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Plant microbial interaction

Davide Francioli, Elke Schulz, François Buscot, Thomas Reitz
Soil microorganisms regulate element cycling and plant nutrition, mediate co-existence of neighbors, and stabilize plant communities. Many of these effects are dependent upon environmental conditions and, in particular, on nutrient quality and availability in soils. In this context, we set up a pot experiment in order to examine the combined effects of soil nutrient availability and microbial communities on plant-soil interactions and to investigate assemblage rules for soil bacterial communities under changed nutrient conditions...
July 15, 2017: Microbial Ecology
Xin Jing, Xiao Chen, Mao Tang, Zongju Ding, Lai Jiang, Peng Li, Suhui Ma, Di Tian, Longchao Xu, Jianxiao Zhu, Chengjun Ji, Haihua Shen, Chengyang Zheng, Jingyun Fang, Biao Zhu
Soil extracellular enzymes play a key role in mediating a range of forest ecosystem functions (i.e., carbon and nutrients cycling and biological productivity), particularly in the face of atmospheric N deposition that has been increasing at an unprecedented rate globally. However, most studies have focused only on surface soils in a single ecosystem. In this study, we aimed to determine whether the effect of simulated N deposition on the activities and ratios of soil enzymes changes with soil depth across six forest ecosystems in eastern China...
July 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Zhaojin Chen, Yuan Zheng, Chuanyu Ding, Xuemin Ren, Jian Yuan, Feng Sun, Yuying Li
Two energy crops (maize and soybean) were used in the remediation of cadmium-contaminated soils. These crops were used because they are fast growing, have a large biomass and are good sources for bioenergy production. The total accumulation of cadmium in maize and soybean plants was 393.01 and 263.24μg pot(-1), respectively. The rhizosphere bacterial community composition was studied by MiSeq sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using 16S rRNA gene sequences. The rhizosphere bacteria were divided into 33 major phylogenetic groups according to phyla...
July 13, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Andrés M Caraballo-Rodríguez, Pieter C Dorrestein, Monica T Pupo
The importance of microbial natural products has been widely demonstrated in the search for new antibiotics. However, the functional role of microbial metabolites in nature remains to be deciphered. Several natural products are known to mediate microbial interactions through metabolic exchange. One approach to investigate metabolic exchange in the laboratory is through microbial interactions. Here, we describe the chemical study of selected endophytes isolated from the Brazilian medicinal plant Lychnophora ericoides by pairwise inter-kingdom interactions in order to correlate the impact of co-cultivation to their metabolic profiles...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Khondoker M G Dastogeer, Hua Li, Krishnapillai Sivasithamparam, Michael G K Jones, Stephen J Wylie
In arid regions of northern Australia, plants survive under water deficit, high temperatures, intense solar radiation and nutrient-impoverished soils. They employ various morpho-physiological and biochemical adaptations including interaction with microbial symbionts. We evaluated identity, host and tissue association with geographical distribution of fungal endophytes isolated from above- and below-ground tissues of plants of three indigenous Australian Nicotiana species. Isolation frequency and α-diversity were significantly higher for root endophyte assemblages than those of stem and leaf tissues...
July 13, 2017: Microbial Ecology
Robertson-Albertyn Senga, Senga Alegria Terrazas, Katharin Balbirnie, Manuel Blank, Agnieszka Janiak, Iwona Szarejko, Beata Chmielewska, Jagna Karcz, Jenny Morris, Pete E Hedley, Timothy S George, Davide Bulgarelli
The rhizosphere, the thin layer of soil surrounding and influenced by plant roots, defines a distinct and selective microbial habitat compared to unplanted soil. The microbial communities inhabiting the rhizosphere, the rhizosphere microbiota, engage in interactions with their host plants which span from parasitism to mutualism. Therefore, the rhizosphere microbiota emerges as one of the determinants of yield potential in crops. Studies conducted with different plant species have unequivocally pointed to the host plant as a driver of the microbiota thriving at the root-soil interface...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Palanisami Thavamani, R Amos Samkumar, Viswanathan Satheesh, Suresh R Subashchandrabose, Kavitha Ramadass, Ravi Naidu, Kadiyala Venkateswarlu, Mallavarapu Megharaj
Derelict mines pose potential risks to environmental health. Several factors such as soil structure, organic matter, and nutrient content are the greatly affected qualities in mined soils. Soil microbial communities are an important element for successful reclamation because of their major role in nutrient cycling, plant establishment, geochemical transformations, and soil formation. Yet, microorganisms generally remain an undervalued asset in mined sites. The microbial diversity in derelict mine sites consists of diverse species belonging to four key phyla: Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Firmicutes, and Bacteroidetes...
July 6, 2017: Environmental Pollution
David Latrasse, Teddy Jégu, Huchen Li, Axel de Zelicourt, Cécile Raynaud, Stéphanie Legras, Andrea Gust, Olga Samajova, Alaguraj Veluchamy, Naganand Rayapuram, Juan Sebastian Ramirez-Prado, Olga Kulikova, Jean Colcombet, Jean Bigeard, Baptiste Genot, Ton Bisseling, Moussa Benhamed, Heribert Hirt
BACKGROUND: Microbial-associated molecular patterns activate several MAP kinases, which are major regulators of the innate immune response in Arabidopsis thaliana that induce large-scale changes in gene expression. Here, we determine whether microbial-associated molecular pattern-triggered gene expression involves modifications at the chromatin level. RESULTS: Histone acetylation and deacetylation are major regulators of microbial-associated molecular pattern-triggered gene expression and implicate the histone deacetylase HD2B in the reprogramming of defence gene expression and innate immunity...
July 6, 2017: Genome Biology
Radha Prasanna, Balasubramanian Ramakrishnan, Kaur Simranjit, Kunal Ranjan, Amrita Kanchan, Firoz Hossain, Lata Nain
The present investigation aimed to understand the influence of two plant growth promoting cyanobacterial formulations (Anabaena-Mesorhizobium ciceri biofilm and Anabaena laxa), along with Mesorhizobium ciceri, on the symbiotic performance of five each of desi- and kabuli-chickpea cultivars. Inoculation with cyanobacterial formulations led to significant interactions with different cultivars, in terms of fresh weight and number of nodules, the concentration of nodular leghemoglobin, and the number of pods. The inoculant A...
July 1, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
M Denise Dearing, Kevin D Kohl
For decades, comparative biologists have recognized the importance of microbial partners in facilitating herbivory as a successful feeding strategy. Most of this success is attributed to the ability of gut microbes to digest recalcitrant dietary fiber and provides usable nutrients to their hosts. Gut microbes can also provide numerous other functions, such as vitamin synthesis, nitrogen recycling, and the detoxification of plant secondary compounds. Here, we review these microbial functions in herbivorous mammals and birds, highlighting studies that utilize recently developed metagenomic techniques...
June 28, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
Andreas Schuldt, Helge Bruelheide, François Buscot, Thorsten Assmann, Alexandra Erfmeier, Alexandra-Maria Klein, Keping Ma, Thomas Scholten, Michael Staab, Christian Wirth, Jiayong Zhang, Tesfaye Wubet
Ecosystem functioning and human well-being critically depend on numerous species interactions above- and belowground. However, unraveling the structure of multitrophic interaction webs at the ecosystem level is challenging for biodiverse ecosystems. Attempts to identify major relationships between trophic levels usually rely on simplified proxies, such as species diversity. Here, we propose to consider the full information on species composition across trophic levels, using Procrustes correlation and structural equation models...
June 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
Diego Javier Jiménez, Francisco Dini-Andreote, Kristen M DeAngelis, Steven W Singer, Joana Falcão Salles, Jan Dirk van Elsas
Plant biomass (PB) is an important resource for biofuel production. However, the frequent lack of efficiency of PB saccharification is still an industrial bottleneck. The use of enzyme cocktails produced from PB-degrading microbial consortia (PB-dmc) is a promising approach to optimize this process. Nevertheless, the proper use and manipulation of PB-dmc depends on a sound understanding of the ecological processes and mechanisms that exist in these communities. This Opinion article provides an overview of arguments as to how spatiotemporal nutritional fluxes influence the successional dynamics and ecological interactions (synergism versus competition) between populations in PB-dmc...
June 19, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
Stéphane Hacquard, Stijn Spaepen, Ruben Garrido-Oter, Paul Schulze-Lefert
The innate immune system of plants recognizes microbial pathogens and terminates their growth. However, recent findings suggest that at least one layer of this system is also engaged in cooperative plant-microbe interactions and influences host colonization by beneficial microbial communities. This immune layer involves sensing of microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that initiate quantitative immune responses to control host-microbial load, whereas diversification of MAMPs and PRRs emerges as a mechanism that locally sculpts microbial assemblages in plant populations...
June 23, 2017: Annual Review of Phytopathology
Birgit Piechulla, Marie-Chantal Lemfack, Marco Kai
Plants live in association with microorganisms, which are well known as a rich source of specialized metabolits, including volatile compounds. The increasing numbers of described plant microbiomes allowed manifold phylogenetic tree deductions, but less emphasis is presently put on the metabolic capacities of plant-associated microorganisms. With the focus on small volatile metabolites we summarize i) the knowledge of prominent bacteria of plant microbiomes, ii) present the state-of-the-art of individual (discrete) microbial organic and inorganic volatiles affecting plants and fungi, and iii) emphasize the high potential of microbial volatiles in mediating microbe-plant interactions...
June 23, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
Omri M Finkel, Gabriel Castrillo, Sur Herrera Paredes, Isai Salas González, Jeffery L Dangl
After a century of incremental research, technological advances, coupled with a need for sustainable crop yield increases, have reinvigorated the study of beneficial plant-microbe interactions with attention focused on how microbiomes alter plant phenotypes. We review recent advances in plant microbiome research, and describe potential applications for increasing crop productivity. The phylogenetic diversity of plant microbiomes is increasingly well characterized, and their functional diversity is becoming more accessible...
June 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Aurore Kaisermann, Franciska T de Vries, Robert I Griffiths, Richard D Bardgett
Interactions between aboveground and belowground biota have the potential to modify ecosystem responses to climate change, yet little is known about how drought influences plant-soil feedbacks with respect to microbial mediation of plant community dynamics. We tested the hypothesis that drought modifies plant-soil feedback with consequences for plant competition. We measured net pairwise plant-soil feedbacks for two grassland plant species grown in monoculture and competition in soils that had or had not been subjected to a previous drought; these were then exposed to a subsequent drought...
June 16, 2017: New Phytologist
Sebastian Flues, David Bass, Michael Bonkowski
Preferential food selection in protists is well documented, but we still lack basic understanding on how protist predation modifies the taxonomic and functional composition of bacterial communities. We conducted feeding trials using leaf-associated cercomonad Cercozoa by incubating them on a standardized, diverse bacterial community washed from plant leaves. We used a shotgun metagenomics approach to investigate the taxonomic and functional changes of the bacterial community after five days protist predation upon bacteria...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
Priya Date, Amber Crowley-Gall, Aaron F Diefendorf, Stephanie M Rollmann
Divergent selection between environments can result in changes to the behavior of an organism. In many insects, volatile compounds are a primary means by which host plants are recognized and shifts in plant availability can result in changes to host preference. Both the plant substrate and microorganisms can influence this behavior, and host plant choice can have an impact on the performance of the organism. In Drosophila mojavensis, four geographically isolated populations each use different cacti as feeding and oviposition substrates and identify those cacti by the composition of the volatile odorants emitted...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Sandra Granzow, Kristin Kaiser, Bernd Wemheuer, Birgit Pfeiffer, Rolf Daniel, Stefan Vidal, Franziska Wemheuer
Many bacteria and fungi in the plant rhizosphere and endosphere are beneficial to plant nutrient acquisition, health, and growth. Although playing essential roles in ecosystem functioning, our knowledge about the effects of multiple cropping regimes on the plant microbiome and their interactions is still limited. Here, we designed a pot experiment simulating different cropping regimes. For this purpose, wheat and faba bean plants were grown under controlled greenhouse conditions in monocultures and in two intercropping regimes: row and mixed intercropping...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Daniela Batista, Cláudia Pascoal, Fernanda Cássio
Silver nanoparticles (AgNP)s can have toxic effects on aquatic species and compromise important ecosystem processes. AgNP impacts have been the focus of much research, but their effects under different environmental contexts, such as the increase in global temperature are difficult to predict. The aim of this study was to evaluate the interactive effects of AgNPs and temperature on the activity and diversity of microbial decomposers of plant litter in streams. Litter-associated microbial communities were exposed in microcosms to increased concentrations of AgNPs (50 to 75000μgL(-1)) and AgNO3 (5 to 7500μgL(-1)) and kept for 21days at 10°C, 16°C and 23°C...
June 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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