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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905829/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-dimensions-and-asthma-morbidity-in-world-trade-center-rescue-and-recovery-workers
#1
Irina Mindlis, Esperanza Morales-Raveendran, Emily Goodman, Kevin Xu, Clara Vila-Castelar, Kristine Keller, Ginger Crawford, Shynah James, Craig Katz, Laura E Crowley, Rafael E de la Hoz, Steven Markowitz, Juan P Wisnivesky
Objective Using data from a cohort of World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers with asthma, we assessed whether meeting criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), sub- PTSD and for specific PTSD symptom dimensions are associated with increased asthma morbidity. Methods Participants underwent a Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual to assess presence of PTSD following DSM-IV criteria during in-person interviews between December 2013 and April 2015. We defined sub-threshold PTSD as meeting criteria for two of three symptom dimensions: re-experiencing, avoidance, or hyper-arousal...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893665/is-it-relevant-to-screen-young-women-hospitalized-in-psychiatric-department-for-neuropsychiatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-npsle-a-prospective-study-of-100-psychiatric-inpatients
#2
Alexandra Audemard-Verger, Elizabeth Comby, Clément Nathou, Audrey Sultan, Mathieu Frémont, Aurélie Baldolli, Louis Simon Trumier, Vincent Marzloff, Brigitte Le Mauff, Jennifer Manuzak, Sonia Dollfus, Boris Bienvenu
On the basis that diagnosis of neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) is sometimes difficult and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can present with isolated psychiatric symptoms, we initiated a survey in a psychiatric department to screen for NPSLE in young female inpatients.We prospectively studied consecutive young female patients referred to the department of psychiatry. Antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and antiextractable soluble nuclear antigens (ENA) in the serum of patients were screened...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747463/-psychosocial-stressors-and-pain-sensitivity-in-chronic-pain-disorder-with-somatic-and-psychological-factors-f45-41
#3
M Studer, J Stewart, N Egloff, E Zürcher, R von Känel, J Brodbeck, M Grosse Holtforth
BACKGROUND: Increased pain sensitivity is characteristic for patients with chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45.41). Persistent stress can induce, sustain, and intensify pain sensitivity, thereby modulating pain perception. In this context, it would be favorable to investigate which psychosocial stressors are empirically linked to pain sensitivity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between psychosocial stressors and pain sensitivity in a naturalistic sample of patients with chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45...
October 17, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727432/s-adenosyl-methionine-same-for-depression-in-adults
#4
REVIEW
Ilaria Galizia, Lucio Oldani, Karine Macritchie, Erica Amari, Dominic Dougall, Tessa N Jones, Raymond W Lam, Guido Jacopo Massei, Lakshmi N Yatham, Allan H Young
BACKGROUND: Depression is a recurrent illness with high rates of chronicity, treatment-resistance and significant economic impact. There is evidence in the literature that S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe), a naturally occurring compound in the human body, has antidepressant efficacy. This product may be an important addition to the armamentarium of antidepressant agents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of SAMe in comparison with placebo or antidepressants for the treatment of depression in adults...
October 10, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666269/child-and-adolescent-health-in-armenia-experiences-and-learned-lessons
#5
Sergey Sargsyan, Yeva Movsesyan, Marina Melkumova, Ara Babloyan
The health of children and adolescents of Armenia has been affected by various socioeconomic, environmental, educational, and behavioral factors, demonstrating trends typical for both developed and developing countries. Key issues to be addressed by Armenian pediatricians are child mortality, malnutrition, and growth failure in the early years and overweight in later years. The case of Armenia illustrates how countries in transition are currently tackling both "old" problems (mortality and malnutrition) and "new" emerging morbidities (chronic diseases and adolescent health problems) based on social and health determinants, but the financing of the health system is far from satisfactory...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626131/an-examination-of-patient-characteristics-that-contribute-to-falls-in-the-inpatient-traumatic-brain-injury-rehabilitation-setting
#6
Duncan McKechnie, Julie Pryor, Murray J Fisher
PURPOSE: To examine patient characteristics that contribute to falls in the inpatient traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation setting. METHOD: A three-round modified Delphi technique that engaged a multidisciplinary panel of 11 health experts was used. Group median score and disagreement index were used to measure agreement between participants about patient characteristics that contribute to falls. RESULTS: All panel members participated in each questionnaire round...
September 14, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555554/innovative-strength-based-care-in-child-and-adolescent-inpatient-psychiatry
#7
Deanna P Sams, David Garrison, Joanne Bartlett
PROBLEM: Child and adolescent psychiatric units serve the highest risk, most vulnerable populations in the mental health delivery system. This article describes the integration of a strength-based approach with a traditional, medical model of psychiatric care on an acute inpatient unit. A strength-based framework allows for increased focus on exploring patients' goals, strengths, relationships, skills, and family communication within the hospital setting. METHODS: The process of integration of strength-based care is described, followed by discussion of the implementation and evaluation of interventions, including mindfulness, family movie, narrative, and animal-assisted therapies...
August 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516897/mindfulness-based-crisis-interventions-for-patients-with-psychotic-symptoms-on-acute-psychiatric-wards-ambition-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Pamela Jacobsen, Emmanuelle Peters, Paul Chadwick
BACKGROUND: Inpatient psychiatric care is a scarce and expensive resource in the National Health Service (NHS), with chronic bed shortages being partly driven by high re-admission rates. People often need to go into hospital when they have a mental health crisis due to overwhelming distressing psychotic symptoms, such as hearing voices (hallucinations) or experiencing unusual beliefs (delusions). Brief talking therapies may be helpful for people during an acute inpatient admission as an adjunct to medication in reducing re-admission rates, and despite promising findings from trials in the USA, there have not yet been any clinical trials on this kind of intervention within NHS settings...
December 2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439499/improved-drug-use-patterns-at-6%C3%A2-months-post-discharge-from-inpatient-substance-use-disorder-treatment-results-from-compulsorily-and-voluntarily-admitted-patients
#9
Adrian R Pasareanu, John-Kåre Vederhus, Anne Opsal, Øistein Kristensen, Thomas Clausen
BACKGROUND: Treatment services to patients with substance use disorders (SUDs), including those mandated to treatment, needs to be evaluated and evidence based. The Norwegian Municipal Health Care Act calls for mandated treatment for persons with "severe and life-threatening substance use disorder" if these individuals are not otherwise willing to be voluntarily treated and consequently risk their lives over drug use. This study aims to examine substance use-related outcomes at 6 months following inpatient treatment and to analyse factors associated with improved outcomes and abstinence...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399133/integrative-medicine-for-chronic-pain-a-cohort-study-using-a-process-outcome-design-in-the-context-of-a-department-for-internal-and-integrative-medicine
#10
Felix J Saha, Alexander Brüning, Cyrus Barcelona, Arndt Büssing, Jost Langhorst, Gustav Dobos, Romy Lauche, Holger Cramer
INTRODUCTION: Integrative medicine inpatient treatment has been shown to improve physical and mental health in patients with internal medicine conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a 2-week integrative medicine inpatient treatment in patients with chronic pain syndromes and the association of treatment success with patient-related process variables. METHODS: Inpatients with chronic pain syndromes participating in a 2-week integrative medicine inpatient program were included...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388871/-skills-training-for-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Michael Armbrust, Christian Ehrig
The emotionally instable personality disorder, mostly called borderline disorder, shows central abnormalities in impulse control as well as instability of mood and identity. It is composed of behaviour problems in creating relationships and in self-management, first of all by high psychophysiological tension. The prevalence of this disorder is 10 % in outpatients and 20 % in inpatients and has therefore high relevance for the medical-psychotherapeutic care system. The treatment is deemed to be complex and interminable...
July 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334931/tolerability-and-suitability-of-brief-group-mindfulness-oriented-interventions-in-psychiatric-inpatients-a-pilot-study
#12
Katerina Nikolitch, Vincent Laliberté, Ching Yu, Natalie Strychowsky, Marilyn Segal, Karl J Looper, Soham Rej
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-oriented therapies have a positive impact on patients' overall well-being and alleviate many psychiatric conditions. However, little is known about their use in people with severe mental illness. We aimed to identify which clinical and sociodemographic factors are associated with suitability/tolerability of a brief group mindfulness-oriented therapy. METHODS: This retrospective study examines pre-/post-data from 40 psychiatric inpatients who underwent one session of a 10-min mindfulness-oriented group intervention between January and March 2014...
September 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253182/educating-mental-health-clinicians-about-sensory-modulation-to-enhance-clinical-practice-in-a-youth-acute-inpatient-mental-health-unit-a-feasibility-study
#13
Julie Blackburn, Brian McKenna, Brian Jackson, Danielle Hitch, Jessica Benitez, Cathy McLennan, Trentham Furness
There is an emergence of literature describing effective sensory modulation (SM) interventions to de-escalate violence and aggression among mental health inpatients. However, the evidence is limited to adult settings, with the effect of SM in youth acute settings unknown. Yet, before SM may be used as a de-escalation intervention in youth acute settings, multidisciplinary staff need to be educated about and supported in the clinical application of SM. In the current study, an online SM education package was developed to assist mental health staff understand SM...
July 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249420/towards-proactive-active-living-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-experience-of-a-multidisciplinary-intensive-rehabilitation-treatment
#14
Anna Giardini, Antonia Pierobon, Simona Callegari, Gabriella Bertotti, Marina Maffoni, Giuseppe Frazzitta
BACKGROUND: Non-pharmacological approaches to PD disease management seems to be a growing and promising field of investigation. Indeed interesting new perspectives are forthcoming from studies on physical rehabilitation and on physical exercise. AIM: To qualitatively describe the rehabilitation experience of Parkinson Disease patients taking part in a Multidisciplinary Intensive Rehabilitation Treatment (MIRT) consisting of four weeks of physical therapy and exercise, with three daily sessions, five days a week...
June 1, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236355/theory-of-mind-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-adolescents
#15
Fiorenzo Laghi, Arianna Terrinoni, Rita Cerutti, Fiorella Fantini, Serena Galosi, Mauro Ferrara, Francesca Marina Bosco
UNLABELLED: The aim of the present study is to investigate different facets of the theory of mind (ToM), i.e. first vs. third-person, first vs. second-order ToM, egocentric vs. allocentric perspective, in a clinical sample of 20 non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) adolescent inpatients and 20 healthy controls. METHODS: We investigated whether performance in ToM tasks was related to both the type and frequency of self-injuring behavior and attitude toward life and death, using a semi-structured interview and different self-report questionnaires...
July 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126065/therapeutic-body-wraps-in-swiss-public-adult-acute-inpatient-wards-a-retrospective-descriptive-cohort-study
#16
E Opsommer, J Dubois, G Bangerter, R Panchaud, D Martin, K Skuza
UNLABELLED: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Various expert opinions reported relational benefits and tranquilizing effects of therapeutic body wraps (TBW) in adults experiencing high anxiety in the context of psychosis. Yet, this tranquilizing effect was never investigated in larger samples and in the context of modern psychopharmacology. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This is the first study to establish descriptive statistics of this mind-body therapy in French-speaking Switzerland where TBWs are routinely used in two public psychiatric hospitals...
April 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098212/gestalt-therapy-applied-a-case-study-with-an-inpatient-diagnosed-with-substance-use-and-bipolar-disorders
#17
Valerie Aiach Dominitz
AIM: The aim of the present paper is to open the discourse regarding the unmet needs of specific patients, especially those with substance use disorder and/or personality disorder where 'multimorbidities', and/or 'overdiagnosis' and/or 'diagnosis overlap' are frequent. An additional aim is to review the main therapeutic purpose and concepts of Gestalt therapy which might be appropriate in the treatment of these patients often characterized by their difficulties in being aware and in contact in the 'here and now'...
April 20, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27057216/long-tunneled-versus-short-tunneled-external-ventricular-drainage-prospective-experience-from-a-developing-country
#18
Muhammad Zubair Tahir, Zain A Sobani, Muhammed Murtaza, Syed Ather Enam
BACKGROUND: External ventricular drains (EVD) are commonly utilized for temporary diversion of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Many neurosurgeons prefer long-tunneled EVDs in their routine practice. However, it is still unclear whether this extended tunneling helps in reducing CSF infection. Keeping this in mind, we decided to compare infection rates in long-tunneled versus short-tunneled EVDs in the setting of a developing country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study of 60 patients was conducted...
April 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27001145/malaria-and-hiv-among-pediatric-inpatients-in-two-tanzanian-referral-hospitals-a-prospective-study
#19
Luke R Smart, Neema Orgenes, Humphrey D Mazigo, Mercy Minde, Adolfine Hokororo, Muhammad Shakir, Jaco J Verweij, Jennifer A Downs, Robert N Peck
Malaria remains common in sub-Saharan Africa, but it is frequently over-diagnosed and over-treated in hospitalized children. HIV is prevalent in many malaria endemic areas and may delay parasite clearance and increase mortality among children with malaria. This prospective cohort study enrolled children with suspected malaria between 3 months and 12 years of age hospitalized at two referral hospitals in Tanzania. Both a thick blood smear (BS) and a malaria rapid diagnostic test (mRDT) were performed. If discordant results were obtained, PCR was performed for Plasmodium falciparum...
July 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26995560/perceived-quality-of-life-6%C3%A2-months-after-detoxification-is-abstinence-a-modifying-factor
#20
John-Kåre Vederhus, Bente Birkeland, Thomas Clausen
PURPOSE: Patients with a substance use disorder (SUD), admitted for detoxification, often suffer from a poor quality of life (QoL). We set out to monitor QoL, together with substance use, in a departure from the usual norm of measuring substance use alone as a treatment outcome. Literature searches revealed scant knowledge of how QoL is influenced. With this in mind, we aimed to investigate whether total abstinence, prior to follow-up, could influence QoL. METHODS: We studied a prospective cohort of 140 patients admitted for inpatient detoxification treatment at Sørlandet Hospital (Norway), from September 2008 to August 2010...
September 2016: Quality of Life Research
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