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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149089/mnsod-and-cyclin-b1-coordinate-a-mito-checkpoint-during-cell-cycle-response-to-oxidative-stress
#1
Amanda L Kalen, Iman M Ahmad, Maher Y Abdalla, Yunxia Q O'Malley, Prabhat C Goswami, Ehab H Sarsour
Communication between the nucleus and mitochondrion could coordinate many cellular processes. While the mechanisms regulating this communication are not completely understood, we hypothesize that cell cycle checkpoint proteins coordinate the cross-talk between nuclear and mitochondrial functions following oxidative stress. Human normal skin fibroblasts, representative of the G₂-phase, were irradiated with 6 Gy of ionizing radiation and assayed for cyclin B1 translocation, mitochondrial function, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and cytotoxicity...
November 17, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147650/mitochondria-associated-microrna-expression-profiling-of-heart-failure
#2
Xiaoxia Wang, Chun Song, Xiao Zhou, Xiaorui Han, Jun Li, Zengwu Wang, Haibao Shang, Yuli Liu, Huiqing Cao
Heart failure (HF) is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and energy metabolism impairment. MicroRNAs are implicated in the development of heart failure. However, the mitochondria enriched microRNA during heart failure remains elusive. Here, we generated a pressure overload-induced early and late stage heart failure model at 4 weeks and 8 weeks following transverse aortic constriction (TAC) in mice. We found that expression of mitochondrion protein COX4 was highly enriched in isolated mitochondria from cardiac tissues while GAPDH could hardly be detected...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147464/treatment-of-the-fluoroquinolone-associated-disability-the-pathobiochemical-implications
#3
REVIEW
Krzysztof Michalak, Aleksandra Sobolewska-Włodarczyk, Marcin Włodarczyk, Justyna Sobolewska, Piotr Woźniak, Bogusław Sobolewski
Long-term fluoroquinolone-associated disability (FQAD) after fluoroquinolone (FQ) antibiotic therapy appears in recent years as a significant medical and social problem, because patients suffer for many years after prescribed antimicrobial FQ treatment from tiredness, concentration problems, neuropathies, tendinopathies, and other symptoms. The knowledge about the molecular activity of FQs in the cells remains unclear in many details. The effective treatment of this chronic state remains difficult and not effective...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146487/mitochondria-a-master-regulator-in-macrophage-and-t-cell-immunity
#4
REVIEW
Pu-Ste Liu, Ping-Chih Ho
Orchestrating biological activities of immune cells through metabolic reprogramming reveals a new approach to harnessing immune responses. Increasing evidence reveals that the mitochondrion is a central regulator for modulating metabolic reprogramming and controlling immune cell activation and functions. In addition to supporting bioenergetic demands, the mitochondrion serves as a signaling platform through the generation of reactive oxygen species and metabolites of the tricarboxylic acid cycle to modulate signaling cascades controlling immune cell activation and immune responses...
November 13, 2017: Mitochondrion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146449/an-integrated-metabolic-consequence-of-hepatospora-eriocheir-infection-in-the-chinese-mitten-crab-eriocheir-sinensis
#5
Zhengfeng Ding, Jing Pan, Hua Huang, Gongcheng Jiang, Jianqin Chen, Xueshen Zhu, Renlei Wang, Guohua Xu
Despite the economic and evolutionary importance of aquatic host-infecting microsporidian species, at present, limited information has been provided about the microsporidia-host interactions. This study focused on Hepatospora eriocheir, an emerging microsporidian pathogen for the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis. Hypertrophy of hepatopancreas cells was a common feature of H. eriocheir infection. More importantly, mitochondria of the hepatopancreas were drawn around the H. eriocheir, most likely to aid the uptake of ATP directly from the host...
November 13, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141004/lack-of-mitochondrial-muts-homolog-1-in-toxoplasma-gondii-disrupts-maintenance-and-fidelity-of-mitochondrial-dna-and-reveals-metabolic-plasticity
#6
Tamila Garbuz, Gustavo Arrizabalaga
The importance of maintaining the fidelity of the mitochondrial genome is underscored by the presence of various repair pathways within this organelle. Presumably, the repair of mitochondrial DNA would be of particular importance in organisms that possess only a single mitochondrion, like the human pathogens Plasmodium falciparum and Toxoplasma gondii. Understanding the machinery that maintains mitochondrial DNA in these parasites is of particular relevance, as mitochondrial function is a validated and effective target for anti-parasitic drugs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133864/effects-of-microgravity-on-osteoblast-mitochondria-a-proteomic-and-metabolomics-profile
#7
Anna Michaletti, Magda Gioia, Umberto Tarantino, Lello Zolla
The response of human primary osteoblasts exposed to simulated microgravity has been investigated and analysis of metabolomic and proteomic profiles demonstrated a prominent dysregulation of mitochondrion homeostasis. Gravitational unloading treatment induced a decrease in mitochondrial proteins, mainly affecting efficiency of the respiratory chain. Metabolomic analysis revealed that microgravity influenced several metabolic pathways; stimulating glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathways, while the Krebs cycle was interrupted at succinate-fumarate transformation...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133038/new-metalo-therapeutics-of-nsaids-against-human-breast-cancer-cells
#8
Christina N Banti, Constantina Papatriantafyllopoulou, Anastasios J Tasiopoulos, Sotiris K Hadjikakou
The non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID's)-silver(I) metallodrugs of aspirin (aspH), salicylic acid (salH2), naproxen (napH) acid or p-hydrobenzoic acid (pHbzaH) and the mitochondriotropic triphenylarsine (tpAs) with the formulae [Ag(asp)(tpAs)3] (1), [Ag(salH)(tpAs)3] (2), [Ag(nap)(tpAs)3] (3) and {[Ag(pHbza)(tpAs)3]∙(dmf)} (4) and [Ag(tpAs)3(NO3)] (5) have been synthesized and characterized by m.p., FT-IR, UV-vis and (1)H NMR, spectroscopic techniques and X-ray crystallography. The in vitro cytotoxic activity of 1-5 against human breast adenocarcinoma cancer cells: MCF-7 (positive to estrogen receptors (ERs)) and MDA-MB-231 (negative to estrogen receptors (ERs)) was evaluated...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131838/expanded-repertoire-of-kinetoplast-associated-proteins-and-unique-mitochondrial-dna-arrangement-of-symbiont-bearing-trypanosomatids
#9
Silvana Sant Anna de Souza, Carolina Moura Catta-Preta, João Marcelo P Alves, Danielle P Cavalcanti, Marta M G Teixeira, Erney P Camargo, Wanderley De Souza, Rosane Silva, Maria Cristina M Motta
In trypanosomatids, the kinetoplast is the portion of the single mitochondrion that is connected to the basal body and contains the kDNA, a network composed by circular and interlocked DNA. The kDNA packing is conducted by Kinetoplast Associated Proteins (KAPs), which are similar to eukaryotic histone H1. In symbiont-harboring trypanosomatids (SHTs) such as Angomonas deanei and Strigomonas culicis, a ß-proteobacterium co-evolves with the host in a mutualistic relationship. The prokaryote confers nutritional benefits to the host and affects its cell structure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123410/long-noncoding-rna-and-mrna-profiling-in-mda-mb-231-cells-following-rnai-mediated-knockdown-of-sirt7
#10
Kun-Lin Chen, Lian Li, Yi-Ru Wang, Cheng-Min Li, Tarig Mohammed Badri, Gen-Lin Wang
Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant cancers among women and a major clinical obstacle. Although studies have reported the abnormal expression of SIRT7 in breast cancer, whether the function of SIRT7 regulates the expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in breast cancer remains unknown. We aimed to determine the differential expressions of mRNAs and lncRNAs associated with SIRT7 and understand the regulatory mechanism of SIRT7 in breast cancer. RNA sequencing was performed to explore the transcriptome in MDA-MB-231 cells after SIRT7 depletion, and a total of 50,634 different transcripts were identified...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113303/mitochondrion-associated-protein-peroxiredoxin-3-promotes-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-through-autophagy-suppression-and-pyroptosis-activation
#11
Min-Yao Jiang, Zhao-Dong Han, Wenjiao Li, Fei Yue, Jianheng Ye, Bowei Li, Zhiduan Cai, Jian-Ming Lu, Weimin Dong, Xianhan Jiang, Weide Zhong, Huichan He, Leyuan Liu
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common diseases in the senior men and age plays an important role in the initiation and development of BPH. Mammalian cells primarily use the autophagy-lysosome system to degrade misfolded/aggregated proteins and dysfunctional organelles such as mitochondria and suppress pyroptosis, a type of cell death that stimulates inflammatory responses and growth of other cells around. Peroxiredoxin 3 (PRDX3) is the only mitochondrion-associated member of peroxiredoxin family enzymes that exert their protective antioxidant role in cells through their peroxidase activity...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112712/the-protective-role-of-melatonin-in-porcine-oocyte-meiotic-failure-caused-by-the-exposure-to-benzo-a-pyrene
#12
Yilong Miao, Changyin Zhou, Qingyun Bai, Zhaokang Cui, Xiayan ShiYang, Yajuan Lu, Mianqun Zhang, Xiaoxin Dai, Bo Xiong
STUDY QUESTION: Does melatonin restore the benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)-induced meiotic failure in porcine oocytes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Melatonin effectively inhibits the increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and apoptotic rate in BaP-exposed porcine oocytes to recover the meiotic failure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: BaP, a widespread environmental carcinogen found in particulate matter, 2.5 µm or less (PM2.5), has been shown to have toxicity at the level of the reproductive systems...
November 3, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111701/mitochondrial-imaging-with-combined-fluorescence-and-stimulated-raman-scattering-microscopy-using-a-probe-of-the-aggregation-induced-emission-characteristic
#13
Xuesong Li, Meijuan Jiang, Jacky W Y Lam, Ben Zhong Tang, Jianan Y Qu
In vivo quantitative measurement of biodistribution plays a critical role in the drug/probe development and diagnosis/treatment process monitoring. In this work, we report a probe, named AIE-SRS-Mito, for imaging mitochondria in live cells via fluorescence (FL) and stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) imaging. The probe features an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) characteristic and possesses an enhanced alkyne Raman peak at 2223 cm(-1). The dual-mode imaging of AIE-SRS-Mito for selective mitochondrion-targeting was examined on a homemade FL-SRS microscope system...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111700/proteomic-investigation-of-metabolic-changes-of-mushroom-flammulina-velutipes-packaged-with-nanocomposite-material-during-cold-storage
#14
Donglu Fang, Wenjian Yang, Zilong Deng, Xinxin An, Liyan Zhao, Qiuhui Hu
Metabolic changes of mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) applied with polyethylene (PE) material (Normal-PM) or nanocomposite reinforced PE packaging material (Nano-PM) were monitored using tandem mass tags (TMT) labeling combined with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (2D LC-MS/MS) technique. A total of 429 proteins were investigated as differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) among treatments after a cold storage period. A total of 232 DEPs were up-regulated and 65 DEPs were down-regulated in Nano-PM packed F...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109116/mitochondrial-dynamics-and-respiration-within-cells-with-increased-open-pore-cytoskeletal-meshes
#15
David H Jang, Sarah C Seeger, Martha E Grady, Frances C Shofer, David M Eckmann
The cytoskeletal architecture directly affects the morphology, motility, and tensional homeostasis of the cell. In addition, the cytoskeleton is important for mitosis, intracellular traffic, organelle motility, and even cellular respiration. The organelle responsible for a majority of the energy conversion for the cell, the mitochondrion, has a dependence on the cytoskeleton for mobility and function. In previous studies, we established that cytoskeletal inhibitors altered the movement of the mitochondria, their morphology, and their respiration in human dermal fibroblasts...
November 6, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106528/the-first-mitochondrial-genomics-and-evolution-smbe-satellite-meeting-a-new-scientific-symbiosis
#16
Oren Ostersetzer, Nick Lane, Andrew Pomiankowski, Ron Burton, Göran Arnqvist, Aleksandra Filipovska, Dorothée Huchon, Dan Mishmar
The central role of the mitochondrion for cellular and organismal metabolism is well known, yet its functional role in evolution has rarely been featured in leading international conferences. Moreover, the contribution of mitochondrial genetics to complex disease phenotypes is particularly important, and although major advances have been made in the field of genomics, mitochondrial genomic data has in many cases been overlooked. Accumulating data and new knowledge support a major contribution of this maternally inherited genome, and its interactions with the nucleus, to both major evolutionary processes and diverse disease phenotypes...
November 2, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104115/lowered-ipla2%C3%AE-activity-causes-increased-mitochondrial-lipid-peroxidation-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-a-rotenone-induced-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Honglu Chao, Yinlong Liu, Xian Fu, Xiupeng Xu, Zhongyuan Bao, Chao Lin, Zheng Li, Yan Liu, Xiaoming Wang, Yongping You, Ning Liu, Jing Ji
iPLA2γ, calcium-independent phospholipase A2γ, discerningly hydrolyses glycerophospholipids to liberate free fatty acids. iPLA2γ-deficiency has been associated with abnormal mitochondrial function. More importantly, the iPLA2 family is causative proteins in mitochondrial neurodegenerative disorders such as parkinsonian disorders. However, the mechanisms by which iPLA2γ affects Parkinson's disease (PD) remain unknown. Mitochondrion stress has a key part in rotenone-induced dopaminergic neuronal degeneration...
November 2, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101340/cell-permeable-organic-fluorescent-probes-for-live-cell-long-term-super-resolution-imaging-reveal-lysosome-mitochondrion-interactions
#18
Yubing Han, Meihua Li, Fengwu Qiu, Meng Zhang, Yu-Hui Zhang
Characterizing the long-term nanometer-scale interactions between lysosomes and mitochondria in live cells is essential for understanding their functions but remains challenging due to limitations of the existing fluorescent probes. Here, we develop cell-permeable organic fluorescent probes for lysosomes with excellent specificity and high photostability. We also use an existing Atto 647N dye with high brightness and excellent photostability to achieve specific labeling of mitochondria in live cells. Using these probes, we obtain dual-color structured illumination microscopy (SIM) images of dynamic physical lysosome-mitochondrion interactions in live cells at an ~90-nm resolution over a long time course of ~13 min...
November 3, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097398/cell-biology-of-the-mitochondrion
#19
Alexander M van der Bliek, Margaret M Sedensky, Phil G Morgan
Mitochondria are best known for harboring pathways involved in ATP synthesis through the tricarboxylic acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation. Major advances in understanding these roles were made with Caenorhabditiselegans mutants affecting key components of the metabolic pathways. These mutants have not only helped elucidate some of the intricacies of metabolism pathways, but they have also served as jumping off points for pharmacology, toxicology, and aging studies. The field of mitochondria research has also undergone a renaissance, with the increased appreciation of the role of mitochondria in cell processes other than energy production...
November 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092814/quantitative-control-of-mitochondria-transfer-between-live-single-cells-using-a-microfluidic-device
#20
Ken-Ichi Wada, Kazuo Hosokawa, Yoshihiro Ito, Mizuo Maeda
Quantitative control of mitochondria transfer between live cells is a promising approach for genetic manipulation of mtDNA because single mitochondrion transfer to a mtDNA-less (ρ(0)) cell potentially leads to homoplasmy of mtDNA. In this paper, we describe a method for quantitative control of mitochondria transfer between live single cells. For this purpose, we fabricated novel microfluidic devices having cell paring structures with a 4.1, 5.6 or 10.0 μm-length microtunnel. When cells were fused through a microtunnel using Sendai virus envelope-based method, a strictured cytoplasmic connection was achieved with a length corresponding to that of the microtunnel...
November 1, 2017: Biology Open
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