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Vitamin D, diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679630/high-irisin-levels-are-associated-with-better-glycemic-control-and-bone-health-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
Maria Felicia Faienza, Giacomina Brunetti, Lorenzo Sanesi, Graziana Colaianni, Monica Celi, Laura Piacente, Gabriele D'Amato, Ernestina Schipani, Silvia Colucci, Maria Grano
AIM: Irisin is a new peptide produced mainly by the skeletal muscle playing an important role both in glucose/energy homeostasis and bone metabolism. Childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is associated with decreased bone mass. We aimed to evaluate irisin levels in TD1M children and their correlation with bone metabolism and glycaemic control. METHODS: Ninety-six T1DM subjects (12.2 ± 4 years), 56 on multiple daily injections (MDI), 40 on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), and 34 controls were included in the study...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674191/seasonality-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-a-south-australian-population-study
#2
Petra E Verburg, Gus A Dekker, Graeme Tucker, Wendy Scheil, Jan Jaap H M Erwich, Claire T Roberts
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the seasonal variation of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in South Australia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective population study including all 107,846 liveborn singletons during 2007-2014 in South Australia. Seasonality in incidence of HDP in relation to estimated date of conception (eDoC) and date of birth (DoB) were examined using Fourier series analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Seasonality of HDP in relation to eDoC and DoB...
April 11, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671532/vitamin-d-screening-and-supplementation-in-community-dwelling-adults-common-questions-and-answers
#3
Michael L LeFevre, Nicholas M LeFevre
Measurement of vitamin D levels and supplementation with oral vitamin D have become commonplace, although clinical trials have not demonstrated health benefits. The usefulness of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels to assess adequate exposure to vitamin D is hampered by variations in measurement technique and precision. Serum levels less than 12 ng per mL reflect inadequate vitamin D intake for bone health. Levels greater than 20 ng per mL are adequate for 97.5% of the population. Routine vitamin D supplementation does not prolong life, decrease the incidence of cancer or cardiovascular disease, or decrease fracture rates...
February 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668762/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-china-an-up-dated-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yu Lan, Zanlin Mai, Shiyu Zhou, Yang Liu, Shujue Li, Zhijian Zhao, Xiaolu Duan, Cao Cai, Tuo Deng, Wei Zhu, Wenqi Wu, Guohua Zeng
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is an increasing public health concern because of rapid lifestyle changes. Although there have been previous studies on the prevalence of MS in China, the prevalence may have changed with lifestyle changes over the last decade. To update this prevalence, we performed a cross-sectional survey among adults over 18 years old across China from May 2013 to July 2014. Participants underwent questionnaires and provided blood and urine samples for analysis. MS was defined according to the criteria of the China Diabetes Society...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667290/long-term-treatment-with-metformin-in-type-2-diabetes-and-vitamin-d-levels-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Mattijs Out, Wiebe M C Top, Philippe Lehert, Casper A Schalkwijk, Coen D A Stehouwer, Adriaan Kooy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665833/intervention-using-vitamin-d-for-elevated-urinary-albumin-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-ideal-2-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Shahrad Taheri, Muhammad Asim, Hassan Al Malki, Omar Fituri, Manikkam Suthanthiran, Phyllis August
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide. T2DM is associated with serious macro- and microvascular complications. In particular, diabetic kidney disease (DKD), which begins with excessive urinary albumin excretion, has a significant impact on affected individuals and is costly to healthcare services. Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) significantly reduces albuminuria in diabetes, but this effect is not observed in all those treated...
April 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658832/the-associations-between-hypovitaminosis-d-higher-pth-levels-with-bone-mineral-densities-and-risk-of-the-10-year-probability-of-major-osteoporotic-fractures-in-chinese-patients-with-t2dm
#7
Xiao-Feng Wang, Jing-Jia Yu, Xiao-Jing Wang, Yi-Xuan Jing, Li-Hao Sun, Bei Tao, Wei-Qing Wang, Guang Ning, Jian-Min Liu, Hong-Yan Zhao
OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we investigated the vitamin D status, and its relationships with parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, bone mineral density (BMD), and the 10-year probability of fractures in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 785 patients. BMDs at the lumbar spine (L2-4), femoral neck (FN), and total hip (TH) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and intact PTH were also quantified...
April 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653100/vitamin-d-nanoemulsion-enhances-hapatoprotective-effect-of-conventional-vitamin-d-in-rats-fed-with-a-high-fat-diet
#8
Mohamed El-Sherbiny, Mohamed Eldosoky, Mohamed El-Shafey, Gamal Othman, Hany A Elkattawy, Tamer Bedir, Nehal Mohsen Elsherbiny
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with hyperlipidemia, obesity and type II diabetes. Due to increasing prevalence of these diseases globally, NAFLD is considered as a common form of chronic liver diseases. Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin with reported anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and immune modulating activity. Hypovitaminosis D often coexists with NAFLD and various studies reported beneficial role of vitamin D in modulating NAFLD. However, variable oral bioavailability, poor water solubility, and chemical degradation hinder the clinical application of vitamin D...
April 10, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650603/top-studies-relevant-to-primary-care-practice
#9
REVIEW
Danielle Perry, Michael R Kolber, Christina Korownyk, Adrienne J Lindblad, Jamil Ramji, Joey Ton, G Michael Allan
OBJECTIVE: To summarize 10 high-quality studies from 2017 that have strong relevance to primary care practice. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Study selection involved routine literature surveillance by a group of primary care health professionals. This included screening abstracts of important journals and Evidence Alerts, as well as searching the American College of Physicians Journal Club. MAIN MESSAGE: Topics of the 2017 articles include whether treating subclinical hypothyroidism improves outcomes or symptoms; whether evolocumab reduces cardiovascular disease as well as low-density lipoprotein levels; whether lifestyle interventions reduce medication use in patients with diabetes; whether vitamin D prevents cardiovascular disease, cancer, or upper respiratory tract infections; whether canagliflozin reduces clinical events in patients with diabetes; how corticosteroid injections affect knee osteoarthritis; whether drained abscesses benefit from antibiotic treatment; whether patients with diabetes benefit from bariatric surgery; whether exenatide reduces clinical events in patients with diabetes; and whether tympanostomy tubes affect outcomes in recurrent acute otitis media or chronic otitis media...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643908/lack-of-association-of-statin-use-with-vitamin-d-levels-in-a-hospital-based-population-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#10
Khalida Iqbal, Najmul Islam, Iqbal Azam, Naseema Mehboobali, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal
Objective: To investigate the relationship of statins (drug given to reduce serum levels of LDL-cholesterol) on vitamin D levels of Pakistani type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in a hospital in Karachi. Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, 312 consecutive patients with type 2 DM (219 males and 93 females, age 22-70 years) were recruited with informed consent. A questionnaire was administered to find out whether they were statin users or non-users. Serum was analyzed for concentrations of 25(OH) vitamin D [25(OH)D] and other related biomarkers such as serum cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, phosphate and calcium using kit methods...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628139/drug-repurposing-in-kidney-disease
#11
REVIEW
Usha Panchapakesan, Carol Pollock
Drug repurposing, is the re-tasking of known medications for new clinical indications. Advantages, compared to de novo drug development, include reduced cost and time to market plus the added benefit of a known pharmacokinetic and safety profiles. Suitable drug candidates are identified through serendipitous observations, data mining, or increased understanding of disease mechanisms. This review highlights drugs suited for repurposing in kidney disease. The main cause of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease is cardiovascular disease...
April 6, 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624683/evaluation-of-the-association-between-the-number-of-natural-teeth-and-anemia-among-korean-adults-using-nationally-representative-data
#12
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND: Anemia as a chronic disease is defined as anemia occurring in chronic infections with inflammatory conditions. The purpose of this study is to assess the association between the number of natural teeth and anemia using nationally representative data. METHODS: This study involved a cross-sectional analysis using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2012. A total of 16,875 respondents over 19 years old without missing values were included in this study...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623823/low-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-are-independently-associated-with-autoimmune-thyroiditis-in-a-cohort-of-apparently-healthy-overweight-and-obese-subjects
#13
Giovanni De Pergola, Vincenzo Triggiani, Nicola Bartolomeo, Vito Angelo Giagulli, Michele Anelli, Michele Masiello, Vittoria Candita, Dario De Bellis, Franco Silvestris
BACKGROUND: Low vitamin D levels have been associated with autoimmune disorders and, then, with the Hashimoto's autoimmune thyroiditis (AT), the most common autoimmune disease. Obesity is characterized by lower vitamin D levels and higher risk to develop autoimmune diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the possibility of an association between AT and decreased 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in a cohort of otherwise healthy overweight and obese subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred sixty one overweight subjects (mean age: 40...
April 6, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616850/the-relationship-between-erectile-dysfunction-severity-mean-platelet-volume-and-vitamin-d-levels
#14
Mehmet Gokhan Culha, Hasan Anil Atalay, Halil Lutfi Canat, Ilter Alkan, Sait Ozbir, Osman Can, Alper Otunctemur
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between mean platelet volume (MPV) and vitamin D levels according to ED severity. METHODS: Between October 2015 and September 2017, patients who applied to the andrology outpatient clinic with an ED complaint were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, malignancy, late-onset hypogonadism and smokers were not included in the study. The International Erectile Function Index-Erectile Function (IIEF-EF) questionnaire was used to assess the levels of erectile function...
April 4, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609445/low-levels-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-single-center-experience
#15
Ki Nam Bae, Hyo-Kyoung Nam, Young-Jun Rhie, Dae Jin Song, Kee-Hyoung Lee
PURPOSE: Low vitamin D level is common in adults with diabetes mellitus (DM). We assessed vitamin D level and its associated factors in Korean youth with type 1 DM. METHODS: Type 1 DM cases (n=85) and healthy controls (n=518) aged <20 years were included and grouped into 3 categories according to vitamin D level: deficiency (<20 ng/mL), insufficiency (20-30 ng/mL), or sufficiency (≥30 ng/mL). RESULTS: The mean serum vitamin D level was significantly lower (21...
March 2018: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608396/metabolic-syndrome-and-vitamin-d-levels-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#16
Kostas Archontogeorgis, Evangelia Nena, Nikolaos Papanas, Manfredi Rizzo, Athanasios Voulgaris, Maria Xanthoudaki, Maria Kouratzi, Georgia Ragia, Vangelis Manolopoulos, Athanasios Zissimopoulos, Marios Froudarakis, Paschalis Steiropoulos
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have indicated that obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), may contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes. Moreover, OSAS has been associated with lowered vitamin D (Vit D) levels, but reports are inconclusive. Aim of the study was to compare Vit D levels according to the presence of MetS and its components in OSAS patients. METHODS: The presence of MetS was evaluated and serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were measured in consecutive newly diagnosed, by polysomnography, subjects with OSAS...
April 2, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608221/maternal-vitamin-d-and-markers-of-glycaemia-during-pregnancy-in-the-belfast-centre-of-the-hyperglycaemia-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcome-study
#17
C Casey, A McGinty, V A Holmes, A J Hill, C C Patterson, I S Young, D R McCance
AIMS: To measure total 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in women in mid-pregnancy who participated in the Belfast centre of the Hyperglycaemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) observational study, and to investigate the associations between levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and markers of gestational diabetes mellitus and lipid biomarkers. METHODS: A total of 1585 pregnant women had serum samples available for measurement. Participants were recruited from the Royal Jubilee Maternity Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland, at 24-32 weeks' gestation, as part of the HAPO study...
April 2, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606182/review-dairy-foods-red-meat-and-processed-meat-in-the-diet-implications-for-health-at-key-life-stages
#18
D I Givens
Social and health care provision have led to substantial increases in life expectancy. In the UK this has become higher than 80 years with an even greater proportional increase in those aged 85 years and over. The different life stages give rise to important nutritional challenges and recent reductions in milk consumption have led to sub-optimal intakes of calcium by teenage females in particular when bone growth is at its maximum and of iodine during pregnancy needed to ensure that supply/production of thyroid hormones to the foetus is adequate...
April 2, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601566/-disturbances-of-calcium-metabolism-and-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-sarcoidosis-two-way-street
#19
REVIEW
Anna Kempisty, Anna Lewandowska, Jan Kuś
The role of vitamin D in the human body is not limited only to the regulation of calcium metabolism and secondary to the impact on bones. Recent studies have shown the influence of vitamin D level on muscles, on the risk of cancer, diabetes, hypertension and pulmonary diseases, including granulomatous diseases. Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Hypercalcemia in the course of the disease occurs in up to 10% of cases in the consequence of autonomous overproduction of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D by macrophages of sarcoid granulomas...
March 27, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597238/vitamin-d-and-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Ernesto Maddaloni, Ilaria Cavallari, Nicola Napoli, Caterina Conte
Vitamin D has been suggested as a protective compound for diabetes mellitus. Several mechanisms linking vitamin D to the regulation of the immune response support a role for vitamin D in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diabetes. Epidemiological evidence and observational studies suggesting that adequate vitamin D status is related to decreased risk of developing type 1 diabetes further corroborates this concept. However, only few and mostly underpowered randomized clinical trials have been conducted to test the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementation in autoimmune diabetes, with disappointing results...
2018: Frontiers of Hormone Research
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