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FNAC of abdominal masses

Moupali Ghosh, Nelofar Islam, Hinglaj Saha, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay, Chhanda Datta, Koushik Saha, Uttara Chatterjee
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is a tumor of intermediate grade with a low rate of metastasis. The tumor often mimics malignancy. There is sparse literature available describing the cytological findings of this rare condition. It often presents in infancy and childhood as an intra-abdominal mass. Here, we describe the cytological findings of three cases of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in infants aged 10 months, 4 months, and 15 months, respectively. While the first two cases are fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) smears, the third case is that of an intraoperative imprint cytology...
April 19, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Rimesh Pal, Ashu Rastogi, Santosh Kumar, Anil Bhansali
A 45-year-old woman was diagnosed as having multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A in 2014. She had bilateral pheochromocytoma, medullary thyroid carcinoma and biopsy-proven cutaneous lichen amyloidosis in the interscapular area. She underwent bilateral adrenalectomy; following which, she achieved clinical and biochemical remission. She was planned for total thyroidectomy at a later date; however, she was lost to follow-up. She presented to us again in December 2016 with abdominal pain. Examination revealed hypertension with postural drop...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Divya A Ail, Avinash R Joshi, Irmeen Manzoor, Sukhada Patil, Maithili Kulkarni
Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a simple, non-invasive diagnostic modality which can be performed with ease on any superficially palpable lesion. Surgical scar endometriosis is a rare entity which presents as an abdominal lump in women of reproductive age. It is often a diagnostic pitfall for clinicians due to its nonspecific symptoms. It displays characteristic morphology, which needs to be identified and recognized by a cytopathologist for accurate diagnosis. FNAC can be used as a key diagnostic tool in cases of abdominal wall mass for appropriate patient management, thereby avoiding unnecessary diagnostic procedures...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
Aanchal Kakkar, Mehar C Sharma, Rajni Yadav, Rajesh Panwar, Sandeep R Mathur, Venkateswaran K Iyer, Peush Sahni
Mixed serous neuroendocrine neoplasms are extremely rare tumors that are usually seen in female patients and are often associated with von Hippel Lindau (VHL) disease. We describe the case of a 38-year-old male who presented with complaints of anorexia, weight loss, and abdominal pain. CT abdomen showed a mass in the head of the pancreas, multiple small nodules in the body of pancreas, and bilateral adrenal masses. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) from the mass showed features of a neuroendocrine tumor, with many of the cells demonstrating abundant clear cytoplasm...
August 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
Shashikala Vinayakamurthy, Nandini Manoli, Prathima Shivajirao, Manjunath, Sunila Jothady
INTRODUCTION: Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) of space occupying lesions in superficial or deep anatomic sites is an increasingly common procedure, providing rapid and safe diagnosis. However, sometimes FNA does not yield sufficient information for a precise diagnosis and the risk of false negatives and indeterminate diagnosis is always present. Therefore, we attempted to obtain additional information via the preparation of Cell Block (CB) from the residual material of aspirates and thus enhance the diagnostic accuracy...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Rajni Yadav, Partheeban Balasundaram, Asit R Mridha, Venkateswaran K Iyer, Sandeep R Mathur
Lymphoma of the female genital tract is a rare condition. Involvement of the ovary by non- Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is usually secondary to systemic disease and primary ovarian lymphomas are unusual. In most cases, the diagnosis is not suspected initially and is confirmed only after detailed histopathological evaluation. We describe two cases of primary ovarian NHL which were diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). One of the patients was a 40 years old female who presented with abdominal distension and lump...
2016: CytoJournal
Mukta Pujani, Sujata Jetley, Zeeba S Jairajpuri, Sabina Khan, Mohd Jaseem Hassan, Safia Rana, Mukesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Image guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a safe, simple, rapid, cost effective and accurate modality in evaluation of deep seated lumps (abdominal, pelvic and intrathoracic masses) which are unapproachable by blind FNAC. In this study, a critical analysis of the utility of image guided FNAC in deep seated and otherwise inacessible mass lesions was carried out. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Fifty-four ultrasound (USG) or computed tomography (CT) guided FNACs from lumps at any location in the body, that is, thoracic, abdominal, pelvic etc over a period of 3 years (January 2012- December 2014) were included in the study...
2016: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
B S Sumana, Bharathi Muniyappa
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is currently the most favoured and increasingly used pre-operative diagnostic procedure in various deep seated neoplastic and non-neoplastic mass lesions. Cell blocks prepared from residual fine needle aspiration (FNA) material can aid in better morphologic assessment and contribute to establish a more definitive cytopathologic diagnosis. AIM: To assess the value of ultrasonography guided FNAC in the diagnosis of intra-abdominal (non-pelvic) masses...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Utpal Mondal, Nichole Henkes, David Henkes, Laura Rosenkranz
Pancreatic hemangioma is a rare type of benign vascular tumor. Low clinical suspicion and inability of current cross sectional imaging techniques to differentiate it from other pancreatic lesions, contribute to the difficulty in making the correct diagnosis. Without a definitive diagnosis, and due to concern for malignancy, in many instances, surgery is performed. We report a case of pancreas cavernous hemangioma in an 18-year-old female. The patient presented with three-month history of epigastric pain. Physical examination and routine blood tests were normal...
September 7, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Raman Sharma, Sushanto Neogi
Human cysticercosis most commonly affects the subcutaneous tissues, skeletal muscles, lungs, brain, eyes, liver and, rarely, the heart, thyroid and pancreas. Owing to vague clinical presentation and unfamiliarity of clinicians with this entity, it is difficult to diagnosis when seen as an isolated cyst. We present a case of a 16-year-old boy who presented with an upper abdominal lump and jaundice. Ultrasonography (USG) and MRI of the abdomen were carried out, which revealed a cystic mass (8.5 × 7 × 7 cm) in the pancreas...
July 9, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Lixia Wang, Fang Zhu, Hongqi Shi, Shanxian Lou, Wei Shen
This case report describes the use of fine needle aspiration cytology to diagnose a granular cell tumour (GCT) that presented as a painless, palpable mass at the abdominal wall in a 50-year-old woman who had had the mass for ≥1 year prior to presentation. Routine haematoxylin and eosin staining of the cytological smears demonstrated that the specimen was predominantly cellular; it contained both cell clusters and single cells with abundant granular cytoplasm and indistinct cell borders. Cells were fragile and had fairly uniform naked nuclei that were scattered with vacuolated and prominent nucleoli...
August 2015: Journal of International Medical Research
Eduardo A Rodriguez, Frederick K Williams
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune pancreatitis is an IgG4-related fibroinflammatory condition often associated with obstructive jaundice, as most lesions are located at the head of the pancreas. IgG4 level can help in the diagnosis, but it is normal in nearly 30% of affected patients. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old woman presented with a 5-month history of 20-pound unintentional weight loss and intermittent abdominal pain. She had an unremarkable abdominal exam and significant findings included a small, non-mobile rubbery left axillary lymph node...
2015: American Journal of Case Reports
Takatsugu Matsumoto, Nobutaka Tanaka, Motoki Nagai, Daisuke Koike, Yuki Sakuraoka, Keiichi Kubota
Heterotopic pancreas (HP) is a rare entity which is defined as the presence of pancreatic tissue lacking anatomical and vascular continuity with the pancreas. It is most commonly found along foregut derivatives, such as the stomach, duodenum, and jejunum. It is frequently encountered incidentally in asymptomatic patients, and symptomatic patients are rare and do not exhibit any specific symptoms. Accordingly, HP is difficult to diagnose before surgery. Here we report an unusual case of gastric heterotopic pancreatitis causing gastric outlet obstruction diagnosed preoperatively using endoscopic ultrasonography guided fine needle aspiration cytology...
April 2015: International Surgery
M K Ahsan, A H Khan, Z Rahman, M A Hye, S M Alam, H Bardhan, S H Chowdhury
The present study was carried out with the aims to diagnose abdominal masses by FNAC with the help of ultrasonography guidance and to determine the diagnostic accuracy of FNAC. One hundred consecutive patients were studied during the period from January 2005 to December 2005. Histopathological examination was done to correlate with the cytologic diagnosis. The results of comparative study of USG-guided FNAC and histopathology were significant (P value was <0.001). In USG-guided FNAC, it was found that 64 were malignant tumors, 5 were benign tumors, 28 were inflammatory and 3 were inadequate material...
January 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Surbhi Goyal, Asmita Parihar, Vandana Puri, Naveen Sharma, Ankur Goyal, Vinod Kumar Arora
Malakoplakia is a rare chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease, related to immune deficiency and impaired bactericidal macrophage activity. Common sites of involvement include urinary bladder and kidney followed by gastrointestinal tract. We present an unusual case of abdominal malakoplakia diagnosed preoperatively on ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). It presented as a large locally aggressive mass with extensive involvement of multiple bowel loops in an 18-year-old boy following blunt trauma to the abdomen...
June 2015: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Isidro Machado, María Victoria López-Soto, Luis Rubio, Lara Navarro, Antonio Llombart-Bosch
A new case of soft tissue myoepithelial carcinoma (MEC) with rhabdoid-like differentiation is presented including cytologic, histopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular biologic features. A 45-year-old woman was admitted to the Hospital with nodular mass involving the lower part of the abdominal wall. Fine-needle aspiration cytology showed a round cell tumor with abundant cytoplasm in the myxoid background. The nuclei were uniform, round to ovoid, with finely distributed chromatin, nucleoli, and pale, vacuolated, or eosinophilic cytoplasm with rhabdoid-like appearance resembling a soft tissue malignant rhabdoid tumor...
May 2015: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Mukut D, Hemanth Sureshwara Ghalige, Santhosh R, M Birkumar Sharma, Th Sudhir Chandra Singh
Mesenteric Fibromatosis (MF) is a proliferative fibroblastic lesion of small intestinal mesentery. It constitutes 8% of all desmoid tumours, which represent 0.03% of all neoplasm. It is histologically benign but may invade locally and recur after excision. It occurs sporadically or in association with Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) mutation as a component of Gardner's syndrome. The presenting features of MF are asymptomatic abdominal mass, abdominal discomfort or pain, bowel or ureteral obstruction, intestinal perforation, fistula, functional impairment of ileoanal anastomosis following colectomy in FAP cases...
November 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
K A Bothale, H Kolhe, S D Mahore, A R Wilkinson
Hydatidosis is a parasitic infestation caused by larval form of the tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus. Primary hydatid cyst in the skeletal muscles and subcutaneous tissue of thigh without involving thoracic and abdominal organs is an exceptional entity, even in countries where the Echinococcus infestation is endemic. We report an unusual case of primary hydatid cyst of thigh in proximity to skeletal muscles. This case illustrates that echinococcal disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of every subcutaneous cystic mass...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Auradha De Pati, Supti Mukhopadhyay, Ayandip Nandi, Indranil Das
A unique case of unilateral ovarian luteinized thecoma with sclerosing peritonitis is reported because the association between these two conditions is extremely rare. Etiology is not clearly known. A 50-year-old post-menopausal woman presented with pain abdomen and huge swelling. Pelvic contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) revealed a heterogenous enhancing mass arising possibly from ovary and adherent to uterus, bowl loops, and omentum. A spindle cell neoplasm without definite features of malignancy was reported in computed tomography (CT)-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)...
October 2014: Journal of Mid-life Health
Mahendra Singh, Lovekesh Kumar, Rajkumar Chejara, Om Prakash Prasad, Yuvraj Kolhe, Ashish Saxena
Schwannoma is a benign tumour of peripheral nerve sheath. It usually arises from head, neck, and trunk. Retroperitoneal schwannoma is a rare entity, accounting for only 0.3-3% of total schwannomas. Majority of retroperitoneal schwannomas reported in literature have a diameter of 5 to 15 cm. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult due to low frequency, nonspecific clinical course, and nonspecific imaging features. Histology usually provides definitive diagnosis. Schwannomas are solitary, well-circumscribed, and noninvasive, so complete surgical excision provides good result...
2014: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
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