Bhatnagar, Sandeep Agarwala, Maddur Srinivas, Manisha Jana, Arun Kumar Gupta, Nibhriti Das, Manoj Kumar Singh
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate hepatic artery resistive index (HARI) as a noninvasive prognostic predictor by correlating it with peripheral blood nitric oxide (NO) levels, portal pressure (PP) and histopathological changes in the liver in patients of biliary atresia (BA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients were included in the study prospectively from November 2012 to June 2014. All patients underwent Doppler sonography to calculate the HARI preoperatively...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946570/effects-of-postural-exercises-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-pisa-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#16
Francesco Lena, Ennio Iezzi, Mohammad Etoom, Marco Santilli, Diego Centonze, Calogero Foti, Giovanni Grillea, Nicola Modugno
BACKGROUND: Pisa syndrome (PS) or lateral axial dystonia is often seen in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). It is characterized by a marked and reversible lateral flexion of the trunk (LFT) more than 10°. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a program of postural exercises and assess the effectiveness in term of pattern of muscular hyperactivity. METHODS: A total of 6 patients with PD and PS enrolled in the program of 10 sessions of postural exercise (90 min/session)...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940587/liver-dysfunction-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-prevalence-outcomes-and-pathological-findings
#17
Paul J Hampel, Kari G Chaffee, Rebecca L King, Douglas Simonetto, Melissa C Larson, Sara Achenbach, Timothy G Call, Wei Ding, Saad S Kenderian, Jose F Leis, Asher A Chanan-Khan, Deborah A Bowen, Michael J Conte, Susan M Schwager, Curtis A Hanson, Susan L Slager, Neil E Kay, Tait D Shanafelt, Sameer A Parikh
The prevalence of liver dysfunction and its association with outcomes in patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is unknown. Newly diagnosed (<12 months) previously untreated CLL patients seen at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN between 9/1993 and 4/2016 who had baseline assessment of at least one liver function test (LFT) were included in this analysis. The prevalence of liver dysfunction at baseline, proportion of patients who acquired LFT abnormalities, time to first therapy (TTFT) and overall survival (OS) were assessed...
December 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932906/safety-study-and-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-the-oral-tablet-formulation-of-posaconazole-in-patients-with-haematological-malignancies
#18
C Boglione-Kerrien, S Picard, C Tron, S Nimubona, J-P Gangneux, S Lalanne, F Lemaitre, E Bellissant, M-C Verdier, A Petitcollin
PURPOSE: Posaconazole is a triazole antifungal widely used for prophylaxis of invasive fungal disease (IFI). Posaconazole tablets allow reaching higher plasma levels than the oral suspension, but safety data with this formulation in real life are scarce. This study aimed at evaluating the safety profile, the pharmacokinetic variability, and the concentration-toxicity relationship of posaconazole tablets in patients with haematological malignancies. METHODS: Sixty neutropenic patients treated with posaconazole tablets for prophylaxis of IFI were prospectively included in the study...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912916/acute-liver-failure-in-a-patient-travelling-from-asia-the-other-face-of-the-coin-of-infectious-disease
#19
Balen Abdulrahman, Mohamed H Ahmed, John Ramage
We present a case of a 63-year-old male who had travelled from South India to United Kingdom (UK) visiting relatives. He had developed episodes of diarrhea, vomiting and fevers while travelling and on assessment in hospital, mild abdominal distension was noted with rapid deterioration to hypovolemic shock. Initial blood test showed a low platelet count with deranged liver function tests (LFTs). It was noted that during admission to intensive care unit (ICU), blood continued to ooze from a previous surgical laparoscopy wound, central and arterial line access sites...
August 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873351/frequency-and-pathological-characteristics-of-drug-induced-liver-injury-in-a-tertiary-medical-center
#20
Mark Ettel, Gabriel Acosta Gonzalez, Shweta Gera, Ogechukwu Eze, Samuel Sigal, James S Park, Ruliang Xu
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) accounts for approximately 10% of acute hepatitis cases. DILI can arise as idiosyncratic or intrinsic injury from hundreds of drugs, herbals, and nutritional supplements and is essential to recognize as one of the differential diagnoses of hepatitis in a liver biopsy. The purpose of this study is to investigate the frequency and pathological characteristics of DILI related to the variety of hepatotoxic agents. We searched our pathology database for all patients with hepatitis diagnosed on liver biopsy from January 2012 to May 2016, and selected patients with a diagnosis of DILI...
October 2017: Human Pathology
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