Read by QxMD icon Read

Elongation initiation factor 3 m

Panos Zanos, Scott M Thompson, Ronald S Duman, Carlos A Zarate, Todd D Gould
Traditional pharmacological treatments for depression have a delayed therapeutic onset, ranging from several weeks to months, and there is a high percentage of individuals who never respond to treatment. In contrast, ketamine produces rapid-onset antidepressant, anti-suicidal, and anti-anhedonic actions following a single administration to patients with depression. Proposed mechanisms of the antidepressant action of ketamine include N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) modulation, gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic interneuron disinhibition, and direct actions of its hydroxynorketamine (HNK) metabolites...
March 7, 2018: CNS Drugs
Jie Qian, Yueyue Chen, Ying Hu, Yingtian Deng, Yang Liu, Gang Li, Wenxuan Zou, Jie Zhao
Replication factor C (RFC) is a conserved eukaryotic complex consisting of RFC1/2/3/4/5. It plays important roles in DNA replication and the cell cycle in yeast and fruit fly. However, it is not very clear how RFC subunits function in higher plants, except for the Arabidopsis (At) subunits AtRFC1 and AtRFC3. In this study, we investigated the functions of AtRFC4 and found that loss of function of AtRFC4 led to an early sporophyte lethality that initiated as early as the elongated zygote stage, all defective embryos arrested at the two- to four-cell embryo proper stage, and the endosperm possessed six to eight free nuclei...
February 6, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Xiaohua Xia, Weiran Huo, Ruyan Wan, Xiaopei Xia, Qiyan Du, Zhongjie Chang
Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is a well-known method to quantify gene expression by comparing with the reference genes. Generally, housekeeping genes were set as references, as for their stable expression in varying conditions. Here, we try to evaluate few of such genes to identify suitable housekeeping genes as references for qRT-PCR analysis of gene expression in Misgurnus anguillicaudatus. This study evaluated the expression of four commonly used housekeeping genes, i...
December 2017: Journal of Genetics
Emilia I Balbi, Fernando M Flores, Daniela S Tosto, Joel D Arneodo
The Helicoverpa/Heliothis complex can cause serious damage to agricultural crops. Phenotypic similarity makes it difficult to discriminate between closely related Helicoverpa species. Currently, morphology of the male genitalia complemented with molecular techniques constitutes the best approach for species identification. In this work, a broad microscopic examination of adult Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) males (n = 200) captured in central Argentina was carried out in order to provide a detailed description of the valvae and the phallus...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
Elías Trujillo-Esquivel, José A Martínez-Álvarez, Diana M Clavijo-Giraldo, Nahúm V Hernández, Alberto Flores-Martínez, Patricia Ponce-Noyola, Héctor M Mora-Montes
Sporothrix schenckii is one of the causative agents of sporotrichosis, a worldwide-distributed mycosis that affects humans and other mammals. The interest in basic and clinical features of this organism has significantly increased in the last years, yet little progress in molecular aspects has been reported. Gene expression analysis is a set of powerful tools that helps to assess the cell response to changes in the extracellular environment, the genetic networks controlling metabolic pathways, and the adaptation to different growth conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Mieke de Wit, Diederik H Keuskamp, Franca J Bongers, Patricia Hornitschek, Charlotte M M Gommers, Emilie Reinen, Carmen Martínez-Cerón, Christian Fankhauser, Ronald Pierik
Plants in dense vegetation perceive their neighbors primarily through changes in light quality. Initially, the ratio between red (R) and far-red (FR) light decreases due to reflection of FR by plant tissue well before shading occurs. Perception of low R:FR by the phytochrome photoreceptors induces the shade avoidance response [1], of which accelerated elongation growth of leaf-bearing organs is an important feature. Low R:FR-induced phytochrome inactivation leads to the accumulation and activation of the transcription factors PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTORs (PIFs) 4, 5, and 7 and subsequent expression of their growth-mediating targets [2, 3]...
December 19, 2016: Current Biology: CB
J P De Vries, R Azadi, M R Harwood
Saccade latencies are known to increase for targets presented close to fixation. Recently, it was shown that not only target eccentricity, but the size of a proximal saccade target also plays a crucial role: latencies increase rapidly with increasing target size. Interestingly, these latency increases are greater than those typically found for other supra-threshold manipulations of target properties. Here we evaluate to what extent this phenomenon is distinct from known delays in saccade initiation and whether the phenomenon is truly related to the size of a proximal target...
December 2016: Vision Research
M Mitrović, Ž Tomanović, M Jakovljević, D Radović, J Havelka, P Stary
Populations of Liparus glabrirostris (Curculionidae: Molytinae), a weevil inhabiting higher altitudes of Central Europe, were sampled from 24 localities in the Alps and Carpathian Mountains, and the geographical structuring of genetic variation was analyzed. Comparison of the concatenated mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I and subunit II sequences revealed consistent genetic divergence between the populations of L. glabrirostris from different mountain ranges. In phylogenetic analysis using maximum parsimony and median-joining networks, concatenated mitochondrial haplotypes from the Alps and Carpathians clustered as separate lineages, with high bootstrap support...
October 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Thiemo Sprink, David J F Ramrath, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Kaori Yamamoto, Justus Loerke, Jochen Ismer, Peter W Hildebrand, Patrick Scheerer, Jörg Bürger, Thorsten Mielke, Christian M T Spahn
Throughout the four phases of protein biosynthesis-initiation, elongation, termination, and recycling-the ribosome is controlled and regulated by at least one specified translational guanosine triphosphatase (trGTPase). Although the structural basis for trGTPase interaction with the ribosome has been solved for the last three steps of translation, the high-resolution structure for the key initiation trGTPase, initiation factor 2 (IF2), complexed with the ribosome, remains elusive. We determine the structure of IF2 complexed with a nonhydrolyzable guanosine triphosphate analog and initiator fMet-tRNAi (Met) in the context of the Escherichia coli ribosome to 3...
March 2016: Science Advances
Dong Liu, Zhen Liu, Huaxiang Liu, Hao Li, Xinliang Pan, Zhenzhong Li
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is critical for sensory neuron survival and is necessary for vesicular glutamate transporter 3 (VGLUT3) expression. Whether the transcription factors Etv4 and Etv5 are involved in these BDNF-induced effects remains unclear. In the present study, primary cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons were used to test the link between BDNF and transcription factors Etv4 and Etv5 on VGLUT3 expression and neurite outgrowth. BDNF promoted the mRNA and protein expression of Etv4 and Etv5 in DRG neurons...
March 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
Lorena M C Cursino, Nerilson M Lima, Renato Murillo, Cecilia V Nunez, Irmgard Merfort, Matjaz Humar
Preparations of Deguelia duckeana, known in Brazil as timbó, are used by indigenous people to kill fish. Reinvestigation of its extracts resulted in the isolation and identification of 11 known flavonoids identified as 3,5,4'-trimethoxy-4-prenylstilbene (1), 4-methoxyderricidine (2), lonchocarpine (3), 4-hydroxylonchocarpine (4), 4-methoxylonchocarpine (5), 5-hydroxy-4',7-dimethoxy-6-prenylflavanone (6), 4'-hydroxyisolonchocarpine (7), 4'-methoxyisolonchocarpine (8), 3',4',7-trimethoxyflavone (9), 3',4'-methylenedioxy-7-methoxyflavone (10), and 2,2-dimethyl-chromone-5,4'-hydroxy-5'-methoxyflavone (11)...
February 6, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Carrie Bernecky, Franz Herzog, Wolfgang Baumeister, Jürgen M Plitzko, Patrick Cramer
RNA polymerase (Pol) II produces messenger RNA during transcription of protein-coding genes in all eukaryotic cells. The Pol II structure is known at high resolution from X-ray crystallography for two yeast species. Structural studies of mammalian Pol II, however, remain limited to low-resolution electron microscopy analysis of human Pol II and its complexes with various proteins. Here we report the 3.4 Å resolution cryo-electron microscopy structure of mammalian Pol II in the form of a transcribing complex comprising DNA template and RNA transcript...
January 28, 2016: Nature
Huifang M Zhang, Fengping Wang, Ye Qiu, Xin Ye, Paul Hanson, Hongxing Shen, Decheng Yang
CVB3 (coxsackievirus 3) is a primary causal agent of viral myocarditis. Emodin is a natural compound isolated from certain plant roots. In the present study, we found that emodin inhibited CVB3 replication in vitro and in mice, and now we report an unrecognized mechanism by which emodin inhibits CVB3 replication through suppression of viral protein translation via multiple pathways. On one hand, emodin treatment inhibited Akt/mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signalling and activated 4EBP1 (eukaryotic initiation factor 4R-binding protein 1), leading to suppression of translation initiation of ribosomal protein L32 encoded by a 5'-TOP (terminal oligopyrimidine) mRNA...
February 15, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Marisa D Ruehle, Haibo Zhang, Ryan M Sheridan, Somdeb Mitra, Yuanwei Chen, Ruben L Gonzalez, Barry S Cooperman, Jeffrey S Kieft
Internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs) are powerful model systems to understand how the translation machinery can be manipulated by structured RNAs and for exploring inherent features of ribosome function. The intergenic region (IGR) IRESs from the Dicistroviridae family of viruses are structured RNAs that bind directly to the ribosome and initiate translation by co-opting the translation elongation cycle. These IRESs require an RNA pseudoknot that mimics a codon-anticodon interaction and contains a conformationally dynamic loop...
November 2, 2015: ELife
G P Moraes, L C Benitez, M N do Amaral, I L Vighi, P A Auler, L C da Maia, V J Bianchi, E J B Braga
To obtain accurate and reliable results for the expression of genes of interest using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) techniques, it is necessary to normalize the data by comparing them to constitutive genes that exhibit uniform expression levels under experimental conditions. In this study, the stability of expression was evaluated for the following ten candidate reference genes in rice leaves (Oryza sativa L.) from the BRS Bojuru and BRS Ligeirinho genotypes that were subjected to salt stress (150 mM): actin 11 (ACT11), beta-tubulin (β-TUB), eukaryote elongation factor 1-α (Eef-1), eukaryotic initiation factor 4-α (eIF-4-α), E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (UBC-E2), ubiquitin 5 (UBQ5), ubiquitin 10 (UBQ10), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), TIP41-like, and cyclophilin...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Tatsuo Yanagisawa, Ryohei Ishii, Yasushi Hikida, Ryuya Fukunaga, Toru Sengoku, Shun-ichi Sekine, Shigeyuki Yokoyama
The putative translation elongation factor Mbar_A0971 from the methanogenic archaeon Methanosarcina barkeri was proposed to be the pyrrolysine-specific paralogue of EF-Tu ("EF-Pyl"). In the present study, the crystal structures of its homologue from Methanosarcina mazei (MM1309) were determined in the GMPPNP-bound, GDP-bound, and apo forms, by the single-wavelength anomalous dispersion phasing method. The three MM1309 structures are quite similar (r.m.s.d. < 0.1 Å). The three domains, corresponding to domains 1, 2, and 3 of EF-Tu/SelB/aIF2γ, are packed against one another to form a closed architecture...
March 2015: Journal of Structural and Functional Genomics
Nicole H Romano, Kyle J Lampe, Hui Xu, Meghaan M Ferreira, Sarah C Heilshorn
The density of integrin-binding ligands in an extracellular matrix (ECM) is known to regulate cell migration speed by imposing a balance of traction forces between the leading and trailing edges of the cell, but the effect of cell-adhesive ligands on neurite chemoattraction is not well understood. A platform is presented here that combines gradient-generating microfluidic devices with 3D protein-engineered hydrogels to study the effect of RGD ligand density on neurite pathfinding from chick dorsal root ganglia-derived spheroids...
February 11, 2015: Small
Rogério Biaggioni Lopes, Marcos Faria, Daniela Aguiar Souza, Carlos Bloch, Luciano P Silva, Richard A Humber
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has proven to be a powerful tool for taxonomic resolution of microorganisms. In this proof-of-concept study, we assessed the effectiveness of this technique to track the current gene sequence-based phylogenetic classification of species in the Metarhizium anisopliae complex. Initially the phylogenetic analysis of 5' strains by sequencing of the 59' end of the TEF-1α gene region revealed seven species within M. anisopliae sensu lato and two varieties outside this complex...
July 2014: Mycologia
Katsuhiko Ono, Adrien Clavairoly, Tadashi Nomura, Hitoshi Gotoh, Aoi Uno, Olivier Armant, Hirohide Takebayashi, Qi Zhang, Kenji Shimamura, Shigeyoshi Itohara, Carlos M Parras, Kazuhiro Ikenaka
Thalamocortical axons (TCAs) pass through the prethalamus in the first step of their neural circuit formation. Although it has been supposed that the prethalamus is an intermediate target for thalamocortical projection formation, much less is known about the molecular mechanisms of this targeting. Here, we demonstrated the functional implications of the prethalamus in the formation of this neural circuit. We show that Olig2 transcription factor, which is expressed in the ventricular zone (VZ) of prosomere 3, regulates prethalamus formation, and loss of Olig2 results in reduced prethalamus size in early development, which is accompanied by expansion of the thalamic eminence (TE)...
May 2014: Development
R D Macleod
Roots of Vicia faba were treated with colchicine (0.025%), or IAA (4.7×10(-6) M), or both, for 3 hours and fixed at various intervals over the following 11 days. The axis of spindle orientation and the distribution of mitotic figures, lateral root primordia and xylem vessel elements was examined in the apical 10 mm of median longitudinal sections of these roots.No effect of IAA was found on the orientation of the spindle. However, evidence was obtained indicating that the systems controlling the polarity of cell division and cell expansion differ in some way...
September 1966: Planta
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"