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Plant microbial interaction

Diego Javier Jiménez, Maryam Chaib De Mares, Joana Falcão Salles
Plant biomass (PB) is an important source of sugars useful for biofuel production, whose degradation efficiency depends on synergistic and dynamic interactions of different enzymes. Here, using a metatranscriptomics-based approach, we explored the expression of PB-degrading enzymes in a five-species synthetic bacterial consortium during cultivation on sugarcane bagasse as a unique carbon source. By analyzing the temporal expression dynamics of a selection of enzymes we revealed the functional role of each consortium member and disentangled the potential interactions between them...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Suchi Srivastava, Sonal Srivastava, Vidisha Bist, Surabhi Awasthi, Reshu Chauhan, Vasvi Chaudhry, Poonam C Singh, Sanjay Dwivedi, Abhishek Niranjan, Lalit Agrawal, Puneet Singh Chauhan, Rudra Deo Tripathi, Chandra Shekhar Nautiyal
Rice grown in arsenic (As) contaminated areas contributes to high dietary exposure of As inducing multiple adverse effects on human health. The As contamination and application of phosphate fertilizers during seedling stage creates a high P and As stress condition. The flooded paddy fields are also conducive for algal growth and microbial activity. The present study proposes potential role of microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris (CHL) and bacteria, Pseudomonas putida (RAR) on rice plant grown under excess As and phosphate (P) conditions...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Jiemeng Tao, Delong Meng, Chong Qin, Xueduan Liu, Yili Liang, Yunhua Xiao, Zhenghua Liu, Yabing Gu, Juan Li, Huaqun Yin
Microbes play a critical role in soil global biogeochemical circulation and microbe-microbe interactions have also evoked enormous interests in recent years. Utilization of green manures can stimulate microbial activity and affect microbial composition and diversity. However, few studies focus on the microbial interactions or detect the key functional members in communities. With the advances of metagenomic technologies, network analysis has been used as a powerful tool to detect robust interactions between microbial members...
March 12, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Marco Tasin, Sebastian Larsson Herrera, Alan L Knight, Wilson Barros-Parada, Eduardo Fuentes Contreras, Ilaria Pertot
Semiochemicals released by plant-microbe associations are used by herbivorous insects to access and evaluate food resources and oviposition sites. Adult insects may utilize microbial-derived nutrients to prolong their lifespan, promote egg development, and offer a high nutritional substrate to their offspring. Here, we examined the behavioral role of semiochemicals from grape-microbe interactions on oviposition and field attraction of the grapevine moth Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermüller). The volatile constituents released by grape inoculated with yeasts (Hanseniaspora uvarum (Niehaus), Metschnikowia pulcherrima (Pitt...
March 10, 2018: Microbial Ecology
Wenjin Li, Rulan Zhang, Shuangshuang Liu, Weixin Li, Jinhua Li, Huakun Zhou, Johannes M H Knops
Biodiversity loss impacts on ecosystem functioning can vary greatly among ecosystems types and different ecosystem processes can respond differently. Here we conducted a plant functional group removal experiment with and without nitrogen (N) addition (5gNm-2 year-1 ) to examine the effects of plant functional group types presence, nitrogen deposition and their interaction effects on plant diversity, aboveground biomass, soil nutrients, soil microbial biomass and soil enzyme activity. After 4years, the removal of dominant grass did increase subordinates, forb richness, and decreased total aboveground biomass significantly...
March 8, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
L Pita, L Rix, B M Slaby, A Franke, U Hentschel
The recognition that all macroorganisms live in symbiotic association with microbial communities has opened up a new field in biology. Animals, plants, and algae are now considered holobionts, complex ecosystems consisting of the host, the microbiota, and the interactions among them. Accordingly, ecological concepts can be applied to understand the host-derived and microbial processes that govern the dynamics of the interactive networks within the holobiont. In marine systems, holobionts are further integrated into larger and more complex communities and ecosystems, a concept referred to as "nested ecosystems...
March 9, 2018: Microbiome
Raúl Ochoa-Hueso, Scott L Collins, Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo, Kelly Hamonts, William T Pockman, Robert L Sinsabaugh, Melinda D Smith, Alan K Knapp, Sally A Power
The effects of short-term drought on soil microbial communities remain largely unexplored, particularly at large scales and under field conditions. We used seven experimental sites from two continents (North America and Australia) to evaluate the impacts of imposed extreme drought on the abundance, community composition, richness and function of soil bacterial and fungal communities. The sites encompassed different grassland ecosystems spanning a wide range of climatic and soil properties. Drought significantly altered the community composition of soil bacteria and, to a lesser extent, fungi in grasslands from two continents...
March 5, 2018: Global Change Biology
David Bass, Christopher van der Gast, Serena Thomson, Sigrid Neuhauser, Sally Hilton, Gary D Bending
Microbial communities closely associated with the rhizosphere can have strong positive and negative impacts on plant health and growth. We used a group-specific amplicon approach to investigate local scale drivers in the diversity and distribution of plasmodiophorids in rhizosphere/root and bulk soil samples from oilseed rape (OSR) and wheat agri-systems. Plasmodiophorids are plant- and stramenopile-associated protists including well known plant pathogens as well as symptomless endobiotic species. We detected 28 plasmodiophorid lineages (OTUs), many of them novel, and showed that plasmodiophorid communities were highly dissimilar and significantly divergent between wheat and OSR rhizospheres and between rhizosphere and bulk soil samples...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Suayib Üstün, Anders Hafrén, Qinsong Liu, Richard S Marshall, Elena A Minina, Peter Bozhkov, Richard D Vierstra, Daniel Hofius
Autophagy and the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) are two major protein degradation pathways implicated in the response to microbial infections in eukaryotes. In animals, the contribution of autophagy and the UPS to anti-bacterial immunity is well documented and several bacteria have evolved measures to target and exploit these systems to the benefit of infection. In plants, the UPS has been established as a hub for immune responses and is targeted by bacteria to enhance virulence. However, the role of autophagy during plant-bacterial interactions is less understood...
March 1, 2018: Plant Cell
Sachin Rustgi, Edouard Boex-Fontvieille, Christiane Reinbothe, Diter von Wettstein, Steffen Reinbothe
Plants have evolved an intricate regulatory network of proteases and corresponding protease inhibitors (PI), which operate in various biological pathways and serve diverse spatiotemporal functions during the sedentary life of a plant. Intricacy of the regulatory network can be anticipated from the observation that, depending on the developmental stage and environmental cue(s), either a single PI or multiple PIs regulate the activity of a given protease. On the other hand, the same PI often interacts with different targets at different places, necessitating another level of fine control to be added in planta...
2018: Communicative & Integrative Biology
Antonietta Mello, Raffaella Balestrini
The roots of most terrestrial plants are colonized by mycorrhizal fungi. They play a key role in terrestrial environments influencing soil structure and ecosystem functionality. Around them a peculiar region, the mycorrhizosphere, develops. This is a very dynamic environment where plants, soil and microorganisms interact. Interest in this fascinating environment has increased over the years. For a long period the knowledge of the microbial populations in the rhizosphere has been limited, because they have always been studied by traditional culture-based techniques...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Joaquín Clúa, Carla Roda, María Eugenia Zanetti, Flavio A Blanco
The root nodule symbiosis established between legumes and rhizobia is an exquisite biological interaction responsible for fixing a significant amount of nitrogen in terrestrial ecosystems. The success of this interaction depends on the recognition of the right partner by the plant within the richest microbial ecosystems on Earth, the soil. Recent metagenomic studies of the soil biome have revealed its complexity, which includes microorganisms that affect plant fitness and growth in a beneficial, harmful, or neutral manner...
February 27, 2018: Genes
Stefanie DeFilippi, Emma Groulx, Merna Megalla, Rowida Mohamed, Tyler J Avis
Bacillus subtilis has shown success in antagonizing plant pathogens where strains of the bacterium produce antimicrobial cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs) in response to microbial competitors in their ecological niche. To gain insight into the inhibitory role of these CLPs, B. subtilis strain B9-5 was co-cultured with three pathogenic fungi. Inhibition of mycelial growth and spore germination was assessed and CLPs produced by B. subtilis B9-5 were quantified over the entire period of microbial interaction. B. subtilis B9-5 significantly inhibited mycelial growth and spore germination of Fusarium sambucinum and Verticillium dahliae, but not Rhizopus stolonifer...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Isabel M López-Lara, Joaquina Nogales, Ángel Pech-Canul, Nieves Calatrava-Morales, Lydia M Bernabéu-Roda, Paloma Durán, Virginia Cuéllar, José Olivares, Laura Alvarez, Diana Palenzuela-Bretones, Manuel Romero, Stephan Heeb, Miguel Cámara, Otto Geiger, María J Soto
Surface motility and biofilm formation are behaviours which enable bacteria to infect their hosts and are controlled by different chemical signals. In the plant symbiotic alpha-proteobacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti, the lack of long-chain fatty acyl-coenzyme A synthetase activity (FadD) leads to increased surface motility, defects in biofilm development, and impaired root colonization. In this study, analyses of lipid extracts and volatiles revealed that a fadD mutant accumulates 2-tridecanone (2-TDC), a methylketone known as a natural insecticide...
February 28, 2018: Environmental Microbiology
Joseph E Carrara, Christopher A Walter, Jennifer S Hawkins, William T Peterjohn, Colin Averill, Edward R Brzostek
Atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition has enhanced soil carbon (C) stocks in temperate forests. Most research has posited that these soil C gains are driven primarily by shifts in fungal community composition with elevated N leading to declines in lignin degrading Basidiomycetes. Recent research, however, suggests that plants and soil microbes are dynamically intertwined, whereby plants send C subsidies to rhizosphere microbes to enhance enzyme production and the mobilization of N. Thus, under elevated N, trees may reduce belowground C allocation leading to cascading impacts on the ability of microbes to degrade soil organic matter through a shift in microbial species and/or a change in plant-microbe interactions...
February 28, 2018: Global Change Biology
Xiu-Fang Xin, Brian Kvitko, Sheng Yang He
Pseudomonas syringae is one of the best-studied plant pathogens and serves as a model for understanding host-microorganism interactions, bacterial virulence mechanisms and host adaptation of pathogens as well as microbial evolution, ecology and epidemiology. Comparative genomic studies have identified key genomic features that contribute to P. syringae virulence. P. syringae has evolved two main virulence strategies: suppression of host immunity and creation of an aqueous apoplast to form its niche in the phyllosphere...
February 26, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
Sabina Kolbl Repinc, Robert Šket, Domen Zavec, Katarina Vogel Mikuš, Fernando G Fermoso, Blaž Stres
A start-up of 4 MW agricultural biogas plant in Vučja vas, Slovenia, was monitored from 2011 to 2014. The start-up was carried out in 3 weeks with the intake of biomass from three operating full-scale 1-2 MW donor agricultural biogas plants. The samples were taken from donor digesters and from two serial digesters during the start-up over the course of 2.5 years. Bacterial and Archaeal microbial communities progressively diverged from the composition of donor digesters during the start-up phase. The rate of change of Bacterial community decreased exponentially over the first 2...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Kai Yue, Wanqin Yang, Yan Peng, Changhui Peng, Bo Tan, Zhenfeng Xu, Li Zhang, Xiangyin Ni, Wei Zhou, Fuzhong Wu
Human activity-induced global change drivers have dramatically changed terrestrial phosphorus (P) dynamics. However, our understanding of the interactive effects of multiple global change drivers on terrestrial P pools remains elusive, limiting their incorporation into ecological and biogeochemical models. We conducted a meta-analysis using 1751 observations extracted from 283 published articles to evaluate the individual, combined, and interactive effects of elevated CO2 , warming, N addition, P addition, increased rainfall, and drought on P pools of plant (at both single-plant and plant-community levels), soil and microbial biomass...
February 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Margarita Stritzler, Gabriela Soto, Nicolás Ayub
There are increasing evidences that horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is a critical mechanism of bacterial evolution, while its complete impact remains unclear. A main constraint of HGT effects on microbial evolution seems to be the conservation of the function of the horizontally transferred genes. From this perspective, inflexible nomenclature and functionality criteria have been established for some mobile genetic elements such as pathogenic and symbiotic islands. Adhesion is a universal prerequisite for both beneficial and pathogenic plant-microbe interactions, and thus, adhesion systems (e...
February 23, 2018: Microbial Ecology
Xiaodong Yao, Naili Zhang, Hui Zeng, Wei Wang
Although the patterns and drivers of soil microbial community composition are well studied, little is known about the effects of plant-soil interactions and soil depth on soil microbial distribution at a regional scale. We examined 195 soil samples from 13 sites along a climatic transect in the temperate grasslands of northern China to measure the composition of and factors influencing soil microbial communities within a 1-m soil profile. Soil microbial community composition was measured using phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) analysis...
February 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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