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Vitamin D, diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229278/consumption-of-vitamin-d-fortified-yogurt-drink-increased-leptin-and-ghrelin-levels-but-reduced-leptin-to-ghrelin-ratio-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
REVIEW
Mina Hajimohammadi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Tirang R Neyestani
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of daily consumption of vitamin D-fortified yogurt drink (doogh) in comparison with plain doogh on appetite-regulating hormones including leptin and ghrelin in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. METHODS: In a single blind randomized clinical trial, subjects with T2D were randomly allocated to one of the two groups and received either vitamin D3-fortified doogh (FD; containing 170 mg calcium and 500 IU/250 mL, n 2 = 50) or plain doogh (PD; containing 170 mg calcium and no vitamin D/250 mL, n 1 = 50) twice a day for 12 weeks...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229097/pediatric-hypovitaminosis-d-molecular-perspectives-and-clinical-implications
#2
Rafiu Ariganjoye
Vitamin D, a secosteroid, is essential for the development and maintenance of healthy bone in both the adult and pediatric populations. Low level of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-(OH)-D) is highly prevalent in children worldwide and has been linked to various adverse health outcomes including rickets, osteomalacia, osteomalacic myopathy, sarcopenia, and weakness, growth retardation, hypocalcemia, seizure and tetany, autism, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancers (prostate, colon, breast), infectious diseases (viral, tuberculosis), and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224090/vitamin-d-deficiency-insufficiency-from-childhood-to-adulthood-insights-from-a-sunny-country
#3
REVIEW
Motti Haimi, Richard Kremer
Vitamin D is known to be a key regulator of bone metabolism and is associated with muscle strength. Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent worldwide. In adults, vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in numerous health conditions including osteoporosis, cancer, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases. Considerable changes have occurred in lifestyles and childhood activities in the past years. Studies have shown that the children population is at high risks of vitamin D deficiency. The objective of this study was to learn about the extent of vitamin D deficiency in children worldwide and especially in sunny country like Israel...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217511/profile-of-vitamin-d-in-patients-attending-at-general-hospital-mahad-india
#4
Parag Himatrao Bawaskar, Himmatrao Saluba Bawaskar, Pramodini Himmatrao Bawaskar, Abhijit Patilbuwa Pakhare
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant sunshine, Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in urban India. However, reports on analyzing Vitamin D status from rural Indian population are scanty. Here, we have evaluated Vitamin D status in patients attending outpatient department (OPD) in a rural Indian hospital setting. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted at a secondary level rural hospital in patients attending medicine OPD. After obtaining informed consent, demographic information was collected from consecutive adult patients along with 3 ml blood sample for Vitamin D analysis using electro chemiluminescene on cobas elecys E411 fully automated system...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217496/a-study-of-bone-turnover-markers-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Sheelu Shafiq Siddiqi, Abhijit Girish Borse, Anjum Pervez, Shaheen Anjum
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes is defined as carbohydrate intolerance resulting in hyperglycemia of variable severity with the first recognition during pregnancy. Established risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are maternal age, obesity, family history of diabetes, etc. Vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and various other hormones are known for their function in maintaining calcium and phosphorous homeostatic. Furthermore, Vitamin D, PTH serum ionized calcium, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) have been reported to be altered with glucose homeostasis...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216152/1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-prevents-the-development-of-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-in-type-1-diabetic-rats-by-enhancing-autophagy-via-inhibiting-the-%C3%AE-catenin-tcf4-gsk-3%C3%AE-mtor-pathway
#6
Huili Wei, Hua Qu, Hang Wang, Baolan Ji, Yao Ding, Dan Liu, Yang Duan, Huimin Liang, Chuan Peng, Xiaoqiu Xiao, Huacong Deng
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) can increase the risk of heart failure and death in diabetic patients. However, no effective approaches are available to prevent its progression and development. Studies have shown that vitamin D is greatly implicated in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, and there is a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in diabetic patients. In this study, we investigated whether 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin-D3 (1,25D3) can improve DCM through a vitamin D receptor (VDR)-dependent mechanism associated with autophagy and the β-catenin/T-cell factor/lymphoid enhancer factor (TCF4)/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212289/the-effects-of-myo-inositol-and-b-and-d-vitamin-supplementation-in-the-db-mouse-model-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Jasmine F Plows, Florence Budin, Rebecka A M Andersson, Valerie J Mills, Katherine Mace, Sandra T Davidge, Mark H Vickers, Philip N Baker, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Joanna L Stanley
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a growing concern, affecting an increasing number of pregnant women worldwide. By predisposing both the affected mothers and children to future disease, GDM contributes to an intergenerational cycle of obesity and diabetes. In order to stop this cycle, safe and effective treatments for GDM are required. This study sought to determine the treatment effects of dietary supplementation with myo-inositol (MI) and vitamins B2, B6, B12, and D in a mouse model of GDM (pregnant db/+ dams)...
February 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211083/the-association-between-periodontitis-and-sleep-duration
#8
Mario Romandini, Gioele Gioco, Giorgio Perfetti, Giorgio Deli, Edoardo Staderini, Andreina Laforì
AIM: Due to its potential to influence systemic inflammation and oxidative stress, and to predispose to bacterial infections, sleep duration could potentially be a risk factor for periodontitis. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate if there was in 2012 an association between periodontitis and sleep duration in a representative sample of the South Korean population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 5,812 subjects representative of 39.4 million of adults were examined...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186460/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes-in-iranian-subjects-no-association-with-observed-snps
#9
Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Tirang R Neyestani, Abolghassem Djazayery
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the associations between metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes and the presence of single nucleotide polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor gene in Iranian subjects with type 2 diabetes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Overall, 730 Iranian subjects (372 patients and 358 controls) were enrolled in this case-control study. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor gene (FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI) were genotyped using the restriction fragment length polymorphism method...
February 10, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184342/association-between-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-and-type-2-diabetes-in-korean-adults
#10
Hyun Nam, Hye-Yeon Kim, Jin-Su Choi, Sun-Seog Kweon, Young-Hoon Lee, Hae-Sung Nam, Kyeong-Soo Park, So-Yeon Ryu, Seong-Woo Choi, Su-Hyun Oh, Sun A Kim, Min-Ho Shin
Previous studies have suggested that a vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of type 2 diabetes. This study evaluated the association between serum vitamin D levels and type 2 diabetes in Korean adults. This study included 9,014 subjects (3,600 males and 5,414 females) aged ≥50 years who participated in the Dong-gu Study. The subjects were divided into groups in whom the serum vitamin D level was severely deficient (<10 ng/mL), deficient (10 to <20 ng/mL), insufficient (20 to <30 ng/mL) and sufficient (≥30 ng/mL)...
January 2017: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182265/long-term-metformin-therapy-and-monitoring-for-vitamin-b12-deficiency-among-older-veterans
#11
Vijaya Kancherla, John L Elliott, Birju B Patel, N Wilson Holland, Theodore M Johnson, Anjali Khakharia, Lawrence S Phillips, Godfrey P Oakley, Camille P Vaughan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between long-term metformin therapy and serum vitamin B12 monitoring. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A single Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC), 2002-2012. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans 50 years or older with either type 2 diabetes and long-term metformin therapy (n = 3,687) or without diabetes and no prescription for metformin (n = 13,258). MEASUREMENTS: We determined diabetes status from outpatient visits, and defined long-term metformin therapy as a prescription ≥500 mg/d for at least six consecutive months...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179690/association-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-with-poor-glycaemic-control-in-diabetic-patients
#12
Khalida Iqbal, Najmul Islam, Naseema Mehboobali, Ali Asghar, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal
OBJECTIVE: An association between serum levels of vitamin D and glycaemic control in type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients has been reported in some of the studies carried out in the West. However, there are no reports on this relationship in Pakistani diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether vitamin D levels have any influence on glycaemic control in Pakistani patients with type-2 DM. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, relationship between serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1C) was examined in 141 type-2 diabetic patients including 102 males and 39 females; age range 22 to 70 years, visiting the Aga Khan University Hospital during July 2013-April 2014...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179126/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-mothers-neonates-and-children
#13
Deena H Elsori, Majeda S Hammoud
Vitamin D is produced in response to the exposure of skin to sunlight through UV-B synthesis. It can also be obtained from diet and dietary supplements. Vitamin D is essential for strong bones as it helps to absorb calcium from diet. Vitamin D deficiency mainly occurs if strict vegetarian diet is followed as mostly the source of vitamin D is animal based; therefore, exposure to sunlight is restricted or having dark skin color. Low vitamin D levels results in increased possibility of gestational diabetes among pregnant women, low birth weight and pre-eclampsia in infants, and mothers may suffer bone impairment, osteoporosis, hypocalcaemia, and hypertension...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153916/effects-of-vitamin-d-combined-with-pioglitazone-hydrochloride-on-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-metabolism-in-type-2-diabetic-nephropathy
#14
Ling-Xu Wang, Na Wang, Qing-Li Xu, Wei Yan, Li Dong, Bao-Lin Li
The study aims to investigate the effect of vitamin D (VD) combined with pioglitazone hydrochloride (PIO) on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy (T2DN). T2DN patients were selected and assigned into mild, moderate and severe groups. In each group, three therapy regimens (VD, PIO, and VD plus PIO) were administrated. X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure BMD. Intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and 25-OH-VD3 were measured by chemiluminescence meter. ELISA was applied to detect levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG), bone gla protein (BGP), C-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen (β-CTX), procollagen type I N propeptide (PINP), pyridinoline (Pyr), and deoxypyridinoline (D-Pyr)...
February 2, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144255/vitamin-d-status-and-circulating-biomarkers-of-endothelial-dysfunction-and-inflammation-in-non-diabetic-obese-individuals-a-pilot-study
#15
Branislava Ilinčić, Edita Stokić, Zoran Stošić, Nevena Eremić Kojić, Niki Katsiki, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Esma R Isenovic
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and inadequate vitamin D status are associated with endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. We evaluated the associations between vitamin D status (i.e. serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D)), biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction (i.e. serum concentrations of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) and soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin)), inflammatory markers (i.e. high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and fibrinogen) and cardiometabolic risk factors...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139295/hypercalcemia-induces-targeted-autophagic-degradation-of-aquaporin-2-at-the-onset-of-nephrogenic-diabetes-insipidus
#16
Sookkasem Khositseth, Komgrid Charngkaew, Chatikorn Boonkrai, Poorichaya Somparn, Panapat Uawithya, Nusara Chomanee, D Michael Payne, Robert A Fenton, Trairak Pisitkun
Hypercalcemia can cause renal dysfunction such as nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), but the mechanisms underlying hypercalcemia-induced NDI are not well understood. To elucidate the early molecular changes responsible for this disorder, we employed mass spectrometry-based proteomic analysis of inner medullary collecting ducts (IMCD) isolated from parathyroid hormone-treated rats at onset of hypercalcemia-induced NDI. Forty-one proteins, including the water channel aquaporin-2, exhibited significant changes in abundance, most of which were decreased...
January 27, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138903/the-treatment-of-giant-cell-arteritis
#17
REVIEW
Imran Jivraj, Madhura Tamhankar
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic inflammatory vasculitis affecting medium and large vessels with potentially sight and life-threatening complications. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are imperative in order to prevent vision loss and progression of the disease. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are inflammatory markers which are elevated in the majority of patients and support the diagnosis of GCA among patients who present with typical symptoms. GCA is confirmed with superficial temporal artery biopsy which demonstrates characteristic pathological findings...
January 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134804/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-and-risk-for-colorectal-cancer-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-epidemiological-studies
#18
REVIEW
Cem Ekmekcioglu, Daniela Haluza, Michael Kundi
Epidemiological evidence suggests an association between low vitamin D status and risk for various outcomes including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Analyzing serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is the most established means to evaluate an individual's vitamin D status. However, cutoff values for 25(OH)D insufficiency as well as for optimal 25(OH)D levels are controversial. This systematic review critically summarizes the epidemiological evidence regarding 25(OH)D levels and the risk for colorectal cancer and T2DM...
January 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130181/differential-response-of-bone-and-kidney-to-acei-in-db-db-mice-a-potential-effect-of-captopril-on-accelerating-bone-loss
#19
Yan Zhang, Xiao-Li Li, Nan-Nan Sha, Bing Shu, Yong-Jian Zhao, Xin-Luan Wang, Hui-Hui Xiao, Qi Shi, Man-Sau Wong, Yong-Jun Wang
The components of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are expressed in the kidney and bone. Kidney disease and bone injury are common complications associated with diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the effects of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril, on the kidney and bone of db/db mice. The db/db mice were orally administered by gavage with captopril for 8weeks with db/+ mice as the non-diabetic control. Serum and urine biochemistries were determined by standard colorimetric methods or ELISA...
January 24, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129773/investigation-of-the-vitamin-d-nutritional-status-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-beijing
#20
Yanping Liu, Qiaer Jin, Yuanyuan Bao, Shanshan Li, Jing Wang, Ling Qiu
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is a common issue, which has relation with GDM, during the pregnant period. To study the Vitamin D nutritional status of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the middle and late pregnancy and analyze the different sources of Vitamin D intake. METHODS: A total of ninety-eight pregnant women with GDM were enrolled voluntarily in this study. The patients were divided into two groups, Vitamin D supplement intake and control group...
January 28, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
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