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Manic depresion

Serdar Suleyman Can, Görkem Karakaş Uğurlu, Selcen Cakmak
Cerebellum is known to play an important role in coordination and motor functions. In some resent studies it is also considered to be involved in modulation of mood, cognition and psychiatric disorders. Dandy Walker Malformation is a congenital malformation that is characterized by hypoplasia or aplasia of the cerebellar vermis, cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle and enlargement of the posterior fossa. When the volume of posterior fossa is normal, the malformation is called Dandy Walker Variant. Case is a 32 year old male with a 12 year history of Bipolar I Disorder presented with manic and depresive symptoms, including dysphoric and depressive affect, anhedonia, suicidal thoughts and behaviours, thoughts of fear about future, overtalkativeness and graphomania, increased energy, irregular sleep, loss of appetite, increased immersion in projects, irritability, agressive behavior, impulsivity...
July 2014: Psychiatry Investigation
R H Belmaker, J Zohar, R P Ebstein
Human CSF cyclic nucleotides do not distinguish manic-depresive patients or schizophrenic patients from controls, although a "high CSF cyclic AMP" subgroup of poor-prognosis schizophrenics is still under investigation. Neuroleptic therapy raises CSF cyclic GMP and lowers CSF cyclic AMP, at least in the responder subgroup of a clinically heterogeneous patient population when neuroleptics that are good adenylate cyclase inhibitors in vitro are used in the treatment. This is consistent with the concept that neuroleptic treatment in humans involves blockade of dopamine neurotransmission...
1980: Advances in Cyclic Nucleotide Research
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